Disorientation Guide 2007-08 (UC Santa Cruz)

Item

Current View

Title

Disorientation Guide 2007-08 (UC Santa Cruz)

Date

2007

Place

Santa Cruz, California

Source

https://issuu.com/dis-orientation/docs/ucsc-dog-2007-2008

extracted text

So, Ws is the DisorientationGuide. What'sit all about,
and whydoesit nowoccupyyourhand, fioor,bookshelf,or closet?
Well,that is an excellentquestion,so beforeyou start usingthe
guideas a coaster,let's try to get someanswers.
. The DisorientationGuidewas creawd by a small collectiveof folks. It has been
producedfor the past 5 years, althoughit first hit the scene in 1977, 1982, and
• 1984. DisorientationGuideshave also emergedat UCSB
, UCD,UCBerkeley,
MIT, Yale, U of Texasat Austin, and manyother campusesacross the nation.

Weare trying to write and share oar ownhistory of the university.

In other words, this is an introductionto the side of this schoolthat you might
have heard about but won't find in your glossyorientation mawrials. The guide
is important to us because we realize that there are many difficult issues and
challengesfacing new UCSCstudents and we'd like to offer someinformationand
inspiration. Afwr all, we have experienced(and continueto experience)these
same things. This guideis designedas a resource, lubricant,and catalyst for you
as youdiscoverand get involvedin the creative, radical communitiesand projects
that thrive here in Santa Cruz.

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Hereare somethingsyou mightwant to keep in mindwhileyou read:
- Don't feel overwhelmed
. The guideis not meant to be read straight through.
There is simplytoo muchin it to be able to processone article afwr another.
Takeyour time, flip to a section that soundsgood, and really think abom it
for a few hours, days, or as longas it takes beforestarting another.
- Theguideis not necessarilyin the correct order becausethere isn't one.
Honeof the issues discussedare self-contained.Ideas, problems,and philosophies all overlap.
- This is in no waya complewpublicationabout the UCsyswm or anything
else we discuss. It is simplypart of a muchlarger bodyof thoughtsand ideas.

2

t!Jiill<tIIDJOl~

Theory and Practice

Santa Cruz History

62 The Case for Socialism
64 On Violence
65 Bethinking Revolution

6 Local Histories
7 The Hordean Ohlone Once Lived Here

Introduction

to the University

9 Development at UCSC
13 A Political History of Academics at UCSC
14 More is Less
16 Who Rules the University
19 The Military-Industrial-Academic
Complex
20 UC and the Atomic Bomb

Reference
66 Recommended
69Glossary

Beading

Activism at UCSC
22
23
26
29
30
31
33
34
3S

Counter Recruitment
Iraq Veterans Against the War
The Case for Ethnic Studies at UCSC
Engaging Education
Ethnic Studies Community Letter
Defend Alettel
Tent University
Victory for UC Sweatfree Campaign
Labor Organizing at UCSC

Gender and Sexuality
38
41
42
43
44

Radical, Safe Sex
Abortion Resources
Feminism for Everybody
Redefining Gender
Heterosexual Questionnaire

Undoing Racism
45 Unpacking White Privilege
46 Tools for White Guys
47 What is White Supremacy?

Labor, Immigration,
Corporatization
49
52
57
60

Checklist

and

Immigration Breakdown
Guide to the Global Economy
Sustainable Food Systems
Corporate Media v. Indymedia

2007 Disorientation

Guide

3

Despitethe fa~adeof UCSCbeinga havenfor hippies
and radicalpolitics, it is simplyanotherca1npusin the 1nost
profitable institutionin the state, the Universityof California. Sure,the con1munity
hasa culturethatis morepolitically
alignedto the left. HueyP Newton, co-founderof the Black
PantherParty, receivedhis Ph. D here in 1974. AngelaDavis, also a leadingBlackradical, is a professorin the Histo1y
of Consciousnessdepartment SantaCruz itself is officially
a nuclear-freeand anti-deathpenaltycity, with a local Congress1nan
, JohnLaird, whois openlygay, andcitycouncihnan
MikeRotkinis a self-proclai1ned
com1nunist

testorsat de1nonstrations
is com1nonp
lace. In October2006
AletteKendrickwas raciallytargetedby policeat a protest
againsttheUCRegents. Duringa scufflebetweenpoliceand
demonstratorsnu1nerousofficersswar1nedAletteand physically draggedher by her anns into the Hu1nanitiesLecture
Hall. vVhenstudentstried to preventher apprehension1nany
werehit withbillyclubs and dousedwithpepperspray.

The authoritiesharass tl1ose presentat protestsand
de1nonstrations
becausethere is a growingmove1nentfor
socialjustice at UC SantaCruz. StudentsAgainstvVarhas
successfully1nadethe campus1nilitaJyrecruiterfreeforiliree
Concurrently
, thistownandthiscampusarebattlefields years. Unions,especiallyAFSCME3299representingcusfor socialjustice. In the stnn1nerof 2006,107 i1n1nigrants todians,dininghall
wereroundedup bythe governmentanddeportedwithoutany workers, and more,
due process. Racistharassmentand attacksare beco1ninga have flexed their
regularoccurrencerangingfromthe spraypaintingof Swasti- musclesby forcing
kas at StevensonCollegeto the physicalassaultof politically union r cognition
activeArab and Muslitnstudents. Policeharass1nent
of pro- in the dininghalls,
11111111111111
I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Ill,. striking for.a better contract, and
recently "'!Inning
raises for ca1npus
At the Universityof California.§ janitors. MIRA, •
Do you dream of
Mo'vlement
for I1n-~
~======~
selling your time to a
migrants Rights
corporation in ordeJ
Alliance, has organizedthree 1najorde1nonstrations
, which
to buy things that will' = have 1nobilizedhundredsof studentsand communityme1n. /_
bers, with May Day 2006bringingover 5,000to a convermakeyouhappyon,yoo
~
gencein downtownSantaCruz.
1

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days off? Here at ~. e-;=
Universityof F,aliforn
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we have ~eveloP.
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an
AsseQ\bly-Li
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educational
mo~ I
that allows us to
11:;;i;;;;;;;:_;;;;;;;;::;;;;;;===.!I
indoctrinate studentJ
more efficiently than
everbefore.Weareyourfast trackto
economicproductivity
andstatus!

=
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4

Changesare takingplaceall overthe worldand Santa
Cruz playsa role in the process. Morei1nportantly
, you are
a part of the process. Youcan and do effectand changeour
society.
Whileit is easyfor cynicsto dis1nissactivismon and
off campusas "irrelevant,
" a "fad," "ineffective," or, such
clai1nslack depthand vision. Activis111
is a necessity.Getting wrappedup in our lives as studentsat this University
can give us tunnel-vision: we 1nustdo well in school becauseif we do not we will not get a goodjob, lack of healthcare will 100111
over our heads, and we will work ourselves

to deathbeforereachingany hopeof retiring. In otherwords,
we must shut our mouths, pass classes, and there 1nightbe
so1nehope thatfinancialand social insecuritywill not plague
us until death.
Fighting back now is necessa1y if we are going
to 1nake another world a reality. While the movement
is small relative to the tasks at hand, if we look at Santa Cruz activism in a national context it is an important element in the resista nce that is
taking place in small pockets all over <-!II=:
the count1y. Our campus is another
fJ □ □,.
front in the fight for social j ustice.

I

With increasing discontent brewing in the
country, there is an incredible opportunity to build
struggle. Pew Research Center polls show that 2/3 of
the count1y disapprove of Bush's handling of the war
in Iraq, 59% of people support a path to citizenship
for undocu1n ented workers , 73 % agree that the rich
are getting richer while the poor are getting poorer.
A Gallup poll shows that 75% of people believe it
is the responsibility of the government to make sure
everyone has healthca re.
What is missing is mass 1nobilization. History
shows us that changes for social j ustice only happen when we make them happen. Demonstrations,
conversatio ns, protests, teachins, debates, meetings, direct action, petitioning, street theatre,
and organizations are needed to
build the world we want to live
-in. So, dive into the guide , get
into the movement, and we
' will be marching right next
to you in the street!
And nol-vthere's 011e
final a11dvery special Welcon,e
to exte nd ...

Even as we send this year's Guide off
to print, the Regents are meeting behind locked doors to decide who will inherit the permanent position of UCSC
Chancel lor from acting Chancellor Blumenthal. Whatever the lucky selectee
has done to earn this noble position
is, we are sure , worthy of our highest
praise and deference. We would like to
dedicate this publication to whomever
the Regents select. WELCOME , NEW
CHANCELLOR, TO UCSC! We intend
to build a most inviting environment for
your arrival. And Good Fucking Luck!

2007 Disorientation

Guide

5

oca



iseories



First the land of the Ohlone, then Spanish, then Mexican, then an
independent California Republic, and finally, part of the United
states, what we call Santa Cru::,has been hon1eto comn1unities
whose stories and struggles are rarely recorded, 1nuchless acknowledged in popular culture. Ele1nentatyschool taught 1nanyof
us about gritty, hard-1.vorkingsettlers and gold n1iners1.vhopushed
westward and eventuallyfo1ged the state of California. Here you
willfind another sto1y,a sto1y of those who weren t white, werent
11
coloni:ers, but lived in the san1earea 1.venoiv call Santa Cru:. Patt- .....- ' ~
ly, 1.vehope to shed light on the racist underpinnings of An1ericas '\ ,,..,...~~~history, reflected on national and local scales. While many ofus
•I 11 ' 1111" \~' :
~•
are son1ewhatfluniliar with the histo1y of racisn1 in the national J ~
context, here 1.veoffer a ve1')
1 condensed account of local history. · f'i"-;;; Rm•!•' , "'"'"
-- ·--..!."O
While this article focuses
largely
on the,rperiod
after
Santal Cru:d
Af .
A


fS t C
d'd ot b
,.
d

z
d

h
,
.
e ncan 1nencan co1n1nun1tyo an a ruz 1 n
eco1ne
fi
d
d
1
11
s
t01
0
1
was oun e , a rno,e etai e
Y J t, e o,. one peop e an
particularly prominent until the post-World War II period. Histocolon1:at1onfollo1.v
s.
rian Phil Reader notes , "Racis1n has always been a basic co1nponent

1~~f!

_ ..

Th

everal i1nmigrant con1munities have lived and suffered under
various degrees of racism and xenophobia since before Santa
Cn1z was founded in 1866. Ainong the 1na,t in1po1tant in early Sa nta Cn1z life was the Chinese population. Chinese inunigrants built
the California rail syste1u (among others) and were an established,
if ruthlessly 1narginalized, pa1t of Santa Cruz since its beginnings.
There were three big waves of anti-Chinese sentiment in Santa Cruz,
- the first in the late 1870 s,the second in 1882, and the third beginning in 1885 . The Santa Cruz Sentinel played a prominent role in
these efforts as well , particularly its publisher , Douglas McPherson
(ancestor of long- tin1e local politician and fo1n1er Califonlia Secretaiy of State Bruce McPherson) , who, in an 1879 Sentinel editorial
referred to Chinese laboreis as ' half-hu1nan , half-devil , rat-eating ,
rag-wearing, law-ignoring, Christian civilization-hating, opiumsmoking , labor-degrading, entrail-sucking Celestials. " Even though
there was such a hateful environn1ent, four Cllinatowns existed in
Santa Cruz - the first as early as 1859 and the last remaining w1til
1955. The Chinese ExchisionAct of 1882 , local anti-Cllinese senti1uent (a county vote in 1879 showed 2450 to 4 agains t the Chinese),
laws taigeting the Chinese (anti-opium laws, and an anti-carryingbaskets-with-poles law), and fires in 1897 and 1894 Jed to the dissolution of the local Chinatowns. The final few residents of the Fron t
Street Chinatown were forced to leave by the 1955 flood and the
subsequent redevelopment efforts , which brought the Long 's Dn1gstore ai1d adjacent n1ovie theater. (Today, the Mtiseum of Art and
His tory is hotised at the McPhe1son Center, a prominent building in
downtown Santa Cruz.)

S

F

ollowing the Chinese Exchision Act of 1882 , increasing numbe1s of Japanese and then Filipino, began to 1nove into Santa
C111zCounty. By 1900 there were aima,t 1,000 Japanese living in
the Monterey Bay area. With the bon1bing of Pearl Harbor in 1941,
Japanese-Americans all over the West Coast were re1noved, 71 % of
who1n were Atuerican citizens . They were sent to a camp in Arizona
called Pa,ton , the laiges t of the camps with 17,000 J apanese-A1uerican internees.

in the socio-econo1nic makeup of this community , but it has been the
1nore visible communities which have bon1 the bn1nt of this mindless prejudice. " Even while white Santa C111zanswere lynching Native Americans and trying to push the Chinese out of town, in 1860
Louden Nelson, an ex-slave, left his entire estate to the children of
S anta Cn1z. A decade later, perhaps in response to this genera;ity, the
tnistees of the school board allowed three African-An1erican students
access to public schools , ignoring a law prohibiting the public education of "African, Oriental, and Indian " students. In 1880, Ja,eph
Sn1allwood Francis graduated with honors fron1 Santa C111zHigh
School - the firstAfricanAmerican to graduate fro1u a "regular " public high school in the state . At the tun1 of the century , as Santa Cn1z
County 's black population started shifting fron1 Watsonville to Santa
Cruz, anti-lynching cnisader Ida B. Wells and her sister Anna (who
also graduated fro1u Santa Cruz High) settled in town.

W

ith the 1914 onset of World War I and the 1916 release of the
Ku Klux Klan-p ro1noting filn1 Birth of a Nation (which sold
out at local theaters), treat1nent of local African A1nericans shifted
ab111ptly. Reader describes a suddenly ha,tile clin1ate: "Bigotry becan1e a policy in 1uany qua1ters as blacks were banned or discriminated against at local hotels , road houses , and inns ... Finding horning
and jobs became an i1npossible task, so 1nany Negro fa1uilies left in
anger and discouragement. "

et all this changed again after World War II , which saw a fresh
influx of black residents to the Wests ide in the area now called
"the circles. " After an all-black Anny unit was stationed at Ligh thouse Point , integration of Santa Cruz could not be undone . Though
many wllite residents disliked the changes, they could do little to stop
it. Btisinesses , for exa1uple, were threatened with a boycott when city
lea ders tried to make certain areas off-limits to the newcomers. Many
n1en fron1 the unit n1oved their fantilies to Santa Cruz, s ti1nulating
the growth of a new African Atnerican community and establishing
the Miss ionary Baptist Church In 1949, the Santa Cruz chapter of
the NAACP was established. The NAACP's campaigns included efforts for fair-hotising laws, low-income housing projects, and local
electoral politics .

Y

n 1945, after years in the ca1nps, Japanese-Americans were finally
ew waves of irm1tigrants continued to come, 1noot notably Latino
allowed to retun1 ho1ne. Many had Ja,t their land and prope 1ty durfanlilies over the past few decades . Xenophobia and racis1u is
ing the wa1: Dtu-ing this period , Gennan and Ital ian Santa Cn1za115
were also affected, although not nearly to the same degree as local s till present in Santa Cn1z, even if the Se ntinel 1nay not tise as direct
Japanese . Sai1ta Cruz's Genoese-Italian fishing co1n1uu1lity(includ- la11guage as its old publisher Douglas McPherson once did When
ing the Stagnaro fan1ily) were forced to live inland on what is now U CSC opened its doors in 1965 , a fresh challenge to centuries-old
Mission Street and preven ted fro1u tl'>ingtheir fishing boats , due to whi te supren1acy and patriarchy was launched, but efforts to 1nake
a bizarre feai· that they would so1nehow collude wit h the ene1uy. Santa C111Za more jtl5t place have always been present - from the
While these communities were fighting for their right to continue Ohlone resistance to the Mission, to Chinese, Japanese , Italian , and
living and working in Santa C111z,the Sentinel continued to sing its Af1ican An1erican effo1ts to organize their co1n1nunities for survival ,
xenophobic tune: 'The U1lited States can take no chances by ttying and much 1nore.
to pick for exclrnion only tha;e aliens who are known enemies. All
This infor1nationlVas all borroived fro1n Josh So1111
enfeld's
aliens originating fron1 countries with which we are at war [should]
thesis: 'An Inco111plete History of Activis1n at the
be ba1med fro1u the defined areas. "

I

N

University of California- Santa Cruz' Fe,ninist Stu.dies2007

6

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An Incomplete Ohlone History

More than 10,000 Native Americans once lived in the coastal region stretching fro111Point Sur to the Monterey Bay. In fact, before the
advance of Spanish colonists, Central Califontla had the 1nost populated con1munity of indigenous peoples anywhere north of Mexico. The
Spaniards who came in search of ' savages' to' civilize,' as well as labor and resources to exploit , arrived (literally) millennia after the original
inhabitants of the area: the Cootanoan, or, Ohl one People. Ohl one is a Miwok Indian word 1neaning "western people," and both Ohl one
and Costanoan refer to a grouping of s1naller tribes in Central Califon1ia who shared a sintllar language. Among the 10,000 Ohlone, there
were about forty different groups, all with their own distinct culture. The Hordean Ohlone of what is known contemporarily as Santa Cruz,
or "Holy Croos," is but one. These grou1l'l inhabited different territo1y, had varying social practices and custo1ns, as well as largely u11ique
languages. Still, it is possible to speak generally about the Ohlones because the groull'l held 1nuch in co1n111011.
The Ohlone attitude toward their environment was characterized by respect. Their
direct and unmediated relationship with their bioregion (and more generally, the eart.h)
was perhaps the foren1ost aspect of Ohlone life that fostered respect for the natural world
Wltlle they too altered the landscape somewhat , their damaging i111pacton other wildlife
Indigenous Land
was 1ni11i1nal
... certainly incomparable to the wreckage caused by industral capitalistn.
Within United States,
Whether fisltlng for sal1no11and sturgeon , &_atheringseeds or brome irass , or collecting
clatns and oysters , basic daily sustenance 01 the Olilone was acltleveo through the direct
1492-1977
use of their bodies interacting with the enviro111ne11t.
Eve1y living and non-living thing
was considered sacred. The earth was not seen as a silnple 1nass of objects or resources
to be exploited, but rather as a vast and intricate network which demanded respect and
awe. This sy1nbiotic interaction between hu1nan and other animal populations with plant
life and each other, in tandem with the intimacy of the social relationshill'l in the groull'l,
!Jegin_to explain the harmony said to have been found in 1nuch of Ohlone life before
1nvas1on.
To further unde1stand the deep bonds within Ohlone society , it is impottant to
recognize that each t1ibe constituted between roughly two or three hundred people. There
was viltually no leaving such a situation unless one was cast out completely Such
ostracization did occur, but it was ve1y rare and reseived only for the greedy or aggressive.
Margolin, author of The Ohlone Way, writes of greed "Acquisition was not an Ohlone's
idea of wealth or security" After a hunt, for example , the hunter would not prepare meat
for ltltnself, but would rather distribute the bounty to family and friends first. For this ,
the hunter would receive adntlration and respect, as well as a kind of insurance that they
would be treated with sintllar trust and benevolence. This is what would be recognized
today as a "gift econo1ny," a 1nethod for the distribution of goods without bureaucracy,
through a network of friends and fatnily. Tltls world of collective security and 111utalaid
was unheard of to Europeans who felt that a strong (i.e. oppressive) govemtnent was the
con1erstone of society.

•••

....

l977

The Mission Period (1697 - 1834)
Upon the arrival of the somber gray-robed ntlssionaties, the first response of the
Ohlone can best be described as fright and awe. The
stability that existed a1nong the Ohl one for centwies was
suddenly shocked into a new reality. A 1ne1nber of the
Portola expedition wrote of the Ohlone reaction to the
Franciscan Monks: "Without knowing what they did,
some ran for their weapom, then shouted and yelled, and
the wo1ne11burst into tears." But this was to be only a
minor hysteria compared to what was to befall the Ohl one
in coining years. When the Missionaries appeared to
intend no hann, the Ohlone treated the new-comers quite
wannly ," bearing gifts of tis h seed cakes, roots, and deer
or ant.elope meat."
At first so1ne people caine voluntarily to the ntlssiotl5,
entranced by the novelty of the 1nissionaries ' dress , their
magic and 1netallurgy, theirsee1ni11g benevolence. Others
were captured through force. The 1nissio11project was
created with the stipulation that the Natives would only
be held captive and forced into cultw·al "assi1nilation " >.;
camps for a petiod of ten years , after which they would
be "weaned away from their life of nakedness, lewdness
and idolatry." Ten years of captivity and torture were just
the beginning for the Ohl one. Their language was crintlnalized, they were forced to pray
like white people, dress like wltlte people, eat like white people, to raise cattle, abandon
traditional native crafts, farm etc.
In the Missiom, Ohlones were baptized without knowledge of the implicatiom of
the ritual. The Spattlsh believed they had title over the Ohlones , could hold them without
co115ent, and deprive thetn of any vestige of freedotn or their previous culture. The
Spattlsh postulated by torture and itnprisorunent these 'heathe115' would be transfonned

2007 Disorientation

Guide

7

fro111"bestias" (beasts) to "gente de razon " (people of reason). If only option, as the elk and antelope had almost entirely disappeared
they attempted escape, soldiers were deployed to recapture the111. These bands of "outlaws" were t hemselves hunted and killed . At
Routine escapees were "whipped, bastinadoed, and shackled, not Mission Dolores in 1850, an old man speaks about his people:
only to punish then1 but to provide an example to the others."

ResistanceAgainst the Mission
So111eOhfones acknowledged that the only way they could
preserve their way of life was through the e111ploy1uentof political
violence, also more favorably known as self-defen.se. Certainly
(much like today) law had little to offer the Ohlone, other tha n to
reinforce their servility to the theocracy of the Mission syste111. As
such, along with the consistent escapes fro111the Mission.s, other
111oreinsur rectio naiy actions were taken by the Ohl one. As an Ohl one
author put it on Indian Canyo11org:

"T!Ley resisted i11.11w11yways. The
restTictions that tlLe Padres seen1ed
to think lvere desirable for t/Leir
neophytes, lvilling or otlLerwise. Sant.a
Cruz. Mission lvas attacked by so111£
i}'/digenous resistance fighters who
lvere pursuing t/Leir rights to life and
liberty."
Phil Laverty wrote of the attack on Mission
Santa Cruz:

"On t!Lenight of Dece,nber 14, 1793,
Mission Santa Cruz. lvas attacked and
partially buTned by 111£111bers
of t/Le
Qui.roste tribe, an Ohlo11£angroup
[just twenty 111iles
north of ,nodern-day
Santa Cruz.]. Based on. all available
infor11Lation,
this occuJ'renceappears to
be t!Lefirst and perhaps t!Leonly direct
attack on a 111ission
building in Central
California during the Spanish era.
Nearly two years of ar11zedresistance
on t!Lepart of 1ne11Lbers
oft/Le Qui.roste
[Ohlone] tribe preceded t!Le attack,
lvhich was probably the first extended
resistance against tlLe Spanish in t!Le
entire San Francisco Bay Area."

Ohlone resistance was on too stnall
a scale however, to 111ake the critical
difference. The only significant threat
in the area, the Quiroote, were defeated
by sheer force in nu111bersand a superior
military apparatm. Another large blow
to the health and morale of the Ohlone ,
were diseases such as influenza, s n1allpox,
syph ilis , 111easles and mumps. These
often were intentionally spread by
Europeans, and were much more devastating to the Ohlone due to
the lack of inununity to such diseases. Death rates at the 1uissiom
soar ed, while birth rates plunuueted. This was pa1tially a result of the
isolation of won1en and n1en into separate facilities (prisons) which
were intended to enforce strict chastity regulatiom. In just so111e
sixty yeaJS, the 1nissionaiy project left the Ohlone peoples ahnoot
con1pletely decimated. Native arts like basket n1aking were all but
entirely forgotten. Native dialects became mixed and muddled, or
were deserted entirely, forcibly replaced with the do1uinant language
of the Span iards. The gift and barter economy that existed for
centuries at least , along with the intricate network of tribal relatiom
and collective responsibilities shared by the Ohlones, had virtually
disappeared.

The Mexican Era and Anglo Advance
After Califo n1ia was ceded to Mexico fro1n Spain in the 1820s,
the struggling Ohlone were jootled into a new but equally disastrous
pooition. The Missiom were turned over to the Mexican state in
1834, and the Ohlone who had survived were now legally free, but
without n1uch of the knowledge or resources necessary to 1nake it
in the n1odern world (if this was something that was desired at all).
Without a 1ueam to sustain theniselves , some Indigenous Califon1iam
beca111eservants to the Spanish, while othe1s fonued wandering bands
who s ubsis ted by hunting cattle, horses and sheep. This was their

8

"I a,n very sad; 111.y
people were once around 11zelike tl1esands
of the slwre- 111.an
y, 111an;y.
T!Leyhave go11£to t!Le11Lou11tainsI
do not co111plain:
the antelopefalls with 111£
arrow. I had a sonI loved hi111..WlLentlLepale-faces ca111£
!Lewent mvay; I kJ/.ow
not where !Leis. I a11ta Christian Indian; I a,n all tlzat is left of
1nypeople. I a111
alone. "
With California's incorporation into the U.S. in 1846 and the
coining of Anglo settlers, extennination became 1nore overt and
publicly acceptable. Indian killing was a favorite pastime , and one
subsidized by the U .S. Govenunent.
The 1850 Act for the Govel1llllent
and Protection of Indians led to looser
protectiom for Native children already
heavi ly exploited as young s laves and
: servants. This act also e1isured that
Indigenous People's were withheld
status as legal peISotis, although
: the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
already oote1isibly secured Indigenous
. Californian's citizenship. WiththeLand
· Clainis Act of 1851, mast remaining
Indigenous land was expropriated for
.- the coining white settlers. Racistn and
•. hatred of Califonlia Indiatis led to the
impoosibility of their receiving fair
tiial, as virtually any white man would
lie for another. The new inhabitants
of Califonlia made their desire clear in
this aiticle fron1 the Yreka Herald in
1853:

"We hope that t!LeGovern111£nt
will
render such aid as will enable tlte
citizens of tlLenortlz to carry on a
lVaJ'of e.xter111ination
1oztilt!Lelast
redskin of these tribes has been
killed. Exter111i1wtion
is no longer
a question of ti111e- t!Le ti111£has
arrived, t!Lework Jws co11unenced
,
and let t!Lefirst 1na11
tl1atsays treaty
or peace be rega1ded as a traitor."
(Yreka Herald, 1853)
Between
1850
and
1870,
indigenous Califonlia11S experienced
perhaps the most bloodyand1uurderous
ti1nes in their history, with s quatte1s
and suppooed ' pioneers ' tracking
and assaulting any Native who could be found In California, the
population of 200,000 - 300,000 California Natives in 1848, was
reduced to 15,238 by 1890. As for the Ohlone, all 40 t1ibes and
ahnost all 10,000 people are gone. The last full-blooded Ohlone died
recently.

