Long Island University Brooklyn's FIRST Disorientation Guide (2015).


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Long Island University Brooklyn's FIRST Disorientation Guide (2015).




Brookville, New York

extracted text


Long Island University’s

Contributors include: Hutchity Hutch, Tyler Musgrave, and LIU students/alumni.

Brooklyn Campus


This disorientation guide is brought to you by Activists
IV Social Justice (ASJ). Our goal is to engage students
in and build a strong, active community on (and off) the
Brooklyn campus of Long Island University. ASJ hosts
thought-provoking and pro-active events that focus on
varying political issues that take place at home and
abroad such as racial equality, the end of police brutality
and mass incarceration, LGBTQ+ and women’s rights,
and the end of white supremacy. We participate in direct
actions and collaborate with many city, state-wide,
national, and international radical organizations and

For more information find us on social media:
FB: facebook.com/asj.brooklyn.liu
Twitter: twitter.com/ActivistIV
Send us an email: asj.brooklyn.liu@gmail.com

Come talk to us in person at our weekly table on
Wednesdays at 1pm. If you would like to participate in
all the fun and are serious about organizing for social
change, join ASJ! Check out our weekly club meeting
Thursdays at 8pm.
Continue reading to for the full disorientation experience.

Make sure to look out for ASJ’s upcoming events this

October: Socialism, seriously! Book reading and

Author Q+A
7x9, A Protest Against Youth in Solitary
Confinement and Mass Incarceration
Cancel Student Debt Discussion with Socialist
November: Black Lives Matter Open Mic

Outreach and Service at Holy Aposteles Soup
December: Book Drive for the Incarcerated

Global AIDS Awareness Day Event (free goodies!)

Transgender Awareness Panel Discussion
Political Film Showing
Day of Silence
Women’s Herstory Month Open Mic

Welcome…to the Institution of Rip-off Artists!


Let’s begin your disorientation: a brief overview…

Universities or Corporate Institutions?
Meet Your Pres, Kimberly Cline


Meet LIU’s President Kimberly Cline and learn about how much administration
doesn’t care about your financial struggles…

The Administration and You


What to watch out for when you’re dealing with your administration…

The Motherlode of Issues You Weren’t Expecting
Current issues on and off campus for students and workers…


Deadlines: They Are Exactly As They Sound
How to File an Appeal
Juggling Work and Study
Student Debt
The Attack Against LIU Workers, Teachers, and Unions
LGBTQ+ Community on Campus
Sexual Harassment/Rape Culture
Racial Discrimination on Campus by Tyler Musgrave
Mass Incarceration and the School-to-Prison Pipeline by Anon.
Dealing with On-Campus Police and Safety Security
Israel and Palestine Controversy and the Lack of Academic Freedom


A Silver Lining for the Disoriented


It’s all so exciting! Hope and gratefulness…



Campus services…beginning your journey in activism…

*If you or your club would like to
contribute to the Disorientation Guide,
please contact:

Welcome…to the Institution of Rip-off Artists!
Smell that? That’s the smell of teen spirit slowly dissipating
as the responsibilities of adulthood take reign…or at least that’s
what they tell you.
You’re an adult now. And while the stereotype of university
life usually incorporates excessive drinking, partying, and freedom
– I will take this time to remind you that you are not in a movie.
The hidden madness rarely portrayed on the screen includes the
pressured acceptance of student debt and unexplained financial
loopholes (that will nip you in the ass), sexual harassment, power
struggles, racial discrimination, sexism, and ridiculous deadlines
that are never clearly stated (that will also nip you in the ass.)
Yes, financial downfall and oppressive struggles await as
the debt adds on and the tuition increases, but hey! – At least
you’re learning, right? For some of you, this may be nothing new.
You may have experienced discriminatory and corrupt behavior
from the outer world for years. For others, you may come from a
more privileged position with more financial stability from
guardian figures or, perhaps, have never had to deal with the color
of your skin affecting people’s perspectives of your existence and
you may have less to no idea what or why I am talking about these
controversial topics. Perhaps you come from a privileged
background and are very cued in to many social justice movements
and are already sending an email to ASJ to join. Whatever your
situation is – WELCOME TO LIU!
This guide has been written BY students FOR students
with the hope that you will have the smoothest transition entering
the pool of higher ed with all its pleasures and woes. As we grow
older we become more attuned on what to watch out for in terms
of ways the system tries to cheat us. Universities, while they are a
hub for academia and creativity, are not exempt from this. The
college experience is nonetheless disorienting as you begin your

journey into the “real world.” But have no fear! – you are not
alone. Lo, and behold! – you have a guide.
What is a disorientation guide?
Disorientation guides are mini-booklets filled with all the things
they don’t tell you. This one in particular has been written by
students and alumni for students currently enrolled in higher
Who is “they”?
They are your teachers, your parents, your friends, your
professors, your advisors, your university’s administration, your
white-supremacist patriarchal capitalist society and so on.
What don’t they tell me and why don’t they?
Slow down! I’m getting to that, but why is most likely due to mere
unawareness of just how corporate universities can be or because
you are the cow full of yummy milk ($$$) and they clutch your
utters in their skeevy palms. They’ll milk you for all the moolah
you’ve got.
…You know what to watch out for.
That’s why members of Activists IV Social Justice have put
together a guide that will expose the sneaky truths of Long Island
University, specifically the Brooklyn campus. In the following text
we will cover (or uncover) topics like: what your LIU president,
Ms. Kimberly Cline, has been up to, how to navigate discussions
and issues with the administration, what to be hyper-aware of in
financial matters with the school (so you can save as much of your
precious moolah as possible), current issues students and faculty
face on (and off) campus, privacy or lack thereof within emails

and social media, and where you can go for help when shit hits the
fan. Finally, we will end on a happy note, maybe throw in a few
adorable cat pictures. Dogs more your thing? Sure, a couple pups
too. After all, you are privileged to be attending a private
university that offers amazing learning experiences and you
should be proud of your accomplishments thus far!

Universities or Corporate Institutions?
In the United States, most students are pressured to go
into higher education directly out of high school. For those of you
who took a gap year or two or three or were unable to find the
time, money, or reasoning to pursue a degree beforehand, but now
have the availability, accessibility, or determination to continue
your learning – congratulations! If you came here directly out of
high school – congratulations! You have worked hard to be
here and should be enormously proud of your passion
for learning and aiming for a better future for yourself
and those around you! From this point on, while it will be
more hard work, you will gain amazing experiences and
connections that many folk are unable to acquire. This is not to
make you feel guilty, but rather to give you a perspective of your
privilege – be grateful for what you have. This gratefulness
will help you persevere through the craziness that is college.
Going onto higher education is no joke. This is where you
will focus your interests and gain a degree in something you love

or plan to have a career in or both! Whatever your reasoning is for
attending university, whether it be to simply get the important
piece of paper (your degree), to pursue a long-withstanding
passion of yours, or because your parents said so, you’re here –
and the college experience may be a little disorienting. One thing
you can be sure of is that going to college and gaining a degree will
benefit your life in society and is considered to be a privilege.
While critics would argue that education should be a right for all
(and it should), the current world we live in has made the
experience and benefits of higher education unreasonable for
many folk to acquire or sustain.
In a recent TIME magazine article, How American
Universities Turned Into Corporations, writer and filmmaker,
Andrew Rossi, reports the concern of finances in universities
stating that the nation’s student loan debt “now exceeds $1
trillion” and that, “universities act increasingly like big businesses
that treat students as customers.” i Suffice to say, this wasn’t the
case in the 1960’s and 70’s. In fact, tuition for residents, even for
some of the best schools in America, was free. ii Thanks to
economists like Milton Friedman (who advocated against free
education) and rising limits of student lending during the Reagan
administration, college tuition rose alongside and voila the
student loan market was created.
“Since 1978 the cost of college has increased in
absolute dollars by 1120%,” Rossi claims. And while we will
continue to hear the same story of the ridiculous sum of moneys
pulled from students improving the facilities, we are still left
dumfounded by the insane amount of financial struggle we face in
order to attain a better chance of a well-paying job. On top of the
massive and increasing tuition rate, we are beginning to see
exposes of how much our money pays administration (typically
between a half million and over a million) even though most
universities are downsizing their staff or replacing full-time
professors with part-time adjunct professors. iii

So why is this important? To intimidate you?
Absolutely not. Just the opposite. That’s right, to inspire you.
You’re in luck because you have a voice – whether it’s verbal or
body language. You have the tools to make yourself, your
concerns, and your rights heard at your fingertips – and
since you’re already in the university community, you have an
advantage. But you can’t do it alone.
Being a student in university is one of the most powerful
positions to be in when it comes to creating change in the
institution. Why? Because we are the next generation of workers
and workers are what keep the economic world in motion. Most of
us are already part of the work force, yet another advantage. We,
as students (and workers) are the ebb to the flow and if we
demand a more sustainable and reasonable way to acquire higher
education as a unified unit, we will win.

Meet Your Pres, Kimberly Cline
This is your president, Kimberly Cline.

