University of California Berkley Disorientation Guide - 2008

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University of California Berkley Disorientation Guide - 2008

Date

2008

Place

Berkeley, California

extracted text

welcome.
c ald i s or ie ntat ion.or g

So you think you know who we are: dirty-ganja-smoking-dreadlocked-anarchisthippies who like to run things by Consensus (even though we all objected to at least
one word in this sentence). We couldn't agree on an introduction (none of the ones
submitted had the right energy) so we lit some incense, sang some songs and
meditated on it. We decided that instead of using this space to dictate our opinions that's what the rest of the guide does anyway - we would use it to tell you how
we put this guide together.
STEP 1. We got a group of disgruntled students and community members together.
STEP 2. We emailed everyone we knew and asked them to submit articles or art.
STEP 3. No one responded. We re-emailed everyone we knew and asked them
to submit articles or art.
STEP 4. We posted all of the articles to a wiki and began to edit.
STEP 5. Half of our collective left for Mexico. The other half panicked.
STEP 6. We downloaded Scribus, an open source layout program, and
spent a gazillion million hours laying out the articles for print, and
there are still spelling erors.
STEP 7. We printed the guide ourselves (by hand!) at the all-volunteer
Bay Area Alternative Press.
HEY LOOK! WHOA! We told you how we put the guide together and
there's still hella room... Apparently we ARE going to share our
political opinions and tell you what motivated us to write this
guide.
We feel that there is currently a disconnect between how the
University currently functions and how it would need to function in
order to serve the social, environmental, spiritual and psychological
needs of its students, faculty, staff and community members.
Currently it operates like a machine instead of an organism. A
machine has separate, inanimate and unchanging mechanical parts
that were created separately and serve fundamentally distinct
purposes. An organism is also composed of many parts but they are
alive, constantly changing and function interdependently. Our
University currently operates as an economic machine. Students,
taxpayers and corporations pay money for job training and research.
Departments exist in isolated enclaves, rarely interacting with one
another, and the courses offered by many of these departments treat
students (often only known by their student ID numbers) as isolated
units. They are evaluated numerically and expected to race through the
system as efficiently as possible in order to get corporate jobs. What if
the University was, instead, structured like an ecosystem where the rains
of wisdom watered the diverse thirst of its community for meaning,
connection and self-empowerment? What would it take to transition
the University from its current condition to its glorious future?
Hmmm... let us know what you think. Our website is a wiki, so visit
www.caldisorientation.org and edit or post articles. We'd also love for you to
get involved in any or all of the steps toward making the 2009 guide: contact
us at collective@caldisorientation.org.

Love and Rage,
the Disorientation Collective.

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Cal, the University

Cal and its Environment
Urban Ag ricultu re at Berkeley p. 6
T he A lbany Bulb p. 7
You r Local Stream p. 16
W here's You r Water Come F rom? p. 22

Local History
Oh lone: the First People of Berkeley p. 2
People's Histor y of People's Park p. 3
Student Movements at Berkeley pp. 32-35

The Whole Student
Sex in T h ree Parts p. 11
T he Cal Spirit p. 17
Prog ressive Education at Cal p. 22
Berkeley F ree Clinic p. 25
T he Student Co-ops p. 25
A lternative Mentrual Products p. 26
Ad mission to Paradise or Babylon? p.28
Biking in Berkeley p. 36
F ree T hings to Do p. 37

Breakin’ it Down
Understanding Neoliberalism p. 14
Fair Trade not F ree Trade p. 15
Question naire for Heterosexuals p. 23
Nonviolence p. 27
K now You r Rights p. 29
W hite Privilege Checklist p. 31

The Struggle Continues
Save Memorial Oak Grove! p. 4
T he Santa Cru z Treesits p. 5
W hich Union Was T hat Again? p. 10
Stop the War! Stop the Spying! p. 20
Food Not Bom bs p. 21
T he Phoeni x Coalition to F ree the UC p. 24
Students for Justice in Palestine p. 28

c ald i s or ie ntat ion.or g

Who Runs Our University? Meet "the Regents" p. 12
Democratizing the Regents: Past, Present, and Future p. 13
Nuclear Reaction: UC and the Bom b p. 18
Energ y Biosciences: the corporate invasion p. 8
Cor porate Campus Map p. 30

T h e r e ' s m o r e a r t i c l e s a n d li n k s f o r t h e s e a r t i c l e s i n t h e
o n li n e v e r s i o n , c a l d i s o r i e n t a t i o n . o r g . I t ' s a w i k i , s o y o u c a n
w r i t e y o u r o w n a r t i c l e s . . . a n d m a y b e w e / y o u w ill p u b li s h
t h e m n e x t y e a r ! I f y o u w a n t t o h e l p p u b li s h , c o n t a c t u s a t
c o ll e c t i v e @ c a l d i s o r i e n t a t i o n . o r g .
Ev e r y t hin g h e r e i s co p y l e f t e d u nl e s s o t h e r w i s e n o t e d ,
s o u s e w h a t e v e r i s n ' t c r e di t e d h o w e v e r y o u w a n t . M o s t
o f t h e a r t i c l e s w e r e w r i t t e n co ll e c t i v e l y . T h a n k s t o
e v e r y o n e w h o co n t r ib u t e d , in clu din g a d a m , a d a m , a l e x i s ,
a l f r e d , a m a n d a , a n ni e , a y r , b , b r i t t a n y , e l o n , h o u s t o n ,
j e r li n a , j o e l , k e i t h , l a u r e n , l e e , t h e e l v e s o f l o t hl o r i e n ,
m a r c e ll a , m a r c e l o , m a r i s a , m a t t h e w , p a n c h o , p a u l , p e t e r ,
r e b e c c a , s h a r i t a , a n d w ill . M a n y t h a n k s t o B A A P a n d y e r k
a n d t e c h ni c a l w i z a r d s K i f l e a n d A l f r e d o . . . b u t a n y in k y
f in g e r p r in t s a r e o u r o w n . I n s p ir a t i o n a n d co n t e n t s p r u n g
f r o m t h e B a r r i n g t o n Co l l e c t i v e a n d t h e U C S C D i s O
c r e w. . . a n d m o r e p e o p l e t h a t w e f o r g o t !

1

Ohlone: The First People of Berkeley

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efore the arrival of Spanish explorers, Central
California had the densest population of native
inhabitants north of Mexico. From Monterey Bay to the San
Francisco Bay, the people collectively known as the Ohlone
lived along the coast in more than forty tribes with many
different languages. For thousands of years these groups
relied on hunting, fishing, and gathering fruits and
vegetables to survive.
When the Spanish first arrived in the 18th century, they
were generally well received by the Ohlone. Soon after,
however, the Spanish built six missions to deliver the
natives to Christ, as well as to integrate them into a system
of colonial order that exploited their labor. The Ohlone
living in the Yelamu territory, as well as those to the south
and east of this territory, entered into Mission Dolores
between the years of 1777 and 1787; either voluntarily or by
violent force.

Of the 20,000 Ohlone who lived in the
San Francisco and Monterey Bay areas
before the missions were built, fewer
than 2,000 were left by 1810
The Spanish missions had a devastating effect on Ohlone
life, language, and culture. Of the 20,000 Ohlone who lived
in the San Francisco and Monterey Bay areas before the
missions were built, fewer than 2,000 were left by 1810. In
the missions, the death rate was greater than the birth rate,
which was abnormally low due to disease and the
mistreatment of women. The babies that were born did not
have much to look forward to -- the mean life expectancy of
an infant born within the mission was a mere 1.7 years. Life
inside the missions was less than idyllic. The Ohlone's
religious and cultural practices, along with the use of their
native languages, were at first restricted, and then forbidden.
The Ohlone were often flogged, beaten, or shackled for
minor infractions.
onditions were even worse for the women of the
tribes. All unmarried women over five years of age
lived separately from their families in barracks called
monjerios. These barracks often lacked windows and were
only opened two to three times a day to allow the girls to
pass to and from church. The conditions of the monjerios
were overcrowded and filthy, which increased the death
rates of the women and soon created a gender imbalance in
the mission. In 1795, general discontent with mission
conditions led to a staged escape from Mission Dolores.
Over 200 Ohlone abandoned the mission; 83 were later
captured and returned by the military. After the mass
desertion, the governor launched a formal military
investigation of the mission conditions, which reported there
to be excessive labor, forced labor projects, an insufficient

amount of food and extreme cruelty. Again in 1820,
discontented Ohlone arose, this time in arms, at Mission
Dolores. Indigenous resistance combined efforts with
runaways and natives from villages that had been taken by
Spanish forces.
The mission also had a profound effect on the surrounding
environment. The introduction of European stock animals,
particularly cattle, seriously depleted and trampled native
vegetation. This destruction of native resources and foods,
in combination with imported diseases, caused the collapse
of villages that formerly functioned independently.
he Ohlone Way, by Malcolm Margolin, shows you
their villages, shellmounds, and herds of antelope.
Another glimpse of Native American life is given by
Thomas Jefferson Mayfield in Adopted by Indians, who
was raised by a Choinumne tribe in the 1850's amongst the
still-plentiful swamps and marshes of the Central Valley.
Today, the Bay Street Mall in Emeryville sits atop an
Ohlone Shellmound burial ground. Long thought to have
been destroyed, the Shellmound was rediscovered during
construction. Despite protest, construction continued, and
the artifacts and remains were covered over once again.
There is currently a small park as a memorial to the
Shellmound. For a movie on this history, check out
shellmoundthemovie.com
The Ohlone peoples’ struggle continues. Federal forces,
backed by so-called “experts”, refuse to acknowledge the
Muwekma Ohlone Tribe and deny the few surviving
members official recognition. The government’s negligent
treatment of the tribe is based upon incorrect or misguided
findings about the various subgroups collectively known as
the “Ohlone”. They have gone as far as to declare the tribe
“extinct”, refusing to recognize a people whose members
have served the United States in both World Wars.
Meanwhile, the UC continues to distort evidence of burial
grounds at sites set for construction (see page 4). For the
tribe’s views on the issue visit muwekma.org

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Image: San Mateo County Office of Education

A People's History
of People's Park
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Despite this promise,
early in the morning of
May 15, 250 police
officers were sent in,
tearing up plants and
building an 8-foot chain
link fence around the
park. Governor Ronald
Reagan told the SF
Chronicle that morning
that "If there has to be a
bloodbath, then let's get
it over with." Angered at
the sudden break in
negotiations,
several
thousand people gathered at
noon on Sproul Plaza in what
became a rally against the fence.
When police cut the sound system
in the middle of the rally, a
spontaneous march down Telegraph
towards the park began.
s the crowd reached People’s Park and
swelled to 6000 people, someone in
the crowd opened a fire hydrant, and rocks
were thrown at the police (in full riot gear)
as they attempted to shut it off. The police
responded by firing tear gas into the crowd.
The crowd did not disperse, and 800 more
police from surrounding districts were called
in. Some officers resorted to firing shotguns
loaded with 00 buckshot, which hit two
rooftop bystanders, killing James Rector and
blinding Alan Blanchard. As the crowd
dispersed, police pursued and continued
firing, leaving hundreds with gunshot
wounds.
The day after the shootings, despite
the opposition of the City Council,
3,000 National Guard troops were
called in to occupy Berkeley. A curfew
was imposed and a ban on public
assembly was put into force. On May
21, several thousand gathered on Sproul
Plaza for a memorial Rector's memorial.
Suddenly, the National Guard
surrounded the crowd with bayonets,
preventing anyone from leaving, and
Building the park, 1969.

ying just east of Telegraph between
Haste and Dwight, People’s Park has a
turbulent and inspiring history. What is
today a green community space was in early
1969 just a muddy parking lot.
The site that is now People's Park was
acquired by the University in 1967, with the
plan to convert it into student housing or
parking. However, after demolishing the
buildings on the site, the space sat an empty
eyesore, so in April 1969 community
members decided to turn it into a park.
The hundreds of people worked hard
putting down sod, building a children's
playground, and planting trees were excited
to be doing something for themselves.
Working without a master plan, those who
showed up on April 20 and over the ensuing
weeks simply helped out as they wanted to:
building a playground, a pond, planting
trees, or providing music or food. From the
start the ideal was one of “user
development” – the people were building
the park for themselves, without the
direction of the university or city planners.
Seizing the land from the University for
legitimate public use was and is in the spirit
of the park.
eception to the park was generally
good: students, residents, and
merchants were pleased with the
community efforts to improve the area. In a
campus referendum held at the time,
Berkeley students voted 12,719 to 2,175 in
favor of keeping the park. On May 6, the
Chancellor promised that nothing would be
done without warning.

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donned their gas masks.
Helicopters overhead sprayed
the helpless crowd with CS
tear gas.
erkeley students and
residents
were
outraged at the continuing
occupation of the city. 30,000
people (almost 30% of
Berkeley's population) staged a
peaceful march, and 20% of the
Berkeley faculty were boycotting
classes until the Guard and the fence
were removed, but the fence stayed up.
The Guard eventually left and the
situation began to cool down. Despite
various attempts to remove the fence, it
stayed there until May 1972. Following
a protest against Nixon’s announcement
that he would mine the main North
Vietnamese port, protestors tore down
the fence and recreated People’s Park. It
has been controlled by the people ever
since.
oday People's Park still lives the ideal
of user development. It is home to an
organic garden, several yearly festivals, and
is used by many community groups as a site
for free food distribution, concerts, and
meetings. Every year people from all over
the world come to visit the park whose story
inspired them.
Ever since the park's inception, the
university has tried to regain control of
People's Park, and the Park's supporters have
organized to defend it. Just in the last year,
the university unilaterally bulldozed the
compost bins and repeatedly tore out the
long-standing Free Box each time it was
rebuilt, even threatening to arrest the
volunteers for "vandalism".
At the urging of residents unhappy with
the park, the University paid an "ideas" firm
$100,000 to conduct a study on the park.
After nine months -- and very little time
actually spent in the park -- they
recommended a top-down redesign,
eliminating many of the park's most
established programs, like Food not Bombs.
Supporters in the park oppose this. All
sides hope that dialogue will allow the park
to survive as an example of participatory
democracy -- following the Park motto
"everyone gets a blister".

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Save the Memor ial Oak Grove!

H

ave you ever sat
underneath a beautiful
canopy of trees with the
solid, living wood of a Coast Live Oak
pressed gently against your back, and
meditated while beams of sunlight
caressed your face? It’s a truly beautiful
experience – and one that the Save the
Oaks Campaign is trying to keep alive for
generations to come.
Fiat Lux – “let there be light” - is the
motto of the University of California.
But its Latin etymology renders the
meaning accessible only to a small
handful of Western-educated people. In
essence, it stands for “let there be light
for a few.” Unfortunately, this has been
the attitude of the University of
California toward the beloved Memorial
Oak Grove.
Back in May 2006, the university
announced plans to construct a new
athletic training facility to serve the
needs of Cal’s student athletes. This was
to take place upon a mature grove of 42
native trees including Oaks, Deodars,
and Redwoods. Adjacent to the
Memorial Stadium on Piedmont Ave.,
the woodland has been enjoyed by
generations of Berkeleyans, who love it
for many different reasons. Some find
this Urban Forest to be a special place to
just relax and enjoy life. Native
Americans have reason to believe that
the grove is an Ohlone burial ground.
Veterans view the grove as a sacred part

Rich people in the hills,
folks who were houseless,
activists - people of all
background gathered in The
Oak Grove, a "Free and
Forever Wild" space where
money mean nothing and
humanity meant everything.
of the Memorial to those who perished in
the First World War, which includes the
stadium and the surrounding park.
During his weekly Canyon Walks, Prof.
Ignacio Chapela explained that the grove
is a wildlife corridor – Red Foxes and
other critters have been spotted
scampering through the grove.
Cal could have chosen to spread its

4

light to serve the needs of the entire
community by building the gym
somewhere else while leaving the grove
intact, but protests and petitions went
unheeded.
Inspired by Julia Butterfly Hill’s
famous two-year-long treesit to save a
Redwood Tree, local indigenous leader
Zachary RunningWolf and his friends
Jess Walsh, Ayr, and several other
Berkeley activists got wind of Cal’s
plans and decided to experiment with a
treesit as a way of saving this urban
forest. Equipped with carabineers,
harnesses, and their inner light of hope,
they scaled the trees before dawn on
December 2nd, 2006 – the morning of
the “Big Game.” Soon after it was
revealed that the remains of 18 Native
Americans were unearthed when UC
blew up the hill to build the stadium, a
fact which UC acknowledged in their
Environmental Impact Report, meaning
the Oak Grove sits atop a Native burial
ground! This realization recommitted the
treesit community to defend this sacred
site and also reaffirmed that defending
the earth and Native American rights go
hand in hand. Now in its second year,
and the longest-running US urban treesit
ever, the Grove has attracted over 300
treesitters (including students) and has
garnered media coverage spanning from
the New York Times to the Hindustani
Times. The treesitters have successfully
raised public concern about the
University’s contradictory practices of
addressing the needs of athletes at the
expense of the well being of the diverse
life-systems that the public still expects
it to serve.
ust like spotted owls are an indicator
species of the health of an ecosystem, the treesitters see themselves as
an indicator species of the health of this
public university. They see the
demolition of a local healthy ecosystem
that was free and open to the public to be
replaced by a concrete gymnasium as yet
more poison in the well. But even as the
poison manifests in different forms corporatization of research, privatization
of public knowledge, conflicts of
interest, ecological devastation, war
profiteering,
nuclear
weapons
development (pg. 18), and now British
Petroleum (pg. 8) - it consistently
performs the same function. The poison

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blows out the light of creativity,
cooperation, wisdom, and compassion
for the diverse yet interdependent forms
of life that create our University
community. This poison, embodied in
the motto “let there be light (for a few)”
requires the destruction, absorption and
exclusive reallocation of light from the
infinitely diverse life-system at large to a
select few, as if this light were a scarce
resource.
So a young woman and a Native
American elder scaled a tree to mount a
David and Goliath battle against this
theft of light. Since the sit began,
thousands of supporters have brought
their own light to the grove to help sit in

more info at saveoaks.com
or feed the treesitters,
Sundays @ 2pm
the trees, support on the ground, prepare
food, offer warm beds to weary
treesitters, provide legal council, play
music, make friends, and become
inspired by the “treevolutionary” spirit.
tudents have played a big role in the
campaign from day one, organizing
petitions, rallies, and nonviolent direct
action trainings. On September 14th
2007, 34 students were arrested for
climbing over the first fence the
University erected around the grove, in
protest of its being closed to the public.

