2011 UC Santa Cruz Disorientation Guide

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Title

2011 UC Santa Cruz Disorientation Guide

Date

2011

Place

Santa Cruz, California

extracted text

UC SANTA CRUZ

DISORIENTATION GUIDE

Mission Statement
Welcome to the Machine. You have in
your hands a mass of paper and ink, research
and analysis, love and rage, compiled with the
intention of turning parts of your world upside
down. Like many other disorientation projects,
we are inspired to do our work by the often
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our university and its true life and history. We aim
to air its dirty past -- especially when it lives on in
the present -- and to celebrate its joyful moments
of freedom. We aim to help inspire our readers
to take active part in our public university, to help
empower them with an awareness of the many
faces of UC Santa Cruz, of what it has been,
what it is, and what it could be. The following
guide is part radical local history, part alternative
resource guide, and part introduction to ongoing
struggles.

Here are some things you might want to keep in
mind while you read:

‡Don’t feel overwhelmed. The guide is not
meant to be read straight through. There is
simply too much in it to be able to process
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to a section that sounds good, and really
think about it for a few hours, days, or as
long as it takes before starting another.

‡The guide is not necessarily in the correct
order because there isn’t one. None of the
issues discussed are self-contained. Ideas,
problems, and philosophies all overlap.

‡This is in no way a complete publication
about the UC system or anything else we
discuss. It is simply part of a much larger
body of thoughts and ideas.

*Note: The naked man on the front cover is our glorious President of the UC, Mark Yudof. Although he’s only one of many, we
wanted to expose him as the greedy little turd that he is. Read more about him on page 14!

Table of Contents
The University

Organizing

4 - Disorientation

39 - Occupy Everything

7 - The Budget Cuts
And The Privatization of the UC

40 - How to Build a Strike!

11 - UAW

42 - Two Perspective on (Non)Violence

12 - Know Your Regents

History

16 - The UC and War

44 - An Incomplete Ohlone History

18 - The UC and Corporate Finance

47 - Local Santa Cruz History

20 - University of California Power Map

48 - Timeline of Local Activism

21 - Labor Organizing

Racism and Resistance

Downtown
57 - Free Skool

22 - Ethnic Studies

58 - Do It Yourself (DIY) Santa Cruz

25 - The Prison-Industrial-Complex

59 - Homelessness & City Ordinances

26 - Save the Knoll!
27 - Engaging Education (e2)

The Environment

Resources
60 - Student Organizations
62 - Recommendations

27 - Ed. for Sustainable Living Program

63 - Dedications

28 - Local Herbs and Plants

Know Your Rights

29 - Green Dollars
30 - Long Range Development Plan

Gender and Sexuality
32 - Queer UCSC
34 - I Am Not A Feminist
35 - Fertility Cycles
36 - A Streetcar Named Consent
Radical Sex!

Disorientation

by Sean Burns

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new university scene, your new town, and your new social
possibilities. As you read through these pages and learn
more about various justice issues and campus-connected
activist organizations, think about disorientation as a
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questions: what is a university education? How does a
university education, and the institutional complex itself,
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social order, and how do I want to participate in it – both
in my years here at UCSC and beyond? A fundamental
assumption of the disorientation perspective, a perspective
that by no means I want to portray as uniform, is that
universities, not just UCSC, offer a particular orientation
toward reality – a worldview of sorts. This essay offers
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than providing answers. Needless to say, universities
differ considerably in their culture, student bodies, faculty,
and articulated missions. This essay is less about such
differences and more about assumptions built into the
degree-oriented process of university schooling. Likewise,
if you believe that in the act of practicing critique we are
always simultaneously suggesting strategies for change,
this essay is also about how we can help direct the collective
creativity, intelligence, and will of this campus community
toward creating a genuinely democratic, economically just,
and environmentally sane world.

4

Basic Assumptions of Schooling

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random window shoppers what a young person should do
in order to learn about the world, nine out of ten people
would tell you: go to school. In our culture, learning is
associated with schooling. To obtain knowledge is to obtain
degrees. The higher your grades, the more competent
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to have a monopoly on learning. This is not an illusion,
schools are strategically organized to serve this function.
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None of this is particularly groundbreaking, but let us think
twice about the consequences and contradictions of these
cultural assumptions. If school is a place to learn about
the world, why is it designed to remove students from the
daily activity of their community – in some cases for up to
25 years? This may be less evident in college than in high
school or middle school, but by the time we hit UCSC, this
aspect of the hidden curriculum has been well ingrained:
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policies and books they produce. Similarly, we might ask:
If school is designed to foster independent thought, then
why does all our work achieve validation through evaluation
(grading) – a process by which one’s work is measured
against pre-determined content and form?

In short, I believe that most schooling processes
operate on an upside down conception of learning. The best
way to explain this is through example. Think about the last
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H[SHULHQFHZKDWWKH\GRLVWU\WRÀJXUHRXWHYHU\WKLQJDQG
anything in sight, which is one way of saying that we are
a deeply curious, learning-oriented species. If this is so,
why then do the great majority of students – people who
all at one time were those relentlessly curious three-year
olds – yearn to get out of school? I believe one answer to
this question lies in understanding how school inverts the
learning process. Rather than create a setting where young
people can explore their curiosity, most schools are set up
to ensure that students consume predetermined curricula
in a predetermined process of scheduled courses and

The University

assignments. Interestingly enough, the higher you climb
the schooling hierarchy, the more apparent choice you
have in determining what you want to explore. But to what
degree have our curiosities, or desires, our political and
social imagination, been deeply trained by the time you
roll into UCSC? The act of disorientation is about exploring
such questions.
Writers who think about the
relationship between schooling and capitalism frequently
point out that the process by which a young person
becomes accustomed to depending on schools for learning
is an essential experience of socialization into the values
of a market driven society (aka capitalism). As Ivan Illich
writes in Deschooling Society, “Once we have learned
to need school, all our activities tend to take the shape
of client relationships to other specialized institutions.” In
other words, in our society we learn that we go to school
to get knowledge, the hospital to get health, the police to
get safety, the government to get security, the salon to
get beauty, the store to get food, the church to get saved.
What if instead of paying to get degrees so that we might
secure a job so that we can buy all of the above, we spent
time cultivating our ability and our communities’ ability to
provide for those needs? Such a vision is hard to sustain
in a society predicated on an extreme division of labor
where few people own the primary means of production.
Disorientation is about sustaining such a vision and
fostering questions and practices that resist a complacent
acceptance of the status quo social order.
One cornerstone of the U.S. social order is a
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the right-wing Bush Administration, we are a classless
society and any analysis which speaks about structural
racism and economic inequality is just trying to breed
hatred and division. As if division needs breeding in a
country where the incomes of the
wealthiest strata have
increased at 15
times the rate
of the bottom
90 percent of
American working
people over the
past 10 years. (See
June 25, 2003,
New York Times,
´9HU\5LFKHVW·V
Share of Income
Grew Even Bigger,
Data Shows”) While
the gap between
the business
elites and the
average working

5

American has consistently widened in the past decades,
this inequality between those who own and those who
labor is not new in the U.S. - Economic inequality existed
in the colonial period, but what historically has made the
U.S. a so called exception has been that this difference
has not been understood as a product of inheritance
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democratic project has always been to maintain property
relations that serve the rich while creating a popular belief
that suggests anyone who works hard enough can make
it big in this country. Research shows that this “rags-toriches” scenario is extremely rare. One might say that the
exceptions, from Andrew Carnegie to Ice Cube, in some
ways have bolstered the imaginative rule.
One way this contradiction between the dominant
myth of meritocracy and the reality of class-based, racist,
and gendered inequality is perpetuated is through certain
beliefs about the U.S. education system. In other words,
many popular ideas about education help to distract people
from recognizing the roots of social and environmental
injustice. If, in theory, schooling is believed to give equal
opportunity to all children, then academic achievement
is one way to justify socioeconomic inequality. Rather
than a system being criticized as unjust, individuals are
blamed for failure or celebrated for success. Paradoxically,
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systemic social inequality and dysfunction can be traced
to problems with education. I believe that neither of these
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institutionalized schools, individual students, political-

economy, and dominant cultural myths.
My analysis so far has suggested that rather than
understand education as automatically a solution to social
problems, schooling is often complicit in the perpetuation
of social and environmental exploitation. The connections
between corporate and military interests and universities
like UCSC run deep. Just do a little investigating into who
holds positions as UC Regents, university trustees, and
who predominantly funds campus research. (See article
in pg. 18) When we begin to see our education and our
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education the way to solve problems rather than create
more of them? Facing such contradiction is never a
painless process, but it is precisely where growth – both
on an individual and collective level – often occurs. So
what can we do in our own lives and as activists in the
UCSC community to reduce these contradictions? This
seems to me a question at the core of the disorientation
project.

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employees can 1) creatively solve problems, 2)
communicate effectively and work well with others,
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passionately exploring any major here on campus will
challenge you to develop such skills. The point being:
make decisions on terms that work for you. Think about
what you value in this world and what you imagine
could be improved. Ask yourself: what are the origins
and consequences of the values I embrace? What kind
of vocation will allow me to live out these values and
contribute to the changes I aspire to see?

The people and student/community organizations
contributing ideas and art to this publication value a
world rid of racism, imperialism, homophobia, patriarchy,
war, and the web of exploitation related to these forms of
violence. We are all in some way searching, struggling, and
even at times succeeding, in bringing together our work as
students at UCSC and our commitments to building social
and environmental justice movements. At times, as you will
Disorienting One’s Universe(city)
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A natural starting point is the question: Why am I and taking action against the UC system for its hypocrisy,
here? Trends indicate that more and more undergraduates shortsightedness, and exploitation. We do this as community
view college as a pre-professional training ground where members, people who take seriously the possibilities for
WKHFHQWUDOSULRULW\LVGHYHORSLQJRQH·VPDUNHWDELOLW\IRUWKH positive social change at and through this university. After
job hunt after graduation. While the thinking behind this all, the U.C.s belong to the public. Disorientation is about
approach is aimed at keeping future doors open, I see this a dedication to ensuring our education and our university
trend as closing doors in two ways. First, on an existential VHUYHWKHSXEOLFDQGQRWSURÀWPLQGHGFRUSRUDWHLQWHUHVWV
level, I think it is important for us to take
every opportunity we can to explore
what concerns us, fascinates us,
challenges us, and motivates
us on this all too fragile journey
we call life. Having the boom
and bust indices of the
employment market as
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VHHPV PRUH VWLÁLQJ WKDQ
stimulating.
Second, on a
more pragmatic and
strategic level, a
high percentage of
employers are not
primarily interested
in an employee with
specialized skills
anyway. Do a quick
Google search on
¶ZKDWHPSOR\HUV
DUHORRNLQJIRU·
DQG\RX·OOÀQG
thousands of
web sites that

6

The University

THE BUDGET CUTS
AND PRIVATIZATION AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

As you go from class after overcrowded class this
fall, you’ll want to forget that tuition last year was around
$1,800 less than you’re paying now. Continuing a 30-year
trend, the UC Board of Regents gathered in cigar and ginsoaked boardrooms over the summer to raise our tuition by
17.6% and lay down plans for further increases in January.
(Hey, overcrowding at least improves your chances of
getting lucky; tuition hikes on the other hand, just increase
the probability of working a shitty job in college and plenty
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never tires of reminding us that tuition increases are the
recession’s fault or scolding us that Californians are just
unwilling to spend on education in hard times; this is a
strange excuse though, since state funding has been
decreasing while tuition has been skyrocketing since the
early 1990s. Even while UCOP continues to whine about
how poor it is and how unfortunate it is that they need to
raise tuition, it’s offering the state of California a billion
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9 of the past 10 years tuition was raised – well before the
2008 recession began; UCOP’s insistence on the necessity
of this recent series of tuition increases has so many
logical fallacies that if it were an assignment, it’d get an F
(assuming, of course, that the overburdened TA grading
it even had time to pay attention to it). Tuition hikes and
budget cuts – at all levels of California higher education –
are part of the decades-long process whereby the richest
assholes in California (and the greater US) intend to make
private what few institutions remain in public hands.

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the same for the last 40 years, while the median family
income has continued to fall since 1973. Most people in
California make less money today, yet pay much more for
education: for families struggling to pay rent, mortgages,
car payments, etc., education becomes a luxury good.
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help low to middle income students attend the UC, heavily
depend on students working part-time in an economy with
a staggeringly high unemployment rate and very low entrylevel wages; furthermore, it relies on students taking out
thousands in loans that, most economic experts agree, will
lock us into debt for the rest of our lives. Indeed, many
economists believe that student loans will be the next credit
bubble to burst, perhaps wreaking more destruction than
the recession of 2008. Because there aren’t enough jobs
for everyone who graduates, student loan default rates are
nearing 10% – but, unlike other loans there’s no way out
for student borrowers. Sallie Mae and Bank of America
can take your paychecks and your children’s paychecks
until they get back all their Benjamins, and then some.

As the pinnacle of public higher ed., UC students
should also know that what happens at the UC level
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CSUs estimate that over 10,000 students have been
denied admission this year because of budget cuts; at
the same time they’re not repairing facilities, replacing
library books, or rehiring lecturers. California Community
College systems, however, have been hit the hardest:
Even if you slept through math in high school, UC it’s estimated that 670,000 students who would normally
WXLWLRQLQFUHDVHVDUHQҋWGLIÀFXOWWRFDOFXODWH²MXVWDGGDIHZ go to Community College this year will be turned away.
zeros every few decades: since 1975 tuition has gone up CCs are facing nearly $400 million in budget cuts this year
RULI\RXҋGSUHIHUWRDGMXVWIRULQÁDWLRQ IURP and will have to cut several thousand classes to make up
$700 to over $12,000 per year)! Minimum wage in California, for budget shortfalls. Given that unemployment for those

7

aged 18-24 is over 17%, it’s clear that the cuts to public
education will continue to have a devastating affect on an
entire generation. California Community Colleges serve
over 3 million students, many of those students going on to
four-year colleges after they get their Associates degrees.
(It seems almost plausible that state leaders actually hope
many of these 670,000 end up in prison: as the CSU
Chancellor, Charles Reed, said, “It’s outrageous that the
prison system budget is larger than UC and Cal State put
together.”)
I. AUSTERITY
If you paid attention to the news at all this summer,
you likely heard about the budget crises for California and
the Federal Government. State legislators, by a twisted
interpretation of their constituent’s needs, have not tried
to raise revenue, but are instead cutting UC funding for
2011 by $650 million (and tax shortfalls by November are
almost guaranteed to cut another $100 million from the UC
budget for this year). Community Colleges, like the UC,
will also see further midyear multi-million dollar cuts, as tax
revenue continues to stay low. During all of this, UCOP’s
response was no doubt similar to yours, when you were

four: they whine, don’t get what they want, and then take it
out on us. For you, these state shortfalls mean that tuition
will have to be increased in the middle of the school year
– and you’ll be responsible for making up the difference.
The recession has hurt: during the 1970-71 school year,
the state allocated 7% of its budget for the UC, and it’s
sharply declined since then. However, state shortfalls
are not simply a result of the present recession; they’ve
given the UC Regents a nice story to tell you as they shred
quality education and let old UC’s facilities decay while
haphazardly building new ones. It’s all built on our rising
tuition.
At UC Santa Cruz
Workers everywhere on campus – in your dining
KDOOV FOHDQLQJ \RXU WRLOHWV RU WU\LQJ WR ÀQG \RX ÀQDQFLDO
aid – are expected to take on greater workloads despite
having their total workforce whittled down through layoffs and reduced hours. Since 2007, around 100 of 550
UCSC clerical workers have been laid off, and about
4,200 throughout the UC overall. Custodial workers have
been laid off left and right, leading to double or sometimes
triple the workload for remaining workers. Around half of
the service workers are now facing a doubling of their
health insurance costs if the UC gets its way. As whole
departments are laid off, like the campus printing services,
the university ends up contracting out the work, which
typically means exploiting non-unionized contractors with
ORZHUZDJHVRUQREHQHÀWV7HDFKLQJ$VVLVWDQWV 7$V IHDU
that the 2% wage increases per year they were forced
to settle on during their last contract negotiations with
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as a result of increasing section sizes, less funding, and
a trend to adopt “cost-saving” technology like online
homework submissions, ultimately leading to a less
effective educational experience for their students.
Unfortunately, many workers have adopted the
logic that by working hard and at a faster pace they might
save their jobs. On an individual level, workers end up
burning themselves out, or worse yet quitting, resulting in
YDFDQWSRVLWLRQVDGPLQLVWUDWRUVUHIXVHWRÀOOIRUXQLRQVLW
creates divisions and animosity amongst workers because
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necessary budget cuts. Rats in the dining hall have been
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still, these same workers often hold grudges against coworkers who are perceived as unwilling to tighten their
belts – this is a centuries old union-busting tactic of divide
and conquer.
As class sizes grow, the pool of lecturers has shrunk.
Since 2009, around a third of lecturers at UCSC have

8

The University

either been laid off or have received cuts
so severe that they can no longer support
themselves simply by teaching here. Those
OXFN\ HQRXJK WR ÀQG ZRUN HQG XS JHWWLQJ
a greater workload for less pay than the
full time faculty, and it’s only getting worse.
Lecturers receive little warning before being
laid off and are often times being rehired at
a moment’s notice when admin realize they
don’t have anyone to teach vital courses;
this is a serious problem if you’re trying to
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be foolish to think that this doesn’t affect
how they teach and how much you’ll enjoy
taking their classes.
The UC has watched many of its
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in the past several years. This year,
2011, salary increases are on offer to the
faculty. And while there have been some major cuts at
the administrative level at UC, there is still an enormous,
non-teaching, administrative class in the system, one
that has grown along with tuition payments - more than
3,250 admins at the UC make more than $250,000 while
they lecture us about the need to tighten belts. Our new
buildings are products of “bond” sales that utilize our rising
tuition payments as collateral for unscrupulous creditors
(see below). And everyday the indebtedness of our
generation grows, as we’re burdened with the conditions
set down by creditors, and burdened with debts that are
never forgiven in bankruptcy. Tuition hikes now seem to
be the “natural” way to deal with the crisis; tuition hikes will
increasingly underwrite the maintenance and improvement
of the university. UCOP wants us to think there’s no
alternative. We know there is another way. We have to
educate ourselves about our own history so we can act to
change it.

Regents caved under pressure and decided to rename
“fees” to “tuition”.

The gradual transformation of “fees to tuition”
wasn’t merely symbolic; it normalized the idea that
students as individual consumers should be more involved
in purchasing their education – the idea being to encourage
direct state funding to wither away. Instead funding for the
university would increasingly rely on federal and private
student loans. This alone is reprehensible, considering
WKDW KLJKHU HGXFDWLRQ EHQHÀWV society as a whole, and
has been an important means through which historically
oppressed communities have empowered themselves. For
every dollar that California spends on higher education,
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transformation allowed the regents to completely change
the priorities of the university to suit their desires. In 2003,
the regents voted to allow tuition (among other things) to
back bonds the UC took out to fund capital projects – in
other words, to fund construction. Furthermore, the text
II. A Little Matter Called Tuition
accompanying this new UC code restricts the UC from
In 1960, the UC published a “masterplan” to doing anything that might impair or diminish the security
guarantee access to higher education for all Californians of UC bonds! This means that the UC’s highest budgetary
regardless of economic background. Although it never priority is to maintain its stellar bond rating, not education;
achieved these utopian ideals, the cost of a UC education it does this by pledging your tuition as collateral for the
for students was considerably lower in the 60’s and 70’s. bonds, and because the Regents can raise tuition at will,
,QIDFWLQRUGHUWRUHÁHFWWKHODUJHO\HJDOLWDULDQQDWXUHRI UC bond ratings will always be stellar.
the original 1960 masterplan, tuition was excluded from
This may leave you scratching your head wondering
the UC’s funding sources; in its place, some student fees
why
they
did this. Well, the short answer is that relying on
were introduced to help cover the cost of student services
tuition
PRIVATIZES
the university, and this in turn allows
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construction
companies
to make lucrative deals with the
fees were reassigned to the general UC operating budget
during a period of immense fee increases. Revenue UC, as well as allow research partnerships with large
generated by students could be used for a whole slew of FRUSRUDWLRQVWRKHOSVXEVLGL]HWKHFRVWRIVXFK´VFLHQWLÀF
things, including construction projects. Finally, in 2009 the endeavors”.

9

III. PRIVATIZATION: what the hell is that?
In his famous account of the public sphere,
historian and philosopher Jurgen Habermas points out
that the origins of the modern term “private” are found in
the military: as in, a soldier who is not immune from the
law. While it is no longer 11 BC, it’s worth remembering
that public and private remain linked by who the law
DOORZVWREHQHÀWIURPZRUNDVZHҋYHORVWSXEOLFJRRGVDQG
collective, societal wealth, the investor and creditor class,
the elites of society, have gained enormously as a direct
result. The United States today is a country of increasing
inequality because the elite are allowed to make the law
work for them.
At its most basic level, PRIVATIZATION simply
means taking things that are publicly owned and making
them private: “run it like a business” is their battle cry.
Following a severe recession in 1973, the libertarian right
convinced policy makers at nearly all levels of government
that public ownership is terrible and that taxes are the
worst thing to happen since the Ford Pinto. When people
say that the UC is being privatized, they’re referring to a
process that has several faces.

‡ All

of the land that the UCs, Cal States and
CCs are on, including the facilities on them, are
publicly owned. Much of the equipment and funds
that are used in higher education are also publicly
owned. Many of the biology, chemistry, physics and
engineering labs produce knowledge by using these
public resources, but much of that research and
SURÀWHQGVXSLQWKHKDQGVRI35,9$7(FRUSRUDWLRQV
This also happens a lot in the Humanities and Social
Sciences, as when someone publishes their work or
helps design proprietary knowledge (like textbooks).
But it’s the “hard” sciences that produce knowledge
WKDWҋV FRQQHFWHG WR ´WHFKQRORJ\µ DQG SURÀW7KH WUXWK
is, private ownership of public work happens in every
single department at UCSC. It’s done in the name
of ‘public-private partnerships’, but the public only
´EHQHÀWVµLILWEHFRPHVDFRQVXPHURIWKHVHSURGXFWV

‡ It’s not just knowledge that’s being privatized: the
land itself, or as is more often the case, the buildings, are
being privatized too. Private construction companies
PDNHPDVVLYHSURÀWVEXLOGLQJVWUXFWXUHVWREHXVHGE\
companies like British Petroleum, along with several
6LOLFRQ 9DOOH\ ÀUPV DQG HYHQ VRPH EDQNV 7KHVH
facilities are not for the general public or even student
use. Similarly, construction companies hired to do the
building – often behind schedule and way over budget
²DUHDOVRÀQDQFLDOO\WLHGWRVHYHUDORIWKHUHJHQWVOLNH
Dick Blum, and are awarded ridiculous contracts (see
more on page 12).

10

Sidebar: Rape Prevention & Privatization
In the summer of 2010, UCSC closed the doors
on the Rape Prevention Education program, located
in Kresge having been run by a passionate staffer,
Gillian Greensite, for some 30 years. It was the last
UC to close such a center. It was then relocated and
reassigned under the newly remodeled Health Center
E\ WKH DGPLQLVWUDWLRQ 'RLQJ VR HIIHFWLYHO\ UHGHÀQHG
rape as a medical issue rather than recognizing it as
a social problem. Meaning the primary method of rape
prevention should be reducing alcohol usage – which
is merely associated with rape – rather than educating
the campus community on recognizing what rape really
is. Indeed, the administration emphasized programs
that put the burden of responsibility on potential rape
victims rather than on society as a whole. Consequently,
Greensite was not allowed to teach rape as a social
issue in its own dedicated workshop, leading to her
forced retirement.
Strangely enough, the administration didn’t do
this because of budget cuts as the actual funding to the
program didn’t decrease. It seems it was a political move:
if only because it removed the word “rape” from the school
directory and improved the admin’s ability to market the
campus as a safe place, rather than deal with a problem
that’s common on every campus, and in every corner of
society in a responsible manner. In continuity with the
onslaught of privatization, the responsibility to save any
remnant of a holistic rape prevention program was put
on the shoulders of concerned students. Privatization
often places the burden of responsibility on such
concerned students, rather than keeping something as
vital as a complete rape prevention program among the
top priorities of the university administration; all of this in
order to attract potential students and their money.

‡ Most

importantly, for us as students anyway, is
that federal and state money is being laundered and
privatized through our student tuition. This year, for the
ÀUVWWLPHLQWKHKLVWRU\RIWKH8&VWXGHQWWXLWLRQZLOOEH
higher than state funding for the UC. Much of these
increased costs will be paid for with PELL GRANTS,
CAL GRANTS and STUDENT LOANS, and all are
government funds that must be taken out in higher
amounts to cover the rocket-like rise of education
costs. Student tuition, unlike direct state funding, can
be used to guarantee the UCs credit rating, to invest
in the stock market and to engage in predatory market
behavior (think of Oliver Stone’s movies on Wall Street).
Every time tuition goes up, both the government and
students give more money to UC money managers so
they can play the stock market (and they have a pretty

The University

poor record in this regard). This gives several private
LQYHVWPHQWÀUPVZKRPDQDJHWKH8&ҋVIXQGVELOOLRQV
in public and private money to enrich themselves. There
is little risk for the UC’s private investors because, if
anything goes bad in the market, the Regents can raise
tuition to cover the losses. It’s we students – whose
loans will remain with us for decades – who make it
possible for these shenanigans to take place.

‡ Finally,

privatization aims to make it increasingly
GLIÀFXOW WR JHW D SXEOLF HGXFDWLRQ IRUFLQJ SRRUHU DQG
ROGHU VWXGHQWV LQWR WKH ZDLWLQJ DUPV RI WKH IRUSURÀW
university. University of Phoenix, ITT Tech and Heald
College are among the most well known of these
institutions, but there are several others. From a very
young age, everyone is told that to succeed in life,
you need to go to college; as that imperative becomes
PRUH GLIÀFXOW UHPHPEHU WKRVH  VWXGHQWV
turned away from Community College), students must
WXUQ WR IRUSURÀWV 8& VWXGHQWV VKRXOG EH FRQFHUQHG
because at least two of our Regents hold controlling
VWDNHVLQDWOHDVWWZRIRUSURÀWVFKRROV(YHU\WLPHWKH\
vote to raise fees and cut budgets, they’re effectively
IRUFLQJPRUHVWXGHQWVWRJRWRWKHVHSODFHV)RUSURÀWV
make most of their money from federal student aid and
student loans – however, over 11% of students at forSURÀWVGHIDXOWRQWKHLUORDQVDQGRQO\DURXQGRI
VWXGHQWVHYHUJUDGXDWHIURPDIRUSURÀWVFKRRO

Given all of this, what is there to do? You could, as
many do, put your head down and hope that, if you work
really hard, concentrate on studying, don’t fuck around on
Xbox, you will get a job when your four years are up. You
could hope this job is not at Walmart. You could hope you
don’t have to live with your parents when you graduate or
that in some inexplicable way, there will suddenly be good
jobs and hot tubs for UC grads in four years. You can
hope, with millions of others around the world, that things
will work out for you because you’re awesome. You can
think to yourself that there is nothing that can be done, that
the Regents and UCOP know more than students (and
faculty), that it is pure coincidence that several Regents
and administrators are getting very wealthy at the expense
of California students. OR, YOU CAN TAKE A SIDE AND
join the millions of students from around the world - from
places as diverse as Puerto Rico, Greece, Chile, England
and Austria - who are, BOTH IN AND THROUGH THE
6758**/( ÀQGLQJ ZD\V WR HGXFDWH WKHPVHOYHV DERXW
their role in the world. Join thousands of students in
California this year who will be in study groups and picket
lines, sit-ins and strikes. LIKE millions the world over, they
too have decided to stop wishing upon stars, choosing
instead to create the world they live in.

11

UAW

The Teaching Assistant’s Union
The UAW 2865 is the union that represents the
University of California’s 12,000 teaching assistants,
readers, and tutors. We were motivated to enter graduate
school by a passion for learning and a dedication
to teaching. But in recent years, we’ve watched the
university’s commitments to education and diversity
sharply decline. This decline in quality has been statewide
and from K-12 through higher education. This is troubling
because quality public education is fundamental to a
healthy society. We want to change this. Students have
KLVWRULFDOO\EHHQFHQWUDOWRVRFLDOFKDQJHDQGWKLVÀJKWIRU
education is no different.
We know that uniting and organizing for others can
bring real change that improves people’s lives. Before we
were unionized, we were exploited and vulnerable. We
had no job security, no health insurance, very little tuition
assistance, and no protections against being overworked
DQGFRXOGEHÀUHGDWZLOO%XWE\XQLWLQJZHKDYHLPSURYHG
our own circumstances, as well as the quality of UC
undergraduate education. Unfortunately, over recent
years, the services and education students receive has
sharply declined even as tuition has risen 67%.

:H ÀQG WKLV VLWXDWLRQ XQDFFHSWDEOH DQG XQIDLU WR
students and to Californians. Last winter, a group of activists
within the union, inspired by their own experiences in the
public education movement, campaigned in our local’s
statewide election under the name Academic Workers for a
Democratic Union, or AWDU. The AWDU platform focused
on democratizing the union and the UC, and devoting our
RUJDQL]DWLRQWRÀJKWLQJWKHEXGJHWFXWVWKDWDUHGHVWUR\LQJ
SXEOLFHGXFDWLRQ,WZDVWKHÀUVWFRPSHWLWLYHHOHFWLRQLQRXU
local’s history and AWDU’s victory has reinvigorated the
union as a site for serious struggle against very urgent
challenges.