Take a good look because, more often than not, you will go
your whole college experience without meeting or even seeing her

in person (unless you go to the Town Hall meetings...maybe.)
She’s not really the community-building type. In fact, she’s more
like the community-destroying type. As testified by the several
comments below from staff at a variety of LIU campuses, Ms.
Cline has reduced and demolished entire departments by
dismissing a large sum of long-time employees and doubling the
work for the faculty who remain.
Ms. Cline’s history of working in higher education as
president began with Mercy College. Prior to her promotion she
was the Vice Chancellor and Chief Financial Officer of the State
University of New York (SUNY).
It’s slowly becoming common knowledge that many of the
presidents and members of university’s Board of Trustees (better
known as the bureaucrats with the decision-making power) were
prior financial advisors of major banks or tend to be more wellversed in major financial business deals than the betterment and
accessibility of higher education for all. That being said, your new
president’s degrees include a BS in Industrial Relations (the study
and practice of collective bargaining, trade unionism, and labormanagement relations iv) and a Master of Business Administration
(covers areas of business such as accounting, finance, marketing,
and human resources v *or lack thereof*) upon others that would
make any radical’s spine shiver.
While her degrees don’t necessarily negate her being as
LIU’s president, upon analyzing her actions of more
standardization within courses rather than academic freedom,
raising tuition and decreasing scholarship funds, and minimizing
staff to bare-bone basics forcing the remaining employees to run
around like headless chickens, it’s clear her inspiration came from
an educated background and it’s paying off – well, for her. As for
the rest of us, we are stuck in a rut battling against her every
attempt to divide and conquer us as students, faculty, and

To cut to the chase, under Kimberly Cline’s rule as
recently reported by the Seawanhaka Press (LIU news
source), in the article titled “LIU Grappling With
Change,” LIU has:




Changed tuition to flat-rate meaning there are
no details about separate fees that make up the
larger tuition sum. Instead it is one flat-rate
cost ultimately masking where your tuition money
goes with ambiguity.
Mass firings in the following: Conolly College
Dean’s office, Brooklyn Public Relations,
Advertisement, Admissions, Registrar,
Academic Reinforcement Center, ESL,
Secretarial Staff and Telephone Services. With
massive cuts the remaining workers are bombarded
with a substantially heavy workload and pressure to
fulfill tasks that were once a separate job. Expect lines.
Increased tuition: Between school years 2013-2014
and 2014-2015 there was a $342.00 increase. vi
The Graduate Assistance Program (GAP) was
cut in the fall of 2013
Cut backs from club budgets vii
Pay cuts for faculty and failure to raise funds
for scholarships
Cutbacks of the Yellow Ribbon fund A fund for
veteran students given by the government that is
matched by the school – now will only be 75%
matched instead of 100%. Veterans now have a bill of
over $17,000.00. This decision was made in
Feb/March, but wasn’t publicly known by students
until June.
Retraction of Dean Award from students in
LIU’s largest college, Conolly College. Now only
eligible for Freshman and Sophomores.



Outsourced Security Service (Allied Barton).
No positions were offered to previous security
Increase in health care payments for students
involved in the health sciences.

Here are some thoughts from the staff at LIU about Ms. Cline:
Brooklyn Faculty Senate – In a letter to President Cline (sent 2/22/14)
“Specifically, we are concerned about the lack of dialogue—or even
notice—about major changes, including structural changes
reorganization and physical moves, the lack of response to senate
resolutions [and] the lack of perspectives of faculty and staff with a long
history with the institution.”
Source: http://www.seawanhakapress.com/2014/04/17/liu-grapplingwith-change/
J. Edwards – Brookville Campus
“The new President (Kimberly Cline) has laid off practically half the staff
and has expected the remainder of us to complete the work. We haven't
received a cost of living wage in 3 years and now they expect us to pay
hundreds of dollars toward medical insurance. The President has shown
no initiative in raising student admissions and every student who
currently attends the school feels ripped off. The President told the
Faculty that she only has half-a-secretary and that she does all her own
secretarial work. This is false, as she has the whole University and her
beck and call. She fired a woman for splitting her lunch hour into 4 15
minute breaks so she could breast pump. Then realizing what a PR
nightmare this can be, paid off the woman. She brought in a venture
capitalist firm that is currently under investigation by the State for fraud.
And she opened a ‘student-run’ boutique that is run by her daughter. She
is using Post as a stepping stone to further her career, as she has already
applied for a Presidential position at Adelphi. During her tenure at
Mercy College, she pissed off the town of Dobbs Ferry so much that they
were elated when she left. She is running LIU into the ground and
ruining the lives its employees in the process.”
C. Klumb


“Tuition goes up every year, the workers standard of living goes down
and the only ones who are benefits are the Senior Administration. This is
true not only at LIU but at most other universities. It is the workers,
particularly the academic and administrative staffs that service the
students on a daily basis. They make the students experience a positive
one but yet they never get the respect or credit they deserve. Instead the
Board of Trustees award the very people who are ruining higher
education by trying to follow a corporate model instead of an educational
model. President Kline do the right thing, give up some of your
outrageous salary and pay your workers a decent living wage. Students
join the workers and demand that the administration treat both of you
with the respect you deserve.”
Anonymous – Brooklyn Campus
“Entire departments have been reorganized and/or eliminated. At the
Brooklyn campus, Registrar was merged with Financial Services to create
a "one stop" Enrollment Services department. Perhaps it made sense on
paper, but logistically, it has been a nightmare for students and staff. The
cost of attending LIU is ridiculous yet money is spent, not on improving
classrooms and labs where it’s needed for a better learning experience,
but on frivolous crap like a candy store, a boutique and a mock-trading
floor. Our retention rate is garbage. Personally, I don’t think it’s just the
coursework that daunts students but the hoops they have to jump
through just to navigate their way through the system that seems
unnecessarily complicated. In addition, employees have been laid off
and DROVES left on their own accord. Again, lay-offs are expected, but
it speaks volumes when people start jumping ship. I can't speak for Post,
but the Brooklyn Campus lost some of its best workers; people who had
been the backbone of this place for a huge chunk of their adult lives just
walked away after being here for 15, 20, 25 years. And why are
employees not being replaced? From what we’ve seen, jobs are NOT
being filled. Instead, they spread out those who are already here to cover
open positions (like the Associate Provost – or whatever the title is now being Interim Director of Athletics). I'm not sure how an organization is
expected to run efficiently with limited staff and resources…It’s
disheartening to those who have called LIU “home”. I would think
(hope?) that most of us felt good about what we did and the services we
provided for students. Now, it’s a totally different environment and it
seems to be unraveling at the seams.”


V. Thomas – Brooklyn Campus
“As a 14-year employee of the LIU Brooklyn Campus,…the bigger picture
here is the working/middle class in this city is shrinking! … For the
school's president to justify firing workers who do their work and to a
standard that has kept this school thriving is an insult. But for her to
justify a $690,000 salary on the backs of those who make a pittance who
she feels expedient to toss broadside off a ship, is extremely disrespectful.
To chase tenured faculty away from an institution of higher learning---as this place prides itself on, is the lowest form of disrespect one can even
L. Marx – Post Campus
“Entire depts have been cut or reduced to bare bones. We no longer have
a career services dept, the success coaches now are career coaches too.
Who ever heard of a college with no career services? These success
coaches are all under 34 yrs old, all single, talk about diversity. The
remaining academic counselors have giant caseloads. There are no health
services… Admission dept excepts anyone with a pulse and checkbook. …
People are hired without jobs being posted to internal staff first…The
graduation rate is so low because they admit sub-par students who will
never graduate yet they will owe lots of money. Post will take transfer
students who were asked to leave others schools. We have become the
dumping ground.”
SOURCE: Hamill, Denis. "A Brooklyn Hipsters Don't See." NY Daily
News. New York Daily News, 5 Nov. 2014. Web. 04 Aug. 2015.

The Administration and You
Always remember the administration answers to the
President and the President answers to the Board of Trustees. As
perfectly stated in NYU’s DisGuide, “The Board of Trustees
have no clue what it feels like to take a full course load
and work 30 hours a week. Or to be in debt. Or how it
feels to have someone tell them no.” viii Here are some
guidelines for when there comes a time or effort such as a violation

of or modification of the school’s policies where you are forced to
deal with the dreaded terror that is our administration.
RED HOT READ!!! From Columbia University’s DisGuide:
“The Art of War (with your administration):
1. Always find out who has the final say, and deal only with
him/her. Sometimes decisions are made by the President,
sometimes by lower-level administrators, but it is important to
research who has the real power and not let administrators pass
the buck to the president, or let the president send you to useless
meetings with powerless people. They will try.
2. Never meet with an administrator without first
building a group of students who support your goals. Find
some way to display this: a petition, lots of students at a meeting
with administrators, or students wearing a symbol of support. And
never attend a meeting with less than three students.
3. Know your administrator. A closet liberal? Pull his heart
strings. An evil bastard? Keep detailed notes of all things he says.
Play administrators off of each other. Make them seem like the
brilliant ones for coming up with your idea. Find out who has the
president’s ear.
4. Beware of “death by committee.” After ignoring you, they
may decide to “study” the issue with administrators, faculty, and a
token student rep—maybe even you. Sometimes there is no way
around a committee, but always give it firm deadlines and
keep up the pressure, or all it will do is issue an inconclusive
report. Demand that all committee meetings be open to
the public.
5. Have clear, short demands.


6. As the Senate’s decisions are often listened to, this is a
process you may want to get involved with. However,
beware rule 4.

Now go out there and win!” ix

Image from freeclipart.com


The Motherlode of Issues You Weren’t Expecting
(on campus)

Image from freeclipart.com

Deadlines: They Are Exactly As They Sound
Cross the line and you’re dead, figuratively…er financially.
Whenever you have to file paper work, pay a bill, add or drop a
class, anything that involves payment, application, or your
approval and signature – GET THE DATE OF THE
DEADLINE. If you miss it you will be punished, typically by a
large fee between $500.00 -over $2,000.00 or academic dismissal
or a whole bunch of other scary sounding things.
What can I do to prevent missing deadlines?