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Before they were hauled away, students
held a drum circle in front of confusedlooking police officers, and conducted a
consensus-based meeting despite a fence
separating the students from each other.
As of January, 2008, there are two
fences topped with barbed wire that
enclose the grove. Security guards,
whose hours are being scaled back in
order to deny them benefits such as

"We can have old trees and
new gyms!"
health care, are stationed at the treesit 24
hours a day. By the end of November
2007, UC Berkeley had already spent
$367,000 on the fences and private
security. Despite over 150 arrests and
citations at the hands of the UCPD, the
community has maintained a continuous
positive presence, both in the trees and
on the ground.
n the early days, the treesit acted as a
magnet for community gatherings.
Treesit supporters organized festivals
and slumber parties, with art, music,
cooking, creating, and even philosophy
salons. One of the many amazing facets
of the sit was the “radical community”
that arose – rich people in the hills, folks
who were houseless, activists; people of
all background gathered in the grove, a
"Free and Forever Wild" space where
money mean nothing and humanity
meant everything. Since the fence went
up, it’s been harder for such gatherings
to take place. But as of this writing,
every Sunday at 2pm at the grove the
Berkeley Grandmothers for the Oaks
show up to sing to the treesitters and
send up food, water, and supplies. If you
come by, bring some stuff to donate with
you! Recently the cops have been
arresting individuals for sending up
food, but they don't arrest the grannies.
In addition to the treesit, three groups –
City of Berkeley, the California Oak
Foundation, and the Panoramic Hill
Association – filed a lawsuit against UC.
Presiding Judge Barbara Miller issued a
preliminary injunction in January 2007
barring UC from cutting the trees, and a
final decision is expected in early 2008.
The lawsuit focuses on alleged
violations of the California Environment
Quality Act and the Alquist-Priolo
Zoning Act. Two of the biggest issues in
the lawsuit are:

I

1) Whether or not the UC
Regents
properly
studied
alternative
locations
(Maxwell Family Field, the
most obvious alternative, was
not studied, suggesting that
UC’s Environmental Impact
Report was “rigged” to
support a pre-determined
outcome);
2) Whether or not the new
training
facility
would
constitute an “addition or
The Berkeley community delivers water to the treesitters.
alteration” to the stadium (if
it does, it would probably
violate the 1972 state seismic law, which
limits “additions or alterations” to less
rom Berkeley to Santa Cruz, the art
than 50 percent of the value of the
of the tree-sit is spreading. In
existing structure).
November 2007, activists opposed to
Meanwhile, the treesitters continue to UCSC's Long Range Development Plan
live in the grove. (They’ve vowed to (LRDP) launched a tree-sit in redwoods
stay put until Cal chooses a new location near Science Hill. UCSC plans to
for the gym, no matter how Miller rules.) develop the occupied site into a new
Each night they are bombarded by the Biomedical Sciences Facility. A rally
artificial light of generator-powered drew hundreds of supporters and a tense
flood lights. These loud and obnoxious standoff with police, as supporters
concentrations of artificial light are attempted to send up supplies. Police
currently the signature of our University. pepper sprayed the crowd and arrested at
The treesitters' light shines from within, least four, but were unable to stop the
organically and abundantly - indeed, students’ momentum.
some treesitters talk about experiences The Biomedical Sciences facility is
of healing and spiritual transformation part of the University's plan to destroy
during their time at the grove. Theirs is 120 acres of forest. The building would
the signature of an alternative movement have no allotted classroom space,
to “shed light” on and within all despite overcrowded classes. But it
members of the University and Berkeley would have room for live animal
community.
experimentation, which includes such
As the treesitters are fond of saying, practices as food/air deprivation and non“We can have old trees and new gyms.” anesthetized
surgery.
Housing
Let there be light for everyone!
biotechnology
and
nanotechnology
research, the building demonstrates how
Stolen Bones - In October 2007, the LRDP marks a clear shift from
Chancellor Birgeneau had to answer to a UCSC's commitment to undergraduate,
group of disenfranchised Native American liberal arts education to more lucrative
activists and UC faculty members after a
programs funded by large corporations.
controversial Hearst Museum decision
ignored requests by 8 Native nations to Following the trend of privatizing public
return at least 13,000 ancestral remains to universities, students are paying more
their rightful tribal owners. After an unjust for education and receiving less.
shift in legislation kicked out tribal
Critics say the planned addition of
representatives from the museum’s 4,500 full-time students is irresponsible
democratic process, UC continues to harbor given the existing shortage of resources.
the bones. Tribal leaders have said that, They cite overcrowded classrooms,
“UC Berkeley doesn’t give a damn about overworked teaching assistants and
native people living today” and that the
dissatisfied faculty as signs that the
university refuses to acknowledge the
spiritual importance of the bones. The UCSC has already exceeded its capacity.
The Santa Cruz tree-sit has become
largest body of Native Americans, the
National Congress of American Indians, has home to vibrant gatherings of students.
condemned UC for human rights abuses. Take a trip down to UCSC to camp out
For more info and to get involved go to with
them!
Learn
more
at
nagpra-ucb.blogspot.com
www.lrdpresistance.org.

Santa Cruz Sits

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URBA N A GRICULTURE

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re you looking for a place in the city to sink your
hands into rich, dark soil? Do you want to learn to
grow your own food, herbs or flowers? Do you believe
that sustainable agriculture is a vital component to a
healthy world? Check out the Student Organic Garden
(SOG) or the Gill Tract.
Two blocks from campus, at Virginia and Walnut, the
SOG is an oasis of life in the midst of concrete. The
garden has served as an urban agricultural classroom for
thousands of students in its 35-year
history, and to this day remains
student-managed
with
no
university funding. Various
community service projects
have
been
facilitated
through
the
garden,
including projects for youth
employment
and
food
production
for
homeless
shelters. The university also uses
the site to teach ESPM 117 - Urban
Agriculture, as well as the student-run
Organic Gardening DeCal.
The Gill Tract is the largest area of urban agricultural
land remaining in the Bay Area, located on San
Pablo at the Berkeley/Albany border. The Gill
Tract was once the hub of flourishing research
activity by the former Division of Biological
Control. Research focused on integrated or
ecologically-based pest management, which uses
an understanding of ecological relations between
"pests" and their naturally occurring predators as a
means of managing pest populations in agriculture.
By avoiding the use of harmful chemical pesticides,
these solutions are not only environmentally friendly
but also more appropriate for smaller farmers due to
their low cost.
ver the years, there has been a continuous
struggle against the University to keep the
SOG and Gill Tract alive. In the mid 1980s, students
lost half of the SOG, their solar greenhouse, and
were banned from keeping animals on the site. In 1999
the University Planning Department covertly handed the
garden over to the East Bay Municipal Utilities District
for the construction of a large pumping station. In
response, the students organized a difficult but
ultimately successful campaign to save the remainder of
the garden from extinction.
Similarly, as the influence of agrochemical
corporations on the University grew in the 1970s,
research agendas shifted away from integrated pest

O

6

AT

B ERKELEY

management, and towards a capital-intensive agroindustrial production model. This shift happened at the
expense of the needs of small farmers, the environment
and the public - those whom the original Gill Tract landgrant was intended to serve. Faculty that did not
acquiesce to this new agenda were slowly forced out the
University, while the Division of Biological Control has
been entirely eliminated.
ut the struggle to maintain both resources for the
public good continues. The SOG Association
works to preserve and promote the garden, and is as
active as ever. Those who contribute to the garden
become farmers, teachers, landscape architects,
permaculturists, and community gardeners. All
students are invited to work in the garden and
to help us keep it growing for the next
generation!
While most of its greenhouses and
laboratories have been long abandoned,
research in sustainable agricultural
practices continues today at the Gill Tract, albeit on a
greatly reduced scale. A handful of students in ESPM
118 carry out sustainable agriculture
research at the Gill Tract each fall,
but the majority of the land has
now
been
planted
with
monocultural corn to research
plant genetics. Recently, the
University has been considering
plans to develop the Gill Tract,
including leasing it for commercial
development. At a time when sustainable
agricultural practices are becoming more
important and popular than ever, the
University is choosing to
abandon this once flourishing
educational resource in
favor of profit.
See plants.berkeley.edu
for more info! Open
garden hours at the SOG are
Sundays 1-5pm. If you love to
garden, you should also check out the volunteer gardens
at People's Park, Berkeley Youth Alternatives at
Bancroft and Bonar, or the gardens at Woolsey and
Sacramento.

B

Environmental Groups on Campus!
UC Berkeley maintains a list of environmental student
groups on campus, working on issues from renewable
energy to recycling: bie.berkeley.edu/studentorgs

THE

Albany Bulb

J

utting out into the Bay by the Albany Hill is the
nearest piece of post-modern wild land to Berkeley.
Part temporary autonomous zone, part off-leash dog
park, part autorevegetative experiment, the Albany Bulb
is home to fennel forests, jutting concrete tumbles, wild
rebar tangle scultpures, skunks, owls, curlews, and
vividly color-splashed murals. In many ways it is a free
space, an embodied outlet of creativity and a place to
make firey noise late into the night. It is a place to take
refuge from the rectilinear city, perched atop its
crumbled body.

A community of people also established themselves in
makeshift shelters at the Bulb.
Artists followed,
working with whatever the tides and storms brought in.
In 1999, the people living there were removed, and their
village was destroyed, a story told in the movie Bums'
Paradise. The public art survived, and continues to this
day. Some people say that the art should be seen in a
museum. Others say that it already is. All agree that the
art is alive, an inseparable part of the soul of the Bulb.

T

he future of the Bulb is still uncertain. Although a
recent attempt to build a ultra-ritzey mall in place
of the racetrack was recently beaten back, there are still
many eyes on the pricey real estate that it occupies. The
Bulb itself is scheduled to become part of the growing
Eastshore State Park in an indetermined number of
years. Only time and active public participation will

The Bulb used to be rich mudflats, but in 1963, the
City of Albany awarded a contract to a previously small
dump to dispose of construction debris, which they
(illegally) supplemented with plant debris. There was
opposition almost immediately, but not until 1987, after
more than 10 years of litigation, was the landfill
released back to nature's whim.

S

ince then, whatever plants and animals were able
to establish took over. The Bulb's flora today is a
collection of every hardy, adaptable plant that people
ever brought to this city, with a few similarly-minded
native plants mixed in. Acacia from Africa rub
shoulders with eucalyptus from Australia and date palms
from the Middle East. South African sourgrass grows
amongst European fennel and our own California
Poppy. The Bay has not forgotten that it is the original
proprietor of the land, and it laps constantly at the Bulb's
edges, creating mudflats rich with shorebirds and
wetland plants.

c by flickr:lalex93

tell: will the Bulb become one more overmanaged
expression of the rift between today's City and Mother
Nature? Or will it continue to evolve as an organic
expression of development from below, finding new
ways to welcome nature into the City?

In the meantime, come make it your own.

Bulbonia

rou
bike

te

H

OW TO GET THERE:

by bike, get to the
bike bridge at the end of Addison
St, by the water. Cross it, then head
north on the bike path along the bay.
When it ends at Gilman St., zig left
over the racetrack's hill, through the
parking lot, down the hill. By other
transit, find your way to the dead end
of Buchanan St. in Albany, on the bay
side of the freeway. Walk towards the
ocean, and explore.

7

they burn was taken up from the atmosphere by the plant, so
no net carbon is released. But remember: plants need land to
the wrong solution to the right problem
grow. Biodiesel sold in Europe was recently calculated to be
and the corporate invasion of Cal
responsible for ten times more carbon than gasoline, since
Indonesian rainforest is being razed to plant oil palms to meet
WHAT'S THIS ENERGY BIOSCIENCES INSTITUTE?
the increased demand. This illustrates a fundamental problem
The Energy Biosciences Institute (or EBI) was created by the with any plant-based fuel: planting fuel crops will compete
largest deal in US history between a corporation and a economically with other uses of the land, reducing the amount
university. In February 2007, BP (formerly British Petroleum) of land for native habitat — and for food. By any estimate, the
announced that it would commit $500 million to establish a amount of land we'd need to replace our fossil fuel
center for biotechnology research jointly with UCB, the consumption with a plant-based fuel would be huge, putting
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, and the University of first-world consumption in direct competition with third-world
Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The main focus of the research bellies and ecosystems.
center will be “next-generation biofuels”, which are being Already the increased demand for biofuels is causing
touted as the solution to global warming, but the center would increased food prices around the world (mostly due to the use
also research biotech to increase fossil fuel extraction.
of corn for ethanol) and intense deforestation in Brasil (for
The EBI will introduce onto campus a large, sealed-off, sugar cane), Indonesia (for oil palm), and other places.
private research lab for BP (in Morgan Hall at first), a base for The proposed solution to all these problems is the promised
50 BP employees to work closely with university researchers, “next-generation biofuels”, which are still far enough out of
looking to develop the technologies with the most money- reach that all kinds of wonderful things can be said about
making potential. BP will get first pick of any new them. Foremost is the idea of “cellulosic ethanol”, which will
technologies — and it will also decide what gets researched, as be made by genetically engineered microbes out of the
it has as many seats on the governing bodies as all of the inedible portions of plants, supposedly removing the pressure
academic partners combined.
on the world's food supply. Even
When people got wind of the deal,
if the technology comes to
opposition quickly mounted, and the
fruition, the dangers of releasing
university went on the defensive.
into the world those microbes
Students
organized
teach-ins,
engineered to digest cellulose are
discussions, and public demonstrations
obvious, and only the most starryinvolving symbolic “oil spills” made of
eyed would claim that we'll be
molasses and rainwater. Faculty
able to keep consuming as much
members denounced the deal in public,
energy as we currently do without
and brought a motion in the Academic
continuing
global
ecological
Senate. Their motion was defeated by
disaster.
an opposing faction who defined
However, this is precisely what
“academic freedom” as the university's
UC Berkeley researchers will be
“right” to make any research deal with
working on, under the direction
any bad actor, at any scale. However,
of BP — a technological
EBI opponents quickly won the battle
“solution” that trivializes the
of public perception. Chancellor
social and ecological realities of
Birgeneau switched from talking about
the situation. The researchers will
Beware of big oil bearing gifts.
“this generation's moon shot” to saying
do
high-profile,
high-budget
that the EBI wasn't all that big, or that groundbreaking, really. research to “save the world”, BP will get to greenwash its
The media reported the deal as “controversial” and questioned image and possibly glean very lucrative patents, and the rest of
how much influence big corporations should have in public us get no voice and business as usual, while support for
universities. However, the university did not back down.
research into real alternatives, like sustainable agriculture,
The BP/Berkeley contract was signed in November 2007, but dries up.
opposition continues, particularly to the planned building it is TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS
to occupy in Strawberry Canyon — only one of many the UC Berkeley has a long history of providing technological
Lawrence Berkeley Labs plans to build over the next decade.
“solutions” to major world problems. The best-known example
NEXT-GENERATION BIOFUELS?
was supposed to end all wars: the nuclear bomb. Pushers of the
Most folks these days know about biodiesel and ethanol, two EBI strove to highlight this connection, drawing parallels
proposed plant-based substitutes for gasoline in our cars. The between the Manhattan project and the EBI's future research.
theory is that they are carbon-neutral fuels, since plants are Today's biofuel boom is a reaction to one specific crisis that
part of the global carbon cycle — the carbon released when we are facing: global warming. Industrialized biofuels are one

Energy Biosciences:

8

proposed way to get around that particular crisis, but even if
they help reduce carbon emissions, as envisioned they will
likely worsen many other crises associated with industrialized
agriculture: global economic inequality, deforestation, topsoil
depletion, soil salinization, loss of biodiversity, and water
pollution. Industrialized biofuels will not threaten the profits
of agroindustry, the auto industry... or of BP, if they control the
technology.
Throwing our weight and resources
at this particular capital-intensive
solution diverts attention and funding
from other solutions that address the
root causes of the crisis, like
decreasing consumption and localizing
agriculture. BP is not interested in
funding research that will allow or
even encourage people to drive less.
Nor will technology that allows small
farming communities to become
energy-independent allow them to
continue to profit.

DEMOCRACY AND RESEARCH

involve the overall direction of the university, the decisions
should be made by democratic deliberation among all the
affected parties, not rammed through “at warp speed” (Vice
Chancellor Beth Burnside's words) by a few excited
administrators with dollar signs in their eyes.
In fact, since the BP/Berkeley partnership represents a clear
choice of one vision of the planet's future over another, it is
part of a much larger deliberation that
must involve all of us on this planet.
The EBI's technology and market
research will further a future of global
corporate consumer car culture for the
lucky and deprivation and wage
slavery for the rest — and actual
slavery for some, as is found on some
Brasilian ethanol plantations today.
Another world has always been
possible, an explicitly egalitarian,
democratic, just and sustainable one.
We can bring that future into
existence, but only through the kind of
public participation that has arisen in
the World Social Forums, the
globalization protests of 1999, 2000,
and 2001, and the stunning outbursts
of defiant self-determination recently
seen in Bolivia, Argentina and Oaxaca.

The BP/Berkeley deal follows on the
heels of an equally controversial one:
the 1998 Novartis/Berkeley deal, in
which a Swiss biotechnology company
invested $25 million in UCB's Plant
and Microbial Biology department, in
CLIMATE JUSTICE
exchange for first right to negotiate
As the changing climate transforms
The sticky mess at California Hall.
licenses to a wide range of that
from a fringe issue to a global
department's discoveries and inventions. Biologist Ignacio economic crisis and corporations and governments scramble to
Chapela, an outspoken opponent of that deal, was ejected from seize control of the new energy economy, “climate justice”
the university, and had to fight for reinstatement (see the movements are sprouting around the world. Landless peasants
online article for details). When Professor Tyrone Hayes of organizing against slave labor on sugar-cane plantations that
Integrative Biology found that a Novartis product causes frogs produce Brazilian ethanol, South Africans fighting to keep
to be born hermaphrodites, the company (renamed Syngenta) communal land from being taken for biofuel production, and
reportedly tried to buy him off and harassed him to stop him Brits sitting in to stop a new runway at Heathrow airport are
from completing his research and then to keep it from being all part of the same movement: it is now clear that while the
published.
climate crisis is an environmental issue, what we do about it is
In 2004, an independent review of the Novartis deal was a global justice issue. Like the Dineh (Navajo), Brazilians,
commissioned by the university's faculty and paid for by the South Africans and others fighting to prevent global corporate
university. That review recommended that the university energy projects from destroying their communities, the
“avoid industry agreements that involve complete academic Berkeley students and faculty who have organized against the
units or large groups of researchers.” The university's EBI are defending our scholarly community against an attempt
administration has never explained why that recommendation to destroy our cooperative, public-spirited search for
has been disregarded in the EBI deal, or conceded to any sort knowledge in order to mine — for BP's profit — the shared
of democratic participation.
expertise, intelligence and goodwill that we have created
The EBI is the size of a Berkeley department, and it clearly together. It is our responsibility — and a never-to-be-repeated
will shift the balance of research at the university towards high- opportunity — to create a sustainable and just new world, and
tech entrepreneurial approaches to climate issues and away corporations that have spent the last century promoting
from small-scale community-oriented approaches and internal combustion, plotting the overthrow of foreign
reduction. It represents the shape of things to come at countries, and investing in propaganda to discredit climate
Berkeley: more “public-private partnerships”, more product change research can only stand in our way. (as BP has – see
development and for-profit research, and less accountability to the online version of this article for links)
the public interest. Since the issues involved in the deal

See www.stopbp-berkeley.org for more information.