The Modern Era
Yet, despite the centuries of torment a11d subjugation, the
Ohlone are not dead One example of a current Ohlone project is
the Indian Canyon Ranch, which serves as an Indigenous cultural
center and ho1ne for Native Americans of 1nany tribal origi1is. Also
hopef ul is Quirina Luna-Costillas, who has studied the Mutsun
Ohlone language extemively, and started a foundation to research
and teac h it to othe1s. Some have revived the art of traditional basket
111aking,storytelling and are writing about various aspects of Ohl one
culture and histo1y. These exan1ples serve as a reminder of a living
culture that has peISevered and as a wake-up call to those of us who
co1isiderthe Ohl one to be deceased As we are clearly not the ri<>htful
inhabitants of this land(tuliess right is defined by superior 1night and
propensity for bn1tality) it would do us well to shed our sense of
entitle1nent to this land where the H ordean Ollione once lived

In the Shadow of the Long Range Development Plan
cen1 for endangered species , including the
Golden Eag le and the Marbled Murrelet,
which have suffered fro1n habitat loss.
Botl1 birds, which nest in large tree stands ,
are not exp,ected to nest in the forest in upper carnpus beeause there are high levels
of hurnan disturbance to the area and becauseTlitlacks trees large enough for nest _.
ing. 1ese second-g raw.th fgrests,grew in
the wake 0f th~ extensi ¾,
e l0g.g_i!!gthat J:ueled the fi1nekiln s 0£ Goweil -~~~
r);;J
dened by develwrnen for eead es, ,1ey
have never recov,ered en~~
u<>
~~ Cmiy~ uppott endangered \VIldfife. fe :~ finds ill
appro_v.riateIo eut. down 1e trees that do
re 1nai n, µ,recisely l>eeause the area has not
~ et haa1ihe chance to fillly recover. Agparently, because ~ es
"se~on6 ~growtl1"
it is excusah! ~ eut therfi '8own. Th is isf
Jlie l0gic of ittte .t~JR!
: Don 't give habitats
u1e charuie to grow ol~l,t1irive and supp01' effdangered S,R.
eG'ies; fhen, justi W
futtner desJfu ction on ille pren11~
tl1at the destruction oT tl1eg ast still
leaves 1~.R:.

By Jono Kinkade

Un iversity's
goven1ance
n1
"
Noted ib. tl1
was the
for
dev
an~

~api
1ngi

~~!i
erst ==:.::,,•0Sfing
tens
r:s
I

rre

A L~e r S_cbem

~f

On top
tfie ,
~ucratie ~ g s1 s .lJll i:,,
~!¥ powerful UC Of
of fl1e President (UCOP)
and the Board of Regents. UCOP was recently larnbasted for poor;
p,erfonnance.
AccordL-

!

2007 Disorientation

Guide

9

student protestors at a Regents meeting noted the severe conflict of interest,
which eventually led to Blu111
' s departure
fro,n the coln any. Bhun is still chair of
the Regents. see : Who Rules the University, pg 161. 1is is yet one s1nall exa,nple
of how l.TCSC, by way of the LRDP , has
become a cash cow for 1nany corporations
and special interests.

UC-govenunent-industry
partnerships
forged throughout Silicon Valley.
Fonner UC J>residentDavid Gardner, who held the job fro,n 1983 to 1992,
and was working to open new campuses
in addition to UC Merced, once ~-aidthat
"13,000 students would have been a better fit for UCSC , given the size of the
co1n1nunity and the rural nature of tl1e
campus."
Rising Demand for Education
"What's 1nagical about 20,000 stt1Wliat, tl1en, is UC to do in meetdents?" Gardner asked a SF 01ro11icle
ing tl1e Master Plan's mandate to take
reporter, continuing to saY.:''I can assure
on tl1e top 12.5% graduating high school
you, tl1e next argument will be for 25,000
students'!It is, after all, incredib1y i111po
rstt1dents."
tant to make the UC accessible to more
TI1e more tl1at is revealed, tl1e
students , especially at a ca1npus as unique
1nore the UC looks like it is functionand 111ajesticas our O\Vll. And what about
ing as a private corporation. It is clear
the potentially valuable scientific research
tl1at our futt1re is being influenced by tl1e
being undertaken , which incl udes UCSC's
profit-driven motives of those standing to
role 111tl1e Hu,nan Ge1101neProject and
benefit fro,n lettin)f1e trees fall and the
tl1e explorations of deep SJ>acethat have
laboratories tower. 1is is about big busirevealed so 1nuch about dark 1natter?
ness. TI1is is about a syste,n that is spinhi a way, tl1eUC is doing whatever
ning out of control.
it can to secure funding as it gets cut fro,n
Stt1dents are taking the bn111tof
state and federal budgets. [See: More Is
fue burden while ecological destn1ction
Less, po 14] The Strategic Acade1nic Plan
continues. Tuition is rapidly increasing,
repeate3ly cites decreasing state funds to
class sizes filling and professors tiring ;
explain away its increasin~ acceptance of
hu,nanities depatilnents are disappearin~
exten1al funds. Yet where oo tl1ese dollars
if tl1ey exist at all, faculty and students or
co,ne fro,n? And who benefits?
color are fleeing or never coining , and soTo 1nany of these questions , at!)'.ancial i!!~@ality is increasing; and, where
swer ,nay be proble,nab.c . Yet, the UC is
the LRDPis especially iuilty, research is
getting ahead of itself , and is continuin~
1natriculating, corporab.ons provide tl1e
witl1outaplan , as ''I11Li~IJtoftl1eLRDP
funding, and as tl1e future is being dedescribes. Meanwhile, uCSC does not
signed in a laboratory, stt1dents are not
know where it will J)Ut 4,500 1nore stubeing tau~ht what it 1neans to be hu111an.
dents or fro,n where the water will co,ne.
Lire , nature, free thought and u11TI1e "public institution " is becomino inderstanding are all becoming obsolete in
creasingly dependent on exten1al fi111d- this technological dreatn. They are no loning, much of which is coining fro111tl1e
ger tl1e prionties of our education. Now,
prestigious universities
enencor, enentec , an t e
all over tl1e country are
An1ong those that hold close relatiomhiµs with the UC, tt1n1ing tl1eir eye toward
Genencor1nc., a subsidiary of Genentech Inc, is of particular science and research. All
interest.
tl1ese issues associated
As UCSC enters into a new era of research-ba<ied programs witl1 tl1e LRDP-corpothat attract exten1al fw1ding, 1nuch of it is being done for the rate power , ecological
benefit of Silicon Valley 's " bio-nano-info tech revolution ," at destruction ,
unde1nothe heart of which is Genencor and the Joint Venture's plans for cratic goven1ance-are
'The Next Silicon Valley". The con1pany ha<ihigh ranlring ex- 111erely s1nall samples
ecutives on boards across Silicon Valley, including the Silicon of 1nuch larger systetnic
Valley Network, on which UCSC Acting ChanceITor Blu1nen- proble1ns in the era of
thal also serves. In a nutshell, this is who is directing research globalization and US
at UCSC and influencing high-level decisiom throughout the hegemony. For UCSC
UC.
stt1dents,
e1nployees,
faculty, and area co1nHere are a few examples of the UC-Genencor relationships:
1nunity 1ne1nbers, it rests
In August 2007, UCSC hired Phil Berman to chair the Bio- in front of our faces in
molecular Engineering Depart1nent of the Jack Baskin School the fonn of the LRDP,
of Engineering. Bennan , who will receive an annual salary of which is serving as a ve$156,000, previously worked for Genentech and VaxGen for neer for private profit.
15 )'ears.
Our education is
Such an addition to the UCSC faculty ,nay become more being privatized. Our
frequent. The 2007 Strategic Academic Plan s t~ests that in future 1s beco1ni1~~ a
the wake of rapidly decreasing state funding,
SC should
comn1odity. TI1e LK.UP
hire faculty with an "entrepreneu rial spirit " that can attract ex- is cutting into the forten 1alfundino.
est and the well-being
Genentech, Genencor's parent con1pany, also ha<i a long of future generations,
histo1y with UC San F1-a11c1Sco--the
two were engaged in a eli1ninati1i,g a diverse
nine-year patent dispute , in which UCSC filed a $400 million habitat or people and
lawsuit for an alleged theft of technology developed and pat- ideas, and in its place ,
ented by the unive1sity. The dn1g of contest, Pro_£ropin, was
bringing in a 1nonoculGenentech's first dnig on the 1narket, and n1ade $2 l:iillion in ture of laboratory-based
sales, giving rise to tlie co1npany's status as a global leader in life.
the industry. The $200 1nillio11that Genentech gave to UCSF
in a settlen1ent see1ned to function 1nore as an 1nvest1nent for
the co1npany.

---•-----•---,i-.,.---,-..--,.PJI~-

10

URS, Perini, and the UC
URS received a $25 n1illio11contract
to build tl1e Los Ala111osNational Laboratories, which was received while 01air111a11
of tl1e Regents, Richard Bhun, was
a principle investor and vice preside nt of
tl1e board. h1 response to student-initiated
pressure, Bhun resigned. URS also held
a $150 1nillio11consti.11ctio11contract for
UCLA's Santa Monica Medical Center,
and has developed nu1nerous otl1er projects for tl1e UC. URS subsidiary, EG&G,
is anotl1er defense contractor tl1at builds
weapons systen1s and unde 1water sonar
syste1ns, "tl1at 1nake a n1easurable differe nce in the world fron1 our asset 111a11age1ne nt capabilities to suppo1ting tl1e
design and develop1nent of new weapons
syste n1s."
h1 October 2005, Perini Co1poration
acquired $700 n1illio11-a-year constI11ction 111anage1
11ent finn Rudo lph & Sletten
for $53 111illio11.
When Bhun was a Regent, tl1eboard hired Rudolph & Sletten to
n1anage and se1ve as the general contractor for a $48 1nillion nano tech laborato ry,
tl1e Molecular Found ry, at tl1e Lawrence
Berkeley National Laboratory. TI1e project went $4 111illio11
over budget During
tl1is ti1ne, Regent Blun1 was ~a principle
investo r in Perini. After tl1e deal, Bhun
diveste d his Perini stock, which broug ht
Bhun substantial profit. Fron1 2001-2005,
Perini and URS receive d a co111bined$1.5
billion in defense contI-acts while Bhun
was on the boards or an investo r.
• http: //lrdp.ucsc.edu /final-draft-lrdp.shtml
• http: //lrdp.ucsc.edu/final-eir.shtml
•http ://svi.ucsc.edu/
• http: //socrates.be rkeley.edu/-schwr tz/
• http: //www.peterbyrne.info/
•http ://p lanning .ucsc.edu /acadplan/docs/
AcadPJan.Mar07.Draft.pdf
• http: //cald isorientation.org/200 7

@fff
11iooo1,
a.loll~~9~0~~

......
.:.r..,u.:mmmrrott

~✓~~

In 1960, the University of California laid out the Master Plan would-be layout of a Iaiger campus, projected enrolhnent figures,
I
for Higher Educa t ion, promising quality, t uition-free education to and certain environ1nental concerns. Yet to some it has beco1ne
all high school graduates. Then UC President Clark Kerr s tated, known as the "no-plat1 plan." Fr o111the city's perspective it is un"We are just now perceiving that the u1J.iveisity's invisible prod- clear whether UCSC will pay for additional housing_ai1d tratISporuct, knowle dge, may be the 1nost powerful single elen1ent in our tation costs aft!lr thousai1ds tnore people arrive. And 1nany of us
culture, affecting the rise and fall of professions and even of social
in tile hu1nailities, social sciences, or arts ask how anyone could
classes, of teg ions and even of natiom. " The Master :glan, which com
,. icier expai1ding given what seen1 to be serious funding issues.
remai1l'>today a 'basic foundation for California higher educatiQp., So why grow-for what, and for whom?
One atl5Wercould be simply, grow because there are 1nore eligiwas to 1nake col~ e available to 100% of the state's high school
graduates regardless of racial or econo1nic background . 'fhe top ble college stuoents. If 12.5% of high school graduates are eligible
33% of high sch0ol graduates would be eligible for a CSU, the for UC: tu1der the Master Plan , and the California population risk,
top 12.5% would be eligible ,f0r UC, while those who had not yet then 111
pre people go to college. The LRDP text cites incFeased de111etcollege standaroo would goto ·com1ntiliity college. Howeve ~ mand for higher education coupled with an increasing population
today
each
of those students pays an increasing amo'unt as reasom fo r growth. So, when 'l he President of the U1J.iversity
of California asked each UC ca1npus to consider the feasibility of
of tuition. So
as the school yearb ~gins for2007-2008,
we
should
ask: What does
acco1n111odatingadditional enrollment growth," UCSC stepped up
it 111eanpracto the plate. Ped1ap;; it 1nakes sense ; co111Darethe amount of e111pty
tically
that
,_,,siJacej hat U e SG_!1as sUFiiOJ1n<4~it with the space in Westwood
..... ...... arE>HticLUCLA
tuition IS 110
longer free?
Al: 0ther atl5j er however re'i}uir~is";\
nalyze how UC aceducaThat
,sw.ires funding versus; how lit choos~ trif pefnd th~t fuirding. Public
tion is increas~ 1jh ding tot' he BC fy.;tem
go~e down ov'e r th,,elast f~w decades
1
1
ingly funded
cfor.~here
~
(he
1none"'has
gE>ne
see 'The Casee for Ethnic Studies,"
~
- ~-,~;
1t/l I J t
'
with
private
tl?g
:ii26~~ '1~\V:~ ¾~ars ~ bu~ cuts..and growing enrolhnent,
rather
than
~~ PJ!iesiHent Robett Dy q~ an . i.t1~t'~ .q~ rnor reached an agreepublic
money?
'..:.,/_· ~
,
" ,- 1nent in 2004 called the
Furthe11nore, what
:d
Compact for Higher
does it 1neai1to us as
....,."'~....\__-> _,..,~ Education. The Coinstudents that knowledge
pact was a conunittnent
is the univeisity 's " invis0 ~he Goven1or's part, to proible product?"
vi de a~ '% to4% increase instate supThese questions seem espeport to the General Fund fro1112005
cially pe1tinent following the recent
trnough 2011 (the 4% increase
approval by the UC Regents of the latest
will take effect beginning this
Long-Range Development Plan (LRDP), which
year). However , the Compact also
seeks to increase tota l enrolhnent on this campus to 19,500
included an agree1nent that President
by 2020--an increase of 4 ,500 students. The ReDynes would increase student fees by
gents unaili111ously approved the Final
an average of 10% from 2005 to 2007 .
Draft LRDP on Septe1nber 21st, ~...
· . twn as J?ynes hailed. the Governor's ".co'.nl
2006 , along with its ac,.,..,.
111iµie,1t" to higher education, he left the 1naJonty
_
of~~e bi\rdf n to private ftlllding (student fees).
.•..L,····
::.,--,..> 1nore'Jp1, s<1
te n1oney co1nes in U1anpublic, publi c.
:.<
reve n,r~ wil\, be ~pint less and less on tu1deigraduate educ a--,
~tioii. Charles 'SchwJrtz, a Professor E1neritm at UC Berkeley;
wrote a repc)lt a,eal~jng a UCOP (Office of the President) figure
1
that estimated the 1c~t
edu.cating a UC student at $~5,810 in
Environn1en2005. He aigued that 111fact this figure does not necessanly repre )
tal Impact Repot t sent the bast of underg taduate education, and that the money spent
' graduate education should be calculated
(EIR). While this arti- on faculty research atid
cle does not seek to label the separately . According ' t@h,is fonnula, the average cost of educat LRDP as either good or bad per se, ing an unde~raduate studen ca111eout to $6,847 for 2005-2006.
it will show that ca111pusgrowth does not And since fe~ in 2005-2006 ·_Veraged $6,817, he found that the
benefit the persons it purpotts to. The LRDP it- acadenlic yea 'fwas covered cb1npletely by student fees. Even if his
self is a 100-page docu111entthat broadly explains the 11u1nberswereh't 100% accurate] it would still shed light on the fact

I
I

1 ·

it':

hf

I

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2007 Disorientation

Guide

11

that public funding is going son1elike holl'iing, traffic, and water, the real people that are afwhere else other than to st udents .
fected are residents and students.
For P rofessor Bob Meister, you
It is i111portantto co1isider that neither the city's interes t in
can sun1 up this proble1n in one word:
fighting univeisity growth, nor the w1iversity's interest in favor
of it, encompasses all student interests. In the grandschen1e of
accountability. Not only is the l.RDP not
a plan , it is essentially a ticket for ca1npus
UC expansion, it is unclear if anyone is fightad1ninistrators to spend 1noney, and to send
ing on the side of undergraduates (though I
HellljCo\TeU
the can1pus expanding however they see fit.
think t hey would all argue they are).
Redwoods
StatePart
Unlike with Schwartz, Meister is less conWhen thinking about the LRDP, I bec••
cerned with separating
lieve it is itnportant not to be disillusioned
by its enonnity , or feel that as the
out faculty research
ltf i!Ad
emo11<A
from
undergraduate
campt~ gets bigger you get pro· Ml!,n!!9m••i
~ ,c~ Acaden1ic Core
education, but rather
portionately sn1aller. \Vhich, it
I'\
,Ca1npus Support
ttuns out, you do. Rather , it is the
wants a concrete plan
for how to filter knowlptu·pose of this aiticle and of the
caH College and Student Housing
edge between faculty
Dis guide in general toren1ind U5
11
Employee Hot~ing
/\
. c•R
research and underof our standards, and to learn to
Pl
Physical Education and Recrea tion
graduate
education.
take less-than-acceptable situPL Protected Landscape
Currently, no one holds
ations and channel them into
.. ~ Campus Na tural Reserve
ad111inistrators
acson1ething positive. To do
111. Site Research and Support
this , all we require is
countable for retun1ing
a little informed decirevenue fro1n incon1ing
HAa Campus Habi tat Reserve
sion-n1aking , a lot of
freslrman back to then1
~11. Campt~ Reduced Land Wild,c lbnro
Sta.tel'arl:
via an academic plan.
creativity, and a whole
Parkillg Facilities
One way to filter
lot of fearlessness. When
I fiist transferred here , I
knowledge
between
t=J Cowell Ranch Historic Disttict
faculty and undergrads
re1ne1nber coining to a
i c,
HM r,a:
ff .........
is through the grad stuprotest agai1ist the miliPl
dents. Yet, take the pertary recn1ite1s where the
centage of graduate students on canipus over
plan was to occupy the
CHL
the years. A111ongn1any other plans that did not 111aterialize,
space around their table,
the 1988 l.RDP pron1ised a 15% grad student population
and in response to their
ll
(the sa1ne pro111iseappears in the cu1Tent l.RDP) , while
anti-gay policies, have
l!.IB
twenty years later the grad students still co1nprise just 9%
sa1ne-sex make out sesof the ca1npus. In the late 90's, instead of investing in grad
s ions t111tilthey left.
students, UCSC was able to fund below-cast co1porate training
It was ve1y brave and
progranis in Sil icon Valley through Unive1sity Extension. The
tenibly creative, and
school now 11111S
a five 111illiondollar lass each year off this deciit worked- last year the resion, as the corporatio11Shave yet to reinvest and return the favor.
cruite1s did not come back (see
There is simply no acade1nic reason to grow, says Meister. But if
"Co unter Recn1it1nent," pg. 22). Standing up to the unive1sity for
the result is more money and the only cast is quality of education,
what you care about is the only way to prevent yourself from bethen hey, why not increase enrollinent?
ing jt~t another fee. Certain goals n1ay feel out of reach , but jt~ t
At the mon1ent, the last thing preven ting canipus growth is a
remember: your successes or failures will only happen through
battle between the canipus officials and the rest of the city. When
the people with whon1 you organize. And at the sanie time have
the fl.1st l.RDP ca1ne in 1963, can1pus officials expected UCSC
fun and n1ake out with each other becat~e wh ver, it's college
to one day reach a total enrollment of 35,000. Since that time
(see "Co1isent," pg. 38).
however , the sanie city that once lobbied for the building of the
ca111pU5now s pends enonnous time and money to t1y and forestall growth. UC technically has no obligation to pay the city for
affects of its growth on hoU5ing, traffic or water, and as a result, the battle has taken the fonn of nun1erous lawsui ts with both
sides suing the other.
In general, the town/gown battle definitely lacks an air of responsibility. Just the lawyer fees fro1n this fight have resulted in
the lass of hundreds of thousands of dollars. These fees affect the
city n1ore than a giant industry like the UC, which can afford to
pay a nominal lawyer expense ($400,000 since 1998) if it means
saving the n1oney they would have to pay the city otherwise. But
,,.
n1ore ilnportantly , as the powers that be play in court with issues

...

A Political
~

History of Academics at UCSC

Me111ory
is a crucialpoliticalsite. The degreeto which lve re111e111ber
OUT historyis the degreeto whichlve can ~
consciouslybuild uponpositive legaciesand rejectpallerns of oppression. Every institutionhas its own history and 111e11wry.
The transitory nann-eoft/,e znliversitycon111un1ity
1nakesit especiallyi1nportant
for us to activelylvorkto keep our historyalive.
This guidetries to do this in.variousways. Thisarticlepresentsa felv di111ensions
of our UCSChistoryand identity,focusing on t/,e
gradualdistortionand deteriorationof its originalvision.
-

.

FROM LIBERALARTS MODELTO RESEARCHUNIVERSI1Y MODEL
UC Santa Cniz was built in 1965 and was intended to be the
experimental liberal a1ts can1ptl5in the UC systen1. As an alternative
to the mega UC can1pusesat Berkeley and La, Angeles, the Santa Cniz
college n1odelissuppa,ed to promote co1nmunitya1nongstudents, allow
for close interactions between faculty and students, and put a pre1nitun
e1nphasison tu1dergraduateeducation Professots who have taught here
for 111any
decades will tell you how drasticallythe leanling ahna.phere
has shifted I1nportantly, they also e1nphasizethat these detrin1ental
changes occurred with sig1lificantstudent and faculty resistance.
Nan-ativeEvaluatioll', were central to the leanling environment
that the fitst adnrinistrato1sat UCSC envisioned Until 1997, nan-ative
evaluations were the 1nainway that students were evaluated on their
acadenlic performance. Narrative Evals were i1nple1nentedboth
to give students a 1noreco111plete
sense of their progress, but also to
give teachets more flexibility in the kinds of work they could assign
through which sn1dentscould be evaluated Narrative Evals, meant to
emphasize the leanling process rather than co1npetitionover grades,
were finnly in place fro1n 1965 tmtil 1993. At tllis ti1ne the idea of
taking on a standardsyste111of grading began to be seriornly di<;ctl<Jsed
Objecto1sto narrative evaluations assertedthat "narratives detract frotn
UCSC's reputation, they encourage less excellent students to apply
here, and they co1npro1nisestudents' success in getting into graduate
and professionalschools or securing jobs." Many students and faculty,
however, did not agree and a substantial nwnber of thetn can1paigned
to keep narrative evaluations as a sig1lificantif not entire pa1t of the
grading system at UCSC. Despite the efforts of these activists, as of
October2000 it was decided to adopt a ''conventionalgrading systen1.''
Students are now only allowed to take 1/4 of their classes on a pass/fail
basis and mtl<Jtbe considered in 'goodacadetnic standing" to do so.
Tllis is jtl<Jtone example of how UCSC has 1noved toward a facto1y
conception of knowledge production where degrees are cranked out
with assembly line efficiency Although UCSC was never a perfect
institution it is 1novingfaither and fatther fro1n a school that ( at least
in theoiy) emphasizes s1nall comtntulities, 1neailingful interactions
with professots, and alteniative 1nodels of education and closer to an
institution that values grai1tsand reseai·chover leai1ling. Tllis change
can be seen in the stniggle over the way resources are allocated between
departments ai1dthe way that the Utlivetsity is choosing to expai1d
The IndividualMajor is anothersn1dent-centeredfean1reof education
that has been gradually left by the wayside. Initially quite popular on
tllis cainptl5,they were designed as a way to let smdents have more of
a say in what they are studying ai1dto let then1work more cla.ely with

faculty 111e1nbe1s
. Now however, 111ai1y
sn1dents are either tu1aware
that they can ct1<Jto1n
tailor a niajor or they are petsuaded that it is too
difficult to do. At this point less than 2% of UCSC sn1dentsgraduate
with individual majots and students mtl<Jtfind three faculty membets to
se1ve on a co11111littee
to ovetsee their progress ai1dto advise the1n(see
page 53 for 1noreinfonnation on how to declare an individual 1najor).
UCSC is rapidly 1novingaway frotn an en1phasison the libetal arts
and tu1dergraduateeducation and towards nattual and applied sciences
ai1dreseai·cl1.Tllis reflects the values of the laiger culture that glorifies
technology, market co1npetition,and war ai1dgives little thought to att,
lite1-attu·e,
connntulity and self-actualization
Becatl<Jethe state of Califonlia has increasingly cut back on the
a1notu1tof fw1dingit allocates for education, tuliversitiessuch as UCSC
are beco1ningincreasingly dependent on outside funding and grai1ts.
Consequentially, this Univetsity mrnt sliape its itnage in a 1na1u1er
att1-activeto the sotu·ces of 111oneyMuch of the 1noney awarded to
Univetsities is in the ai·eaof nattual ai1dapplied sciences becatl<Jethis
is the type of research tliat makes the mast 111011ey
in tllis economy
Institutions give money to depart1nentsand researchets at Univetsities
ai1dthen they cai1sell the outco111es
of the research to other institutions
and co1porations.More and more ftu1dingfor tulivetsity research is
acquired through b1-anchesof the nlilitaiy, the Depart1nentof Defense,
and the private weapons 1nainrfacture1S
they deal with. 1l1e nlilitaiy
lias always been dependent on having the newest teclmologies in order
to fight its battles ai1dthese teclu1ologies are often invented witllin
a U1livetsityatma.phere. It is no coincidence that all of the nuclear
weapons in the U.S. atsenal liave been 1nadewith the science produced
by UC e1nployees(seep. 19-21 to leain about the UC s co1111ections
to
war).
According to Clark Ken; UCSC's 1nentalityof expansion grew out
of co1npetitionbetweenthe variou~UC cainpuses. Although expansion
is necessaiy to so1ne degree, it is also i1nportantto remember tliat in
111ai1y
ways the UC is a btl<Jiness
like ai1yother, and when one loo~ at
what portions of the can1pusare expanding the ma.t (not necessarily
in propo1tionto the interests of students) it often con·elates with the
departments that bring in the ma.t research fw1ding.The current Long
Range Development Plan (see page 9-12) is a living case study in the
redirecting of this ca1npm' ptiorities. The itnportant thing for all of rn
to re1ne1nberis that no changes on tllis catnptl5ai·einevitable- however
1nuchthe Regents like tl<Jto tllink they are. T11eburden, however, is on
tl<Jto oigaruze initiatives to direct our institution in the ways we see it
best benefitinga just society

2007 Disorientation

Guide

13

La.st year, the UC 1nade $786 111illion111orethan it spent. Yet
all we hear about is the "budget crisis." This doesn't sound like a
budget crisis to us. Our university is in crisis, it's true, but the 111ain
issue isn't the budget. The main issues are priorities and power. Our
resources are being extracted. The space we have to live and learn in
is contracting. What all of us really need is as ay in how the university
distributes its vast resources. What we need is den1ocratization .

Contractionis when ouJ'opportunities are narrowed, 01u·vision
slu·1u1k.We are all left with less n1oney,tin1e, education, oppo1tunity
and hope. You're probably nishing to finish reading this guide so
that you can go to work to afford your fees, do homework that will
get inadequate attention fron1 your overworked TA, and crash three
courses.

Extractionis lvhen so111
ething we have is taken al11ay
fro111
us. This is exactly what's happening to those of tis wh
study, work, and live at UCSC. Our wages, our student fees,
our work, our space, our tin1e, and our i111aginationare al
being redistributed upwards . More of tis are going int
severe debt, cranmling into bigger classes, and working
harder, faster, and longer, while getting less financial aid,
fewer student services, shittier educational experiences, and
no chances to advance or n1ake living wages.

~

~u .

:;'·

,1

Extractionmeans:


~ '
."""""
sr-·!"""'

We're told that UCSC has ,w choice but to ,nake these ;;~
cutbacks. So lvh;ydo they have 111oney to give $2.4 1nillion ;
in bonuses to UC executives? Why is there 11
1illio11
s 1nore in
s111plu
s this year than last? A recent neutral study found that
the University's pattern of taking in 1nillions 111or
e than it ~ .
spends is ,wt going to change. Where is the budget crisis? _.,.. -

14

I

'

~~

'

'

.'