If there isn’t a reason that you can’t complete the
payment or task at the moment – COMPLETE THE



If you have to postpone the process due to
unavailability to pay or presently complete the process,
with the DEADLINE in your planner, in your phone,
on your fridge, on your forehead – whatever it is that
you look at often, PUT IT THERE.
If you have a reminder set with the DEADLINE, aim
to complete it BEFORE the deadline. All kinds of
complications can emerge if you wait until the last day
to turn it in. Things like:
o It got lost in other paper work and – oh look,
it’s the next day and there’s nothing you can do
about it. (Except there is, but that’s coming up
and it isn’t as reliable as turning it in prior to
the last day.)
o The deadline changed to the day before or
another date. This does happen and it’s usually
justified by a statement sent out in an email.
Unless you can prove you did not receive the
email, you can begin to cry now. (If you can
prove it…that’s coming up.)
o You forgot to fill out a section or didn’t know
you had to and now it’s too late. Sometimes,
whoever you’re working with will be lenient
about this. If whomever you’re speaking to is
not, you will need to do the following…

How to File an Appeal
What does it mean when I file an appeal?
As stated in an article on website College Parent Central, “The
purpose of an appeal is usually to allow the student to explain
extenuating circumstances or to provide additional information
that may not have been available at the time that the decision was

made.” x Essentially, appeals give you the opportunity to explain
yourself in detail. However, keep in mind you’re going for the
sympathy vote and it will most likely only be considered if you had
a significant circumstance with proof regarding health,
work, family, or complete change of study.
What can I file an appeal for?
You can file an appeal for almost any consequence the school puts
you under or circumstance you would like to change.
Examples of this are: dismissal from school, late withdrawal from
a class, grade change, change in policy, judicial decision, missed
Is there a guarantee that the appeal will change anything?
Unfortunately, no, there is no guarantee. The appeal will be
reviewed and, in many cases, are also rejected. However, there
are ways to strengthen your appeal.
Provided by the informative site, College Parent Central, following
the steps below could heighten your chances of a positive outcome.

“Know the institutional policy. The college catalog will usually
state clearly what the policy is for an appeal. You should be
clear about the process, the timing, and the administrators,
faculty or students involved.
o (You can find that information here:
Counseling/AcadPolicies/Conduct/Appeals *Note:
Beware of deadlines!)
Adhere to all deadlines. Nothing damages an appeal right from
the start more than missing the deadline. It may mean that the
appeal will not be considered at all.
Read and fill out all paperwork carefully. Dot the i’s and cross
the t’s. You will want to demonstrate that he is taking this
process seriously.

If anyone else is involved, a professor, an advisor, a resident
assistant or director, you might want to gain support. A letter
or statement of support or explanation from college staff might
help to strengthen the appeal.
If you have a good track record other than this situation, you
should point that out. Never appealed a decision before?
Point that out. Strong grades and no judicial or conduct
issues? Point that out. Appeal committees often consider the
whole student and are looking at all pieces of information.
You should explain the situation as fully and honestly as
possible, including all relevant information. Telling only part of
the story or stretching or skewing the truth will not help your
It is important that you take responsibility for your actions and
not make excuses. While the committee certainly needs to
hear about any special circumstances, they have heard all of the
excuses before. It will help your case if you demonstrate your
maturity and understanding by holding yourself accountable for
your actions rather than making excuses. (Don’t forget to add a
cherry on top!)
If you have any copies of helpful information – drafts of
papers, copies of forms, etc. they should be included with the
appeal request. The more concrete support and facts there are,
the better.
If you have the opportunity to be present for a hearing, BE
THERE. Some schools do not allow students to attend, but
you should request to be there and if you are allowed, be
present. This will allow the committee to clarify any questions
they might have or for your student to correct any
Finally, you should honestly explain why you feel that granting
this appeal is appropriate. What has changed? Why was the
decision in error? What will you do differently going
forward? You must explain this clearly.” xi


Image from cafepress.com
Juggling Work and Study
For those of you who work part-time or full-time
while being a part-time or full-time student, you are not alone.
Seawanhaka Press released an article titiled, “For New LIU
Students, It’s a Hard Time,” stating that, “There are many
Brooklyn Campus students working 20 hours a week or more to
earn a paycheck.” xii On top of that many students at LIU Brooklyn
students are also taking care of their family members and
children. And while it would be nice to have a job on campus to
ease your commute, unfortunately, at LIU Brooklyn
students are no longer able to have more than one job on
In the midst of the college experience, you may be feeling
overworked, overwhelmed, and stressed. If I can offer any advice
to you, it’s this: make sure you take time for yourself to do what
you love – even if it’s for 10 minutes a day or on your commute to
school. You deserve to be with yourself and give yourself some
loving. If we forget to give ourselves some time to reenergize we
will burn out. There will be times that are particularly harder than
others, such as getting ready for mid-terms and finals or if you
have a big project at work, this is when it’s most important to take
care of yourself.

For work-study students, regardless if you’re saving up
(which is a good idea for the future and possible student debt
hanging over your head) or for some extra spending money on the
side, you will be learning skills and gaining experience that may be
vital to being in the workforce, such as developing time
management and budgeting. xiii But in many cases, you could feel
mistreated by your management or coworkers, disrespected,
underpaid, unsafe, and so on. This is extremely common,
especially if you’re working “under the table.” There are people
and an entire movement that can help you.
Once you are in the workforce, though it may seem minor,
you play a major role in the socioeconomic world and you have
Some important things to know that might help
immediately are:



By the NY Labor Law sec.163, all “factories, stores,
hotels, restaurants and some other employers are
required to give all employees at least one full day of
rest (24 consecutive hours) each calendar week.” xiv
“Most New York employers are required to provide
“disability benefits,” which means that employees
disabled by illness for more than seven days become
entitled to half their wages, up to $170 per week, for up
to 26 weeks.” xv
You are entitled to overtime payment for all hours that
exceed 40/hrs per week.

Please check out the Worker’s Rights FAQs at:
as well as…

oh and…
The Labor Movement
What is the labor movement?
The labor movement has been active for centuries. The first
recorded strike was in 1768 when New York tailors protested
against a wage reduction. xvi These workers were also among the
first to organize together as a union to strengthen their voice as
workers in demanding their rights. Today, the labor movement is
led by national and international unions who are organizing to
fight for things like: raising the minimum wage, the end to slave
labor, wage equality, guaranteed maternal/paternal leave, better
working conditions, improved sexual harassment laws, and so on.
As you can see, it is still quite the battle for justice in the
workplace, but the more people use their voice for change and
improvements, the more likely we – as workers and students –
will be unstoppable.
Hold up.
What exactly are unions?
Unions are workers best friends. In fact, you can thank
union workers for a workless weekend, paid vacation, breaks
during work hours, sick leave, overtime pay, 8 hour work days,
and pregnancy/paternal leave among many other benefits! xvii
Unions are small or large associations of workers (typically in
specific fields; healthcare, teachers, factory workers, etc.) who
come together to protect and fight for their rights in the
workplace. As a collective group advocating for the same thing
(like a change in conduct, paid healthcare benefits…you get it),
unions have a stronger voice by working as a team.

Can I join a union?
Yes! Under U.S. law, workers of all ages have the right to
start or join a union. Go online and check for the best local union
for you. From there, speak directly with a union organizer about
how to join and be involved in the union and the labor movement.
The better working conditions and compensation
you receive, the less scary the next article will be. That’s
right…the subject students like talking about the
least…student debt. dun dun DUUUUN!

Student Debt
Student debt sucks. There’s nothing awesome about it,
except your degree. While you should never regret your choice to
pursue higher education, you can’t help but feel like an ominous
cloud of doom debt lurks over your head.
A recent article in the Seawanhaka Press, “On the Money?
LIU Students Learn Early or the Hard Way,” claims that post the
launch of LIU Promise, an academic counseling campaign, there
has been little to no support for students on their financial literacy
journey. xviii In fact, several scholarships have been cut or
redirected such as the Yellow Ribbon Fund for Vets
(veterans now have fees over $17,000.00) and the Connelly
Dean Scholarship (only available to freshman and sophomores
now). Due to the consolidation of departments, the career and
financial aid services at LIU have been nightmares to deal with for
both students and workers (but we’ll get to that next.)
In Jessica Phillips article, she highlights what the
Accounting Society advisor, Myrna Fischman, offers as advice,
“practice moderation.” While saving your earnings early is
essential when it comes to the many bills we will be (or already
have been) receiving out in the real world, I am concerned with the

lack of scrutiny there is on the rise in tuition and lowering of
scholarships/financial aid.
As of this year, required fees for students have risen in
various fields. For example, if you are a health-profession student
you are required to pay for health insurance. As of Fall semester of
2015, the Student Health Insurance has increased by
approximately $700.00 since last year making students pay over
$2,000.00. Not only have course fees risen, but Lydia R. Carter,
director of Enrollment Services at the Brooklyn Campus,
“estimated that the flat tuition rate has increased from the 20132014 academic year to the 2014-2015 academic year by $342.” xix
Students are paying over $15,000.00 per semester unless they
have a scholarship. In the same article, Phillips writes “cutbacks to
Federal Financial Aid in recent years –along with the lack of a
steady stream of scholarship opportunities – have made it much
tougher for students at LIU.” xx
These issues are not only happening at LIU. There
is a corporate, greedy, monetary takeover of our right to
be educated.
The campaign pool website, DoSomething.org comprised a
list entitled, 11 Facts About College Debt, that may give you some
perspective on just how national student debt really is:
“1. As of Oct. 2012, the average student loan debt for the class of 2011
was $26,600. xxi
2. Americans owe more in student loan debt than credit card debt. xxii
3. In 2012, the percentage of students who graduated with student loan
debt from four-year colleges reached 71%. xxiii
4. Private lenders control approximately 15% of the over $1 trillion in
outstanding student loan debt held nationwide. xxiv


5. Of the 37 million borrowers who have outstanding student loan
balances, 14% or 5.4 million borrowers, have at least one student loan
account that isn’t paid on time. xxv
6. The majority of borrowers who are still paying back their loans are in
their 30s or older. xxvi
7. 2 in 5 student loan borrowers are delinquent (when you don’t make
loan payments when they’re due) at some point in the first five years of
entering repayment. xxvii
8. About 65% of high-debt student loan borrowers were surprised or
misunderstood aspects of their loans or the borrowing process. xxviii
9. There is now over $8 billion in defaulted private loans (when you
haven’t made a payment on your loan in 9 months and have not made
arrangements with your lender to defer payments) as of 2012. xxix
10. There is approximately $864 billion in outstanding federal student
loan debt, while the remaining $150 billion is in private loans. xxx
11. Student loans are the most common form of increasing debt among
18- to 24-year-olds.” xxxi
Sometimes, the overwhelming ominous cloud of financial
debt over our heads is too much to handle. That’s why there are
people doing something about it.
Rolling Jubilee: http://rollingjubilee.org/
“Rolling Jubilee is a Strike Debt project that buys debt for pennies
on the dollar, but instead of collecting it, abolishes it. Together we
can liberate debtors at random through a campaign of mutual
support, good will, and collective refusal. Our latest project The
Debt Collective aims to build collective power to challenge the way
we finance and access basic necessities such as housing, medical
care and education. Join us as we imagine and create a new world
based on the common good, not Wall Street profits.”