9

A

Which Union Was
That
Again?
was found in violation of its contract and fair labor laws multiple

lmost all UC Berkeley employees - from cooks to clerical
staff, police to librarians, groundskeepers to graduate
students, and janitors to lecturers - are represented by one of the
seven unions on campus. A new student at Berkeley might be
confused by the many union acronyms. Given Berkeley's terrible
track record with its employees, these acronyms are likely to show
up on t-shirts and signs at some point. Workers depend on these
unions to stand up for their rights.
Since a 1979 state law, all UC workers are entitled to organize
themselves, elect a system wide union based on their type of
work, and then bargain collectively with the administration. Since
then, the only major category of UC employees which elected not
to bargain collectively was tenure-track professors, or faculty.
Professors, given some representation in the Academic Senate,
were lobbied heavily by UC administrators not to unionize, who
claimed that professors already had a governance role and would
not gain by collectively bargaining for their rights. Although the
protections of tenure have provided some of these workers
considerable security, many professors feel the decision not to
organize has left their ranks in a weaker, more divided position.
s Cal students, labor decisions have a huge impact on the
quality of our education. Many departments at Berkeley, due
to constraints on the number of tenure-track faculty they are
allowed to hire, have in the past decades increasingly hired
lecturers — often professionals in fields like architecture or
biology — to teach hands-on classes and standard lectures.
Lecturers, along with the highly-educated librarians who organize
and provide access to the school’s dense collections, deeply enrich
the undergraduate experience. Nonetheless, the UC administration
has repeatedly fought to undermine their job security and
compensation.
In the early 1980’s, most
lecturers were hired for 8 years
and then laid off, regardless of
job performance, and their
positions filled anew. UC-AFT,
in its very first negotiations, was
able to put an end to this practice
of “churning”, securing a review
at the end of six year’s
employment and the possibility
to earn indefinite three year
reappointments.
The
UC
administration, continued to
illegally “churn” its lecturers at
Berkeley and Davis alike, and

A

times in the late 80s, 90’s, and early 2000’s. In its last contract
negotiation, UC-AFT succeeded — after few-day strikes on many
The East Bay have long had some of the most highly organized
workforces in the country, with very high union membership rates. As
far back as the 19th century, powerful unions in the area led
campaigns against police and corporate brutality, against racial and
gender discrimination, and for a peace-oriented American foreign
policy. Today, the East Bay is serving as a major starting point for the
national organizing efforts of the International Workers of the World,
a progressive union based on direct worker democracy. In Berkeley,
many workers have organized themselves in recent years
through the IWW, including those at Metro Lighting,
Landmark Shattuck Cinemas, and both companies who
pick up and transport recycling in Berkeley.

campuses and solidarity protests from many students — in
winning a peer review component for performance evaluations,
and replaced the 3-year reappointment system with a
“continuing” appointment system, so that high quality teachers do
not have to reapply for their jobs every three years.
The UC administration claims that librarians receive salaries
similar or better to those at other major research libraries —
callously ignoring the local cost of living. In fact, Berkeley
librarians have long been paid considerably lower salaries than
those in the California State University and community college
system. Through UC-AFT, librarians have won biannual
evaluations for raises, standardized advancement procedures, and
peer evaluations. However, for their next contract, the
administration has proposed “pay scales”, lowering minimum
wages and giving management more power to arbitrarily set
wages, and wants to reduce the power of librarian peer review
councils. This has outraged many librarians and swelled the ranks
of the union.
n the past few years, service workers at
Berkeley have struggled hard for a livable
wage, fair treatment, and a contribution to health
care and pensions from their employer. Cal’s
custodians and dining workers, among others in
the AFSCME union, were getting paid $5 to $10
dollars less per hour on average than those at
other East Bay campuses. After the UC
administration claimed repeatedly it didn’t have the
money for even a $1.75 an hour raise for all
Berkeley service workers, AFSCME lobbied the

I

continued on pg. 31
Represents

Union

Members (UC-wide)

AFSCME: American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees 3299

Custodians and other service employees

7,000

UAW: United Auto Workers 2865

GSIs and other student academic workers

12,000

UPTE: Univ. Professional & Tech Employees-Communications Workers of America

Technical workers, health care workers

8,800

CUE: Coaition of University Employees

Clerical workers and administration officials

17,000

AFT: University Council - American Federation of Teachers

Non-tenure track lecturers, librarians

2,900

FUPOA: Federated University Police Officers Association

Police officers

227

IAFF: International Association of Fire Fighters

Fire fighters

44

10

S EX
S

IN

T HREE P ARTS

ex is a revolutionary act. Sex is an act of mutual aid. Sex is
loving yourself, pleasuring your partner(s), having fun, and
feeling wonderful. Sex unites body and mind, it is sheer presence.
What brings you into the moment more than an orgasm?
Unfortunately, sex often ends up being horribly mismanaged and
not fun, or flat out fucked up, or explicitly an exercise in
experiencing insecurity. To avoid this, it might help to keep these
guidelines in mind.
art One: Before you get to the salty, sweet bits of sex,
there’s the time between identifying someone you’d like to
get with and the actual canoodling. In my experience, the main
neurosis in this part comes from people not communicating
openly with each other. If you’re attracted to someone, there are
two times when it's good to tell them how
you’re feeling: 1) when you think they might
return the favor, or 2) when you’re obsessing,
and your crush is causing you anguish or
ruining your friendship. Divulging your
attraction minimizes the embarrassment factor
inevitably involved for yourself and your
potential smooch-ees. I suggest scripts like
these: “I’d love to hang out with you for the
third time this week. But I want you to know
that I have carnal intentions toward you. How
do you feel about that?” or “Can we make out,
even though I’m not up for a serious
relationship right now?” Notice that these are
verbal representations of what is sometimes
assumed to be a purely spontaneous, "you just
know” kind of event. Don’t get me wrong:
I’m all for wordless goodness. Trouble is that
moving in, lips puckered, can leave the
recipient of your pucker with no smooth way
to take a bit more time, to let you know that
actually he has a boyfriend in Baltimore.
The pre-naked part can go wrong when your
crush is purely one-sided. This is a nonconsensual crush: the object of your affection is unaware of your
interest, or uninterested, and you persist in interpreting their every
action as proof of your excellent chances to someday soon nibble
their earlobe. Which is why talking is good. The main point: you
should refrain from projecting stuff on people you’re into, you
should communicate clearly, gently, and honestly with them, and
you should make every effort to relinquish unrequited crushes.
This is also the part where you go out and get tested for sexually
transmitted infections.
art Two: Next comes the sex part – in between there’s
probably kissing, groping, tingly goodness, and perhaps
bare skin. Yay! But also, Yipes! What to do? Here I have three
recommendations:
1) Don’t base your sex on what you see in movies, or an abstract
idea of what you should be doing. While a lot of the time the
naked part is easy and fun, there is a fair chance that there’ll be
some awkwardness. Many of us tend to fall into patterns that are
really pretty messed up. Rigidly heteronormative sex isn’t fun,
even for straight couples. Sometimes you find yourself in bed
with someone who has a difficult or painful history with sex.
Again communication is key - it doesn’t have to be verbal, but it
can be. Check with your partner(s) as you go, and be willing to
shift what you’re doing. Be receptive to your partner's behavior: if

P

P

they freeze up or if their eyes seem really distant, you need to
check in. Also, communicate how you’re feeling: if your partner
turns out to be a massively tongueful kisser, and you prefer upperlip subtle licking, demonstrate what you’re into on them and
request they try it. This is often a really hard thing to do - we’re
all willing to turn other people on, but often have a hard time
asking them to change what or how they’re doing things with/to
us.
2) Be willing to stop explicitly sexual activities, even after
they’ve started. If you’ve developed a hesitation, say so. If you’re
fine with kissing but not with nipple pinching, say so. If the
person or people you’re in bed with expresses a wish to stop an
activity - for heaven’s sake, stop! Remember, consent is a fully
affirmative YES, not an ambiguous yes,
or a well-not-really-but-ok-yes. Silence
is not consent. And too intoxicated to
consent is not consent.
3) Be willing to expand your horizons
of what turns you on. If your new honey
likes nothing better than going down on
you, and you’re not sure what you think
about it, give it a shot. Or if she’d really
like to try sex with a new strap-on in the
shower, see if there’s a place in your
libido for that. Or if he’s into role-plays,
play along. If any of the potential
activities are stretches for you, set up
time limits: five minutes of cunnilingus,
unless I tell you explicitly I want you to
keep going. We stop with the strap on if
the hot water runs out. But don't feel like
you have to concede to something you
feel uncomfortable with just because
your partner wants to. And in general:
Don’t fall into the trap of assuming that
sex is only sex if penetration happens, or
if there are massive yelling orgasms –
these are fine but unnecessary ingredients. The best sex comes
with communication, an open mind, and being present in the
moment. Finally, before any potentially fluid-exchange-y
activities, you gotta talk about when the last time you got tested
was and what sex you’ve had since then. This is never a hugely
sexy conversation, but with practice, it’ll become just another
aspect of your erotics of talk. Regardless, latex = good.
art Three: Especially if this was the first time you’ve
hooked up with someone, the post-sex can be stressful.
What are they thinking? When will you see each other again?
This is a time to refrain from projecting and have openconversation. You may have decided that you’re not interested in
any more hoo-ha, or that you’re interested in lots more. In either
case, ideally you’ll let the person in question know where you’re
at - clearly, gently, and honestly. This conversation doesn't have to
happen that night in bed, but post-sex communication can be
satisfying as is part of the sex itself. Try not to make assumptions
about how your partner is feeling. You should aim to reach a clear
understanding of what’s going on: 1) You both want to keep
having sex, and with each other (brilliant!) 2) You want to and
they don’t (understand that you are wonderful anyway, and try not
to argue too much with them) or they want to and you don’t (be
clear and firm, but not mean) 3) Neither of you want to (also fine!
Part civilly, and perhaps craft a friendship).

P

11

Who Runs Our University? Meet "The Regents"
The UC has long been dominated by highly connected, wealthy Californian business people, political
insiders, and lawyers appointed by the Governor as “Regents” who manage the entire UC system (and three
national labs) during their 12-year term. 19 Regents are appointed (none has a PhD), and 7 are “ex officio”
members (including public officials, the Governor, the UC President, and one student). Although CA's
constitution says “The university shall be entirely independent of all political or sectarian influence & kept free
therefrom in the appointment of its Regents,” favoritism and financial ties pervade Governors’ choices of Regents.

Finance & Real Estate
Regent Russell Gould is VP of Wachovia, one of the
country’s largest banks, holding $billions of loans
from
millions
of
students.
Gould
was
appointed Regent by Schwarzenegger
after he advised and campaigned for
Schwarzenegger, and was also a top
choice for the Gov’s chief of staff.
Regent
Judith
Hopkinson
gave
$145,000 to Gov. Davis, who appointed her Regent.
Her company Ameriquest Capital specializes in
predatory home mortgages, and also gave $1.5m
to Schwarzenegger. Real estate magnate and
Democrat insider George Marcus gave $215,000 to
Davis before the Gov. appointed him a Regent.

Military & Construction
Regent Eddie Island was Vice
President for McDonnell Douglas, a
major defense contractor that makes
fighter jets, Apache helicopters, and
other war tackle.
Regent Richard Blum has been
milking us for years to feed his construction
companies and five mansions. His wife, Diane
Feinstein, on the Senate Subcommittee on Military
Appropriations gave his URS and Perini corporations
juicy Iraq contracts - only outdone by Blum himself
once he was appointed Regent (after donating
$50,000 to Gov. Davis). He has given his pet
companies hundreds of millions in unusual contracts,
one of which is to level the Memorial Oaks Grove
that students have been protecting for over a year
(see article, pg. 4). After student protest, he
divetested from URS and
tried to buy some good PR
by throwing $15 million at
a hastily convened poverty
research center – see, the
children love Blum, he’s a
good guy!

Media
Many of the same people shaping popular
consciousness through mainstream media also control
our university. Regent Sherry Lansing was CEO of
Paramouunt Pictures for 12 years. Regent Norman
Pattiz controls America’s largest radio network – he
gave $300,000 to Gov. Davis who appointed him
Regent. And Regent Monica Lozano is VP of
Impremedia, which controls 75% of the Spanishlanguage news market in the US.

Partisan Political Interests
Regent Gerald Parsky is an investment banker and
influential Republican, and was Bush’s
main man in California, chairing the 2000
and 2004 CA Bush election committees.
Parsky tapped his connections with the
state’s wealthy republican donors, and
he also gave $74,000 to Gov. Wilson
before the Gov appointed him as
Regent. Shortly after Parksy became a
regent, he gave a $250,000 no-bid
contract to a Republican buddy that
had just donated $80,000 to Bush. Regent Paul
Wachter is Schwarzenegger’s money-man, and
were business partners before Schwarzenegger’s
run for Governor. Wachter manages the blind trust
into which all of Schwarzenegger’s investments
were liquidated when he became governor. Given
Wachter and Schwarzenegger’s buddy-buddy
relationship it’s hard to see how Wachter acts as an
independent manager of the Governor’s assets.
Schwarzenegger’s financial holdings were briefly
and partially disclosed during the recall campaign
in 2003. They revealed a financial empire of tens of
millions of dollars invested in securities, private
equity funds and over 100 business ventures,
many in partnership with Wachter.

UC conflict-of-interest coordinators are supposed review the
Regents’ statements of economic interests, which are required by
the Political Reform Act of 1974 and can be viewed by making
written public-records requests to UC offices in Oakland.

UC holds about $72 billion in its Retirement Plan, General Endowment Pool, and the Short Term Investment Pool. This UC money is heavily invested in the
world's largest corporations, most irresponsible businesses, and major weapons manufacturers. Most infamous were investments
(>$3 billion) in companies doing business with the South African apartheid government in the 1980s (see the film “From Berkeley to Soweto”). The UC also
once held and lost $325.5 million in pension and endowment funds in telecom giant and mega-fraud MCI WorldCom Inc. Under student pressure to end
state-sponsored genocide in Darfur, the University is currently liquidating investments in nine companies doing business with Sudan, though it’s also taking
BP’s $500 million (BP collaborates closely with genocide-supporting companies like PetroChina). See also www.endowmentethics.org

12

Democratizing the Regents: Past, Present & Future
HISTORY Ever since the UC was established in 1868, people have struggled and slowly democratized the
University system. The original forms of governing the university were shaped by UC President and Skull &
Bonesman, Daniel C. Gilman, who touted the elitist models of Michigan and Yale (where trustees appoint their
personal friends as successors). And indeed Republican businessmen were appointed as the first UC Regents. In
1874, a coalition upset with corrupt state politics and a university astray decided to challenge the university’s power
structures. They lamented that Regents consisted of “merchants, lawyers, physicians and devines [sic]” and lacked
any “practical and experienced educator” or any working class representative. The coalition proposed legislation to
choose Regents through elections in each of California’s districts. This legislation and a similar 1876 bill were
defeated by the corrupt, elite-dominated state legislature. When CA’s Constitution was revised a few years later in
1879, negotiators snuck an even stronger anti-democratic provision in at the last minute with little debate,
establishing the current structure whereby the Governor selects most Regents.
The Regents continued to be challenged throughout the 1970s. Concerned
citizens successfully pushed legislation to make the Regents’ meetings public
(1970), the Senate ratify the Governor’s nominees (1972), and Regents’ terms be
reduced from 16 to 12 years (1974). Also in 1974, an advisory board was set up to
review the governor’s appointees and Regents were required to be "broadly
reflective of the economic, cultural, and social diversity of the state" (ha!). The
1974 reforms also created a Student Regent, who is selected by the Regents from
3 candidates nominated by the University of California Students' Association
(UCSA). Student Regents have been active progressive voices, but we must not be
appeased with this small token of representation.
In the early 1990s, after years of budget cuts, graduate students began organizing
for working rights. This overall discontent contributed to the 1993 founding of a
SF-based group called the Committee for a Responsible University, a group that
ultimately formulated a 'Plan to Democratize the Regents.' Over the past few years, people have reemphasized the
need to democratize the regents, partly out of concern about numerous recent issues like pay scandals, rising fees,
affirmative action, and renewed emphasis on nuclear weapons.
PRESENT Several Regents' terms are expiring soon and the Governor will try to make new appointments during
the next few years - a great opportunity for the public to demand greater transparency and participation. However, UC
officials have also already begun to look for the next UC President to replace Robert Dynes by June 2008 (in October
2007, the UC hired Dallas-based recruitment firm Funk and Associates
for more info, visit:
for $90,000 to help find our next UC Prez). This is a pivotal moment
www.democratizetheregents.org
in democratizing the Regents and university overall.
The search committee for the next UC President has been selected and is being headed by Regent Richard Blum,
with little participation from the everyday public. The student regent (UCB law student Ben Allen) has some input,
and the UCSA has overcome resistance and met with the Regents. Fortunately, our rep on the 'Student Advisory
Committee,' Caro Jauregui (carojauregui@berkeley.edu), is pressing for more student input. But the Regents are
trying to justify top-down secrecy by claiming that they need to follow precedent and protect privacy. You can find
more information on democratizing the UC president search process at www.ucpresident.org
FUTURE Here is a rough outline of ten basic future steps to consider:
1.) Author a convincing argument about why the Regents’ selection process needs to be democratized & publicize this
2.) Figure out a process to formulate new criteria & process for selecting regents (or other structures)
3.) Author a ballot measure to change the California constitution’s provisions on the Regent selection process
4.) Contact people and organizations that would support such changes
5.) Gain popular support and fend off resistance by corporations, the CA assembly, and the Governor
6.) Collect signatures for the ballot measure
7.) Figure out a process to formulate new criteria and a more democratic processes for selecting the UC president
8.) Author a resolution
9.) Gain support of the UC academic senate
10.) Keep watch on the changes – democracy is an ongoing process!