7RGD\ 8$:  LV ZRUNLQJ KDUG WR ÀJKW IRU WKH
rights of students, educators, and workers to a quality
education, respect, and decent pay. We have reached
out to the UC Student Association as well as all unions
representing UC and CSU workers, to develop long-term,
statewide plans to challenge the privatization of public
higher education, and the de-funding of the state services
that are vital to the lives of Californians. Our vision includes
a variety of tactics, especially creative combinations of
direct action and legislative strategy. We hope to expand
and deepen this coalition and welcome your participation
and support. Ask your TA how you can get involved, or
visit us at: www.uaw2865.org

of the board. Construction? Until public scandal prompted
him to sell off his holdings, Blum was a majority partner in
a construction and engineering company that did billions
in business with the US military, among other government
FOLHQWV/DUJHODQGKROGLQJÀUPV"'LJLWDOPHGLDFRPSDQ\
The University of California is managed by a group of which Al Gore serves as frontman? Health industry
of people called the Board of Regents. According to the FRUSRUDWLRQÀJKWLQJWRXQGHUPLQHWKHH[SDQVLRQRISXEOLF
California Constitution (Article IX, Section 9), the Regents health care? Border-town maquiladora that build weapons
have “full powers of organization and governance” over the components for the Department of Defense? Check,
UC system. You pay your tuition to them, and their control check, check, and check.
H[WHQGV RYHU DOO  FDPSXVHV ÀYH PHGLFDO FHQWHUV WZR
The greatest investment of Blum’s career was
nuclear research laboratories and more. So who are they? undoubtedly his marriage, roughly 30 years ago, to the
Who exactly are the people making the decisions that politically Joe Lieberman-esque US Senate Democrat,
affect the wellbeing of the UC’s 371,000 students, faculty Dianne Feinstein. At the time of this meshing of Blum’s
and staff, and what do they do with the UC’s $19 billion ÀQDQFLDO LQWHUHVWV ZLWK )HLQVWHLQҋV IRUPLGDEOH SROLWLFDO
operating budget? And how do they become Regents?
ambitions, Feinstein was Mayor of San Francisco and Blum
The basics: There are 26 Regents, and and 18 of DOUHDG\RQHRIKHUPDLQÀQDQFLDOEDFNHUVKDGPXFKRI
them (the majority) are appointed by the CA Governor to his fortune staked to various development projects in the
\HDUWHUPV7KHUHDUHDOVRH[RIÀFLR5HJHQWV7KHVH City. (W. Parrish and D. Bond-Graham, 2010)
are people who are on the Board because they hold other
KLJK RIÀFHV LQ &$ JRYHUQPHQW 7KHUH LV RQH VWXGHQW
Sherry Lansing
Regent. The student Regent is appointed by the other
(appointed 1999; reappointed 2010;
Regents, serves for two years, and isn’t allowed to vote
term expires 2022)
on policy matters until their second year. How’s that for
representation?
Lansing was recently the chairman
One might think that people as powerful as the
and CEO for Paramount Pictures,
Regents should be elected democratically by the students,
a company with an annual income
staff and faculty of the UC, but as you can see, that’s not
of some $20.1 billion. Peter Byrne,
how it works (yet). Presently, the makeup of the Board
the same investigative reporter who
of Regents is heavily affected by anyone with enough
VKHG OLJKW RQ 'LFN %OXPҋV ÀQDQFLDO
PRQH\WRLQÁXHQFH&DOLIRUQLDSROLWLFV7KH%RDUGJHQHUDOO\
miscreancy (‘How the UC Regents
includes some of the wealthiest people in the state, with 6SLQ3XEOLF)XQGVLQWR3ULYDWH3URÀW KDVWKLVWRVD\DERXW
connections to some of the most powerful corporations in her: “Since September 2006, Regent Lansing... has been
the country. (The Constitution states that “the university a member of the board of directors of Qualcomm Inc., for
shall be entirely independent of all political and sectarian which she receives an annual director’s fee of $135,000,
LQÁXHQFHDQGNHSWIUHHWKHUHIURPLQWKHDSSRLQWPHQWRILWV plus stock options. According to her economic disclosure
Regents and in the administration of its affairs”, but this statement, Ms. Lansing owns “more than $1 million” in
isn’t enforced in any substantial way.) So here’s a question: 4XDOFRPP VWRFN RSWLRQV QR XSSHU OLPLW LV VSHFLÀHG  ,Q
can the Board of Regents effectively make decisions in 2009, Qualcomm paid her $485,252. Documents released
the best interest of the hundreds of thousands of low to by the UC Treasurer show that, after Ms. Lansing joined
middle-class students, staff and faculty of the UC when the Qualcomm board, UC quadrupled its investment in
so many of the Regents are themselves members of the Qualcomm to $397 million. (Reclaim UC, 2011)
economic elite?
Here’s some dirt we’ve found on each of the UC
George M. Marcus
Regents; it felt so impersonal to let them screw us without
(appointed 2000; term expires 2012)
JHWWLQJ WR NQRZ WKHP ÀUVW &KHFN RXW WKH OLVW RI OLQNV IRU
more info, and feel free to do more research on your own.
George Marcus made his fortune in
investment banking, and is “the board
Dick Blum
chair at Marcus & Millichap and the
(appointed 2002; term expires 2014)
Essex Property Trust, a member of
Real Estate Roundtable (an industry
Richard Blum is a San Franciscolobbying group), and a co-founder
EDVHG ÀQDQFH FDSLWDOLVW SUHVLGLQJ
of the National Hellenic Society”
over a business empire that is, to say
(Sheyner, 2011). With disregard for
the least, expansive. Hedge funds? the ideal of a 100% publicly funded UC, Marcus has
Blum owns one outright and wields VXJJHVWHGWKDWWKHXQLYHUVLW\ҋVEXGJHWGHÀFLWEHEDODQFHG
DVLJQLÀFDQWVKDUHRIYDULRXVRWKHUV with private donations from UC alumni. Even if this were
Real estate? His primary investment SODQ ZHUH IHDVLEOH WR VXJJHVW LW ZRXOG VWLOO EH UHÁHFWLYH
vehicle, the $7.8 billion Blum Capital of a failure to grasp the concept of education as a public
3DUWQHUV RZQV WKH ODUJHVW UHDO HVWDWH EURNHUDJH ÀUP RQ good. Marcus also has a history of unpleasant interactions
the planet, CB Richard Ellis, of which Blum is chairman with UC students. Marcus was present at UCSC during a

Know Your Regents

12

The University

demonstration to end poverty wages in the University, and
was photographed smacking away the camera of a student
journalist. Addressing the workers whose wages were in
question he said that he “would not give them anything”
(Bradley, 2008).

Norman J. Pattiz
(appointed 2001; reappointed 2003;
term expires 2015)
Pattiz got his start in the business
world by founding Westwood One
in 1974 – America’s largest radio
network organization. Westwood One
LVDPDMRUVXSSOLHURIWUDIÀFQHZV
and sports programming on local TV
stations, and its empire includes NBC
Radio Network, the CBS Radio Network, CNN Radio,
and Fox Radio News. Pattiz has a history of being caught
XS  LQ ÀQDQFLDO  HOHFWLRQ  VFDQGDOV KLV  FRPSDQ\  KDG
WR SD\ RYHU  LQ ÀQHV IRU YLRODWLQJ HOHFWLRQ ODZV
Pattiz was also nominated to the Broadcasting Board
of Governors (oversees government broadcast like The
Voice of America) by President Clinton, which suspiciously
came after over $300,000 of campaign donations to the
Democratic Party and a backing of Hilary Clinton’s bid for
Senate. While on the BBG, Pattiz was chairman of the
Middle East Committee, serving as a driving force behind
the creation of Radio Sawa and Alhurra Television, the U.S.
Government’s Arabic-language radio and TV services to
over 22 countries in the Middle East, to supposedly
counteract “Islamic Extremist News” in the Middle East.
This media mogul is not someone you’d want to
be on the bad side of, seeing as he controls so much of
American media. Apparently all of Pattiz’s experience in
the media somehow qualify him to be not only a Regent,
but also the Chair of Oversight of the Department of
Energy’s UC-managed nuclear laboratories (Los Alamos
National Lab and Livermore National Lab).

Paul Wachter
(appointed 2004; term expires 2016)
Paul Wachter was
Governor
Schwarzenegger’s main money-man,
and one of the most powerful political
insiders in the state. He got his start
in the world of the super-rich as the
IRXQGHU DQG ([HFXWLYH &KLHI 2IÀFHU
of Santa Monica-based company
0DLQ 6WUHHW $GYLVRUV 7KLV ´ÀQDQFLDO
strategic and asset management” company is so exclusive
that according to a statement of economic interests forms
:DFKWHUÀOHGZLWKWKH)33&DIWHUEHFRPLQJD8&5HJHQW
ODVW\HDURQO\FOLHQWVWRWKHÀUPZHUHOLVWHGSD\LQJWKH
company more than $10,000 a year. Multiple clients from
Main Street Advisors were directly connected to Governor
Schwarzenegger himself, most notably the “Shriver
Blind Trust” – as in Maria Shriver, Schwarzenegger’s
wife, and a member of the Kennedy Family. Wachter
is also the manager of the blind trust into which all of

13

Schwarzenegger’s investments were liquidated when he
EHFDPH JRYHUQRU ZKLFK  LV  UHTXLUHG RI HOHFWHG RIÀFLDOV
WRDYRLGFRQÁLFWVRILQWHUHVW6FKZDU]HQHJJHUҋVÀQDQFLDO
KROGLQJVZHUHEULHÁ\DQGSDUWLDOO\GLVFORVHGLQGXULQJ
WKHUHFDOOFDPSDLJQUHYHDOLQJDÀQDQFLDOHPSLUHRIWHQV
of millions of dollars invested in securities, private equity
funds, and over 100 business ventures. Not surprisingly,
many of these business ventures were in partnership
with Wachter. Given Wachter and Schwarzeneggar’s
buddy-buddy relationship, it’s hard to see how Wachter
could act as an independent, disinterested manager
of the governor’s assets in his position. In fact, it was
Schwarzeneggar himself that nominated Wachter to the
Board of Regents in 2004.

Russell S. Gould
(appointed 2005; term expires 2017)
As of July 9th, 2009, Russell Gould
has been Chairman of the Board of
Regents. Gould was appointed to
the Board in 1998, and formerly held
the positions of Vice Chair and Chair
of Finance for the Board. Gould got
his degree in political science at UC
Berkeley and has been representing
for the crooked politics of California ever since, with
a resume that includes Director of the Department of
Finance of the State of California from 1993 to 1996 and
prior to that, Secretary of the Health and Welfare Agency
from 1991 to 1993. The gold star on Russell’s resume is his
employment with Wachovia Bank as Senior Vice President.
Wachovia was once the fourth-largest bank in the United
States based on total assets; however, in 2008 Wachovia
found itself in the middle of a nasty Battle-of-the-Banks
when both Citigroup and Wells Fargo attempted to buy out
Wachovia in light of its looming failure. Initially Citigroup
made an offer to Wachovia with government support
through the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and
then soon after Wells Fargo submitted an even higher offer
of $15.1 billion in stock, claiming they did not need the
government guarantee that Citibank opted for. Although
Wachovia’s stocks had fallen 97% in 2008, the battle was
still ruthless to gain ownership of its assets because in the
ZRUOGRIEDQNLQJWKHELJJHUWKHEHWWHUDQGWKLVÀQDQFLDO
crisis provided a unique opportunity for the world’s banking
monopolies to bloat themselves to new extremes. In the
end Wachovia sold itself to Wells Fargo, completing the
merger on December 31st, 2008. And all this came just
before Wells Fargo hit the Bailout jackpot, being one of
WKH ÀUVW EDQNV WR UHFHLYH D JRYHUQPHQWIXQGHG ÀQDQFLDO
bailout, and being the bank to receive the biggest amount
of money in one shot - $25 billion dollars. Long story short,
Wells Fargo buys out Wachovia for $15.1 billion, hits the
government up for a bailout jackpot of $25 billion, and our
8&3UHVLGHQW*RXOGÀQGVKLPVHOIVLWWLQJDWRSDKXJHSLOH
of (our) money.

(continues next page)

George Kieffer

Regent Lozano is the CEO of Impremedia, LLC, the parent
company of La Opinion Newspaper, which is the nation’s
largest Spanish-language daily newspaper and was
George
Kieffer’s
appointment founded by her family in 1926. She also sits on the Board
to the Board of Regents appears of Directors for the Walt Disney Company, B of A, and is a
WR EH D FRQÁLFW RI LQWHUHVW  +H ZDV Trustee for the University of Southern California.
Maria Shriver’s attorney, but resigned
William de la Pena
(presumably in an attempt to defend
(appointed in 2006; term expires in
against claims of political favors) just
2018)
before Shriver’s husband (Schwarzeneggar) became
governor. Kieffer is also the former Chair of the LA
A respected ophthalmologist, and
Chamber of Commerce At the very know least, the guy
IRXQGHURIVHYHUDOQRQSURÀWVLQWHUHVWHG
knows how to dodge a question: when asked about his
in spreading ophthalmology education
VWDQFH RQ DIÀUPDWLYH DFWLRQ KH UHVSRQGHG ´, WKLQN WKH
around the globe, De La Pena is also a
question is both too broad and too narrow,” and changed
“giver-backer”. He has been appointed
the subject. He is very much a political player who knows
by George W. Bush as Regent to the
whom to get cozy with, as well as what to and what not to
Uniformed Services University for Health Sciences and
say to stay in power. (Coastlines, Vol. 40, No. 1, 2009)
served as a Special Delegate for the United Nations.
(appointed 2009, term expires 2021)

Hadi Makarechian

Bonnie Reiss

(Appointed in 2008.)

(appointed 2008; term expires in
2020)
 )RXQGHURI&DSLWDO3DFLÀF+ROGLQJV
Shamron, as well as Chairman of
Governor Schwarzenegger’s former
Makar Properties Board of Directors
Secretary of Education. One of her
and Bannis Lewis Ranch Management
main goals is to use the media to
Company. A very rich man, he makes
inform the public of environmental
most of his money through a vast web
issues. Her odd career history as
RILQÁXHQFHLQWKHKLJKHQGUHDOHVWDWH
an entertainment lawyer, writer,
business, and managed to buy his way
producer, and accountment does
into California (and UC) politics by donating $100,000 to
seem strange, but she seems to
Schwarzennager’s campaign. In a brief interview with a
UCSC student journalist, his answer to the question “Do care about the environment and education system.
you honestly think you represent middle-class students
Charlene Zettel
like myself?” was “I don’t know.” (Miska, 2010), (Padilla,
(appointed in 2009; term expires in
2004)
2021)

David Crane
After receiving her degree in dental
hygiene from USC. She was elected
WR WKH 3RZD\ 8QLÀHG 6FKRRO %RDUG
and then to the State Assembly, as
Crane was one of the top advisors
chair to the Republican Caucus. She
to Arnold Schwarzeneggar during his
was appointed by President Bush in
term as governor of California. In the
2003 as the public interest director to
last days of his term, Schwarzeneggar
the Federal Home Loan Bank of San
nominated Crane for a newly open
seat on the board of Regents, but )UDQFLVFR  :HҋUH QRW TXLWH VXUH ZK\ VKH LV TXDOLÀHG IRU
&UDQHҋVFRQÀUPDWLRQZDVWHPSRUDULO\ those positions, but she probably has clean teeth.
stalled by CA Senator Leland Yee of San Francisco.
Eddie Island
Crane has openly called for the elimination of collective
(appointed in 2005; term expires in
bargaining rights for public sector
2017)
workers in California. This would
mean that the unions to which UC
Retired Lawyer and executive who
workers belong would lose all power
worked for the McDonell Douglas
WR ÀJKW IRU IDLU ZDJHV DQG EHQHÀWV
&RUSRUDWLRQ 3DFLÀF (QWHUSULVHV
and student activists would lose
Corporation and the California
the crucial support that comes from
Science Center Board. He believes
those same unions.
the best plan of action to the State
Budget Crisis is to wait it out, and
Monica Lozano
(appointed 2001; term ends in 2013) HYHU\WKLQJZLOOEHÀQHLQWKHQH[WIHZ\HDUV7KLVDWWLWXGH
(Appointed December 2010; term
expires 2022)

14

The University

shows his failure to comprehend the disconnect between
rich and poor. He has enough money to not be hurt by
the ongoing budget crisis, so he can afford to wait it out.
He is out of touch with the students he is supposed to be
representing, some of whom can’t afford to simply accept
the hikes and wait it out.

FRPSHQVDWLRQ VDODU\  EHQHÀWV  LQFUHDVHG HYHQ PRUH
to $828,084 -- budget crisis be damned. For context,
remember that most TA’s, custodians and dining hall
workers are paid between $20,000 and $40,000 annually.
Another perk to Yudof’s new job is his residence in the
Blake House, a Northern California mansion that has
upheld a longstanding tradition of regal and lavish housing
Bruce D. Varner
for University of California president’s. Poor Yudof is
(appointed 2006, term expires in currently living in interim housing in Oakland at the cost
2018)
of $11,500 a month because the Blake house is under
electrical and structural repairs costing between $2 million
Saying Bruce Varner is a bit out of and $10 million. We think he should have to live in the
touch with the lives of UC students dorms. Interestingly enough, Yudof’s previous employer,
would be an understatement. the University of Texas, was the main competitor for control
Varner is a prestigious corporate over the UC-managed nuclear weapons labs (See UC and
lawyer handling cases like the recent the Bomb). It was a close race between UT’s alliance with
multi-million dollar takeover of the Lockheed Martin and the UC’s with Bechtel, Washington
Stater Bros. corporation. Varner is Group International and BWX Technologies, but the UC
a friend and contributor to longtime took the bid. Yudof didn’t have to feel the “disappointment”
Republican CA Rep. Jerry Lewis, who was recently of losing this bid for too long once the UC Regents decided
under federal investigation for his ties to lobbyists and he was qualifed for the position at the top of their ladder.
contractors. He also donated $5,000 to Schwarzeneggar’s Not only is Mark Yudof in the ranks of the country’s highest
re-election campaign before being
paid public university
appointed to the Board of Regents. “[When Yudof was hired by the UC his] presidents, but he
(SF Chronicle, 2006) (PE Business,
WRWDOFRPSHQVDWLRQ VDODU\ EHQHÀWV  ÀQDOO\JHWVWRFRQWURO
his
long-coveted
2011)
increased to $828,084, budget crisis Nuclear Weapons
Mark Yudof
be damned. For context, remember that Labs.
(UC President,
most TA’s, custodians and dining hall
appointed
in
2008 by the workers are paid between $20,000 and
$40,000 annually.”
Regents)

In March of 2008, the Board of
Regents
unanimously voted
to
welcome Mark Yudof as the 19th
President of
the University of
California. So who is Yudof, and
why are all the Regents so excited to have him reign over
the University of California? At 63, Yudof has had a long
history in running (and privatizing) public universities
across the country. He served as president of the fourcampus University of Minnesota from 1997 to 2002, and
chancellor of the University of Texas system from August
2002 to May 2008. During his time at U of T, Yudof was
one of the driving forces behind an effort to give the
university’s administration the power to raise tuition at will.
(Sound familiar?) Before that, he was a faculty member
and administrator at UT at Austin for 26 years, taking
positions such as Dean of the Law School from 1984 to
1994 and Executive Vice President and Provost from 1994
to 1997. Yudof’s employment history has, to put it mildly,
been very well-paid. As Regent Blum described, “he’s
expensive, but he’s worth it!” While President of U of M,
Yudof enjoyed multiple raises, bringing his annual earnings
from $225,000 to $350,000; never mind that 75% of U
of M’s service workers were being paid poverty wages. In
2002, Yudof arrived at University of Texas, doubling his
salary and becoming the 6th highest paid chancellor in the
United States with a salary at $742,209 in 2007. With his
most recent move to the University of California, his total

15

Sources:
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employee-development-leadership/1122856-1.html
‡KWWSEORJVSHFRPEXVLQHVVH[WHQGHG
interview-with-stater.html
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kieffer.html
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ucprez28

The University of California is a prestigious and
infamously ‘liberal’ university (especially here at UCSC),
presenting itself as an institution of progressive learning,
academic integrity and intellectual freedom. But it’s
important to closely examine our university’s role in society,
beyond this lofty and liberal image. We think it’s important,
as participants in this academic institution, to be conscious
of our university’s role as an essential building block
in supporting and perpetuating the strength of the
ever-expanding American military empire.
Think of war industry as a pyramid that couldn’t
stand without the support of all of its sides. The military,
private corporations, and academia, while appearing to
function independently of each other, are three pillars that
together uphold United States military dominance. Within
the military-industrial-academic complex, the military
is responsible for enforcing defense, industry (primarily
corporations like weapons contractors) is responsible for
producing defense tools and machinery, and universities
are responsible for providing the intellectual capital and
research necessary to constantly develop our defense
capabilities. American hegemony (dominance) could not
function without these three institutions working with and
sustaining each other .
“Militarization of the university refers to the process
and conditions in which a university’s people and
resources have been mobilized to contribute to
the military enterprise of the political elites, the
Department of Defense, and the D.o.D’s contracted
corporate subsidiaries” (Bond-Grahm, 2003).

2XU DFDGHPLF LQVWLWXWLRQV SURYLGH D GXDO EHQHÀW
WR WKH PLOLWDU\ HQWHUSULVH)LUVWLV WKH FRQWLQXRXV LQÁX[ RI
new science and knowledge, allowing the Department
of Defense to continuously advance the dominance of
the American military. Examples of this relationship can
be seen throughout the UC-system. A 2003 study of
the research relationships between the Department of
Defense and full-time faculty at UCSC’s Baskin School
of Engineering showed that at the time, 51% of faculty
were currently engaged in a research project that was
directly funded by the D.o.D (Bond-Grahm, 2003). Noting
the limitations of this study – that it focuses only on the
Baskin School of Engineering at UCSC, that it does not

16

include full-time researchers, lecturers, visiting professors
or graduate students, that this statistic does not refer to
RWKHU ZDU LQVWLWXWLRQV VXFK DV ZDUSURÀWHHU FRUSRUDWLRQV
or other government bodies such as the Department of
Energy of the Department of Homeland Security – it is
safe to assume that a 51% rate of programs dependent on
the military enterprise is actually a modest estimate of the
extent to which academia relies on the military (for funding)
and the military relies on us (for research ).

7KHVHFRQGEHQHÀWUHDSHGE\WKHPLOLWDU\WKURXJK
this relationship is a system of indoctrinating and preparing
students and faculty to create a system that will
perpetually guarantee the military a future
generation that is perfectly primed
to work for the warfare state.
Professor Charles Schwarz
of UC Berkeley’s
Physics Department
has
measured
rates of military/
militaryindustrial
employment
for
graduates as high
as 48% for physics,
34%
astronomy,
58%
atmospheric
science, 28% applied
mathematics, 64% aeronautical engineering, 43% electrical
engineering, 34% materials engineering, 36% mechanical
engineering, and 24% nuclear engineering (Schwartz).

UC and The Bomb
The University of California provides one of the most
blatant examples of the intricate relationship between the
military, corporations, and academia. Since the foundation
of the Manhattan project, a term used to describe the
GHYHORSPHQW RI WKH 86ҋV ÀUVW QXFOHDU ZHDSRQV GXULQJ
World War II, the UC has overseen the nation’s two largest
nuclear research facilities, serving as ‘manager” to the Los
Alamos National Laboratory (Los Alamos, NM) and the
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Livermore, CA).
The UC managed the production of all 10,000+ nuclear
weapons in the United States arsenal, and today manages

The University

their “stockpile stewardship” (constant upkeep of all the
weapons in our stockpile, essentially turning them into
new, more advanced bombs).
We inherit a gruesome history as students (and
funders) of this institution. With the responsibility of
managing the creation of our entire nuclear arsenal, we
are consequently responsible for all of their violent and
disturbing uses. This includes the two atomic bombs
dropped over Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War
II, resulting in over 200,000 acute deaths and generations
upon generations of resulting suffering. It includes the 67
“test” bombs dropped on the Indigenous communities in
the Marshall Islands, equaling an average of 1.6 Hiroshimasized explosions over the Marshall Islands every day
continuously for 12 years. And it also includes over a
thousand bombs detonated on the Western Shoshone
Nation at the Nevada Test Site – the most bombed nation
on earth – with 1,032 open air nuclear bombings and 21
sub-critical nuclear explosions. Today, the Nevada Test
Site is the proposed site to hold nuclear waste, buried in
a ‘geological repository’ in Yucca Mountain- despite the
fact that Yucca Mountain is on a fault line, and that nuclear
waste continues to be carcinogenic and radioactive for
thousands of years. There has been a trend of environmental
racism inherent within our management of labs, in which
communities of color have nearly always been the targets
of nuclear attacks and nuclear pollution. In the case of the
nuclear weapons complex and UC management, this has
especially been true of Native American and Indigenous
communities. A blatant example of this is that 18 of the
20 proposed nuclear waste sites were located on Native
American Reservations. How’s that for “let there be light”?

The UC, now partnered with these three
corporations, has turned the management of LLNL and
LANL from public management to private management,
making it easier to change contracts, create new nukes,
and withhold information. Their LLC (limited liability) status
conveniently removes responsibility from any one of these
institutions. It’s important to note the role our new “partners”
play in society. Bechtel is a multi-national corporation, and
RQHRIWKHODUJHVWZDUSURÀWHHUVLQWKHZRUOG
working on 20,000 projects on all seven continents since
it was founded in 1898. Riley Bechtel is the 104th richest
man in the world, and served on Bush’s “Export Council
to advise the government on how to create markets for
American companies overseas.” Examples of projects
Bechtel has worked range from nuclear reactors to oil
pipelines to “re- building infrastructure” in Iraq. They are most
notoriously known for their involvement in the privatization
of water in Bolivia, leading to mass protests known as “The
Cochabamba Water Wars.” BWX Technologies seems
to “specialize” in the management of nuclear weapons
facilities, operating not only at LLNL and LANL but also
at the Y-12 National Security Complex in Tennessee and
the Pantex Plant in Texas. Washington Group International
was acquired in 2007 by URS Corporation for 3.1 million
dollars, and now functions as the “Washington Division” of
URS. This provides another tie to the UC, because URS
Corporation was contracted for part of the Long Range
Development Plan here at UCSC (see LRDP). To make it
even more incestuous and complicated, Board of Regents
member Richard Blum used to preside on the URS Board,
EXWUHVLJQHGLQDIWHUEHLQJFDOOHGRXWIRUDFRQÁLFWRI
interest (see ‘The Regents’, p.12).

The UC is very much guilty of involvement in this
military-industrial-academic relationship, working closely
In 2004 and 2005, this relationship between ZLWKWKH'HSDUWPHQWRI'HIHQVHDQGIRUSURÀWFRUSRUDWLRQV
DFDGHPLD DQG WKH PLOLWDU\ HQWHUSULVH EHFDPH DQ RIÀFLDO As a result, the management of the University of California
triad with corporate industry when management of LLNL is not only guilty of a lack of vocal resistance to United
DQG/$1/ZDVSXWXSIRUELGGLQJWKHÀUVWWLPHVLQFHWKH States imperial policies, but of being an active participant
Manhattan Project. The decision to put the labs up was a in the deliberate violence, oppression and exploitation
result of a history of shady and incomplete management by enacted by our government and our military at home and
the UC Regents over the labs, including security breeches, abroad . So what do we do about it? It should be noted
ORVWRUVWROHQFODVVLÀHGPDWHULDODQGLPSURSHUVWRULQJDQG that efforts to de-militarize and to democratize the UC are
handling of radioactive material. However, the UC Regents one and the same. Would the UC participate in the military
were able to maintain their grip on the world of nuclear enterprises described above if it were run democratically,
weapons when they submitted their bid as a conglomerate if students, staff and faculty had control over the affairs
with military-industrial corporations Bechtel, Washington of university management? Would students choose to
Group International and BWX Technologies, forming a partner with so many major players in the war industry?
Limited Liability Corporation over the labs. They won this Would you?
new contract, beating out a consortium between Lockheed
References:
Martin and University of Texas (two other institutions that
-The Baskin Study, Darwin Bond-Grahm, 2003
-http://www.corpwatch.org/index.php
relate to your life as a student at UCSC, with a branch of
-Addicted to War by Joel Andreas
Lockheed Martin located up the hill from us at the top of
-If You Poison US: Uranium and Native Americans by Peter H.
Echstaedt
Empire Grade, and with our new UC President Mark Yudof
-“Publish and Perish: Integration of University Science with the
coming to us after being Chancellor at the University of
Pentagon” by Charles Schwartz (1988, Science for the People)
Texas [See article on the Regents, pg 12] .

Corporate Takeover

17

UC & Corporate Finance

and underwater sonar systems, “that make a measurable
difference in the world from our asset management
capabilities to supporting the design and development of
new weapons systems.”
In October 2005, Perini Corporation acquired $700
PLOOLRQD\HDU FRQVWUXFWLRQ PDQDJHPHQW ÀUP 5XGROSK
& Sletten for $53 million. When Blum was a Regent, the
board hired Rudolph & Sletten to manage and serve as the
general contractor for a $48 million nanotech laboratory,
the Molecular Foundry, at the Lawrence Berkeley National
Laboratory. The project went $4 million over budget.
During this time, Regent Blum was a principle investor in
Perini. After the deal, Blum divested his Perini stock, which
EURXJKW %OXP VXEVWDQWLDO SURÀW )URP  3HULQL
and URS received a combined $1.5 billion in defense
contracts while Blum was on the boards or an investor.

Genencor, Genentech, and the UC

´7KH2IÀFHRIWKH3UHVLGHQWLQGLFDWHGWKDWLWGRHV
not engage in any active tracking of expenses
and that there is no set, comprehensive policy in
place for routinely checking on how campuses use
IXQGLQJ $FFRUGLQJ WR WKH 2IÀFH RI WKH 3UHVLGHQW
noncompensation expenses may be budgeted
at the program, department, or college level;
KRZHYHU WKH 2IÀFH RI WKH 3UHVLGHQW KDV OLWWOH WR
no knowledge of, oversight over, or other role in
tracking noncompensation expenses and that each
campus has its own method for tracking these
expenses.” (UC Audit 2010)

7KLV LV D ÀQH LQGLFDWRU RI KRZ WKH 8&V KDYH
PDQDJHG WR PDNH LW GLIÀFXOW IRU DQ\RQH WR  IROORZ WKHLU
money trail. Furthermore, through some stroke of luck
the audit didn’t include private funding and though it
recommended the UC state their funding sources, their
response was unsurprisingly a staunch ,”No.” Well here
are a few of those private corporations funding the UC
system and stealing the intellectual property of students
as well as limiting the research of our professors.

Among those that hold close relationships with
the UC, Genencor Inc., a subsidiary of Genentech Inc, is
of particular interest. As UCSC enters into a new era of
research-based programs that attract external funding,
PXFKRILWLVEHLQJGRQHIRUWKHEHQHÀWRI6LOLFRQ9DOOH\ҋV
“bio-nano-info tech revolution,” at the heart of which is
Genencor and the Joint Venture’s plans for “The Next
Silicon Valley”. The company has high ranking executives
on boards across Silicon Valley, including the Silicon Valley
Network, on which UCSC Acting Chancellor Blumenthal
also serves. In a nutshell, this is who is directing research
DW8&6&DQGLQÁXHQFLQJKLJKOHYHOGHFLVLRQVWKURXJKRXW
the UC.
Here are a few examples of the UC-Genencor
relationships:
In August 2007, UCSC hired Phil Berman to chair
the Biomolecular Engineering Department of the Jack
Baskin School of Engineering. Berman, who will receive
an annual salary of $156,000, previously worked for
Genentech and VaxGen for 15 years.