Strike Debt: http://strikedebt.org/
“Strike Debt is building a debt resistance movement. We believe
that most individual debt is illegitimate and unjust. Most of us fall
into debt because we are increasingly deprived of the means to
acquire the basic necessities of life: education, health care, and
housing. Because we are forced to go into debt simply in order to
live, we think it is right and moral to resist it.”
All in the Red: https://www.facebook.com/allinthered
“All in the Red initially emerged as a series of marches expressing
solidarity with the hundreds of thousands of students striking in
Quebec against tuition hikes in 2012. Lack of affordable education
and suffocating debt are even more glaring in the United States,
and similar displays of protest and outrage are becoming
increasingly common. All in the Red calls for a nationwide
network to spread awareness and organize around the issue of
student debt and the wider education crisis through direct action
and popular education… All in the Red calls for free education for
Free University: http://freeuniversitynyc.org/
“The Free University of New York City is an experiment in radical
education and an attempt to create education as it ought to be,
building on the historic tradition of movement freedom schools.
First conceived as a form of educational strike in the run up to
May Day, 2012, the Free University has since organized numerous
days of free crowd-sourced education in community centers,
museums, parks, public spaces, and subway stations in New York
And for those of you who would like to learn more about
organizing against tuition hikes and student debt, I
suggest you take a look at the Quebec Student Movement
of 2012-present.

Say it with me now! I AM NOT A LOAN!

The Attack Against LIU Workers, Teachers, and Unions
Let’s be real. If you read the previous section about your
president, Kimberley Cline, and all the drastic changes she has
made – you should be thinking, that’s messed up. Previously
workers had larger departments dividing up specific positions.
Now LIU workers are bombarded with the tasks of several jobs. As
you can imagine, this is stressful for everyone. While you’re
waiting in that horrendous enrollment services line and becoming
pissed that you’re wasting 30 minutes of your time, just know it’s
not their fault – you can thank President Cline.
Here are some snipets of important articles on the attack against
LIU workers:
From Seawanhaka Press “LIU VS. LOCAL 153: DISPUTE
OVER CONTRACTS” by Noelani Montero, Jervelle Frederick,
and Aris Folley
LIU Brooklyn secretaries and other union members are currently
undergoing a strenuous battle urging the university to renew their
outdated contracts. While now facing financial uncertainty, these
workers refuse to remain silent.
Naterena Parham-Cofield, 41, has been working as an
administrative assistant in the sociology department for 22 years.
Unless LIU negotiates an adequate contract with her union, she
will no longer be able to make ends meet.
The average salary of an LIU Local 153 worker is $37,000. In
2012, negotiations for better contracts began but, with the
University’s new negotiating team (hired in 2013), the workers are
faced with a roadblock.
“This is the first time I’ve ever faced anything like this,” she said.
“[The] first time I’ve ever been without a contract that I’ve been


here—the first time that we can never get an agreement with the
management team. They’re not arguing with us fairly so.”
Parham-Cofield, along with other secretaries and staff, are
members of the Office and Professional Employees International
Union (OPEIU) Local 153. Therefore, they are not considered
faculty and are subject to even more issues.
For the past year, OPEIU Local has been paying a portion of their
250 clerical employees’ health insurance premiums because the
university refuses to pay it or negotiate a salary increase to help
cover those costs, according to a recent NY Daily News article.
“I think the cuts started because the university was having
economic problems. And that was the answer. And over time the
enrollment might have gone up and people were starting to get
raises. Faculty got a 2% raise so why cant’ we get a raise to help
take care of the health care part. It doesn’t make any sense,”
argues Parham-Cofield.
Another OPEIU secretary, who prefers to remain anonymous due
to fear of negative backlash, feels as though she is paying LIU to
“It’s crazy,” she said. “Health care should not be an issue. There’s
no way that we are going to be able to afford it.”
The secretary went on to explain that her entire family is currently
covered by her health insurance. This system, she says, benefits
her family and that the recent conflict is problematic.
“Can you imagine if you are working 35 hours a week? You come
to work everyday and you have children. What is it going to be like
for you as a parent if your child in the middle of the night has a
fever that’s 104 or 105? There’s nothing that you can do for this
child. Or say like this child breaks his arm or her leg and you look
at this child and you say, ‘Mommy can’t help you,’” said the

secretary. “Mommy can’t bring you to the hospital because even
though mommy works five days a week, there’s no insurance for
you baby. I’m sorry. Sit there. Bleed out. Sit there and hopefully
that bone, those bones, will mend back together. Sit there and let
that fever ride out because LIU is not giving mommy any
insurance. But don’t worry, I still have a little bit of money to feed
you.’ No. Unacceptable.”
From Seawanhaka Press “LIU Grappling With Change”
by Noelani Montero
For the first time in 28 years, LIU Brooklyn has undergone major
administrative changes. The school’s new President Kimberly
Cline is the woman behind these alterations.
Changes such as condensing LIU’s public relations department,
flat-rate tuition, and mass firings, students and faculty have
become weary of the school’s current situation. Over the 2013
summer, the Brooklyn Campus’ Public Relations Department was
condensed. PR matters for both campuses are now being handled
from one office located in LIU Post.
Staff from the Brooklyn PR Department was fired. In addition to
the many departments being condensed, many employees have
also been reassigned.
The number of LIU faculty fired is unclear, according to Edward J.
Donahue, the head of the faculty union. Firings have taken place
in the Conolly College Dean’s office, Public Relations,
Advertisement, Admissions, Registrar, Academic Reinforcement
Center, ESL, Secretarial staff and Telephone Services.
“The faculty are completely outraged by it,” he said. “I don’t see
how this won’t impact the school negatively as a whole.”


LGBTQ+ Community on Campus

Image from pinterest.com
Dear LGBTQ+ students,
I am disappointed to inform you that we do not have an
active LGBTQ or GSA club. Though, we do have a barely active
program with a mission statement geared toward reducing
homo/transphobia, hetero-normativity, and making the school a
“safe zone” by increasing awareness of the LGBTQ community
issues and events. The SafeZone Program is a group of
“representatives [that] serve as contacts for individuals on campus
with questions or concerns related to sexual orientation and
gender identity, whether of self or of a friend or family
member.” xxxii If you would like to get involved in the development
of this community on campus, check out their facebook page (link
provided below) or better yet, create an active LGBTQ+ club with
events that engage students and build a community. If you ever
need someone to talk to or feel as though you are being
discriminated for your gender or sexual identity, there are people
who can help you.
Here is a list of resources you can turn to on or near campus that
can help:

LIU SafeZone:
LIU Gender Board: Contact susan.thomas@liu.edu to join the
Gender Studies board. They have lots of resources you can acquire
and occasionally can provide funding if you would like to request
an associated book (such as: The Gay and Lesbian Guide to
College Life by John Baez, Jennifer Howard, Rachel Pepper and
the Staff of the Princeton) for the library or an upcoming project
you have.
LGBTQ Scholarships:
The Gay and Lesbian Anti-Violence Project: 714-1141
Audre Lorde Project (ALP): Located on the 3rd Floor of
147 24th St., Manhattan – off the F
Mission: “The Audre Lorde Project is a Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual,
Two Spirit, Trans and Gender Non Conforming People of Color
center for community organizing, focusing on the New York City
area. Through mobilization, education and capacity-building, we
work for community wellness and progressive social and economic
justice. Committed to struggling across differences, we seek to
responsibly reflect, represent and serve our various communities.”
Ya-Ya Network: Our Mailing Address is:
224 West 29th Street, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10001
Phone: 212 239-0022
Email: info@yayanetwork.org


Mission: “YA-YA is a youth-driven, citywide, anti-racist, antisexist organization and allies with the LGBTQ community. We are
staffed by young activists ages 15-25. We provide core trainings in
anti-oppression, organizing skills and political education then
engage as leaders and active members in campaigns that directly
impact youth, their families and the communities they live in.”