13

Understanding Neoliberalism

T

he neoliberal model has defined the last 30 years of global
development and concentration of wealth, and is
increasingly the model of our own education here at Cal.
Here's why you should care.
The historical roots of modern-day neoliberalism can be
traced through 300 years of economic theory. The classical
understanding of laissez-faire (or “let them be”) economics,
spearheaded by the likes of Adam Smith, Voltaire and Thomas
Paine, believes that the
“invisible hand” of the market
(not the state) should be trusted
to govern the economy. In
other words, private business
should be allowed to do what
is in their best economic
interest, without fear of public
or state-backed regulation.
What we deal with today is
merely a repackaging of this
old idea of economic
"liberalism" (along with
dozens
of
other
macroeconomic theories) in a
“new” form. Contemporary
neoliberalism has its roots in
the “Washington Consensus”
of the 1980s. This is where we
find
our
checklist
of
neoliberal objectives: free
trade, comparative advantage, privatization, deregulation and
export-based development.
Free trade is the idea that trade barriers inhibit true global
development and should be lifted in order to stimulate
economic growth worldwide. A prominent example is the
1994 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). By
destroying trade barriers between Mexico, the US and Canada
the neoliberal powers have created a free trade zone in which
goods and services flow “freely” between the countries.
Neoliberals point to macroeconomic measures, such as GDP
(Gross Domestic Product) growth or increased exports, to
declare NAFTA a “success”.
ut on the ground in 2008, fourteen years after NAFTA
went into effect, the devastating shortcomings of the
neoliberal model are apparent. “Comparative advantage”
translates to brutal Mexican exploitation and a mass exodus of
North American jobs (to Mexico and elsewhere). With no
environmental or labor regulations, private multi-national
corporations (MNCs) and countries around the world find

B

Coca Killer - There have been 9 murders and over 180
documented human rights abuses, including torture, at
Coca Cola's bottling plants in Colombia since 1990.
Those targeted have been union activists, union
members and their families. These abuses have

14

themselves in a “race to the bottom”; relocating to countries
with the cheapest labor and laxest environmental standards.
Mexican women, working in the toxic maquilladora sector, are
pitted against their South East Asian counterparts in a
competition to be the most exploitable. Unions, seen as threat
to the neoliberal agenda, are busted to keep labor conditions at
subhuman levels. Export-reliant food systems have imploded

Neoliberalism's goals are inherently
unjust and unsustainable. The ideology's
aim from the beginning has been private,
corporate concentration of wealth.
as hunger and poverty increases everywhere except in the
upper echelons of the global elite. Every day 200 American
small farmers are put out of business, unable to compete with
the giant agro-business exporters favored by NAFTA. Corn
maize, a symbol of Mexican patrimony, is in danger of being
completely replaced by an Iowa-grown, heavily-subsidized
variety.
NAFTA is just one example of the neoliberal encroachment
on national sovereignty. As hundreds of bilateral and
multilateral free trade agreements continue to be signed
without popular consent, the neoliberal powers do as they
please. The battle for basic human rights and dignity is being
fought against these corporate giants as grassroots
organizations build to provide alternatives to neoliberalism.
Neoliberalism is dead; its goals are inherently unjust and
unsustainable. The ideology’s aim from the beginning has
been private, corporate concentration of wealth. They have
succeeded. It is time for genuine human success.
hat does this have to do with us as Cal students?
Neoliberalism is increasingly the model of our own
education here at Cal, as we witness an eroding understanding
of what it means to be a public university and to serve the
“public good”. Decreasing public funding of education has
seen Cal rely more and more on corporate sponsorship to keep
the university "competitive", resulting in increasing
privatization and a complacency towards perpetuating
destructive, top-down policies. The Regents and many faculty,
who have personal and ideological investments in the
neoliberal model, have been able to slowly marginalize those
who advocate alternatives to neoliberalism. Fortunately this
process is far from complete, leaving the Cal student with a
clear choice: to learn how to become a "successful" part of the
neoliberal model, or to carefully choose professors and classes
that explore the alternatives to this model; and actively resist
the corporatization of our campus and its curriculum.

W

been carried out by paramilitary security forces under the
direction of company management. To date, over 20 US
colleges have banned Coca Cola products from their
campuses in protest. Visit killercoke.org, or for the
campaign at Berkeley www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~soja/

FAIR TRADE

NOT

FREE TRADE

The dominant "free trade" model of exchange, which eschews
policies designed to protect the environment and labor rights, is
killing our planet and its inhabitants (see Understanding
Neoliberalism, pg. 14). Fortunately, some alternatives have arisen to
try and alleviate the damaging effects of this economic system - at
least for the time being. One of these is "fair trade".

F

air Trade tries to take into
account the impact of various
types of economic irresponsibility, and
strive towards a more sustainable,
alternative model of global trade that
is based on economic justice. In order
for a product to be considered Fair
Trade Certified its producers must
receive a fair price, meaning a living
wage in their local context. Working
conditions must be healthy and safe
with no instances of forced labor or
child labor abuse. Fair Trade products
are produced under long-term trade
partnerships between buyers and
producers and equal employment
opportunities are given to workers.
Sustainable production practices as
well as financial and technological
assistance are encouraged. Also, Fair
Trade production must be open to
public accountability. Fair Trade does
not guarantee that a product was
grown organically, but 85% of Fair
Trade products are also organic.

One difficulty with fair trade
products is that it can require
intensive monitoring, and is
sometimes still oriented around the
age-old pattern of extracting raw
materials
from
developing
countries for export to consumers
in the global North. Therefore, Fair
Trade should not be understood as
a substitute for the deeper
restructuring of the inequitable
socio-economic
and
political
relations that generate poverty and
environmental degradation in the first
place; but it can be seen as an
acceptable transition towards a better
model. Conscious consumerism can
only lead to progressive change and
social justice if paired with social
activism based on the inequities
mentioned above. Supporting Fair
Trade can help create living wages
internationally, but a simultaneous
effort to support local workers'
struggles complements this.

Buy Local!

A common myth is that Fair Trade
products will necessarily be more
expensive. However, the higher price
of some Fair Trade products is due to
their greater care and quality, and the
fact that these sorts of programs are
just beginning. Also, the prices we pay
today are not the “real price” of a
product, as big business relies on
exploitative wages in order to keep
prices down.

Trade farmers abroad are not
monitored to ensure their adherence to
any international labor standards.
Also, more than half of the produce
available at Berkeley’s farmer’s
markets is registered or certified
organically grown. It’s fresh, fairly
affordable, and fun to visit!

The Local: A Treatise
Why Do It Yourself? Because, then
you can do anything! To create, to use
all your human faculties, is to make
freedom. What would we do with our
freedom? Well, in March 2007 a
group of students started “The Local”
(the kind of students who, in a better
world, would herd goats). Found at
Sproul (Bancroft and Telegraph) every
Wednesday,
we
cooperatively
(wo)man a stand of fresh, cheap
vegetables grown on small farms.
Through our actions (and vegetables)
we create a real community, an
antidote to the hollow “diverse, local
community” of glossy brochures and
committee reports, lies which erode
our very language. Our community is
full of ideas and warmth, it invites the
mind to wander. Keep your hope and
your trust in the people you meet;
reach your hands up to catch your
dreams as they drift by, so that our
actions and thoughts can learn from
and teach each other. Come to the
Local (or create your own)!

An alternative to buying Fair Trade
products from abroad is to buy locally
made and grown products at places
like the Berkeley Farmers’ Markets.
This way, the middle-person is cut out
of the process, linking consumers
more closely with producers (making
the products fresher, more affordable,
as well as reducing the greenhouse
emissions involved in shipping food
around the world). Buying locally is a
way to support small-scale farmers
who practice sustainable agriculture:
as producers sell their own
Berkeley Farmers' Markets
products and set their own prices,
workers are more likely to receive Sat 10 – 3 @ Center and MLK
a living wage for their labor. These Tues 2 – 6 @ Derby and MLK
farmers are also legally required to Thur 3 - 7 @ Shattuck and Rose
uphold U.S. labor standards Plus 'The Local', Wed @ Sproul
(though unfair labor practices do
See ecologycenter.org for more details
continue to occur), while non-Fair

15

Your Local Stream

T

he two forks of Strawberry Creek, your local
stream, begin high in the Berkeley hills. Meeting
on campus in the Eucalyptus Grove and flowing
westward, the creek eventually empties into the Bay.
Today, after leaving campus the creek is directed
underground, beneath the city's streets. It's also
contaminated with tritium. But it wasn't always this
way. There are stories of Big Game barbecues in the
30s, behind the Alumni House, during which 40pound salmon were pulled from Strawberry Creek and
thrown on the grill.
Currently, most of Strawberry Creek is kept
underground in a culvert. Culverts, straight
underground tunnels of metal or concrete, prevent the
formation of pools or meandering banks. The
straightened creek flows faster and stronger, removing
areas of slower flow essential for stream life, and
heightening erosion and water quality problems
downstream. Underground, the creek has no chance to
grow vegetation, and the creek becomes completely
impassable for fish travelling upstream.
But there is some hope for Strawberry Creek. As part
of their Downtown Area Plan, the City of Berkeley is
considering making Center Street between Oxford and
Shattuck a pedestrian walkway and "daylighting"
(resurfacing) Strawberry Creek. This would restore
native vegetation to the area, and to provide a habitat
for stream wildlife. Creekside vegetation would

What’s in Strawberry Canyon?
Strawberry Canyon, the area behind the Memorial
Stadium and one of the creek's watersheds, is more
than a wild-land area. It is also home to the scientificindustrial development centered around the Lawrence
Berkeley National Labs (LBNL), owned by the
Department of Energy (DOE) and managed by the
UC.
Contamination: In 1991, a DOE assessment found
678 violations of DOE regulations at LBNL, finding
that Berkeley air, soil, and water was contaminated
with tritium (radioactive hydrogen) and other
radioactive substances and toxic chemicals.
The Molecular Foundry: The recent construction of
this nanotech facility was carried out without an
Environmental Impact Report, despite a lack of
knowledge regarding the potential health effects of
nano-particle emissions resulting from the Foundry’s
work.
British Petroleum: The planned British Petroleum
energy bioscience research center will form part of
the LBNL’s Helios Project. It will be researching and
developing the uses of genetically engineered
microbes for energy purposes (see the BP article).
More info: The Committee to Minimize Toxic Waste
has produced reports on these issues, and can be
found at cmtwberkeley.org Past victories include the
closing down of the National Tritium Labeling
Facility and the relocation of the Canyon Chemical
Facility.

decrease erosion and work in conjunction with algae
and bacteria to filter out and remove toxins and
pollutants such as oils and metals from the roadway. A
creek in downtown Berkeley would be a wonderful
way for the public to connect with Strawberry Creek's
history and ecology, as well as that of the local
watershed. The creek could be used as an instructional
area for Berkeley High, only blocks away. It would
also offer a relaxing escape from the concrete of
downtown.
he daylighting of Strawberry Creek will take
much energy, negotiation, and funding. As of
December 2007, the policy approved by the Plan’s
Advisory Committee calls for further study of the
daylighting proposal, including whether it would be
more ‘feasible’ to simply construct a re-circulated
water feature. The City is also considering the option
of daylighting the creek further down Center St at
MLK Memorial Park. With community engagement
and support, Strawberry Creek can be restored.

T

More info at:

16

www.ci.berkeley.ca.us/Planning/LandUse/dap/
strawberrycreekplaza.org

T HE C AL S PIRIT
C

al students are well known for their school spirit,
evidenced by the Bancroft and Telegraph catwalks
of Cal merchandise. But there's another kind of spirit at
Cal, one that is equally unifying but less materialistic or
competitive - spirituality. Berkeley offers an abundance
of opportunities to learn about and experiment with
spiritual practices from across the globe.
Michael Nagler, the founder of Peace and Conflict
Studies at Berkeley, borrows a definition of Spirituality
from the Scottish Council of Churches: an "attempt to
grow in sensitivity to self, to others, to nonhuman
creations and to God who is within and
beyond this totality." While I usually
shirk away from "God talk", the idea
of a universe with infinite
interdependent
beings,
who
recreate the world with each new
action, is something incredibly
interesting to me. Raising my
awareness of this totality and our
interdependance has acted to guide
my activism on campus and in the
community.
started my own spiritual journey
when I began practicing Buddhism
nearly three years ago in New York. I practice
with the Soka Gakkai International (sgi.org) and the
World Peace Buddhist Club, which is a Berkeley student
group of Nichiren Buddhists who gather weekly to
chant and discuss Buddhist philosophy. This is one of
dozens of student clubs that welcome Berkeley students
to try new forms of chanting, meditation and prayer -look for them on Sproul.
Outside of the student groups, I enrolled in the Peace
and Conflict Studies Meditation class. Four mornings a
week, there is a half-hour lecture by a professor,
followed by silent meditation for another half hour. This
form of meditation is nondenominational but has a
slight Hindu orientation. There is also a very popular
decal entitled “Meditation, Mysticism and the Mind”

I

(meditate.berkeley.edu), which introduces students to a
variety of spiritual practices.
In addition to taking classes on spiritual practice there
is a plethora of courses on spiritual philosophies. I took
a phenomenal course on Hindu Mythology with Dr.
Gonzales Reimann in the South Asian Studies
department! Taking a class might be a great way to learn
more about your area of interest. One drawback of
taking a course on spirituality from a non-practitioner
and without an opportunity to practice yourself is that it
may leave you intellectually enriched but spiritually
unsatisfied.
One alternative is cross registering at the Graduate
Theological Union (gtu.edu). At GTU they blend
analysis with practice by offering courses in
Christian and Jewish Mysticism, Sufism
and Buddhism for credit by practitioners.
I have taken three courses at the GTU
including one on Mysticism and Social
Change which was truly life
enhancing. Other spiritual resources
off campus range from Hari Krisna
Temples to the Unitarian Universalists.
inally, there are various indirect
ways to tap into your greater self
and awaken to the interdependence of the
world. Introduction to Nonviolence, offered
by the PACS department, teaches a spiritually
grounded form of social analysis and
activism. The Recreational Sports Facilities
offers Yoga and Qi Gong classes, where you can
strengthen your body and awaken your consciousness.
If you look hard you can find a course that discusses
systems theory, ecology, permaculture, holistic healing
or other manifestations of a worldview that emphasizes
universal interconnectedness and the role that your
consciousness plays in the social, ecological and
spiritual fabric of the universe.
There may be no campus more ripe with opportunities
to experiment with spirituality. You may not like
everything you try, but as my spiritual mentor Daisaku
Ikeda says, “If you fall seven times, get up the eighth.”
So get out there and get involved with campus spirit!

F

Animal Rights - According to the University, over 40,000 animals are housed on the
Berkeley campus at the Northwest Animal Facility for research and testing purposes. The
secured facility is located underground at the corner of Hearst and Oxford. Most animals
are mice and cold-blooded animals, but the facility also houses non-human primates and
other large mammals. In one previous experiment, neural electrodes were implanted into
cats for up to 8 days, with pain response measured only every 8 hours. Berkeley
Organization for Animal Advocacy (BOAA) has more info: www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~boaa/

17

nuclear
reaction

grave environmental contamination
caused by the labs, which are loaded
down with various forms of toxic
sludge and dangerous chemicals.
Both the LLNL and LANL sites
suffer from extreme soil and water
contamination,
the
result
of
extensive on-site work designing and
testing bomb components, and
LLNL has a long history of leaks,
weapons lab management.
and
accidents.
Both
ven apart from the potential for spills
Livermore’s
main
site
and
Site
300,
a
the US to again use nuclear
weapons at horrific costs, the process high explosives testing facility, are
“Superfund sites” – on Congress’ list
of the most contaminated sites in the
country.

UC AND THE BOMB

F

MANHATTAN PROJECT TO
2008, THE UC HAS BEEN INVOLVED

ROM THE

IN THE DESIGN OF EVERY NUCLEAR
WEAPON IN THE US ARSENAL.

F

ourty-three miles southeast of
UC Berkeley, barricaded by
dozens of armed security guards
and buried under a mountain of
controversy, lies the Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory
(LLNL). LLNL and its twin lab,
New Mexico's Los Alamos
National Laboratory (LANL),
have been managed by the
University of California since their
respective inceptions in 1952 and
1942, under contract with the US
Department of Energy. In this role,
our university and its employees
have been involved in the design of
every nuclear weapon in the US
arsenal, including those dropped on
Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
The UC claims that the operation of
the labs is a “public
service” that helps to
“enlighten,
educate,
and train students and
teachers at all levels”
and contributes to our
“national
security”.
But to many less convinced about
the value of nuclear weapons, the
labs have long been symbols of the
tragically misshapen priorities of one
of the world’s most prestigious
educational institutions. What the
UC’s official line fails to recognize
is the horrific human, environmental,
and moral implications of nuclear

18

E

A

mong other hazardous effects,
LLNL has released a million
curies of airborne radiation, roughly
equal to the amount of radiation
released by the Hiroshima bomb.
Lab documents disclose that
Livermore wines contain four times
the tritium found in other California
wines, and a California Department
of Health Services investigation
found that children in Livermore are
six times more likely to develop
malignant melanoma than other
children in Alameda County.

S

c by flickr:7969902@N07
of designing nuclear weapons has
huge costs for local Bay Area and
New Mexico communities. The DOE
has declared the 50-mile radius
around each facility as the ‘affected
population’, an area that includes
over seven million people. Take the

ome
have
defended
the
management of the labs with the
question of “If not the UC, then
who?” While a reasonable question,
it does not make the fact that the UC
continues to play a leading
role in the design of
nuclear weapons any less
morally reprehensible. In
fact,
the
UC’s
management has been
useful for the labs in a
number of ways. As a prestigious
university, the UC lends an air of
legitimacy to the labs which has
acted to shield them from criticism.
And until recently, the UC’s
nonprofit status exempted the labs
from fines and taxes. In September
2003, the DOE fined the University

order to revamp the US arsenal. The
Livermore lab is currently designing
the first of these new bombs.

of California $137,500 for violating
radiation controls when a chemist
attempted to purify a radioactive
material without using proper safety
equipment. Because of the nonprofit
status, the UC was exempt from the
fine, thus removing a key financial
incentive for the labs to take all the
necessary (and expensive) safety
precautions.