URS, Perini, and the UC

Such an addition to the UCSC faculty may become
more frequent. The 2007 Strategic Academic Plan suggests
that in the wake of rapidly decreasing state funding, UCSC
should hire faculty with an “entrepreneurial spirit” that can
attract external funding.

URS received a $25 million contract to build the Los
Alamos National Laboratories, which was received while
Chairman of the Regents, Richard Blum, was a principle
investor and vice president of the board. In response to
student-initiated pressure, Blum resigned. URS also held
a $150 million construction contract for UCLA’s Santa
Monica Medical Center, and has developed numerous
other projects for the UC. URS subsidiary, EG&G, is
another defense contractor that builds weapons systems

Genentech, Genencor’s parent company, also
has a long history with UC San Francisco--the two
were engaged in a nine-year patent dispute, in which
8&6& ÀOHG D  PLOOLRQ ODZVXLW IRU DQ DOOHJHG WKHIW RI
technology developed and patented by the university. The
GUXJRIFRQWHVW3URSURSLQZDV*HQHQWHFKҋVÀUVWGUXJRQ
the market, and made $2 billion in sales, giving rise to the
company’s status as a global leader in the industry. The
$200 million that Genentech gave to UCSF in a settlement

18

The University

seemed to function more as an investment for the company.

the Los Alamos Lab in 2005 and ultimately lost. LM has
also made billions in Homeland Security contracts. Let’s
UC-B(P)erkeley
not forget the many environmental and health catastrophes
BP’s $500 million deal with UC Berkeley was that have resulted from Lockheed’s many toxic facilities.
signed in November 2007, before BP had developed the For example, after perchlorate contamination was found
poor public reputation it now has, but even then, many in San Bernadino County’s drinking water, LM tried to
people both in the UC Berkeley campus community and convince the EPA to lower perchlorate standards in H2O to
EH\RQGVDZWKHVHULRXVFRQÁLFWRILQWHUHVWRIDQRLOJLDQW save on clean up costs.
Boeing number two in the defense industry “Big
funding energy research at a public institution.
7KUHHµ0DNHVV´VPDUWµERPEVÀJKWHUSODQHVPLVVLOH
The UC-Military Industrial Complex
components and Apache helicopters. Received $16.6
billion in military contracts
Halliburton provides oil
LQÀVFDOELOOLRQ
services and logistics. Subsidiary
in 2004.
Largest US
Kellogg Brown & Root provides
exporter. Like the other
military support services and
big defense contractors,
received $8 billion in 2003 alone in
has adapted marketing
contracts for Iraq reconstruction.
strategies and application
.%5 UHFHLYHG D QRELG ÀYH
of products for use in
\HDU FRQWUDFW WR SXW RXW RLO ÀUHV
domestic security. Under
even before the invasion began.
investigation for numerous
Received $16 million to build a
cases of corruption and
prison in Guantanamo Bay. VP
LQÁXHQFHSHGGOLQJ  2Q
Dick Cheney was Halliburton
Sept. 6th, 2008, 27,000
President and CEO until taking
machinists went on strike
RIÀFHDQGVWLOOKROGVVWRFNRSWLRQV
demanding increased job
worth over $10 million dollars.
security and compensation.
The Department of Energy’s Los
Further struggles involved
Alamos National Laboratory, the
use of outside contractors
premier nuclear weapons lab in
and higher co-pays and
the US, selected KBR as the new
deductibles.
In 2005
site support services contractor.
Boeing donated $150,000
KBR, and Los Alamos functions
to the UC Regents, which
as a subcontractor to the UC
was then passed to UC
which manages the lab.
In
extension programs in
the aftermath of Hurricane
an effort to improve the
Katrina, KBR won a $500 million
40% failure rate of the
contract to rebuild US Navy
California subject exam
facilities damaged by the storm.
for teachers (CSET) in
Halliburton and its subsidiary
math and science. One
KBR have received billions of
spokesperson for Boeing
dollars in contracts due to natural
stated in regards to
disasters and wars.
Boeing’s donations, “This is
Lockheed
Martin
is
a win-win for the company
number one in the defense
and the state. We have the
industry “Big Three.” Makes
potential to become better
ÀJKWHU SODQHV VS\ SODQHV
partners in the common
missiles and nuclear weapons.
chance to hire the students
Received $17 billion in military
ZKRDUHJRLQJWREHQHÀWIURPPRUHTXDOLÀHGWHDFKHUVµ$V
FRQWUDFWVLQÀVFDOELOOLRQLQELOOLRQ
of 2005, Boeing is the largest manufacturing employer of
in 2005. Former Lockheed VP Bruce Jackson chaired the
the state of California.
Coalition for Liberation of Iraq, which promoted the Bush
war plan. LM has a facility in Santa Cruz County at the References:
Lockheed Martin Missiles and Space Company in Bonny
-UC Audit: http://www.bsa.ca.gov/pdfs/reports/2010-105.pdf
Doon. The Trident and other missiles were worked on at this
-Cal Disorientation Guide 2010
site. The company battled the UC for a contract to manage

19

20

The University

An Injury to One
is an Injury to All!

a public service; instead, it is based entirely in private
interests and on private models, only this corporation uses
public funds and the fees and tuition of many hardworking
students to serve the already rich and powerful.

Welcome to the University of California, Santa
&UX],Q\RXUÀUVWZHHNVKHUH\RXZLOOSUREDEO\GRVRPH
if not all, of the following things: buy books at the Baytree
Bookstore; stand in line for a new student ID; eat meals in
the dining halls; take showers in a regularly cleaned dorm
bathroom, and throw last night’s beer cans into the justemptied dumpster outside your building.

The University can more than afford to take on its
role as a public institution properly, to treat its employees
with dignity and to keep its doors open to all students
who wish to learn. Instead, it edges out more and more
students with each fee hike and tuition increase. Instead, it
denies its employees salaries that meet the cost of living,
and imposes greater and greater workloads on the same
number of workers, directly decreasing the quality of
education and student life at UCSC.
What happens to the surplus money that the
University makes each year? It’s clearly not going to
workers. It’s certainly not going to our overcrowded
classrooms, shrinking library or overburdened TAs. Where
is all of this money going?! And what can we do to get it
back?

As you do each of these things, take a minute to consider
what is happening around you. This university is staffed by
thousands of people who do everything from teach your
classes to clean your common room. Consider that it is
these people who make your university experience here
possible. The University works because they do.
Unfortunately, the University of California, which
functions essentially as one of the largest corporations in
the state (see Regents p.48), also has one of the worst
reputations as an employer. From its inception, the UC
has been charged with labor violations: unsafe working
conditions, poverty-level wages and refusal to negotiate in
good faith with labor unions.
Labor unions are the primary organizations that
represent workers and negotiate for their rights with their
employers. They protect workers from unlawful termination
and harassment, and organize to increase job security,
wages and opportunities against the incessant rollbacks
of corporations and our government. Most importantly,
labor unions can build solidarity among groups of people
who are all interested in the same thing: improving their
ability to defend their rights and the value of their labor
- no simple task at UC. Interested primarily in prestige,
SRZHU DQG SURÀW WKH DGPLQLVWUDWRUV DQG 5HJHQWV RI WKH
8QLYHUVLW\ FDQ EH FRXQWHG RQ WR ÀJKW HDFK \HDU DJDLQVW
WKH OHJDOO\ MXVWLÀHG DQG HQWLUHO\ UHDVRQDEOH UH TXHVWV RI
its employees. And for what? UC is a public institution and
\HW LW SXWV DZD\ UHFRUG SURÀWV HYHU\ ÀVFDO FORVH :K\"
Because it’s priorities have nothing to do with improving
education and the communities on and around campuses.
Rather than respect the surrounding communities and the
workers who come from them, the university treats them as
expendable. This does not even come close to constituting

21

The commitment to stand up together for all working
people’s rights is one of the most fundamental principles
of the labor movement, both ethically and strategically.
Solidarity - the key to resistance - develops when we build
personal connections with the people in our communities.
Get to know the people who clean your dorms and
classrooms, the people who drive your buses and process
\RXU ÀQDQFLDO DLG SDSHUZRUN %XLOGLQJ UHODWLRQVKLSV DQG
alliances like this is not only crucial to resisting the rollback
of our education, it also gives us a glimpse of what is lost
LQDV\VWHPZKLFKSULRULWL]HVSURÀWRYHUSHRSOH

Union Cheat Sheet
‡$)6&0($VVRFLDWLRQRI)HGHUDO6WDWH&RXQW\DQG0XQLFLSDO
Employees: groundskeepers, custodians, shuttle drivers
and dining hall workers. www.afscme3299.org mmolina@
afscme3299.org 831.425.4822
‡$)7$PHULFDQ)HGHUDWLRQRI7HDFKHUVOHFWXUHUVKWWSXFVF
ucaft.org/, allison@ucsc-aft.org
‡ 8$: 8QLWHG $XWR :RUNHUV 7HDFKHUV $VVLVWDQWV ZZZ
uaw2865.org santacruz@uaw2865.org 831.423.9737.
‡ &8(7HDPVWHUV &RDOLWLRQ RI 8QLYHUVLW\ (PSOR\HHV &OHULFDO
ZRUNHUVZZZFXHXQLRQRUJRIÀFH#VDQWDFUX]FXHRUJ
0258
‡ 837( 8QLYHUVLW\ 3URIHVVLRQDO DQG 7HFKQLFDO (PSOR\HHV
technical support, lab assistants, researchers. http://upte-ucsc.
org/ upte@upte-cwa.org 831.429.8783

Ethnic Studies

atmosphere of complacency, ignorance, and racism, UC
Santa Cruz risks the distinction of being “the Arizona of the
UC system.”
The time is right—indeed, long overdue—for
the establishment of a department of ethnic and critical
race studies at UC Santa Cruz. As a public institution of
higher learning, the University of California is mandated
to serve the people of California. Given the shifting
demographics of the state, UC Santa Cruz must adjust
its institutional priorities away from bloated administrative
salaries and allocate permanent funding for ethnic and
critical race studies as an urgent comparative, local and
global, interdisciplinary, and multilingual project—a critical
theoretical and political project that articulates with queer,
feminist, and labor studies in challenging asymmetrical
power relations and fostering emergent and minoritized
forms of knowledge production.

Over four decades have passed since students
LQ WKH ÀUVW JUDGXDWLQJ FODVV DW 8& 6DQWD &UX] WRRN RYHU
commencement to highlight racism and discrimination
towards students of color on the campus. Their protest
was part of a wider grassroots political movement to realize
Third World studies at public universities in California and
beyond—a movement that would give rise to the College of
Ethnic Studies at San Francisco State and the departments
of African American and ethnic studies at UC Berkeley. Yet,
whereas its neighboring institutions can claim legacies of
ethnic studies over forty years old, UC Santa Cruz, in sharp
contrast, remains the only longstanding campus within the
University of California system without a formalized ethnic
studies program or department.
The climate at UC Santa Cruz is notoriously hostile.
Despite the historical and ongoing efforts of students who
have continuously fought for a department of Third World,
Native American, and ethnic studies, UC Santa Cruz has
failed to address the need for critical race studies as a
dedicated site of intellectual and political inquiry. Instead,
“diversity” is managed along tokenistic or PR lines. The
reality at UC Santa Cruz is grim: lecturers are hired on
an inconsistent basis to teach courses in critical race
studies which are nowhere advertised to the student
body at large, student-of-color organizations sponsor and
teach their own ethnic studies courses as well as shoulder
the burden of outreach to and retention of underserved
minority communities, ethnic resource centers are
chronically underfunded and their staff overworked, and
faculty of color are loathe to set foot on this campus and
depart in droves. Over the past year alone, UC Santa Cruz
has witnessed the suspension of Community Studies and
American Studies, the loss of all black studies faculty
in the Literature Department, and the administration’s
GRZQSOD\LQJ RI UDPSDQW QDWLYLVW DQG -LP &URZ JUDIÀWL
throughout the campus. Complicit in perpetuating a toxic

22

We accordingly demand the following:
* Establishment of an ethnic and critical race studies
department with permanent faculty lines, a major and a
PLQRUDQGDÀHOGVWXGLHVFRPSRQHQW
* Increased permanent funding for the Ethnic Resource
Centers
* Sustained, fully-funded recruitment, and retention
of students from underrepresented and underserved
communities. In particular, full-time recruiter in Student
Admissions who will outreach to underserved communities
in San Jose and East Palo Alto.
* Protection, retention, and education of AB540/
undocumented students by developing an Intergenerational
Immigrant Resource Center that provides support through
programming, funding, and other resources. Funding of
AB540/undocumented education through institutional aid.
,QFUHDVHGJUDQWEDVHGVFKRODUVKLSVDQGÀQDQFLDODLGIRU
working-class students and students of color

A Personal Narrative
I’d like you to know that the narrative UC Santa Cruz
has produced around “diversity” is a shallow interpretation
of the meaning of the word. As brotha’ Cornel West puts
it, true diversity is “multi-contextual” and if we accept his
GHÀQLWLRQZHKDYHWRDVVHUWWKDWLQWKHDEVHQFHRI(WKQLF
Studies, a discipline that roots its analysis in the historical
legacies of colonized and oppressed people, the University
RI&DOLIRUQLD6DQWD&UX]LVIDLOLQJWRIXOÀOOLWVUHVSRQVLELOLW\
to its students that comprise the very diversity they so
proudly boast of.
For 40 years students have been contextualizing
themselves, teaching their own classes and learning with
and through each other, from the student lead classroom
to the occupied buildings of UCSC. I’d like to share with

Racism & Resistance

you what I’ve come to know of this 40-year history through
UHVHDUFK DQG ÀUVW DFFRXQW H[SHULHQFH 7KH VWUXJJOH IRU
Ethnic Studies has its roots in the beginning years of the
university where a group of Third World Students hijacked
WKH ÀUVW JUDGXDWLRQ FHUHPRQ\ WR GHPRQVWUDWH WKHLU
frustration with the inadequate resources within an already
culturally incompetent social and academic context. In 1981,
students used “hunger as a weapon” against their bodies
to show the administration that they were willing to live and
die so that the intellectual traditions of non-western people,
FRXOGEHVXIÀFLHQWO\UHSUHVHQWHGDFFHVVLEOHDQGUHTXLUHG
for the entire UCSC student body. (A short documentary
entitled Hunger Strike! is available at Mchenry library &
youtube). The hunger strike resulted in the hiring of Ethnic
Studies faculty and the “E” or “Ethnic” general education
requirement. Since 1981 the demands for Ethnic Studies
KDYHEHHQVSRUDGLFODFNHGFOHDUGHÀQLWLYHODQJXDJHDQG
was missing the graduate student and faculty support
needed to realize the department.

and surrounding student movement. As the friends began
to develop a collective vision for the trajectory of their
organizing, Ethnic Studies became a central focus of all
of our planning and strategizing. As we began conducting
research about the history of Ethnic Studies in Berkeley
and UC San Francisco we realized there were limits to
the previous incarnations of the discipline, particularly
the underdevelopment of Indigenous studies, Afrikan
6WXGLHV$VLDQ$PHULFDQ3DFLÀF,VODQGHU6WXGLHV0LGGOH
Eastern or Arab Studies, Mixed-Race Studies and even a
transnational/global approach to these sub groupings of
Ethnic Studies.

With this realization came the language that
provided the clear direction and vision for the UC Santa
Cruz brand of Ethnic Studies. We no longer understood
RXUVHOYHVWREHÀJKWLQJIRU(WKQLF6WXGLHVEXWLQVWHDGZHҋUH
struggling to establish a critical site of inquiry in the form
of a “Critical Race & Ethnic Studies (CRES)” department,
The following is an excerpt from the undergraduate
The most recent revival of the movement for proposal written by the friends outlining the vision for the
Ethnic Studies is also perhaps the most successful one. department: “Organized around principles of Oppositional
Unfortunately this success is not due to a mass movement Scholarship, the Critical Race & Ethnic Studies Department
RI GRZQ EURWKDV VLVWXKV DQG QRQJHQGHU LGHQWLÀHG is designed to cultivate a critical approach to the study of
revolutionaries striking for 10 weeks and demanding that race, ethnicity, and their intersections with structures of
(WKQLF 6WXGLHV EH HVWDEOLVKHG DQG DOORZHG WR ÁRXULVK oppression and power in a global context.” The function of
much like Berkeley did. Instead the success was a result this language is to go beyond the brand of Ethnic Studies
of a dedicated group of students, who were working that focuses merely on identity politics and the nation state
autonomously: holding rallies, social justice tours, general and fails to indict the current structures of oppression that
assemblies, and weekly organizing meetings that informed we are all intimately connected to. Essentially the wording
their work institutionally, which consisted of meeting with articulates the radical nature and function of the type of
administrators, faculty, staff, and graduate students on a discipline we wish to see realized here at UC Santa Cruz,
regular basis. The group of students, who I’ll refer to as one that negotiates power to the extent that it has direct
the “friends”, came together in an attempt to address the DQGWDQJLEOHEHQHÀWVIRUWKHFRPPXQLWLHVLWLVDFFRXQWDEOH
needs and concerns of students of color in a movement to. The language was essential to develop especially when
WKDWUHÁHFWHGWKHLURZQOLYHGH[SHULHQFHVDQGRUJDQL]LQJ our own student government (Student Union Assembly/
traditions, a quality absent during the Kerr Hall Occupation SUA) had decided to make Ethnic Studies their project for

23

the year, which manifested itself in sporadic, inconsistent is that the administration does not prioritize disciplines
DQG LQVXIÀFLHQW HIIRUWV WR VSHDN WR XQGHUJUDGXDWHV that are critical of dominant power structures, let alone
graduate students, faculty, staff and administration.
anything to do with Third World Students. That is why I
am stressing the need for current students and future

7KH 68$ SURSRVDO ZDV UHÁHFWLYH RI WKH YHU\
CRES students to continue to organize and be willing to
underdeveloped version of Ethnic Studies we as organizers
LQÁLFW SROLWLFDO FRQVHTXHQFHV VKRXOG WKHLU UHVRXUFHV DQG
were trying to avoid. This means we, as students must
disciplines come under attack by any wing of the university.
hold the new SUA accountable to the students and the
7KHDELOLW\WRLQÁLFWSROLWLFDOFRQVHTXHQFHVLVJRLQJWREH
projects they have decided to undertake. With this vision
essential when we consider the most probably trajectory
the friends organized a rally on March 2nd, in which close
of the development of CRES as a discipline, which will
to 300 students were in attendance. At the climax of
take the form of a program, then a major/minor, and
the rally the friends led a retreat at the Ethnic Resource
ÀQDOO\DGHSDUWPHQW$GHSDUWPHQWLVWKHGHVLUHGSURGXFW
Center. As Third World Students we felt it was important to
because a department would give the faculty a great deal
distinguish ourselves from past actions by stating this was
of autonomy in terms of budget, content, and management
not an occupation but a “non-violent utilization of student
of resources. I would like to end by encouraging everyone
funded resources for the distinct purpose of “echoing the
to check out the blog that the friends created in attempt to
voices of the past that have demanded a critical site of
sustain a historical memory. Visit http://ucscethnicstudies.
inquiry in the form of an CRES department” (Retreat!). It
ZRUGSUHVVFRP WR ÀQG D GHWDLOHG KLVWRU\ RI WKH ZRUN ZH
was through organizing for March 2nd that we developed
have been doing and updates on what is next for the
the relationships necessary to make CRES a reality in UC
movement in the coming 2011-2012 school year and how
Santa Cruz. Since March 2nd, a group of graduate students
to get involved. La lucha sigue…
of color from the Feminist Studies department have drafted
a beautifully written and substantial proposal for a CRES Holla’ Back.
department that has been the basis of our interactions with
faculty and administration.
Also, a faculty of color working group
has formed to be responsible for drafting
the proposal for the CRES to be
presented in the Academic Senate,
the universities governing body
responsible for approving any
discipline for institutionalization.
After an open forum on
Ethnic Studies a faculty
member from the working
group approached me,
“congratulations,
you
all have managed to
accomplish a lot in short
period of time. I hope
you realize the urgency
and organization of the
undergraduates really lit the
ÀUHXQGHUWKHIDFXOW\DQGZH
felt we had to get ourselves
together.” Despite being the
closest we have been towards
getting CRES we are still in the
early stages of its development,
which means we as students have
WRPDLQWDLQDQGIXUWKHURXULQÁXHQFH
on how the department begins to take
form. If the defunding of Ethnic Studies
at Berkeley/SF and American/Community
studies here at UCSC has taught us anything

24

Racism & Resistance

Prison Industrial Complex
To Incarcerate or to Educate? That is the Question.

You may be wondering why an article about prisons
is in The Disorientation Guide for UCSC. What relationships
could institutions of higher education possibly have to
institutions of punishment? The connections are many. A
snapshot: prisoners in California build many of the desks
we use here at UCSC. Lets dig deeper. On the level of state
government, the allocation of funding for prisons and the
universities connects these institutions through California’s
state budget. On a societal level, prisons and universities
maintain the established order, which offers some people
opportunities and locks other people in cages.
As part of a global shift of governments away from
social services and toward social control, global spending
on prisons has sky rocketed while public education is being
dismantled. In the 1960’s California passed the state passed
the California Master Plan for Higher Education, which
laid out the Community College, CSU, and UC systems
to guarantee access to education. This represented a
visionary plan rooted in the belief that all people who
wish to learn should have the opportunity to do so. Sadly,
the state of California has been destroying the Master
Plan over the past three decades while simultaneously
expanding the prison system. Between the years 1980 and
2000, the state of California built 23 new prisons and 2 new
universities1; in the mid-seventies, the UC received 6.6
percent of the state budget and prisons received 3 percent,
but now, the UC gets 2.2 percent and the
prison industry gets 7.4 percent
of the state budget2. Prisons
devour social wealth that
could go to social programs
like universities and health
care. The state has shown
that it cares more about
punishment than education.
Universities and prisons
represent two fundamental
institutions for the propagation
of the current social order;
universities help determine
who will run this show while
prisons determine who
will be put in cages. In
America, these structural
forces tend to reproduce a
white supremacist capitalist
society. If we actually want to
live in a just world, we must
critically question injustices
and we must take direct

25

action based on what we learn. For universities and
prisons, we must ask: Who ends up where? How do they
JHWWKHUH":KREHQHÀWV"
With these institutions, two patterns stand-out:
people of color in conditions of economic oppression tend
to be thrown in prison while white people from conditions
of economic privilege usually go to college. With both
XQLYHUVLWLHV DQG SULVRQV FRUSRUDWLRQV SURÀW 5DFLDOL]HG
assumptions about crime and deviancy then work to justify
WKHVH KRUULÀF VRFLDO SUDFWLFHV 2YHU  SHUFHQW RI WKH
prisoners in the United States are people of color; there
DUH ÀYH WLPHV DQ\ PDQ\ EODFN PHQ LQ SULVRQ WKDQ WKHUH
are black men in universities3; blacks make up 6.2% of
California’s population at large, 29.1% of California’s prison
population, and 2.3% of the population at UCSC. This
VRFLDO UHDOLW\ LV XQMXVWLÀDEOH DQG LW GRHV QRW FRPH IURP
nowhere. This social order is structurally produced and
reproduced through prisons and universities. If we wish to
live in an actual democracy, with an educated population,
DQGVRPHVHPEODQFHRIHTXDOLW\ZHPXVWÀJKWDJDLQVWWKH
SULVRQLQGXVWULDO FRPSOH[ DQG ÀJKW IRU KLJKHU HGXFDWLRQ
This struggle is ongoing, how will you contribute?
Due to various limitations, this piece cannot include
a number of perspectives for understanding the prisonindustrial complex and the university. This is a starting
point, not an ending. For more information and ways to
contribute to the struggle, start by looking up: Critical
Resistance, Justice Now, On The Poverty of Student Life,
Fire to the Prisons, and Abolition Now.
References
1. Education as Liberation
2. Mad as Hell
3. Masked Racism

Save the
Knoll

It’s September 10th, the night before the
'LVRULHQWDWLRQ*XLGH&ROOHFWLYHZLOOVHQGWKHÀQDOFRS\RI
the Guide to the printers. I’ve waited as long as possible
to write this piece because the campaign to Save the Knoll
is ongoing. I want to give the most up-to-date coverage
possible, but by the time you read this, more events will
have unfolded. This article is an introduction to the struggle
to protect the sacred Ohlone burial site on Market Street woman, “What I say about this [type of] development
here in Santa Cruz.
that happens all over the Bay Area is that it’s a cultural
You are standing on occupied indigenous territory genocide. They’re trying to wipe us out, in a different kind
(See Ohlone History, p. 44). The place we call the United of way…When people go around to those places to try to
States was once home to millions of indigenous people ÀQGRXWZKRZHUHWKHQDWLYHSHRSOHKHUH":KDWGLGWKH\
from many different tribes. Over the past 500 years, live like? There’s nothing here.” The knoll has not yet been
European settlers carried out a barbaric campaign of destroyed, it is still here, and while KB Home continues
genocide and theft. The land we know as Santa Cruz with its efforts to bulldoze the burial ground, people are
was once the land of the Ohlone people. Beginning in ÀJKWLQJWR6DYHWKH.QROO
1791, Spanish colonizers invaded the area, slaughtered
indigenous people, stole land, and built the Santa Cruz
Mission; this savage conquest has continued through the
era of Manifest Destiny to the time of the Gold Rush to
today.

Through the legal bureaucracy of the Native
American Heritage Commission, the Ohlone people have
recommended that no more construction take place on
the burial ground. These laws allow indigenous people to
make recommendations about development projects on
These practices of genocidal colonialism have sacred sites, but the laws don’t give the indigenous people
not stopped—what is happening on the knoll at Market real power to stop the desecration. Due to the failings of
Street Field demonstrated this in the form of cultural the colonial legal system, the Save the Knoll Coalition
genocide and desecration. Market Street Field is a known formed to protect the Ohlone ancestors. The coalition
Ohlone village site with deep cultural, spiritual, and has organized demonstrations, continued to protest at
SROLWLFDOVLJQLÀFDQFH%HQHDWKWKHVRLORIWKLVVLWHDUHWKH the construction site, delivered demands to the KB Home
bodies of Ohlone ancestors—it is a sacred burial ground. corporate headquarters, spoke at City Council meetings,
Despite this fact, the Santa Cruz City Council endorsed a conducted ceremonies, and hosted educational events to
construction project on the site in 2007. Before voting to raise community awareness. Its unclear what the future
approve the project that would destroy this sacred place, KDV LQ VWRUH IRU WKLV VWUXJJOH EXW , DP FRQÀGHQW WKDW WKH
former City Planning Commissioner Judy Warner called concerned members of the Santa Cruz community will do
LW´WKHROGHVWDQGPRVWVLJQLÀFDQWFXOWXUDODUHDLQWKHFLW\µ whatever is necessary to protect this burial ground from the
KB Home (a Fortune 500 corporation that purchased the barbarism of colonial destruction and cultural genocide.
site in 2010) has pushed this brutal project forward despite The struggle to defend the Ohlone ancestors needs all the
widespread opposition from the Ohlone people, local support it can get—I hope you contribute your time and
residents, archaeologists, environmentalists and historic HQHUJ\WRWKLVHIIRUW7ROHDUQPRUHDQGÀJXUHRXWKRZWR
get involved, check out savetheknoll.org and get going.
preservationists.

,Q WKH ÀUVW ZHHN RI $XJXVW  DV .% +RPH References:
moved forward with its plan to build 32 “green” homes,
European settlers unearthed half of the body of a nine\HDUROG2KORQHFKLOG6LQFHWKLVDFWRIKRUULÀFGHVHFUDWLRQ
WRRNSODFHWKHVWUXJJOHWR6DYHWKH.QROOKDVLQWHQVLÀHG
In the words of Corrina Gould, a Chochenyo Ohlone

26

‡Minutes from 4/19/07 Planning Commision Meeting; City of
Santa Cruz, p.4.

‡Audio

recording of Corrina Gould speaking at the
Oakland Intertribal Friendship House, 7/08/11. – “http://
protectglencove.org/”http://protectglencove.org/

Racism & Resistance

Engaging Education (e2)
What is e2?

facilitators and students worked on developing the beginning
of the e2 center. The referendum was created in response to
WKHLQWHQVLI\LQJWKUHDWRIFXWVWRVWXGHQWUHVRXUFHVVSHFLÀFDOO\
outreach and retention. e2 has institutionalized student-initiated
outreach and retention programs, which recruit and maintain a
GLYHUVHVWXGHQWERG\DW8&6&DVZHOOÀJKWIRUWKHHGXFDWLRQDO
rights of all students.