\(,.,

,'

'

Our n1oney,labor, and energy aren't being extracted fo
the purpa,es of supporting our education or so that we ca
support our fantilies. Instead, they're being tised to expan
corporate connections to the university (in the nan1e o
"partnership with the private sector') , line the pockets of to
tier ad111inistrato1s
(in the na111e
of"salaries co111petitive
wit
the corporate world'), and double the physical spread of the
ca111pt1S
(in the name of "strategic futures').
Massive fee hikes while classes and progran1S,
like Jou1nalis111,are being cut
• Full professors replaced by adjunct and
ten1poraryfaculty, each teaclling bigger classes
for less pay
• Ctistodia11S
required to clean more buildings in
less time while being de1liedraises
paying workers so little that they qualify for
and need social services for the poor
nt to 111ake
• Taxing UCSC's natural environ111e
way for a gra,sly expanded carnptis that is of
no clear benefit to our city or to UCSC students

. .·,

' I t.' I

,lj
·!

'

'I
' I

Contraction
111eans
crowded
classroo111s,overworked teachers and staff
and indebted students. But contraction als~
affects our field of vision. It narrows our
ser!>eo~what education is for, reducing the
un1vers1ty expenence fro1n an expansive
i1naginative exploration to narrow job
training driven by economic imperatives.
Contraction also nan·ows our sense of
~longing to a co1111l1unity,
reducing us to
ISOiatedconstituencies fighting with each
other for apparently scarce resources. Our
contracted vision keeps us fro1nseeing the
big picture. We have a conm1on problen1:
not scarce resources, but exclusion from
the decision-1naking processes that affect
our lives at UCSC.

Contractionis:
• Students cra1nmedinto 1nore
overcrowded classrooms and with
fewer courses to choose fro1n
• Resources dive1ted away fro111
crucial
outreach and retention programs that
support students of color
• Poorer students in California less able
to attend - or even i111agineattending
- a UC, due to higher fees and less
aid (Sounds like a brilliant 1nilitary
recruiting fonnula to us.)
• Workers stuck in dead-end job,, with
no opportunities to advance or build
decent futures at UCSC
• Wo1ne11and people of color overly
represented in low-wage entry
level se1vice and clerical positions
- contraction ftuther entrenches the
structural racis1nand sexis111that shape
promotional practices
• A nan·owed vision of the educational
experience: students are being trained to
pass scan-tron exams, not educated to
write and think
• Connecting the life of progra1nsto
co1porate "partnership,"which insures
the poverty of programs like philosophy
or women's studies

Whose University?
We share our ideas with you became
the UC ad111inistration
and regents are telling
a different story about what is happenino.
You've probably heard versions of their
story. Well, when the adn1inistration tells us
it can't 1neetvital student and workers needs,
we think it's telling us so111ethingabout its
priorities, not about material realities.

The CflSIS in our ca111pusconununity
is not happening in a vacuwn. What goes
on at UCSC connects with what goes on
in California state politics, which nuist be
w1derstood in national and international
context: perpetual war, global socialization
of lass, privatization of gain, and a
concentration of decision-n1aking powe1:
One way we tackle these bigger contexts is
by organizing where they affect tis - right
here.

• Learn 111ore
. Read fact-finding repo1ts on

the UC budget(seewww.cueunion.or:g).Find
out 111ore
about the links between budget cuts,
rising fees, and declining diversity (http://
ucsa.01:g/inedia/reportsfacts.html). Get the
facts on the low wages and their i111pacton
our co1n1nunity(www.nedlc.or:g).Study the
UC's co1u1
ections to 111ilitaryand corporate
agendas (see www.fiatpax.net and info here
about UC Regents!).
• Talk to people around you about these
issues - on the bus, at work, in the classroo111,
Solutions to the crisis we face begin with in your donn, in the dining hall. Bring your
a democratization of the UC 111anage111entquestions and concenis out and into the open
process. UC is a public institution: publicly everywhere. De111ocracyrarely happe11Swith
owned and publicly accountable. We the official approval.
public de1nand participation in making the • Connect with ca1npus 01ganizations
d~c~ion~ that affect our lives, notably the highlighted in this guide.
distnbut1011
of ourresources. De111ocratizatio11• Participate in actions this quarter. Look
isn't a one-time task. It's an ongoing process around ca1npusfor announce111ents.
of learning, building relationships, raising
questions, and 01:ganizingcollectively.
Producedby the Long Road Collective:Sean
Burns, Chris Dixon, Maia Ranznath, Ja,nes
Here is our invitation: Get involved Rolve, Rebecca Schein, and AJ,exisShotlvell.
in building den1ocratic com111unityon this Contact us at
can1pus!
longroad@graffiti.net.

2007 Disorientation

Guide

15

/.

A Short History of the UC Regents
What is distinctive about the UC (like 1uany other public univer- Charles Reed, a UC Regent from 1868 to 1872 traveled to Califonria
sities) is that wealthy, elite businesSinen have always do1uinated its frotn Vermont where he had been an engineer for the Vermont Cengoverning body. Most private colleges and universities were gov- tral Railroad. He eventually beca1ne a tnan ager of the Califonria
en1ed by clergytnen well into the first decades of the 20th
• • • • • •
Quicksilver Mitring Cotupany, and a 1najor stockholder in
centu1y. Public u1riversities, however, were over•
• • •
• • • the 1nassive Southetn Pacific Railroad (the railroad
seen fro111day one by a group ofn1en with goals • •
~
that built Leland Stanford 's fortune). San1uel
of profit and po\ver , in addition to education

~--\
\
.t-,..;, • •
Merritt, a Regent for the first tlu·ee years
and enlighte1unent. TI1e Regents are, and • •
"";.,/
::;:--.;;;:;.__I"
·
• • of the Uttiversity 's existence, was a dialway s have been , pritnarily concerned •
~
111,,.
..,....
• r'\
• rector of the Bank of Oakland , and a
with the role of the university as an • '/ ~ ~
___
""""'I.CJ:
-......
\.. •
• major real estate developer in San
instrument of econo1nic growth via • r
R __ _
~
• Francisco , Oakland, and Waslringscientific and teclmological de- • ~
liiJ -: =-::::-::::::::--=-=
"T
• ton State .
velop1nent , and the traitring of an :
......__,
~:-~ _:-:-= ~ -::-~
\
~
TI1e UC Regents re1uain
educated workforce. TI1ey act as •
-:;:,,
~ -=~
=-::;_
a board co1nposed mostly of
the leaderslrip for the power elite •
£..,
:.
::::=::,
_::-· :
wealthy busines~1uen, lawyers ,
to detenuine the larger strategic •
~
:. · -:: -_:-_
- - (Th"'--'
• bankers, along witl1 the occasionroles of the university that will •
_..J
=-:_-_-=::.
.=
al educator or civil se1vant. TI1e
se1ve tranS11ational co1porations , •

•- - overall role of tl1e u1riversity has
the 1nilita1y, and the state.