T

U

ntil 2006/2007, the labs were
under
the
exclusive
management of the UC. Due to DOE
concerns over safety, security, and
financial management at the labs, in
2003 (LANL) and 2007 (LLNL) the
contract for management of the labs
was opened to competition for the
first time. The UC formed two
corporations with new private
partners also involved in the military
industry

Bechtel,
BWX
Technologies,
and
Washington
Group International – to compete for
the contracts. These companies,
called Lawrence Livermore/Los

In fact, the US is currently
in the midst of developing
a new series of nuclear
weapons, known as the
Reliable
Replacement
Warhead (RRW), in order
to revamp to US arsenal.
The Livermore lab is
currently designing the
first of these new bombs.
Alamos
National
Security
respectively, were awarded the
contracts and continue to operate
these
labs.
High-ranking
UC
administrative officials continue to
sit on the boards of both companies,
and play a key role in continuing
development of the US nuclear
arsenal.

W

hile
the
anti-nuclear
movement reached its peak in
the 1980s, only to diminish in size
with the end of the cold war, the
issue remains urgent. In the last few
years, the anti-nuclear movement
was crucial in the US’s abandonment
of the Robust Nuclear Earth
Penetration project. While insisting
that countries such as Iran uphold
their commitment under the Nuclear
Non-Proliferation Treaty not to
develop nuclear weapons, the US
continues to ignore its own
commitment under Article VI of the
treaty to negotiate in good faith with
other nuclear powers to bring about
an end to nuclear weapons. In fact,
the US is currently in the midst of
developing a new series of nuclear
weapons, known as the Reliable
Replacement Warhead (RRW), in

he last decade has also seen an
ever-growing student movement
at the UC, working to oppose the
UC’s involvement in the production
of nuclear weapons, and oppose
nuclear weapons in general. Spring
2007 saw the cross-campus student
organization
Coalition
to
Demilitarize the UC stage a nine-day
hunger strike. Over 40 students
participated in the strike across four
UC campuses, including Berkeley, to
pressure the Regents to cut all ties
with the nuclear weapon labs.
California-wide
demilitarization
conferences are held at a UC campus
every semester, to organize and plan
the next steps in this growing
movement. On the Berkeley campus,
a DeCal class is regularly held to
educate students about the relevant
issues.
For more information visit:
UCNUCLEARFREE.ORG
FIATPAX.NET
TRIVALLEYCARES.ORG
or email YOUTH@NAPF.ORG.
The UC's introduction to the labs
can be found at
ucop.edu/ucal/labs/welcome.html .

N UCLEAR F REE B ERKELEY A CT
This act, approved by voters in 1986, was designed
to remove the city of Berkeley's connections to the
nuclear economy.
Within the city of Berkeley, it
prohibits all "work for nuclear weapons", the
operation of any nuclear reactor, or food irradiation
with radioactive materials. Also, the City of Berkeley
may not grant contracts to any business engaged in
work for nuclear weapons, unless no alternative
exists.
The University and the Lawrence Berkeley
Labs have chosen not to comply with this law.

19

Stop the Wa r(s)! Stop the Spy i n g!
“And the rockets’ red
glare, the bombs
bursting in air…”

W

hen you hear that song, do you
tend to think not of pumpkin pie
but of the 655,000 Iraqis who have lost
their lives as a direct result of the U.S.led invasion and occupation? How about
the 4.5 million Iraqis who have fled their
homes? Or the 1953 U.S. overthrow of
Iran’s
democratically
elected government on
behalf
of
British
Petroleum (Cal’s new best
friend)?

On the same day as the Sproul Hall
occupation, a significant number of Cal's
student activists, especially co-opers,
were on the other side of the bay
engaged in an early-morning direct
action takeover of San Francisco's
downtown. Operating on an Affinity
Group model, activists surrounded and
barricaded the federal building with their
bodies, the headquarters of war
profiteers such as Bechtel, and shut
down numerous traffic intersections, and

Union (an ASUC facility). In response,
BSTW organized a rally outside the
building on April 21, 2005, and then
flooded the military recruiter table with
nonviolent protesters in an attempt to
stop them from being able to recruit. It
worked for a few hours: the Marines
were so busy talking to BSTW members
who stood in line waiting their chance to
challenge the military's homophobic
policies and destructive wars that the
recruiters were unable to conduct
business as usual.

No to Spying!

On December 14th,
2005, MSNBC revealed
that the U.S. Department
If you do, you might
of
Defense
Offense
want to look up the
(DoO)
had
been
Berkeley Stop the War
monitoring and spying on
Coalition (BSTW). And if
hundreds of anti-war
you don’t think about
groups
through
its
these things, check out
TALON
program,
Frank Dorrel’s film “What
including BSTW. A copy
I’ve Learned About U.S.
of the DoO database
Foreign Policy.” You will.
obtained by MSNBC
No to War!
even attempted (with limited success) to listed BSTW's April 21, 2005
BSTW was founded by prescient shut down the Bay Bridge. Over 1,400 nonviolent counter-recruitment protest
students on September 12th, 2001. people were arrested, many Cal students as a "threat."
BSTW members contacted the
BSTW’s three points of unity are: 1) among them.
American Civil Liberties Union to ask
Stop the war; 2) Defend all targeted No to Military Recruiters!
for help. Acting on behalf of BSTW as
communities; and 3) Defend civil
liberties. BSTW opposed the War of BSTW moved on to organize a number well as Students Against War (SAW) of
Terror’s first chapter in Afghanistan, and of counter-recruitment activities. In UCSC and SF State, ACLU filed a
then moved on to protest Operation Iraqi March 2005, BSTW worked with the Freedom of Information Act Request
Liberation (OIL). On March 20th, 2003 - ASUC Senate to pass a bill banning all (FOIA) in an attempt to obtain
the morning after the bombs started military recruiters from ASUC facilities documents related to the spying.
falling - BSTW gathered thousands of and calling on Chancellor Birgeneau and When the federal government declined
students for a massive rally that packed the Regents to ban recruiters from the to process the FOIA request on an
Sproul Plaza, then conducted a sit-in UCs. Due to the threat of losing federal expedited basis, ACLU filed a lawsuit.
protest and occupation of Sproul Hall. funding, UC administration decided to ACLU's arguments carried the day in
119 were arrested. UC administration ignore the will of the ASUC and allowed court. Eventually, the DoO delivered a
chose to target three students for military recruiters into career fairs, stack of documents the size of a phone
including those held at the MLK Student
academic sanctions, but
book, with vast tracts of
social justice luminaries bstw.blogspot.com | berkeleystopthewar@gmail.com black lines running through
such as Green Party
them. The spying program
- To join the March 20th 2008 Direct Action Against
Gubernatorial
candidate
was quite extensive, part of
War Collective: takedirectaction@riseup.net
Peter Camejo spoke up in
a larger push by the Bush
- For help with civil liberties: www.aclunc.org
defense of the “The
- Berkeley Teach-in Against War for some great videos: Administration to spy on
Berkeley Three.”
millions.
btiaw.org

20

FOOD

NOT

E

ast Bay Food Not Bombs started
in 1991. FNB recovers healthy,
nutritious, vegetarian food that would
have been otherwise discarded, to
cook food for people in immediate
need. By giving away free, vegetarian
food in public places FNB brings the
invisible hungry and poor into the
public's eye, forcing passers-by to
examine, at least for a moment, their
own complicity and involvement in
the global economic system that
oppresses every one of us. FNB is
protest, not charity.
While FNB is a loosely-knit group of
hundreds of collectives, each FNB
group shares some basic unifying
principles:
1. Nonviolence Our society is
dominated by violence - economic,
political,
environmental,
and
psychological. The authority and
power of the government is based
solely on the threat and use of
violence at home and abroad. FNB is
committed to a vision of society that
is motivated by love and sharing, not
violence and greed.

Commons for Everyone?
In 2007, City of Berkeley Major
Tom Bates launched a new
initiative
called
"Public
Commons for Everyone". While
claiming that the new set of laws
did not target the homeless, their
aim was to clear out those who lie
on sidewalks and smoke in
commercial
areas
-overwhelmingly the homeless.
Supporters argue that by ending
this behavior, sales tax would
increase and more services for the
homeless could be provided. For
many homeless people and their
advocates, however, the new laws
are simply a further attempt to
remove the homeless from view.
Actually providing the services
and facilites these people need is
left as a future promise.

BOMBS

2. Consensus Decision Making
Rather then relying on a system of
"winner takes all", FNB believes that
every member of the group should
have the opportunity to participate in
shaping all of the group's decisions.
The consensus process ensures that
the will of the majority does not
dismiss the values and contributions
of everyone else. Consensus process
forces us to resolve conflicts through

MORE
F REE M EALS !
If you are hungry or want to
get involved...

negotiation and compromise rather
than overruling and censoring.
3. Vegetarianism FNB serves almost
exclusively vegan food (no animal
products), and attempts to ensure that
most of its food is organic. Keith
McHenry,
co-founder
of
FNB
explains: “For one, we want to show
our stance of nonviolence against
animals, that nonviolence means more
than not fighting wars. The other
reason is ecological — vegetarian
food, and vegan food in particular,
uses much fewer resources in terms of
water, land and so on.”
aily cooking locations can be
found at ebfnb.org Turn up and
help cook! Or come along to People's
Park at 2.30 or 3pm, Monday to
Friday, to eat or serve!

D

Breakfast
- Trinity United Methodist
Church, Bancroft at Dana,
Mon - Sat at 8am
- People's Park, Dwight above
Telegraph, Sun at 7:30am
Lunch
- Food not Bombs, People's Park,
Mon - Fri, approx. 3pm
- McGee Avenue Baptist Church,
Stuart at McGee,
Mon, Wed, Fri at noon
- St. Paul AME Church, Ashby at
Adeline, Tues at 11:30am
- South Berkeley Community
Church, Fairview at Ellis,
Thurs at noon
- Church by the side of the Road,
Russel at Shattuck,
2nd Sun at noon
Dinner
- Trinity United Methodist
Church, Bancroft at Dana,
Mon, Tue, Wed at 4:15pm,
Thurs, Fri at 3:30pm
- United Methodist Church, 63rd
and Shattuck, Mon at 4pm
- St. Mary Magdalen Church,
Berryman at Henry,
1st and 4th Sun at 3pm
- All Soul's Episcopal Church,
Cedar at Spruce, 2nd Sun at 4pm

For updates, contact the
Catholic Worker @ 510 6841892/ noscw@sbcglobal.net

21

T

here are many opportunities at Cal to take good
classes, learn valuable information, be inspired,
learn about your community and place in the world,
and to grow as a student and person. The challenge
is to wade through what doesn't move you, and to
find and take advantage of what does.

T

he DE-CAL CLASSES are a good place to start to
find classes and other students that speak to
you. De-cal stands for democratic education at Cal. The
classes are student-taught, and about a wide range of
topics from female sexuality, meditation, male sexuality,
teaching in prison, rap as poetry, esperanto, salsa
dancing, student publications, and Dr. Suess. There are
so many that we can't list them all here. They're
generally two unit classes. Go to decal.org to see a list
of this year's classes. Or start your own! Note that the
deadlines are very early to get your papers filed, so plan
in advance.
Anthro 139 -- Controlling Processes, Laura Nader
Anthro 148 - Anthropology of the Environment, Donald Moore
African American Studies 156 -- Poetry for the People, Junichi
Semitsu
Chicano Studies courses, Alex M. Saragoza
City and Regional Planning Courses, Ananya Roy
Copwatch DeCal -- see decal.org
Development Studies 10 -- Introduction to Development,
Michael Watts

Ethnic Studies 130AC -- The Making of
Multicultural America, Victoria Robinson

Where's our
Water from?

22

Progressive
Education
at Cal
LAS 150 -- Perspectives in Sustainable Rural Development in
Latin America, Clara Ines Nicholls
ESPM 50AC- Culture and Natural Resource Management,
Finney
ESPM 165 -- International Rural Development Policy, Eric HoltGimenez
ESPM courses with Miguel Altieri, Claudia Carr
Geography courses with Richard Walker
Geography 159AC -- The Southern Border, Manz and Shaiken
History courses with Beshara Doumani
IB 117 -- Medical Ethnobotany, Tom Carlson
Plant and Microbial Biology 113 -- California Mushrooms
MCB 62 -- Drugs in the Brain, David Presti
Astronomy 10 -- Introduction to Astronomy, Alex Filippenko
Native American Studies 151 -- Native American Philosophy,
Hernandez
Near Eastern Studies 190 -- Islamic Studies, Hatem Bazian
PACS 154 -- Multicultural Conflict Resolution, Ng and Madrid
PACS 164A & 164B -- Nonviolence, no replacement for Micheal
Nagler yet
For more classes, see
www.caldisorientation.org.

Here in Berkeley we drink nice fresh water piped straight
from the Mokelumne river in the Sierras -- some of the
best water possible (far better than most bottled
water!). The water flows down out of the melting

Questionnaire for Heterosexuals

1
2
3
4
5

. When and how did you first decide you were a
heterosexual?
. To whom have you disclosed your
heterosexual tendencies? How did they
react?
. Why do heterosexuals feel compelled
to seduce others into their lifestyle?
. Why do you insist on flaunting your
heterosexuality? Can’t you just be
what you are and keep it quiet?
. If you’ve never slept with a person
of the same sex, how can you be
sure you wouldn’t prefer that?
. A disproportionate majority of child
molesters are heterosexual men. Do
you consider it safe to expose children
to heterosexual male teachers,
pediatricians, priests, or scoutmasters?
. Could you trust a heterosexual
therapist to be objective? Don’t you
fear s/he might be inclined to
influence you in the direction of
her/his own leanings?
. Shouldn’t you ask your far-out
straight cohorts, like skinheads and
born-agains, to keep quiet? Wouldn’t that improve
your image?

6
7
8

9

. Why do you attribute heterosexuality to so
many famous people? Is it to justify your own
heterosexuality?
. There seem to be very few happy
heterosexuals. Techniques have
been developed that might enable
you to change if you really want to.
Have you considered aversion therapy
or Heterosexuals Anonymous?

10

OUTLET PEER ADVISING
OutLet is an online student-run
peer
advising
service.
Cal
students with questions about
coming out or about their sexual
orientation and gender identities
can speak to other students, trained
as peer advisors, in safe, confidential
manner, online. At some point in our
lives, we all have a question or
problem that we do not feel
comfortable discussing face-to-face
- anything from a question about
an STD to a conflict with a
roommate.
Recognizing
and
exploring
sexual
and
gender
identity for the first time is easier
with community support. Check us
out online: OUTLET.BERKELEY.EDU

snowcaps and collects behind Pardee Dam and
Camanche Dam in the foothills east of Lodi, and is
then pumped through 100 miles of pipes to fill the
system of East Bay reservoirs -- San

Leandro, San Pablo, Chabot, and Briones. After
temporary storage in these reservoirs, the
water is treated and pumped into the
municipal water system, about 200
million gallons a day of it.
We benefit greatly from a
plentiful
water
supply
unaffected by the pesticides
and fertilizers from the Central
Valley, but it comes at a price.
Tens of thousands of salmon
once spawned every year in the Mokelumne
gravel beds, but the construction of the Pardee Dam in 1929 destroyed miles
of riverside habitat and blocked off all upstream spawning areas. The
Camanche Dam, built in 1963, blocked most of the remaining salmon habitat.

23

The Phoenix Coalition to Free the UC

W

hat can we do together that we cannot do on our
own? This was the question that brought a diverse
group of over 40 students and community activists together
at Memorial Glade in March 2007. They came from groups
including the Berkeley Stop the War Coalition, the
Association of South Asian Political Activists, Berkeley
National Organization for Women, and many more.
As students dialogued, answers emerged. They realized
that their commonality was their love for the University of
California – not necessarily what it is now, but what it could
be. In the words of one activist, “The University of
California is out of control!” Students realized that together,
they could overcome the sense of alienation often
associated with working for social change. By illuminating
how different issues are interdependent, and by organizing
around concepts and tools that shed light on this
interdependence, everyone could achieve more. The
numerous issues that brought the students together
included: the UC’s nuclear weapons labs, inadequate pay to
custodians, military recruiters on campus, drops in
underrepresented minorities, the Oak Grove and the British
Petroleum deal.

People’s University - No grades, no student loans.
Knowledge is free and universal. Thinking outside the academic
walls of this Institution, last semester Phoenix organized a
People's University. They stepped into the shade of the Wheeler
Tree to share their passions and to teach each other. Teachers are
students… and students are the hope of the future. Inspiring
activists, progressive faculty, and enthusiastic young people have
a rich history of developing critical thinking through free
community education. Next semester, you can be a part of it. The
People's University will bring dialogue and new connections
between people with different perspectives, creating an Institution
of Life. Collective Intelligence.

and a People's University to provide an alternate education
lacking at Cal. The Disorientation Collective was one group
to emerge out of the Coaltion.

Facebook Censorship?

When the UC police erected a fence around the Oak
Grove in August 2007, one Phoenix member called for a
spontaneous nonviolent action to dismantle the fence,
sending a message to the Phoenix Facebook group
proposing the idea. He called for people to bring music and
flowers to the action. The message was never delivered, and
the Facebook group was deleted without notification to the
The Coalition's goal was a “rebirth” of the UC - to administrators. The group eventually reappeared on the
“transform the University from an elitist, corporate, Facebook site with no explanation for the apparent
militaristic, autocratic institution into a responsible, just, censorship.
diverse, equitable, democratically-governed body that
educates and works for the common welfare.” The Phoenix Policy Goals of the Phoenix Coalition
1) Reform UC education to more substantively support
Coalition to Free the UC was born.
peace, sustainability, diversity, and indigenous knowledge.
he Phoenix Coalition participated in a variety of events
in 2007, including a tree-sit on Sproul plaza, a walk- 2) Demilitarize the University.
out on May 1st to support immigrant rights, a hunger strike 3) Create and adopt a set of ethical guidelines that govern
against nuclear weapons development, a direct action at the all aspects of the University’s scientific research as well as
Regents meeting, the successful Peace Not Prejudice week, relationships with and investments in corporations and
regimes, considering issues of social and environmental
justice.

T

4) Uphold social justice in all aspects of the
University’s functioning and relations with workers,
students, and faculty, both at home and abroad.
5) Be an environmental steward and sustainability
leader in all aspects of the University’s functioning.
6)

Democratize the University’s decision-making
bodies, structures, and governance, including a
substantial decision-making role for students, faculty,
staff, and the community members of affected cities
and areas where UCs are located.