Engaging Education is a supportive
and dynamic space for programming
that addresses the low rates of Outreach and Retention
recruitment, retention and graduation
that
historically
under-resourced
Outreach and Retention programs are studentcommunities face within higher initiated and student-run. Each targets, but is not exclusively
education.
To build a foundation for, historically underrepresented communities. Our Outreach
for students to grows and evolve, e2 programs seek to create opportunities for, and encourage high
promotes programming that engages in school students to continue their education at an institution of
grassroots organizing, student activism, higher education. Our Retention programs aim to help students
community-building both inside and outside reach their fullest potential as learners and graduate. Each
the University,
program fosters mentorship, builds a sense of
and understanding legacies
community, and offers academic, and social
2
2
of social justice struggle. e2 “e is not an organization or a club--e is a conscious support. As the center grows, new programs
partners with the University movement by students towards owning and taking can be created and supported by the center
community to provide a responsibility for our education.”
purposeful, transformative
2
and relevant educational “e believes there is power in numbers; through Services
solidarity
and unity the possibilities for change are
experience for all students.
endless.”
In addition to our Outreach and
Context and History
Retention
programs, e2 provides other
“e2 believes in the right to a free and accessible services that help support and engage
The concept of e2: education for all.”
students during their academic career. These
Engaging Education was
include:
ÀUVW LQWURGXFHG DW WKH 
Peace Vigil organized by the Ethnic Student Organization
‡6SDFHWRVWXG\XVHWKHFRPSXWHUVGLDORJXHDVNTXHVWLRQV
Counsel in response to two major hate incidents that had
and hold events or workshops.
UHFHQWO\RFFXUUHGDW8&6&2QWKHHYHQWҋVÁ\HUHZDVGHÀQHG
‡7XWRUV LQ ZULWLQJ PDWK ELRORJ\ FKHPLVWU\ HWF  7KH\
as, “(v): Engaging Education: is not a organization or club –
are available every Monday through Thursday at the e2
e2 is a conscious movement by students at UCSC towards
Redwood Lounge.
owning and taking responsibility for our education.” Students
‡$FDGHPLF&UHGLWIRUDFWLYLVPWKURXJKWKHHFODVV
were outraged at the lack of support felt from members of the
‡0HQWRUVKLS WKURXJK 5HWHQWLRQ 3URJUDPV DQG H  FHQWHU
university administration and the campus community in general.
internships.
They decided that if any change was to be made it, it was going
‡H /LEUDU\ LV D FROOHFWLRQ RI WH[WERRNV DQG UHDGHUV WKDW
to have to come from the students.
students can check out.
The idea for the e2: Engaging Education Center,
conceived at the Peace Vigil, was developed into the Measure
10 Campus referendum during the e2 class (previously the
ESOC Leadership class) of Winter and Spring 2003. The class

Education For Sustainable
Living Program
Hey UCSC students, do you know what sustainability
PHDQV" 7KH GHÀQLWLRQ KHDUG PRVW ZLGHO\ LV ´WR PHHW WKH
needs of the present without compromising the ability of
future generations to meet their own needs”. The Education
for Sustainable Living Program (ESLP) gives students the
opportunity to learn about this powerful concept while making
change in our university. ESLP is an entirely student taught
class that happens each spring quarter. If you feel like your
education is not teaching you about topics you care about, do
something about it.
Students who enroll in the class attend a weekly
lecture series on many different topics such as permaculture,
food justice, and different types of activism. All students
also participate in either a student taught discussion section
(CRAFT), or an Action Research Team (ART). Students
participating in a CRAFT meet weekly to discuss the weekly

27

Contact Us:
HPDLOXFVFBH#\DKRRFRP
Main: 831-459-1743
lecture topic, and other sustainability topics. ART students study
DPRUHVSHFLÀFWRSLFLQVXVWDLQDELOLW\DQGWDNHRQDSURMHFWWR
improve our campus in that area. All the ARTs and CRAFTs are
lead by highly trained student facilitators.
There are many ways to get involved in ESLP each with
a different time commitment. If you just have a little bit of time,
you can sign up for a 2 unit CRAFT. With a little more time, you
can participate in an ART. Students even more excited about
ESLP can sign up to teach an ART or a CRAFT, or work year
round to organize ESLP. ESLP is known as College 8, 61 for
WKH&5$)76DQG&ROOHJHIRUWKH$576<RXFDQÀQGXV
online at eslp.enviroslug.org.

‡ Take charge of your education
‡ Learn in a community
‡ Learn how to make change at UCSC
‡ Make great friends
‡ Get UCSC credit for your activism
‡ CLEI 61 or 161

Local Plants & Herbs
Aaron White

Living in Santa Cruz one should learn that food is
never far, whether you’re getting it from a dumpster or from
the forest. Besides California Oaks, Manzanitas, Madrones, and Redwoods that make up our environment there’s
a large number of herbs and plants that we can use for
teas, tinctures, salves, and to eat. I’m only going to discuss
DIHZ,I\RXҋUHLQWHUHVWHGLQHGLEOHSODQWVDQGORFDOÁRUD
you should go on a Free Skool herb walk, check out zines
on local herbs at the SubRosa Infoshop, or pick up a copy
of “Plant Uses: California” from the arboretum (also available online). You should know about plants as you can use
WKHPLQPDQ\ZD\VDQGEHFRPHPRUHVHOIVXIÀFLHQWLQWKH
vein of DIY. Harvest it yourself!
Rosemary 5RVPDULQXVRIÀFLQDOLV 7KLVSODQWLV
rather easy to identify due to its bushy nature and needlelike leaves and the fact that rosemary is a common ingrediHQWLQFRRNLQJ<RXFDQÀQGLWJURZLQJDOORYHUFDPSXVDQG
in town. Aside from simply grabbing a bunch and throwing
it into your lunch, you can also use rosemary in tea. In
eastern medicine it is believed to help with grief.
Plantain (Plantago lanceolata)- Not to be confused with the fruit, this plant is often considered to be
a “weed,” despite its numerous medicinal properties. The
plantain is a small plant whose leaves can be broad or
QDUURZ ZLWK ÀEURXV WKUHDGV UXQQLQJ WKH OHQJWK RI WKHP
The plant can be chewed up and used externally for insect
bites, stings, burns and cuts. The juice can also be used
internally (1-2 tsp, 3x/day) to help treat gastritis, ulcers, and
bladder problems. If you’d like, you can throw some plantain into your salad.
Miner’s Lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata)- This plant
is high in vitamin C and goes great in salads. It is often
easiest to identify in spring as it has small pink or white
ÁRZHUV ZLWK ÀYH SHWDOV 7KH OHDYHV DUH URXQGHG OLJKW
green, and look like small pond leaves.
Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)- The leaves are a
soft and sometimes dark green, serrated, and will appear
to be hairy. The leaves can be used for tea, used in soup,
and can be eaten directly off the plant after rolling up the
leaf and bruising its tissue to remove the hairs that might
otherwise sting you. This plant is high in protein and has
often been used in folk remedies to treat rheumatism by
directly applying the leaf to the sore area. Soaking nettles
in water or boiling will remove the stinging chemicals from
the plant. Some people also use the Stinging Nettle for
kinky fun but remember that everyone’s sensitivity to the
plant is different.
Manzanita (Arcostaphylos)- This woody shrub/
small tree is characterized by its smooth red/brown peeling
bark and its light green oval leaves. Manzanitas has small
SLQNÁRZHUVWKDWPDWXUHLQWRVPDOOUHGEURZQHGLEOH EHU-

28

ries in fall. The berries can be ground up and mixed with
water to ferment into a cider. The leaves of the tree can
be used in tea to help with bladder problems, urinary tract
problems, headaches, and sores, amongst other things.
The Silver-Leaf Manzanita which can be found locally is
endangered.
Mountain Balm aka Yerba Santa ( Eriodictyon
californicum)- This plants leaves are lance or stake shaped
and can be both thick and sticky. They are often dusted
with a black fungi which can be easily wiped off or washed
away. The leaves have been used to treat upper respiratory ailments and asthma. Another kind of Yerba Santa
(Eriodictyon crassifolium) can also be found around here
though it grows to be much taller than Mountain Balm and
KDGVRIWODYHQGHUÁRZHUVWKDWJURZLQFOXVWHUVRQWKHWRS
The leaves can be boiled into teas to mitigate coughs, sore
throats, and asthma. A strong tea is supposed to help with
sore limbs.
Bay Laurel (Umbellularia californica)- This tall tree
is the sole species in its genus. It’s leaves are often misWDNHQIRUED\OHDYHVWKRXJKWKH\DUHVWURQJHULQÁDYRU7KH
leaves are smooth and lens shaped and the tree can grow
up to 90 ft (30m) tall. The tree also produces an edible nut
which is inside of a fruit that resembles a small avocado.
Cut the nuts out of the fruit and then wash them before
baking to leach out any toxins from the fruit. The nut is kind
of sweet and can be dried and powdered and made into
something similar to coffee. The leaves have been used to
treat headaches, toothaches, earaches, sore throats and
to help free up mucus in the lungs in order to expel it. I recommend mixing a small amount of bay laurel with something sweeter as many people don’t like such a bitter taste
in their teas.

The Environment

GREEN
DOLLARS
Buying green is good, but it won’t save the planet.

You’re probably aware that we are already in
a phase of global environmental collapse. If you’re
not, you’ve been living under a rock or watching too
much Fox News. Hopefully you’re doing what you
can to reduce your ecological footprint. You might already have a Klean Kanteen (®), re-usable canvas
shopping bags, and 30% post-consumer recycled
notebooks for your classes this quarter. You might already eat organic and local foods whenever possible.
Those are good things! Keep doing them! Just know
that simply ‘buying green’ will not, can not, stop the
environmental catastrophe that we’re facing. Environmentalism is about a hell of a lot more than responsible consumerism. Here are two big reasons why:

is almost twice as high as it is for whites¹ because
black people are lazy. It has nothing to do with
WKH IDFW WKDW VXEWOH SUHMXGLFHV VWLOO LQÁXHQFH WKH
predominantly white management of US corporations. Women are only paid about ¾ as much as
men² because they’re not as capable. It has nothing to do with the fact that subtle prejudices still
LQÁXHQFHWKHSUHGRPLQDQWO\PDOHPDQDJHPHQWRI
US corporations.”) “The environment is fucked up
because people don’t recycle enough. It has nothing to do with the fact that unchecked corporate
industry produces mass quantities of stuff that we
GRQҋW QHHG LQ WKH ÀUVW SODFHµ +RSHIXOO\ \RX VHH
the parallel.

1. ‘Buying green’ turns environmentalism into a
luxury for those who have enough money to afford it. It’s easy to get an ego boost by ‘shopping
ethically’, but it’s good to remember that a large
portion of the population (locally and nationally)
couldn’t walk into New Leaf and throw down $15
on a pound of organic, fair trade, shade-grown
coffee even if they wanted to.

So, where should we go from here? I don’t claim
to have the answer to that question, but I can list off
a few things that we (and you) can do. We can keep
using our Klean Kanteens and canvas bags. We can
keep recycling, we can buy local and go vegetarian/
vegan (hell yeah!), and we can stop buying unnecessary crap. We can compost. We can vote for political
representatives who aren’t bought and sold by the oil,
corn and meat industries. If we’re willing to risk arrest,
we can hold rallies, sit-ins and occupations against
the corporations and government agencies that make
such enormous environmental devastation possible.
If we’re willing to risk torture and/or death, we can
EORZ XS UDZPDWHULDO VXSSO\ OLQHV DQG RLO UHÀQHULHV
Do what you’re comfortable with, but know that no
amount of petition signing and green-buying will bring
the machines to a halt as quickly as must happen if
we want to have the possibility of grandchildren.

2. ‘Buying green’ takes responsibility for environmental stewardship off of the corporations that
SURGXFHWR[LFVKLWLQWKHÀUVWSODFHRIIRIWKHJRYernment that is supposed to regulate those corporations, and on to individual consumers. Environmental problems get blamed on the decisions
of supposedly careless individuals, rather than on
the fact that our governmental regulatory systems
are utterly failing to protect us from the climatologically catastrophic consequences of corporate
greed. This pattern of placing responsibility solely
on the individual is part of the same argument used
by the political right to justify institutional racism
and sexism. (“The unemployment rate for blacks

29

References:
1.http://www.bls.gov/cps/demographics.htm#race
KWWSHQZLNLSHGLDRUJZLNL(TXDOBSD\BIRUBZRPHQ

Long Range Development Plan
Goodbye Upper Campus; Hello College 12
What do you mean by Long
Range Development (LRDP)?
When we walk around
UCSC, College 9 and 10
for example, it’s easy to
forget that these new,
modern buildings are
preceded by a long
history--before fences
went up and redwood
trees were cut down,
before cement was
poured and set. The
processes which made
way for these constructions have
QRW RQO\ HQYLURQPHQWDOHFRORJLFDO UDPLÀFDWLRQV EXW DOVR
spill into budgetary and institutional spheres, ultimately
controlling the distribution of resources at UCSC.

The LRDP sets the outer limits for projected growth
DW8&6&,WÀOOVRYHUSDJHVZLWKRYHUYLHZVRISODQVIRU
the physical future of our campus. Along with the LRDP
come many other documents; especially important is the
Environmental Impact Report (EIR). The EIR is a 900
page analysis addressing how expansion would impact
the environment, including air and water quality, impacts
WRÁRUDDQGIDXQDDQGFRPPXQLW\FKDQJHVOLNHWUDIÀFDQG
housing. The way in which the EIR addresses environment
and infrastructure is incomplete and does not guarantee
the mitigation of future environmental impacts. These
LQVXIÀFLHQFLHV KDYH VLJQLÀFDQW FRQVHTXHQFHV IRU RXU
academic and local communities; they obstruct our ability
to learn and create at a University in the forest.

Beyond these shortcomings, neither the LRDP nor
the EIR include analysis of a number of major elements of
UC life. NOTHING of the process for approving expansion
addresses our academic experience, the economics of
expansion, and the maintenance of campus infrastructure
as a whole. The EIR ignores the interdependency of all
these elements and systems which make up UCSC and the
environment of which it is a part. There are no safeguards
to see that the administration pairs construction with efforts
The College 9/10 buildings haven’t been around
to maintain what is already here: a unique campus culture
forever, and neither has UCSC. This university changes
and academic quality, a delicate redwood ecosystem, and a
each year, sometimes radically, and growth is a major part
thriving community. Even
of that change. This is not the kind
the UCSC sewer system
of growth we see in the forest, but
Enrollment is expected to increase is under-maintained, yet it
an infrastructural growth that is
too continues to expand.
malleable to changing educational by 4,500 students, bringing UCSC’s
V\VWHPV
VFLHQWLÀF
UHVHDUFK undergraduate population to 19,500 So...how does this
institutions and the investment
growth happen?
full-time students by 2020.
plans of larger infrastructures.
The LRDP and its
The history of campus development is paralleled EIR are the product of Chancellor-appointed planning
by histories of resistance. There are those who have committees, the UC Regents, their environmental lawyers
struggled to defend the beauty and uniqueness of a and councils, and the occasional LRDP/EIR public hearing.
vulnerable habitat and the scarce resources of Santa Cruz After the council receives public comment, they revise the
County: students who have tried to stake out a space for (,5RVWHQVLEO\WRÀWWKHFRQFHUQVYRLFHGE\YDULRXVSDUWLHV
their educational aspirations; faculty and staff committed Their language, however, is vague and does not hold the
to their work but often undercut by the administration’s administration responsible to community concerns. There
priorities; Santa Cruz residents who have fought tireless are many instances within the EIR where, though it is noted
legal battles with the UC.
that the environment will be greatly affected in a given way,
mitigation will be pursued only “when feasible” (2005 EIR).

But wait, What is the LRDP?

The UCSC 2005 Long Range Development Plan-approved in September 2006 by the UC Regents--is the
prospective general plan for the physical expansion of the
UCSC campus to accommodate an increase in student
enrollment. The LRDP’s approval has paved the way for
the construction of 120 acres of previously undeveloped
(though certainly not undisturbed) land on upper campus;
85 acres of which will be impenetrable surface (aka.
concrete). Enrollment is expected to increase by 4,500
students, bringing UCSC’s undergraduate population to
19,500 full-time students by 2020. The stated goal of the
LRDP is to expand UCSC’s capacity for academic, research
and professional programs and increase graduate student
enrollment.

What form does growth take?

30

This is of great concern to us. Those in charge of
approving and directing expansion are not accountable in
the ways many people assume them to be. Despite the
hundreds of concerns expressed at EIR hearings, the
articles written in response to the LRDP planning process,
many of the concerns have not been confronted since 1999
and there’s no reason to believe they will be any time soon
(Meister’s Thesis, VIII). These concerns are serious and
identify Long Range expansion’s great political, ecological
DQGDFDGHPLFVLJQLÀFDQFHIRUWKHFRPPXQLWLHVLWDIIHFWV

Environmental Effects:
So, the LRDP and EIR do address environmental
impacts, but they are incomplete and non-binding. They
describe many of the catastrophes that will accompany
expansion, but leave out a great many more, and in no

The Environment

way hold the University accountable for dealing with
these effects. Let us start with the illusion of the “Green”
movement (see Environmentalism as Green Consumerism
article). The UC hopped on the “Green” band-wagon
in 2007 when they signed the “American College and
University Presidents Climate Commitments”. This requires
them to abide by the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED
“Silver Standard”; in turn, they qualify for state and local
government initiatives and marketing exposure so long as
they build “Green” (www.usgbc.org/leed). Also sitting atop
the “Green” band-wagon is the “UC Policy for Sustainable
Practices and the Climate Action Compact,” which contains
the “GHG (GreenHouse Gas) Reduction Plan” (www.epa.
gov/climatechange/emissions/index.html). The UC wears
WKHVH ´*UHHQµ FHUWLÀFDWLRQV DV D VKLQ\ *UHHQ %DGJH
of Courage, and the whole time, they are being paid for
by you and your steadily increasing student fees. These
FHUWLÀFDWLRQV DUH D ORW RI RIÀFLDO YDOLGDWLRQ IRU VRFDOOHG
sustainable growth, but they reek with contradictions.
First, the development over the huge diversity
of vegetation and animal species is a blatant, violation
of environmentally friendly construction. We would lose
a beautiful and valuable habitat with second growth
Redwoods, Douglas Firs, mixed Evergreens, Dwarf
Redwoods and Hardwoods. Many of these species are on
the decline, like the Calypso Orchid and the Doloff Cave
Spider in Porter Caves. Many more, like the Burrowing Owl
and Meadow Foam, are on the verge of extinction.
Second, as the population of Santa Cruz grows,

31

WKHUHZLOOEHPRUHYHKLFOHWULSVDQGKHDY\WUDIÀFRQDOUHDG\
dense streets. The CO2 emissions will be astronomical,
and will likely violate the 2009 California Environmental
Quality Act (http://ceres.ca.gov/ceqa/). The strain on Santa
Cruz water supply will also increase tremendously, as
some 530 MILLION gallons of water be needed annually to
support 19,500 students. Housing will not be sustainable or
affordable since landowners will take full advantage of the
high demand. In tandem with the proposed development,
we can expect overcrowding in homes and buses, noise
SROOXWLRQ DQG LQFUHDVHG FRPPXWHU WUDIÀF 7KH (,5 LWVHOI
points out that 13 intersections will likely fail by 2020 (2005
EIR). What about all this is so “Green”?

Academic Quality:
Expansion brings with it all sorts of changes, and
the campus has to adjust. But expansion happens fast at
UCSC, and the funds required to take on a larger student
population are not secured in advance. The overall result
of this is a shift in the fundamental nature of academic life.
Over decades of expansion, academics at UCSC have
FKDQJHGWRÀWDQHZPRGHORQHZKLFKOHDYHVEHKLQGWKH
priorities of UCSC’s founding vision. Today, this vision has
been replaced with the necessity of churning out graduates
and make way for ever-larger incoming classes.
As more students are added, the cost of educating
them actually increases--this has to do mostly with the
choice to divert resources from the maintenance of the
campus as a whole in order to use those resources for
expansion instead. In addition, “a campus’s average state

funding per student declines with growth, and declines
most sharply on the campuses that grow most rapidly.”
(Meister, Eleven Theses on Growth, p.1) In this model,
enrollment expands faster than educational infrastructure.
In the midst of the shortages which accompany
expansion, the administration looks for new sources to
fund (our) undergraduate education. This is part of why
we see increases in tuition on the order of 7 and 9 percent
each year. The UC’s own Planning and Budget report
argues that expansion increases tuition while decreasing
program and per-student funding. (See Sidebar A) It was
supposed to be free to attend UC! Now, who can and
FDQҋW DWWHQG LV ODUJHO\ FRQWUROOHG E\ WKH VLJQLÀFDQW FRVWV
of attendance and the depletion of resources available to
students as they try to work through their degrees. Tuition
KDVDGHÀQLWLYHHIIHFWRQZKDWLWPHDQVWREHDVWXGHQWDW
UCSC, who gets that privilege, and what purposes their
time here ends up serving. The overall effect of increasing
tuition is to displace the cost of education onto a private
PDUNHWZKLFKLQFUHDVLQJO\GHÀQHVWKHUROHRI8&6&LQRXU
lives and our society.

QUEER
UCSC
Our whole lives are shaped around the idea that
there are two genders. Men and women are supposed
to use separate bathrooms, shop in their assigned
departments, and act in different ways. Most people
spend their whole lives trying to live up the gender they’re
expected to. Companies make millions of dollars every
year off of products that are supposed to make us more
perfectly gendered.

The terms to describe sexuality straight/gay/bi/
lesbian are similarly restrictive because they are based
RQ WKH OLPLWLQJ GHÀQLWLRQV RI PDQZRPDQ DQG EHFDXVH
they don’t incorporate the other aspects that make up

$QGVWLOOZLWKDOOWKHVHVDFULÀFHVLQFUHDVLQJWXLWLRQ
is not enough to make up for the costs of expansion: TA- our sexuality, like how we engage in what kind of sex. In
student and Faculty-student ratios continue to decrease, response to the gay liberation movement of the 70s, the
depleting the very value of class-time. Marginalized LQVWLWXWLRQDO GHÀQLWLRQ RI ҊQRUPDOҋ H[SDQGHG VOLJKWO\ WR
programs are still cut each year (see The Budget Cuts allow some room for gay and lesbians to exist openly. But
article): students have fewer places to turn for academic RYHU WLPH WKLV KDV WDNHQ WKH VKDSH RI FRPPRGLÀFDWLRQ
support and fewer departments in which to build on their where gay and lesbian identities and people are exploited,
particular interests (an effect that is compounded by the tokenized, and fetishized. Gender and sexuality don’t
Competitiveness Initiative featured in Sidebar B). This all DOZD\VÀWLQWRWKHFDWHJRULHVWKDWDUHDYDLODEOHWRXVEXW
goes back to the type of expansion UCSC is pursuing. there still isn’t much space for people to exist outside of
The driving force behind UCSC academics becomes “the
gender binaries and homo/heterosexual.
need to graduate the increasing numbers of freshmen who
are already upon us while still preserving the possibility
‘Queer’ is an inclusive term that allows us to break
that a diminishing number of students can receive the kind RXWRIWUDGLWLRQDOGHÀQLWLRQVPDQZRPDQDQGVWUDLJKWJD\
of undergraduate education UC has traditionally promised WR GHVFULEH LQÀQLWH SRVVLELOLWLHV ZLWKLQ JHQGHU VH[XDOLW\
under the Master Plan.” (Meister, 7)
and sexual practices. The possibilities named by queer
The basics of this process are complex and are much wider than the labels gay, lesbian, bisexual,
GLIÀFXOWWRVRUWWKURXJKEXWWKHERWWRPOLQHIRUWKRVHRIXV and even trans, and intersex can encompass. When
interested in pursuing an open academic experience while \RX DGG D ÁH[LEOH RU XQFRQYHQWLRQDO JHQGHU LGHQWLW\
earning our degrees is clear: The struggle over expansion sexual orientation, and/or sexual practice to the mix the
is the struggle over our academic life here and the role our possibilities are endless. There are more genders than
University plays in our lives and in society as a whole.
two, more orientations than same/other and same/same,
and so many fun sexual practices that we can’t even think
References:
of them all. Gender and sexuality identities aren’t stable
‡OUGSUHVLVWDQFHRUJ
‡/5'32IÀFDO:HEVLWHOUGSXFVFHG
- they can change over time. It’s okay to not know what
‡/5'3(QYLURQPHQWDO,PSDFW5HSRUWOUGSXFVFHGX
you prefer, or to try something new. We just hope you can
ÀQDOHLUVKWPO
carve out a space to be the gender you dream of, have fun
‡6WUDWHJLF$FDGHPLF3ODQSODQQLQJXFVFHGXDFDGsex with the folks you’re attracted to instead of the ones
plan/docs/AcadPlan.Feb08.pdf
you’re expected to, and to join the still-desperate struggle
‡´7HUPVDQG&RQGLWLRQVµRQFDPSXVJURZWK
‡´(OHYHQ7KHVHVRQ*URZWKµ%RE0HLVWHU
for political, social, emotional, and psychic freedom for
‡2UGLQDQFHWR3URPRWH6XVWDLQDEOH*URZWKFLVDQWD queers and our allies.
cruz.ca.uc/cc/election
‡8&6&6LOLFRQ9DOOH\,QLWLDWLYHVVYLXFVFHGX
RESOURCES
‡%LR,QIR1DQR5HVHDUFKDQG'HYHORSPHQWELRLQIn 2003, the Princeton Review said that students
fonano.org
‡(QGDQJHUHG6SHFLHVDQG+DELWDWVRDWQH\FRPHQrated UCSC as the top public university for Gay Lesbian
GDQJHUHGBVSHFLHV
Bisexual Transgender Intersex (GLBTI) acceptance (okay,

32

Gender and Sexuality

they just called it “Gay Acceptance”). This might be true WKHRIÀFLDOKLVWRU\RITXHHUVWXGHQWVKHUHJRHVEDFNDWOHDVW
to an inaugural symposium in 1971. Even the university’s
chancellor in 2005, Denice Denton, was queer. So, it’d
seem that this is an absolutely fabulous place to be queer,
to become queer, and to sort out what “queer” means. Well,
we’re here to tell you that there is a lot of potential queer
fun awaiting your pleasure this year - but it’s still no walk
in the park to be out and fabulous at UCSC. There are a
bunch of good resources in this town, on and off campus,
and hey, you’re not that far a drive from San Francisco.
So in between making out with your roommate in your
‘single sex’ room, here are some places to check out:
The Lionel Cantu Gay Lesbian Bisexual
Transgender Intersex Resource Center is a sweet queer
space to escape the campus crowds. It’s up at Merrill,
open M-F, and has comfy chairs, a kitchen, good lighting,
and lots of printed and people resources. It’s a good
place to meet people, take a break, and feel gender safe.
The Resource Center aims to do education, advocacy,
and to provide a safe space for queer UCSC students.

addition, many colleges such as Porter and Merrill, have
/*%74,4ÁRRUVZKLFKVWXGHQWVPD\DSSO\WROLYHLQ
Queer Fashion Show (QFS) is an annual variety
show in the Porter dining hall which includes fashion,
music, spoken word, theater, and fabulousness to promote
acceptance of queer communities at UCSC, and bring up
important social issues facing the community. Originally
the ‘alternative fashion show,’ QFS has been a cornerstone
of the queer community for decades.
The Queer Student Union (QSU) is a studentled queer organizing group which uses resources from
WKH 6WXGHQW 8QLRQ $VVHPEO\ WR EHQHÀW WKH VWXGHQW ERG\
through speakers, events, and resources.
A Quick Guide to Preferred Gender Pronouns

Preferred Gender Pronouns (PGP) refers to one’s
VRFLDOUROHDVGHÀQHGE\VRFLDOH[SUHVVLRQVVXFKDVVSHHFK
dress, gestures, and actions. Gender is often presented in
binaries such as Man/ Woman; Boy/ Girl; Butch/ Femme;
Dom (dominant)/ Sub (submissive), etc... Whereas, sex is
in reference to biological distinction, which people often
use in the binary stating that the penis/testes makes you
male and the clitoris/ovaries makes you female. This
Downtown,there’s the Diversity Center- They do
sex binary is problematic because it doesn’t account for
Friday night movies, a queer youth task force, a senior
people born with undescended testicles, micro-penises,
task force, host Santa Cruz Pride every year, and offer a
enlarged clitorises, fused labia or any other
walk-in resource. They’re a good bet if you’re interested
difference that can occur during
in volunteering in a queer space in Santa Cruz, and worth
birth that complicates the sex
checking out especially if you want to get off campus and
binary.
So, when meeting
maybe help with the teen programming. Can’t let the old
VRPHRQH IRU WKH ÀUVW WLPH GR
fogies do it all! There’s also the SubRosa Anarchist Infosnot assume either their sex or
hop is a radical space downtown by the Saturn Cafe that
gender and instead ask them
KDVWKHFKHDSHVWFRIIHH\RXҋOOÀQGLQWRZQDQGKDV:RPHQ
their Preferred Gender Pronoun
and Trans Days as well as a radical lending library full of
(PGP), which is how someone
queer resources.
LGHQWLÀHVWKHPVHOYHV
Zami Co-op is an autonomous intentional living
He-Him-His (Male pronouns)
community with a focus on queer identities. It’s more than
a bit crusty, but a gem of communal radical queerness.
She-Her-Hers (Female
Pronouns)
Delta Lambda Psi is the country’s only gender
neutral ‘farority’ founded in 2005. This is for those who Ze-Hir-Hirs / Ey-Eir-Eirs
are looking for a non normative greek experience with a (Spivak/ Gender Nuetral
love for lady gaga and leopard print handcuffs. Meetings Pronouns)
are weekly Sunday nights at the Cantu Center.
Some people identify by their
Out in the Redwoods: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, name or “they.” While rare, a
Transgender History at UC Santa Cruz, 1965 - 2003 is a small number of individuals
fantastic written history of queer UCSC and Santa Cruz. identify by “it.” There are more
Written through a class in 2004, this resource can be found pronoun forms out there but it
at the McHenry library and Lionel Cantu Queer Resource is rare you’ll hear them and if
Center.
you do, just try to keep them in
mind and treat that person with
UCSC has a number of housing options for
respect.
VWXGHQWV ORRNLQJ IRU VSHFLÀFDOO\ TXHHU IULHQGO\ VSDFHV WR
live. Gender neutral housing is available at all colleges
that will pair roommates regardless of biological sex. In

33

I AM NOT A FEMINIST

Hugo Schwyzer, a male feminist and gender studies
professor at PCC (yes men can be feminists) said that
the goal of feminism is not to erase difference, but to
acknowledge and adapt to it.
“What’s the worst possible thing you can call a
woman? Don’t hold back, now. You’re probably
thinking of words like slut, whore, bitch, cunt, (I told
you not to hold back), skank. Okay, now, what are
the worst things you can call a guy? Fag, girl, bitch,
pussy. I’ve even heard the term “mangina.” Notice
anything? The worst thing you can call a girl is a
girl. The worst thing you can call a guy is a girl.
Being a woman is the ultimate insult. Now tell me
that’s not totally fucked up.” - Jessica Valenti “Full
Frontal Feminism”
While many universities offer women’s studies and
gender studies majors, UC Santa Cruz is the only school
that offers a Feminist Studies major. It goes beyond the
struggles of women and the politics of gender to touch
upon many other institutions such as homophobia, racism,
ableism, ageism, and classism, and seeks to understand
and change the underlying causes of these sources of
inequality.

Am I? I am not an angry, bra-burning, man hating
woman. I’m not angry, I’m simply frustrated at the state of
the world. I don’t burn my bra, because the bra isn’t the
the problem. I don’t hate men, because there are men who
join me in the struggle for gender equality. Maybe I am a
man, maybe I am transgender. I am a believer in equal pay
for equal work, LGBTQI rights, equal access to education,
ending discrimination, celebrating diversity, and equal
ULJKWVIRUDOO,DPGHÀQLQJDQHZIHPLQLVPIRUHYHU\RQH

The women’s movement has evolved. It has
transcended the realm of white, middle class, suburban
housewives in which it developed, and manifests itself in
various ways throughout the world. The movement has
changed because people have made it change. You too
have the ability to empower yourself and those around
\RX WR ÀJKW IRU HTXDOLW\ 9LVLW WKH :RPHQҋV &HQWHU QHDU
the base of campus, take a Feminist Studies class (Prof.
Bettina Aptheker is excellent), and keep talking to your
friends about equality of all kinds, and about the global
struggle for social justice going on whether you are part of
it or not.