, .. \'
-::-~
• changed little since its founding.
TI1eve1y first UC Regents per- •
,\>""
~~~
Changes in tl1e econo1nic base
sottified the tnajor econo1nic activi- •
....(',
• and leading industties of Califorties of Califor1ria, circa 1868. Nearly • • ~ y
'-..
• nia are reflected in corporations that
all of the1n had acquired interests in •
... /
--r
~
• • the cu1Tent Regents direct , n10~1ly
1uining, fanning , railroads, and ranching • ~ •
-""'•

software, electt·o1rics, media , finance ,
operations after having i1un1igrated to the • •
• •
1nilitary-industtial, and real estate . TI1e
state <hiring and after the fatuous Gold Rush
• • ......,"""'"
current Board of Regents are se1rior level
of 1849 . Most were protninent bankers , law• • • •
• • • •
executives or directors of a total of at least 55
yers , tnerchants , and nrinit1g and real estate tycoons.
• • •
major coiporations and banks .

y •Q

••

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,'V..

.=,

=-:-::::

=

...,_ •

-n. •

...&,...,_Q

= --~

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f 868

16

••







'H
Who Are the Regents?
The Regents of the University of Califo1nia are the govenling
body that oversees the UC syste1n, UC 1uanaged national laboratories, and its ntuuerous other research stations. They are solely
responsible for 1uaking key policy decisions regarding eve1ything
fro111affinuative action to finance and construction. TI1eGoven1or
of California appoints eighteen of the regents for 12-year tenns. TI1e
other seven UC regents are "ex officio" 1ne1ubers. TI1ese are: the
Goven1or, Lieutenant Goven1or,
Speaker of the Assembly, Superintendent of Public Instruction,
JOKM
W.ll!'WiSHAW
president and vice-president of
llCMW LN:a.H
AA't'Rl,!M,~.IIA 171:i:,,
the Alunnli Associations of UC
and the UC president. One regent is always a UC student, appointed by the other regents.
The Regents are today nothing 111orethan a body of co1porate elites and bureaucratic,
teclulical or n1anagerial leaders
whose influence and power is put
to use by shaping policy within the econotuic 1uillthat is the Utliversity of Califon1ia. Many of the Regents have financial stakes in the
operation of the UC either through direct investinents, or through
indirect interest in the operations of the school and the general eco1101nicbenefits it brings to their enterprises (See LRDP Shadow p 9).
Many of the Regents serve on the boards of the largest corporations
in Califonlia and the counhy at large. Most of the futns controlled

by me1ubersof the UC Board of Regents are powerful h·ansnational
co1porationswo1th billions of dollars.
TI1eregents are best understood as the board of directors of the
corporation UC, a cotporation like any other, ,vith an ove1riding
incentive to expand its power, prestige and profits. TI1eUC is also
a locus for activities including research and technology h·ansition,
recruihuent, and education, all of which directly serve the interest of
large fitms, the econotnic elite
who n111the1n, and the 1nilita1yindusti·ial co111plex.
0 101
TI1e Board of Regents is
2007a2op:F4 also a politically contested
body. Republican and Democratic governors tend to stack
,.
Do.1awm,s
the board witl1 political allies
-·..,_..,c::,., ✓
mie....,t➔
-w
when given tl1e chance. Many
of these appointees were major
contributors or close :ftiends
of governors. For instance,
Ward Co1111erly
was appointed
to the board by fotmer Republican Goven1or Pete Wilson. Wilson 's anti-inltnigration senti1uents and conservative perspectives
are well known. Connerly went on to lead the consetvative attack
tl1atprotupted the UC to ch·opits affitmative action policy. For indepth infonnation on diversity in tl1eUC, see tile website of By Any
Means Necessary • http://www. ba11111.
cotu.

2007 Disorientation

Jiiiiillil...,,......

Guide

17

Regent Profiles
"And I'd still

be makin' 25 mil a
year if it weren't for
you pesky kids!"

At the same Regents tneeting eluting ,vhich students exposed Regent Blun1 's conflict of interest over URS and the nuclear labs , Regent Gerald Parsky (the cturent chair) tlu·eatened to have the
student s in attendance removed by force if they continued to speak out against tl1e UC 's tnanage"Why don't you
tnent of nuclear weapon s labs . He gave then1 a poignant ultitnatutn : you student s can only stay
and obsetve the tneeting if you ''remain peaceful." When the students , who had cotne to confront kids just shut the fuck
aggre ssive nuclear build-up , asked in reply: "Wha t' s your definition of 'peace '?"' Parsky clarified :
up, mmkay?"
"Peace n1eans you don ' t speak! "
Perhaps Parsky get s his definition of peace fron1 his ftiends in the Republican Party. Peace and
Security is increasingly defined by the Bush achninistration and its allie s as the severe resttiction of
Gerald L. Parsky
civil tight s, a perpetual war on ten·or, and unprecedented buildups of state mili ta1y forces. Peace -------------111eanswe don ' t speak ; peace 111eanswe stand by while our tmiversity is hijacked to build weapons of inconceivable destructive power.
If Regent Par sky and Presiden t Bush seen1 to share the same definition of peace , tl1at's because they 're close allies . Parsky is Bush 's
111ain111anin Califon1ia. In 2000 and 2004 Parsky chaired George W. Bush 's Califon1ia election cotntnittee . TI1is ptimarily meant that
Parsky wa s responsible for tapping the state 's wealthy republican donors . Par sky rai sed enotn1ou s amounts of tnoney for Bush 's ca111paign
tlu·ough his network of busines s as sociates and fiiends in high place s. Parsky was a Bu sh Pioneer in 2000 and a Bush Ranger in 2004. Tiris
111eans he succes sfully raised $100 ,000 for Bush in 2000 , and $200 ,000 in 2004.
Paul Wachter is Schwarzenegger ' s 111011ey-111an.
Before Schwarzenegger 's nu1 for goven1or the two
were busine ss partners on innumerable deals. Wachter ctUTently tnanages the blind trust into which all
of Schwarzenegger' s inve sttuents
were liquidated when he beca111e
governor. Blind tn1Sts are required
of elected officials to avoid conflicts
of intere st. But given Wachter and
Paul Wachter
Schwarzenegger 's
buddy-buddy
relationship it 's hard to see how Wachter acts as an independent disinterested 111anagerof tl1e goven1or's assets. Schwarzenegger's financial
holdings were briefly and partially disclosed dU11ngthe recall ca111paign
in 2003. They revealed a financial e111pireof tens of millions of dollar s
invested in secU11ties, private equity fiu1ds and over 100 busines s ventures 111an in artner shi with Wachter .

....

I

18

,

I

After years of public scandal, Dynes has resigned as President of the UC. Dynes, it appears,
was a fum believer in the University's n1anage111entof the nuclear weapons labs. He led tlte
University' s decision to pair witlt Bechtel to bid
for a new contract for the management of LANL
in 2005-2006.
1he decision to give Dynes the hehu of tlte
world ' s premier public tuuversity was no doubt
111otivatedby his connections with tlte
UC managed, national nuclear weapons
Robert Dynes
laboratories at Los Alaiuos (LANL ) ai1d
Livenuore (LLNL).1he UC's 1nanage111entroleofLANLhas been
put in question by the Bush achuinistration. Dynes ' appoint:111ent
seemed to be a strategic 111oveon the part of tlte UC to bolster its
ability to keep control of tlte Lab , and prevent LLNL front suffering a similar fate.

1Kril@W□@C!l0@D

W©C?D
R
n


~m[:)
uGmti
brief introduction
r,:;J

U>the

A .
. l
demic complex
military-industna -aca
By Aaron Dan km an

The University of California operates a total of ten ca1npuses which enroll
1nore than 208,000 students annually and
e111ployover 120,000 thousa nd staff and
faculty. It is ai:guably the lllOStprestigious
pt'.blic lll~Versity in the w~rld. But _wI~at is
tlus 1nass1ve conglo111erat1onof buddings,
resources, and peop le? What ends and
whose interests does the UC se1ve?
The UC's current research and <levelop111entpriorities have their roots in what
President Dwight Eisenhower called the
'nli litary-industrial co1nplex.' Soon after World War II, the United States federal government began to tinker with the
Keynesian econonlic mode l Iai:gely associated with Franklin Rooseve lt, sllifting
federa l investinen t focus away fro111civil
works; the new n1odel prioritized private
profit and techno log ies of destruction instead.
Over
ti1ne, a single,
vast
enterprise
caine to do1ninate 111Uversity research
policy
and
funding
nationwide: the conglon 1••
eration of the 1nilitary
and private industry.
This vert ically ordered
01ga11ization persists today and ties
1nost big-budget u11iversities and corporations all the way back to Depa1tment of Defense headqua1ters. U11iversities co1nply in order to maintain
f1111ding,while corporate participation
is 1notivated by profit. As technologies
are refined to the point of profitab ility
they are patented in the p1ivate sector
and produced for 1nilita1y use or sold
back to the public who financed the i11itia l undertaking in the first place . Over
fifty percent of for-profit research and
deve lop1nent conducted in the electronics, computer, aeronautics, metallui:gy,

2007 Disorientation

laser, and telecomn1 unica tio n.s indust1ies
has been done with the public 's 1noney.
Through the centralized coordination
structures that e1nei:ged in the sixties as
well as monopolizatio n of research funding optiom, nlilitaiy interests 111ain
tai n
broad contro l over the total science base
down to its ve1y roots. As writer Brian
Marti n pointed out: ''Military funding
also affects what are thought to be the key
questio ns withi n certain fields, such as certain con1putationa l challenges in the early
days of co1nputers. Tllis affects areas as
divetse as the study of climate, gravitational anoma lies, genetic engineering and
group psychology ."
Tllis "Pentagon Kapi tal ism, "as political econo111istSey1nour Mehnan called it,
pervades all levels of our educational syste111,p1ioritizing death over life and aggres sion over cooperation . As Julian Hu xley,
a British biologist , ren1arked in 1934 , 'If
you are willing to pay for n1ore [peop le]
and 1nore facilities in war researc h than,
say, 111edicalresearch, you will get 1nore
results adapted to killing people, and less
adapted to keeping them alive." Within
these circu111stances,what son1e call 'sc ience-for-its-own-sake' is impossib le. The
practice of science in this count1y is presently subservient to the n1utually reinforcing interests of war and capital.
Tllis poi nts to the ve1y foundations of
war in today's world , and these insig hts
could be cn1cial in the bui lding of an effective anti-war move1nent. Protest against
the war nuist mean protest against the
weaponry which fuels war; it mtist tnean
protesting the apparatuses and funding that
e1nploy science to the ends of war.
Knowledge, war, and capital form
three axes of U.S. 1nilitaris1n today, and
the future of ai1tiwar n1ove1nents depends
on our ability to realize those collllections
and thtis coordinate effective resistance.

Guide

19

Absentee Landlords
There is a long-standing history
oflackof responsible oversight fro1n
the UC Regents resulting in n1ultiple security breeches, !a,t or stolen
classified infonnation, in1proper
storage and handling of radioactive
material. Conveniently for the UC
Regents, the Unive1sity of California 1nanage1nent contracts held
a "non-profit " status 1naking the1n
exen1pt fro1n paying penalty fines
for the multiple cases of lab workets, the surrounding communities,
and the enviro1unent being exposed
to deadly levels of radiatio11 The
Depart1nent of Energy took notice
of the UC's incompetent oversight
and in 2004 put the UC's contract
for LANL up for bid It followed
the next year by putting the contract for LLNL up for a si1nilar bid.
The Regents scra1nbled to keep the
UC seal on the podiutns and letterheads of the nuclear weapons labs
by putting in bids to keep the labs.
And they won! !

I

'

Corporate Takeover and Bombplex 2030
In order to co1npetitively re-bid for the managen1ent contracts,
UC fonned a consortiutn with military-industrial corporations Bechtel
National , BWX Teclu1ologies, and Washington Group International.
These war profiteers and the UC created Limited Liability Corporations (La, Alamo, National Security , LLC . and Lawrence Liver1nore National Security , LLC.) to jointly manage LANL and LLNL.

3. Nearly 600 people march to
the Chancellor's
office and
present demands which are to
be answered within 5 days. The
University 's response doesn't
specifically address the demands,
instead proposing the formation
of yet another committee.

4. The lWANAS Support Coalition
organizes
another
rally in
response, and 25 people commit
to not eating until all demands
are met.

20

Bechtel is a 1nttlti-national corporation infa1nous for its involvement
in the water privatization of Bolivia (which led to a 1nassive rebellion
and re-taking of the water systen1 by the Bolivian people), receiving
no-bid contracts worth over $680 1nillion to rebuild the infrastructure
of Iraq (which have since been dropped due to public scn1tiny) and
nuclear facility construction, manage1nent , and nuclear waste clean
up (they profit when nuclear facilities release radioactive pollution!).
The lab employees who received the UC benefit and retirement plans
have now la,t them. Union organizing at the labs has become 1nuch
1nore difficult than it already was. Private managemen t 1nea11Sthat
what takes place at the labs and the managing process have become
1nuch more secretive.
This change in 1nanagement has co1ne at a very critical ti1ne for
the future of nuclear weapons. The DOE has sche1ned up Co1nplex
2030 , a plan lasting until the year 2030 to co1npletely re-create the
nuclear weapons cotnplex with the capacity to build 125 new nuclear
weapons a year. A program called the Reliable Replacement Warhead progran1 (RRW) calls for the creation of new nuclear weapons
under the guise that the old ones have beco1ne outdated and unreliable. The reality is that this is a piece of the initiative to rebuild a
new nuclear a1senal. Under the UC managen1ent contract , the weapotis labs were only allowed to function as research and design laboratoties . In order to rebuild the nuclear stockpile, a factory 1ntist exist
to build new plutoniu1n pits (the nuclear core of aton1ic or hydrogen
bombs.) LANL is the only currently functioning nuclear facility
with the capacity to create plutoniwn pits on a scale large enough to
bring in the new bombs. According to the new corporate manage1nent tea1n, their pri1naiy role as lab 1nanagers is to be responsible for
"addressing 1natters related to the integration of the [DOE] weapons
co1nplex with the goal of achieving an agile, flexible and efficient
cotnplex. " Partnering with Bechtel (privatized 1nanage1nent) was
necessary in order to change the contracts and further the creation of
new nukes . T11eUC is merely a symbolic name and place holder in
this whole deal.

5. Third World and Native American
faculty meet and unanimously
agree to support the hunger
strike, which lasted 5 days.
6. The University agrees in writing
to:
a. One tenured track faculty member
each in both Asian-American Studies
and Native American Studies.
b. The continuance ofa part-t ime position
in As ian -Ame rica n Studies.

c. Additional funding for staff to search
for and hire these faculty.
d. To replace Third World and Native
American faculty who go on leave
in adherence with affirmative action
guidelines.
e. A proposal to the Academic Senate
that each student be req uired to take a
course substantially focused on Native
American and/or the domestic Third
World.

Nuclear Colonialism

an imane industry for an acade1nic institution to be a part of. ForThe witnesses /sutvivo1s of the Hira;hitna and Nagasaki atotnic mer UCSC Chancellor Robert Sinsheitner publicly stated that UC
bo1nbings are known as Hibakusha. Over200,000 acute deaths , and lab 1nanage1nent "stands in inherent contradiction to the high and
i1n1neasurable a1nounts of long-tenn suffering, were the results of lofty principles " of the univeisity. Once upon a titne, a UCSC group
the dropping of the UC designed atonlic bo1nm on Japan Although called Student Alliance for Fallout E1nergency (SAFE) spomored
the Japanese were the only people to be bombed as part of a 1nilitary a resolution on an official campus election calling for the Health
act, Hibakusha are widely recognized all over the globe, fro1n the Center to "stockpile suicide pills to be distributed upon request to
Maisha!! Islands to the United States. All the processes of building registered students in the event that the UCSC campus is expa,ed to
a nuclear bo1nb ( uraniu1n 1nining, construction, testing, storage, and lethal quantities of nuclear radiation. "
nuclear waste dispa,al) are extre1nely destn1ct ive. The facilities that
At this very 1noment, a strong and vibrant UC student 111ovehouse this deadly radioactive 1naterial are 1110,toften placed in poor 1nent for nuclear abolition is taking place. Because of the cun·ent
conununities of color that have no voice in deternli1ling their loca- nuclear crisis we face and t he continued 1nanage1nent of the lam by
tions. The Western Sha,hone Nation, on who's land lies the Nevada the UC students, faculty, and staff are u1liting and calling once and
Test Site, is the 1na,t bombed nation on earth [1,032 open air nuclear for all for an end to the UC systen1's legiti1nization of the nuclear
bo1nbings and 21 sub-critical nuclear explooions since WWII] Yucca weapons co111plex. In the past year, students have disn1pted and
Mountain, a sacred site for the Western Shoohone for al1na,t a nu!- atte1npted to shut down 1neetings of the Board of Regents, effeclion yeats (according to their histories), has been selected to house tively forcing then1 to stop managing the laboratories. In the Sp1ing
virtually all nuclear waste from the natio n's 1nany nuclear power of 2007, 41 st udents and one faculty 1ne1nberfrom UCSC, UCSB,
plants . In the Mais hall Islands, where n1any nuclear bomm were UCSF, and UC Berkeley went on a hunger strike lasting a total of 10
tested while former UC Regen ts watched in celebration fro1n a safe days, which culminated in an action at a Regents Meeting, at wllich
distance (no joke!) , fa1nilies, co1n1nunities, and entire cultures of the 13 statving students were arrested, and the Regents the1nselves adindigenous islandeis were destroyed through forced re-location and vised the students to go ho1ne and "go get some lunch ." Word of the
long-tenn radiation expa;ure resulting in 1nassive a1nounts of birth UC Hunger Strike spread world-wide throughout both undeiground
defects , radiation sickness, and multiple forms of cancer. The nu- and n1ainstream networks . Immedia tely after the strike ended, the
clear fuel/weapons cycle has physically and culturally exte111linated UCSC student goverrunent passed a resolution calling for the inuneindigenous and poor people around the globe at levels lligh enough diate severance of t he UC's ties to the nuclear weapons laboratories
to be considered genocide. T11isracist and violent phenomenon has and supported the creation of a student oveisight co1111nitteeto join
co1ne to be known as Nuc lear Colonialistn.
already existing oveisight committees existing at other UC ca1npusThe UC scientists and their fanlilies, (usually white/upper mid- es.
die-class) are not exempt from the deadly effects of nuclear radiation
Due to the increasingly critical global situation, and the Regents '
either. In Livennore, CA approxi1nately one nlillion curies of radia- ada1nant attachinent to the nuclear lam and the furthering of U.S.
tion (roughly equivalent to the a111ountof radiation depa,ited by the 1nilitarism in general , the 111ovementto make UC nuclear free will
US ato1nic bo1nbing of Hiroohi1na) have sat urated the s urrounding only strengthen and grow . The 1na,t political action students of the
enviro111nent. The Environ1nental Protection Agency has declared Univeisity of Califo1nia can take is to wo rk to transform the very inthe SO 1nile radius around LLNL a "Superfund" site repeatedly af- stitution we pay so 1nuch 111011ey
to be a part of. We have a unique lefected by radioactive pollution (San Francisco, being 45 mi away veraging point in 1naking this institution/Jnega-corporation the n10,t
fron1 Live1n1ore, falls within this SO1ni radius). Studies have found socially equitable it can be. Students have a voice in this syste1n, no
that children and young adults of Livennore experience 6 times the 1natter how s1nall. T11epower is in our numbe1s, our creativity, and
incidence of 1nalignant 1nelano1na, and people born in the 1960s in our lack of fear. Entire co1nmunities, and the 1najority of hun1ans on
Livennore have been found to face elevated levels of brain cancer. this planet, are counting on us to help bring down the unthinkably
Complaints fron1 expa,ed lab worke1s are seldo111heard due to bu- dangerous syste1n of nuclear weapon production and use. Change
reaucratic roadblocks and a hootile, fear-pro1noting work environ- will only happen if enough people , from all backgrounds and per1nent reinforced by lack of responsibility in
-•
s,pectives, come together to end this insanity.
UC n1anage1nent of the lam.
· t~.:-":,\ · ·

-~f-'·-:, '!'• ,.,l>

Take the U-C out
of N-U-C-L-E-A-R

Since the 1960 s and the height of .
the Vietnam War protests, there has been :;:.:
a continual student 111ove1nentoppa,in :;'"
the UC's 1nanage1nent of Armageddo
Current faculty on this campus wer
once ( and still are) radical activis
calling for a responsible solution to

De-Colonizing our Minds:
J;"'
,. ~"'---..~ . The UC ana the Bomb class
..··.· :•::
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t :. ,·{.,,,
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Want to learn more about tllis stuff and
"-"1it,~\·
.~. g~t acadenlic credit for it? The Fourth Genera...,,;,;;;i\' hon of the student created and operated class,
~·-: ,,.._,,JJC and the Bo111b
, is happening this Fall. In a
:;.- ·.:.....::11011-lliera
rcllical, democra tic educational en,f~1virorunent, s tudents / learneis will explore in
&~~ depth the relationship between the nuclear
·: weapons lam and the Univeisity of Calif or. nia. Co,uact Mark for 111oreinfo abouJ lww

,t>•

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... •' ~*~ ',JiJ:, ~ ':; ."

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2007 Djsorjentation

Gujde

21

and

Recruiters
Military
the LIES They Tell

"The reason to have a military is to be
prepared to fight and win wars. The
military is not a social we lfare agency,
it's not a jobs program. "
-Dick Chener, current Vice President
and former $ec retary of Defen se

Spread the word about these common recruiter lies.
Explore Counter-Recruitment strategies.
No Recruits No Troops No War

=

(LIES

DEBUNKEDJ

LIE #1: The military provides valuable, high tech job training that will
prepare you for a civilian career.

•Veteransea1n an average of 19% less
than non-veterans.
•Only 12% of male veterans and 6% of
fen1aleveterans use job skills learned
in the militaryin their civilian caree1s.
LIE #2: The military will pay for your
college education, you can get up to
$70,000.

•You have to pay a non-refundablefee
of $1200 jrnt to enroll in the Montgomery GI Bill .
•Only 15% of those eligible for the GI
Bill complete a four-year college pro-

grain and collect the entire amount.

=

I

•The enlisttnent contract contaim a
clause that allows the niilitaiy to alter
any provision of the contract without
even notifying you.
•You can be called back at any time!
The fine print of the enlistn1ent contrac t (Section 9) states tha t recn1its
can be kept in the 111ilitaryindefinitely,
or called back fron1 the reserves many
xears later , es~cially as part of the
'war on terror wliich has no foresee able end.
LIE #4: The military takes care of its
own with excellent retirement and
disability benefits.

•Budget cuts have forced the Veterans
Adtn1nistration to charge veterans entering into its system a $250 annual
fee in order for then1 to receive treatment.
•According to the Veteran's Adtninistration , 1/3 of all ho1neless people are
veterans.

•65% of the recruits who pay the required $1200 into the Montgome1y GI
Bill never get a cent in return.

•Recn1ite1s are salespeople. They are trained in
the same corporate sales techniques and have
quotas to 1neet just like other salespeople.
•The U.S. General Accounting Office found
that the militaiy_'s recruiting advertising budget
doubled fro1n $300 n1illion to nearly $600 mil lion between 1998 and 2003.
•The overall recruiting budget last year approached $4 billion.
•Recn1iter 1nisconduct is rampant: They have
been caught on tape helping potential recn1its
forge high school diplon1as and fake drug tests .
One recruiter was caught threate1Iing highschool s tudents with jail ti1ne for refusing to
1neet with him.

RACISM, SEXUAL
ABUSE. & HOMOPHOBIA
•Peo ple of color represent 1/3 of all enlisted
personnel but only 1/8 of all officers.
•75% ofAfricanAmericans and61% ofLatinos
report discri1ninat ory behavior in the 1nilitary.

•A recently release d Associated Press report
found that in 2005 alone , more than 80 recn1iters faced disciplinary action for sexual 111isconduct with potential enlistees.

LIE #3: Join the Reserves or National Guard and you 'll only have to
serve one weekend a month.

22

l

•Accord ing to the Veteran's Adtninistration,
90% of the wo111enin t he 1nilitary have expe1ienced sexual harassmen t, and 30% of these
have been raped

•So few enlistees are able to take advantage of the GI Bill that the milita1y
actually n1akes a profit off the progra1n- it takes in $72 million 1nore
every year than it pays out.

•40 % of the soldiers in Iraq today are
me1nbe1s of the National Guard or Reserves. Many have seen their enlistn1ents and tours of duty extended by
"stop loss" orde1s.

TACTICS REVEALED

•Si nce 1996 , 722Anny recn1ite1s have been accused of rape and sexual niisconduct. It is likely.
of course, that the ntunber of reported cases JS
far lower than the actual nun1ber of incidents .
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•You cannot be openly ho1nosexual in the military .

WHY COUNTER-RECRUITMENT?
So here we are, 4 years into a war in Iraq that ve1y few
people suppo11, not to 1nention our military involve1nentin
Afghanistan and cow1tless other places worldwide. TI1e
US n1ilitaryis the richest, 1nostpowerful, and most aggressive in the world, by a long shot. Many ofu s have felt how
frustrating it can be to by to stand up to tl1is111011ster
- after
all, what are a bunch of civilians holding signs going to do
to stop the war 1nachine?
One tool that we have is counter-recruibnent. Tilis can
range fro1n si1nply providing info1mation such as what 's
on the previous page to potential recruits, to pa11icipating
in nonviolent direct action in order to actively prevent any
recn1ibnent. Some may say that tllis tactic violates people's
right to choose and tl1emilitary's right of free speech, but
that logic assumes that the 1nilita1yis a legitin1ate organization that acts responsibly, and this is si1nplynot the case.
Consider s01neof the facts 1nentioned on the previous page
about racial dispa1ities and sexual abuse, and ask yourself if a regular co1poratio11that showed s.imilar ntunbers
would be invited to a UC Santa Cn1zjob fair. In fact, tl1e
nlilita1y's "Don't Ask, Don 't Tell" policy directly violates
the U C's non-discrimination policy, as well as a n1ore spe•
cific policy of the career center regarding who is allowed
to participate in job fairs. However, the achninistration is
unable/unwilling to enforce these policies because of a law
called the Solo1non Amenchnent which would deny our
campus all federal funding if 111ilita1y
recruiters were not
allowed to recruit at career fairs.
Obviously the reci11iters have no real 1ight to be here,
but it 's up to students to take action. Tilis is exactly what
we have done -recn1iters have not been allowed to operate
on ca1npusfor the past two and a half years ch1eto student
protest. It sta11edin sp1ing 2005 when over 300 students
marched into the job fair and surrounded the rec111iter
s,
preventing any reci·uibnent until they picked up and left.
TI1enext ti1ne tl1eycame onto ca1npuswas October 2005 ,
and despite higher secu1ity that prevented a similar action,
Students Against War organized a "queer kiss-in," surrounding the recruiting tables witl1same-sex couples 1naking out, highlighting the illegitimacy of the n1ilitary (and
making those guys super uncomfortable). In Ap1il 2006
the military recn1iters' place1nentin a separate roo1n fro1n
the rest of the fair allowed a n1ass rally to shut the1n clown
without distw·bing the rest of the fair. And for the entire
2006-200 7 school year, reci·uiters have declined to attend
our career fairs.
Together these actions have provoked a deluge of death
threats to activists, inspired atten1ptsby conse1vative lawyers to get UCSC 's funding cut, landed Students Against
War on a Pentagon ten·orisn1database as a "credible threat,"
and even got us a sten1 talking to from Bill O'Reilly.
TI1eyhave also stopped reciuibnent.

The UPRISE Counter-Recruitment Tour
I spent October traveling the 111Stbel
t - from D. C. to Chicago - with
a caravan of activists, nnJSicians,and veterans. We were in a different
city ahnoot eve1y day. The veterans shared their personal stories, and
we gave workshops on counter recruit1nent and corporate collllections
in Iraq. In the evenings we screened fihns like Sir, No Sir' and hooted
shows featuring political hip-hop, punk, and folk a1tists.
In a la5t 1ninute n1iraclethe UPRISE tour tean1ed up with Iraq Veterans Against the War. Four of the1n can1ealong and local IVAW n1e1nbers ca1neto speak at several events. IVAW is a rapidly growing group
that is open to anyone who has served in the 1nilitaiysince 9-11. Of the
four that ca1ne on tour with llStwo - Nick and Mike - had been active
duty in Afghanistan and the other two - Steve, and Toby - had served
in Iraq.

The Cast of the Tour
' 'We thought we were going there to help people and save people's
lives," Mike says. "We thought that Wa.5what the anny was about, we
thought that Wa.5what this country is about." Mike's got long brown
hair and soft blue eyes. He is from New Orleans and was trapped in the
city duling hum cane Katrina. Back then he still had faith in the govern1nent and expected help to con1e, but of course it didn't. He harbors a
slow, sad, anger. Ask him to su1n his feelings in one word: betrayed.
All of the vets I toured with joined the army with the best of intentions but in war they saw that the goven1ment's p1iorityWa.5controlling
resources and funneling cash to con11ptleaders and 1nilitaiy contractors. Mike served on a base in Qatar during the war inAfghanista11 In
a n101nent, he knew the war Wa.5wrong when he saw that his ba5e Wa.5
sending 1nillions of dolla1s of new equip1nent to Iraq, thirteen 1nonths
before the Iraq war staited , while supplies were badly needed in Afghanistan.
At eveiy stop, so1neone would a5k about rebuilding. Steve and
Toby would always say that they didn't see any rebuilding in Iraq. ''I
drove through the streets of Baghdad for twelve 1nonthsand it jtJStgot
wo1se over there. " Toby said Toby has a fair freckled face and a strawbeny-blond mohawk. He's quiet and thoughtful -- much of what he
doesn't say he pours into poetiy.
In Iraq and Afghanistan, instead of putting 1noney toward rebuilding, the military would give cash pay1nentsto war lords or tribal leadeis, officially for 'r ebuilding' but the spending wa5n't regulated and it
Wa.5clear that the 111oney
Wa5n't being spent on new schools and roads.
'That 1noney Wa.5going to buy bullets that were co111ingback at tlS,"
said Mike.
In Iraq, Steve says, wllile soldiers were risking their lives on missions for a $22,000 sala1y, Halliburton (Conti1utedon next page)

2007 Disorientation

Guide

23

e1nployees stayed on the base , earning over 130,000 working safely on the base supe1vising four or five Iraqis who got $1.50 an hour.
"O ne ti111eI asked," Steve said, "W hy the Iraqis were getting paid
so little and they told 111eit was because they didn 't want to flood
the Iraqi eco110111y
with 1noney."While he was there, Steve will tell
you, like 1nany other soldiers he didn't have tilne to think about
the political implications of eve1ything he was seeing. But s ince
he's been ho111ehe's been developing a solid anti-capitalist critique.
Steve looks like a fox and has all the energy of one. He's bold and
raw and a comedic genius. He 's the smallest and the angriest of
the four, he's also got the 1nost conspicuous case of Post Trau1natic
Stress Disorder. He's ju111pyand known to wander off, son1eti1nes
in the middle of a conversation.

experiences through 11ight1naresand intrusive 1ne1nories. It's estimated that a third of soldieis returning fro111Iraq and Afgha11istan
are s uffeting fro1n PTSD. But all of the war veterans I've 111ethave
it to some degree and are dealing with the fact that their experiences will haunt the111for the rest of their lives. A 1nother of a