Plans are afoot for The Phoenix to rise
again in Spring '08. Keep your eye on
freetheuc.org

24

Berkeley Free Clinic

I

f you are in need of free health care,
or looking to become involved in
grassroots
healthcare
provision,
contact the Berkeley Free Clinic. Do
not let yourself go untreated when an
option is only as far away as 2339
Durant Ave (west of Dana).
berkeleyfreeclinic.org

Founded in 1969 to treat
victims of police brutality
during the People's Park
riots, the Berkeley Free
Clinic operates on the
principle that health care
is a right, not a privilege.
Information Resource Collective (510) 548-2570 ext. 6400
The IRC provides information in
areas such as addiction programs,
medical
needs,
mental
health
resources, shelters, legal services, and
much more. To obtain information
about health and social services in the
community or Free Clinic services,
call the IRC! Sun 4 - 7pm, Mon-Fri 3 9pm, and Sat 8am - 5pm.

Peer Counseling - (510) 548-2744
This confidential service is provided
by lay volunteers trained in active
listening skills, and as such is NOT an
appropriate resource if you want to get
your prescription renewed: this is the
basic, "talking therapy" approach.
Ongoing
scheduled
individual
counseling can be set up. On Mon thru
Thur. evenings, registration is accepted
at 6:45pm for the drop-in service.
General Medical Services - (510)
548-4811 or (800) 6-CLINIC
The Berkeley Free Clinic is open for
general medical services in the
evenings Mon-Fri. Tuesday evenings
is TB services only, while general
medical services are provided on all
other weeknights. Please call at
5:45pm to arrange a same-evening
appointment.
HIV Services - (510) 644-0425
Berkeley
Free
Clinic
offers
anonymous HIV antibody testing, with
results
available
the
following
weekend. This service is offered on a
drop-in basis on Sunday from 4pm. If
you sign-in for services by 7pm, we
will test you that evening. Saturday is
women's only drop-in from 12 - 2pm

(Men are welcome to come as support
for their partners/friends). Results are
available the following week on Sat. 4
- 5pm or Sun. 4 - 7pm.
olunteer - It takes over 30,000
hours a year to run the Free
Clinic, so they are always looking for
new volunteers. You certainly don't
need to be medically trained to
volunteer - many roles need filling
and training is provided. Visit
berkeleyfreeclinic.org for more info.
Another option is to volunteer with
the student-run Suitcase Clinic,
which provides free health services to
Berkeley's homeless and low-income
populations. suitcaseclinic.org

V

The Student Co-ops

Y

ou've probably heard of the co-ops. 1,300 students in
Berkeley live in them, across 17 different houses that
range in size from less than 20 to more than 140 people.
There are also three apartment buildings. What's unique
about the co-ops is that as a resident, you literally own the
space and you are your own landlord. Because no one
makes a profit from your rent, living in the co-ops tends to
be cost effective. Plus, the houses are run democratically by
their residents, not an external power.
What can you expect? Because there is no
one running the house but you, there's a 5
hour workshift requirement each week. You
could end up cooking dinner, cleaning,
gardening, or even organizing house parties.
You have access to the kitchen and food
whenever you want it (it's yours!) Many people who move
into the co-ops find themselves a part of a real community
for the first time, with all the friendship, love, conflict and

support that come along with it.
The co-ops also have a long history as a base of student
activism in Berkeley. Because the co-ops date back to the
depression of the 1930s, co-opers have been at the center of
resistance to discrimination against Japanese-Americans in
WWII, in the civil rights and anti-war movements of the
60s, the anti-apartheid movement of the 80s, and more
recently, against the Iraq War and in the struggle to save the
Memorial Oak Grove.
Unfortunately the co-ops aren’t as cheap as they once
were, due in large part to several lawsuits against the co-ops
in recent years. The co-ops now cost slightly over $3000 for
a semester, including food and utilities. It is a lot cheaper
than the dorms or greeks, fairly comparable to most private
housing options, but a lot more fun than either!
You can find out more on their website at www.usca.org,
or at their office on 2424 Ridge Rd.

25

A LTERNATIVE M ENSTRUAL P RODUCTS
n an effort to reduce my own consumption, I’ve turned a
critical eye to as many elements of my life as possible,
especially those marketed as necessary. Like most other
people with vaginas, I menstruate. And like many of those, I
didn’t know until I actively started looking that there were
any alternatives to tampons and disposable pads. These
alternatives may not be the preferred choice for everyone,
but considering that in 1998 in the US alone, 7 billion
tampons and 13 billion pads (and their packaging) made it
into landfills and sewage systems, it’s important to know
that there are alternatives.
Menstrual cups – about $30. These were first developed
in the 1920s, but you probably haven’t heard of them
because it’s less profitable to sell something that can be
reused for years. Menstrual cups are made of flexible
silicone (the Divacup) or rubber (The Keeper), and work by
sitting inside the vagina, with the mouth of the cup around
your cervix. They collect, rather than absorb, the menstrual
flow and are then removed, washed, and reinserted. They
are less irritating and drying because they collect only the
menstrual flow without absorbing all the other moisture in
your vagina, and the risk of toxic shock syndrom is much
lower. They are really convenient for travel and physical
activity because you don’t need to carry anything around
with you and need to be emptied less often than you change
tampons or pads (about twice a
day). You can’t feel them
when they are inside you
properly, but it does
take some people a
while to get used
to them. When
inserting
and
removing the cup, it
helps a lot to tense and
relax your pelvic muscles
(klegels) to sort of suck it it
and push it out. Menstrual cups
allow you to see how much
menstrual fluid you produce, which
can be useful in keeping track of any
sudden changes in your cycle, and can help
you feel less grossed out by the workings of
your body. Blood can be composted or put straight into soil
as a fertilizer. If you're really adventurous, you can even
paint with it!
Cloth pads – free or $20. Disposable pads cannot be
composted because of their plastic adhesive backing. Cloth
pads are a reusable alternative. You might expect cloth pads
to be diaper-like or prone to leaks, but I have found them to
be far more comfortable and none has ever leaked on me.

26

drooker.com

I

You can purchase well-made commercial ones or even
make your own from scrap fabric. Some cloth pads have
just one layer, while some have a slit in the back where you
can insert more fabric for a heavier flow. I soak mine in cold
water then handwash them. It's no more of a hassle than it
would be to coordinate going to the store to buy disposable
pads.
Where? Elephant Pharmacy (Shattuck and Cedar) sells
some cloth pads, Divacups, as well as organic disposable
products if you're not down with reuseables. lunapads.com
is a small, women-owned business selling more cloth pads
and Divacups. divacup.com and thekeeper.com also sell
and have more info on their products. Some of these
websites offer money-back trial periods of several months.
Patterns to make your own pads can be found online, such
as at diapersewing.com/clothpads.htm

Women's Rights: In 2004, U.S. Equal
Employment Opportunity Commission received
13,136 charges of sexual harassment, 85% of which
were filed by women. Rape and sexual assault are
often underreported. The Berkeley branch of the
National Organization of Women (NOW) works to
raise awareness about feminism and violence against
women near campus, and to create a safe campus
community. As a multiethnic student group on
campus, they strive to be diverse and inclusive of all.
NOW addresses issues including immigration,
reproductive
rights
and
marriage
equality.
ucbnow.berkely.edu On campus, the Gender Equity
Resource Center provides support and resources
focusing
on
gender
and
sexuality.
students.berkeley.edu/osl/geneq.asp

Nonviolence: The "Soul Force"
From India and the U.S. to the Czech Republic
and Chile, over one billion people are living in a
regime that has been significantly affected by a
nonviolent social movement.

not a nonviolent movement accomplishes its stated
objectives, it always works on a deeper level to influence
the consciousness of humanity and rearrange the status quo
for the better.

W

H

ere at UC Berkeley, students have been harnessing the
hat exactly is nonviolence? Although the word
power of nonviolence to oppose the oppressive UC
conjures up images of passivity, nonviolence is
humanity’s most creative, positive, and affirmative power. Regents structure and the UC Administration for decades.
Mahatma Gandhi called it “soul force.” In a campaign for The highpoint of nonviolent activism at Cal was
unquestionably the 1964 Free Speech
social change, nonviolence takes the form of active and
Movement. The legacy continues
affirmative resistance to the oppressor, including the
up to the present day: in 2007,
acceptance of self-suffering if necessary.
nonviolent activists protested
Nonviolent obstruction usually falls into one
nuclear weapons at the UC
of the following two areas:
Regents meetings, sat in oak
• Non-cooperation: Strikes, boycotts, and
trees to protect them, and
divestment.
Example:
the
famous
more. We hope you will
Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955, when
choose to join the experiment
African-American civil rights advocates
in
nonviolence!
refused to ride segregated buses.

Prof. Nagler Leaves UC

• Civil disobedience: Openly breaking morally
reprehensible
laws
and
accepting
the
consequences. Example: protestors who illegally
cross the line onto the property of the School of
the Americas, a Georgia, U.S.-based training
facility for third-world paramilitary assassins.

“Nonviolence is the greatest force
at the disposal of humankind. It
is mightier than the mightiest
weapon of destruction devised
by the ingenuity of man."
– Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi breaking the
British salt laws

All of these actions are ideally done with love and
compassion for the oppressor, in an attempt to persuade
them to drop the oppression and see the truth. Nonviolence
is patient and loving, yet firm; it seeks to break down
barriers and rebuild communities.

T

he other side of nonviolence is “constructive
programme,” that which we do to build our own power
and self-reliance, projects that bond us together. It is up to
us to build the world in which we wish to live. Great
examples here in Berkeley include the Suitcase Clinic, the
Berkeley Free Clinic, Food Not Bombs, The Local, and
education for peace and sustainability.
Skeptics assume that nonviolence can never succeed
against truly ruthless regimes – but in fact, it already has.
From Marcos in the Philippines to Milošević in Serbia,
dictator after dictator has fallen to the power of the people –
a power that starts inside each individual. And whether or

The founder of Berkeley's
Peace and Conflict Studies
(PACS) program, Prof. Michael
Nagler has left an enduring
legacy of education and activism
for peace at Berkeley. While no
longer
teaching
nonviolence
classes at UC Berkeley, Nagler is
still active as a speaker, writer and
meditation teacher, as well as being founder
and president of the Metta Center for
Nonviolence Education here in Berkeley.

PeacePower magazine
Created and run by students, PeacePower contributes to a
unique and optimistic vision of a better world. The
publication focuses on nonviolent activism, such as the
recent uprising in Burma and the Combatants for Peace in
Israel/Palestine, as well as local activism such as antiviolence campaigns in Richmond. The PeacePower decal
class has opportunities for all types of interests, including
writing,
editing,
design
and
business.
Visit
calpeacepower.org for back issues and more info.

Want to learn more?
- Visit mettacenter.org or volunteer at the Metta Center
- Webcasts of Prof. Michael Nagler’s PACS 164A:
Introduction to Nonviolence and PACS 164B:
Nonviolence Today (links at mettacenter.org)
- The Search for a Nonviolent Future and Hope or
Terror: Gandhi and the Other 9/11 by Michael Nagler
and Gandhi: The Man by Eknath Easwaran

27

Ad m i s s i o n t o P a r a d i s e
o r B a b y l o n?
T

I

n poor schools across the country, college
admission is discussed as if it is a golden
ticket into paradise. On my college visits
as a high school senior, the promise of
paradise was superficially confirmed by the
overflowing food at the dining halls, the rows
of brand new computers in the computer labs
and the promise of financial aid dollars. I was
also promised the opportunity of joining a
prestigious intellectual community. Coming
from a "low-performing" urban high school,
where most classes included worksheets and
goofing off, I was excited to become a part of
a community that valued critical thinking.
But as soon as I started receiving acceptance
material it became clear that paradise was
more like a polishing school for suburban
middle and upper class students in order for
them to secure corporate jobs.
y dreams of becoming part of the
greater campus community quickly
dissipated as I was encouraged to limit my
activities and course schedule to those
organized by students and faculty of color,
most of whom shared my feelings of rejection
and disappointment. What I had not been
prepared for was that leaving my home town
and "movin' on up" also meant entering into a
world where what I said, what I wore, what
music I liked to listen to and the color of my
skin, made me strange.

M

actions are destroyed by the modern diseases
of isolation, otherization, manipulation and
domination which flourish on our campus
The antidote that has worked for me in
warding off these devastating diseases and
ogether the African American their consequences (depression, apathy, drug
community on campus made our own
parallel institution within the greater
university, and this was somewhat satisfying.
We had our own newspaper, theater group,
acapella group, themed dorm and graduate
ceremony. This was our way of challenging the
isolation and alienation that we had found in
paradise, but what I realize now is that it was
never paradise to begin with. The modern
college culture that rejected me and other
students of color is universally alienating and
dehumanizing. Those suburban men and
women who I was so envious of are being
manipulated into sacrificing their spiritual,
psychological and physical health to become
slaves to a way of life dominated by fear and
aggression. All they get for their sacrifice are
trinkets bought on credit. At least I was
painting by Kehinde Wiley
welcomed into a community when I got to
college which was nurturing, meaningful and
and alcohol abuse), has been seeking out the
did not require hazing to become a member.
ow I am in graduate school at Cal and I interconnections within my life and the
have seen students of color struggle world around me. It has also included
with the same sense of bewilderment that I becoming active in creating a campus culture
felt when I first got to college. What has that is conscious and respectful of diversity
helped me this time around has been an and interdependence.
or more information on racial and
understanding that the dominant culture of
ethnic diversity at Cal check out the
the university is a disease that infects our
ability to make connections. Our ability to Bridges Multicultural Resource Center
identify relationships between people, our ocf.berkeley.edu/~bridges or the Graduate Diversity
environment, our hearts, our minds and our Office grad.berkeley.edu/diversity.

N

Students for Justice in Palestine
“CRRRRUUUNNNCCCH.” That’s the awful sound of a Caterpillar
Bulldozer demolishing a Palestinian’s home. It’s a sound heard all too often in
Palestine. For the past sixty years, the Palestinian people have endured a long
list of tragedies at the hands of the militaristic Zionist project: forcible
expulsion from their homes, land theft, destruction of their olive trees,
Apartheid, and military occupation. But wait, it gets worse. YOUR taxpayer
dollars fund the oppression!
That’s right, the U.S. Government currently gives three billion
dollars in foreign aid every year to the state of Israel, the number one
recipient of U.S. aid. Almost all of that money comes exclusively in the form of
military hardware. The U.S. doesn’t just support Israel’s Apartheid – the U.S.
supplies the guns and the tanks to make it possible.
Students for Justice in Palestine seeks to get UC to divest from
Israel’s Apartheid. SJP assumes that students and faculty fundamentally

28

F

object to a public university funding the ongoing Occupation of the West
Bank and the Gaza Strip.
SJP has brought prominent speakers to campus, such as Israeli
refuseniks (persecuted in their country because of their refusal to participate
in the Occupation of Palestine) and the headmistress of a Palestinian school.
Our events are constantly generating discussion among the student
population.
At its core SJP opposes all racism and oppression, and we will
always make the extra effort to help our brothers and sisters who act in the
name of social justice and indigenous rights. In April 2005 we organized with
Xinaxtli in a united struggle against the imperialist arrogance of xenophobic
policies and for immigrants’ rights. We are Jews and Muslims, Atheists, Arabs,
and Americans of all backgrounds. (The majority of our membership is
composed of non-Palestinians.)
We hope to see you at our next event. Check out www.calsjp.org,
and be sure to read the new magazine the a-rab, www.a-rab.net.

Know Your Rights
courtesy of Copwatch Berkeley

IF

THE POLICE ARREST YOU...

•You may be handcuffed, searched,
photographed and fingerprinted.

COPS

MUST BE IDENTIFIED BY NAME OR
BADGE NUMBER (PC sec. 830.10).

•Write down the time, date, and
place of the incident and all details
as soon as possible.

•Say repeatedly, “I DON'T WANT TO TALK
UNTIL MY LAWYER IS PRESENT.” Even if your
rights aren't read, refuse to talk until
your lawyer/public defender arrives.

•Ask if the person is being
arrested, and if so, on what charge.

•Do not talk to inmates in jail
about your case.

•Get witnesses' names and contact
info.

•If you're on probation/parole, tell
your P.O. you've been arrested, but
nothing else.

•Try to get the arrestee's name,
but only if they already gave it to
the police.

•Police can arrest someone they
believe is “interfering” with their
actions. Maintain a reasonable
distance, and if cops threaten to
arrest you, EXPLAIN THAT YOU DON'T
INTEND TO INTERFERE, BUT YOU HAVE THE
RIGHT TO OBSERVE THEIR ACTIONS.

•Document any injuries as soon as
possible. Photograph them and
have a medical report describing
details of the injuries.

REMEMBER
You have legal rights, but many
police will not respect your rights.
BE CAREFUL — BE STREET SMART

IMPORTANT BERKELEY NUMBERS:
Copwatch — (510) 548-0425
UC Jail — (510) 642-6760
Jail — (510) 981-5766
Police Review Commission — (510) 981-4950

Important Oakland Numbers:
Jail — (510) 238-3575
Public Defender — (510) 268-7400
Citizens' PRB — (510) 238-3159

IF

THE POLICE STOP ANYONE...

•Stop and watch.
•Write down officers' names, badge
numbers, and car numbers.

IF

THE POLICE STOP YOU...

•Ask, “AM I FREE TO GO?” If not, you
are being detained. If yes, walk
away.
•Ask, “WHY ARE YOU DETAINING ME?” To
stop you, the officer must have a
“reasonable suspicion” to suspect
your involvement in a specific crime
(not just a guess or a stereotype).
•It is not a crime to be without ID.
If you are being detained or issued
a ticket, you may want to show ID
to the cop because they can take
you to the station to verify your
identity.
•If a cop tries to search your car,
your house, or your person say
repeatedly that you DO NOT CONSENT
TO THE SEARCH. If in a car, do not
open your trunk or door - by doing
so you consent to a search of your
property and of yourself. If at

Black Panther Party Ten-Point Program
what we want, what we believe
1. We want freedom, we want
power to determine the destiny
of our black and oppressed
communities.
2. We want full employment for
our people.
3. We want an end to the
robbery by the capitalist of our
black
and
oppressed
communities.
4. We want decent housing, fit
for the shelter of human beings.
5. We want education for our
people that exposes the true
Black Panther founder, Dr. Huey P. Newton

home, step outside and lock your
door behind you so cops have no
reason to enter your house. Ask to
see the warrant and check for
proper address, judge's signature,
and what the warrant says the cops
are searching for. Everthing must
be correct in a legal warrant.
Otherwise, send the police away.
•The cops can do a “pat search”
(search the exterior of one's
clothing for weapons) during a
detention for “officer safety
reasons”. They can't go into your
pockets or bags without your
consent. If you are arrested, they
can search you and your
possessions in great detail.
•DO NOT RESIST PHYSICALLY. Use your
words and keep your cool. If an
officer violates your rights, don't let
them provoke you into striking
back. Wait until you are out of
custody then you can organize for
justice.