In recent decades, the word feminism has been
JLYHQ D QHJDWLYH FRQQRWDWLRQ E\ SHRSOH ZKR EHQHÀW
from the institutions that are threatened by the feminist
movement. While there are feminists who are butch, hairy,
old, etc... (and there’s nothing wrong with that) those are
neither the norms nor the standard of feminism as I see it.
Feminism should be characterized by a belief that gender
HTXDOLW\DQGFLYLOULJKWVDUHZRUWKÀJKWLQJIRU,I\RXKROG
WKDWEHOLHI\RXDUHE\P\GHÀQLWLRQDIHPLQLVWZKHWKHURU
not you identify with the label.
Feminism is a social and political movement
centered on a belief in the ideal of social, economic, and
political equality of the sexes, taking into account the
inequities further imposed by gender, sexual orientation,
economic class, race, ability, age, and appearance. It is
about striving for equality. Not sameness, but equality.

34

Gender and Sexuality

Fertility
Cycles

days comes a series of “wet” days during which the body
SURGXFHV D FUHDP\ VXEVWDQFHÁXLG WKDW KHOSV VZLP WKH
sperm towards the egg, signaling:

OVULATION

To get an idea of when you are likely to be ovulating,
SD\DWWHQWLRQWRWKHPXFXVOLNHÁXLGUHOHDVHGE\WKHERG\
before, and usually during ovulation. It is usually white,
There is a vast growth of info out there about how creamy, or stringy (yum!). Check for this before peeing
to keep safe and healthy, but it takes good investigating GDLO\E\ZLSLQJGRZQZDUGVZLWKDÀQJHU \RXUVRUVRPHRQH
DQGWKRURXJKFDUHWRDWWHQGWRWKHVSHFLÀFVRI\RXUERG\ else’s!) to get a good idea of whats been brewing. Noting
which is living and sharing with others. This page contains WKH FRQVLVWHQF\ DQG FRORU LV LPSRUWDQWDURXVDO ÁXLG FDQ
info about female-bodied fertility, and contains a helpful list cause the same wet feeling, but it is less viscous and
usually clear. Sperm* can also be confused with ovulation
of resources to check out.
ÁXLG EHFDXVH WKH\ DUH ERWK ZKLWH DQG FUHDP\ 3D\LQJ
attention to both substances will
The info displayed here is meant to dispel myths about
make the differences clear.
the female-bodied cycle as dirty, abnormal, or taboo. Our
bodies are beautiful and strong, and this information is
Ovulation happens anywhere
meant to highlight the power of female-bodies, dispelling
from
12-16
days before bleeding
systems of patriarchy that reinforce these taboo feelings.
reoccurs. The last “wet” day is the
USUAL day of ovulation. While the
LUNACY
eggs only live for one to two days,
sperm can live for up to SEVEN
“Who knows how to heal, knows how
DAYS
if they are being kept warm
to destroy” -a woman’s testimony
inside
the body, meaning most
before the inquisition, 1499
pregnancies start in the wide window
BEFORE
and AFTER ovulation. On
The uterus and period cycle is
the
FOURTH
night AFTER the last “wet”
something that is often side-lined as
day,
there
is
little
to no risk of pregnancy,
offensive or gross. Historical evidence of
and
this
remains
true
up until the cycle starts
this: the New-England witch hunts; modern
up
again.
Menstruation
can sometimes hide
day evidence: anti-abortion rallies outside
RYXODWRU\
ÁXLG
PHDQLQJ
\RX
FDQ RYXODWH DQG
clinics.
bleed at the same time, so when the cycle starts
again, a pregnancy can start.
7KHIROORZLQJDLPVWREULHÁ\UHFDSWKHPHQVWUXDO
cycle and fertility patterns. This info is not just for the femalebodied; bodies aren’t quite that binary, so if you’ve got Remember:
eyes and other parts, GET INFORMED! There will always
Ovulation can be triggered early or late, depending on
be someone in your life that can use this information.
circumstance.
Cycles are most notably altered because
Communication is the expression of reality, and by talking
of
stress,
which
signals to the body that it is not a good
we can make a world that we can REALLY rock out in.
time to get pregnant because of harsh circumstance,
It is important to keep track of your changing body and menstruation along with ovulation decrease. This
and be in tune with certain aspects of your cycle that may indicates the body’s needs are not being met. If you are
seem out-of-whack or confusing. The more aware you are taking birth control, this pattern is altered according to your
of your body’s patterns, the more informed your decisions prescription.
will be about, for example, whether or not to drop mad
cash on the morning after pill, or whether you want to RESOURCES
investigate the ALTERNATIVES. Keeping track of the
-Herbal Abortion: The Fruit of the Tree of Knowledge by
cycle for a few months can blossom an awareness on how
Uni M Taimat
to plan/schedule and deal with day to day life. Keeping an
-DIY Guide II
eye out for the moon is an easy way to do this, because
-Walnut Avenue Women’s Center: 175 Walnut Ave Santa
the human body and the moon link up pretty well.
Cruz, CA 95060; #(831) 426-3062
3ODQQHG3DUHQWKRRG3DFLÀF$YH6DQWD&UX]&$
        7KH PDQVH F\FOH VWDUWV WKH ÀUVW GD\ RI EOHHGLQJ
95060 # (831) 425-1551
which can last anywhere from a couple of days to a week.
-Search FreeSkool Calanders for Related classes and
When bleeding stops, there are a series of “dry” days.
Subrosa for written info
These days may feel damp, if you’re in a loving mood, but
the dampness is usually clear and runny. After these “dry”

35

A Streetcar
Named Consent
by Sophia Sola

What is the best thing about going to college?
Hooking up! That is, when it’s a mutually positive experience
for both parties. Put that junk back in your trunks for just
a minute. Unfortunately, most of us are subject to the
prevailing sexual habits of our culture, and the results
aren’t always pretty. Our habits can lead us to mindlessly
pressure others into sexual relations they don’t want to
have. Alternately, our conditioning can make us vulnerable
to unwanted sexual pressure. Most people don’t want to,
or mean to, pressure another person into unwanted sexual
relations, yet it happen all the time. You can prevent sexual
boundary transgressions and sexual assault (and promote
happy, healthy “be-bopping” instead) by taking a critical
look at your own habits, and then adventuring to the
delicious, harmonious land of sexual consent.
Our habits are not all simple, but some of them can
be named. First, we have gendered habits. We’ve all been
raised in a patriarchal world, one in which women and men
are supposed to be clearly distinguishable categories, and
in which women are to be submissive and men are to
show their power in order to be accepted as “normal.” We
form habits that uphold these norms, and we play them out
every day, often without even noticing.

VSHDN  D GHÀQLWLYH DQG UHVRXQGLQJ ´\HVµ 2EYLRXVO\ DOO
involved parties must consent to any action.
Consent isn’t simple. But it will achieve one or more of the
following:
‡NHHSGHSUHVVLQJQHJDWLYHVH[XDOHQFRXQWHUVDWED\
‡SUHYHQWUDSHDQGVH[XDODVVDXOW
‡VKRZWKDW\RXFDUHDERXWWKHIHHOLQJVDQGSHUVRQKRRG
of your partner/lover
‡SURYLGH\RXZLWKDQHIIHFWLYHZD\WRÀJKWWKHV\VWHP
‡PDNH\RXEHWWHULQWKHVDFN

Tools and Tips for Catching the Consent Train
By now, you are probably bursting with questions.
What about a body-language “yes”? If I have to ask for
consent several times in order to get a “yes,” is that okay?
What if I hurt someone’s feelings? What if I can’t even say
the word “boob” out loud without blushing? What if I’ve
overstepped someone’s physical boundaries before? Will
being sensitive to others make me less hot or studly?
Not all of your questions can be answered in this
article. But we can provide you with four essential tools of
consent, as well as some tips for making consent more fun
and less daunting.
Tool 1. ASKING

Always, always ask before making a move.
Whether you’d like to put your arm around someone’s
shoulder, give her a goodnight kiss or go down on her, ask
Second, clear and honest communication isn’t ÀUVW:KHWKHULWLV\RXUÀUVWWLPHZLWKKLPRU\RXKDYHGRQH
taught to us as kids. Straightforward communication can LWWRJHWKHUDKDOIGR]HQWLPHVEHIRUHDVNÀUVW:KHWKHU]H
feel uncomfortable, and being sensitive can disrupt our LVDFWLQJVHGXFWLYHRUVZHHWO\WLPLGDVNÀUVW:KHWKHUVKH
FRQÀGHQFH ,QVWHDG ZH DFW ZLWKRXW DVNLQJ :H PDNH invited you to her house or you rode her to your campsite
assumptions in order to avoid awkwardness or rejection.
RQDWDQGHPDVNÀUVW:KHWKHU\RXDUHLQORYHRUQRWDVN
ÀUVW
There are also other reasons we might pressure
someone to have non-consensual relations with us,
Ask in words, not with a questioning hand, a raised
misread another’s words or actions, or be reluctant to eyebrow or a special romantic moon-powered psychic
say “no.” But there’s no reason we can’t work to end this connection. Ask in a way that leaves room for “no.” Ask
fucked-up cycle. Bringing consent – mutual agreement, open-ended questions. Ask before every move you make.
mutual desire – into the picture again will not only keep Some good ways to ask:
sexual assault and rape out of the picture, it will let the
SRVLWLYHORYHYLEHVUHDOO\ÁRZ
“What would you like to do?”
“Would you like to make out more or stop for now?”
So, what exactly is consent, that blessed key to
“What is your ideal goodbye at the end of a date?”
empowerment and vanquisher of assholeness? In this
“How far do you want to go right now?”
case, consent isn’t legalese terminology, and it isn’t a
“Do you want me to…?”
IRUPWKDW\RXUSDUHQWVVLJQVRWKDW\RXFDQJRRQDÀHOG
Okay ways to ask:
trip. Consent is when a person freely proclaims wanting
“May I…?”
to engage in certain emotional or physical relations with
“Is it okay to…?”
someone else. That the person “freely” agrees means no
A bad way to ask:
coercion or pressure was used on them. That the person
“I want to nibble your ear, okay?”
agrees to “certain” relations means that consent should be
a part of each new level of intimacy – asking once is never Tool 2. LISTENING
enough. The word “proclaims” should also be deciphered:
any old “okay” to any old question doesn’t mean that a
Your sweetheart cannot read your mind. He simply
person consents. Consent means you must hear (and can’t. And you can’t read his. When you try, you are in

36

Gender and Sexuality

danger of hearing only your own desires echoing hollowly
off of him. Listen to his words, not what you hope he will
say. And be prepared to hear “no.” Until you really get to
know a person’s likes and dislikes, you may hear a lot of
“no”s. You’ll probably hear plenty of “no”s even after years
of dating. For example, my lover boy and I have been
together for three years, and:
Sophia: Lover Boy, do you want me to rub your ass with
my slippery, sweaty foot? It just came out of a clipless
cycling shoe.
Lover Boy: No thanks. I’d prefer to cuddle.
Sophia: Okay. I’m a little embarrassed for suggesting
such a thing.
LB: I still think you’re cool.
More about listening: “No” means no, but so
do other things, so pay attention. If your date is saying
“Maybe,” “I guess,” “But we’ve been drinking,” “I’m thinking
about it,” “Later would be nice,” or anything except an
adamant “YES!” then it means no. If you ask several times,
and badger a yes out of her, it doesn’t count. This is a very
important point, and bears repeating. “YES!” means yes.
Everything else means no.
Why be so negative? Why does “Okay, um… sure,”
have to count as a no? First, because it can feel impossible
to give a cold, hard “no,” especially for people socialized
as female. Second, because you don’t want to accidentally
hurt someone you have a crush on by mistaking ze’s
words. Don’t get apprehensive. Your crush will say “YES!”
when ze actually wants to do stuff.
Tool 3. CHECKING IN WITH THE OTHER PERSON
Checking in begins with talking about what each of
you wants or doesn’t want from your romantic encounter.
It can also include letting the other person know that
you have assaulted someone in the past, or that you are
an assault survivor. Checking in creates a time to say if
you’re feeling awkward, wary, sad, joyous, expectant or
VHQVLWLYH&KHFNLQVEROVWHUFRQÀGHQFHGHÀQHERXQGDULHV
and prevent embarrassment. When someone is checking
in with you, take all of his concerns seriously, even if they
sound absurd to you.
Tool 4. CHECKING IN WITH YOURSELF
Take moments here and there to check in with
yourself. Are you sober? Is she sober? Are you feeling
safe? You are really asking consent? Are you saying one
thing and meaning another? If you remember to check in
ZLWK \RXUVHOI \RX DUH PXFK PRUH OLNHO\ WR ÀQG \RXUVHOI
happy and healthy in the morning.
Now that you know the basics, here are some ways
to make the consent ride a little smoother.
Tip 1. Body language: Body language can augment

37

(though not replace) your use of verbal consent. Body
language can let you know when someone is feeling
XQFRPIRUWDEOH RU ÁLUWDWLRXV$Q DPELJXRXV YHUEDO UHSO\
along with positive body language does not equal yes.
Tip 2. Humor: Making things funny always makes them
less awkward. Making fun of your awkwardness also
releases tension. Remember that awkwardness will
pass, but the warm fuzziness of consent will stay.
Tip 3. Code: If you have been seeing someone regularly,
try making up a code that make talking about your
sexuality easier for you. For example, if you don’t want
to say, “I am comfortable with prolonged, protected
cunnilingus tonight, but not penile penetration,” make up
code words: “I’m into going to sixth base with you tonight,
with my coffee pot covered, extra sprinkles, vegetarian!”
Or even: “Level three sounds good.”
7LS7DONÀUVW&KHFNLQJLQEHIRUH\RXDUH´LQWKHKHDWRI
the moment” to get to know one another’s communication
styles, preferences and boundaries will streamline your
sexual experience.
Tip 5. Tough topics: It may seem challenging to bring up
consent and your personal assault history. Creativity and
transitional phrases can help. For example, you might
say, “So, I was reading the Disorientation Guide the
other day, and….” or “Before we eat more curry, I need
to share a personal story….”
Tip 6. State your boundaries: If you are feeling bold
enough, let your crush know what your boundaries are
before they need to ask. Along with letting him know
what you don’t want to do, let him know what you would
be into doing. Setting boundaries doesn’t just mean
showing your sweetie where the gate closes, it also
means showing her where it opens.
Tip 7. Establish rules: Setting up rules with a long-term
lover is practical and still consensual, though the original
tools of consent should remain an active part of your
relationship. For example:
LB: I love back massages. You never have to ask me
about them again. You can massage my back any time.
Sophia: Okay. Fun!
Time passes and so do many massages. One day,
Sophia walks up to Lover Boy and begins a back
massage…
LB, twitching: Ow, that hurts today.
Sophia: I understand. Just let me know if you ever want
a massage again.

The Trainwreck, Part 1: Screwing Up
It’s likely that you have at some point transgressed
someone else’s boundaries, whether or not you were

called out on your actions. When this happens, it’s a time
IRUUHÁHFWLRQLQWURVSHFWLRQDQGDVNLQJIRUKHOS,WҋVDWLPH
to apologize to the person you had that interaction with.
It’s a time to see if there’s anything you can do to make
up for your actions. It’s a time to listen to others. Don’t get
defensive. Don’t get angry. Don’t pity yourself. Listen to
advice and requests from others, and try to accommodate
them as best you can.
If your transgression (your screw-up) was more
serious, and you are called out on your actions, you will
likely be named a “perpetrator” of sexual assault or rape.
You may be asked to make amends, do internal work on
yourself, or to go through an “accountability process.” You
may be asked to avoid leadership roles for a while, or to
stay away from certain people or places. This can seem
harsh, but try to learn from what happened, and know that
many people will want to help you though this tough time.
Also, remember that the reason you have been called
out is because, out of your ignorance, power issues or
carelessness, you hurt someone badly.
There are as many different outcomes to an incident
of assault as there are perpetrators. Some perpetrators
run away from the situation, only to be haunted by it for
years. Other perpetrators work hard to make amends, and
VXFFHHG6RPHSHRSOHZLOOÀQGDQDFFRXQWDELOLW\SURFHVV
WREHHQGOHVVO\GLIÀFXOWZKLOHRWKHUVZLOOÀQGLWDQLPSRUWDQW
WLPHIRUVHOIUHÁHFWLRQ3HUKDSVWKHEHVWSRVVLEOHRXWFRPH
is when a perpetrator is able to make amends, transform
engrained habits and attitudes, and become an outspoken
educator on sexual assault and consent.

The Trainwreck, Part 2:
If Your Boundaries Are Crossed
If your boundaries are crossed, remember that it
was not your fault. There is nothing you should have, or
could have, said or done differently to prevent this. You
did not “lead them on.” The actions of the perpetrator
are the perpetrator’s responsibility alone. Though you
might feel trapped, you do have many options. You can
seek the advice of friends. You can have friends talk to
the perpetrator about the assault. You can openly call the
perpetrator out on the assault. You can seek professional
help. Remember that you have the right to be listened to,
and you have the right to make requests of the perpetrator.
Whether or not you have friends to support you, there are
resources you can turn to for help (see “Resources” box).
If someone else approaches you because her boundaries
have been crossed, listen to her story and take her word
for it. You are not the person to decide if the assault needs
to become public, that’s up to the survivor. Whether the
survivor needs time, protection or action, be there to give
him unconditional support.

“The Spirit of Consent”
Is Not Just a Boat in the Santa Cruz Harbor
When you practice consent, you learn quickly who
you make sparks with and who you should just be friends

38

with. Consent makes sex better, whether it is casual or
devoted. There are a million reasons to practice consent.
But you need to believe in the importance of consent, and
act in the spirit of consent, to make it work. You must pay
more than lip service to consent: internalize it, live by it,
ask, listen and check in. And try your damndest not to
cross any boundaries. Have fun at college, get ready to
meet some special people, and remember that the only
true lovin’ is consensual lovin’.
Sophia Sola enjoys erotic check-ins and playing
the melodica. She believes that when the whole world
practices consent, Moshiach will come. Or utopia or
whatever.
The Movie Consent Game
Next time you are watching a movie with your friends,
keep tabs on the characters’ consent practices. Take
a swig of kombucha each time you catch one of the
characters acting nonconsensually, and talk about what
the characters could have done better.
Variation for lovers: Re-enact the movie scene but with
good consent practices….
Resources:
This list is incomplete. For example, it includes no
ERRNV,WWDNHVRQO\PRPHQWVRIGLJJLQJWRÀQGKHDSVRI
information on consent and related topics.
Local Groups
‡&RQVHQVXDO/LEHUDWLRQWKURXJK,QWLPDWH7DFWLFV &/,7 
Collective: Based out of Santa Cruz, the CLIT Collective
is a group that has come together to open dialog about
sexual/intimate violence. Members are radical activists
working to engage in grassroots and community-based
action and response to sexual and intimate violence.
Visit www.MySpace.com/ClitCollective.
‡:RPHQҋV&ULVLV6XSSRUW²'HIHQVDGH0XMHUHV/DWLQD
based sexual assault and domestic violence center.
Phone: 831-425-4030, 24-Hour Crisis Line: 831-6853737.
‡8&6&5DSH3UHYHQWLRQ(GXFDWLRQ7KHFHQWHUFORVHG
this year. The old website is here: www2.UCSC.edu/
rape-prevention.
Myriad Accountability, Consent & Survivor Support Zines
‡ZZZ'RULV'RULV'RULVFRP]LQHVKWPO
‡ZZZ3KLOO\V3LVVVHGQHW
‡=LQH/LEUDU\LQIR(QJOLVKLQWHUSHUVRQDO
Stimulating Writings
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‡ZZZ)UXLWLRQ'HVLJQFRPGHDOZLWKLWZLVS\SKS
‡ZZZ%H\RQG,QWUDFWDELOLW\RUJDFWLRQDUWLFOHVMVS
‡ZZZ,QFLWH1DWLRQDORUJ
‡ZZZ;<2QOLQHQHW

Gender and Sexuality

OCCUPY
EVERYTHING
on building occupations

In the fall of 2009, we faced sizable impending
budget cuts and tuition increases, that we, as students,
faculty, and workers, feared with good reason, wouldn’t
stop unless we stopped it. It was during this period when
students at UC Santa Cruz resurrected an old organizing
tactic that hadn’t been employed in American universities
on a wide scale for some time – the occupation. It was
an overnight hit – the media buzzed, but more importantly
students from across the state, and the world, cheered on
and emulated UCSC students. A building occupation –
taking over buildings and spaces with a group of students,
as in the case of Kerr Hall here – is used to achieve
strategic goals: ranging from concessions from the
university in negotiations, to the recovery and “liberation”
of an organizing space for further political mobilization. At
its most radical, some sabotage of spaces may inevitably
occur in order to perform essential services.

support outside—because tactically, those on the outside
FDQPDNHLWHVSHFLDOO\GLIÀFXOWIRUSROLFHWRJDLQHQWU\LQWR
the building.
These two methods are not exactly mutually
exclusive. In fact, the method that was utilized during the
Kerr Hall Administrative Building occupation at UCSC
was a combination of both types—where a movement of
students made it possible. All entryways, windows, etc.,
were barricaded with the exception of the front door,
ZKLFKDOORZHGIRUDQRQJRLQJÁRZRIERGLHVDQGHVVHQWLDO
materials. Further, the front doors, while not enclosed, were
SUHSDUHGIRUEDUULFDGLQJDWWKHÀUVWZKLIIRIDSUREOHP

Most important to the occupation is not the
occupation itself, but its placement in an overall strategy. A
building occupation is as good as its overall planning, both
the planning that goes into its execution, and the planning of
what to do after there is a successful takeover. One cardinal
failure of the Kerr Hall occupation of 2009 was that it never
thought of itself outside of the Kerr Hall building itself.
Hundreds and hundreds of people came at various times,
spent the night, provided materials, support, barricaded
themselves outside, served as lookouts, sabotaged cop
routes, etc. But instead of looking to expand, to continue
facilitating an ongoing campus takeover, it was decided to
wait and hold the space hostage. The sad fact is that this
is an unsustainable practice; much like an polar version of
the multinational corporation, which must expand or die, we

7KHRFFXSDWLRQLWVHOILVDOLWWOHGLIÀFXOWWRGHVFULEH
too must continue to expand, take over, end business as
It’s an often joyful, intense experience where adrenaline
usual, and continue to build a broad-based anti-austerity
courses through your body, as you begin to feel, for
movement.
SHUKDSVWKHÀUVWWLPHLQ\RXUOLIHZKDWDFRPPXQLW\FDQ
UHDOO\EH6RPDQ\ERGLHVÁRZLQDQGRXWWKURXJKWKHVH
Occupations are acts of disobedience. We
spaces, some collide and form new groups, separate and discovered that creating new friendships and solidarity
start over again. At its best, its more fun and satisfying across difference requires installing a new social landscape
than anything else college has on offer.
on the University campus. We used our bodies -- the force
of our collective physical presence in a space -- as a
There are nominally two types of occupations.
barrier to protect this new social landscape from a hostile
“Soft” occupations seek to keep doors open in a literal sort
outside world. The administration labeled these attempts
of way, as windows and doors are left without barricades.
to open spaces to new relational modes as “violent.” They
7KLV W\SH RI WDNHRYHU DVVXPHV VRPH VXIÀFLHQW SROLWLFDO
criminalized our friendships. Accordingly, the police were
power or movement, meaning you think you can hold onto
called upon to separate us from one another. If our arms or
the space by sheer popular support. This is an excellent
hands were linked, they tore us apart. If we stood in a cluster,
method if there are large numbers of people involved, as
they broke us up into isolated units. If we made collective
it allows for new people to come and join the occupation
decisions, the administration blamed and disciplined a few
who might be excited at the prospect of something actually
individuals. Where coercion did not work, they attacked
KDSSHQLQJ,QVXIÀFLHQWSROLWLFDOSRZHUKRZHYHUZLOOPRVW
our bodies with pepper spray, billy clubs and brute force.
certainly result in a situation where the police will come
It is deeply symptomatic of the society in which we live
with the intent to arrest as many people as possible. The
that the security of physical property counts for more than
only offshoot of this is, of course, when there is something
the vibrancy and happiness of human life. Occupations
else that can be levied against those who might call the
exposed these fucked up priorities. They taught us that
cops, typically a threat of intensive property destruction.
global structures of capitalism can be contested in the
The second type, a “hard” occupation, seeks to here and now with a small group of committed individuals
PDNHLWDVGLIÀFXOWDVSRVVLEOHIRUWKHDXWKRULWLHVWRHQWHU deciding that inaction is no longer an option.
the premises. This is done through the usage of c-clamps,
truck ties (both are inexpensive and can be found at your Read more:
occupyCA - the blog that started it all. Read the DIY
local hardware store), and an imaginative utilization of
occupation guide and A Communique from an Absent Future
movable furniture in the building itself. The idea here being
(http://occupyca.wordpress.com/propaganda/)
to garner support on the outside, while those inside locking
the building down create a space for a demonstration to
come. It’s important in this circumstance to always plan for

39

How to Build a

STRIKE!

We understood that if we were to remain true to the
statewide call for strikes and protests on March 4, we would
have to agitate among students and workers on campus
on a much larger scale than before. We had progressed
past the stage where small, militant actions could inspire
people--we needed to go out and organize people.

Part of our preparation was political, theoretical
and educational. We organized a series of study groups
called “How to Win a Strike,” in which we read about and
Well over 1,000 students participated actively in a
discussed mass struggles like the Minneapolis Teamster
successful student strike on March 4th, 2010 as part of a
Rebellion of 1934 and the Oaxaca teachers’ strike of 2006.
nationwide day of action in defense of public education.
Socialists from different political traditions, anarchists and
UC Santa Cruz was the only campus that shut down
XQDIÀOLDWHGUDGLFDOVFDPHWRJHWKHULQWKHVHVWXG\JURXSV
FRPSOHWHO\ DQG LW ZDV WKH ÀUVW WLPH WKDW D VWXGHQW VWULNH
to assess and learn from past struggles.
closed UCSC for the entire day. The experience and
lessons of the strike are a vital part of activist history at
We were also fortunate to stand on the shoulders
UCSC and provide an example of how a successful mass of a strong organizing tradition at UCSC. In particular, we
action can be built on campus.
took the April 2005 strike by campus workers in AFSCME
as a major source of inspiration. In the lead up to that
A small group of people started planning for March
action, the Student Worker Coalition for Justice spent
4th immediately following protests in November when the
weeks talking to students about the strike and building
UC Regents pushed through a 32 percent fee hike for next
support through a strike pledge campaign. These activists
year.
successfully mobilized hundreds of students to join the
We had all participated in the militant and inspiring picket lines--we decided to adopt a similar model.
occupations from November 18-22th at UCSC, when
The March 4th Strike Committee emerged initially
hundreds of students occupied and held two campus
from the UCSC General Assembly in December and
buildings for several days. But we emerged from those
VWDUWHGPHHWLQJUHJXODUO\LQHDUO\-DQXDU\7KHÀUVWFRXSOH
actions with a sense that the protesters remained
of meetings attracted only a dozen or so people, but the
somewhat isolated from the wider body of students, faculty
group maintained its commitment to building through an
and campus workers, and that we had a lot of work to do
open and democratic approach. Every meeting of the
if we were going to bring more people into the movement
Strike Committee was advertised publicly. We discussed
for March 4th .
and adopted a method of voting and decision-making
that allowed for maximum possible input and participation
from everyone involved. By late February,
between 50 and 70 people regularly
attended committee meetings.
The Strike Committee built
relationships with campus
unions. From the beginning,
members and staff from
American Federation of
Teachers
(AFT)
Local
2199, which represents
lecturers and librarians on
campus, and United Auto
Workers (UAW) Local 2865,
which represents graduate
student teaching assistants,
actively participated in the
Committee.
In
turn,
representatives
of
the
Strike Committee attended
meetings of University Labor

40

Organizing

United, the coalition of campus unions. We distributed
thousands of copies of an open letter to campus workers
explaining our goals for March 4th. Without the solidarity of
the AFT, UAW, AFSCME, Coalition of University Employees,
University Professional and Technical Employees, and
the Faculty Association, our strike would not have been
possible.

Throughout the day, nothing moved on campus
without our permission. We had devised a system of
passes so that Health Center staff could get to work, and
parents of young children could get to and from Family
Student and Faculty Housing. As a result, many families
showed up on the picket lines to show their support later in
the day.

The Strike Committee also reached out to student
organizations. We approached the student government
early on and persuaded it to pass a resolution in support
of March 4th. The student government eventually donated
money to support the action.

Picket captains were vital to our success on March
4th. The Strike Committee had chosen people for these
positions in advance--they had the authority from the
committee to coordinate the picket lines and keep the
campus closed. They played a crucial role in the earlymorning game of cat and mouse with the administration
in which emergency vehicles were being used to force
openings in the line for cars to pass through. Pre-selected
media contacts and legal observers also played an
essential role in ensuring the day went well.

Members of the Strike Committee also mobilized in
solidarity with African American students during the “Real
Pain, Real Action” protests against racist incidents at UC
San Diego--and attended a teach-in on the Dream Act
put together by immigrant rights activists on campus. A
working group of the Strike Committee organized a wellattended “Solidarity Forum” to discuss issues of race and
racism on campus.
In order to build these relationships, it was vital for
the Strike Committee to have a clear political message
for March 4th. Many students still believed that blame for
the cuts lay squarely on the California state government,
and that we should focus our efforts only in Sacramento-or they believed that militant action wouldn’t work. The
Strike Committee adopted demands that focused on both
Sacramento and the university administration--and used
them as the basis for successfully convincing thousands
of people that the strike was worthwhile.
By far the most important aspect of outreach for
March 4th was a strike pledge campaign. For six weeks
leading up to the strike, members of the Strike Committee
went out all day, every day, and asked students to sign
on to a pledge in support of the action. This gave us the
opportunity to convince people that a strike would be
possible, necessary and effective. By the eve of March
4th, we had collected around 2,000 signatures on the
strike pledge and had talked to thousands more students
about the plan for the day. We started to get a sense that
this was going to be one of the biggest protests in UCSC’s
recent history.