soldier came to an event and asked the vets, "How can we help
you e1notionally?" She wanted to know how to reach her son who
had returned fro111Iraq distant and depressed. "You can't get hi1n
back," Steve told her. "How do you te ll your mother that your best
friend died and his blood splattered on your face, or that you had to
kill cltildren? You can't."
When soldiers get off the plan e to come ho1ne they are asked
a set of questions , one of which is "Do you need 1nental help? "
Sayi ng yes would 1nean staying on t he base for another 6 111011tl~
and not seeing their fa111ily,which is all they want at that point.
After that, it takes three 111onthsfor soldiers to get an appointn1ent
tlu·ough the Veterans Ad1ninistration with so 1neone who can diag' nose the1n with PTSD. When soldieis try to get help for PTSD, the
officials at the VA play on the hyper masculinity that soldiers learn
in the anny to talk the1n out of seeking help. "I11ey n1ake you feel
like if you can't take it, you shouldn't ever have joined the anny,"
said Mike.
So ldiers officially receive free 1nedical care for two yea1s after
t hey are discharged, but the VA uses all so1ts of tricks to get out
of providing for vetera1~. The V.Ns policy on PTSD is that they
are not respo1~ible for infonning vetera1~ of their right to file a
claim, and if they don 't know about PTSD , it does not extend their
ti1ne frame to file a claiin. "Most of the peop le in n1y platoon don't
even know what PTSD is," Steve said, "an d how could they, the VA
doesn't even tell them. "

PROPERTY OF THE STATE

While everyone else speaks, Nicks its in the front with a video camera. He 's a big teddy bear, with curly brown hair. He's reserved and
relatively organized. He's also the driver of the bus, the holder of
the 1noney. He seems older than the rest of them but he isn't really
- none of the111are older than 25. Maybe it's because he's been
doing this longer; he's been in IVAW since it started in Stunmer

2004.

POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
They all tell about coining back hon1e fro111war and being unable to function, how the governn1ent didn't give them suppo1t to
deal with the fact that they had almost died, that they had seen their
buddies die or had killed or tortured people thetnselves. They got
through the war thinking that if they could jus t get home, everytiring would be right again. But at ho1ne they couldn't find co1nfort
in the things they once liked or the people they still loved, they shut
the1nselves off from family and f1iends.
Post-Trau111atic Stress Diso rder, or "PTSD", is a psychiatric
response to life-threate11ing events. Those afflicted relive trau1natic

24

"You were just following ordeis, just doing what you were told,
but it still keeps you up at night ," said Toby. Toby tells the story of
when his best friend was killed in an runbush and died in Iraq , "O ne
week later, I was approached by a staff sergeant who gave me a box
of 240 machine gun rounds, that my friend had on hin1 when he
died, they were caked in Iris blood. The sergeant told me to go kill
so111eIraqis . And I did, I used the111to the best of my ability. " The
acts of violence perpetuated by so ldiers are not isolated incidents.
They are a result of syste111atictrai11ingthat valo1izes violence and
preys upon soldie1s' e111otio1~.especially thei r love for one another.
The vets will be living with the memories of war for the rest of their
lives. But the ntilitary bureaucrats in the Pentagon, the politicia1~
and the war profitee1s, who create the system that manipulates soldieis and creates war, they don't have to face the ten·ors of war or
acknowledge the blood on t heir hands .
The goal of basic training is to break enlistees down and build
them back up as killing 1nachines. The 111ilita1yis co1~tantly developing new technologies to 1nanage the troops. The notion of
'brotherhood' is one of the main tools that the 1nilitary uses to get
soldie1s to fight. The govenunent has learned that soldie1s aren't
fighting for the govenunent, or for freedo1n, but for their fellow soldieis. The 1nilita1y's strategy is to foster soldiers' se1~e of loyalty to

each other. Basic training is structured around teaching soldiers that
their failure , or their refusal to participate hurts their whole group.
Soldiers are assigned to a 'batt le buddy' when one lases , his buddy
lases and vice ve1sa.
While the ntilitary teaches soldiers to care for each ot.her, it
simultaneously dehumanizes local populatio1l5. Like in Vietna1n,
where the 1nilitary called the Vietna1nese 'gooks,' today, Iraqis are
all called 'Hadjis' and soldiers are discouraged from associating
with Iraqi people.
Tariq , one of the activists on the tour, served in the air force for
four yea1s making bo1nbs on a base in Korea in the 90's. The first
night in basic trai11ing his llllit was forced on their hands and knees,
naked, with chains around their necks. He talks about how as a
punislunent, a friend of !tis was thrown into twelve foot deep water, hands and feet tied together and told to swim, they pulled hitn
out right before he drowned. Another friend's head was held under
water w1til he passed out and was revived with an oxygen tank. The
nlilitary uses these techtliques to teach obedience. Through their
nlilitary training soldiers learn how to be abusive.
Troop, are trained to respond to fear and anger with violence
and then thrown into situations where fear and anger abound. Walking Iraq city s treets in a nlilita1y unifo1n1 n1akes so ldie1s an obviorn
target, but it is often impassible for soldiers to identify who is ttying
to kill then1. Steve said, "I t's like being in a dark roo111and so111eone keeµ; ptu1ching you, and you don't know who , sooner or later
you' re going to punch back and not care who you hit."
Women in the nlilitaty have it the wo1st. Unlike 1nale so ldiers
they can't go back to t he base and feel safe. Sexual assault and rape
are ratnpant within the 1nilitary and the 1nilitary bureaucracy does
little to protect wo111enor pu11ishtheir assaulters.
Military training doesn't stop when trooµ; go home to the base
and it catries over into their civilian lives where ex-n1ilitary are far
more likely than civiliatl5 to abusive and violent. " You desetl5itize a
peison to killing, even cllildren, and you can't turn off that switcl1 "
Steve said, 'They' re cold."
"[T he govermnent] learned from Vietnatn," Steve says, "it's
better for the govemn1ent to fuck one pe1son up really,
really bad, than five people jrnt a little bit." The enlist1nent contract is binding for the troops but not for
the govenunent. Instead of a draft, the govenunent has
been implen1enting the "Stop Lass Policy " which forces
soldieis to stay in the 111ilitarypast the tenns of their
contracts. A quarter of soldie1s are on their fiist tour in
Iraq, half are on their second, and the rest are on their
third or n1ore. The gove1n1nent knows that eve1y soldier
is connected to hundreds of fatnily and friends; reusing
the sa111eso ldieis allows the governn1ent to keep more
Ameticans re1noved from the war.
Soldieis have no constitutional rights in the military. You literally beco111estate property . The 1nilitary
can use its ownership over soldie1s to control what infonnation gets out about the war. Only one media teatn

ca1ne to Toby 's base in Iraq the whole titne he was there, before
they ca111e,the soldiets were trained what to say. 'They came to
n1e," he said, "A nd I told them I didn't have anything to say. Because I couldn't tell the tn1th."

DE~ROOPTHETROOPS
A 2004 Pentagon statistic counted 40,000 soldie1s AWOL ( absent without leave) out of an arn1y of 550,000. We ran into soldiets
all along the tour route-so111e just in training, some AWOL, others
back fro111the war - all opposed to the war. The veterans say mast
so ldieis and even son1e officets talk openly about not knowing why
they are there and what they are fighting for.
The trooµ; are not sounding the battle cry. Bu t 111astof the111
aren' t signing on to the anti-war 111ove1nenteither. This is partly because the 111ilitaryteaches soldieis that 'protesto1s' hate the111.But
also because the anti-war 1nove111entoften asstunes that soldie1s are
naturally in support of the war. For soldiers, joining the anti-war
111ovementmea1l5 adntitting that eve1ytlling that happened to the111
and their friends in the war was for nothing. That 's a difficult barrier
to crass. But it would be so 111ucheasier if there were a visible antiwar co1111llunitythat they knew would welco1ne the1n.
The ltistory of the Vietna111War anti-war moven1ent shows that
we can only be successful if meaningful connections are created
between activists and soldiers. GI resistance is the key to ending the
war and that can only happen if activists create decentralized networks to provide se1vices like alten1ative healthcare , legal advice,
and te111pora1y hon1es for hon1eless andAWOLsoldieis. Re1nember
that nlilitaris111is built on a foundation of racis111,sexis111,and homophobia and that these ideas are pervasive in 1nilita1y culture and
training . I do not 111eanto excuse prejudices but to recog1lize that
folks who believe in equality at their core n1ay still harbor problen1atic lang uage and ideas. To accept veteratl5 into the anti-war 111oven1ent will mean actively helping then1 assitnilate to activist culture,
sharing the history and lingo of the movement, non-llierarchical
organizing theo1y and practice , and helping then1 fight inte1nalized
sexis111,racism, and heterasexis111.

2007 Disorientation

Guide

25

Corporatization of the University
Bob Meister's "Eleven Theses on Growth" highlights a proble1n that UC has faced for the last few decades: average state ftu1ding per student at UC, as a proportion of the average coot per student, has drastically declined fro1n the mid-1980s to the present.
Each of the qualifications of this ratio is i1uportant: "ave rage "
suggests that so 1ne students get 1nore funding than others ; "as a
propo1t io11of the average coot per student" 1ueans that, wh ile the
alx.olute dollar a1nount the state allocates for UC 1night have increased, the average the state ha5 contributed towa rd5 the coot of
educating each student ha5 declined; finally, "state ftmding " is opposed to corporate and federal funding. This decline has concrete
effects:

Mo re s tudents are co1npeting for fewer resources fro1n
the state. The Regents and the sta te legislature have a covenant
that guarantees to the top eighth of Califo1nia high school graduates achnission to a UC if they apply to one. Became UCSC and
UC Merced are the campuses absorbing moot of the enrolln1ent
growth, the pressures of growth fall most heavily a1nong the UCs
on these two ca1upuses. Thus we have unde1funded athletics , increa5ing student to TA and faculty ratios in Hu1nanities , Arts and
Social Sciences, and the threatened (or already acco1nplished)
elimination of popular progra1ns and student activities such a5
joumalis111,non-European languages, and Rainbow Theater.
• The budget shortfall 1neans that the university has to find
other sources of reve nue. On the one hand, this 1ueans UC fee increa5es and ballot 1neasures for ca1npus fees to support progranis
at UCSC. On the other hand , students and professors, pa1t icularly
in the sciences and engineering, are under pressure to get exte1nal
funding through grants and partners hiµ,. Thus the s hrinking share
of state funding is forcing the university to restn1cture itself so that

1991
• UCSC/Big Creek starts logging
at Elfland (a redwood grove)
over holiday break. 42 people
are
arrested
in
day-long
demonstration. Native shell site
is trampled and sacred sites
are destroyed. Construction of
Colleges 9 & 10 begins.
The full story can be found here :
http: // native net. uth sc s a. edu l arc hive !
n//9201/0051.html.

26

it can be appealing , not necessarily for students , faculty, and s taff ,
but for inves tors . In other words , the univeisity is being corporatized P rogranis that are not appealing to private investors , such
a5 UCSC's journalism program , are axed
• Finally, like any corporation, the corporatized univeisity
tries to 1nininlize its labor coots for the vast majority of workers
while spending vast amounts on executive pay and perks. The
tmiversity tmderftmds pensions , tties tosllift the ca;t of health care
onto wo rkers, and it t1ies to make workers do more work in less
tin1e (re1ne1nber the pressure on st udent-to-TA and faculty ratios).
To keep workers in line the university pays hundred5 of thousands
of dollais per year to a tulion-busting law finn, and here at UCSC
the police budget is expanding draiuatically to silence the protests
that are inevi table with the itnpa,ition of austerity progranis.

California Prisons and the UC
From the 1985 -6 budget to the 2005-6 budget the share
of state funds for UC operations declined fro 111around 75% to
around 45%. Why has the state 's budget for the UC not kept up
w ith the s tate 's population growth? Both the UC and the state 's
prison syste1n are funded by the legislature, and so there is a certain a1nount of cotnpetition between the prisons and the UC for the
state 's tax dollars. Since at least 1985, prisons have been winning
this co1npetition. Fro1n 1985 to 1995 the ntunber of state prisollS
in Califonlia inc reased fro11113 to 31; fro1n 1985 to 2004 the Correct ions budget increased fron1 $923 1uillio11to $5.7 billion. By
2005 , prisons accounted for 8.2 percent of the state budget while
UC accotmted for only 3 percent. In fact, if current trends continue Califor1lia's prison budget will be laiger than the combined
budgets of the state's tmiversities by 2012 .

• Students and local activists
shut down Highway 1 to protest
Operation Desert Storm.
• African American Resource and
Cultural Center opens.

1994
• Rainbow Theater founded by
Don Williams. Despite continued
attempts to lay off Williams ,
consistent activism has ensured
that the group continues today.

1995
• August 6: 15,000 people gather
in downtown SC to honor
the victims of the US atomic
bombing of Japan.
• Walnut tree action by Santa Cruz
Earth First! fails to save old tree
behindf ormerBookshop site. City
sells wood at a profit. Protesters
march to demonstration and
lockdown at Big Creek Lumber
mill in Davenport.

.--",:
......
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./..., J.

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Howeve r, the budget con1parisons on ly tell pa rt of the story . As the table below s hows, African An1ericans and ·.'.•..
1
·.'.•.• A tne rica n Indians have beco1ne fu1ther under-represented at UC in the wake of the 1996 passage of Proposit ion 209,
which eli tninated 1nost forms of affinnative actio n in Califo rnia:

UC

1990

2005

Demographics

(% )

(%)

4.25
0.86
21.77
10.05
54.53

2.91
0.57
35.25

African American
American Indian
Asian American
Chicana/o & Latina/o
White

California
Demo
flies
= ----+-

1990
( %)

.....-----11--

rAf~r~ic=a
~ ~ ie~J:iffi
iG:
•ai;n;:::---t-~7~.7;5~--t-~7~
Amer.· ,·
0.97
Asi

9.99

2005
(% )

.......... --1

.2~0~-1 i •➔,
1.36
·-.:.,
.

13.24

Latino

~{iEJ;E!~:~\i~f.::~
a1io·Wffifes go to colleges s ue

Why are there raci
~F
i <}, is a question that
~=~~~~~~ ~:!i il>~..,..
to an-,wer, but guess
_a::.
;:::.:.i;,:~::.r~"-?~it
stu dies at UCSC. Howev ~ eY.e w.1t,h t.he , at- b011.e1
:'a e
;,. to conclude that stn1ctural r cis111e~ts
~ l'Th11tfa, ~ ce
i only a sys te1natical1~, we , ten1 c0ulli P.IWt ce t , e Facial
~ ,:::.) disparities in the popul ti ns ':=.:.i:' : ,n 1 , ' Cl w,te~ ;-.
~ Ftuthenn ore, fro1n th· P.Ee
Y.i~us llis ussi~ 1 it hould be clear
'':a that stn1ctural racisn1 is ctitting i 1t0t~e Cs bw get.



~

~

-

~

Everyone at UCSe ·•tias a stake in the struggle for
~ ,: Ethnicity and Race Studies

l,~

n

Th e data above s hows a broa d systemic ten dency in California to put Bl acks and Latino gro uµ; into prison while Asia ns

as tl' • · . ~ o why is this racial
JJreakdown imperfect? Why ar wrde -represented minorities
s'f.11present al\~ UC, and why are there substantial nu111bersof
f ites in prisffi1? Class is part of the explanat ion, but another
pa1t is the struggle on the part of under-represen ted minorities
and their allies to make the UC welcoming to people of color.
At UCSC this stntgg le is conducted large ly through unpaid
student labor s ince there is insufficient faculty support. In the
absence of (non-Anglo/Euro pean) race and ethnicity in moot
of the cu1Ticulu1n, people of color are regu larly called upon to
educate their peers. This is already a valuable service , si nce
eveiyo n~ in _Califonua need5 to know how to deal wit!1 racial
and ethruc difference whether or not they a~lo1owledge 1t.
(Co ntinued on next page)

2007 Disorientation

Guide

~ .'•,

i

t~:,

. ., ;,.

ll·

~ ~:"~
-~

f.Il
•~

••l
~-~~

If•.
~

;;.::.

27

UC for state tax dollars. Through student-initiated outreach and lice are a waste . Prison devalues people and places , while edu- 1
1
, . ·-. retention programs , and the resulting drop in the prison popula- cation enriches the state. In sheer dollar tenns, it 1nakes sense •. :
tion and the prison budget, students of color are already in the to expand the UC- it casts around $30,000 a year for each instruggle to halt prison expanmate in prison, while the cast
sion and expand access to the
Ethnic Studies would be a step away from the current for each student at a UC is
about $20 ,000 ( of which only~ ·'
UC.
situation at UCSC, in which a few privileged people

Evidence for this is
about
$10,000
co1nes
fron1:
.➔
are successfully keeping most people out, and a step
I ••
the state). In shott, it 1nakes .,.
in the enrolhnents of people
towards a UCSC that lets as many as possible in.
of color at campuses that have
sense to have institutions that
do not tun1 peop le into prisEthnic Studies s ince outreach
.., ,.._and retention progratns provided by students and staff at those oneIS, corrections officers, and police officers. Why not b1ing ·., ;,.
schools are much n1ore effective than at UCSC. However , the people to the UC instead?
~
'\~;>litnits of Ethn ic Studies are also evident in the fact that severa l
Hopefully this attic le will provide a means for think- ' ~~-;-.:
,~ n1inorities are still under-represented at the UC in general. In- ing about the interconnections between a nun1ber of s truggles at ,~
"Il creasing the enrolln1ent of people of color at UCs will not by UCSC -for justice for workers , for quality in education , for af- ~
~ itself shrink the prison population . Nonetheless, Ethnic Stud- fordable education , and for ethnicity and race studies. However , :tlj
~ : ies would be a step away from the current situation at UCSC , there is s till n1uch work to be done to build an effective 1novef:
in which a few ptivileged people are s uccessfully keeping mast ment that can change the current trend to sluink UC's budgetl~
while expanding the priso11 Ethnicity and race s tudies can play ·.~
·I."'.) people out, and a s tep towards a UCSC that lets as many as pas·,.·-; s ible in.
an important role in this 1noven1ent.
~::;,
1



It I

Iii·

ii·

l~

Students and Workers and Prisoners Unite!
Further Reading:
Angela Davis - Are Prisons Obsolete?
Ruth Wilson Gilmore - Golden Gulag: Prisons, Surplus, Crisis and
Opposition in Globalizing Californin

Iii·
'.;~7:.>

:a·
..

:~

.~
. '.'

;:.~

;,
.



~
~·•

.

~~
I."'.)
,:

28

....

r

Engaging Education is a supportive and clynatnicspace for progranuning that adch·essesthe low
rates of recruittnent, retention andgrach1ationthat lustorically under-resourced co111111unities
face
2
within higher ech1cation. To build a foundation for students to grows and evolve, e pro111otes
progra1ru1lingthat engages in grassroots 01;ga1lizing, student activisn1, connnunity-building
-~-.... both inside and outside the University, ano under»1andinglegacies of social justice stn1ggle.
._,,_
e2 parmers with the U1liversityconuuunity to provide a purposeful, transfonuative and
relevant educational expetience for all students.

t~nJ!~p
~~,

e, i~! :!lng education was first intt·oduced at the 2001 Peace Vigil
organized by the Ethnic Student Organization Counsel in response to two 111ajorhate
incidents that had recently occutTed at UCSC. On the event's flyer e2 was defined as,
"(v): Engaging Education: is not a organization or club - e2 is a conscious 111ove111ent
by
students at UCSC towards owrung ancltaking responsibility for our education." Students
were ouh·aged at the lack of »11ppo11
felt fro111111embersof the u1liversity achuinistration
and the ca111pus community in general. TI1ey decided that if any change was to be n1ade
it, it was going to have to come fi·ou1the students.
Toe idea for the e2: Engaging Ech1cation Center, conceived at the Peace Vigil, was
developed into the Measure 10 Ca1npus referendum during the e2 class (previously the
ESOC Leadership class) of Winter and Spring 2003. TI1eclass facilitators and students
worked on devefoping the beginning of the e2 center. TI1e referendun1 was created in
response to the intensifyin° tlu·eat of cuts to student resources, specifically outreach and
retention. e2has institution~ized student-i1litiatedouh·each and retention progra111s,which
recruit and maintain a diverse student body at UCSC, as well fight for the ech1cational
tights of all students.
2
Outt·each and Retention progra111sare student-initiated and student-n1n.Each "e2 .;c, not an organjzatl,on or a club--e
targets, but is not exclusively for, llisto1icallyunderrepresented co111111111lities. ....,
Our Ouh·each progran1s seek to create opportutlities for, and encourage
.
· , ,c, movement by students
high school students to continue their education at an institution of lligher :is a CODSCXl.Ou+c>
education. Our Retention progra1ns ain1 to help students reach their fullest
dt,akingresponsibilitY
potentiaflas leanH\tty·s
and_gr~duate. Edachprogrda111
fqst ers 1nenttorAshipti
buildsta
t,owardsowrongan
. ,,
sense o co11111111111
, ano ouers aca enuc, an soc1a1 suppor . s 1e cen er
~ our educati.on
grows, new progra111scan be created and suppo1ted by tlie center.
0 'J.

Outreach
andRetention

serVices

In addition to our Outreach and Retention pro_granis
, e2 provides other services that
help support and engage students during their academic career. These include:
•Space to study, use the con1puters, dialogue, ask questio11S, and hold events or
workshoJl5.
•Tutors in writing, 111ath
, biologr, chen1ist1y,etc. They are available eve1y
Monday through Thursday at the e- Redwood Lounge.
•Acade 1nic Credit for activisn1through the e1-class.
•Me ntorship throuoh Retention Progranis and e2 center intenisllips.
•e2 Library is a cofl'ectionof textbooks and readers that students can check out.

Conta
ct Us:
e-mail: ucsc_e2@yahoo.com

Redwood Empire files a lawsuit
that would bar treesitters from
property but then withdraws it.
• American
Indian
Resource
Center (formerly Native American
Resource Center) opens.

• Engaging Education is first
conceptualized
with
events
organized by the Ethnic student
Organization Council and SUA in
response to violence and racism
on campus. Seeabove.

"e2 believes there :is power :in numbers;
tbrOugh solidarity and ,1nity the
possibilities for change are endless."
"e2 believes :in the right to a free and
accessible education for all."

• May: More than 1000 students
demonstrate to end once and for
all the attempt to remove evals.
Nevertheless, mandatory grades
are voted in by the faculty senate.
Evals are kept optional.
• Statewide
antisweatshop
campaign succeeds when the UC
Office of the President adopts a
"Code of Conduct". Loopholes in
this policy later lead to another
UC Sweat-Free campaign. see

2001
• In the academic year following
9/11,
reported
Hate/Bias
incidents increases by 400%.
This was the last published
Hate/Bias report.
• On the 1-month anniversary of
9/11, 1500 people rallied at the
base of campus to oppose a
U.S. invasion of Afghanistan.

page 34.

2007 Disorientation

Guide

29

Ethnic

Studies

Community

Goncerrr:Lng Profess0r
Despite atte1npts to stifle 1noven1ent at UCSC, the st11iggle for
Ethnic Studies has been revived on a student front by 1nembers
of various Student of Color Organizations, including the Af1ican/
Black Student Alliance (A/BSA), Asian Pacific Islander Student
Alliance (APISA), Movi1niento Estudiantil Chicana y Chicano de
Aztlan (MEChA), Filipino Student Association (FSA), and Student
Alliance of NorthAinerican Indians (SANAI). This current effo1t
has manifested itself through an undergraduate working group, The
Comnlittee on Ethnic Studies, and larger infonnative & strategic
events.
On Thursday , May 3, the Ethnic Studies Co1n1nittee planned an
Informational Meeting to inform the co1n1nunity about the decadesold battle for Ethnic Studies at UCSC, and the state of the n1ove1nent
today. The progra111included a ti1neline of our stn1ggle acco111panied
by 5 testi1nonials (given by a UCSC professor, graduate student and
3 undergraduate students) and a guest 1notivational speaker along
with a sho1t clip of the 1WANAS hunger strike in 1981 (in support
of Ethnic Studies).
However, the progra1n was unintentionally altered; intn1ded
upon when Oakes Provoot, Pedro Castillo, took it upon hiniself to
barge in and take for llilllSelf the power to say what he felt. He went
on to relay his satisfactio n at seeing such an event , and applauded
the students that had come. Then , he staited expressing his feelings
about Ethnic Studies at UCSC, which co1npletely contradicted his
general rhetoric ai1d the overall purpa,e of the event. He went on to
scorn students, questio11ingtheir involve111entby na1ning specific eth1lic-based classes he had taught at UCSC and asking who had taken
the1n. After a brief dispute between two coordinators and Castillo, in
which he s tated he would not get off the nlic "lutless so 1neone dragged
[him] off," the 111ic
was pulled and he
exited the stage.
While
walking
out, however, he
bu111ped into another coordinator
and when confronted about it,
Pedro Castillo replied, "You wanna

30

Letter:

Ped1ro Castillo

take this outside?" The disruption continued as Pedro Castillo continued the altercation
outside by arguing with 111e1nbers of the co1n1nittee just feet
away fro1n the audience.
Thongh it was a brief conflict, the interference left lasting effects on the event, the
audience and the coordinators.
Not only had he inten11pted
ai1other speaker's space, llis
actions were still intem1pt ing
after he had left. The a1nbiance had left the atmoophere,
and all that re1nained was sheer
silence and awkwardness, and
ai1 ainple ainount of time was wasted trying the rega in the focus of
the crowd Eve1yone 's comfort and respect had been infringed upon
By abusing his power and taking control, Pedro Castillo had shown
that the event , the audience and the organizers did not have to be
respected, and by continuing the debate outside, he was personally
attacking 1ne1nbe1sof the co1n1nittee and acting in a very inapp ropriate, unprofessional 1nanner. Paiticipants of the event we re forced to
leave with thei r experience having been altered.

-.. IVERSl

OF'
OP~\JPl

EX\~M

Some of you might not know who Alette Kendrick is
or what the UC Activist Defense Committee is. That's
alright. So~e of you might not know the legacy and
practice of rac sm·-here at ucsc. That is definitely not
alright. So et's set ttie scene:
On O.,ctober18, 2006, UC olice targeted, bn1talized and arrested sn'iiient activist Alette Kenchick at.a ~na ss Rrotest~against
the UC Rl}gents. In the process , two other students - Steve Stor111oenand Tani Thole - were also arrested While the charges
were droppeclagainst Steve (.a.white !llille), and he..rec ived only
a qua1ter of acaaemic proba ~on, and wljile T; · (a white ~ale
Ahunna) received minimal re~rcussions, the uesc adnlinistration atten1ptedito 1nake an example out of Alette ~a black woman)
by seeking a 3-year suspe115ion for the 2n d"year student. This
is believed to ave been the laigest at e1n~ed smpe115ion in the
school's histo ir . By June of2007, }i coorpnated ca1npaign organized by Alett~ \ her friends and alhes in tlie UC Activist Defe115e
Com1nittee succ~sfully forced the administra tion to back down,
allowing Alette to return to school with only 2 qua1ters (stun1ner
and fall) suspe11.5ioILBelow is an analysis of the case.
The University does not live in a bubble. We are a part of
a broader group of s~te1ns. Systelll5 that dominate the way we
understand ourselves and the way we are understood. In a world
where pove1ty, hunger and state violence dispropo1tionately targets people of color - how can anyone say that racism does not
exist? With thes systelll5 in place, we need to ask ourselves
questions like:
• Who can afford to go to the University?
• Why aren't there more people of color int · · system, even
though people of color represent a majority of th e.,._
population
of Califonlia? (see Ethnic Studies p. 26)
"\._
• Why is it that • uch a large ry~nt of young males 0f color
se1ve on the frontlines of war and ao.ot occupy empty cl assrooms?
/
\
• Why do militall)' recn1iters J pend most oft eir time in com1nunities of/color and working class comm\1nities ?' (~ee Recrui ters Lies . 22)
The University, like any socia ,
s ten1, exerts its control ~ th the conj 1ued cri1ninalization and urveil-

_ 1"'='...,...,

lance of people of color -- just like the repressive state syste111
that 1nany Un iversity s tudents like to think they are outside of.
Regarding the cri1ninalization of people of color, Angela Davis
writes, 'To deliver up bodies destined for profitab le punishment ,
the political econon1y of p1isons relies on racialized assu1nptio11s
of crinlinality -- such as i111agesof black welfare 1nothers reproducing crinlinal children -- and on racist practices in arrest, conviction, and sentencing patte nl.5." Ad1ninistrators accused Alette
of "violent behavior " like s pitting at police. Alette was not s pitting, but that behavior was attributed to her and she was cha1ged
by the UC admiilistration, and found "respo nsible ," for that behavior. No white protestors were even accused of these "crin1es"
-- even though the protestors at the rally were overwhelmingly
white. Why was Alette's body cri1ninalized and not the actio11.5
of the white protesters? Why was their behavior attributed to the
body of a wo1nan of color?

To DISAPPEAR: To kidnap and never return; to detain and
never release; to make invisible by means of murder, incarceration, or ban ishment.
For the ad111inistrationof UCSC, 01gailized resistance is tantamount to a social problen1, and criminalization and disappearance
are their pai1acea. The ad1niilistration's response to student and
worker resistance to UC policies has been to: increase policing
and surveillance; attempt to remove activists fro1n the campus by suspernion and
tennination of employn1ent; violently
suppress acts of resistance (including beatings and the u,;e

2007 Disorientation

Guide

31

of pepper spray against student protesters); and, as in Alene 's
case, the cri1ninalization of resistance with the goal of incarceration. The persecution of Alette by the UC fits into a pattern of
systemic racist cri1ninalization and incarceration of people of
color. Angela Davis states, "Imprisonment has become the response of first resort to far too n1any of the social preb lems that
burden people who are ensconced in poverty. These problems
often are veiled by being conveniently grouped together under
the category 'cri 1ne' and by the automatic attribution of crinlinal
behavior to people of color."
The same racist syste1ns that "deliver up bodies destined
for profitable punishment" were at work against Alette's body.
The goal of the UC -- let's not forget -- was for Alette to be
incarcerated Is it any coincidence that the original sentence of
three years of suspension fro1n UCSC n1atches up exactly with
the tl1ree-year maxinnun jail sentence for the charges that wer e..
initially filed against Alette in the cri1ninal case? Were the administrators of UCSC expecting or hoping that Alette would be
incarcerated for three years? When asked at a Student Town
Hall meeting if they wantedAlette to go to jail, Altna Sifuentes,
Chancellor Bhunenthal , and other key adtninistrators refused to
answer the questio11 In doing so, they upheld the prison system
as a just and legitimate response to political protest , and admitted their position in support of incarceration for Alette Kendrick
Of key significance is the fact that they - the UC ad1ninistrato1s
- did not succeed: Organized resis tance to the UC 's attempts to
disappear Alette was victorious: Alette did not go to jail and her
suspension was reduced from three years to two academic quarters i1nn1ediately follow ing the May 24, 2,007 rally at Ken · Hall.

--

SENTENCING
On October 18, 2006, Alette was arrested with two white activis ts. One of the activists was a white 111aleUCSC student; i1litially, he was cha1ged with many of the sa111ecri1nes as Alette and
the third. Witllin a matter of days , the DistrictAtton1ey dropped