Sexual Harassment/Rape Culture
Brought to you by the New School’s Disorientation Guide:
“Dealing with sexual assault and other types of oppression to
sexual freedom: If a friend tells you they've been sexually assaulted
first ask how they feel, what you can do for them, what they need.
There are number of ways to [support] someone who's raped but this
should be left up to the survivor. A community has many options for
dealing with abusers, ranging from a written apology and agreement to
learn proper consent, to hostility and banishing for serial abusers.
Survivors have often felt that their needs for safety and accountability
are not met by going through the school or police, although some may
find these the best options. As with all kinds of bigotry, sexism,
homophobia, transphobia, and violence towards women are epidemics
in our society that need to be directly combated. In some instances this,
too, could be as simple as having a conversation with a person acting
oppressively, but often may require action.
Consent: Rape and sexual assault most often result from a
breach of consent between two people who know each other. It is
important that sex and intimacy be consensual. Consent is not the
absence of a "no" but the presence of a "yes." Verbal consent is the best
way to achieve this. Before you come into someone's room, sit on their
bed, lean in for a kiss, remove an article of clothing, or reach for a
certain part of the body while making out, ask permission! Always be
aware that a drunk person may not be able to consent, if they say that
something is okay they may not actually feel that way. Give options, for

example: would you like to come to my dorm room or would you rather
I walk you home? Would you like me to go down on you or would rather
go to sleep? Even in situations where it seems like verbal consent isn't
necessary failing to communicate can result in trauma.” xxxiii
Sex Positivity: What is sex positivity? Well, as the Women and
Gender Advocacy Center (WGAC) at Colorado State University puts it,
“As a broad ideology and world view, sex positivity is simply the idea
that all sex, as long as it is healthy and explicitly consensual, is a positive
thing.” xxxiv
Does this mean that people who are sex positive have a lot of sex? Not
necessarily. However, being sex positive is a choice that directly
challenges the misguided norm of having too much sex is trashy. This is
particularly the case for women. In our culture today, men are often
praised by how many sexual partners they have while women are
bombarded with slanders and name-calling – sometimes even when
they haven’t had sex. As you have probably guessed, the name-calling
isn’t so much about whether women are having sex or not, but rather
men and women participating in a power game by belittling another’s
private life. This may be due to the name-caller’s own insecurities or
lack of knowledge on sexual interactions.
Being sex positivity has many benefits and those who consider
themselves sex positive are often very knowledgeable about sex and
safety for themselves and their partners. Those who are sex positive
know that consent from anyone involved must be attained before
engaging in any sexual activity. By always ensuring everyone is
comfortable and ready, sex positive folk are not only respectful of
others sexual experience, but are also in-touch with themselves/their
comfort-zone and know how to voice it.”
What is Rape Culture?

“In feminist theory, rape culture is a setting in which rape is
pervasive and normalized due to societal attitudes about gender
and sexuality. xxxv” – Thanks, Wikipedia.
“In a rape culture, people are surrounded with images, language,
laws, and other everyday phenomena that validate and perpetuate,
rape. Rape culture includes jokes, TV, music, advertising, legal
jargon, laws, words and imagery, that make violence against
women and sexual coercion seem so normal that people
believe that rape is inevitable. Rather than viewing the
culture of rape as a problem to change, people in a rape culture
think about the persistence of rape as ‘just the way things are.’” xxxvi
– Thanks, not Wikipedia.
“Examples of Rape Culture:
- Blaming the victim (“She asked for it!”)
- Trivializing sexual assault (“Boys will be boys!”)
- Sexually explicit jokes
- Tolerance of sexual harassment
- Inflating false rape report statistics
- Publicly scrutinizing a victim’s dress, mental state,
motives, and history
- Gratuitous gendered violence in movies and television
- Defining “manhood” as dominant and sexually
- Defining “womanhood” as submissive and sexually
- Pressure on men to “score”
- Pressure on women to not appear “cold”
- Assuming only promiscuous women get raped
- Assuming that men don’t get raped or that only “weak”
men get raped
- Refusing to take rape accusations seriously


Teaching women to avoid getting raped instead of
teaching men not to rape” xxxvii

Does any of this sound familiar to you? Have you ever experienced
or participated in this culture? Chances are you have and mostly
likely many many many times. Unfortunately, universities across
the nation breed rape culture. In fact, "1 in 5 women has been
sexually assaulted while she's in college." xxxviii Here’s what
you can do to remove yourself from this behavior and help remove
rape culture altogether.
“How can men and women combat Rape Culture?
- Avoid using language that objectifies or degrades
women [
- Speak out if you hear someone else making an offensive
joke or trivializing rape
- If a friend says she has been raped, take her seriously
and be supportive
- Think critically about the media’s messages about
women, men, relationships, and violence
- Be respectful of others’ physical space even in casual
- Always communicate with sexual partners and do not
assume consent
- Define your own manhood or womanhood [or
whateveryouwanthood]. Do not let stereotypes shape
your actions.
- Get involved! Join a student or community group
working to end violence against women.” xxxix
- Start a new culture of equality by being creative with
language, jokes, media, technology, art, music, LIFE.
Base this culture in awareness, consent, and


Racial Discrimination on Campus
by Tyler Musgrave (LIU student)
Racism has left a disgusting wound on humanity. That
wound, has little to no interest of ever healing (at least not
anytime soon). Racism has not just gashed one particular place or
people, but has affected plenty of people worldwide like the true
tyrant it is. The theory of racism colonized in many creative ways;
a brutal idea that has manifested into our “civilized” institutions,
economies, society, and personhood.
I could go on with explaining the history of racism, but
instead… I will leave a list of highly recommended scholars who
have already done a tremendous job telling this important
paradigm of history. Although, I will leave you with this note:
Viewpoints of history are very important to keep in
mind. Hearing history from a 60-year-old White male
historian is very different from learning about it from a
30-something educated Black woman anthropologist.
Know this.
Nowadays, 2015, Racism (both the subject and verb) seems
to have a special ring. Obviously, never a light-hearted matter, but
it seems to become “easier” to call out racism these days: how it
directly affects us (emotionally, inwardly), our relationships, our
school (LIU? WHAT? Yes, it affects us here), our communities, our
country, our livelihoods; and I could go on and on with all the
It’s important to note that racism does not entirely affects
just People of Color (POC) but everyone, Whites too. In this part of
the disguide, we will examine the meaning of racism; Where
does micro and macro aggressions fit into this?; How the
hell to deal?!
Viewer Discretion Advised: Honesty, ahead. Don’t think too
hard, yet.
Hmm. The meaning of racism?


I’m going to acquire three widely accepted definitions of racism:
The United States defines….
1) The US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission says,
“Race discrimination involves treating someone (an applicant or
employee) unfavorably because he/she is of a certain race or
because of personal characteristics associated with race (such as
hair texture, skin color, or certain facial features). Color
discrimination involves treating someone unfavorably because of
skin color complexion. Race/color discrimination also can involve
treating someone unfavorably because the person is married to (or
associated with) a person of a certain race or color or because of a
person’s connection with a race-based organization or group, or an
organization or group that is generally associated with people of a
certain color. Discrimination can occur when the victim and the
person who inflicted the discrimination are the same race or
The United Nations defines,
2) International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Racial Discrimination (ICERD):
“In this Convention, the term "racial discrimination" shall mean
any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race,
color, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose
or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or
exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental
freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other
field of public life.”
I define,
3) Racial discrimination is some fucked up shit that POC
have had to endure since we came out of the womb: the
judgment of our being, our minds, abilities, and
capabilities via the color of our skin. Skin color is something
so permanent and delicate at the same time. Racial discrimination
means always getting the shorter end of the stick and having to put
in 10 times more effort up against the dominant racial group.
Racial discrimination shows up in our daily lives so subtly that it is

normalized within our culture: at school, in the media, in the
neighborhood, at work, within systems like prison, food, and
housing to name a few. And the lack of recognition from the
dominant group that it comes from skews their
perception and attitudes causing most (but not all) the
pain for the receiving group. Racial discrimination is not what
I planned in life but how life was planned for me.
Where does micro and macro aggressions fit into this?
Micro and Macro aggressions are an important role within
racism because these are the physical reactions of racism. Helping
to obtain/ maintain dominant and oppressive behaviors and
structures in our society.
Micro aggressions…
Coined by Harvard University professor, Chester M. Pierce in
1970s during an observational study he conducted on insults
inflicted on African Americans by non-black Americans (i.e.
mostly white people):
Are those brief everyday exchanges that send subliminal messages to
certain individuals because of their racial group, almost like they are
below the level of conscious awareness by the dominant racial groupdefiantly can be argued as not overt and intentional comments (but that
can defiantly be questioned too).

For example, using one out of the many micro aggressions
of racism, colorblindness, or, statements that indicate that
a White person does not want to acknowledge race.
Colorblindness is a micro-aggression that is in statements such as,
“When I look at you, I don’t see color” or “There is only one race,
the human race.”
So what is wrong with these colorblind micro aggressions?
Well, it denies a person of color’s racial/ethnic expressions and, as
a racial/ cultural being. It also denies the reality of our country’s
structural inequality. Human beings have the right to the
ownership of who they want to be and no one else should have
anything to say about it.
Micro aggressions happen all around us, most particularly
within diverse student institutions with lack of hierarchical

diversity, such as LIU Brooklyn. Here’s how a New York Times
article describes it, “A tone-deaf inquiry into an Asian-American’s
ethnic origin. Cringe-inducing praise for how articulate a black
student is. An unwanted conversation about a Latino’s ability to
speak English without an accent (New York Times.).” xl Micro
aggressions are hurtful, easier to come by, build up, and seem
completely “normal.” Eventually, reciprocates of these insults will
become tired and/or reactionary.
Macro aggressions…
Quite similar to micro aggressions, macro aggression has
the ability to be hurtful. Macro aggressions are more within the
structural and systematic realms within our unequal, unjust
society and are the overt and aggressive form of racism.
For example, a professor at LIU had once told me that he
would not allow me to enroll in his graduate school program
course at the UN (after I had just got off the phone with speaking
to him and my academic advisor, about how he would accept my
entrance within the class) because he didn’t think I would be able
to keep up with the course work and the ideas within the class. He
did not ask or know about my academic credentials and abilities.
Naturally, I brought up our recent telephone conversation and he
told me straight up that this conversation was a mistake and
revoked his invitation. I found out 2 months in that two other
students (who so happened to be white) from my class had
enrolled in that very class. One had even dropped his class after a
week and half of enrollment.
This particular professor represented the structure of an
academic institution to which, he was entitled to call the shots in
the graduate program he headed and was not held accountable for
his rejections because, to him, it “made sense.” I had
internalized this rejection quite strongly in my
confidence and capabilities to find support towards
achieving the best opportunities for myself – knowing his
rejection had nothing to do with me but his own
prejudices but still…it was done to intentionally hurt.
Macro aggressions in racism are defiantly more overt and
obvious making it more capable for another person to call out the
inappropriateness but still, the fact that is it still happens in
our “post racial society” (<- complete joke).