In keeping with its traditional modus operandi,
the UCSC campus administration tried to vilify student
protesters by any means necessary. Early on the morning
of March 4th, Executive Vice Chancellor Dave Kliger
sent out a message to the campus, accusing picketers of
violence and claiming that we were armed with “clubs and
knives.” He was referring to a couple of incidents in which
irate drivers attempted to force their cars through the ranks
of peaceful picketers, resulting in minor injuries to student
protesters and a few broken windshields. The incidents
were minor and the reports of weapons were completely
false, designed to slander the movement and attempt,
unsuccessfully, to scare students away from the action.
In fact, because we had done such broad outreach
before March 4th, very few people tried to cross the picket
lines, and thus the mood was overwhelmingly celebratory
UDWKHUWKDQFRQIURQWDWLRQDO/RFDOPHGLDFRYHUDJHUHÁHFWHG
this, even if some national outlets merely echoed the
UCSC administration’s line, rather than investigating the
real story. Overall the day was a success, and although
the privatization of the University has continued real gains
were made through the strike which are worth elaborating.

The March 4th Strike Committee and March 4th
succeeded in politicizing and training whole new layers
of student activists who have continued to organize
against privatization and austerity. It equipped hundreds,
The strike itself was a tremendously welleven thousands of students with an experience of mass
coordinated operation. We had received word that the
political action which will provide a reference for those
administration would attempt to smuggle workers onto
ZKRZLOOJRRQWRÀJKWQHZVWUXJJOHVLQWKHLUFRPPXQLWLHV
campus as early as 5 a.m. Before dawn on March 4th,
and workplaces. It helped inspire students, workers and
hundreds of strikers were already blocking the entrances
radicals around the country, and sent a clear message
to campus. As the administration tried to sneak the
that the potential exists for mass student action in the US
ZRUNHUVSDVWDFURVVÀHOGVDQGDORQJGLUWURDGVZHXVHG
against austerity measures.
FHOO SKRQHV WR FRRUGLQDWH VTXDGV RI Á\LQJ SLFNHWV DQG
successfully prevented their entrance. Workers themselves
were incredibly sympathetic to our cause, and not overly
enthusiastic about trying to cross the picket lines!

41

Two Perspectives on (Non)Violence
Please understand that this subject is complicated and contentious, and to fully appreciate the nuances of
these perspectives might take some patience. Thanks for taking the time to read this; you’re beautiful!

Thoughts on
Violence
While at UCSC, you’re going to hear a lot about
nonviolent activism. Violence in radical social movements
LV D SRLQW RI PXFK FRQWHQWLRQ DQG FDQ EH MXVWLÀHG LQ
some contexts on the grounds of self-defense. Some
social movements of the past and of the present (you may
have heard of the Black Panthers, the EZLN, the ongoing
revolutions in North Africa and the Middle East) present
solid arguments for armed struggle. As UCSC students
and activists, we don’t face the degree of state repression
experienced by the above groups. This isn’t to say that
student-led acts of peaceful resistance never lead to
encounters with the police. When an on-campus protest
escalates into an act of resistance that genuinely threatens
the undemocratic functioning of the University (the strikes
and building occupations that swept through the UC during
the last two years are a few examples), one can be
relatively certain that university administrators
will summon people with guns and riot
gear to put an end to the unrest. Who’s
really being violent in this situation?
Fortunately, we’re going
to school in a time and place
where police violence against
visibly nonviolent students tends
to be publicized in a relatively
sympathetic way. Any retaliation
by any person without a badge,
however, generally results in news
stories blaming students for the
HQWLUHFRQÁLFW$Q\VXEVWDQWLDO
student movement that resurfaces at
8&6&LQWKHQHDUIXWXUHPLJKWEHQHÀW
most, in terms of favorable public
opinion, from adherence to non-violent
WDFWLFVDQGVWUDWHJLHV2XUÀJKWIRU
democracy and autonomy in the UC
continues, and the campaign will only
be won with well articulated demands,
large-scale acts of civil disobedience,
and extensive media coverage directed
toward California voting public.

42

The Problems with
Non-Violence
a user’s manual

It is strategic to abandon the hegemonic, dogmatic
program of nonviolence. Nonviolence serves the state’s
effort to protect capitalist interests. We argue, tactically
and experientially, for a departure from strict, unquestioned
adherence to nonviolent forms of social dissidence. We
warn you now: this is not a philosophical discussion. There
is an urgency that surpasses our privileged abilities to
muse about being peaceful, man. We are at class war, and
must proceed accordingly. We hope that we can dance,
drink and/or smoke and/or drink tea and eat cookies
together whilst we discuss nonviolence; (booze, weed,
tea) it’s your choice, and you have the privilege to make
these kinds of choices. We ask you to think about how
\RXZLOOGHPDQGMXVWLFH:HDUJXHWKHSRSXODUGHÀQLWLRQRI
YLROHQFHLVÁDZHGDQGWKLVGHÀQLWLRQLVHPSOR\HG
to invalidate the people’s demands
for a just society, the state should
not have the monopoly on
violence and inasmuch the
threat of insurrection must
always be on the table, and
ÀQDOO\ZHPXVWFRQVLGHULGHDV
about what constitutes
“appropriate” forms of
protest in light of state
FRQWURO RI GHÀQLWLRQV
media interpretations
and the enactment
of violence. Issues
raised here are not
exhaustive
but
are related to our
experiences.
Problem
7KHGHÀQLWLRQ
of violence. The
term is misused
(continues next page)

Organizing

by mainstream media and political elite to describe
destructive actions against property. We explicitly
reject that destruction of property is violence. Indeed,
we maintain that property itself is violent: what it takes
to make it, get it and keep it often includes threats to
bodies. Although a relationship exists between violence
on humans and the destruction,
alteration, or theft of property,
the distinction is ignored
to sensationalize
a news
story, or to
delegitimize
movements
working for a
just world. Bodies
and livelihoods are
threatened and in
reaction, property gets
damaged or appropriated.
The police state does not
intend to protect people. We stood in
Oakland at a demonstration against
the BART killing of Oscar Grant, facing
thousands of police in riot gear holding
large guns. The intent was apparent: to
protect things, not people. If care for the
people were even a minimal goal of the
police state, perhaps more effort would
be put into NOT BEATING or KILLING
unarmed people of color on the BART
LQWKHÀUVWSODFH5HFHQWULRWVLQ/RQGRQ
were also a reaction to the disciplining
(killing) of mostly brown unarmed bodies
and the context of racism, poverty and
joblessness of the UK’s underclass.
Dissenters were portrayed as violent
and apolitical as they destroyed property
symbolic of their oppression, and looted
items that could help them pay rent.
Anger and uprising seem rather ordinary
responses to such extraordinary strain on human life.
Police are the perpetrators of a great deal of
violence, yet the state controls the violence narrative.
No matter the tone of an action, the state may respond
YLROHQWO\DQGZLOOLQÁXHQFHWKHQDUUDWLYHVRWKDWSROLWLFDO
GLVVHQWHUVDUHLGHQWLÀHGDVYLROHQWDFWRUVHVSHFLDOO\LI
they are low-income people of color. During the Chicano
movement of the 1960s, police beat students who walked
out of racist schools in a nonviolent political action, yet
the media reported it was the protestors who were violent.
During the recent UCSC strike, the administration falsely
claimed protesters were wielding clubs and knives. This

43

was a cynical attempt to paint an unsympathetic public
picture of students and workers. Only months before,
police pushed (government-issue) clubs at the chests of
students engaged in a nonviolent action at Kerr Hall. The
“story”: political dissidents were “violent” because they
supposedly damaged property. The state’s overwhelming
ability to control publicity regarding
GHÀQLWLRQVDVZHOODVWKHLUDELOLW\
to enact violence with impunity,
gives us good reason not to limit
our options.
Problem #2: The state monopoly on
violence. The doctrine of nonviolence
SDFLÀHVGLVVHQWGRLQJPRVWRIWKHMRE
for the enemy. By resolving to only act
LQ SDFLÀF PRGDOLWLHV ZH HQVXUH WR WKH
state (the cops, the administration, the
wealthy overlords) we will be manageable
and well behaved. Only the state controls
the ultimate threat of bodily harm. Whether
by incarceration in inhumane prisons or
immediate physical pain or death, it is
from the threat of violence that the state
draws power. We must maintain and build
our threat of insurrection. If we blindly
take violence off the table, we lose power.
Once we limit our means of revolution, the
revolution will be over.
Problem #3: The tyranny of “appropriate”
forms of protest. Let’s think about what is most
effective. We are at war against injustice, why
should we behave? We are lectured by elders
and disciplined police and media to behave in
“appropriate” ways. Whether it is motivated
by 1960s nostalgia or a paternalistic form of
the unquestioned doctrine of nonviolence, if
we behave too well, we run the risk of co-optation
by the UC administration and their capitalist
interests. Appropriately protesting students (e.g.,
students at the state house, students pushing paper for oil
taxes) are featured on glossy brochures so the UC can sell
itself: “look at what good citizens we produce.”
Violence is not a solution itself. It should be
employed only when a situation demands it. Denying that
force is necessary to upend oppression, or condemning
force, leaves the people at the mercy of those who
have since the dawn of tyranny raised weapons at us
to extinguish opposition. We hope you think differently
when confronted with ideas of action. Any unquestioned,
principled doctrine deserves a critical eye. Nonviolence,
without critical examination, is bourgeois fantasia.

An
Incomplete
Ohlone
History

7KLVDUWLFOHZDVQRWZULWWHQDVDGHÀQLWLYHV\QWKHVLV
of Ohlone history. If that were my goal, it would represent
extreme ignorance or complete delusion. I am not a
Costanoan Ohlone, nor am I indigenous to North America
at all. To put it nicely, I’m a foreigner. I can only hope that
my intention to provide some basic information, history, and
analysis will not lead to further marginalization of Ohlone
culture and existence. I am not attempting to preach to the
Ohlones about what their lives are like, or to reinterpret
the history of their ancestors. I have no interest likewise,
in idealizing their culture and stereotyping them as being
a “pure” or “unspoiled” people, though we do have much
to learn from them. In short, I want to provide some history
that hopefully is a little more fair, and a little less racist than
what has been written many times before.
More than 10,000 Native Americans once lived
in the coastal region stretching from Point Sur to the
Monterey Bay. In fact, before the advance of Spanish
colonists, Central California had the most populated
community of indigenous peoples anywhere north of
Mexico. The Spaniards who came in search of ‘savages’
to ‘civilize,’ as well as labor and resources to exploit,
arrived (literally) millennia after the original inhabitants of
the area: the Costanoan, or, Ohlone People. Ohlone is a
Miwok Indian word meaning “western people,” and both
Ohlone and Costanoan refer to a grouping of smaller
tribes in Central California who shared a similar language.
Among the 10,000 Ohlone, there were about forty different
groups, all with their own distinct culture. The Hordean
Ohlone of what is known contemporarily as Santa Cruz, or
“Holy Cross,” is but one. These groups inhabited different
territory, and had varying social practices and customs,
as well as largely unique languages. Still, it is possible to
speak generally about the Ohlones because the groups
held much in common.

salmon and sturgeon, gathering seeds or brome grass, or
collecting clams and oysters, basic daily sustenance of the
Ohlone was achieved through the direct use of their bodies
interacting with the environment. The earth was seen as a
vast and intricate network deserving of respect and awe,
rather than as a simple mass of objects or resources to
be exploited. This more tightly integrated relation between
the human population and other forms of animal and plant
life, in tandem with the intimacy of the social relationships
within the groups, might explain the harmony said to have
been found in much of Ohlone life before invasion.
To further understand the deep bonds within
Ohlone society, it is important to recognize that each tribe
constituted between roughly two or three hundred people.
There was virtually no leaving such a situation unless one
was cast out completely. Such ostracization did occur,
but it was very rare and reserved only for the greedy or
aggressive. Margolin, author of The Ohlone Way, writes
of greed: “Acquisition was not an Ohlone’s idea of wealth
or security.” After a hunt, for example, the hunter would
not prepare meat for himself, but would rather distribute
WKHERXQW\WRIDPLO\DQGIULHQGVÀUVW)RUWKLVWKHKXQWHU
would receive admiration and respect, as well as a kind
of insurance that they would be treated with similar trust
and benevolence. This is what would be recognized today
as a “gift economy,” a method for the distribution of goods
without bureaucracy, through a network of friends and

The Ohlone attitude toward their environment
was characterized by respect, fostered by a direct and
unmediated relationship with their bioregion. While they too
altered the landscape somewhat, their damaging impact
on wildlife was minimal - incomparable to the wreckage
FDXVHG E\ LQGXVWULDO FDSLWDOLVP :KHWKHU ÀVKLQJ IRU

44

History

family. This world of collective security and mutual aid
was unheard of to Europeans who felt that a strong (i.e.
oppressive) government was the cornerstone of society.

VRPH LQGLJHQRXV UHVLVWDQFH ÀJKWHUV ZKR ZHUH SXUVXLQJ
their rights to life and liberty.”
Phil Laverty wrote of the attack on Mission Santa Cruz:

The Mission Period (1697 - 1834)
Upon the arrival of the somber, gray-robed
PLVVLRQDULHV WKH ÀUVW UHVSRQVH RI WKH 2KORQH FDQ EHVW
be described as fright and awe. The stability that existed
among the Ohlone for centuries was suddenly shocked
into a new reality. A member of the Portola expedition wrote
of the Ohlone reaction to the Franciscan Monks: “Without
knowing what they did, some ran for their weapons, then
shouted and yelled, and the women burst into tears.” But
this was to be only a minor hysteria compared to what
was to befall the Ohlone in coming years. When the
Missionaries appeared to intend no harm, the Ohlone
WUHDWHGWKHQHZFRPHUVTXLWHZDUPO\µEHDULQJJLIWVRIÀVK
seed cakes, roots, and deer or antelope meat.”

“On the night of December 14, 1793, Mission
Santa Cruz was attacked and partially burned by
members of the Quiroste tribe, an Ohlonean group
[just twenty miles north of modern-day Santa Cruz].
Based on all available information, this occurrence
DSSHDUVWREHWKHÀUVWDQGSHUKDSVWKHRQO\GLUHFW
attack on a mission building in Central California
during the Spanish era. Nearly two years of armed
resistance on the part of members of the Quiroste
[Ohlone] tribe preceded the attack, which was
SUREDEO\WKHÀUVWH[WHQGHGUHVLVWDQFHDJDLQVWWKH
Spanish in the entire San Francisco Bay Area.”

Ohlone resistance was on too small a scale however,
WRPDNHWKHFULWLFDOGLIIHUHQFH7KHRQO\VLJQLÀFDQWWKUHDW

$WÀUVWVRPHSHRSOHFDPHYROXQWDULO\WRWKHPLVVLRQV in the area, the Quiroste, were defeated by sheer force
entranced by the novelty of the missionaries’ dress, their in numbers and a superior military apparatus. Another
magic and metallurgy, their seeming benevolence. Others large blow to the health and morale of the Ohlone, were
were captured through force. The mission project was GLVHDVHV VXFK DV LQÁXHQ]D VPDOOSR[ V\SKLOLV PHDVOHV
created with the stipulation that the Natives would only be and mumps. These often were intentionally spread by
held captive and forced into cultural “assimilation” camps Europeans, and were much more devastating to the
for a period of ten years, after which they would be “weaned Ohlone due to the lack of immunity to such diseases.
away from their life of nakedness, lewdness and idolatry.” Death rates at the missions soared, while birth rates
Ten years of captivity and torture were just the beginning plummeted. This was partially a result of the isolation of
for the Ohlone. Their language was criminalized, they were women and men into separate facilities (prisons) which
forced to pray like white people, dress like white people, were intended to enforce strict chastity regulations. In just
eat like white people, to raise cattle, abandon traditional some sixty years, the missionary project left the Ohlone
peoples almost completely decimated. Native arts like
native crafts, farm etc.
basket making were all but entirely forgotten. Native
In the Missions, Ohlones were baptized without dialects became mixed and muddled, or were deserted
knowledge of the implications of the ritual. The Spanish entirely, forcibly replaced with the dominant language of
believed they had title over the Ohlones, could hold them the Spaniards. The gift and barter economy that existed
without consent, and deprive them of any vestige of for centuries at least, along with the intricate network of
freedom or their previous culture. The Spanish postulated tribal relations and collective responsibilities shared by the
by torture and imprisonment these ‘heathens’ would be Ohlones, had virtually disappeared.
transformed from “bestias” (beasts) to “gente de razon”
(people of reason). If they attempted escape, soldiers The Mexican Era and Anglo Advance
were deployed to recapture them. Routine escapees were
After California was ceded to Mexico from Spain in
“whipped, bastinadoed, and shackled, not only to punish
the 1820s, the struggling Ohlone were jostled into a new
them but to provide an example to the others.”
but equally disastrous position. The Missions were turned
over to the Mexican state in 1834, and the Ohlone who
Resistance Against the Mission
had survived were now legally free, but without much of
Some Ohlones acknowledged that the only way the knowledge or resources necessary to make it in the
they could preserve their way of life was through the modern world (if this was something that was desired at all).
employment of political violence, also more favorably Without a means to sustain themselves, some Indigenous
known as self-defense. Certainly (much like today) law Californians became servants to the Spanish, while others
had little to offer the Ohlone, other than to reinforce their formed wandering bands who subsisted by hunting cattle,
servility to the theocracy of the Mission system. As such, horses and sheep. This was their only option, as the elk
along with the consistent escapes from the Missions, other and antelope had almost entirely disappeared. These
more insurrectionary actions were taken by the Ohlone. As bands of “outlaws” were themselves hunted and killed.
At Mission Dolores in 1850, an old man speaks about his
an Ohlone author put it on IndianCanyon.org:
people:
“They resisted in many ways. The restrictions that the
Padres seemed to think were desirable for their neophytes,
“I am very sad; my people were once around me
willing or otherwise. Santa Cruz Mission was attacked by
like the sands of the shore- many, many. They

45

have gone to the mountains- I do not complain: the
antelope falls with the arrow. I had a son- I loved
him. When the pale-faces came he went away; I
know not where he is. I am a Christian Indian; I am
all that is left of my people. I am alone. ”
With California’s incorporation into the U.S. in
1846 and the coming of Anglo settlers, extermination
became more overt and publicly acceptable. Indian killing
was a favorite pastime, and one subsidized by the U.S.
Government. The 1850 Act for the Government and
Protection of Indians led to looser protections for Native
children already heavily exploited as young slaves and
servants. This act also ensured that Indigenous People’s
were withheld status as legal persons, although the
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo already ostensibly secured
Indigenous Californian’s citizenship. With the Land
Claims Act of 1851, most remaining Indigenous land was
expropriated for the coming white settlers. Racism and
hatred of California Indians led to the impossibility of their
receiving fair trial, as virtually any white man would lie
for another. The new inhabitants of California made their
desire clear in this article from the Yreka Herald in 1853:
“We hope that the Government will render such aid
as will enable the citizens of the north to carry on a
war of extermination until the last redskin of these
tribes has been killed. Extermination is no longer
a question of time - the time has arrived, the work
KDV FRPPHQFHG DQG OHW WKH ÀUVW PDQ WKDW VD\V
treaty or peace be regarded as a traitor.” (Yreka
Herald, 1853)
Between 1850 and 1870, indigenous Californians
experienced perhaps the most bloody and murderous times
in their history, with squatters and supposed ‘pioneers’
tracking and assaulting any Native who could be found. In
California, the population of 200,000 - 300,000 California
Natives in 1848, was reduced to 15,238 by 1890. As for
the Ohlone, all 40 tribes and almost all 10,000 people are
gone.
The Modern Era
Despite the centuries of torment and subjugation,
the Ohlone are not dead. Even as you read this, an energetic
movement is springing up around the preservation of an
Ohlone village and burial site located near Branciforte
Creek (See Save the Knoll article). Another example of
a current Ohlone project is the Indian Canyon Ranch,
which serves as an Indigenous cultural center and home
for Native Americans of many tribal origins. Also hopeful
is Quirina Luna-Costillas, who has studied the Mutsun
Ohlone language extensively, and started a foundation
to research and teach it to others. Some have revived
the art of traditional basket making and storytelling, and
are writing about various aspects of Ohlone culture and
history. These examples serve as a reminder of a living,
persevering culture, and as a wake-up call to those of us
who consider the Ohlone to be deceased.

46

History

Santa Cruz History

ZLWKWKHHQHP\:KLOHWKHVHFRPPXQLWLHVZHUHÀJKWLQJIRUWKHLU
right to continue living and working in Santa Cruz, the Sentinel
continued to sing its xenophobic tune: “The United States can
First the land of the Ohlone, then Spanish, then Mexican, take no chances by trying to pick for exclusion only those aliens
WKHQ DQ LQGHSHQGHQW &DOLIRUQLD 5HSXEOLF DQG ÀQDOO\ SDUW RI who are known enemies. All aliens originating from countries
the United States, what we call Santa Cruz has been home to ZLWKZKLFKZHDUHDWZDU>VKRXOG@EHEDQQHGIURPWKHGHÀQHG
communities whose stories and struggles are rarely recorded, areas.”
much less acknowledged in popular culture. Elementary school
The African American community of Santa Cruz didn’t
taught many of us about gritty, hard-working settlers and gold become particularly prominent until after World War II. Historian
miners who pushed westward and eventually forged the state Phil Reader notes, “Racism has always been a basic component
RI&DOLIRUQLD+HUH\RXZLOOÀQGDQRWKHUVWRU\DVWRU\RIWKRVH in the socio-economic makeup of this community, but it has
who weren’t white, weren’t colonizers, but lived in the same area been the more visible communities which have born the brunt of
we now call Santa Cruz. Partly, we hope to shed light on the this mindless prejudice.” Even while white Santa Cruzians were
UDFLVWXQGHUSLQQLQJVRI$PHULFDҋVKLVWRU\UHÁHFWHGRQQDWLRQDO lynching Native Americans and trying to push the Chinese out of
and local scales. While many of us are somewhat familiar with town, in 1860 Louden Nelson, an ex-slave, left his entire estate to
the history of racism in the national context, here we offer a very the children of Santa Cruz. A decade later, perhaps in response
condensed account of local history.
to this generosity, the trustees of the school board allowed three
Several immigrant communities have lived and suffered
under various degrees of racism and xenophobia since before
Santa Cruz was founded in 1866. Among the most important
in early Santa Cruz life was the Chinese population. Chinese
immigrants built the California rail system (among others) and
were an established, if ruthlessly marginalized, part of Santa
Cruz since its beginnings. There were three big waves of anti&KLQHVHVHQWLPHQWLQ6DQWD&UX]²WKHÀUVWLQWKHODWHҋV
the second in 1882, and the third beginning in 1885. The Santa
Cruz Sentinel played a prominent role in these efforts as well,
particularly its publisher, Douglas McPherson (ancestor of longtime local politician and former California Secretary of State
Bruce McPherson), who, in an 1879 Sentinel editorial referred
to Chinese laborers as “half-human, half-devil, rat-eating, ragwearing, law-ignoring, Christian civilization-hating, opiumsmoking, labor-degrading, entrail-sucking Celestials.” Despite
the hateful environment, four Chinatowns existed in Santa Cruz
²WKHÀUVWDVHDUO\DVDQGWKHODVWUHPDLQLQJXQWLO7KH
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, local anti-Chinese sentiment (a
county vote in 1879 showed 2450 to 4 against the Chinese), laws
targeting the Chinese (anti-opium laws, and an anti-carryingEDVNHWVZLWKSROHVODZ DQGÀUHVLQDQGOHGWRWKH
GLVVROXWLRQ RI WKH ORFDO &KLQDWRZQV 7KH ÀQDO IHZ UHVLGHQWV RI
the Front Street Chinatown were forced to leave by the 1955
ÁRRGDQGWKHVXEVHTXHQWUHGHYHORSPHQWHIIRUWVZKLFKEURXJKW
the Long’s Drugstore and adjacent movie theater. (Today, the
Museum of Art and History is housed at the McPherson Center,
a prominent building in downtown Santa Cruz.)
Following the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, increasing
numbers of Japanese and then Filipinos began to move into
Santa Cruz County. By 1900 there were almost 1,000 Japanese
living in the Monterey Bay area. With the bombing of Pearl
Harbor in 1941, Japanese-Americans all over the West Coast
were removed, 71% of whom were American citizens. They
were sent to a camp in Arizona called Poston, the largest of the
camps with 17,000 Japanese- American internees.

African-American students access to public schools, ignoring
a law prohibiting the public education of “African, Oriental, and
Indian” students. In 1880, Joseph Smallwood Francis graduated
ZLWK KRQRUV IURP 6DQWD &UX] +LJK 6FKRRO ² WKH ÀUVW $IULFDQ
American to graduate from a “regular” public high school in the
state. At the turn of the century, as Santa Cruz County’s black
population started shifting from Watsonville to Santa Cruz, antilynching crusader Ida B. Wells and her sister Anna (who also
graduated from Santa Cruz High) settled in town.
With the 1914 onset of World War I and the 1916 release
RIWKH.X.OX[.ODQSURPRWLQJÀOP%LUWKRID1DWLRQ ZKLFKVROG
out at local theaters), treatment of local African Americans shifted
abruptly. Reader describes a suddenly hostile climate: “Bigotry
became a policy in many quarters as blacks were banned or
discriminated against at local hotels, road houses, and inns...
Finding housing and jobs became an impossible task, so many
Negro families left in anger and discouragement.

$IWHU :RUOG :DU ,, 6DQWD &UX] VDZ D IUHVK LQÁX[ RI
black residents to the Westside in the area now called “the
circles.” After an all-black Army unit was stationed at Lighthouse
Point, integration of Santa Cruz could not be undone. Though
many white residents disliked the changes, they could do little to
stop it. Businesses, for example, were threatened with a boycott
when city leaders tried to make certain areas off-limits to the
newcomers. Many men from the unit moved their families to
Santa Cruz, stimulating the growth of a new African American
community and establishing the Missionary Baptist Church. In
1949, the Santa Cruz chapter of the NAACP was established.
The NAACP’s campaigns included efforts for fair-housing laws,
low- income housing projects, and local electoral politics.

New waves of immigrants, mostly Latino, have continued
to arrive over the past few decades. Xenophobia and racism is
still present in Santa Cruz, even if the Sentinel may not use as
direct language as it once did. When UCSC opened its doors
in 1965, a fresh challenge to centuries-old white supremacy
and patriarchy was launched, but efforts to make Santa Cruz
In 1945, after years in the camps, Japanese-Americans a more just place have always been present – from the Ohlone
ZHUH ÀQDOO\ DOORZHG WR UHWXUQ KRPH 0DQ\ KDG ORVW WKHLU ODQG resistance to the Mission, to Chinese, Japanese, Italian, and
and property during the war. During this period, German and African American efforts to organize their communities for
Italian Santa Cruzans were also affected, although not nearly survival, and much more.
to the same degree as local Japanese. Santa Cruz’s Genoese,WDOLDQ ÀVKLQJ FRPPXQLW\ ZHUH IRUFHG WR OLYH LQODQG RQ ZKDW This information was all borrowed from Josh Sonnenfeld’s
LV QRZ 0LVVLRQ 6WUHHW DQG SUHYHQWHG IURP XVLQJ WKHLU ÀVKLQJ thesis: ‘An Incomplete History of Activism at the University of
boats, due to a bizarre fear that they would somehow collude California- Santa Cruz’ Feminist Studies 2007.

47

Timeline of Local Activism
1965

‡QHLJKERUKRRGDFWLYLVWVVXFFHVVIXOO\RUJDQL]HWRÀJKW
WKHGHYHORSPHQWRI/LJKW+RXVHÀHOG7KLVHIIRUWPDUNVWKH
beginning of the local environmental movement.

‡8&6&LVIRXQGHG

1967
‡$ODQ&KDGZLFNFRPPXQLW\JDUGHQRSHQVEHORZZKDWLVQRZ
Merrill College.

‡7KHÀUVWJD\DQGOHVELDQFRQIHUHQFHDW8&6&DWWUDFWV
people.
‡*D\6WXGHQWV8QLRQEHJLQVPHHWLQJ

1968

1974

‡*RYHUQRU5RQDOG5HDJDQ
attends UC Regents meeting at
UCSC and is greeted by mass
student protests.

‡:RPHQҋV6WXGLHVLVDSSURYHGDVD%$SURJUDP

‡6WXGHQWVGHPDQGWKDW&ROOHJH
7 be called Malcolm X College
with a focus on domestic Third
World Concerns. It is now
Oakes.

‡1DQF\6KDZ 6WROOHU EHFRPHVÀUVWIHPDOHSURIHVVRUWR
come out at UCSC.

1969

‡.UHVJH&RRSRSHQVLQDWHHSHHLQWKH3RUWHUPHDGRZ

‡´7KH)DUPµRSHQVWRIXUWKHUWKHVWXG\RIDJURHFRORJ\DQG
sustainable food systems.

1975

‡6WXGHQWVWDNHRYHUDSRUWLRQRIWKHFRPPHQFHPHQWDGGUHVV
and present an honorary diploma to Huey Newton (who at the
time was in prison). Years later, Newton earns a PhD from the
History of Consciousness department.

1970
‡7KH8LQYDGHV&DPERGLD
‡6WXGHQWVWULNHVVSUHDG
nationally after protesters
at Kent State and Jackson
State are murdered by
police:
‡VWXGHQWVRXWRID
total of 2,200 take over
Santa Cruz streets and
march to the County
building to demand we
send a representative to
Washington to lobby for our
withdrawal from Vietnam.
‡0DQ\VSULQJWHUPFODVVHVDUHFDQFHOOHGRU´UHRUJDQL]HGµWR
focus on Vietnam War issues.
‡6WXGHQWVEXUQGUDIWFDUGVLQWKH4XDUU\SOD]D
‡/DUJHQXPEHUVRIVWXGHQWVSDUWLFLSDWHLQFORVLQJGRZQRI
Highway 1 in front of Fort Ord.
‡6WXGHQWERG\SUHVLGHQW6WHSKHQ*ROGVWHLQFULWLTXHV8&
President Clark Kerr’s book, Uses of the University, at
commencement and Kerr refuses to speak after him.

1976
‡7KH5HVRXUFH
Center for
Nonviolence
(pictured next
page) is founded.
It is still located
at 515 Broadway
street. Check
out www.rcnv.org
for more info.
‡6DQWD&UX]
activists
FRQWULEXWHKHDYLO\WRWKHFUHDWLRQRIDIÀQLW\JURXSVZLWKLQ
“People for a Nuclear Free Future” and the “Abalone Alliance”
who protest the building of Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power
Plant. No nuclear plant has been built in California since.

1977
‡7KH&RDOLWLRQ$JDLQVW,QVWLWXWLRQDO5DFLVP &$,5 LV
formed. The group mobilizes over 1,000 students at Hahn
Administration building to demand that the University divest
from South African apartheid and reject the Bakke decision
RXWODZLQJDIÀUPDWLYHDFWLRQVWXGHQWVDUHDUUHVWHG
occupying the building.
‡$SURSRVDOLVZULWWHQFDOOLQJIRUWKHLPSOHPHQWDWLRQRID7KLUG
World and Native American Studies (TWANAS) program at
UCSC. The intent was to examine the dynamic of race and
class interactions as a whole rather than merely dwelling on
the history of oppression and exploitation of each individual
group.