all charges against the white 1nale s tudent , saying that there was
not enough evidence to suppott a convictio11 Sign ificantly , the
UC Police were asked to make revisions to the police repoq and
to fill in more details about the arrest of Alette . This inforn1ation
shows a disinvestment on the patt of the police and prosecu to1s
in the conviction of the white 1nale vis a vis the persecution of
Alette , a black woman.
The Office of Student Affairs i1litially sentenced Alette to
three yeats of suspension , which n1ay be the harshest and longest
sentence of Stlipension ever n1eted out by UCSC . Inf ormation
about suspensions is located in sealed records , which 111akesresearch of this issue close to i1npossible. Our asse1tion that this
1nay be the longest-ever sentence is based on the histo 1ical 1ne1n01y of faculty. We encourage the Office of Student Affai1s to
release data to either suppo1t or ref ute our argu1nent.
By contrast , the white 1nale s tudent arrested along withAlette
received one quaiter of acadetnic probatio11 In the context of

32

racialized sutveillance, criminalization and sentencing practices,
and given a co1nparison of the lists of acctl5ation.s against Alette
and the wllite 1nale UCSC student, along with a comparison of
their sentences, we can conclude that the three-year suspension
sentence is not justified and that it is almost certainly racially

motivated.
Notab ly, the UCS 6 administration was more zealous in its
persecution ofAlette than the-:office of the district attorney. The
UCSC adnli1listration filed nine charges againstAlette and fotmd
her "responsible " for all nine , whereas the district atton1ey only
filed two charges against Alette.

LEGITIMATE SPACES
.J n the context of increased state spending on prisons at the
expense of higher education , the illegality of affinnative action
in Califon1ia, and the recent Su pre1ne Court ruling upholding
-strict scn1tiny and outlawing the use of race in volunta1y school
desegregation plans, we can see very clearly the state project
of constn1cting prisons as legiti1nate spaces for people of color.
This process includes specifically delegitimizing the presence of
people of color at u1live1s ities. Angela Davis states, "It is obviOlLSthat education is inc reas ingly resetved for ce1tain people,
while priso ns are resetved for others . Five ti111esas 1nany black
1nen are presently in prison as in fotu·-year colleges and u1liversities. This new segregation has dangerotLS itnplications for the
entire country " (Davis). Just as the s tate is channeling 1noney
away fio1n the UC syste1n to build more spaces in prison s, the
UC is pushin g out people of color to "1nake roo1n for son1ebody
else. " Fo r whotn are they creating space in ptison? Where did
the Office of Student Affairs intend for Alette to go? For who1n
was Alette 's "place " at UCSC intended?
CONCLUSION
All of these questions are left tmanswered for a reason. Ulti1nately, we did fight for Alette to re1nain in school. In doing so,
we organized against the inherent racis111that exists witllin the
U1liversity. AND WE WON . But the fight doesn 't stop here.
Un less we undetstand the intricacies of how the Un iversity , the
priso n indtLStrial co1nplex, the 1nilitary ind tLSttial complex, and
policing are all inte1twined -- we will continue to face racist professo1s, ad1ninistrato1s, and classroo1ns. One lesson we can take
fro111Alette 's victory is that once we orga1lize, they can never
s top tLS
. Unt il we build our own Univetsity , we mtlit fight the
sys te111as 1nuch as we work witllin it.
To Find Out More:
• Davis, Ange la Y. "Masked Racism: Reflections on the Prison Industrial Complex." ColorLines, Winter 1998.

For more deta ils on the group arrest , please refer to
Alette 's personal narrative on the UCADC website:

''http://www.ucactivistdefense.org''

TENT UNIVERSITY
A Lesson in Repression

Y,j 1es

s'3-\( '3-Vve

Du1ingthe week of April 18, 2005, Tent UniversitySanta Cruz
was establishedin orderto highlightthe lack of de1nocracywithin the UC
by settingup an alten1ative, autonon1ousuniversityin tents at the base of
campus. Many teachers chose to hold their classesat Tent U, and an array
of workshops(ranging fro1nhow to n1akenatural dyes, to understanding
the "budget C1isis
") ,vere taught by students and com1nunityme111bers.
Althougheve1yonehad their own 1nolivesforparticipation, the space ,vas
born out of a n1ounlingdiscontentpetvasivethroughoutthe student body.
As the University continued to cut programs, inC1
·ease tuition, and pay Forthenextl\vohours , studentspracworkers Jess than a living ,vage (1neanwhileallotting nlillions of dollars !icing civil disobediencewere b1utalin executivebonuses),the Tent U Crew set out to "reclai111
the U11iversity ized by Santa Cn1zpolice officers, as
as our own, " as the 1nottowent. In a wllirlwindof bra$1l.ness
, e111pow
- well as the Berkeley 1iot police, who
ern1entand creativity,we gathered in the public eye against the glaring had been called in the day before to ascorruptionof lligl1ereducation. We soug!1tto hold the event without the sist with the task of disper$'ion
, using
approvalof the acbninistra.tion. TI1iswas done as a state111ent
againstthe "pain con1pliance tactics." With hancls
possibilityof Cl·eatingrevolutionarychangefron1witllin an institution so sheatl1edin blue latex gloves, police officersjabbed their tluunbs fo(ceinherently corn1pt, and as a teslatnentto the power of people to "Resist, fully into pres$·ure points beneath the chins of the protesters so that they
Create,U11ite"outside of established institutionsaltogether.
would either pass out or give up fron1tlie pain. TI1epolice also gouged
Tiueatened by tllis, the adtninistrationplotted to subve1tthe eyes, twisted legs, and wrenched wdsts in an atten1ptto get resisting
event througl1a number of avenues. TI1e---------------------students to release tl1eir grip fron1 each
first proble1nsarose before Tent u even
With handssheathedin blue latex gloves, police
other's clasping hands. Media gathered
began when the official ucsc ,veb$'ite officersjabbedtheirthumbsforcefully into pressure out$'i:deof the tent~and hundreds of onslandered tl1e organizers and a1111ounced pointsbeneath the chinsof the protestersso that lookers enci1·cledthe chaos. A n1yriad
that there would be inadequate sanitation theywouldeitherpassout or giveup from the pain! of ehants ros~ and fell a1nidstpleading,
and unsafe conditions. On the point of
singing, ctying2 and screan1ing coining
sanitation: the Universityhad prollibit ed eve1yport-a-potcy con1pany in fro1n every direction. Gagging and spittingwith the tl1ought that at any
the area fro1nselling to us, despite tfie fact that we had raised sufficient n101nent I was next, tl1e deseerate c1yof ''we are peaceful, you are viofundsf t s for safety? Well, what we didn't foresee w-~ tba~it '¾ould be lent!" filled tny ears. As we watched the police bn1talizeour loved ones
the Utli~ rsity itself that would create a situation that '1:as ~te unsafe for ltyjng to work toward positive ehange, a new chantnu1gout :fro111
the
indeecl..,..
crowd ''who are you protectingij "
TI1e first;day of Tent U Monday, April 18, ,vas tenned "TI1e
What went down tl1at night at Tent Unive1;sity 1uadeit all too
Day of Mass De~ eragy." Hunclr_eds
Bfstudent5"'nd con1muni~m£ Ill· clear that ,vhat the police are protectingis power. In tllis case, tl1at111eant
bers showedup and broke off into diseussiongroups to decide~ hethef or sllieldingthe Uttiversity fi'on1 the e111barss1
11ent of having its corruption
not we shouldcatnp at tl1ebase of ca111pus. Disregardingthe University's challenged and eiq;,osed Tue biggest concern of the U1liv~si~f Calistrict wanlipgs tha~ca111ping
was prollibited, the group decided tluough fonlia, in spite oJits pwgaganda and doublespeak, is to n1aintain'ts status
the process of consensus to ca111p
at the base anyway.
as a tnoney-makiu.gent.el;f)rise."Tilis is not an issue of free speech,;' said
At,~ 15 p.tlli aftee a day char~ d with rally,ing
. di·seussion, and fonner ChanceU,or D\ nton ''rather,it is a 111atter
of ensuringthe_.l,
-tudents'
celebration,Jliesluill erie,.!!
of our emergea~ wltistles blew out'aerosstb,e safet),jand p_;;~Js.eJi
11
~!! 1e orderly conduct of our educationalmtssion."
field All at onee, dozens of Santa Cn1zpolice ca(s eaUiedinby ca1npus Sitting in ,111
~~
ow4 cirele,)l.lltchingpolice tear at 1n~ frien~ Iha :ve
offiei,als rolled up to the scene. At tllis point, approxin1<1tel
~ 7,0 students ever felt Jess safe 4!,tn_):life. The Universitydoes not carewhat ~tudents
proceeded to "loek_down" in circles of tens, a teclutique of non-,riolent wa11.t!-The UC Re~ents, as 1nanagers of baseball tean1s and CEOs of
resm,t
au~e }Y
llich,JY.<1
ny ,g!us had learned ear~ th,at da.j" fro1nrenowned 111aJor
corporations, are entire!~re11
1oved fro111
the notions of justice and
aeti\~~ Da;vidSoln.i,'t
. Inte~ ngly, tl1e base of' ealnpusis ch1ssified11sa democra~
alo11.e
ani true eoneen1for public education(sse Regents
"~ee s eecl1zone" Can absu~d term to begin ,vtth),only betweenthe hours ~ ~'ll)- The vi_olenceused to SllJ;'l
~fe_ssTent Universi~ as llideot~sl
)j ~!k
of 8 a.111.
to 8 p.1u, Beyond tbe octal hour, it becotn es ptivateproperty of behe:va
.ble as 11see1ned,was yet entirely,to be expected TI1e Utuve~
the UC Regents, and so by refu$'ingto lea;vestudents were chargedwith ,v,illslop at nothing to perpetuateits cycle ofl'exploitation and profit, even
tresyassfu~ nd were !P'dered by police to di'~ e1;se.
if ii 1nust go so far as to stt·angle, fiterally, the voices of dissent.
1

wt

2007 Disorientation

Guide

33

1999 II UC adopts a Code of Con duct for Trade-

September 2005 II Stu dent s aro un d the nation, headed by the inter-

n1ark L icensees after dealing with intense pressure
from students and beco 1n e s a fo un ding n1ember of
the Workers Rig hts Consortiun1 (WRC) , a n on-profit
facto ry mo n itor that is i nde pendent of appare l indus try.

natio n al studen t organizi ng body United Students Agai nst Sweatshops
(USA S ), unveils a program to con cen trate the university app arel ma rket
into a s1naller number o f factories , 1naking enfo rce1nent easie r and co 1nplia nce obl igatory. Called the Designated Suppliers Progra111(DSP),

2000 II University apparel i s sourced from factories
tha t 1) respect workers' rig ht to associate , 2) pay a
living wage , 3) pay overti1ne, 4) don 't use chi ld or
otherwise forced labor, 5) co1nply with health and
safety laws , 6) do n 't discri1ninate against, harass , or
abu se wor kers .

1999-2005 II Conditions i1nprove in several facto1-ies around the wo rld because of pressure from un ive rsity codes of con du c t. Hovvever, those very ini-

prove111e11ts
have been under111ined as brands bega11
cutting orders to these factories , clai1ning that they
were beco,ning 'too e.Apensive.' Brands have been
able to c1tt-and-rnn jro111good factories to sweatshops because universi1y codes of conduct haven't
been able to effectively enforce co111plia11ce
. This
is because there are tho11sands, upon tho11sands
, of
factories being used to produce 1t11.iversity
apparel
around the lvorld. It is in1poss ible to externally 1no11i
tor these 1uunberswith any accuracy.

Factories lvill be approved by the iv.RC along the lines of university
codes of conduct). Brands will have to either shift production or bring
their olvnfactories 11pto code i11order to conti1u1eusing the,n to pro duce university apparel. SweaJshops lvill be phased out over a period
of 3 to 4 years.

October 2005 II UCSC Sweat F ree Coalition holds a rally to de1nand
the UC adop t the DSP , including a provision to purc h ase non -sweats hop
unifo11ns for wor kers on can1pu s.

February 8, 2006 II We meet wit h 0 1ancellor Denton for the first
(and as of May 1st only) ti ,ne. She tells us to stay in touch wi th her assistant and to bri ng her more ' proof ' of can1pus support for tl1is issue .

February 10, 2006 II 400 students rally outside of tl1e UC Office of
the Pres iden t (UCOP) to demand a "SweatFree" univers ity.

March 1, 2006 II Naked Protest h eld at th e base of th e UCSC ca1npus .
Otl1er n aked protests and oth er actions happen at oth er UC ca1npuses as
well.

March 10, 2006 1117 students fro1n various UC campuses (San Diego , Riverside , Santa C111z,Berkeley, Da vi s) infiltrate UCOP an d stage
of "pr eview" sit-in for one hour to detnand that President Dynes adopt
tl1e DS P \¼ are given an appointuient to 1neet wi1h President Dynes

on April 6--he subsequent(y cancels this ,neeting and declares that he
would attend the Code of Conduct Conunittee 1neeting, instead, on
April 13th, (which he later reneged on as well).

....
C.
0
.I:

March 16, 2006 II We put on a "Sweatshop Fas hion Show " in the
quarry plaza to highl ight the fact tl1at o ur Sl ug wea r is sti ll made in
sweatshops.

April 11, 2006 II We conunence 2 sit -ins to demand that the UC finally
adopt the DSP . The sit-ins ha ppe n at the ch ancello r s' of fices at Berkeley
and Riverside . 18 students are arreste d at Berkeley after 2 hours . 10
students are arrested at Riverside after nearly 12 hours.

May 5, 2006 II TI1e UC o fficiall y adopts the DSP! Students and workers win! TI1e uniform issu e is postponed for further review. TI1e UC
joi ns over 20 other universities and colleges around the nation that have
already ado pted the program.

34

AnInjury
toOneisanInjury
toAll!
Labor Orga11.izing at UCSC
workers who co1ne fro1n
tl1e1n, the university treats
tl1e1n as expendable . Tilis
does not even co111eclose to constituting a public service; instead , it is ba sed entirely in private interests and on p1ivate 1nodels,
only thi s co1poration u ses public funds and the
fees and tuition of 1nany hardworking students
to se1ve the already lich and powerful.
The Unive rsity can more than afford to take
on its rol e as a public institution properly, to
treat its en1ployees witl1 digility and to keep its
doors open to all students who wish to learn.
Instead, it edges out n1ore and more students
with each fee hike and tuition increase. Instead ,
it denies its en1ployees salari es that n1eet the
cost of living , and itnposes greater and greater
Unfort unately, the University of Califonlia , workloads on the sa1ne number of workers , direc tly decreasing ilie quality of education and
wllich functions essentially as one of the largstudent life at UCSC.
est corporations in the state (see Regent s p.17) ,
What happens to the stuplus 111
011eythat the
also has one of the worst reputations as an e1nUnive rsity 1nakes each year? It 's clearly not
ployer. Fro1n its inception , the UC has been
going to workers. It's ce1tainly not going to our
charged with labor violation s: unsafe working
overcrowded classi·oo1ns, sluinking libra1y or
condition s, poverty-level wage s and refusal to
overburdened TAs . Where is all of tllis 111011ey
negotiate in good faith with labor unions.
going ?! And what can we do to get it back?
Labor unions are the pri1na1y organizations
The conunihnent to stand up together for
that represent workers and negotiate for their
all working people 's right s is one of the 1nost
rights with their employer s. TI1ey protect workers from tu1lawful te1minatio11and harassinent , funda1nental principles of the labor n1ovement , botl1 etl1ically and sh·ategically. Solidar and organize to increa se job sec urity, wages and
ity • the key to resistance • develops when we
opportunities against the incessant rollbacks of
build personal connections with the people in
co1poration s and ow· govenunent. Most importantly, labor unions can build solidarity a111011g our co1nmunities. Get to know the people who
clean your donns and cla ssroon1s, the people
group s of people who are all interested in the
who ch·ive your buses and process your finansa1ne tiling: i1nproving their ability to defend
cial aid pape1work. Building relationsllip s and
their rights and the value of their labor • no
alliance s like this is not only crucial to resisting
simple ta sk at UC. Interested pri1nalily in pre sthe rollback of our education , it also gives us a
tige , power and profit , the achninistrators and
gli1npse of what is lost in a system wllich priorRegents of the University can be counted on to
tizes profit over people.
fight each year against the legally justified and
entirely reasonable requests of its e1nployees. And for what? UC i s a public institution and yet it puts away record profits eve1y fiscal clo se. Why? Becau se
it's p1ioritie s have notl1ing to do with
ilnp rovi ng education and the co111munitie s on and around ca111puses
(see p. 11). Rather than respect tl1e
st1n·ounding conllllunities and the

WELCOME TO THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA (RUZ.
In your first weeks here you will probably
do son1e,if not all, of the following things: buy
books at the Baytree Bookstore;stand in linefor
a new student ID; eat n1ealsin the dining halls;
take showers in a regularly cleaned dorm bathroon1,and throw last nights beer cans into the
just-eraptied dun1psteroutside your building.
As you do each of these things, take a n1inute
to consider ivhat is happeningaroundyou. This
university is staffed by thousands of people who
do everythingji·vn1 teach your classes to clean
your con1n1onroom. Consider that it is these
people who n1ake your university experience
here possible. The University 1-v
orks because
they do.

2007 Disorientation

Union Cheat Sheet
AFSCME
Associationof
Federal, State, Clericaland
MunicipalEmployees:
groundskeepeis,cmtodiam, shuttl
driversand dining hall workeis.
asg@afscme3299.org
831.425.4822

AFT American Federation of
Teachers:lectureis.
www.cft.org, rwaft@aolcom

UAW UnitedAuto Worlcers:
Teacheis Assistants

www.uaw2865.org
santacruz@uaw2865.org
831.423.9737.

CUE Coalition of University
Employees:clerical workers .
www .cueunion.org
cueorganizer @cruzio.com

UPTE University Professional
and TechnicalEmployees:
technical support, lab assistants,
researchers.
www.uJie-ucsc.edu

uiie@uiie-ucsc.org
831.429.8783

Guide

35

The Year to Come
UCServiceWorkersFight for a Fair Contrad

c .·

Son1etin1esI forget who n1ns this university. A111idst
~he P?111pand cir_cunIStanceth~t _surrounds ad111in.·,
.
istrat1ve figures, 1t can be dece1vmg. But re111e111- · .
ber: UC is nothing without its students
·
and workers. So when the ad111inistration, police , regents, or whoever wants
,( ·
to steal what little fund5 or choices we
have, we need to 01ganize. We do this
in a variety of ways on our ca111pus.For
workers , a strong option is to unionize.
And a strong exan1ple of these uni om is
AFSCME Local 3299.
In the past, the university has abused
its workers in a variety of ways. Usually
its attack is at health care, pensions, or
living wages. However , the struggles vary
widely. For instance, during the past su111111er
,
n1any dining workers were put on furlough. Essentially this mean<;they were laid off for the stunn1er because there wasn 't work for then1 to do. Or so
the 1111ive1sity
and dining hall n1anagement clai111ed.Actually
there was work , but the 111anage111ent
wanted cheaper labor. They
hired a large nwnber of temp workers with low wages and no
benefits , to se1ve in the place of career workers. And this is where
the union was important. At an inco111ingstudent orientation, AFSCl\ffi workers , students , and conununity supporters picketed
for workers to get their jooo back. Because of the e111barrass1nent
and their 1u1derstanding of tmion power, the 111anagementbacked
down and offered the jooo to their rightful owners.
This year , the stniggle for AFSCME is serious. Contract negotiatio11Shave beg1111
and 111uchis at stake. For the first ti111ein
25 years, AFSCME is having to negotiate basic rights to health
care and pemions. In addition, they are seeking pay steps , so that
a worker who has been at the university many years isn't still
getting paid a starti ng wage. It's all very si111ple.It's reasonable.
It's just.
But the university is already playing dirty. For i11Stance,they
hired Hill and Knowlton , a public relatiorr, finn that has represented the tobacco industry , oil indust1y, the lead and asbestrn
industries , Enron, and Wa!Ma1t. They ' re also the ones who made
up the term' eco-terrorists' to apply to environmental activists. So

t\,hiar:y
...
Wncoi,e
TO

36

what does the university need with them? To spin the
negotiation process favorably for the university
· ·
.
in the press. That's how afraid they are.
·
There have already been a few bargaining sessions. At the opening session, university reps were already trying to bust the
union. They were atte111ptingto divide the
111embersinto thrne on ca111puses,and thrne
at 111edicalcente1s, offering medical staff a
better contract right away. Well, AFSCME
was not fooled and refused the offer. They
understand that together we are stronger.
The next year is going to bring a lot of
st111ggle, and the students are a key co111ponent of the actio11 Whether it was dumping the 111ultinationalcorporation Sodexho,
fighting for wage parity, or reimtating worke1s after illegal firings, students have always
been a strong force in pushing the university
towards justice. The following 111onthswill bring another opporttuiity for us to stand together with workers in
solidarity. We' 11to be there for wo rkers when they need us 1110,t.
One union, one fight.

April 14, 2005: Workers , students, and community members
shut down UCSC campus during UC-wide AFSCME strike.

After a long stniggle to protect and itnprove our rights as
workers at the University of Califon1ia, teaching assistants,
readers (i.e.graders), and tutors finally won union recognition in
1998. Our union is the United Auto Workers, Local 2865 (www.
uaw2865.org). We bargain a statewide contract with the UC every
three years. This contract, which outlines our rights (e.g. job security) and benefits ( e.g. wages, healthcare , fees), is currently being re-negotiated. We've been in baigaining since March 1 of the
spring quarter and our current contract expires Septetnber 30th,
2007. But the University is known for its unenviable ability to
111oveat a glacial pace when negotiating with UC unions. Cun·ent
contract negotiations are no exception.
Our list







of detnands in baigaining is itnpressive. They include:
Improved protections against excessive workload
Strengthening our non-discritnination clause
Sectu-ing stronger job sectu-ity rights
Strengthening our healthcare
Winning wage increases that actually keep up with the
increased CO'ltof living eve1y year (itnagine that!)
Protecting and expanding coverage of our tuition fees.

I will highlight two areas of our demands that dese1ve special attention: healthcare and workload
Our health benefits are in dire need of itnprove111ent.In.stead
of the CO'ltly health benefits we ctu-rently receive, we want affordable health, dental, and vision coverage. We also are de1nanding full health coverage for our children, dotnestic partners, and
spouses. Cun·ently this coverage is so cO'ltly t hat our children often qualify for state healthcare aid We are also detnanding that
the University stop discritninating agairr,t transgender people
in healthcare.
Transgender
tra nsition-related se1vices and
procedures are presently not
covered in mO'lt undeigraduate

and graduate student ca1npus-based healthcare
plans, whereas the UC e1nployee healthcare
plans are "transgender-inclusive." We strongly
feel that providing these health services to all people
who are tra nsgender is a si1nple matter of social justice;
it's t111con.scionablefor the UC to continue to discritninate against
an already stig1natized co1n1ntmity.
We are also de1nanding that the UC s top overworking us by
conceding to Olll' propO'lal to strengthen Olll' workload rights. One
of our n10'lt in1portant propO'lals is to achieve a contractual protection against out of control class sizes. When each teaching assistant, for instance, is responsible for leading discussion section and
grading papers and tests for too many s tudents, we ' re being overworked and unde1graduate students in our classes are being short
changed This prop05al is thus 1neant not only to preven t ourselves
from being overworked, but it's also 1neant to improve the quality of education that undergraduates receive at the Unive1sity of
California. With reasonable class sizes, we can spend 1nore time
providing each student with the help and attention they need and
deserve. Full arbitrability, another de1nand, 1neans that at the end
of the grievance proce dure a neutral third patty decides what the
resolution should be for a workload dispute. Another i1npo1tant
de111and, union standing to grieve, would allow the union to file
grievances when a workload proble 1n arises. Together, winning
these workload den1ands would 111arkan extraordinary in1proven1ent of the UC's cutTent working and learn!'""""'"I ing conditions.
To get the University to stop stalling
and start 1noving, we need to exert pressure on them at the very beginn ing of the
fall quaiter. We' re hoping to achieve a
new and i111provedcontract by the expiration of our cu1Tent contract on
September 30 th, but this will only
happen if the whole ca1nptl'l
~
conm1unity wo rks in solidarity with each other to force
the University to stop
stalling.
Interested in
helping out or
learning more?
Email
santacruz@
uaw2865.org
or call 831-423-9737.

e<.r
to.:>e.

ll~))

~~\lt

2007 Disorientation

Guide

37

Here's the thing: it seenis that the version of "sex-ed " that
n1any of us were taught in high school was pathetically li1nited
and, 1nore often than not , downright 1nessed up. While so1ne of us
are taught to be asha1ned, silent, and passive - others are taught to
be ashamed, silent, and aggressive to over-co1npensate. But too
often none of us are taught how to ask questions, to know that we
can have boundaries, or to be co1nfortable asserting the1n!
We think co 1isent is a key part of sex-ed that is left out. \Ve
also think that it's i1nportant for people of all ages to be in co,istant
dialogue about safe and healthy sex. No ne of us are ever too old to
learn about this stuff. Co,isent isn 't defined the san1e by everybody,
and co,isent is never assumed with strangers or long-ter1n partners.
It is an ongoing process at each new stage of intimacy , and is only
possible through honest and respectful communication.
Consent is about creating the oppo1tunity in inti111ate1no1nents
to face your partner in deeper, 1nore honest , and 1nore fully satisfying ways; it is about actually being bodi ly present with ourselves
and with each other. It is the ca, 1nic YES of wholly present living. Healthy con1mu1lication and verbal consent helps people to
beco1ne aware of what they really want sexual ly, find ways to 1nake
a pa1tner aware of their boundaries, and to be aware of what their
pa1tner is comfortable with sexual ly. It is about striving for conscious and confident inti1nacy.
Consent is about a fully affinnative YES. Not an a111biguous
yes , or a well-not-really-but-ok-I-guess-yes. Certainly not a silentno yes, or an ouch-but-I'm-afraid-to-hurt-your-feelings
yes. Consent is about YES, UH HUH, ABSOLUTELY , YIPPEE YAHOO
YES! Being with son1eone who you are sure REALLY WANTS
to be with yotl Being with so111eonewho you are sure YOU REALLY WANT to be with . THAT is EXCITING, is EROTIC, is
DEEP, is GREAT, is Y ES! That is consent.
Co,isent is also about NO, hearing that a person is really NOT
OK being with you in this way or that way , and being ab le to tell
a person that you are NOT OK doing tllis or that. It is also about
the EXPECTATION that they will RESPECT your choices , your
requests, and your answers to their requests WITHOUT de1iding

- UC police quell the crowd
with pepper spray (a first in UC
history) and arrest 3 students.
Chancellor Blumenthal shows
no concern about the pepper
spraying and condemns the
protest. Later the administration
tries to make an example out
of one of the arrestees, a black
woman named Alette Kendrick,
by suspendingher for 3 years.

you, manipulating you, or threatening you in any way. This is about
respecting that each person, for WHATEVER REASONS they
choa,e , has a right to define why and how they will be touched, at
any tin1e or step along the way, no matter what you intend or want
to share with the111(and vice versa). And because we co111efro111a
culture that so often disrespects personal sexual choices - through
confusing dyna,nics , gender role socializations, sexual 111anipulation, abuse and violence - it should be acknowledged that part of
consent is co1Tective. It helps us all learn to SPELL OUT THE
NO'S so that each of us may feel freer and safer being assertive
about and affir111edwhen we SPEI I , OUT THE YESES.

Talk about consent with friends, dates, lovers, partners,
roommates, or whoever! Here are some questions to
get you started:
• How do you define consent?
• Do other people define it differently?
• Do you think about people's abuse histories?
• Have you ever been u,isure about whether or not the person you
were being sexual wit h wanted to be doing w hat you were doing?
Did you talk about it? Ignore it?
• How does co,isent change in long te11n relationshi11,?
• Do you think it's the other person's responsibility to say if they
aren't into what you ' re doing?
• Do you check in as tilings progress or do you assu1ne that the
01iginal co1isent 1nea11Seve1ything is ok?
• How ,night so1neone express that what is happening is not ok?
• Do you thi nk it's possible to 1nisinterpret silence for consent?

2007
• February 15: "Money for Wages,
Not for War" rally calls for a
reprioritization of resources to
focus on the needs of low-paid
service workers rather than on
weapons development and war.
The rally correspondswith antiwar student strikes on several
other campuses nation-wide.
• April 17: With major protests
imminent, military recruiters

38

withdraw from upcoming spring
job fair.
• May 1 - 4: The Movement for
ImmigrantRightsAlliance(MIRA)
organizes a week of actions
and awareness in support of
immigrant rights and May Day.
• May 7 - 1O: The Committee for
Justice in Palestine organizes
Palestine Awareness Week
events including a mock checkpoint establishedby Baytree.

Here are some ways to ask in the heat of the
moment. But don't forget, talking about these
things before gettin' all naked is often better.
• Mayl ____
?
touch ___
?
kiss___
?
put n1y________
?
• Are you into this?
• How are you feeling?
• What would you like Ille to do?
• I think it's hot when my pa1tner does ___
to Ille.
• What do you like?
• Where do you see this going?
• What should I look for if you start to shut down? "

·------------- ..
I
I
I

I
I
I

I
I
I

I
I
I
I

"No" means no
"Wait. .. " means no
"I'd rather be alone" means no
"I have a boyfriend/g irlfriend " means no
"Not now " means no
"Maybe later" means no
"Let's just go to sleep" means no
"Uhhh ... " means no
"It hurts" means no
"Fuck you" means no (Fuck me means yes)
'Tm not in the mood " means no
"You're not my type" means no
"I really like you but. .." means no
"You're drunk/ I'm drunk" means no
"I'm not sure" means no
"Stop" means no
"Don't touch me" means no
Silence means no
Staying still means no

I
I
I

I
I
I

The UCSC Health Center provides a variety of essential
services. Check out their website (http://www2.ucsc .edu/
healthcenter/) to find resources such as:
The Condom Co-op
The Condom Co-op provides condoms, dental dams, lubricants and other safer sex supplies to the campus community
at a lower cost than you would find anywhere else. Start ing
around the third week of each quarte1;._
students staff the Coop at various times around campus . vo-op stuff can also be
found at the Health Center Pharmacy. They also carry polyurethane condoms/dams for peop le who are allergic to latex,
and do not recommend using sperm icide because it often
irritates , increasing the risk of STD transmission.
HIV Peer Counseling & Testing
All undergraduate UCSC students are eligible for free &
anonymous HIV test ing provided by highly trained Peer Test
Counselors. Call (831) 459-4679 with questions or to set up
an appointment. They also have informat ion about gett ing
tested for other STDs.

I

Health Center Pharmacy
Open daily 9AM - noon; 1:30 - 4:45PM.
Will fill any contraceptive prescriP-tions (pill, patch , ring, injec tion , diaphragm , cervical cap). Oral contraceptive prescriptions can often be filled at the health center pharmacy much
more cheaply than elsewhere. Can also provide Emergency
Contraception and counseling.

I
I
I

Rape Prevention Education
Run not only educational programs but also offer support.
459-2721

I
I
I

.._____________ ..
I
I

Resources for
Sexual Bliss!

I
I

This is only the start!
Think about d1inking, drugs, and consent.
Think about su1vivor s upport.
Think about having workshops, discussion,;, and potlucks
to talk about safe and healthy sex.

Content borrov,edfro,n:
- Christina Cappelletti of the Sexual Offen<;ePrevention
and Survivors' Advocacy Progra1ll
- Hyste1ia Collective (hysteriacollective @yahoo.co1ll)
- Cindy frro1llDorisdorisdoris. co1ll

Off Campus:
Your local sexshop, Camouflage, also carries lots of goodies. Check it out at 1329 Pacific Avenue. If your in the city,
San Francisco's Good Vibrations , offers sex toys galore in a
comfortable environment run by women.
Planned Parenthood is also a good place to get cheap or
free contraceptives , abortion services , and prenatal care.
Located downtown at 1119 Pacific Avenue.
Check out www.santacruzhealth.org for a list of all the places in Santa Cruz County to get Emergency Contraception
(aka "the morning-after pill "). Find out pharmacy hours,
location, and whether or not you need a prescription.

2007 Disorientation

Guide

39

e don't hav that 111 tili ng we do just for the pleasure
of it, ju,t because 0010w they\l . ,.ike-us~eel or how they're 1naking
other people feel. Prooa
u an think of lots of things that 1natch
this descr iption -pl ay· ;j bu q'us }nusic, cooking wonderfully ,
napping. I encourage
Pj>
t1Jnk of these things, and then go out
and do them - they'reCtilM~ -tn'at1fi~ht the soul-sucking 1nisery that
is capitalis1n. Sex is rig~1;i1rere,'though,
on the list of pleasurefor-its-own-sake activities. And so it bugs 111ethat often sex ends up
being horribly nlis-managed and not fun, or flat out fucked up, or
explicitly an exercise in de111eaningyuckiness. Sex is a good tiling,
and we should have a fabulous tin1e doing it, but we might also need
to keep so1ne guidelines in n1ind. The following are n1y bossy ideas
for how to ke_!U)
the deliciousness-neurosis ratio low.
PART UN E: Before you get to the salty, sweet, sweaty bits
involved with sex, there 's the ti1ne between identifying someone
you'd like to get with and actual canoodling. In n1y experience,
the main neurosis in this patt conies fro111people not being able to
talk to each other etllically. If you're attracted to someone, there are
two tin1es when the responsible tiling to do is tell them how you're
feeling:
1) when you have an idea that they tnight retun1 the
favor, or 2) when you're obsessing, your cnish is catising you
anguish or when it's n1ining your friendship. Ethical divulging of
attraction nli1li111izesthe embarrassment factor inevitably involved
for you1self and your potential smooch-ees. I suggest scripts like
these: "I'd love to hang out with you for the third thne tllis week. But
I want you to know that I have can1al intentions toward yott How
do you feel about that?" or "Can we 1nake out, even though I'1n not
up for a ro111anticrelation.sllip at the 1no1nent?" Notice that these are
verbal representations of what is so111etin1essupposed to be a purely
spontaneotis, you just know " kind of event. Don't get 1ne wrong: I '111
all for wordless goodness. Trouble is that 1noving in, lips puckered,
can leave the recipient of your pucker with no sn1ooth way to take
a bit tnore time, let you know that actually he has a boyfriend in
Baltimore , or whatever.
A way the pre-naked part goes wrong is when your crush is
pure fabrication. This is a non-con.sensual c11ish:the object of your
affection is unaware of your interest, or uninterested, and you peisist
in interpreting their every action as proof of your excellent chances
to so tneday soon nibble their earlobe. Which is why talki ng is good.
The main point: you should refrain fro1n projecting stuff on people
you're into , you should con1municate clearly, gently, and honestly
with them, and you should 1nake evety effort to relinquish unrequited
cnishes. This is also the part where you go out and get tested for
sexually trans1nitted infections, n1ost notably HIV and hepatitis.

9'fi

PART TWO:

And then you've 111adeit to sex narrowly defined
- there's probably kissing, groping, tingly goodness, and perhaps
bare skin Yay! But also, Yipes! What to do? Here I have three
recon1mendations :

1)

Don't base the kind of sex you have on movies, bad ro1nance
novels , or an abstract idea of what you should be doing. Wllile a lot
of the time the naked part is easy and fun, there is a fair chance that
there ' II be some awkwardness. Many of us tend to fall into pattenl5
that are really pretty 111essedup- and rigidly heteronormative sex isn't
fun, even for straight couples. Someti111esyou find youiself in bed
withso1neone who has - or have youiself - difficult or painful histo1y
with sex. So again with the communication, which doesn 't have to
be verbal but can be. Check with your partner(s) as you go, and be
willing to s !lift what you' re doing. Co1nmunicate how you' re doing ,
you1self: If the person you're kissing tunlS out to be a n1assively
tongue-ful kisser , and you prefer upper-lipsubtle licking, de1nonstrate
what you' re into on them and request they try it. This is often a really

40

hard thing to do - .
we' re all willing to
tum other people ·
on, but often have I
a hard ti1ne asking ,
them to change I
what or how they ' re ,
doing things with/to/
llS .

2)

Be willing
.
.
to stop explicitly
\
·..
~
sexual activities, even a .~e-i
·. ~ 1'v'eKev.elope '
a hesitation, say so. Ifyoi
. e w ' · ~,1ng~~9ith
1lipple ;
pinching , say "I' 111good t6g · · 'ti}vt:Ie::~ ing , tifit'iion't'"pfnch
·1
my nipple. " If you want to stop making out altogether, say so. If
the person or people you're in bed with express a wish to stop an
activity - for heaven's sake, stop!

3)

Be willing to expand the horizons of what t urns you on. If your
new honey likes nothing better than going down on you, and you' re
not sure what you think about it, give it a shot. Or if she'd really like
to try sex with a new strap-on in the shower, see if there's a place in
your libido for that. Or if he's into role-plays, play along. If any of
the potential activities are stretches for you, set up time linlits: five
1ninutes of cunnilingtis, unless I tell you explicitly I want you to
keep going. We stop with the strap on if the hot water n1n.sout. And
in general: Don 't fall into the trap of assuming that sex is only sex if
penetra tion happens, or if there are 1nassive yelling orgasnis - these
are fine but unnecessary ingredients . As with pa1t one, the keywords
here are "ethical behavior," which involves co1n1nunication,
emotional flexibility, and being presen t in the 1noment. Finally:
these are still potentially dangerotis ti 1nes, my friends! Before any
potentially fluid-exchange-y activities, you gott~ talk about when
the last ti111eyou got tested was and what sex you ve had since then.
This is never a huoely sexy conversation, but with practice, it' II
becon1e jus t anothe; aspect of your erotics of talk. And since you' 11
have listened to 1ny wise advice in Pait One, at this point you'll
already have been tested Regardless , latex= good.

PART THREE:

Especially if this was the fi1st time you've
hooked up with someone, the post-naked time can be neurosis1naking. What are they tllinking? When will you see each other
again? This is another ti111eto refrain fro111projecting and be open
to conveISation. You may have decided that you' re not interested
in any 1nore hoo-ha , or that you' re interested in lots n1ore sweaty
sweetness. In either case, ideally you' 11let the peISon in question
know where you' re at - again, clearly, gently, and honestly. Tllis
doesn ' t have to be a huge production, butso111eco1n1nwlication is in
order, post-sex - it's actually part of sex. Don ' t n1ake assu1nptions
about peop le you've had sex with! Don't pretend not to see them!
Don't obsessively hang out in bars they frequent to re111indthen1 you
exist without talking about the fact that you were recently touching
tu1n111ies!And if they 're weird and reftise to talk to you, be angry
at the1n, and reac h for a state of co1npassion beyond pity - they're
just incapable of adult behavior jtist yet. The ideal in this part is for
clear and painless unders tand ing of what's going on, in one of three
s ituatiOllS:
1) You both want to keep having sex, and with each other
(_brilliant!)
2) You want to and they don't (undeIStand that you are perfect and
wonderful, anyhow, and tiy not to argue too tnuch with them ) or b.
they want to and you don't (be clear and firm, without being tnean)
3) Nei ther of you want to (also fine! Pait civilly, and perhaps craft
a friendsllip).

Abortion
Resources
The previous pages offered so1ne resources to help you stay sexually happy and
healthy. It sure would be great if these safety 1neasures were co1npletely reliab le and
avai lable to all of us, but they just aren't,
and an unexpected pregnancy can happen to
anyone. Talk about a disorientation!

W hy does this page only provide infonnation about different ways to end a pregnancy? Well, as you probably know, abortion is
the only pregnancy option that is constantly
wider attack by very visib le and well funded
ca1npaigns that function to mis-infonu , intimidate, and control wome n's bodies. And,
frankly , all that anti-choice propaganda isn't
pa1ticularly helpful when holding a positive
pregnancy test in your hand. That's why it
is vital to spread information about abortion
without ce!l',orship and without apology.

Sharing this type of info continues a
long legacy of self-he lp: wo 111en have been
educating thetnselves and each other about
reproduction-inc luding ways to end pregnancy- throughout all of human history .
But in these dark days of regressive reproduction laws and aootinence-only sex-ed
curriculunis, there is very little public discussion about the procedures the tnse lves
and the differences between the111.

Q!>-

A•tJ•li rn!IGl•f.J
11

®n-mmmw-ia



158

Alternative

Abortions

Although the n1ethods described above
are generally considered to be the safest
and n1ost effective ways to end a pregnancy,
they are certainly not the only ways . Herbal and do-it-yourse lf abortion.,; have a long
history in nearly all cultu res and co1111
nunit ies; after all, wome n have been having
abortion.,; since long before politicians and
doctors gave their paterna listic and highly
restricted "pennission" to do so. These
alternatives can take 1nany fonns suc h as
herba l tinctures and teas that induce 1niscarriages, son1e fo1ms of acupuncture and

reflexology that cause contractio115 in the
utenis, and even self-he lp techniques that
en1pty the womb manually. Some of these
opt ions have ancient origins, others were
developed in the early 1970s by networks
of underground abortion providers involved
in the wo1nen s liberatio n struggle.
Why choose these alternative 1nethods?
Well, someti111esit is not a choice. Many
won1en--especially the young and poor-faceserious lega l, eco nonlic, andsocial barriers wllich 1nake the mainstream method,
inaccessible. Others tnay choose alten 1a-

2007 Disorientation

tive abortion techniques out of a dedicat ion
to natural 1n edicine or becatise they reject
the inte rference of the state and the medica l
establishment in their personal lives.
T hese alten 1atives vaiy in safety and effective ness, so they sho uld not be undertaken lightly. They can be life-threate ning
if do ne inco1Tectly, and a back-up n1ethod
is a 111tist. Do thorough research and talk
to experie nced people before pursuing alten 1ative abortion tec hniques. The weooite
Siste r Zetis (www.sisterzetis.com) may be
a good p lace to start.

Guide

41

byAlexisShotwel
l andChrisDixon













































e












• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

stereotypes, wage gap, , private and public violence againstwome 11, •
We' re sony, but we sti ll live in a society st ructured by 1nultiple
inequities in hotr,ehold labor , and more . Throug h inte1ventions by •
fonns of oppression and privilege. One of the biggies intetsecting
all other fon11s is patriarchy , or sexis1n. The tenn "patriarchy"
women who were often n1a1ginalized by the wotnen 's liberation •
n1ay see1n a little outdated. After all, it literally tn eans "rule of the
1nove1nent - frequently working class and quee r won1en of color •
fathers" and n1any of us would say that our fathers aren't n1ling ll'>. - much fe1ni11ismhas taken on a 1nore radical, co1nprehensive •
Still, patriarchy is a good ten u to keep around, beca1r,e it nan1es
analysis. It is a theo 1y and practice that seeks to challenge not only
sexism but all systetns of oppression .

a fom1 of gendered power that is still ve1y present in al l of our
lives. We're talking here about a co1nplex web of ideas , eve 1yday
Happily , this theory and practice is availab le to everyone. You •
don ' t have to be a woma n to fight patriarchy . In fact , it will take •
practices, social systems, and ensconced irntitutiorn that fonn
some people into men, other people into wo1nen, punish those who
people of all genders to fundamental ly trarnfonu our society into •
refuse to confom1, and give socia l and material power to 1nen
a place where we all wa nt to live. Lets start now !
"Power " here n1eans having the ability to influence important
decisions and for111atiorn- about politics , money, and relatio nship,
Resources
on a sca le that rwis fron1 govenlll1ent all the way down to our
UCSC Women's Cente r: CardiffH01r,e, 459-2072 , http ://
kitchern and bedroo1ns.
www2. ucsc. edu/wn1center /
Here at UCSC we can see lots of examples of patriarchal
Rape Prevention Education 459-2721 student Health Center,
power at work in our daily lives. You 1night see sexism in your
Roon i 147

classrootns. The atticles and books you read might all be written
by white 1nen, or the course 1night include toke n reference to one or
Gay Le sbian Bi sexual n·ansgender Inter sex Re som·ce
Center (GLBTIR C) 459-2468 Men·ill College (next to
two wo111en,tr,ually also white and straight. I n lecttu-e, you might
KZSC)
notice that profs and TAs re1ne1nber me n's nan1es 1nore frequently
than wo1nen's , or call on men (also tl'>ually white and 1niddle
Wah1utAvenue Wo1nen's Center , 303 Walnut Ave nu e 426class) 1nore often and with 1nore respectful attention Sexis1n also
3062
likely affects the grades you get, though also always in relation to
The Diversity Center 1117 SoquelAvenue 425-5422.
other kinds of privilege you' re partaking, or not, in You might see
hooks, bell. Fe1ninis1nis for Everybody
patriarchy 1nanifesting in social settings - parties, cafes , on the b1r,
(check out who 's wearing the ''F reshtnan girls - get the1n while
they're skinny'' T-shitts, and notice how you feel). You ntight see
it in whethe r you feel co1nfortable walking down the path to the

library after dark You 1night see sexis1n in how you're treated at
the healt h center ( especially if you have to go there once a year for
a pelvic exa1n!) - does your doctor assun1e that you're incapable
of using contraceptio n correctly and reco mtnend that you get a
TIRED ..);:::::iliJ~•
carcinogenic Depo-Provera itnplant?
y GIRi. WHO 1S
~

Not ice that, w hen we talk about patriarchy , it
FOR EVER EAK WHEN SH£ IS
doesn ' t stand alone . Syste nis of oppressio n and
OF AtTING W
BOYTIREDOf
~-•
privilege-: pat1~archy, racis111and_white supre111acy,
STRONGTHEREIS A WHEN HE

class stratificatio n under cap1tahs1n, heterosex1Sn1
RING STRONG ~

and gender bina1ism, and othe rs - inte1twine in all
APPEA
RABLE ~ l.s~I.S»"
aspectsofourlives.Allof1r,here-students
,janitors,
fEElS VUlNE
· •
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11
professors , b1r, drivers , food se1vice workers, and
r.,r.-(VJ
nni111fVo"
~ t

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~
so on - live lives in relation to our gender, who we
~1.1
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want to have sex wit h, how tnuch money we have ,
~l.l~~~~001~®9
~~
how ot hers read OlU'skin color and ethnicity , etc.
~~

r.:-r.?~l'i:t ~ ~uuuv::'
F or instance, being white and middle class affords
~~"""'
~ @DJ~=
WHOIS TIRED

~onsiderable opportu1~ty in this u11iversitysetting and
~ ~@UIDD.
FOREVERYGIRL
THEREIS

111Santa Cruz - both 1n w ho can cotne here and who
ll""""'
l\cN,L::~
ER SENSITI\JE,
p

can live here. These foruJS of privilege, in turn, deep ly
F BEING(Al.LED OV " £ GENTLETO WEE •

affect how each of us expenences gender oppression or
O
HO FEARSTO B
~ro~~ ~
privilege, and vice versa. It 's in1portant to think about
A BOY W
ratii'ol'o) ~ ~•~,,,ur:iruuu="'-'.

pat1iarchy in relation to other ways we 're positioned,
~~ ~ ~
~ ~
o
~

beca1r,e tearing it down will invo lve challenging it all.
~~ '&)~~ 'IT@~1.:1.';"'~nnfg~

We also see , here at UCSC, daily struggles agairnt
~~ W>~ @Gilli1
wm@ IlIB~ EVERV GIRL WHO

the way pattiarchy warp,, limits, and 111
esses with all
o
FOR
THEREIS

of us - weekly se lf deferne trainings for responding
~~ O
BA.KEo\JEN,
=nnra~

to sexual harass111ent and assau lt, Women's Studies
THROWSOUTHER E• .. -..D ONE ~ IB~lS).A)u
classes , institutiona l resources like the UCSC Wo111en's
O WISHESTOf 1"

• ~"""'

Center, individual people nanting the sexis111they see
A BO'YWH
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around then1 and challenging gender binarisn1, and ( 1nore
lolfoM ~
;:;:;-=nmrs@... ~rs
G@& ~~ ~

powerfully) group, of peop le coming together to work
w,vu
.....a~
~ 1lUtl!SIA='
~ ~ ~<>

against the normalization of patriarchal power. One way
~~UI.S
nr..r
~
/il~
KES A STEP
0
to unders tand many of these struggles is as expressio1is
~ ~
y GIRl WHOTA
HO •
of feminist practice . "Fe 1ninism" is another term that
~fcloo_ FOREVER
THEREIS A BOYW

son1eti1nes seems outdated. Feminisn1 is often attached to
l5e\Ul,Sl.:>U"....., ER LIBERA.TION,
111.EEASIER• •
the Wo1nen's L iberation n1ove1nent of the 1960s and 70s.
toWARDR
'MTOFREEDOM
A LI

I1nperfectly, it atte111ptedto challenge the disparities and
FINDSTHEW~
power itnba lances affecting won1en, inc luding sex- role


42


















,,---v



t;;l

u,:mrn

~=""

uru~



rornID •

"'n"""';

z

nw •!l'Wo)!'\

2007 Disorientation

Guide
43

que

hete

1. What do you think causetyjwr

ire

; l'ieterose:x-uality?~ t4. c;0ul9 you trust a heterosexual therapist to be
__
4\
'J...-----~f
ol5jectiv~? Don't 1you fears/he might be inclined
2. When and how did you first decide 1~o.u-1
werie a
oLinfluenee ~~w in the direction of her/his own
heterosexual?
:/ ~r
"leahings? :l!"......,

l

\"

3. Is it possible your heterosexuality is just a phase
you may grow out of?
4. Could it be that your heterosexuality stems from
a neurotic fear of others of the same sex?
5. If you've never slept with a person of the same
sex, how can you be sure you wouldn't prefer
that?
6. To whom have you disclosed your heterosexual
tendencies? How did they react?
7. Why do heterosexuals feel compelled to seduce
others into their lifestyle?
8.
Why do you insist on flaunting your
heterosexuality? Can't you just be what you are
and keep it quiet?

9.

Would you want your children to be
heterosexual , knowing the
problems they'd face?
10.
A
disproport ionate
majority of child molesters
are
heterosexual
men .
Do you consider it safe
to expose
children
to
heterosexual
male
teachers,
pediatricians ,
priests, or scoutmasters?

11. With all the societal
support for marriage , the
divorce rate is spiraling. Why are there so
few stable relationships among heterosexuals?
12. Why do heterosexuals place so much emphasis
on sex?
13. Considering the menace of overpopulation, how
could the human race survive if everyone were
heterosexual?

44

/

,,r --

-

15. Heterosexuals are notorious for assigning
themselves and one another rigid, stereotyped
sex roles. Why must you cling to such unhealthy
role-playing?
16. With the sexually segregated living conditions
of military life , isn't heterosexuality incompatible
with military service?
17. How can you enjoy an emotionally fulfilling
experience with a person of the other sex when
there are such vast differences between you?
How can a man know what pleases a woman
sexually or vice-versa?
18. Shouldn 't you ask your far-out straight cohorts ,
like skinheads and born-agains , to keep quiet?
Wouldn't that improve your image?

19. Why are heterosexuals so promiscuous?

20. Why do you attribute heterosexuality to so many
famous lesb ian and gay people?
your own heterosexuality?

Is it to justify

21. How can you hope to actualize your God-given
homosexual potential if you limit yourself to
exclusive, compulsive heterosexuality?
22. There seem to be very few
happy
heterosexuals.
Techniques have been
developed that might
enable you to change
if you really want to.
After all , you never
deliberately chose to be
a heterosexual, did you?
Have you considered
aversion
therapy
or
Heterosexuals
Anonymous?

So, one of the 1nost i1nportant ,vays to redeeni our education is by looking at everything we are learning tlirougli an anti
acist lens. Upon reflection, it is clear tliat tlie ideology of ,vliite supre1nacy persists in today's ,vorld ... it is constructed an
naintained tlirougli a conibination of deceptive storytelling and brute force. Altliougli tlie syste1n of ,vliite supremac
ervades every aspect of tlie lives of ,vliite folks, it reniains invisible to niost of tlieni ... and Jierein lies its power. Afterall, i
we don't understand ,vJiat it is, nor see tlie repercussions of its existence, tlien how can we challenge it? In order to defy thi
system, it is essential that we look at the fibers of racis1n that have been ,voven into the fabric of society.

-- •,, ..
.
'

i -

~l
[] I can ruTa11ge
to be in the co1npa11y
of people of my []
race most of the tiine.
[] I ca11go shopping alone most of tl1eti1ne,pretty well []
assured that I will not be followed or hru·assed.
[] I can tUI11011the televisio11or ope11to the front []
page of the paper and see people of 1ny race widely
represented.
[]
[] Wl1e11
I an1told about oUI·national J1e1itageor about
"civilization" I run showi1 tl1atpeople of 1ny color []
1nadeit what it is.
[] I ca11be sure t11at111ycl1ildre11
will be given ci111icular
111ate1ials
tl1attestify to tl1eexiste11ceof their race.
[]
[] I ca11go iI1toa n1usic sl1opand coiult on ti.ndiI1gtl1e
1niISicof n1yrace represented, into a supe11nruketmid []
ti.ndtl1efood I grew up with, iI1toa J1airdresser'ssl1op
mid ti.ndso1neo11e
wl10can deal witl1n1y l1aiI·.
[] Wl1etl1er
I use checks, creditcards, or cash,I ca11coUI1t []
on 1ny skin color 11otto work against the appearance
of ti.11al1cial
responsibility.
[]
[] I an1not made acutely aware t11at1ny shape, bemi11g,
or body odor will be taken as a 1·et1ection011my []

I Call be sure t11atif I 11eedlegal or 1nedicalhelp, 1ny
race will 11otwo1k against me
I ca11an·ange my activities so that I will 11everhave to
expe1iencefeeliI1gsofrejectio11owing to my race
I mn 11everasked to speak for all of tl1epeople of my
racial group.
I can be pretty sure that if I ask to talk witl1tl1e"perso11
in chruge" I will be facing a person of 1nyrace.
If a traffic cop pulls 1neover or if the IRS audits my tax
retun1,I ca11be sUI·eI J1aven't been singled out because
ofn1y race.
I can walk into a classroo1nalld know I will not be the
only n1e1nberof my race.
I ca11easily buy posters, postcards, pictiu·e books,
greeting cards, dolls, toys, al1d clilldren's magazines
featiuing people ofmy race.
I can choose ble1nisl1cover or bandages in "flesh"
color and J1avetl1em1noreor less 1natcl1111y
skin.
I Call do ivell iI1a chaliengiI1gsituationwitl1outbeing
calleda "creditto 1nyrace."
I can e11rollin classes at college and be siu·e tl1atthe
race.
n1ajority of my professo1·swill be ofmy race.
[] I ca11wony about racis1n witJ1outbeing seen as self- []I can easilyti.ndacade1niccourses and institutio1iswhich
interested or self-seeking.
give atte11tion only to people of my race.
[] I ca11take ajob or enrollin a collegewitl1an affi1mative [] I can c1iticizeour gove1mentand talk about how 1nuch
action policy witl1outJ1avi11g
1ny co-wo1kersor peers
I fem·its policies mid behavior witJ1outbei11gsee11as a
assu111e
I got it becaiISeof 1ny race.
cultiu·aloutside1:

2007 Disorientation

Guide

45






11,is page l1as so111e great suggestious
for a11yo11e in'l'olPed in soci"l justice
organizing:

1. Practice noticing who 's in the roon1 at
1neetings - how 1nany gender p1ivileged
n1en (biological 111en),how many women,
how n1any tramgendered people, how 1nany
whit e people , bow n1any people of color? Is
it 1najority heterosexual , are there queers,
what are people 's class backgrounds? Don 't
asstune to know people , jtl5t work at being
n1ore aware and listen to what people say.
Talk one on one to people you work with .

2a.

Cow1t how 1nany tin1es you speak and
keep track of how long you speak
2b. Count how n1any tin1es other people
speak and keep track of how long they
speak.

3. Be consciotl5 of how often you are actively
listening to what other people are saying as
opposed to jtl5t waiting your turn thinking
about what you 'll say next. Keep a notebook
so that you can write down your thoughts and
then foctl5 on what other people are saying.
As a white guy who talks a lot, I've found it
helpful to write down 111ythoughts and wait
to hear what others have to say (frequently
others will be thinking so1nething si1nilar
and then you can support their initiative) .

4. Practice going to n1eetings or hanging out
with people foctl5ed on listening and learning
- not to get caught in the paralysis of whether
or not you have anything meful to say, but
acting fro1n a place of valuing other people 's
knowledge and experiences.

7b. Practice recognizing n1ore people for
the work they do and tty to do it 1nore ofteIL
This also includes n1en offering suppo1t to
other men who aren 't recogn ized and actively
challenging competitive dynamics that men
are socialized to act out with each other.

8. Practice asking 111orepeople what they
think about events , ideas, actions , strategy
and visioIL White guys tend to talk a1nongst
themselves and develop strong bonds that
111anifest in o~anizing. These infonnal
support stn1ctw·es often help reinforce
infonnal leadershipstn1ctures as well. Asking
people what they think and really listening is
a core ingredient to healthy g roup dynatnics:
think about who you ask and who you really
listen to . Developing respect and solidarity
across race, class, gender and sexuality is
co1nplex and difficult , but aooolutely critical
- and liberating. Those 1nost negatively
itnpacted by systetns of oppression have and
will play leading roles in the struggle for
collective liberation.

while also redefining leadership as actively
working to build power with othets rather
than power over otheis .

12.

Remen1ber that social change
is a process , and that our individual
transfonnation and individual liberation
is intin1ately interconnected with social
transfonnation and social liberation. Life
is profoundly co1nplex and there are 1nany
contradictions. Re111e111ber
that the path we
travel is guided by love, dignity and respect even when it brings tl5 to tears and is difficult
to navigate . As we stn1ggle let m also love
outSelves.

13. This list is not limited to white guys ,
nor is it intended to reduce all white guys
into one category. This list is intended to
disn1pt patterns of domination which !nut
our move1nent and hurt each other. White
guys have a lot of work to do, but if we white
guys support and challenge each other, while
also building tnl5t and compassion we can
heal ourselves in the process.

9. Be aware of how often you ask people
to do so1netbing as opposed to asking other
people "what needs to be done'~ logistics ,
child care, n1aking phone calls, cooking,
providing etnotional suppott and following
up with people are often undervalued
responsibilities perfonned by people who
are gender oppressed (biological won1en and
trans folks).

14. Day-to-day pattenl5 of donlination are
the glue that maintainsyste1ns of dominatioIL
The struggle again.st capitalistn , wllite
supre111acy, patriarchy , heterosexistn and the
state, is also the strnggle towards collective
liberation.

15. No one is free until we are all free .

10. Stniggle with the saying , "you will be
needed in the 1novement when you realize
that you are not needed in the 1nove1nent".

11. Strtiggle and work with the 111odelof

5a.

Pay attention to how 1nany times you
put ideas out to the group you work with .
5b. Notice how often you suppo1t other
people 's ideas for the group.

6. Practice supporting people by asking
them to expand on ideas and get more indepth.

7a.

Think about whose work and what
contributions to the group get recognized.

46

group leade1ship that says the responsibility
of leadetS is to help develop tnore leade1s.
Reflect upon what this tneans to you: how do
you suppo1t others and what suppott do you
need fron1 others.
This includes tnen providing etnotional
and political support to other men. How can
1nen work to be allies to each other in the
struggle to develop radical n1odels of antiracist, class consciom, pro-queer, fe1ninist
111anhoodthat challenges sttict binary gender
roles and categories. This is also about
stn1ggling to recognize leadeiship roles

For more reading, check out:
On tile Road to He"li11g:A Booklet for Men

Ag"i11stSexis11t
P.O. Box84171 Seattle , Washington 98124
or plantingseecls@tao.ca



what

1S

by Elr::abeth(Betita) Martine-:;

White Supremacy
is a historically
based,
institutionally
perpetuated
system
of exploitation
and
oppression
of continents,
nations
,
and peoples
of color
by white
peoples
and nations
of the European
conti nent , for the purpose
of
maintaining
and defending
a system
of wealth,
power,
and privilege.
I.
What
Supremacy

does
it
mean
is a system?

to

say

White

The 1nost con1n1on mistake people make w hen they talk about
raciSin is to think it is a collection of prejudice s and indivich1al
acts of discrimination. They do not see that it is a system, a web
of interlocking , reinforcing institution s: econo mi c, rnilitaiy , legal ,
educational , religiou s, and cultural. As a syste111
, raciSin affects
ev ery aspect of life in a country .
By not seeing that racism is systeinic (part of a system ), people
often personalize or in dividualize racist acts . For exan 1ple, th ey will
rech1ce racist police behavior to "a few bad apples" who need to
be reiuoved, rather than seeing it exist s in police depart1uent s all
over the country and is basic to the society . This mistake b as real
consequences : refusing to see police bn1tality as part of a syste n1,
and that the systein needs to be changed, mea n s that the brutality
,vill continue . The need to recognize raciSIJl as being systeiuic is one
reason the tem1 White Supren1acy h as been 1nore useful than the tenu
racism . They refer to the san1e problen1 but:
A. Toe pwpose of raciSI11is mucl1 clearer when ,ve call it '\vhite
supre1nacy." Some people think of racisu1 as just a matter of prejudice.
"Supremacy " define s a power relation ship .
B. Race is an un scientific tenn . Although racism is a social reality , it is
ba sed on a te1111
which has no biological or other scientific reality .
C. The tenn racism often leads to dead-end debates about whether a
particular reinark or action by an individual white per son wa s really
racist or not. We will achieve a clearer understanding of racism
if we analyze bow a certain action relates to the systein of White
Supremacy .
D . TI1e tenn White Supren1acy give s ,vhite people a clear choice of }
supporting or opposing a system, rather than getting bogged down in
clain1s to be anti-racist (or not) in the ir per sonal behavior.

II.
What
Supremacy

does
it
mean
is historically

to
say
based?

see today. TI1at i s the
origin 1nyth. It omits three key fact s about the birth and growth of the
United State s as a nation . Those fact s deinonstrate that White Supremacy
is fundan1ental to the existe n ce of this count1y .
A. The United State s is a nation state created by 111il
itaiy conquest
in several s,tages . The first stage wa s the European seizure of the lands
inhabited by indigenou s peoples , which they called Turtle Island Before
the Eu ropean invasion , there were between nine and eighteen 111illio
n
indigenou s people in North America . By the end of the Indian War s,
there were about 250 ,000 in ,vhat is now called the United State s,
and about 123 ,000 in what is 110,vCanada (source of the se population
figure s from the book "The State of Native America " ed by M.
An n ette Jaitnes , South End Pre ss, 1992). That proce ss must be called
genocide , and it created the lwd ba se of thi s country . TI1e elimination
of in digenous people s and seizur e of their land was the first condition
for its existence .
B. The United State s could not have develope d econo nli cally
as a nation without enslaved African labor . When agriculture and
industry began to grow in the colon ial period, a treinendou s labor
sho11age existed Not enough white worker s caJUe fro111Europe and
the European invaders could not put indigenous people s to work in
sufficient nwnbers . It was enslaved Africans who provided tlte labor
force that made the growth of the United State s possible .
TI1atgrowth peakedfron1 about 1800 to 1860 , the period called the
Market Revolut i on. Dwing tllis period , the United States changed
from being an agricultural /commercial econon1y to an industrial
coipo rate economy . The development of bank s, expansion of the
credit system , protective ta1i ffs , and new transportation systen1s