YOU

HAVE THE RIGHT...

to be in a public place and to
observe police activity.

nature of this decadent
American society. We want
education that teaches us our
true history and our role in the
present-day society.
6. We want completely free
health care for all black and
oppressed people.
7. We want an immediate end
to police brutality and murder
of black people, other people of
color, all oppressed people
inside the United States.
8. We want an immediate end
to all wars of aggression.
9. We want freedom for all

black and poor oppressed
people now held in U.S.
Federal, State, County, City,
and Military prisons and jails.
We want trials by a jury of
peers for all persons who are
charged with so-called crimes
under the laws of this country.
10. WE WANT LAND, BREAD,
HOUSING, EDUCATION, CLOTHING,
JUSTICE, PEACE, AND PEOPLE'S
COMMUNITY CONTROL OF MODERN
TECHNOLOGY.

For more information, contact Melvin
Johnson of the COMMEMORATION COMMITTEE
FOR THE BLACK PANTHER PARTY, (510) 652-7170.

29

Mapping Corporate Connections at Cal
Bowles - Banker
Tan – Businessman
Travers – Mining & GE

Blum –Investment Banker

Donner – Steel Businessman
Haas – Levi Strauss
Hearst – Mining Magnate

Stern – SF Businessman
(Strauss relative)

I-House – J.D. Rockefeller
Doe – SF Businessman

Bechtel – Military
& Construction
Morrison – SF Lawyer &
Businessman
Goldman – Strauss
& Haas relative
McLaughlin – Mining
Businessman & Regent

Hearst – CA
Newspaper Empire

Soda – Property &
Industry Businessman

Barrows – UC President,
Imperialist in Philippines

McCone – CIA director, Businessman

Lipman – CEO of
Emporium (now Macy’s)

CV Starr – Investment Banker
Sather - Banker
Moffit – Regent & Businessman
Giannini Founder,
Bank of America

Pauley – Oil Magnate, Regent,
Critic of Student Protest

Eshelman – CA Lawyer
Haviland – SF Businessman
Koshland – Banker &
Levi Strauss exec

Zellerbach – SF Pulp &
Paper Magnate

Li Ka Shing – Industry Tycoon
Chan Shun - Clothing
Businessman
Springer – Tractor
Businessman
Manville - Construction

WHAT KIND OF EDUCATION we get at UC Berkeley has been shaped
throughout history by our school's intimate relationships with corporations and
wealthy business people - relationships that are literally carved into our
campus in the form of financiers' names on buildings, departments, centers
and rooms. Although UCB is touted as providing a well-rounded liberal arts
education, our institution has also long been used more narrowly to benefit
industry by training new employees and corporate captains, providing good
PR, and greenwashing. This map of corporate names on campus only begins
to reveal some of the surface markers of an extensive and deep relationship
between our university and big business (see "Meet the Regents" on p. 12 ).
FOR EXAMPLE, Richard Blum is an investment banker, current UC Regent,
husband of CA Senator Feinstein, and former VP of construction and
weapons company URS Corp, which had a $25 million/year contract with
UC’s Los Alamos Lab. After student demonstrations at a UC Regents meeting
against this conflict of interest sparked a controversy, Blum resigned from
URS, disinvested, and donated $15 million to UCB to establish a "Richard
Blum Center for Developing Economies" at the Walter Haas Business School.
SOME LANDMARKS at Berkeley are named in honor of advocates for social
justice (MLK, Cesar Chavez) and top academics (Lewis, Stephens), but many
more of Berkeley’s buildings, departments, rooms and gates are named after
questionable political and business interests. These include well-known
influential business figures, like Walter Haas, who owns Levi's. Other

30

names belong to older but no less significant business people, such as
William Randolph Hearst, who controlled numerous sensationalist
newspapers at the turn of the 20th Century that encouraged US
colonialism in Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Other recent
donors are rising corporate interests -- for example, the new biomedical
school building is named after Li Ka-shing, who gave $40m, is one of the
10 richest people globally, and has invested with BP in the heavily
polluting process of extracting oil from Canadian tar sands
CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS between industry and academia are
sometimes touted as being good for society, as bringing
practical benefits down the ladder from the ivory tower to
the real world. But usually such relationships represent a
cross-bridge between ivory and corporate fortresses, with
citizens (particularly marginalized ones) being excluded from the
process. Others claim that corporate donations are much-needed gifts of
generosity, but such ad hoc ‘gifts’ are eroding sustainable public funding.
For example, before BP ‘gave’ UCB $500 million, it spent $3 million to
defeat CA's Prop 87, which would've used gas taxes to provide longterm funding for public research on alternative energy. For more info,
see Washburn's book University, Inc and Greenberg's Science for Sale.
CONTRIBUTE your discoveries on Cal's people & places @
www.caldisorientation.org/CorporateCampusMap !

White Privilege Checklist
I can arrange to be in the company of
people of my race most of the time.
I can go shopping alone most of the
time, pretty well assured that I will not
be followed or harassed.
I can turn on the television or open to
the front page of the paper and see
people of my race widely
represented.
I can be sure that my
children will be given
curricular materials that
testify to the existence of
their race.
I can worry about racism
without being seen as selfinterested or self-seeking.

Which Union?
continued from pg. 6
state legislature and succeeded in having
exact funding for this raise added to the
UC 2006-7 budget. However, UC
administrators then spent it elsewhere and
claimed they still didn’t have the money.
Only after months of massive worker and
student protests, including a demonstration
at Berkeley where 400 students slept
overnight on the street to show solidarity
against the administration’s homewrecking
did the administration concede and provide
the $1.75 raise.
Currently, AFSCME is negotiating a new
contract with the administration. It aims to
win another raise, of $1.58, gain a
standardized advancement system for
workers, and get health care for the
workers it represents. However, the
administration is fighting back hard, and
has repeatedly kicked student observers
out of the negotiations when it presents its
offers. Many student groups, including
Xinachtli, Students Organizing for Justice
in the Americas, and organizations from
Boalt Law and Goldman School of Public
Policy are working currently to aid and
show solidarity with UC’s worst-paid
workers in this negotiation.

I am never asked to speak for all of the
people of my racial group.
I can walk into a classroom and know I
will not be the only member of my race.
I can choose blemish cover or bandages
in “flesh” color and have them more or
less match my skin.
I can easily find academic
courses
and
institutions
which give attention only to
people of my race.
I
can
criticize
our
government and talk about
how much I fear its policies
and behavior without being
seen as a cultural outsider.

One of the recurring tactics of the UC maintaining the unfair wage differential.
administration, when faced with effective The campaign continues.
worker organizations, is to try and sow
oo many times has the UC worked
divisions amongst workers. Since the
against the interests of the employees
1980s, management has pushed librarians who make its campuses work. The
to enter a non-bargaining professional interests of the workers are also those of
council instead of UC-AFT, leading to a the students, as poor labor practices
split between the groups that has often translate into poor education. No matter
been tense. The administration has also these obstacles, through strong organizing
pushed to contractually divide service by workers and students, huge successes
workers at its medical centers from those have — and will — be won.
at campuses, aiming to
provide the latter with lower
Graduate Students Organizing wages
and
causing
competition
between
the Increasing corporatization of the university in the
groups.
Another
recent 1980's, manifesting in a decline in real wages, fewer
tenure-track jobs and more reliance on temporary
example
is
the
wage lecturers, led the graduate student instructors (GSIs)
differential between dining and teacher's assistants to organize. They recognized
hall employees. Cal student that as GSIs, they were doing much of the instruction
workers earned $2/hour less work in the University, and yet recieved almost none
than their fellow employees, of the benifits of University employees. In 1989, a 2including high school students, day strike of UC GSIs won them health insurance. In
simply because of their status 1991 the Berkeley GSIs struck for, and won, a partial
as Cal students. While the fee waiver, that to avoid further strikes, was extended
Student Worker Action Group to GSIs at all UC campuses. In 1998, GSIs at all eight
(SWAG) was successful in UC campuses organized a union drive that
winning a $2 raise after a 7 culminated, after a several-day strike threatening to
leave finals ungraded, in recognition of the UAW as
month struggle, Cal workers the official union for all UC GSIs. The union
soon discovered that the continues to be a resource for graduate students
university had simultaneously working to improve the quality of education in the UC
increased the wages of non- system.
Cal
employees,
thus

T

31

were disallowed, no off campus speakers were
permitted, and the Daily Cal editor met with
the administration to plan the paper. The chief
administrator of student affairs had declared on
the record that moves to racially integrate fraternities were part of a communist plot.
In 1956, Presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson was not allowed to
speak on campus and had to address 20,000 from the gutter of Oxford
street. In the wake of this, students organized to get rid of Rule 17
which barred off-campus speakers.
The bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama opened the Civil Rights
Movement in 1955. In Berkeley, the graduate representatives on the
Academic Senate raised the issue of racial discrimination at Greek letter houses in early 1957. This became a major issue on campus and
led to the establishment of SLATE, a student political party and action
group.
In the spring of 1958 SLATE campaigned for an end to racial discrimination in Greek letter houses, fair wages and rent for students
and protection of academic freedom (which at the time meant free
speech and an end to political firings of faculty members). The administration responded by throwing SLATE out of the ASUC election. A
petition was circulated to get SLATE back on and in one day the petitioners collected 4,000 student signatures.
In May of 1958, UC students were angered when a UC student was
subpoenaed by the House Un-American Activities Committee
(HUAC). Several hundred noisy demonstrators were kept out of the
hearings which were being held in San Francisco. Without warning
police opened up fire hoses on the students, washing them down the
steps of city hall. 12 were injured and 64 arrested.
The next day, 5,000 demonstrators showed up for a peaceful protest.
The press around the country was horrified and covered the event
closely. HUAC made a propaganda movie of the event depicting UC
Berkeley students and faculty as "communist conspirators", and
distributed the film around the country. Ironically, the movie's message about the subversive menace in the end attracted more students
to Berkeley.
During the summer and fall of that year the administration attacked
activism on campus by throwing graduate students out of the ASUC
and censoring the Daily Cal. In 1961, Malcolm X was barred from
speaking on campus because he was a minister - even though ministers had spoken before. SLATE sponsored a speech by anti-HUAC
leader Frank Wilkinson before 4,000 people; the administration responded by throwing SLATE off campus.

S TUDENT MO VEMENTS
AT B ERKELEY
WO RLD WA R I

T H RO UGH T HE

50'S

In the World War I era, an autocratic University
president, Benjamin Wheeler, rode about campus
on horseback as he issued edicts to the generally
progressive campus community. The faculty rose up
in rebellion against Wheeler, forced him out of office and
established the Academic Senate with powers over curriculum and faculty hiring.
In the thirties, the student left at Berkeley helped the labor movement on the picket lines in the 1934 San Francisco general strike. Students also campaigned for radical Upton Sinclair in his bid for
governor and pushed educational reform. In 1933 students organized
the first co-op student house, which evolved into the United Students
Cooperative Association, still around today.
The largest upsurge on campus was over the spread of fascism in
the world. Many Berkeley radicals went to Spain to fight in the Spanish Civil War. While American industrialists traded extensively with
Hitler (who in turn armed the Spanish fascists), leftist Americans took
up arms in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in Spain. Berkeley was also
a national center for the peace movement before the war.
Berkeley continued to be active after World War II. When radical
Henry Wallace ran for President for the Progressive Party in 1948, the
first Young Progressives in Support of Wallace club in the country
was formed at Berkeley.

Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
In 1950 (the low point for leftist activity in this
country because of the McCarthy witchhunts),
the faculty began a several year struggle against a
mandatory "loyalty" (anti-communist) oath, one of
the greatest acts of faculty resistance to McCarthyism on any American campus. Although they received a majority of student support, the
faculty chose not to include students or working people in their fight
so that their 'role as gentlemen' would not be compromised. This
marked the end of a tradition of faculty initiation of university reform.
In the 1950s, student groups were tightly controlled. Political groups
The Bay Area is a unique meeting ground of people, ideas,

continental plates, commodities, plants and animals (and fog): from
centuries of Native American life, to Spanish and Mexican missions and
ranches, to the gold rush, to center of agricultural and finance capital and
trade, to post-WWII suburbanization, gentrification, silicon valley and
green tech. The area’s history has always been formed by active
participation of citizen's groups, including protests to stop freeway
development, struggles for just housing, major labor strikes at the
transit depots in Oakland and SF, environmental conservation efforts,
urban civil rights movements, anti-war and free-speech protests, and
campaigns for immigrant rights.

32

SOME ONLINE RESOURCES include:
http://www.theorganiccity.com/wordpress/ (Oakland stories);
http://www.kqed.org/topics/local/walkingtours/index.jsp (Walking tours)
http://bayradical.blogspot.com/ (history of Bay Area activism Blog)
FOR good reads on local & regional histories: CA: Walker, Country in the

City; Henderson, California & the Fictions of Capital; SF: Walker,
Reclaiming SF; Hartman, City for Sale; Brechin, Imperial SF; OAKLAND:
Self, American Babylon; Rhomberg, No There There; R ICHMOND:
Moore, To Place Our Deeds; B ERKELEY: Norman, TEMESCAL LEGACIES;
Rorabaugh, Berkeley at War. See also Straight outta Hunters Point and
other films @ UCB’s Media Center (bottom of Moffit).

From 1961 to 1963, there was constant conflict between students
and the administration over civil liberties issues. The administration
was steadily forced back. In effect, the campus was opened up to all
outside speakers and compulsory ROTC for all men was dropped.
In 1963 and 1964 when the Civil Rights Movement was in full
swing nationally, most campus political activity in Berkeley focused
on a fight for job opportunities for African Americans. People protested Lucky Supermarket's racist hiring policies by organizing large
numbers of people to fill their shopping carts and then abandon them
inside the store.
Sit-ins and picketing of the Sheraton Palace Hotel and the Cadillac
agency in San Francisco brought industry-wide agreements to open
up new jobs to black applicants.
From 1960 to 1964, students had greatly strengthened their political
rights and civil liberties and had become involved in off-campus as
well as on campus struggles. The Free Speech Movement (FSM) in
October of 1964 is the most famous demand for student civil rights at
Berkeley.
T HE F REE S PEE CH MO VEMENT
Traditionally, students had set up political tables on the strip of land
at the Telegraph/Bancroft entrance to the university since this was considered to be public property. However, the Oakland Tribune (which
students were then picketing) pointed out to the administration that
this strip of land actually belonged to the university.
When the university announced that sudents could no longer set up
their tables on "the strip," a broad coalition of student groups -- civil
rights, Democrats and Republicans, religious and pacifist, radical and
conservative -- responded by forming the United Front to protest the
new rule. The groups defied the ban, setting up tables where they
were forbidden, and collecting thousands of signatures of other students who sat with them.
A police car arrived and the officers took into custody a man sitting
at a CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) table. First one, then two,

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then thousands of people sat down and trapped the car on Sproul
Plaza for 32 hours. While Jack Weinberg sat inside and police officers
surrounded the car, a procession of speakers spoke to the issues from
atop the car.
Clark Kerr, then president of the UC system, got the governor to declare a state of emergency and sent hundreds of policemen to the
protest, but the mass support of thousands made Kerr retreat.
The Free Speech Movement built enough support that a subsequent
notice of disciplinary proceedings against four FSM leaders triggered
a sit-in of 800 students and a student strike of 16-20,000. This forced
Kerr to go before a gathering of 18,000 in the Greek Theatre with
some pseudo-concessions. When FSM leader Mario Savio attempted
to speak, the administration ordered UC police to drag him off stage.
But they underestimated the FSM's strong student support. The repression caused increased anger and activated additional efforts on behalf of free speech. The eventual settlement greatly expanded student
political rights on campus, and led to a strengthened role of students
in universities all over the country.
O PPOSITION

TO T HE

V IE TNAM WA R

From 1965 to 1968 the anti-war movement
grew and students focused on the draft and the
university's role in defense research. The number
of troops in Vietnam increased from an initial
125,000 to 500,000 by early 1968 and tens of thousands of G.I.'s came home in body bags. Protesters responded with a
gradual increase in militancy.
Spring 1965 saw the formation of the Vietnam Day Committee
(VDC), which sparked a huge outdoor round-the-clock teach-in on a
playing field where Zellerbach Hall is now located. About 30,000
people turned out.
During the summer of 1965 several hundred people tried to stop
troop trains on the Santa Fe railroad tracks in West Berkeley by standing on the tracks. In the Fall, 10-20,000 people tried three times to
march to the Oakland Army terminal from campus. Twice they were
turned back short of Oakland by masses of police.
In the spring of 1966, a majority of students voted for immediate US
withdrawal from Vietnam in a campus-wide VDC-initiated referendum. One third of all graduate student TAs used their discussion sections to talk about the war. Soon after the vote, the VDC's offices
were bombed and students responded by marching 4,000 strong on
Telegraph Ave.
The Fall of 1967 saw a new level of anti-war militancy in Berkeley,
focusing around Stop the Draft Week. Antiwar activists planned to
shut down the Oakland Induction Center and run teach-ins on campus all week, but authorities responded with court orders, clubs, and
mace. This culminated on Friday with 10,000 helmeted, shield-carrying protestors engaging in a running battle with police to stop departing troop busses.