How the hell to deal?!
To overcome racial discrimination, micro and macro
aggressions, first you must decide if you are more likely to be on
the receiving end or the giving end of it.
On the giving end of racial discrimination and micro and
macro aggressions means you come from the dominant group
(says society): (1) White (white-passing) Male, and White (whitepassing) woman. There is A LOT of deconstructing, probing, and
difficult work ahead of you – you will feel uncomfortable. But
know that your journey is putting you on the right side of
history (think about that).

Research, reading, learning, and listening to POC’s stories,
experiences, and research on being in America. No one can tell you
more about what POC daily endure (micro and macro aggressions,
racial discrimination etc.) then the people themselves. There is a
lot of good literature out there including, Ta- Nehisi Coates,
Toni Morrison, WEB Dubois, Bell Hooks, ... its honestly a
google: search (2 sec.)… Talking/ listening to your peers within
your academic institution grasping the discrimination that goes on
around you.

Take a class centered among POC but make sure to be
invited within these spaces and treat them as delicate moments.
For example, African Dance is offered at LIU, not only is it a great
aerobic exercise but I have gotten word that the teacher goes far
and beyond to explain and conversing on the topics of
Afrocentricism. As this is an open and accessible space that an
“ally” can access, I would definitely advise doing more listening,
reading, and introspecting within this space keeping in mind that
this space is not necessarily created for you or about you, hence,
African Dance. Africana studies department and intersectional
topic courses on social work and community health are also great

Meet people, talk to people! LIU Brooklyn is one of the
most diverse university institutions in New York City. Engage
people around you from all sorts of backgrounds… be friendly, and
inviting. The honest truth, no one will deny a friendly person
especially, in an intimate space like a classroom. Go out there and
meet your classmates, your neighbors, etc!
On the receiving end of racial discrimination, micro and macro
aggressions means you come from the non-dominant group:


People of Color, black people, brown people, women etc. We must
put up with so much to fight racial discrimination especially, in the
realms of academia. Not only do we have to fight towards an
actual presence but then, once present fight to hold on to
it and try to find articulation to explain this battle/fight.
It’s not an easy task, it will get harder but we must all stand
together for knowing this is for the betterment for all people.

Be tuned in with your inner being and feelings by meditating
sometimes every day with yourself. Calming all the days’ bullshit
and disconnecting it away from your body, mind, and spirit.

Join a POC centered/focused movement, club,
Being around like-minded individuals is good for the mind. LIU
has plenty of groups created by students that create a sense of
community or begin your own group centered on topics that you
believe would benefit you and others. Creating purpose and
conversation within these groups can be plentiful bonding,
motivating, and action-orientated endeavors.

Reach out to your community! Tutor/motivate a
younger person!
To have knowledge is nothing without planting the seeds of your
knowledge for others to grow. Teaching a young person from your
neighborhood can be a very rewarding connection for yourself and
that young person. We must remember that in order for change to
manifest we must plant the right seeds of the attitudes amongst
our youth because at the end of the day, the young people hold the
power of change.

Support Black/People of Color’s excellence and joy
Sports games, science fairs, art and dance shows presenting
personal topics have a special motivation capability and creates a
feeling of community and support for the goodness (because more
often than not, the negative usually has the front line page)

Read, research, share experiences with other
people of color
Create the community by reading about our roots, our
intersections, our stories. Empower your mind.

Do not feel obligated to explain anything you do
not want to

Plain and simple. The only obligation you have is to yourself and
your own piece of mind. There is plenty of reading material out
there for the privileged to access.

Talk to a psychologist
Allowing someone to hear your story and putting yourself out on a
raw table can be meditative and rehabilitating. Knock down the
taboos that psychology is a waste of time, “you can’t knock it
unless you try it,” Really.

Mass Incarceration and the School–to–Prison Pipeline
BY LIU Brooklyn Alumnus
What is Mass Incarceration?
The term mass incarceration refers to the current
phenomenon in the United States, where imprisonment rates have
become extreme, especially among African-Americans and other
people of color (POC) living in underserved communities. xli With
more than 2.2 million people in jail, the United States officially has
become the leading country for largest population of incarcerated
people in the world. xlii
What is the School-to-Prison Pipeline?
“The ‘school-to-prison pipeline’ refers to the policies and
practices that push our nation's schoolchildren, especially our
most at-risk children, out of classrooms and into the juvenile and
criminal justice systems. This pipeline reflects the prioritization of
incarceration over education.” xliii
Though the School-to-Prison Pipeline refers to the
incarceration system reflected in grade school, it is important to
see how it is a system implemented even at the early stages of
childhood development in order to emphasize its continuation into
adult populations, specifically in POC (People of Color) and
underserved communities
Why are these issues important?

When we talk about mass incarceration and the school-toprison pipeline we are talking about the Prison-Industrial
Complex, a term most notably used by human rights activist, Black
Power movement icon, author, and artist, Angela Davis. In her
book, Are Prisons Obsolete?, Davis expands on the origins of the
Prison Industrial Complex, its effects and current incarnation.
… Prison construction and the
attendant drive to fill these new structures
with human bodies have been driven by
ideologies of racism and the pursuit of
profit. The way that the Prison Industrial
Complex affects our society, and you and
me individually, is by serving as a constant
exploitation of People of Color (POC) and
other underserved communities. … The
fact, for example, that many corporations
with global markets now rely on prisons as
an important source of profit helps us to
understand the rapidity with which prisons
began to proliferate precisely at a time
when official studies indicated that the
crime rate was falling. The notion of a
prison industrial complex also insists that
the racialization of prison populations-and
this is not only true of the United States,
but of Europe, South America, and
Australia as well-is not an incidental
feature. xliv
Why should this issue matter to you?
By providing free labor to private companies, prisons and their
administrators are contributing to for-profit models of capitalism
on the backbone of centuries-old racialized structures that stem

from systems of slavery that directly affect the African-American
community as well as other POC.
If you are reading this guide, chances are that you are a
university student. You might be thinking that you have
successfully removed yourself from the system of mass
incarceration by working hard towards bettering your economic
life through your education. However, if you are a POC, live in
underserved communities, and/or are involved in activism in any
way, you are still a target.
We live in a system that works non-stop to disenfranchise
people of color in order to keep power in the hands of a few. One
way of disenfranchising a person is to remove their capacity to
participate in the democratic process. People in prison are not
allowed to vote in any elections. This makes it easier to understand
why the majority of the prison population are African Americans
and other POC.
What can we do to help resolve these issues?
By becoming aware of the importance of these issues and how
they affect our everyday lives, we can work towards the liberation
of unfairly imprisoned people of color, as well as fulling stopping
the pipe-line the exists in communities of color where the majority
of the population is funneled into the prison industrial complex.
The ACLU, as well as other organizations, work to make people
aware of their rights as citizens when faced with criminal charges
and police harassment and brutality. The more people are aware of
their rights the more we can work together to demand the fair
treatment of all underserved and disenfranchised people.
Following movements like the #BlackLivesMatter movement
are a great way to show support even if you are a non-African
American. The strongest way in which we can work against the
oppression and exploitation of all people is by standing in
solidarity and community with those who are the most affected.
We can do this by speaking up against injustices and unfair
treatment we see being directed towards African Americans and

other POC. For example, if you are a white or white passing person
and you see an African American or other POC being harassed by
the police or other authority figure, it is your responsibility to call
attention to this injustice. You can do this by reporting police
misconduct to organizations like Cop Watch and by putting out
the word on social media and through other forms of
There are also options to file reports directly at police
departments, however, most of time this is the most ineffective
way of calling attention to police misconduct because
investigations are done internally, making it easier for police
departments to cover up their colleagues’ actions. As such, going
to an objective party and organization is usually the best way to
insure a fair investigation on the issue.
So remember, by supporting and speaking in favor of
communities and people at risk of falling into the Prison Industrial
Complex we can work towards a healthier form of democracy
based on the fair representation of all citizens and participants.
We are strongest in our numbers; and through awareness, mutual
support, and unified action, we can make our communities safer
for everyone.
Dealing with On Campus Police and Safety Security


Image from bestofunworld.com
Brought to you by: New York City Liberties Union
“Know Your Rights with Police in Schools
You have the right to feel safe and welcome in your school. You
also have rights when you come in contact with the police in
All schools in New York City have police personnel assigned to
them – the NYPD’s school safety division includes around 5,200
school safety officers (SSOs) and police officers. These police
personnel can stop, question, search, handcuff and arrest
students and adults.
If you are stopped by police personnel at school:


Stay cool and calm.
Know that you have the right to remain silent. If you
choose to speak, your words can be used against you.
You can always choose not to speak or answer
questions by saying, “I want to remain silent.”
Keep your hands where the officer can see them.
Don’t run away from an officer.


Don’t resist or interfere with an officer (even if you think
he or she is wrong).
If you're arrested, ask for a lawyer immediately! A
lawyer will be provided for you.
Remember the officer’s badge number and name.
Write down everything you remember as soon as you
can! (Like the officer’s badge number and name)
Try to find witnesses. Get their names and phone
If you are hurt, get medical attention! Take photos of
the injuries as soon as possible.