1971

48

History

a. One tenured track faculty member each in both AsianAmerican Studies and Native American Studies.
b. The continuance of a part-time position in Asian-American
Studies.
c. Additional funding for staff to search for and hire these
faculty.

1977 Rally in front of Hahn Student Services. Banner reads,
“(illegible) Overtun Bakke.”

1978
‡$JURZWKOLPLWDWLRQLVFUHDWHGLQ6DQWD&UX]ZKLFKSUHVHUYHV
a “greenbelt” through Measures O and J.

1979
‡$QWLQXFOHDUDFWLYLVWVFUHDWHWKH´5DGLR$FWLYH7LPHVµDQG
distribute 100,000 copies over the next few years.

d. To replace
Third World
and Native
American
faculty who
go on leave
in adherence
with
DIÀUPDWLYH
action
guidelines.
e. A proposal to the Academic Senate that each student be
required to take a course substantially focused on Native
American and/or the domestic Third World.
I,QFUHDVHGÀQDQFLDOVXSSRUWIRUWKH7KLUG:RUOG7HDFKLQJ
Resource Center.
‡´6DYHRXU6KRUHVµLVFUHDWHGLQ6DQWD&UX]WRVSHDUKHDG
the movement against off shore oil drilling.
‡$JURHFRORJ\SURJUDPIRXQGHGHQVXULQJWKHFRQWLQXHG
existence of the Farm and Chadwick garden.

‡7KHÀUVWLVVXHRIWKH7:$1$6
newspaper is published.

‡8&6&(DUWK)LUVW6WDUWVWRKROGLQJPHHWLQJVDW&ROOHJH
Eight.

‡7KHÀUVWZDYHRISURJUHVVLYHVLV
elected into SC city council. By 1983,
progressives constituted the majority
on the council, a trend that continues
to this day.

1982
‡2SHQO\JD\SURIHVVRU1DQF\
(Shaw) Stoller is denied tenure
despite the recommendations
of her department, outside
reviewers, and an ad-hoc
committee. After a long
legal battle, Stoller wins
in 1987 and returns to
teach.

1981
‡+LVWRU\RIWKH7:$1$6VWUXJJOH

TWANAS logo

1. Ed Castillo, the only instructor teaching Native American
Studies, is dismissed. UC Santa Cruz still lacks Black
6WXGLHV&KLFDQR6WXGLHVRU$VLDQDQG3DFLÀF,VODQGHU
studies programs.

‡1HDUO\SURWHVWDW
Lawrence Livermore National Lab,
one of two UC-managed nuclear
weapons production sites. 1,475 people
are arrested.

2. TWANAS and the Native American Studies Support Group
PHUJHDQGGHFLGHWRSUHVHQWVSHFLÀFGHPDQGVWRVHFXUH
permanent faculty positions.
1HDUO\SHRSOHPDUFKWRWKH&KDQFHOORUҋVRIÀFHDQG
present demands which are to be answered within 5 days.
7KH8QLYHUVLW\ҋVUHVSRQVHGRHVQҋWVSHFLÀFDOO\DGGUHVVWKH
demands, instead proposing the formation of yet another
committee.
4. The TWANAS Support Coalition organizes another rally
in response, and 25 people commit to not eating until all
demands are met.
5. Third World and Native American faculty meet and
unanimously agree to support the hunger strike, which lasted
5 days.
6. The University agrees in writing to:

1983
‡)LUVW´7DNH%DFNWKH1LJKWµDW8&6&LVRUJDQL]HGLQUHDFWLRQ
to multiple serial murderers, including the son of a provost.
‡-XQHWKRYHUSHRSOHDUHDUUHVWHGEORFNLQJWKH
entrance to the Lawrence Livermore Weapons Lab. Five days
later more than 6,000 join hands around the lab in opposition
to the lab’s work and in support of the arrested blockaders.
In response, the Department of Energy buys a 196-acre
“security buffer zone” around the lab.
‡6DQWD&UX]EHFRPHVD´1XFOHDU)UHH&RXQW\µ
‡'HPDQGVIURP7:$1$6KXQJHUVWULNHUHPDLQXQPHW

49

Oakes College ethnic studies courses are dissolved.
‡-RKQ/DLUGD8&6&JUDGHOHFWHGPD\RURI6DQWD&UX]WKH
ÀUVWRSHQO\JD\PD\RULQWKHFRXQWU\

1984
‡7:$1$6FLUFXODWHVDSHWLWLRQWKDWVKRZVRYHUZKHOPLQJ
student support for the Ethnic Studies general education
requirement.

1985
‡(236$$VSRQVRUVDIRUXPIRUDOO7KLUG:RUOGVWXGHQWVDQG
UNITY THROUGH ACTION is born. UTA drew together a
coalition of Third World organizations.
‡87$7:$1$6SHWLWLRQGULYHFROOHFWVVWXGHQW
signatures supporting the Ethnic Studies G.E. requirement.
Petitions are submitted to the Academic Senate, which votes
to include the requirement. This means VICTORY after 13
years.
‡6WXGHQW8QLRQ$VVHPEO\ 68$ IRXQGHGWRSXWVWXGHQWVLQD
better bargaining position with the administration on campuswide issues.
‡/RFDOIHPLQLVWVOHGE\
former fashion model
Ann Simonton, protest
the Miss California
pageant which was
held in Santa Cruz.
Simonton (pictured at
right) wears a dress of
raw meat to highlight
WKHREMHFWLÀFDWLRQRI
women and is among
the arrested. Next year
the pageant moves to
San Diego.

1989
‡&LW\&RXQFLOH[SOLFLWO\XQLQYLWHV1DY\IURPYLVLWLQJKDUERU
for recruitment efforts.
‡*D\/HVELDQ%L7UDQV,QWHUVH[5HVRXUFH&HQWHU ´,QWHUVH[µ
added in 2003) space is won by students.

1990
‡(DUWK1LJKW$FWLRQWRSSOHVSRZHUWRZHULQ$SWRVDQGEODFNV
out Santa Cruz for 2 days.
‡)RUGD\VVWXGHQWVIURPWKH&RDOLWLRQRQ'HPRFUDWLF
(GXFDWLRQWDNHRYHUWKH&KDQFHOORUҋVRIÀFHVOHHSLQJLQWKH
foyer of McHenry Library. The action helps ensure that ethnic
studies courses are listed in the Schedule of Classes.

1991
‡8&6&%LJ&UHHNVWDUWVORJJLQJDW(OÁDQG DUHGZRRGJURYH 
over holiday break. 42 people are arrested in a day-long
demonstration. Native shell site is trampled and sacred sites
are destroyed. Construction of Colleges 9 & 10 begins. The
full story can be found here: http://nativenet.uthscsa.edu/
archive/nl/9201/0051.html.
‡6WXGHQWVDQGORFDODFWLYLVWVVKXWGRZQ+LJKZD\WRSURWHVW
Operation Desert Storm.
‡$IULFDQ$PHULFDQ5HVRXUFHDQG&XOWXUDO&HQWHURSHQV

1994
‡5DLQERZ7KHDWHUIRXQGHGE\'RQ:LOOLDPV'HVSLWH
continued attempts to lay off Williams, consistent activism has
ensured that the group continues today.

‡:HVWVLGHQHLJKERUV
organize Westside
Community Health
Clinic (later becomes
Planned Parenthood
downtown)

1995
‡$XJXVWSHRSOHJDWKHULQGRZQWRZQ6&WRKRQRU
the victims of the US atomic bombing of Japan.
‡:DOQXWWUHHDFWLRQE\6DQWD&UX](DUWK)LUVWIDLOVWRVDYH
old tree behind former Bookshop site. City sells wood at a
SURÀW3URWHVWHUVPDUFKWRGHPRQVWUDWLRQDQGORFNGRZQDW
Big Creek Lumber mill in Davenport.

‡7KH:RPHQҋV&HQWHURSHQV

1986
‡<HDUVRIVWXGHQWSURWHVWSD\RIIDVWKH8&EHFRPHVWKH
largest public institution yet to take a stand against apartheid
in South Africa. Actions are held at all UC campuses,
including mock shantytowns, sit ins, teach-ins and rallies.
These caused such disruption and bad press for the UC
that it sold its $3 billion in stock holdings of companies with
ties to South Africa. Mandela would later state that the UC
divestment campaign was a key part of international pressure
to end apartheid.
‡:KDWLVQRZWKH4XHHU)DVKLRQ6KRZLVVWDUWHGDW&URZQRU
Merrill. It is called the “Alternative Fashion Show.”

1987
‡3URWHVWDW/DZUHQFH/LYHUPRUH/DEVSHRSOHDUH
arrested.

50

‡*/%7FRQIHUHQFH´([SRVHGµDWWUDFWVSHRSOHIURP
around the country.

‡(WKQLF6WXGHQW2UJDQL]DWLRQ&RXQFLO (62& IRUPVRXWRI
Third World and Native American Studies Coalition. ESOC
plays a key role in campus politics over the next decade.

1996
‡$IWHUH[WHQVLYHQHJRWLDWLRQVZLWKWKH5HJHQWVWKH8&6&
´$IÀUPDWLYH$FWLRQ&RDOLWLRQµ $$& PRELOL]HGRYHU
people and shut down the campus for 7 hours on January 17.
‡5HGZRRG(PSLUHEHJLQVORJJLQJDW*DPHFRFN&DQ\RQ
Activists blockade Summit Road until injunction issued.
Resistance continues over the next 3 years until monkeyZUHQFKLQJÀQDOO\EDQNUXSWVWKHFRPSDQ\EXWQRWEHIRUH
Gamecock Canyon is trashed.

History

‡&KLFDQR/DWLQR5HVRXUFH&HQWHU (O&HQWUR RSHQV
‡3URSSDVVHV
HOLPLQDWLQJDIÀUPDWLYH
action in CA. Students
encircle Hahn Student
Services building for
8 hours. The protest
ends with Chancellor
M.R.C. Greenwood
and the students
issuing a statement on
how the administration
will support student
efforts to ensure a diverse campus.

funding to address UCSC’s low outreach and retention rates,
and act as a vital hub for self and educational empowerment
within the community. The ballot measure swept the Spring
2003 student elections with 69% of the vote, setting up
“Engaging Education” or “E2.”
‡2FWREHU$VSDUWRIWKHODUJHVWVWULNHLQ8&KLVWRU\
the Coalition of University Employees (CUE, the clerical
workers’ union) and the American Federation of Teachers
8&$)7WKHOHFWXUHUVҋXQLRQ VWRSSHGZRUNDWÀYHGLIIHUHQW
campuses in response to “unfair labor practices” on the part
RIWKH8&6SHFLÀFDOO\WKH8&ZDVIDLOLQJWRQHJRWLDWHLQ
good faith, using such illegal tactics as deliberate not just by
the two unions, but student and worker allies.

1998

‡6DQWD&UX]&LW\&RXQFLOZHLJKVLQRQPDQ\QDWLRQDO
international issues:

‡$WHDFKLQRQDIÀUPDWLYHDFWLRQSROLFLHVGUDZV
Speakers include American Studies professors Judy Young
and Curtis Marez, as well as chancellor M.R.C. Greenwood.

a. First city to pass resolutions against US wars on
Afghanistan and Iraq.

1999

b. Joins cities across the country in opposing the Patriot Act,
and raises question of impeachment of Bush.

‡$VLDQ$PHULFDQ3DFLÀF,VODQGHU5HVRXUFH&HQWHURSHQV
‡'HFHPEHUVWXGHQWSURWHVWHUVVXFFHVVIXOO\KDOW
introduction of grades.

2000
‡-XQH5DPVH\*XOFK7UHHVLWVWDUWHGE\(DUWK)LUVWZLWK
help from Canopy Action Network.
 5HGZRRG(PSLUHÀOHVDODZVXLWWKDWZRXOGEDUWUHHVLWWHUV
from property but then withdraws it.
‡$PHULFDQ,QGLDQ5HVRXUFH&HQWHU IRUPHUO\1DWLYH
American Resource Center) opens.
‡(QJDJLQJ(GXFDWLRQLVÀUVWFRQFHSWXDOL]HGZLWKHYHQWV
organized by the Ethnic Student Organization Council and
SUA in response to violence and racism on campus.
‡0D\0RUHWKDQVWXGHQWVGHPRQVWUDWHWRHQGRQFH
and for all the attempt to remove evals. Nevertheless,
mandatory grades are voted in by the faculty senate. Evals
are kept optional.
‡6WDWHZLGHDQWLVZHDWVKRSFDPSDLJQVXFFHHGVZKHQWKH
8&2IÀFHRIWKH3UHVLGHQWDGRSWVD´&RGHRI&RQGXFWµ
Loopholes in this policy later lead to another UC Sweat-Free
campaign.

2001
‡,QWKHDFDGHPLF\HDUIROORZLQJUHSRUWHG+DWH%LDV
incidents increases by 400%. This was the last published
Hate/Bias report.
‡2QWKHPRQWKDQQLYHUVDU\RISHRSOHUDOOLHG
at the base of campus to oppose a U.S. invasion of
Afghanistan.
‡$IULFDQ$PHULFDQ&KLFDQR/DWLQR1DWLYH$PHULFDQDQG
$VLDQ$PHULFDQ3DFLÀF,VODQGHU5HVRXUFHFHQWHUVRSHQLQ
Bay Tree building.

2002
‡$JURXSRIVWXGHQWOHDGHUVSDVVDUHIHUHQGXPDOORFDWLQJ

51

‡$FRDOLWLRQRIVWXGHQWRUJDQL]DWLRQVQDPHG6WDQGLQJ
United for Peace (SUP) becomes active:
a. Rallies: 700-800 students rally on October 7; 150 march
around campus and orchestrate a ‘die-in’ on November 20;
and 300 demonstrate on March 5.
‡7KH683DFWLRQVZHUHHDFKSDUWRIQDWLRQZLGHGD\VRI
action with participation from schools across the country.
‡683DOVRRUJDQL]HVWHDFKLQVWDEOLQJDSHDFHFDPSDQG
carpools to the big antiwar rallies in San Francisco.

2003
‡(FHQWHURSHQV
‡8&5HJHQWVXQDQLPRXVO\
pass a Clean Energy and Green
Building policy after a yearlong
“UC Go Solar!” campaign by
students and Greenpeace.
‡7KH´'XPS6RGH[KRµ
campaign begins:
‡,Q-DQXDU\IRRGVHUYLFH
workers, students, and
the union local AFSCME 3299 come together to start a
campaign to cancel the University’s contract with Sodexho.
Sodexho, the largest food service provider in the world,
UDQWKHGLQLQJKDOOVDW8&6&PDNLQJREVFHQHSURÀWVZKLOH
paying its workers poverty wages, not providing health care
or full-time employment, and disrespecting dining hall staff
on a daily basis.
‡)HEUXDU\VWXGHQWVDQGZRUNHUVUDOO\WRGHPDQG
that the University cancel its contract with Sodexho, and that
all workers currently employed by
Sodexho be hired as full University
employees.

P
M
U
D
‡0DUFK8&6&SXEOLFO\DJUHHVWR
coalition demands.

‡6HSWHPEHU$OOIRUPHU6RGH[KRHPSOR\HHVDUHKLUHGE\
WKH8QLYHUVLW\ZLQQLQJGLJQLÀHGVDODULHVIXOOWLPHMREVDQG

health care for their families, union representation through
AFSCME 3299, and respect. VICTORY!!!
‡)HEUXDU\PLOOLRQSHRSOHLQFLWLHVDURXQGWKH
world make their opposition to a US invasion of Iraq known in
the largest protest in history. 5000-7000 (by police estimates)
rally in downtown Santa Cruz.
‡2QWKHGD\DIWHUWKHZDUEHJDQSHRSOHLQFOXGLQJ
many from Santa Cruz, shut down San Francisco’s business
district with mass civil disobedience. Protesters targeted
RIÀFHVRIFRPSDQLHVVXFKDV%HFKWHODQGWKH&DUO\OH*URXS
who stood to make millions off of the war.
‡7KH&RDOLWLRQWR'HPLOLWDUL]HWKH8&IRUPVWRHQGPLOLWDU\
research at the UC, including management of the nuclear
weapons labs.
‡6WXGHQWVVXFFHVVIXOO\OREE\WRJHWIDLUWUDGHFHUWLÀHGFRIIHH
served in the dining halls. This ensured that at least $1.26/lb.
of coffee went to the coffee farmers, a vast improvement over
the $0.55/lb poverty wage offered by the conventional market.

2004
‡6WDUWLQJ6SULQJTXDUWHUFRIIHHVHUYHGLQWKHGLQLQJKDOOVZDV
purchased direct from a coffee growing cooperative in Costa
Rica through the Community Agroecology Network (CAN),
earning $3.77/lb. for the farmer. See page 57.
‡$UDGLFDOFDPSXVQHZVSDSHU´7KH3URMHFWµVWDUWVXS
‡0D\ZRUNHUVDQGVWXGHQWVNLFNHGRIIDFDPSDLJQ
for a better contract for AFSCME workers with a rally at the
FKDQFHOORUҋVRIÀFHSOHGJHVE\VWXGHQWVWRVWDQGZLWK
workers, and 300 pledges signed by union members were
IRUPDOO\SUHVHQWHGWRWKHFKDQFHOORUҋVRIÀFH7KLVDFWLRQZDV
just the beginning of a larger campaign for worekr’s rights
‡6HSWHPEHU860DUVKDOVDQG)&&$JHQWVUDLG)UHH
Radio Santa Cruz, but an outpouring of community support
allows the station to get back on the air.

2005

end.
‡$SULO7KH'$GURSVDOOFKDUJHVIDFLQJVWXGHQWV
‡6SULQJHOHFWLRQVWKHDGPLQLVWUDWLRQFRRSWVVWXGHQWVLQWR
paying for basic services, as a large new fee barely wins to
expand the problem-ridden Health Center.
‡2FWREHU
200 people
turn out for a
rally organized
by the Student
Worker
Coalition for
Justice in
support of
striking metro
bus drivers
(UTU Local 23).
Drivers struck
for 37 days against bad faith bargaining by the Metro Board
of Directors.
‡2FWREHU6$:RUJDQL]HVD´4XHHU.LVVLQµLQIURQWRI
military recruiter tables at the fall job fair to highlight the
military’s discriminatory policies.
‡'HFHPEHU061%&OHDNVSDUWRID3HQWDJRQVXUYHLOODQFH
database that lists SAW’s April 5, 2005 counter-recruitment
action as a “credible threat” to national security; SAW
members work with the ACLU to release the rest of the
report.

2006
‡)HEUXDU\VWXGHQWVRUJDQL]HDZHHNORQJHYHQWFDOOHG
“New Orleans: An American Disaster” to educate the campus
DERXWWKHLQVWLWXWLRQDOL]HGGLVSDULWLHVPDJQLÀHGE\+XUULFDQH
Katrina.
‡:LQWHUTXDUWHU7:$1$6UHVXPHVSXEOLFDWLRQRIVWXGHQW
newspaper.
‡$SULO6$:NLFNVUHFUXLWHUVRIIRIFDPSXVIRUWKHVHFRQG
year in a row.

‡-DQXDU\8&6&
Students Against War
(SAW) forms.

‡0D\+XQGUHGVRIVWXGHQWVUDOO\
at the base of campus in support of
immigrant rights and then march to
WKHEHDFKÁDWVWRMRLQDFRPPXQLW\
rally.

‡$SULO6$:OHDGV
LWVÀUVWPDMRUDFWLRQDV
students successfully
kick military recruiters
out of a campus job fair.

Right: (sign reads “No
Immigrants? No Business!”)

‡$SULO$)60(
strike SHUTS DOWN
CAMPUS, leading
to a better contract
for campus service
workers, including
sweatshop-free
uniforms.

‡0D\7KH8&6ZHDWIUHH
campaign ends in victory.
‡0D\6$:DQGDQWLQXNH
activists from around CA disrupt a
UC Regents meeting. One UCSC
student is escorted out of the building for going over his 30
second limit during the comment period.

‡$SULO7HQW
University Santa Cruz (TUSC) takes place at the base of
campus.

‡6SULQJ7KH6DYH2XU/DQJXDJHVFDPSDLJQGHPDQGV
prioritization of UCSC Language Programs.

‡$SULOULRWSROLFHDUUHVWDQGEUXWDOL]HVWXGHQWVZKRUHIXVH
to leave the base of campus after “free speech zone” hours

‡-XQH7KH$IÀUPDWLYH'LYHUVLW\&RDOLWLRQKROGVPDVVUDOO\
to demand concrete infrastructural support for diversity at

52

History

UCSC.
‡2FWREHU,QUHVSRQVHWRD8&5HJHQWVYLVLWDODUJH
coalition of students from a variety of struggles protests the
regents’ comment period.
‡8&SROLFHTXHOOWKHFURZG
ZLWKSHSSHUVSUD\ DÀUVW
in UC history) and arrest
3 students. Chancellor
Blumenthal shows no concern
about the pepper spraying
and condemns the protest.
Later the administration tries
to make an example out
of one of the arrestees, a
black woman named Alette
Kendrick, by suspending her
for 3 years.

Students and Allies break down police barriers to provide
food to Tree Sitters on Science Hill, who had ascended the
night before. Students hold an autonomous zone beneath sit
for two months after.
‡1RYHPEHU)LUVWHYHU6WXGHQWRI&RORU&RQIHUHQFHWREH
hosted at UCSC.

2008
‡0DUFKWK7RFRPPHPRUDWHWKHÀIWKDQQLYHUVDU\RI
the Iraq War, Students Against War (SAW) holds a week
against war in the Quarry Plaza, with a simulated Nuclear
Waste Dump, educationals, and a rally. On March 19th,
UCSC joins other campuses in a Coalition To\Free the
UC action at the UC Regents meeting in Mission Bay, in
conjunction with Direct Action to Stop the War.

2007
Alette holding a picture of Blumenthal.

‡)HEUXDU\´0RQH\IRU
(photo by Bradley Stuart / Indybay.org)
Wages, Not for War” rally
calls for a reprioritization of
resources to focus on the needs of low-paid service workers
rather than on weapons development and war. The rally
corresponds with anti-war student strikes on several other
campuses nation-wide.
‡$SULO:LWKPDMRUSURWHVWVLPPLQHQWPLOLWDU\UHFUXLWHUV
withdraw from upcoming spring job fair.
‡0D\7KH0RYHPHQWIRU,PPLJUDQW5LJKWV$OOLDQFH
(MIRA) organizes a week of actions and awareness in
support of immigrant rights and May Day.
‡0D\7KH&RPPLWWHHIRU-XVWLFHLQ3DOHVWLQH
organizes Palestine Awareness Week events including a
mock check-point established by Baytree.
‡0D\8&VWXGHQWVDQGIDFXOW\HQJDJHLQDGD\
hunger strike, raising the pressure for UC severance ties with
nuclear weapons lab.

‡$SULO6$:KROGVDQ´$ZDUGV&HUHPRQ\µZKHUHWKH
U.S. Army takes sweeping wins in categories such as “Most
Money Poured Into Violent Gaming Industry” and “Most
Homophobic”
‡0D\7RHQG3ULVRQ,QGXVWULDO&RPSOH[$ZDUHQHVV
Week, Angela Davis speaks to packed audiences College
9/10.
‡0D\6WXGHQWVSURWHVWQHRFRQVHUYDWLYH'DYLG+RUURZLW]
speaking on campus.
‡-XQH6WXGHQW :RUNHU&RDOLWLRQ)RU-XVWLFHDQG
AFSCME 3299 workers hold rally and march calling for a
Fair Contract and Protesting the Inauguration of Chancellor
George Blumenthal, who failed to provide public support for
the campaign. Demonstrators shut down the intersections
of Bay and Mission for 3 hours. Graduation speakers also
refused to speak in solidarity.
‡-XO\PHPEHUV$)6&0(FRQGXFWVWDWHZLGH
strike to call for a fair contract and an end to poverty wages.
‡2FWREHUVWSHRSOHSLFNHWDQGEORFNWUDIÀFQHDUWKH
bookstore demanding justice for AFSCME workers

‡0D\UDOO\DWWKH&KDQFHOORUҋV2IÀFHWRSURWHVW
the proposed 3 year suspension of Alette Kendrick.
Speakers include Angela Davis and members of the UC
Activist Defense Committee. In response to this outcry, the
administration backs off from this severe punishment on May
30.
‡-XQH
UCSC rehires
ÀUHGGLQLQJDOO
worker Angela
Ruiz after a day
of student and
worker protest.
Angela was
ÀUHGLQ$SULO
for attending
a unionsponsored
protest against
UC President Robert Dynes, even though she had received
excellent evaluations and the protest was during her lunch
hour.
‡1RYHPEHU$IWHUD5DOO\DJDLQVWWKH/5'3DWWKH4XDUU\

53

‡1RYHPEHUVW6XEURVD$QDUFKLVW&DIHDQG,QIRVKRS
Opens-The downtown coffee shop/bookstore/radical library
serves as an open community space for student activists,
community members, and radicals.
‡1RYHPEHUWK5HJHQWV0HHWLQJLQ6DQ)UDQFLVFR
AFSCME members, labor activists, and union leaders
gathered in San Francisco to demand a fair contract for
University of California service workers. Union leaders from
around the state were arrested after they refused to leave the
public comment period.
‡:LQWHU&XWVWR%HDFK)ODWV&RPPXQLW\$PLGVWFLW\
budget cuts, the Beach Flats Community, a primary Latin@
community, experienced major cutbacks to community
centerpieces including the community garden and community
center, a wellspring of education and opportunity.

‡'HFHPEHUWKKXQGUHGVRI&RPPXQLW\0HPEHUVDQG
Students march from the Beach Flats Community Center to
FLW\KDOOWRÀJKWDJDLQVWFXWEDFNV
‡'HFHPEHUWK7UHH6LW(QGV7KHPRQWKWUHH
sit demonstration ended immediately after students left for
Winter break. Students had been occupying the trees in
protest of UC expansionist policies and the Long-Range
Development Plan. After facing threats of legal action,
protesters abandoned their redwood platforms above Science
Hill. Following the protesters descent, UCSC cut down
48 redwood trees and 11 oak trees to make way for the
construction of a campus biomedical facility. Due to budget
cuts throughout the UC-system the plans to build the facility
have been put on hold and the land remains vacant and
dead.

2009

‡-DQXDU\)HEUXDU\$)6&0(VHUYLFHZRUNHUV
settled their contract with the UC after a year and a half of
QHJRWLDWLRQVDQGSURWHVW7KHDJUHHPHQWLQFOXGHGVLJQLÀFDQW
wage increases, a pay system that rewards seniority and
DÀUVWWLPHHYHUVWDWHZLGHPLQLPXPZDJHIRUWKHLUMRE
FODVVLÀFDWLRQV
‡)HEUXDU\)RXU/RFDO$QLPDO/LEHUDWLRQ$FWLYLVWV
Arrested by FBI-Café Pergolesi, a downtown coffee shop,
snitched on four local animal-lib activists to Federal Agents
who charged them under the Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act
(AETA). Each faces ten years in prison for attending protests
against animal experimentation at the UC and allegedly
publishing the names and addresses of UC professors who
experiment on living
animals.
‡)HEUXDU\7KH
Project/TWANAS RevivalTwo radical, alternative,
student-made newspapers
resumed printing in the
early months of 2009 after
years of stagnation.

‡0D\0D\'D\+XQGUHGVRIVWXGHQWVDQGFRPPXQLW\
members braved the rain to celebrate International Workers’
Day and speak out for immigrant rights. Students marched
from campus to the Beach Flats.
‡-XQH62&&
Hunger Strike-The
Students of Color
Coalition (SOCC)
organized a fourday hunger strike
in protest of budget
cuts and in opposition
to UC policies,
noting that cuts are
disproportionately
affecting students of
color and marginalized
communities within the university. SOCC’s demands
included among other things making the university a
safe sanctuary for undocumented students. SOCC also
demanded that the university hire a full-time director of the
American Indian Resource Center and Women’s Center.
‡,Q$XJXVWZRUNHUVFDOOIRUDYRWHRIQRFRQÀGHQFHLQ
President Mark Yudof. This leads to an UPTE strike and
faculty walkout on September 24.

‡6HSW+XQGUHGVRIVWXGHQWVDQGIDFXOW\ZDONRXW8&6&
garners the attention of students across California, and much
of the world, when dozens of students occupy the Graduate
Student Commons for 7 days. Over the next several months
occupations follow at UCSC, UC Berkeley, San Francisco
State University, CSU Fullerton, UCLA, UC Davis, and more.
Alongside the demonstration students throw dance parties
and distribute information. The term electro-communism is
coined. A real sense of student unity across the state forms.
The text, A Communique from an Absent Future, makes its
debute. (see more: http://occupyCA.wordpress.com)
‡2FW6WXGHQWVRFFXS\WKH+XPDQLWLHVEXLOGLQJIRU
several hours.

‡$SULO.LGGLH3LFNHW
at Family Student HousingStudents living at Family
Student Housing brought
their kids out to Quarry
Plaza to protest repeated
rent increases and
deteriorating apartment
conditions.

‡2FW$FRQIHUHQFHLVKHOGDW8&%HUNHOH\WRXQLWH
the budget cuts movement across the state, particularly in
education. It brings in over a thousand in attendance.
‡1RY6WXGHQWVWDNHRYHUWKH6FLHQFHDQG(QJLQHHULQJ
library for 23 hours in protest to budget cuts affecting the
libraries.

‡0D\:DON2XWLQ2SSRVLWLRQWR8&:LGH%XGJHW&XWV
UCSC admins announced major cuts to student services and

54

undergrad programs. These cuts were especially damaging
to the social sciences, humanities, and the arts and
threatened to obliterate the Community Studies Department.
Two founding Latin American and Latino Studies professors,
Susan Jonas and Guillermo Delgado, were given notice that
their positions would be terminated along with other staff and
faculty members. Students mobilized in opposition to the
cuts and in support of the faculty and Community Studies
Department.

‡1RY$URXQGVWXGHQWVRFFXS\.UHVJH7RZQ
Hall, leading to the 4 day occupation of Kerr Hall, the main
administrative building on campus, in protest of a 32% fee

History

increase, among other things. Students at UC Berkeley and
UC Davis also occupy spaces.