The Third World Strike
The next quarter saw the Third World Strike at Berkeley. For the
first time, students of Native American, Latin American, African, and
Asian descent played a leading role in a major campus struggle. It
was also the first time that different third world groups were able to
unite among themselves and seek support from white students.
continued on next page

33

Three third world groups had been involved in seperate smaller negotiations and confrontations with the administration for a year, trying to
get the university to allow the voices of oppressed people to be part of
the university education. Influenced by the earlier strike at San Francisco State, these Berkeley students formed the Third World Liberation Front (TWLF) and put forward their demands, chief among them
an adequately funded Third World College controlled by non-white
people, increased admissions and support for students of third world
ethnicities and Native Americans.
First the TWLF sought to educate the campus about the importance
of dedicating resources to supporting third world studies and students.
Picket lines were set up, a series of convocations was organized, and
literature was circulated. Later came disruption, like blockades of Sather Gate and the Telegraph Ave. entrance.
Governor Reagan declared a "state of extreme emergency" and
placed control of the campus in the hands of Alameda County Sheriff
Madigan. The administration and police began a campaign to crush
the strike. Peaceful picketers were arrested and beaten in the basement of Sproul Hall. Leaders were arrested. Despite rallies and public
meetings on the campus being banned, the demonstrations got bigger
and bigger. On campus, battles between police and students were
fought with rocks, bottles, tear gas and clubs. Hundreds were injured
or arrested.
After two months of the strike, students were worn down and involved with court battles. A divisive debate about tactics had arisen.
The TWLF decided to suspend the strike, and entered into negotiations with the administration over specifics of an Ethnic Studies program, which, while falling short of their demands, was a partial
victory and created today's ethnic studies departments.

U.S. Invasion Of Cambodia
In early 1970 the students continued to do extensive education about
ROTC and war research. On the April 15 Moratorium Day against
the Vietnam war, Berkeley students attacked the Navy ROTC building. The university declared a state of emergency. Campus was still under a state of emergency when the media announced the invasion of
Cambodia. Yale University students called for a national student
strike over the Cambodian invasion and the strike spread even more
when news came about national guard murders at Kent State, Jackson
State and Augusta.
Berkeley students paralyzed the school with massive rioting the first
week of May. Students went to their classes and demanded that the
class discuss the Cambodian invasion and then disband. 15,000 attended a convocation at the Greek Theater and the regents, fearing more
intensified riots, closed the university for a four-day weekend.
The Academic senate voted to abolish ROTC but the regents simply
ignored the vote. A faculty proposal called the Wolin proposal sought
to "reconstitute" the university so students could take all classes
pass/not pass and could get credit for anti-war work. Thousands of students participated.
During the spring of 1972, a coalition of groups organized an April
22nd march of 30-40,000 people to oppose the continuing war and
Nixon's increase of the bombing of North Vietnam during Christmas.
They called for enactment of the Seven Points Peace Plan, which was
proposed by the North Vietnamese.
When the demonstrators returned from San Francisco, a national stu-

34

dent strike had been called. At Berkeley, construction workers had
gone out on strike to protest administration efforts to break their union. Other campus unions joined the strike. The possibility of a campus-wide strike, including both campus workers and students, was
beginning to emerge.
At the same time, Chicano students held a sit-in at Boalt Law
School in order to get more Chicano students admitted. Other Third
World students were also fighting for greater representation in Boalt.
With these events facing them, students held massive meetings, rallies
and spirited marches, and joined the workers on the picket lines. The
strike lasted for 83 days.
During the summer of 1972 the April Coalition worked for the election of radicals and for three initiatives: rent control, the legalization
of marijuana and the establishment of a Police Review Commission.
One coalition member was elected to the city council and all three initiatives passed, although the first was later overturned and the others
watered down (but still important!).
In the fall of 1972, just a few years after it was established by the
Ethnic Studies strikes, the Black Studies Department was absorbed into the College of Letters and Sciences, despite a Black Student Unionled boycott. The Research Institue on Human Relations, also established by the Ethnic Studies strikes, was closed by the chancellor.

Activism in the 80s

The nuclear arms issue continued to gain importance nationally during the early eighties.
In early 1982, 174 people were arrested in the
first blockade of the Livermore Labs. Another
100 people were arrested that spring in various actions around
the labs. On June 21st, 1,300 were arrested in another huge
protest at Livermore. At the start of 1983, over 100 students
and community members were arrested in a blockade of California hall, again over the issue of nuclear weapons involvement by UC.
In spring of 1982, the Berkeley Feminist Alliance collected hundreds of signatures on petitions demanding the administration take
steps to prevent rape on campus. These steps included better lighting,
self-defense classes and increased hours for the university escort service. The campaign was in response to 3 rapes of students that spring.
The ASUC senate later passed a bill mirroring the demands of the petition.

The Anti-Apartheid Movement
In early 1977, as a response to the increased
struggle against apartheid in South Africa, the
campus antiapartheid movement began to demand divestment of university holdings in
companies doing business in South Africa. The
movement quickly led to sit-ins, demonstrations, and
mass arrests across the state, as the Regents' disinterest fueled student
outrage.
In 1978, 10,000 petition signatures were collected demanding that
the UC system hold a hearing on their investments by May 5. When
there was no response, sit-ins were held at the LA regents meeting

Women Get Organized
Women at Berkeley began to organize during
the height of the sit-ins and throughout the antiapartheid movement because they felt they didn't
have a significant voice in decision making, although their numbers equalled those of the men involved. They organized groups to deal with these issues and in the
mid 1980s began organizing to tackle the issues face women daily.
One group, Women's Liberation Front (WoLF), became widely
known in the fall of 1986 when it acted in support of a young woman
who had been gang-raped by four football players. The university actually protected the football players, while the victim was so traumatized that she dropped out of her first semester at UCB. WoLF
sponsored emotional rallies that included speak-outs and testimonies.
WoLF also organized Take Back the Night marches to protest the virtual curfew imposed on women due to the fear of rape.
Legal abortion (established in 1973) was being threatened by several of Reagan's conservative Supreme Court appointees. Retain Our Reproductive Rights (RORR), a pro-choice group on campus organized
counter-demonstrations against so-called "operation rescue," an antiabortion group that blockaded abortion clinics and tried to intimidate
pregnant women. In spring of 1989 they also began a 50 day, 24 hour
vigil on Sproul Plaza in favor of a women's right to an abortion.
A different group focusing on faculty diversity at Boalt Hall law
school organized a national law student strike. At Berkeley, 90% of
law students struck and several students occupied the adminsitration
offices and were arrested.
Also during the spring of 1990, student protests demanding a more
racially and sexually diverse faculty continued. Students occupied the
Chancellor's office in California Hall. After a long educational effort,
the United Front, a coalition of groups, called a two day strike for
April 19 and 20. Pickets were set up around campus and many
classes moved off campus or were sparsely attended. Earlier in the
school year, the first issue of Smell This was published, reflecting the
increasing self-awareness and organization of women of color.

Barrington Hall
During the fall of 1989, with the War on Drugs in full swing, students held a smoke-in on Sproul Plaza that attracted 2,000, the largest
event of the semester. Barrington Hall, a student co-op that helped organize the smoke-in and that had long provided a haven for activists
and organizing efforts was threatened with closure from a vote within
the co-op system. In November, the referendum passed.
After the vote, residents took legal action to remain in their home
and started to squat the building. Finally in March, a poetry reading
was declared illegal by police who cleared the building by force. A
crowd developed which built fires and resisted the police, who attacked, badly beating and arresting many residents and bystanders
and trashing the house. Eventually, the house was leased to a private
landlord.
(. ORG )

Ethnic Studies, Again
In the Spring of 1999, Ethnic Studies (the departments of Native American Studies, Asian
American Studies, and Chicano Studies) was losing four faculty members that the University was
refusing to replace, and was facing budget cuts
that would eliminate over half of its classes. Students organized in support of the program, and after months of trying
more diplomatic routes, decided on direct action.
On April 14, students locked down to occupy Barrows Hall for 10
hours, demanding funding and faculty for the Ethnic Studies program, as well as a multicultural center and mural space to make the
University's "commitment to diversity" a reality. Facing rejection
from the administration, two weeks later students began a hunger
strike. For eight days, six hunger strikers and many hundreds of supporters camped out in front of California Hall, 24 hours a day. Following those who orginally forced the university to establish the studies,
they took the name "Third World Liberation Front", distributed yellow armbands, and held rallies of thousands. Several times, University police hauled off hundreds to Santa Rita Jail in predawn raids,
but the strikers held strong.
After eight days, the administration met with the strikers and promised to grant the Ethnic Studies program eight new full time faculty
and a return of the $300,000 budget cut, to fund a new Center for
Study of Race and Gender, a multicultural center (this is the Heller
Lounge) and a mural in Barrows Hall, to allow a student representative on the Ethnic Studies department task force, and granted amnesty
to almost all of the people arrested.

BY FAVIA NNA

and at 5 campuses.
In the Spring of 1983, hundreds of students plastered Sproul Hall
with banners and signs and renamed it Biko Hall, after the murdered
South African Consciousness Movement leader, Stephen Biko, and occupied it overnight. This led to student strikes of more than half of
the student body, more building occupations, and eventually the regents agreed to hold a forum on apartheid which, despite attendance
by 2,500 students demanding a decision, produced nothing.
The struggle continued through 1985, when leading antiapartheid
groups Coalition Against Apartheid and United People of Color, with
massive support, built a shantytown reflecting the conditions in
apartheid South Africa in front of California Hall, that was forcefully
and bloodly evicted.
In Spring of 1986, the regents realized the movement would persist
if they continued to resist divestment. That June, the regents voted to
divest $3.1 billion of investments in companies with South African
ties. Unfortunately, it turned out to be a sham -- their investments continued to increase -- but this wasn't discovered until the movement
had dissipated.

FOR MUSIC OR INFORMATION, your airwaves
are your friends. Excellent nearby sources
of electromagnetic vibrations are:
90.7 FM - KALX - your wonderful and
eclectic college radio, tune in for great
music almost all the time.
94.1 FM - KPFA - listner-supported (the
first!), local progressive news outlet.
ELECTRO-GLIDE THE INFO HIGHWAY to:
indybay.org: local, radical news.
the guardian unlimited: world news.

35

Bikin g in Berkeley

B

Critical Mass
A jubilant part of local bike culture is
Critical Mass, a rolling expression of
bicycle excitement that happens every
month around the world. It's a
celebration, a demonstration, or
whatever you want it to be. In Berkeley
it happens every second Friday of the
month at 5.30pm outside downtown
Berkeley BART, and attracts at least
100 cyclists, along with some fun, loud
music. The group rides leisurely around
Berkeley on no predefined route. Check
out berkeleycriticalmass.org for more
info. The last friday of every month is
the San Francisco mass, which
regularly attracts thousands of cylists,
often in costume! They meet at 6pm at
Justin
Herman
Plaza
by
the
Embarcadero BART station. Ask
around about other local rides.

erkeley is a great place to get around
by bike. Using bike and AC Transit
it's often easier to get wherever you want to
go in the East Bay or SF without a car -- and
always cheaper! Bikes are great
transportation, but they can be oh so much
Fix your Bike for Free!
more -- here's some ideas.
Even the most-loved bike will
I Wanna Ride!
occasionally break. Fortunately, the
One fun ride that practically anyone can
most common bike problems are fairly
manage is to go up into the hills and
easy to fix yourself. In the Bay Area,
enjoy the spectacular scenery and views
there are places to provide you with the
across the bay. The climb up may be a
tools and the knowledge to do so at no
challenge, but if you give yourself plenty
cost. Fixing your own bike is cheap,
of time then you'll manage it without too
good fun, and teachs you some useful
many problems -- just stop frequently,
skills.
bring water, and if it gets too much, you
can sail downhill all the way home! The Street Level Cycles - Offers "Open
flattest and most gradual way up is Lab Hours" when you can use their
Tunnel Rd - plus once you get on it tools and get help from their volunteer
there's almost no traffic. At the top, you mechanics to fix your bike for free. If
can follow Grizzly Peak Blvd along the you need parts, you have the option of
spectacular ridgetop, with views in both buying affordable used parts from
directions. Centennial, Euclid, or Spruce them, or doing a little volunteer work in
are all popular routes back down. Taking return for these parts. Lab hours at
Spruce down, the ride is about 17 miles watersideworkshops.org. 84 Bolivar St,
long -- give yourself 3 hours the first West Berkeley.
time. Find the map at The Bike Kitchen - Across the Bay,
caldisorientation.org/ The Bike Kitchen is a cooperative bike
BikingInBerkeley repair shop, with an amazing collection
or
browse of tools and parts, and extremely
bikely.com for knowledgeable
mechanics.
Memother
bership is $30 a year (or six hours
adventuresome volunteer time), but this will give you
local rides.
access to almost all of their used spare
Berkeley, 1890. Image from the BPL.
parts at no cost. Their open hours are on

36

weekday evening hours and weekend convenient
for
students.
See
bikekitchen.org. Mission and 9th, San
Francisco.
The Missing Link - A worker-owned
co-op that sells and repairs bikes, but
also offers a free repair space. It's
closest to the campus, but the only help
is a bike repair book for reference. If
the staff aren't too busy they might help,
but don't count on it. missinglink.org,
1988 Shattuck at University.
Need a Bike?
If you don't already have a fine metal
steed, there are several options. If
you're ambitious, you could build your
own at the Bike Kitchen for very little
money, and learn how to fix it in the
process! Otherwise, there are many
places locally to get fine used bikes which are often better quality, and half
as expensive, as new ones. Besides
Street Level Cycles and Missing Link ,
some good local shops to browse for
used bikes are: the Bent Spoke (on
Telegraph), Bay Area Bikes (near
downtown Oakland), or craigslist. Try
to bring a bike-y friend with you for
advice, but find one that suits your style!

Do you want to save $, eat delicious food and
actively cut down on the waste that this modern
industrial society produces as if the world's
resources were unlimited? Then dive into a
dumpster! Dumpster Diving, the act of
reclaiming perfectly edible food and other usable
objects from dumpsters is a hard concept for
many Americans to swallow... but delicious, safe
food is ending up in landfills instead of people's
stomachs. It's free! It's fun! It is undermining
dominant culture that begs us to consume,
consume, consume. Some dumpsters are locked
at night but don't be discouraged. Go to others
down the street — bakeries, grocery stores and
any other dumpster you can think of. Remember
to share with friends and family!

Want to spend some quality time with your friends
without spending money? Here is a list of some of our
favorite places to go and things to do in the Bay Area.
Everything is free, unless marked with a $.
The Bayshore Trail:
Walk, run or bike. It circles
the whole bay. Pick it up
on University, near the
Berkeley Marina, take it to
the Albany Bulb and
beyond.
Indian Rock: Located in
the Berkeley Hills, at the
end of Shattuck at Indian
Rock Ave. A great big rock
with a great view of the
bay. Good for sunsets.
Pacific Film Archive: $4
movies for students, free
showings first Thursday of
the month. Great films
from around the world.
bampfa.berkeley.edu ($)
Contra Costa Rock Park:
Great views and rock
climbing. Contra Costa
Ave, north of Solano Ave.
Berkeley Botanical
Gardens: just up
Centennial past the
stadium. Free for students.
Also check out the
Botanical Gardens in
Tilden Regional Park.
Berkeley Aquatic Park:
Bolivar Way at Bancroft.
Hike, bike and play frisbee.
924 Gilman: For the punk
rocker in all of us. All ages
venue. Most shows $5.
21 Grand: Art gallery,
space and music venue.
449 B 23rd St in Oakland.
The Long Haul
Infoshop: lots of good
stuff going on. 3124
Shattuck, 2 blocks from
Ashby BART.
www.thelonghaul.org
Critical Mass: Go for a
bike ride with your friend,
tour the town, and meet
people. See "Biking in
Berkeley" for dates and
times.

Berkeley
Marina: At
the end of
University
Ave.

Free
Things
To Do

Berkeley
Fig. 1: bike camping.
Rose
Garden: Best in late
Spring. Euclid and
Bayview, next to
California Academy of Sciences
Cordinices Park.

Free Museum Days

Tilden Regional Park:
Just up the hill from
campus. Hike the trails
through Wildcat Canyon
or swim in Lake Anza.
AC Transit bus #67 will
take you there.
Sibley Volcanic
Preserve: 6800 Skyline
Blvd, Oakland.
Mount Diablo: bike
there on the Iron Horse
Trail from Walnut Creek
BART. Nice woods, great
views.

Natural History Museum
(calacademy.org)
875 Howard St., SF,10-5 every day
free 1st Wednesday of each month
Palace of the Legion of Honor
(thinker.org)
34th Ave @ Clement, SF
9:30-5 Tue-Sun
free first Tuesday of each month
Cameron-Stanford House
(cshouse.org)
1418 Lakeside Dr @ 14th, Oakland
11-4 Wed, 1-5pm Sun
free third Sunday of each month

Thai Brunch: the
coolest place to eat
brunch in Berkeley.
Sundays from 9am until
food is gone. Thai
Temple on Russell at
MLK ($).

Cartoon Art Museum
(cartoonart.org)
655 Mission, SF
11-5 Tue-Sun
"pay what you want" first Tuesday of
each month

Ashby Flea Market:
every Saturday and
Sunday in the Ashby
BART parking lot.

The Exploratorium
(exploratorium.edu)
3601 Lyon, SF
10-5 Tue-Sun
free first Wednesday of
each month

Golden Gate
Park: huge
park in SF.
Botanic
gardens,
model
boats,
and
buffalo.
Bordered
by Fulton,
Stanyan,
Lincoln and the
ocean.

Museum of Craft
and Folk Art
(mocfa.org)
Fort Mason
Center, Bldg.
A, SF
11-6 TueFri, 11-5 Sat
& Sun
free every
tuesday

Museo ItaloAmericano
(museoitaloamericano.org)
Fort Mason Center, Bldg. C, SF
noon-5 Wed-Sun
always free
Oakland Museum of California Art,
Ecology, and History
(museumca.org)
1000 Oak St. @ 10th, Oakland
10-5 Wed-Sat, noon-5 Sun, 10am9pm first Friday
free second Sunday of each month
Randall Museum
(randallmuseum.org)
199 Museum Way @Roosevelt, SF
10-5 Tue-Sat, always free
SF Museum of Modern Art
(sfmoma.org)151 3rd St, SF
11-5:45 M, Tue, Fri-Sun, 11-8:45 Thu
free first Tuesday of each month.
Berkeley Art Museum
(bampfa.berkeley.edu)
2626 Bancroft Way, Berkeley
11-5 Wed, Fri-Sun, 11-7 Thu
free first Thursdays or anytime with
student ID
Pheobe Hearst Museum of
Anthropology
(hearstmuseum.berkeley.edu)
Kroeber Hall, UC Berkeley
10-4:30 Wed-Sat, noon-4 Sun
always free
Yerba Buena Center for the Arts
(yerbabuenaarts.org)
701 Mission @ 3rd, SF
12-5 Tue-Sun except 12-8 Thu
free first Tuesday

BICYCLE FREEDOM, B ERKELEY , 1890, photo thanks to the fine Berkeley Public Librar y. Oakland,
Berkeley, and SF public libraries have wonder ful, free, local histor y histor y rooms.

37

Item sets