A search is when an officer looks through your belongings or your
pockets to find evidence of a crime or broken rule. Police officers
and SSOs can search you, but that depends on certain things.
To search you or your belongings (like your bag), a school
safety officer must have reasonable suspicion* to believe that
you broke a school rule or committed a crime, and the extent of
the search must be related to the reason that you are being
*Reasonable suspicion is a belief that you broke a school rule
or criminal law. The belief must be based on facts the school
safety officer knows about you. It cannot be based on a feeling, a
rumor, the color of your skin or the clothes you are wearing. You
can’t be searched just because the school safety officer thinks that
you "look like" a drug dealer.
For example, an officer cannot search your pockets if he or she
suspects that you stole a computer from school. The reason is
that you can't hide a computer in your pocket, and the search
(going through your pockets) must be related to the crime or rule
violation that you are being suspected of committing (stealing a
If an officer asks to search you or your bags, you can say: I DO
NOT CONSENT TO THIS SEARCH. Saying this may not stop the

search, but it’s the best way to protect your rights in case you are
No matter what, DO NOT resist or fight the officer! Resisting could
get you arrested.
School safety officers need to get the principal’s permission before
searching you and your things, unless it’s an emergency situation.
For example, if a school safety officer thinks that you have a knife
and you’re about to use it, he or she does not need the principal's
permission to try to find the knife.
You should only be searched by a school safety officer of the
same sex as you, unless there is no alternative.
School safety officers and school employees are not allowed
to strip search you, EVER. If you are ever asked to take off
clothes, other than coats or shoes, contact the NYCLU
It is your choice whether or not to speak to an officer. If you do
speak, everything you say can be used against you in a
suspension hearing and in court. You never have to answer
questions. Remember to be polite even when you don’t want to
answer questions. Tell the officer that you want to remain silent.
Police personnel are not permitted to question you during school
about events that have nothing to do with school, except in an
emergency. For example, if your friend stole something from a
store, the police cannot take you out of class to question you.
You can be arrested in school, but only if an officer has probable
cause to believe that you committed a crime.
Probable cause means that the officer knows facts (not a rumor or
guess) that lead him or her to believe that it is more likely than not

that you committed a crime. For example, an officer can arrest you
if she saw you steal a computer from the school.
Never resist an arrest or fight an officer. Be smart about
protecting your rights, even if you are frustrated, scared or
If you are arrested, the officer most likely will place handcuffs on
you. In most cases, an officer should avoid handcuffing you in
front of your classmates. They should take you to a semi-private
area, like the principal’s office, before putting you in handcuffs.
The school must tell your parent that you were arrested, no
matter how old you are.
If your parent or guardian isn't available, someone from the
school staff who was not involved in the incident should go
with you to the police station. The staff person should stay with
you until your parent arrives.
You can file a complaint if a school safety officer or police officer:
* Physically assaults you (punching, kicking, slapping, hair pulling)
* Curses at you
* Touches you inappropriately or makes inappropriate comments
* Makes negative comments about your race, religion, gender,
accent, national origin or sexual orientation
* Disrespects you
To make a complaint about a school safety officer, contact the
Internal Affairs Bureau of the NYPD by calling 311.
To make a complaint about a police officer, contact the Civilian
Complaint Review Board by calling 311 or visiting
Be ready to describe where and when the incident happened,
the officer's name, badge number and physical description,

and what took place. You can make a complaint even if you
don’t know all of these details.
You should also tell your [president] about the incident.
Contact the New York Civil Liberties Union:
We cannot assist in every situation but we can sometimes help
with your case, your suspension hearing or trouble with the police.
By letting us know what’s going on in your school, you can help us
help other young people. If you or someone you know is
mistreated by an SSO or police officer, contact us:
* Call 212-607-3300.
* Email us at PoliceInSchools@nyclu.org.
* Visit www.nyclu.org.
* Mail us a letter at 125 Broad Street, 19th Floor, New York, NY
If you were arrested and do not have a lawyer, contact the
Legal Aid Society at 212-577-3300.” xlv

Israel and Palestine Controversy and the Lack of Academic
As stated directly from its petition: “Professor of English,
Harriet Malinowitz, has been denied a sabbatical (study leave) at
Long Island University-Brooklyn for her research on Zionism and
Propaganda—and the university administration, overriding faculty
recommendations, refuses to state a reason.
Sabbaticals are rarely denied, and colleagues in her own
department with much sparser publication records have been
granted sabbaticals (and even tenure), strongly suggesting that
her proposal received discriminatory treatment. Their motives
appeared even more suspect when, after the union took it on, they
offered to give her the sabbatical after all—but only on the
condition that she take early retirement immediately

afterward and agree that the deal ‘not be used or introduced
as evidence’ in the future. She refused this offer.
This appears to be just the latest attack on academic freedom
for scholars who challenge conventional wisdom and raise
thorny questions about Israel and Palestine. It also seems to
be the latest attempt by a struggling, tuition-driven private
institution to put intellectual values on the back burner while it tries
to build up its donor base.”
For more information or to support by signing the petition, see:

A Silver Lining for the Disoriented

this event
that happens where the wonders of biology and electricity sync to
create a palpitation that lives on its own, encompassed by a cage
and a soft shell – this is life. You are born and thrown into a flurry

of surroundings that have been established for centuries. You feel
high, confused, dazed, bewildered, and terrified – you don’t realize
how much weight is carried in the choices you make until you can
reflect present thought unto the past. Sometimes you must reflect
the present onto a past that is not your own. The weight of
experience can add up quickly and at times, can leave you
motionless – but that palpitation in its cage beats on, pulsing
through your whole body a message of determined movement –
your innards’ innate sense to live on. And even when it all seems
unbearable, it is thoughts and feelings of inspiration from essences
that seem so far outside yourself, but are everything you are made
of that will carry you onward.
You’re alive and that’s actually really f**king cool.
In the words of the musical goddess, Nina Simone, “And
what have I got? Why am I alive anyway? Yeah, what have I got
nobody can take away? Got my hair, got my head! Got my brains,
got my ears! Got my eyes, got my nose! Got my mouth, I got my
smile! I got my tongue, got my chin! Got my neck, got my boobs!
Got my heart, got my soul! Got my back, I got my sex! I got my
arms, got my hands! Got my fingers, got my legs! Got my feet, got
my toes! Got my liver, got my blood! I've got life, I've got my
freedom! I've got the life!”
Enough of the pep-talk. When the going gets tough, know
that you have resources. Is the issue school-related? Talk to ASJ,
or Brandon Stokes, the president of Student Government, go to
the senate meetings, get your voice heard, and make a difference!
Don’t be afraid to ask questions or make demands, even when it
seems like there is nothing more to ask or do – think hard about
what could be information could be missing and who can help you.
To finish off we will end with an article from Seawanhaka Press
by the president of ASJ, Ashura Hughley.

A call for individuals to be socially conscious.
In the wake of the murder of Michael Brown, an unarmed African
American teenager, by white police officer Darren Wilson, the
people of Ferguson, Missouri along with national and international
supporters stood against racism.
They opposed police brutality, recharging the mass movement for
racial justice and equality.
The insistent protests have put pressure on authorities to charge
Wilson and replace prosecutor Bob McCulloch.
If charged, Wilson will be the first police officer—out of 33 officers
prosecuted since 1991—charged with killing a “suspect” in St.
Louis County in more than two decades.
The mass protests and solidarity marches created the potential for
change in a system that protects police officers who murder.
Historically, mass movements have always provided the elements
for change. For example, the 1934 Teamsters strike and labor
movement stood for the right of workers to unionize and strike for
economic equality.
The 1963-64 civil rights movement stood for racial equality and
the desegregation of the south. The 1960s and 70s feminist
movement stood for social, political, and economic equality for
As a master student in social work—a field that demands that one
possess a heart for the people—I am taught the six core values of
social work. Social justice is one of those values. The essential
definition of social justice is to promote social change, diversity,
human equality, and the fair distribution of wealth. This is done to
challenge injustice.
Students have the ability to dissect the world today and move for a
call to action.
Lessons from the past show that students have been the front line
in the fight for social justice. Take a look at the Students for a
Democratic Society (SDS) that helped lead the student Vietnam
anti-war movement on college campuses. They called for
“participatory democracy.”
Today, students could lead the charge in opposition to an overall
system that creates distractions and uses media images to paint a
picture of students as unresponsive.
It appears that students are more concerned with pop-culture
celebrities, social status, obtaining a high paying job, and getting a

piece of the American pie—however small it is. This is done while
overlooking a neighbor in need. Students are written off as
apathetic to social injustice.
Part of the educational system functions in a way in which to
exacerbate supposed student “apathy,” to divert attention away.
This is done in order to further push students from diagnosing and
curing the illness of social injustice.
Students are bombarded with busy work, while managing financial
and familial responsibilities. Students become incapacitated and
unable to find the time to act.
“If you don’t make the time to change things, things will never
change,” said Sara Jaramillo, an LIU student in the master of
social work program.
It is through a dialectical process, mass movement, and student
organizing that students are able to analyze and articulate the
institutional arrangements that create social injustice. It is then
that they can act to make social change.
Once we (students) are able to ignore the flashing lights, bells,
and whistles of a secure job after graduation—that is not
promised—we can see the reality in the present to act. Students
can then consciously decide to make time for action and stand for
mass movement and social change.
Students will then be able to stand for worker’s rights to earn a
living wage, women’s rights to access contraception through the
Affordable Health Care Act and the Human Rights for
undocumented immigrants.
We will also consider standing for the self-determination of
Palestine as well as the social and economic liberation of Black
people—and much more.
Believing and having faith in the values we are taught in our
professions will not be enough.
As stated in the Bible, “Faith without works are dead,” we must
Have you ever heard the quote, “If you don’t stand for something
you will fall for anything”? To know what you stand for sometimes
requires you to know what you stand against.
The first step would be to acquire knowledge on a topic and then
converse with your peers. Taking a stance would be the next
move, followed by taking action.
Wake up and join a movement. xlvi

LIU Psychiatric Services: Talking to someone can help and our
psychiatric services are 100% free, so might as well take advantage of
them while you can. Go to the 5th Floor of the Pratt building, Rm. 510
to sign up or call 718-488-1266. Hours: Monday: 9 am to 4 pm/Tuesday:
11 am to 4 pm/Thursday: 9 am to 4 pm/Friday: 10 am to 3pm
SGA (Student Government Alliance)
LIU Brooklyn Community
LIU Brooklyn Residence Life and Housing
LIU Brooklyn ARC Tutoring Center
LIU Brooklyn Library
LIU Brooklyn Promise
Student Life and Leadership Development:
Radical/Independent Bookstores in NYC…
Bluestockings - 172 Allen St., nr. Stanton St.; 212-777-6028
Community Bookstore - 143 Seventh Ave., nr. Garfield Pl., Park
Slope; 718-783-3075