2010
‡)HE$GDQFHSDUW\DW8&6&URYHVDURXQGFDPSXVDW
night to publicize the upcoming March 4 Strike, attracting
hundreds of people from several colleges as it made its way
from Porter to Stevenson.
‡)HE$VHULHVRIGLVJXVWLQJUDFLVWLPDJHU\LVIRXQGDW8&
San Diego, resulting in an uproar from students across the
UC, including Santa Cruz.
‡0DUFK$SSUR[LPDWHO\VWXGHQWVVKXWGRZQERWK
entrances to campus in protest of budget cuts for the entirety
RIWKHGD\DOORZLQJRQO\IRRWWUDIÀFLQ6WXGHQWVWLUHOHVVO\
organized themselves to stop incoming workers being forced
to commute to campus despite its closure as early as 4am.
However, the momentum failed to continue onto the next day
despite interest, due to fatigue and poor planning. Across the
state, and the US, millions of students protest cuts.
‡0D\6WXGHQWVKROGDVPDOOZDONRXWDQGWHDFKLQIRUWZR
days.
‡6HSW$GDQFHSDUW\UHPLQLVFHQWRIWKHRQHVGXULQJWKH
occupations is attacked by police and three are arrested.
‡2FW,QDWWHPSWWRPLPLFWKHVXFFHVVRI0DUFKD
statewide conference was held in April to organize a day of
action against budget cuts for Oct. 7th. However, it fails to
meet hopes of another March 4. 2-300 attend at UCSC to
rally. The demonstration included many theatrical elements,
including a zombie squad and puppets to raise awareness.
‡,QWKHVXPPHUWKHDGPLQFORVHGWKH5DSH3UHYHQWLRQ
Education program, the last of its kind in the UC. It was
reassigned to SHOP, ultimately reclassifying rape as a
medical issue.
‡1RY+XQGUHGVRI8&VWXGHQWVVWDIIDQGIDFXOW\UDOO\
outside a Regents’ meeting at UCSF to protest an 8% fee
increase. 13 students are arrested, and dozens more are
beaten and pepper-sprayed by police while holding picket
OLQHV2QHSROLFHRIÀFHUGUDZVKLVJXQ

2011
‡0DUVWXGHQWVJDWKHURQ23(56WRVSHOORXW
the words ‘FREE EDUCATION’ with their bodies while
SKRWRJUDSKHUVÁ\RYHULQDQDLUSODQH7KHHYHQWLVFRYHUHG
by three TV stations and several local newspapers.
‡0DU6WXGHQWVUDOO\LQ4XDUU\3OD]DDQGRFFXS\WKH
Ethnic Resource Center to demand the creation of the longoverdue Critical Race and Ethnic Studies department. The
action succeeds in establishing an ongoing open forum on
the creation of such a department.
May 5, hundreds of students hold an impromptou symposium
about racism at UCSC in Cowell dining hall after the message
“Stop the invasion, kill a mexican” is found scribbled on a
Cowell bathroom wall.
‡0D\0RUHWKDQVWXGHQWVDQGWHDFKHUV IURP
UCSC) are arrested for sitting in at the state capitol building
in Sacramento in protest of the $28 billion in cuts to social
services in the latest CA budget. All students but one have
their charges dropped.

55

56

Downtown

What kinds of classes take place through Free
Skool Santa Cruz?
Class topics are very diverse and vary each free
skool session. Some classes you might see or go to are:
-Homebrewing
-DIY Silkscreening
-Bee Keeping
1DWXUH:DONV ZSODQWLGHQWLÀFDWLRQ
-World Without Police Discussions
-Introduction to Anarchism
-Creating community spaces
-Boat Design
-Tenants Rights
-Soap Making
-Deodorant Making

Free Skool Santa Cruz is another one of the
exciting local projects happening in this town that is
aimed at building strong community, and creating a world
that we enjoy living in. The basic goal of this project is to
create a network for the free exchange of information and
skills, which is outside of the traditional market economy
and institutional educational structures. YOU, me, and
everyone make Free Skool happen. Free Skools exist all
over the place, with high numbers of them in the U.S.and
Canada. The way it works in Santa Cruz is that there is
a collective of people who get together and look at class
ideas, organize them onto a big calendar (complete with
class times, summaries, and locations), and then distribute
it different areas in town. ANYONE can submit a class idea
on whatever they want, and propose to teach it anywhere/
anytime they want. There are 3 sessions or quarters in each
year of Free Skool SC (Fall, winter, spring, or summer).
All classes are free, although some teachers may request
a donation if there are materials supplied for you. The
meaning of “free” in the title is not only in reference to
monetary cost but also to the concept of liberation through
self and community reliance. Here is a short statement from
the Free Skool SC website: “As much as possible, Free
Skool works to blur the line between teachers, students,
and organizers. Teachers make most of the arrangements
for their classes including subject, material, timing, and
location. Classes are informal, egalitarian, and are held in
homes, social spaces, and parks.”

57

There are many other classes offered other than
those above. If you have an idea for a class you should
put something together and teach a class of your own. I
UHFFRPHQG DWWHQGLQJ RWKHU FODVVHV ÀUVW EHIRUH WHDFKLQJ
your own though.

From my own personal experience...
For me, Free Skool SC has been a way for me
to connect with other people in Santa Cruz and share
my interests. I have been both a student and a teacher/
IDFLOLWDWRURIFODVVHVWKURXJK)UHH6NRRODQGWKHEHQHÀWV
to myself and my community are numerous. I’m thankful to
have the opportunity to share my passions with other people
who are eager to learn and discuss, and Free Skool has
made this possible. As a student of the university, it’s also
refreshing to get out of the formal educational environment
and interact with all sorts of people of all different ages
in the Santa Cruz community. And most importantly for
me, Free Skool has helped me to form new thoughts and
opinions on how I want my education to be, and given me
the tools to direct it in that way.
Free Skool calendars are distributed at various
places on campus, so if you get your hands on one check
it out. There will likely be at least one interesting class
that you can attend (even with your busy college life).
Calendars can often be found in the Kresge Foods Coop, located on the south side of Kresge College. You can
also visit the SubRosa Anarchist Infoshop downtown for a
Free Skool calendar. For more information and a schedule
of classes, check out the Free Skool Santa Cruz website:
http://santacruz.freeskool.org

DIY Guide to Santa Cruz

An Incomplete List of Independent Local Projects
Meaningful projects begin with people who are
motivated to put into action their desires for the kind of
world in which they want to live. Here is a short list of some
of these kinds of projects in Santa Cruz
Anarchist Library
DW6XE5RVD3DFLÀF$YH
Pick up some summer reading now that you have a bit of
free time to sit in the sun. Anarchism, cultural studies, history,
literature and poetry, ecology, indigenous studies, biography,
gender studies, for the kids, political and economic theory
and more!

Bike Church
3DFLÀF$YHɅɅ%,.(
http://bikechurch.santacruzhub.org
A community bike shop and tool cooperative. Mechanics
are there to help you learn how to work on your bicycle. We
encourage people to get their hands dirty and familiarize
themselves with this machine that they rely on.

Free Skool Santa Cruz
Calendars distributed widely around Santa Cruz
http://santacruz.freeskool.org
A completely grassroots, collective effort to create an
DXWRQRPRXVPXWXDOɅVXSSRUWQHWZRUN,WLVDGLUHFWFKDOOHQJH
WR LQVWLWXWLRQDO FRQWURO DQG WKH FRPPRGLÀFDWLRQ RI OHDUQLQJ
and how we relate to each other.

*XHULOOD'ULYHɅ,Q
http://www.guerilladrivein.org
An outdoor movie theater under the stars that springs up in
WKHÀHOGVDQGLQGXVWULDOZDVWHODQGV6KRZLQJJUHDWPRYLHV
bringing a broad community together, and reclaiming public
space.

Meristem Health Distro
Zines available at SubRosa and online
http://meristemdistro.blogspot.com
Information to empower ourselves and each other, take our
ZHOOɅEHLQJ DQG KHDOLQJ LQWR RXU RZQ KDQGV DQG ÀQG ZD\V
to minimize our reliance on the western medicine. Topics
include herbalism, medicine making, reproductive health,
women’s health, mental health, emotional support, sexual
health, and more!

Red Root Herbal Collective
redrootherbal@gmail.com
Red Root Herbal Collective is a group of herbalists in training
who provide herbal and nutritional education. They also offer
private herbal consultations.

Computer Kitchen

3DFLÀF$YHKWWSFRPSXWHUNLWFKHQRUJ
Strives to reduce the amount of technology that ends up in
ODQGÀOOVZKLOHSURYLGLQJDVSDFHWRROVDQGDGYLFHIRUSHRSOH
to work on and learn about this technology. Open Wed & Sun. Santa Cruz Solidarity
http://scsolidarity.blogspot.com
The Fábrica
DQHWZRUNRISHRSOHÀJKWLQJDJDLQVWPLVWUHDWPHQWE\ERVVHV
3DFLÀF$YH
and landlords. We take collective action to solve individual
http://thefabrica.wordpress.com
problems such as stolen security deposits and unpaid
A community textile arts cooperative organized by a collective
RYHUWLPH ZDJHVɅ ZH QR ORQJHU KDYH WR IDFH WKHVH LVVXHV
of artists for the purpose of artistic collaboration and creative
alone! Come learn about ways that you can take action to get
reuse. A space to work on projects or learn to sew, knit, etc.
what you need!

)UHH5DGLR6DQWD&UX]Ʌ)0
)0ɅɅ
http://www.freakradio.org
On the air since 1995 without a license, broadcasting 24
KRXUV D GD\  GD\V D ZHHN  GD\V D \HDU LQ GHÀDQFH
of federal regulations. Broadcasting programs unavailable on
corporate controlled stations.

SubRosa: a community space
3DFLÀF$YH
http://subrosaproject.org
An anarchist and radical space offering anarchist books and
literature, local gourmet coffee, shows and a weekly open mic,
gallery art by emerging local artists, and a garden courtyard
social space. It also hosts the Anarchist Lending Library, free
computers, and many free skool classes.

Union of Benevolent Electrical Workers
http://ubew.org
Creating technical infrastructure for both the local radical
community and a wider community of radicals and activists.
8%(: SURYLGHV PXWXDO VXSSRUW WR DQWLɅDXWKRULWDULDQ
groups making radical social change through direct action,
community involvement, and education. Women and geeks
of color welcome.

Brazen Square Dancing in the streets

58

Of course there is much more going on around
town than this short list encompasses. Keep your eyes and
ears open; talk to others (word of mouth is the best way to
ÀQGRXWZKDWҋVJRLQJRQ DQGORRNIRUÁ\HUVDURXQGWRZQ D
great DIY way to spread the word). Let’s joyfully tear down
the world around us and create something wonderful in its
place.

Downtown

Homelessness
& City Ordinances
Once you leave campus and enter the city of
Santa Cruz, there’s an entirely new set of rules and
regulations to be aware of. If you’re walking out of
8UEDQ 2XWÀWWHUV LQ ÁDVK\ DSSDUHO FDUU\LQJ D SXUVH
or sporting a back pocket full of cash, you probably
don’t have much to worry about. But, if you happen
WRGRQDVFUXIÀHUORRNSROLFHZLOOXVHWKHDERYHODZV
to keep you out of the downtown area. These laws
are designed for the persecution of individuals without
WKH ÀQDQFLDO PHDQV IRU KRXVLQJ WKRVH OD]\ FUD]\
homeless people!
Technically, these regulations are supposed
to be for everyone, which would make public space
uninhabitable. They are designed to keep people
moving, providing no free place to sit and take a much
needed break, unless of course you have a recently
purchased cup of coffee in your hand, or a large
shopping bag full of new shoes.

This trend of criminalizing the poor terrorizes
a fragile population and promotes an atmosphere
of hostility, a sense of unease. The city’s extensive
police force may imply a concern for safety, but its
ODZHQIRUFHPHQWSULRULWLHVUHÁHFWDVWURQJHUFRQFHUQ
for the property rights of downtown businesses than
for the well-being of the members of our town’s lowest
economic strata. The reality is that homeless people
reduce tourism, and that just can’t be tolerated by
WKRVHZKRVHSULRULW\LVDSURÀWPDUJLQ
Witnesses and photographs of police harrassment
can make a report to HUFF
(423-HUFF). To get a history of local police visit
www.huffsantacruz.org.
DOWNTOWN LAW!!!
*Do not sit on the sidewalk, you can be ticketed if:
‡<RXDUHDWD%XV6WRS
‡:LWKLQ)HHWRI$1<EXLOGLQJ
‡:LWKLQIHHWRIDQ$70 RUDQ\RWKHURXWGRRU
coin/ money machine);
‡:LWKLQIHHWRIDQ\IHQFHWKDWDEXWVDSXEOLF
sidewalk;
‡:LWKLQIHHWRIDQ\GULQNLQJIRXQWDLQSXEOLF
telephone, public bench, public trash compactors,
info or directory/map signs, sculpture or artwork
displayed in public property, or vending cart;
‡:LWKLQIHHWRIDQ\VWUHHWFRUQHURULQWHUVHFWLRQ
‡:LWKLQIHHWRIDQ\NLRVN
*Do not sit on any public bench for longer than 1
hour;
*Do not sleep in the car or in the park;
*Do not walk a dog downtown;
*Do not politically table or street perform in
designated areas for longer than an hour;

59

Student Organizations

committed to the liberation of nuestra raza’s minds, bodies,
and souls through educational, economic, and political
empowerment.M.E.Ch.A. was founded on the principles
of self-determination for the liberation of our people. We
These are some important student organizations believe that political involvement and education is the
here at UCSC. However, the complete list of all the avenue for change in our society. In the time of the new
valuable, radical and empowering organizations is much sun, los estudiantes of MEChA, los guerreros/as in other
ORQJHUWKDQWKLV,WҋVHDV\WRÀQGZRQGHUIXOSHRSOHLQ6DQWD places, and la gente all over the world are here to claim
our voices and our rights as humankind. Por la raza, habla
Cruz to organize and hang out with.
el espiritu.

Student Worker Coalition for Justice (SWCJ)
is composed of students, campus workers, and
organizers from the various unions on campus (see p.x).
The purpose of the org is to build student awareness
of labor issues on campus and to foster student-worker
solidarity within the . SWJC is a non-hierarchical collective,
meaning there are no permanent leadership positions
and everyone has an equal voice in the decision-making
process. Historically it has been an invaluable resource
for the labor movement at UCSC, and new members are
always welcome!

TWANAS
has a 30 year history of being a collective student
of color publication at UCC. We believe that TWANAS s
valuable and necessary because it provides a voice for
UCSC students of color, which can give strength to teach
the communities represented. In order for TWANAS
to truly represent UCSC students of color, we need the
participation of every community of color at UCSC. If you
share our vision for collective action, we invite you to join
us. Send us your articles, photos, artwork and poetry!
to submit content and learn how to get involved:
TWANASPRESS@GMAIL.COM

Movimiento Estudantil Chicana/o de Aztlan (MEChA)
The Chicano Movement of the late 1960’s helped
spark cultural and historical pride in our people. Chicanas/
Chicanos demanded to be treated as equals and
denounced acculturation and assimilation. Brown pride
began to express itself through poetry, literature, art and
theatre.
The contributions of the Chicano Movement are
numerous and continue to be very valuable to our society.
M. E.Ch.A was established at the Denver Youth conference
in 1969 by student organizations(such as UMAS &MAYO)
that came together to create one organization that would
work towards the self-determination of our gente.
Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán
(M.E.Ch.A.) is a student organization that promotes higher
education, cultura, and historia. MEChA de UCSC is

60

Students Informing Now (SIN)
Our mission is to help promote higher education
particularly in support of marginalized students, especially,
but not limited to, AB540 students. We aspire to develop
a safe environment and network where students don’t
have to be afraid to ask questions about their educational
circumstances. By working collectively with the community,
we aim to empower and inform, consequently bringing voice
to those that are unjustly silenced. We aim to achieve these
ambitions by employing popular education methodology;
everything done without shame... SIN Vergüenza!
Vision:
‡ One-day there will be equal opportunities in
education.
‡ Education will be free of charge.
‡ Eliminate barriers that restrict higher education to
the economically and socially privileged.
‡ Advocate for a just immigration reform.
‡ Eliminate all forms of oppression
‡ Maintain S.I.N.’s legacy long after founding
members have graduated.
www.StudentsInformingNow.org

The International Socialist Organization (ISO)
The ISO is committed to building an organization
that participates in the struggles for justice and liberation
today--and, ultimately, for a future socialist society. The
ISO’s members are involved in helping to build a number
of struggles: the movement to stop war and occupation,
ÀJKWV DJDLQVW UDFLVP DQG DQWLLPPLJUDQW VFDSHJRDWLQJ
the struggle for women’s rights like the right to choose
abortion, opposing homophobia, and standing up for
workers’ rights.
A world free of exploitation--socialism--is not only
SRVVLEOH EXW ZRUWK ÀJKWLQJ IRU 7KH ,62 VWDQGV LQ WKH
tradition of revolutionary socialists Karl Marx, V.I. Lenin
and Leon Trotsky in the belief that workers themselves-the vast majority of the population--are the only force
WKDWFDQOHDGWKHÀJKWWRZLQDVRFLDOLVWVRFLHW\6RFLDOLVP
can’t be brought about from above, but has to be won by

Resources

workers themselves.
We see our task as building an independent
socialist organization with members organizing in our
workplaces, our schools and our neighborhoods to bring
socialist ideas to the struggles we are involved in today,
and the vision of a socialist world in the future.
SocialistWorker.org; WeAreMany.org
iso.santacruz@gmail.com

The Committee For Justice in Palestine (CJP)
CJP is a SOAR sponsored student organization.
Our mission is to bring attention to the lifestyles of
the indigenous Palestinian population currently under
occupation. This ranges from setting up events celebrating
Palestinian culture to raising awareness of the political
FRQÁLFWLQWKHUHJLRQ:HGRWKLVE\EULQJLQJLQDFDGHPLFV
and public speakers, and by holding music and cultural
events. As a group we do not take a position on a solution
WRWKHFRQÁLFWDQGZHKRVWDYDULHW\RIVSHDNHUVZKRKROG
many different opinions.
Our goal is to spread awareness and to shed light
on the Palestinian struggle. You do not have to be fully
informed about the issue to join; as long as you have an
interest in civil rights and a willingness to learn, you are
welcome! FREE PALESTINE!

Radical/ Empowering Organizations cont.
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡

‡

The (GLBTIQ) Network
SFL (Slugs for Liberty)
CLIT Collective
Sister Solidarity
SO (Socialist Organizer)
Student Environmental Center
Blender (Student Run Trans Support Group)
Kinetic Poetics Project (KPP)
Olive Tree Initiative (OTI)
Rainbow Theater
Rainbow TV
Sex Positive Autonomous Coalition for Environmental
Sustainability (SPACES)

Los Guerrilla Gatitos

8QRIÀFLDO7HPSRUDU\2UJDQL]DWLRQV
Some of the most radical and effective student
activism in recent years has been organized by groups
of students that decided to act outside the institutionally
recognized channels. The UC-wide 32% fee increase
that was imposed in November 2009 was met with waves
of building occupations and strikes, coordinated in large
SDUWE\VWXGHQWVZLWKQRDIÀOLDWLRQWRRIÀFLDORUJDQL]DWLRQV
These actions had far-reaching effects: statistics released
last year by the Public Policy Institute of California showed

61

that 74% of residents say the state does not provide
enough money for colleges and universities, up 17 points
from October 2007 (Baldassare, 2010).
It should be noted that the actions that inspired
that value shift among voters were not supported by UC
administration, and the resources that made those actions
possible were mostly provided by students themselves.
2IÀFLDO RUJDQL]DWLRQV FDQ SURYLGH VWXGHQW DFWLYLVWV ZLWK
YDOXDEOHUHVRXUFHVEXWWKHUHDUHVLJQLÀFDQWOLPLWDWLRQVRQ
how those resources can be used. Direct action organizing
generally requires that students network and act outside
the channels provided by the university. Within or without
“the system”, GET INVOLVED!

Other Wonderful Resources:
SOAR (Student Organization Advising &
Resources) <soar.ucsc.edu> - SOAR is an umbrella
organization for most student orgs at UCSC. For a full list
of UCSC student orgs, or to form a new organization, visit
their website.
Student Media - SM is an umbrella organization
for all student media organizations at UCSC: everything
from City on a Hill Press to Banana Slug News to the
Disorientation Guide. Funding for student publications is
allocated by Student Media Council, which is made up of
representatives of all student media orgs that want to be in
attendance.

Resource Centers
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡
‡

El Centro (Chicano Latino Resource Center) <www2.
ucsc.edu/raza>
AARCC (African American Resource & Cultural
Center) <www2.ucsc.edu/aasl>
AIRC (American Indian Resource Center) <www2.
ucsc.edu/airc>
AA/PIRC (Asian America/Pacifc Islander Resource
Center) <www2.ucsc.edu/aapirc>
Women’s Center <www2.ucsc.edu/wmcenter>
Lionel Cantú LGBTI Resource Center <www.queer.
ucsc.edu>
ABSA (African/Black Student Alliance)
APISA (Asian/Pacifc Islander Student Alliance)
FSA (Filipino Student Association)
SANAI (Student Aliance of North American Indians)
MESH (Mixed Ethnicities Student Headquarters)
MIRA (Movement for Immigrant Rights Alliance)

Recommendations
Professors who are badasses (take classes from them if
you ever get the chance):
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62

The Coming Insurrection, The Invisible Committee
The Kite Runner, Khaled Hosseini
The Monkey-Wrench Gang, Edward Abbey

Informative Pamphlets/Zines
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Andrew Matthews (ANTH)
Carolyn Martin Shaw (ANTH)
Alan Richards (ENVS)
Jeff Bury (ENVS)
Steve Gliessman (ENVS)
Bettina Aptheker (FMST)
Gina Dent (FMST)
Stewart Cooper (KRSG)
Flora Lu (LALS)
James McCloskey (LING)
Gary Young (LIT)
Jody Green (LIT)
Bob Meister (POLI)
Eva Bertram (POLI)
Megan Thomas (POLI)
Nameera Akhtar (PSYC)
Regina Langhout (PSYC)
Travis Seymour (PSYC)
Aida Hurtado (PSYC)
Craig Haney (PSYC)
Danny Scheie (THEA)
David Lau (LIT)
Gopal Balakrishnan (HISC)
Debbie Gould (SOCY)
David Brundage (CMMU)
Andrea Steiner (CMMU)
Anjali Arondekar (FMST)

A Day Mournful and Overcast, Iron Column
Bananarchy
Civilization Will Eat Itself
Communique From An Absent Future

Music that some of us like, which may or may not have a
political message:
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Books (not that you want extra reading, but these are
some good ones):
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A Thousand Plateaux, Deleuze & Guattari
An Introduction to Civil War, Tiqqun
Anarchism and Other Essays, Emma Goldman
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, Dee Brown
Brave New World, Aldous Huxley
Caliban and the Witch, Silvia Federici
Chomsky On Anarchism, Noam Chomsky
Conquest of Bread, Peter Kropotkin
Eyes of the Heart, Jean Bertrand Aristide
How Nonviolence Protects the State, Peter
Gelderloos
Our Bodies Ourselves, The Boston Women’s
Health Book Collective
Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paolo Freire
V for Vendetta, Alan Moore
Society of the Spectacle, Guy Debord
Sweetness and Power, Sidney Mintz
The Art of Loving, Erich Fromm

Blackbird Raum
Birdeatsbaby
Blue Scholars
Brother Ali
Bob Dylan
Dead Prez
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Lupe Fiasco
Manu Chao
M.I.A
Minor Threat
Rage Against the Machine
Saul Williams
The Coup
The Welfare Poets
Victor Jara
Zion I
Vagabond Opera

Movies that you should watch because they will take
your mind and fuck it:
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AKIRA
Berkeley in the 60’s
Brother From Another Planet
Capitalism, A Love Story
Der Baader-Meinhof Komplex
El Norte
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind
Fight Club
King Corn
La Haine
Lal Salaam
Libertarias
Life Is Beautiful
Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind
Salt of the Earth
Sin Nombre
The Corporation
The Edukators
The Great Dictator

Resources

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The Legend of Bhagat Singh
The Trial
Tout Va Bien
Y Tu Mama Tambien

Websites with more information than you even want to
see
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http://theyesmen.org/
http://crimethinc.com/
http://anarchistnews.org/
http://zinelibrary.info/
http://occupyCA.wordpress.com/
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http://anti-politics.net/distro/
http://blackpowderpress.com/
http://www.ruckus.org/
http://reclaimuc.blogspot.com/

Dedications
Special thanks to:
Susan Watrous
Tere Alaniz
Wes Modes
Subrosa
Aaron Dankman
Bradley Stuart (for photographs)
and our Financiers

Poetry
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Pablo Neruda
Oriah
Kinetic Poetics (UCSC slam poetry team)
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63

Know Your Rights
& Resist the Police State

This government’s system of laws exists to maintain the
dominance of those in power, and the police are its armed enforcers. If you doubt this, look at who are selectively targeted
by local laws: people who are homeless, young, poor, black or
brown, dissenters. On a global scale, look at who dies and who
gets rich from our wars and other man-made disasters. For 250
years in this country, the government and their enforcers have
consistently fought against people working for liberation: indigenous resistance, land reformers, slave revolts, abolitionists,
labor organizers and workers, free-speech advocates, women’s
and civil rights workers, anti-war and anti-globalization protesters, and recently, animal rights and environmental activists.
Your relationship with the police is at heart adversarial.
While there may be cops with hearts of gold, the job of all police
is to arrest and prosecute you. As such, it is almost never in your
best interest to cooperate with the police.
Keeping yourself safe and resisting the police state
comes down to these simple principles:
1) Non-cooperation: If you talk with the police, you willl likely
unintentionally hurt yourself, your friends, or others.
2) Do not consent to searches: Never give law enforcement
the okay to examine your pockets, car, backpack, or home.
3) Remain silent: Use the magic words and then stay silent.
4) Talk to a lawyer: Never take advice from the police, they
may try to trick and mislead you.
5) Use trust and intuition: Without being paranoid, work only
with people with whom you have a history of trust.
6) Mutual Support: Support those who are dealing with cops
and courts. Don’t leave people isolated - show strength in
numbers.

Use the Magic Words
If you are detained or arrested, use the magic words:
“I’m going to remain silent. I would like to see a lawyer.”
Do not talk to police. Wait to talk to a lawyer who is representing you. Even casual small talk can come back to haunt
you. Anything you say can, and will, be used against you.
Cops have numerous tricks to get you to talk. They
can and do use fear, solitude, isolation, lies, advice, playing
you against others, and even kindness to get you to cooperate.
Don’t be fooled. If you need to say anything, repeat the magic
words.
Keep in mind the credo: If no one talks, everyone walks.
5HJDUGOHVVRIZKDW\RXDUHWROGE\DQLQYHVWLJDWLQJRIÀFHU\RX
have nothing to gain by talking to the police... and everything to
lose.

3ROLFHRIÀFHUVZLOORIWHQWHOO\RXWKDW\RXUFRRSHUDWLRQ
will make things easier for you, and many people hope to be let
off easy if they are honest and direct with the police. The only
WKLQJLWPDNHVHDVLHULVWKHRIÀFHUҋVMRE 'RQRWOHWWKHWKUHDWRI
arrest scare you into admitting guilt. Better to spend a night in
jail, than years in prison. Ask to speak with a lawyer, and remain
silent.

Refuse to Consent to Searches


2IÀFHUV VHHNLQJ HYLGHQFH ZLOO RIWHQ WU\ WR JHW \RX WR
allow them to search your belongings, your car, or your home.
Refuse to consent to a search, with the phrase:
“I do not consent to a search.”
Usually, a search request will come in the form of an
ambiguous statement, such as, “I’m going to ask you to empty
your pockets.” Answer such requests unambiguously. Repeat
as many times as necessary. You are under no obligation to alORZDVHDUFK7KHRQO\UHDVRQDQRIÀFHUDVNV\RXUSHUPLVVLRQ
is because he doesn’t have enough evidence to search without
your consent.
Always keep any private items that you don’t want others to see out of sight. Legally speaking, police do not need
Rights During a Police Encounter
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In a police encounter these rules will help protect your SODLQYLHZ3ROLFHRIÀFHUVDUHQRWUHTXLUHGWRLQIRUP\RXRI\RXU
civil rights and improve your chances of driving or walking away ULJKWV EHIRUH DVNLQJ \RX WR FRQVHQW WR D VHDUFK ,I WKH RIÀFHU
safely. From here on out, we are talking about your “rights” searches you in spite of your objection, do not physically resist.
guaranteed by law. Though in our view, what you can do and Your attorney can argue to have evidence thrown out of court.
what you can do legally are two different things. Hopefully, these
You are not obligated to identify yourself (except when
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these rights also apply to minors and non-citizens.

Stay Cool & Politely Assertive
Police are well armed and often unpredictable, so remaining cool and calm will keep you safe. Treat them with the
caution with which you would treat any dangerous, unpredictable, armed person.
Be polite and yet assertive to ensure that your rights
DUHQҋWWUDPSOHGRQ6RPHRIÀFHUVPD\FRPHRQKHDY\LI\RXDUH
not absolutely submissive, but standing up for your rights will
keep you safe in the long run, in court when it really matters.

Determine Whether You Can Leave
You don’t have to talk to the police. As soon as an ofÀFHUDSSURDFKHV\RXDVNWKHRIÀFHU´$P,IUHHWRJR"µ,I\RX
JHWDQDQVZHURWKHUWKDQDGHÀQLWLYH´1RµJDWKHU\RXUVWXIIDQG
leave without another word. You have the right to end an enFRXQWHU ZLWK D SROLFH RIÀFHU XQOHVV \RX DUH EHLQJ GHWDLQHG RU
arrested. Don’t waste time trying to determine your status. Test
whether you are free to go, and then go. If you aren’t free to go,
WKHRIÀFHUZLOOPDNHLWSHUIHFWO\FOHDU

Where to Go For More Help
If you feel your rights are being violated, hold tight until
you can talk to a lawyer. If you don’t have your own lawyer the
court will appoint the public defender to defend you. For more
information about your rights, law education, and what to do if
your rights were violated, check out:
Bay Area Legal Resource Network Midnight Special
Law Collective National Lawyers Guild ACLU of Northern California
legal.resource.network@gmail.com
midnightspecial.net
www.nlg.org/sf 415-285-5067
www.aclunc.org 415-621-2493
There may also be legal help in your community that
ZLOOVSHFLÀFDOO\KHOS\RXLI\RXDUHDVHQLRUORZLQFRPHKRPHless, or an non-citizen. Ask around in your community.
For more copies of this handbill, or to send corrections, email
freeskoolsc@riseup.net

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