McNally Jackson - 52 Prince St., near Mulberry St.; 212-274-1160
Three Lives & Company - 154 W. 10th St., at Waverly Pl.; 212-7412069
Word - 126 Franklin St., at Milton St., Greenpoint; 718-383-0096
Mayday Books - open afternoons, in Theater for the New City. 155 1st
Activism Info:
Activists IV Social Justice @ LIU – check out pg.3
People’s Power Assemblies (PPA) Wednesday meetings 7-9pm 147 24th
St., New York
“Desis Rising Up and Moving (DRUM). Radical South Asian group.
Student Liberation Action Movement (SLAM). Defends open education
at Hunter College and elsewhere. (212) 772-4261
ABC NO RIO. A squat cum community center, with lots of concerts and
organizing resources. Food Not Bombs cooks here. 156 Rivington.
www.anarcho-nyc.net . Connections to various NYC anarchist groups.
Spring collective has a hotline: (212) 252-6821
Critical Resistance East. Fighting private prisons and needless
incarceration. www.criticalresistance.org/creast
Coalition for the Human Rights of Immigrants. Currently
fighting arbitrary immigrant detentions.
National Action Network. Al Sharpton's organization
fighting gentrification and police brutality. 1941
Madison Avenue, 2nd Floor. (212) 987-5020
dumba. Queer anarchist performance, art, and activist
space. 57 Jay St. Brooklyn. (718) 390-6606
Youth Activists, Youth Allies. Maintains info on events
and city groups. 250 West 57th Street #820. (212) 5816922 http://www.youthlink.org/yaya
Nkiru Center. Black community center founded by Talib


Kweli and Mos Def. 732 Washington Ave. Brooklyn.
(718) 783-6306.
Indymedia Center. 34 East 29th St. 2nd floor. (212) 6848112 nyc.indymedia.org
WBAI. Pro-peace radio, a Pacifica affiliate. 99.5fm,
Animal Defense League. Contact benjamin@vegfl.com
People's Law Collective. Legal observers who support
activists. Call (917) 807-0658 if you're arrested in action.
National Lawyer's Guild NYC. (212) 679-6018
nyc@nlg.org, or try the Columbia chapter at x4-2395,
or the NYU chapter at www.law.nyu.edu/studentorg/
nlg.html” xlvii
Tips for Organizers:
Comic – Dos and Don’ts for the Dudley Organizer by Robin Markle
Short Film – Building Movements without Shedding Difference by Alicia
Garza (co-creator of the Black Lives Matter Movement)
Know Your Rights/Labor Movement:
Article – Students: Know Your Rights by American Civil Liberties Union
of Massachusettes
List of “Know Your Rights” Cards by New York City Liberties Union
99 Pickets – Labor Worker’s Movement
Other Disorientation Guides:
Columbia Disguidehttp://www.columbia.edu/cu/cssn/disguide/disguide02.pdf


New School - http://www.campusactivism.org/servernew/uploads/newschool_disorientationguide_2009.pdf
NYU - http://www.campusactivism.org/servernew/uploads/2008disguidefinal.pdf


Jeffries, Sienna. "FOR NEW LIU
LIU Brooklyn Seawanhaka Press.
Seawanhaka Press, 23 Oct. 2014.
Web. 31 Aug. 2015.
xiiixiii Ibid.
xiv Schneiderman, Eric T. "Worker's
Rights Frequently Asked
Questions." Worker's Rights
Frequently Asked Questions.
Attorney General Eric T.
Scheidnerman, 2015. Web. 05
Sept. 2015.
xv Ibid.
xvi Anonymous Contributer. "Labor
Movement." History.com. A&E
Television Networks, 2015. Web.
05 Sept. 2015.
xvii "36 Reasons Why You Should
Thank a Union." Union Plus. Union
Plus, 2015. Web. 05 Sept. 2015.
xviii Phillips, Jessica. "ON THE
Seawanhaka Press LIU Brooklyn
RSS. Seawanhaka Press, 22 Nov.
2014. Web. 05 Sept. 2015.
xix Jeffries, Sienna. "FOR NEW LIU
LIU Brooklyn Seawanhaka Press.
Seawanhaka Press, 23 Oct. 2014.
Web. 31 Aug. 2015.
xx Ibid.
xxi Project on Student Debt.
"Student Debt and the Class of
2011." Insitutie for College Access
and Success. Accessed April 28,
xxii Federal Reserve Bank of New
York. "Student Loan Debt by Age
Group." Federal Reserve Bank of
New York. Accessed February 11,
xxiii The Institute for College Access
& Success. "Quick Facts about
Student Debt."The Institute for
College Access & Success.
Accessed February 17, 2015. .

Rossi, Andrew. "How American
Universities Turned Into
Corporations." Time. Time, 22 May
2014. Web. 31 Aug. 2015.
ii Ibid.
iii Ibid.
ivPrahalad. "What Is Industrial
Relations, Concept of Industrial
Relations." Naukri Hub. N.p., 30
June 2015. Web. 01 Sept. 2015.
v Anonymous. "Master of Business
Administration." Wikipedia.
Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web.
07 Sept. 2015.
vi Jeffries, Sienna. "FOR NEW LIU
LIU Brooklyn Seawanhaka Press.
Seawanhaka Press, 23 Oct. 2014.
Web. 31 Aug. 2015.
vii "Interview with SGA." Interview by
viii Duncan, Caitlin, Andy, Beet,
Julia, Z., Nate Maton, Andres
Garcia, Martin Gomez, Kate Fritz,
Maggie Craig, and Cathryn Swan.
"NYU Disorientation Guide 2008."
(2008): n. pag. Campus Activism.
NYU, Aug. 2008. Web. 31 Aug.
ix Columbia Student Solidarity
Network. "Columbia Disorientation
(2002-2003): n. pag. Campus
Activism. Columbia Student
Solidarity Network, Aug. 2002.
Web. 25 Aug. 2015.
x Anonymous Contributer. "How to
Help Your College Student Use the
College Appeal Process
Effectively." College Parent Central
RSS. College Parent Central, 05
July 2010. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
xi Ibid.


Consumer Financial Protection
Bureau . "Private Student Loans."
kcfpb/567/should-i-choose-federalstudent-loans-or-private-studentloans.html (Accessed February 10,
xxv Lorin, Janet. "Student Loan
Delinquency Reached $85 Billion in
Third Quarter." Bloomberg
Business. Accessed February 17,
2015. .
xxvi Nelson, Libby A. "Aging Student
Debtors." Inside HigherEd.
Accessed February 17, 2015.
xxvii Institute for Higher Education
Policy. "Just How many Student
Loan Borrowers are Delinquent?."
Institute for Higher Education
Policy. Accessed February 17,
2015. .
xxviii NASFAA. "Report Suggests
More Counseling Needed for HighDebt Borrowers." National
Association of Student Financial
Associations. Accessed February
17, 2015. .
xxix Consumer Financial Protection
Bureau. "Annual Report of the
CFPB Student Loan." Consumer
Financial Protection Bureau.
Accessed February 17, 2015. .
xxx Day, Richard. "Student Loan
Debt." Kentucky School News and
Commentary. Accessed February
17, 2015. .
xxxi Smith, Vanessa. "Costs of
College Exist Long after
Graduation." The Marlin Chronicle.
Accessed February 17, 2015.
xxxii"SafeZone Program - LIU
Brooklyn." Facebook. LIU Brooklyn
SafeZone, 2007. Web. 07 Sept.

New School Students. "How to
Help Your College Student Use the
College Appeal Process
Effectively." College Parent Central
RSS. College Parent Central, 05
July 2010. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
xxxivWomen and Gender Advocacy
Center. "Sex Positivity." Colorado
State University WGAC. Colorado
State University, 2008-2015. Web.
24 Aug. 2015.
xxxvAnonymous Contributer. "Rape
Culture." Wikipedia. Wikimedia
Foundation, n.d. Web. 07 Sept.
xxxvi"Rape Culture." FORCE:
Upsetting the Culture of Rape.
FORCE, n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2015.
xxxvii"Rape Culture." Womens
Center. Marshall University, n.d.
Web. 01 Sept. 2015.
xxxviii Smith, Starita. "The Rape
Culture on College Campuses Must
End." The Progressive. The
Progressive, n.d. Web. 01 Sept.
xxxix“Rape Culture." Womens
Center. Marshall University, n.d.
Web. 01 Sept. 2015.

Vega, Tanzina. "Students See
Many Slights as Racial
‘Microaggressions’." The New York
Times. The New York Times, 21
Mar. 2014. Web. 01 Sept. 2015.
Contributor, Anonymous A.
"Mass Incarceration - Criminology Oxford Bibliographies - Obo."
Oxford Bibliographies. Oxford
Bibliographies, 24 Apr. 2012. Web.
07 Sept. 2015.


Contributor, Anonymous A.
"Mass Incarceration." American
Civil Liberties Union. American Civil
Liberties Union, 2015. Web. 07
Sept. 2015.
Contributor, Anonymous A.
"What Is the School-to-Prison
Pipeline?" American Civil Liberties
Union. American Civil Liberties
Union, 2015. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
Davis, Angela Y. "The Prison
Industrial Complex." Are Prisons
Obsolete? New York: Seven
Stories, 2003. 84-85. E-Pub.


Card: Know Your Rights
with Police in Schools | New York
Civil Liberties Union (NYCLU) American Civil Liberties Union of
New York State." New York City
Liberties Union. NYCLU, n.d. Web.
01 Sept. 2015.
xlviHughley, David. "STAND FOR
SOMETHING." Seawanhaka Press
LIU Brooklyn RSS. Seawanhaka
Press, 06 Oct. 2014. Web. 05 Sept.
xlvii Columbia Student Solidarity
Network. "Columbia Disorientation
(2002-2003): n. pag. Campus
Activism. Columbia Student
Solidarity Network, Aug. 2002.
Web. 25 Aug. 2015.


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