all helped make this possib le. _______But the key to the Market
Revolutionwas theexport
of cotton , an d this
w as n1ade possible by
ti..~
slav e labor.

White

Ev ery nation ha s a creation n1yth, or origin myt h , which is the
sto1y people are taught of how the nation can1e into being . Ours says
the United States began with Colun1bus 's so-called "discove1y" of
An1erica , continued with settlen1ent by brave Pi lgri n1s, won its
independence fron1 England with the An1erican Revolution , and then
expanded west\vard until it became the enonuou s,
rich countryyou

2007 Disorientation

Guide

47

C. TI1e third major piece in the tn1e sto1y of the
fonnation of the United States as a nation was the takeover of half of Mexico by war •· today's Southwest.
Tilis enabled the U.S. to expand to the Pacific, and thus
open up huge trade with Asia ·· 111arket
s for export,
goods to i111portand sell in the U.S. It also opened to
the U.S. vast nlineral wealth in A1izona, ag1icultural
wealth in Califonlia, and vast new sources of cheap
labor to build railroads and develop the economy.
TI1eU11itedStates had already taken over the
part of Mexico we call Texas in 1836 , then 1nade
it a state in 1845. TI1efollowing year, it invaded
Mexico and seized its teni tory under the 1848
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. A few years
later, in 1853 , the U.S. acquired a final chunk of
Arizona fro111Mexico by threaterung to renew
the war. Tilis co111pleted
the tenitorial bounda1ies
of what is now the United States.
TI1ose were the three foundation stones of the
United States as a nation. One 111orekey step was
taken in 1898 , with the takeover of the Philippines,
Puerto Rico, Gua111
and Cuba by 111eans
of the SpanishA111e1ica11
War. Since then, all but a1ba have ren1ained
U.S. colonies or neo-colonies, providing ne,v sources
of wealth and 1nilita1ypower for the United States. The
1898 take-over cotnpleted the phase of direct conquest
and colo11izatio11
, which had begun with the n1utderous
theft of Native An1ericanlands five cenhnies before.
Many people in the U11itedStates hate to recognize
these tn1ths. They prefer the established origin 1nyth. They
could be called the Pre111iseKeepers.

III.
What does
White
Supremacy
exploitation?

it

to

mean
a

say
system

that
of

TI1eroots otU.S. racism or Wllite Supre1nacylie in establishing
econoulic e,rploitation by tl1etl1eft of resources and Juunan labor,
tl1enjustifying tl1atexploitationby institutionalizingtl1einfe1iority
otits victi111s.TI1etirst applicationot·wiute Supremacy or raciSin
by tl1e EuroAlnericans wllo control U.S. society was against
indigenous peoples. TI1en came Blacks, 01iginally as slaves and
later as exploited waged labor.TI1eywere follo,ved by Mexicans,
wllo lost tl1eirmeans of stuvival wllen U1eylosttlleir landlloldino:::,s,
and also beca1newage-slaves. Mexican labor built tl1eSoutllwest,
along witl1Cllinese, Filipino, Japanese and otl1erwo1kers.
In sllort, Wllite Supre111acyand econonlic power were born
togetl1er.TI1e United States is tl1e first nation in tl1e world to be
bon1 racist (SouU1Ati'ica can1elate1) and also tlle fu·st to be bon1
capitalist. TI1at is not a coincidence. In tllis country, as llistory
sllows, capitalismand racis111
go llandin lland

IV.
Origins
Supremacy
as

of Whiteness
Concepts

and

White

TI1e first European settlers called the111selve
s English, Itish,
Genuan, French, Dutch, etc. •· not wllite. Over half of those who
ca111ein the early colonial pe1iod were se1vants. By 1760 , the
population reached about two nlillion, of who111400 ,000 were
enslaved Africans. An elite of planters developed in the southern
colonies. It1 Virgi11ia,for exa111ple
, 50 rich white fatnilies held
the reins of power but were vastly outnu1nbered by non-whites.
It1 tl1e Carolinas, 25 ,000 wllites faced 40 ,000 Black slaves and
60 ,000 indigenous peoples in the area. Class lines hardened as the
distinction between tich and poor becan1esharper. TI1eproble1n of
control loomed large and fear of revolt fron1 belov,rgrew.

48

T11erehad been slave revolts fro111the begintling but elite
wllites feared even 1norethat discontented whites--se1vants, tenant
fanuers, the tu·ban poor, the property-less, soldiers and sailors-would join Black slaves to overthrow tl1e existing order. As early
as 1663 , indenh1redwhite se1vantsand Black slaves in Virginia had
fonued a conspiracy to rebel and gain their freedon1. In 1676 , ca111e
Bacon's Rebellion by wllite frontiersmen and se1vants alongside
Black slaves. TI1erebellion shook up Virgi11ia's planter elite. Many
other rebellions followed, fron1 South Carolina to New York. The
111ai11
fear of elite wllites eve1ywherewas a class fear.
Their solution: divide and control. Certain privileges were given
to white indenh1red se1vants. They were allowed to join nlilitias,
carry guns, acquire land, and have other legal rights not allowed
to slaves. Witl1 these p1ivileges they were legally declared white
on the basis of skin color and continental origin. T11at1nade the111
"supetior" to Blacks (and Indians). T11uswhiteness was born as a
racist concept to prevent lower-class wllites fro1nj oining people of
color, especially Blacks, against tl1eir class enenlies. T11econcept
of whiteness beca111ea source of unity and strength for the vastly
outnu111beredEuroan1ericans--as in Soutl1Afiica, another settler
nation. Today, unity across color lines remains the biggest threat in
the eyes of a white ruling class.

White folks
who aren't
actively
antiracist
are complicit
in this
system
of
White Supremacy.
To learn
more, turn
back to page 45 and check out our "Tools
for White Guys who are Working for
Social
Change"

The Immigration Question

By Tim Muldoon

The question of itumigration affects all of us, especially here
in California. We've all heard the rhetoric: either "illegal inunigrants are a drain on our ecoiro1ny,taking jobs frotn hardworking
A:tneriGam,lowering aV,ei;agewages,and straining the resources of
ur putiiic se1vices'~ or:rl:
'tihesehardworking people are vital to our
e:Go
noniy, we need then1 to pick our strawben·ies, n1ow our lawns,
and take Gareof our chiltlren so we can continue living the Good
Life." This is rui extremely narrow way to approach the issue, and
both sides (a) fail to see that i1n111igration-legalities a-,ide - is just
one part of a huge and con1plex global econotny, and (b) ignore
the interests and needs of immigrants theniselves, itistead focusing
solely on what will ma;t benefit "A111e1icans."
Thus both sides fall
prey to a racist, shottsighted, and inhutnane logic.
Nativist, anti-imtnigrant hysteria co1nesand goes in t~ eountry, alte1nating with periods of welconling, open-hearted landof-opportu11is1n. Like clockwork, hese senti111entsfollow the
capitalist cycle. Every 1najorrecession ·11Y§ llistory has been aG
co1npanied by xenophobic 111o
ro11Sscapeg0ati~ inu1ligrants il<l
nt\l
always i1111nigrants
of a particular ethtlicity. Tue 61W ·en lnillaba
loo over Latino inunigration is no exception.

Nation of Immigrants and Xenophobia
First it was the Irish with their da1nn Catholicism who were
threatening what nativists described as a pure, Anglo-pFotestantsociety. The next target was Chinese inunigrants building railroads
and working agriculture jobs in Califo1nia. \,v\hiteracists accused
the Cllinese of taking valuable jobs away fro111
white workers. Bu
when the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed in 1882, the den1and
for cheap labor did not decrease, so big business just brought in
Japanese i11Stead.There was another shortage of cheap labor during WWII when the gove1runent intetned Japanese-An1ericans,so
congress repealed the CllineseExclusionAct in 1943. (See Histo1y
p6)
Mexican people have been migrating to the US in large numbets ever s ince the Mexican-A111erican
war ended in 1848 with the
US seizing land fro1nTexas to Califon1ia. This aggressive war began a history of violent repression petpetrated by nativists agai11St
Mexican i1n1nigrantsand Mexican-A111ericancitize11S.Throughout the decades there have been periods in which the govennent
and businesses encouraged Mexican laborers to 1nigrateto the US.
During the Great Depression Mexican-America1iswere faced not
only with bank forecla;ures, job cutbacks and food shortages but
also threats of depo1tation and racist violence. Federal agents and
local police and sheriffs began rounding up people who looked
Mexican, without regard to residency or citizenship status, and deporting the111without trials. Even US citize11Swha;e fa1nilies had
lived and owned land in the Southwest since it was Mexico were
not protected
In ti1nes of labor shottages, the govenunent has facilitated im1nigrationfro111
Mexico. One such campaign was the Bracero Progran1 - an earlier vel'Sion of Bush's guest-worker progra1n - that
put in place a labor dyna1nicsomewhere between indentured servitude and straight-up slavery. But when there was a tninor recession in 1953 and racistn agaimt Mexican-Atnericam increased, the

govenunent initiated another forced depo1tation progran1 in 1954
entitled 'Operation Wetback" This progra1n, remi1liscent of the
deportatiom of the 1920s, had law enforce1nent target ''Mexicanlooking" people, and deport Mexican i1n1nigrantswith their US
bon1 children who were citize11Sby birth.
Ironically dtu·ingdepo1tation.sof the '50s the Bracero prograin
did not cease nor even slow down. In one year of Operation Wetback about 500,000 Mexicam -of all different legal statuses -were
deported, while about 490 ,000 were actively i111ported
by the sa111e
govenunent. So what's the deal here? Are the 111asterm
i nds of tllis
paradoxical policy just big idiots? Well, yeah, they sure are ... but
at the sa1ne time this strategy - called the "revolving door policy"
- is a triea and true 111ethod
of solving the "i1n1nigrantprobletn" to
the 111u
tucilbenefit of both big business and politiciatJS.We saw tllis
san1e idea when the govenunent prevented Chinese i1111nigration
to
appeas:e he racist pub!ws hollering, then i1111nediately
stepped up
~hei reGNtitment e!Io1ts in Japan; we see tllis sa1ne thing happen~1~ 11 other~
tcooay.Here's why it works: first, it satisfies the
xe:110~h0b
~
acist bloodh1st of the nativist public while still
;alla}Ei11g
the e01poratio11S
the~ eeded cheap labor; second, that
labor forGeis ke,p.ton its t0es and on the nm, afraid enough of being
deported to be pi·eV,entedfrom any pesky w1io1lism,standing up for
their rights, or anytliing like that. Bracero; were depotted after 3
days if not hired, which forced them to accept wages and conditiom of employ1nentthat they wouldn't otherwise. Undocun1ented
,migrants were even 111orevulnerable, and so labor standards were
lowered for workers, both "legal" and "illegal."
Economists argue over whether i1nmigrants are 1naking the
lives of white 'An1erica11S
' better or worse; assholes like Sa111uel
Jfuntington ('"l!he Hispatlic Challenge'') have convinced n1any
white A1nericam that Mexican immigrants are a threat to so1ne
great and wonderful culture (arguing that it's the great Atnerican
culture that has made the US s0 wealthy, ignoring centuries of exploitative military and economic policies). These arguments aren't
about legal status but about race and soc ial status. A11d1neanwh'ile,
agro,,corporations, hotels, restaurants, landscaping fl.nus, h0usecleaning cotnpanies, and all the other businesses that,.'Iely 011im~
migrant labor continue to profit.

Economic Roots
It 's in1pottant to tmdersand i11111ligra
tion patte1;mas a m,anifestation of the global econotny. Since European coloni,alis111,
dominant world powers have directly and indirectly con~rolled the,
econonlies of Latin A1nerican countries for the benefit:,of the rich
and powerful. Through colonialis111,
European goV,el1illlentslSed
force to directly control indigenous peoples land in order to tlSe it
for entetprises that benefitted tha;e in power - foF e~tnple 1 gold
nlining, oil-drilling, growing bananas or sugar or chooolate or coffee for export. Tllis selective development destroyed local econonlies that were more stlStainable and egalitarian. As nationalist
n1ove1nentsgrew, the people of each countty fought revolutious,
gai1ling political independence. But exploitation and do1ninati0n
did not end. Economic do1nination continues tmder a stn 1c~ur.e
called neocolonialism. This includes it1Stitutionslike the World

2007 Disorientation

Guide

49

Bank and IMF, dominated by the US and European powers, using
their econonlic power (hella 1noney) to control the direction that the
econo1nies of the Global South take. So, again, the people are forced
to rne their land and resources in ways that are beneficial to those in
power. With the US growing richer by forcing poverty upon most
Lati11A1nericancountries, is it any surprise that northward n1igration
is increasing?
In 1993 the No1th A1nerican Free Trade Agreement was signed
by govenunents of Canada, the US, and Mexico. NAFTA eli1ninated
trade rest1ictions and tariffs, 1naking it harder for govenunents to pass
laws protecting worke1s, consun1ers, and the environ1nent. Neoliberals pronlised that it would be beneficial for eve1yone, though about
the only group that it has benefitted is transnational corporations and
their share-holders. Many
proponents even clai1ned .. ---------------------------•
that it would decrease im111igrationfro111Mexico to
the United States by building Mexico's economy.
However, exactly the opposite has happened - as
soon as NA.FIA was iinple1nented there was a defi1lite
increase in 1nigration. This
happened for many simple
reasons. First, the poor of
Mexico ahnost i1nmediately
grew poorer. Second, the
new industries that were created as a result of NAFTA
tended to be 1nore capitalintensive and less labor-intensive, thus creating a per111anentunemployed labor
force. And third, in a more
conceptual se1l5e, NAFTA
simply opened the borde1s
to capital. Given that capitalis1n treats eve1ything, in- ._ __
eluding hu111anbeings, as capital with a certain value, workers were
bound to flow 1nore freely, just like produce, 1nanufactured products,
currency, cocaine, etc.
This analysis has focused on large-scale waves of i1nn1igration
and their carnes. However, the fact is we are talking about real people, not just a ca1npaign issue for US politicians, a success or failure
of neoliberal econo111ics.T11efact is, transnational 111igrationis devastating to the people who 1nigrate. It destroys co1nnu111ities,
breaks
up fanlilies, puts 111ore
strain on already stn1ggling ho1ne econonlies,
and takes the lives of hundreds of border crossers each year. I1n1nigrants of color in the US face racis1n, 111arginalizatio11,
exploitation,
andsyste1natic de1lialof their Iights. Obviosly immigrants 1nt1Sthave
so111epretty strong reaso1l5for coming to the US if they 're willing
to put so much on the line, yet the st1uctural and econo1nic causes of
inunigration are largely ignored in the maimtream debate.
11lis is the type of thing we should be focrning on, while looking at least briefly at the global economy to provide context. Of
course immigration is not a plague on the US econo1ny or a tlu·eat to
a superior WASP culture. Nor is it a happy fun thing that benefits all
parties. It is tLSuallyan atte1npt by poor people to move to where they
can beco1neslightly less poor. Maybe it's a fa1nily fleeing para,nili-

People

'Cross

50

ta1ies (probably US-funded) who are tiying to kill the1n. Inmligrants
to the US co1ne for a huge variety of reasons from a huge number of
sending countries.

Today's Immigration "Crisis"
The i1nnligration question exploded into public debate in late
2005 when the Horne of Representatives passed the Border Protection, Anti-Ten·oris111,and Illegal Irm1ligration Control Act of 2005
(HR.4437). This draco1lian bill sought to 111akeit a federal felony
to be in this count1y without pape1s, or to assist or serve any such
perso11 Basically that 1nea1l5that any teache1s, doctors, religiotlS
leaders, firefighters, etc., would have to get proof of citizenship or
legal residence before they
could do their jobs, or risk
being prosecuted and imprisoned for "s111uggling."It also
called for building the Great
Wall of Ainerica . These absurd proposals were passed
239 to 182 (not even close),
with support fron1 both parties. Luckily the bill never
passed in the Senate, and
eve1y atte1npt at passing a
bill into actual law since has
failed
The real effect of
HR.4437 was to disilhLSion
and mobilize irmnigrants and
their supporters like never
before. People ttuned out to
the marches in spring 2006
in tnlly histoiic nt11nbe1s.
Countless cities and small
towns across the countiy with
little histoiy of activis1n or
protest experienced recordbreaking numbe1s. Over a
1nillion n1arched in L.A. on May 1st. In Cllicago 1narcherstook over
a freeway, and in Tijuana 1,000 protesters blocked the international
border. In Santa C111zabout 5,000 took part in a two-part 1narch - a
1nass of ca111pt1S
workers , students, and faculty gathered at the base
of UCSC, blocking the entrance, and then 111archeddown High St. to
1neet a second crowd that had marched downtown fro1n the Beach
Flats. As a pa1ticipant I can't tell you how inspiring it was - to be in
a crowd larger than any other I've seen in Santa Cruz, then to con1e
down the lull to 1neet an even bigger crowd cheering and waving
flags of all sorts.
These 1narches were not si1nply protesting HR.4437. T11atstupid-ass bill was jrnt the spark, while the protests were long due.
Peop le came together for all sorts of reasons and with all so1ts of
1nessages -son1e heldAinerican flags, son1e had Mexican flags, and
1nany had signs saying "No Nations, No Borde1s." And the stoiy did
not end after May 1st. Since then the anti-i1n1nigrantside has 1nobilized itself as well, with the Minutemen and other vigilante border
patrol groups growing rapidly.
The debate has gone back and forth in Congress with nothing actually coining of it, and n1eanwhile ICE (Inunigration and CtLStoms

Don't

ord -.

Enforce111ent)has been raiding Latino co111111unitiesaround the count1y, including one
raid on Septe111ber10, 2006 that swept up
107 residents of Santa Cruz, Watsonville, and
Hollister. Witnesses reported ICE officers
clearly racially profiling (no surprise) at flea
111arketsand other places in the co111111unity,
and 111a;tof tha;e detained were depo1ted
within a few weeks without access to deferne,
without anything rese111bling
justice.
As of August 2007 Congress has failed
to accon1plish anything regarding i111111igration. However, on August 10 the good folks
over at the Depart111entof Ho111elandSecurity released their new plan for i111111igration
refo1n1, focusing solely on border enforce111ent.According to their press release, the
new plan includes 18,300 new Border Patrol
agents, 370 111iles
of fencing, 105 ca1neraand
radar towers, and lots of other fun stuff by the
end of 2008.
None of this crap - the debate in Congress, the divisiorn within pa1ties,the protests,
the counter-protests, the 111ediasensationalism, the straight-up racis111and dehtunanization - none of it is very new. It 's happened
before and it will happen again the next tin1e
the political and econo111ic
environ111ents
take
a tu111
for the wo1:se, nlixing with pre-existing
senti111entsof xenophobia and racism, nationalism, and the drive to protect racial and class
privilege, all con1bine into a dank, hearty
stew of anti-immigrant nonserne.

Immigration Policy of the
Past Century
Quota Acts of 1921 and 1924 - Reacting to increased Easten1 European im111igration, established quotas for each country. Quotas were set to match proportions from
before the current wave, thus favoring Angla; and maintaining ethnic "purity." Severely
linlited Jewish emigres in the 30s and 40s.
Bracero Program (1942-1964) -Imported thousands of Mexicans as temporary
laborets. They were given no citizenship nor pennanent residency rights, and had very
little protection in the workplace. Has been con1paredto Bush 's guest worker progra111.
Has also been compared to slavery.
Operation Wetback (1954) - Large-scale attack on Latina; living in the US, responding to an econonlic recession and the hysteria of the white citizenry. Local police
were deputized to raid hotnes and places of business and conuntmity in order to round
up as many Latina; as pa;sible , depo1ting anyone who couldn't immediately produce
documents, in 111anycases deporting parents and doing nothing about the cllildren left
alone at hon1e. Note that the Bracero Program was still in full effect.
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 -Abolished national quotas, replacing them with henlispheric litnits, and later with one world quota, now set at 700,000
per year (with "unskilled" inunigration capped at 10,000).
California Prop 187 ( 1994) - Initiative passed by 58.8% of voters, denied all pulr
lie se1vices to tha;e who could not prove their legal status. Also required local police
to investigate the status of all tha;e suspected of being aliens. Ruled uncotl5titutional
by a federal judge the san1e year, but likely impired the 19% federal act below, which
went further.
Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996
- Provided for iI11111ediate
deportation of legal pennanent residents convicted of nlinor
offernes, such as shopliftilig or dn1g pa;session This was 111aderetroactive, so it called
for deportation of all those previously convicted of such offenses. Also doubles Border Patrol to 10,000.
USA PATRIOT Act (2001) -Allowed
inunigrants to be denied adn1issionbased on
suspected terrorist activity (read: unfavorable political beliefs or activism). Caused
a huge a111ount
of harassment and in1prisonment of legal and illegal immigrants
2007 Border Security Reform -After repeated failures by Congress to pass any
ilnmigration refonn, the Dept. ofH01neland
Security announced a series of "refonus" in
the sphere of enforce1nent,including adding
18,300 Border Patrol agents and 370 miles
of fencing, as well as sending "no-1natch"
letters to all large e111ployersand requiring
them to fire workers.

2007 Disorientation

Guide

51

ff 51mPLfF IEO
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t'.IF ,-tt~

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PAOOUc-r_s

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52

\
\
1

GUIDE TO THE GLOBAL ECONOMY:
Navigating
Neo-conservative

Neo-l iberal
Economics and
Politics
("NEOCONSERVIBERALISM")

WITH YOUR HOSTS MAIA AND ERIC

"THE MILITAR Y AN D THE M ONETAR Y, THE M ONETARY AN D THE MILITAR Y,
GET TOGETHER WHEN EVER IT 'S N E CESSARY ... "
-- Gil Scott-Heron

Looking back, it see1ns like in 1999 -2001 protesting
corporate globalizatio11was the big tlling. Then by
late 2001 -2003 , protesting war was all tl1erage . Si.lice
then ,;ve've protested multiple wars and occupatio11S
,
Republicans, regional trade pacts, localized labor and
envi.J·omnentalabuses, you naine it.

Are resisters jl1st fickle? Do we jlist like complaini11g
about something, anything? What do corporate
globalizatio11and ,;vai.·have to do witl1each otl1er?Are
they two contradicto1y paradigms, or two sides of the
saine pl1e1101neno11? I' d say tl1e latter, and its 11aineis
ilnperialisn1. And if ilnperialism is the bread-- that is,
tl1earclritectural base of tl1esandwicl1--then capitalis11
1
and militaris1n go togetl1er like PB&J . One strategy's
"s oft" and the otl1er's "hai.·d"; tl1ey're often identified
witl1 the political rheto1i c of neo-liberalis1n ai1d 11eoco1iservatis1n respectively. Bl1t at botto1n tl1ey're
comple111
e11tai.ystrategies. Only the emphasis
cl1anges, along with tl1e do1ninant ideologies
llSedto legitiinate the1n.

For more Information on
the Global Economy:
Runm vay World

-- AI1tl1o
ny Giddens
Global

i:;at ion / Anti Globali:;ation

David Held and
Antl1onyMcGrew
No Nonsense Guide to
Globali:;ation

-- Wayne Ellwood
www.corpwatch.org
www.globalexcl1ai1ge.org
Williain Hai.tungin The Nation

2007 Disorientation

Guide

53

PAK( ON£·
WHYN!OL/6!KAL

We can't pretend to give a comprehensive explanation
of the change s in the global econon1y in the past 50
years , and the disttibution of geopolitical clout.
What we can do, in a tidiculou sly shallow way is
to sitnply try and convey that econonlics nzatter.
In 1944 , after WW II , the dotninant ,vestern
powers gathered to wtite the Bretton Woods treaty. • ·
They created the World Battle, the Intetnational
Moneta1y Fund (IMF) and the General Agreen1ent 1
on Tatiffs and n ·ade (GATT, precursor to the
World Trade Orga11ization, or the WTO) in order to
reconstruct the "free world'' in ways tnost conducive to
capitalist expansion .TI1is,vas done according the Keynesian
principles--in other words , the principal of an active
state guiding the national econotuy and the value of their
cturency to provide for predicatability in trading relations.
In the late 1960s to early 1970s the growth of this
systen1 llit sotne roadblock s in the fonn of the Viet11an1

GLOBAL

54

!CONOMICS
MATT!K

War and the OPEC (Organization of Petroleutu Exproting
Countries) oil ctisis which forced the US to ren1ove the gold
standard . Thi s placed the global econon1y in a sort of
free fall that allowed the en1ergence of what 's known
< as the neo-liberal paradigni. Tilis is based upon the
· · ·. idea of downplaying the activity of tl1e state and
ostensibly letting the globa l econotuy be goven1ed
! by the "invisible laws" of tl1e market itself.
In the tnid-1990s , tl1e etnergence of the
WTO (atnping up tl1e scope of the GATT) and the
activation of NAF TA (the North Ametican Free
n·ade Agreetnent) applied tl1ese neoliberal principles
in their n1ost extreme form. Ahnost itnmediately ,
resistance beca1ne impossible to ignore in 1uany parts of
the world. Equally itnpossible to ignore were econotuic
meltdowns in tnany African and Latin Atnerican
countries subject to IMF, in1posed Stn1ctural Adjusttnent
Progratus (SAPs) , 1uost ch·a1uaticallyin Argentina in 2001.

NATIONAL

2007 Disorientation

Guide

55

Oil companies, defense contractors, corporations specializing in construction and support for oil
production or military logistics, and the wealthy politicians they own.

For Exa1nple:

Halliburton ...
...provides oil setvices and logistics.
Subsidiaty Kellogg Brown & Root provides
nlilita1y support setvices and received
$8 billion in 2003 alone in contracts for
Iraq reconstn1ction.KBR, wllich received
a no-bid five year conh·act to put out oil
fires even before the invasion began. Now
cun·ently under cri111inal
investigation for overcharging the
govenunent by $67 111illion
for shipping in gasoline to Iraq
frotn Kuwait and for receiving $11 111illion
in kickbacks
frotn subcontractors. Received $16 nlilliou to build ptison in
Guantana1110
Bay. Still pulling in profits from 1990s Balkan
war conh'acts. VP Dick Cheney was Hallibtuton President
and CEO until taking office and still holds stock options
wortl1over $10 1nillio11dollars.

Bechtel ..
...has built oil pipelines in Saudi Arabia,
Kuwait, Canada, Alaska, Colotnbia, Libya.
Tried to privatize tl1ewater supply in
Cochabatnba, Bolivia in 2003 but backed off
due to 111a
ssive public protest. Won initial
closed-bid contract to rebuild Iraq 's oil
infrastn1cturefor $680 111illion
. Chai1n1an/CEO Riley Bechtel was
appointed in Febt11·a1y
2004 to President Bush 's adviso,y co1111nittee
on international trade. Other fonner Bechtel executives include
Reagan's Secretary of State George Shultz and Secreta1y of Defense
Caspar Weinberger. Last year, the UC parh1eredwith Bechtel to
1nanagethe Los Ala111o
s and Livennoore nuclear labs.

Unocal ..
...since tl1e111id1990s, worked on
building natural gas pipeline fron1TI1rkmenistan
through Afghanistan and Pakistan. Fonner Unocal
executive Zahnay Khalilzad was appointed special
envoy to Afghanistan after the 2001 invasion, and
cutTentlyse1ves as ambassador to Iraq.

Clievron-Texaco ...
Chevrt111
...along witl1ExxonMobil, was part of
Caspian oil conso1tiu111
exploring untapped
reseives in Azerbaijau and Kazakhstan.
Has since bought Unocal. Secreta1y of State
Condoleezza Rice was previously on the board of directors for
Chevron, setving as special consultant on Cenh·al
Asia.

Boeing ...
...nu111bertwo in "Big Tiuee" .
Makes 747s, "sn1a1t" bo111bs
, fighter ({,L BO.E--.rNG
plans, 111i
ssile co1nponents and
Apache helicopters. Received
$16.6 billion in 1nilita1yconh·acts in fiscal 2002, $17.1 billion
in 2004. Largest US exporter. Like the other big defense
conh·actors,has adapted 1narketing strategies and application
of products for use in do111estic
security. Under investigation
for 1n1111erous
cases of con·uptiou and influencepeddling.

Lockheed Martin ...
...ntunber one in the defense indush'y "Big Tiuee." Makes
fighter planes, spy planes, 1nissiles and nuclear weapons.
Received $17 billion in nlilitary conh·acts in fiscal 2002 and
$20.7 billion in 2004. Former Lockheed VP Bruce Jackson
chaired the Coalition
for tl1eLiberation of
Iraq which pro1noted
the Bush war plan.
More recently it has
won a three-year, $212 1nillion conh·act to reva1n
security syste,ns for NY C's
pubIic h·ansit
network.

General Electric. ..
...world 's largest cotnpany by 111arket
share. Owns Boeing. Makes jet engines
for both Lockheed Martin and Boeing and received $2.8
billion in nlilitaty contracts in 2002. Also builds nuclear
reactors internationally. Owns NBC, Telen1undo, and n1s11bc
.co1n
Gointly with Microsoft) an1011g
n1any other 111ediaoutlets. Currently
battling to prove that the Superfund law requiring industtial toxic waste
proch1cersto clean up their 111e
sses is unconstih1tio11al.

56

COMMIJNITY

AGROECOLOGV

LA RED AGROECOLOGIA

NETWORK

COM\J~ITARIA

frotn $7-$14 a pound for roasted beam. As
the coffee n1arket quickly grew fanners all
Oh what's 1i1a Cup of Co/Tee?:Agroeco/. over the world jumped on the bandwagon,
often favoring input-intensive monoculture
ogy &1d7ne C4N Co1u1uuu1"(y/
fanning practices that created a global s urplus of coffee. The International Coffee OrWhen atte111ptingto itnbibe enough caffeine to cotu1ter last night 's hang over and ganization formed to oversee the market and
ensure that farmers received fair prices, but
get you through core class, the last thing on
your nlind are the social, environ1nental, po- the 1narket sec urity cnunbled when the US
pulled out. A crash in coffee prices followed,
litical and econo1nic issues brewed witllin
beco111ingcomnionly known as the , coffee
your Coota Rican breakfast blend light roast.
crisis. ' During the coffee crisis, 1nany fannHigh in caffeine, slightly acidic in flavor, the
e1s found production coots exceeded the
drink you are co115u111ing
is 1nore than just
market price, leaving niany farmers in debt
the fuel that will keep your bloodshot eyes
and to so1ne cooperatives in bankruptcy .
open. But you can let your guilt subside a
Cu1rently four 1najor coinpanies-Neslittle with that headache-coffee, despite its
tie, Kraft, Sarah Lee and Proc tor & Gainhistoty of crisis, does have a future of hope.
ble- control the 1najority of production ,
The seco nd moot traded commodity after
packaging and distribution of coffee with
oil, coffee is grown in the equatorial regions
fanners gaining little in comparison to these
of the world, 1nainly by sn1all-scale fanne1s.
companies' profits. Coffee shops can sell
While coffee is a high-risk crop that is subject to price fluctuations and often grown in their coffee at a set price of $3.50 a latte
while fanne1s are at the 111ercyof supply and
conditio115detrimental to the enviro1unentdeinand.
including a need for lligh chenlical inputs,
In the last decade, the fair trade tnovedeforestation and reduced biodiversity as
ment has e111ergedas a recogn ized reference
mountainsides are cleared to increase profor consu1ne1s, who see the ''Fa ir-Trade
duction- developing countries still rely on
Certified " label as a guarantee that the peothe commodity's cultivation.
pie producing their food are receiving fair
The US alone co11su1nesaround 2.3 bilprices and 1neans to suppott their cointnutlilion pounds of coffee a year, according to
Tratl5 Fair USA, which is 1nore than any ties in socia lly, econonlically, and ecol 0gi~
ca_Ilysustainable ways. In addition to coffee,
other countty. Wllile den1and for coffee has
fair trade labels can be t:0 uno 01 choc 0 late,
increased exponentially in consunling coun<00heF
tries, partly due to the specialty market and sugar, bananas , ric~ q~~!) a, t'ea
exports). Business finterests hav.e caifr,a ize
c?ffe~-diinking culture created by cotnpa?11 fair trade, howeMer, t t~
g prenliums
rues hke Starbucks and Pete 's, the financial
into profits, l_eav.·,1o: :the fai,1lilet~N,,>tqe..a,~
a;>eJ
retu111and community support . is not always
justly returned to the farmers and commu11i- of coffee, w1~h 0,ily ~ guara'iitee 0 ~ 1~ 1
,wtea to infilai:i
ties producing the coffee beatl5. The 1narket (recently a<ilj
011 nrlihe al et~
ating ai1ne1s abtl~t1e to efll .11~ 1D<li11'1~pa
JS
price of beans has decreased due to strucin the O'lob narke r.
~
t u1al adjustn1ent encouraged by the World
. Fa~-T1acle-$ rocll:1c
~~Y
ng a ~I@~
Bank and the International Monetaty Fund
111gchalleng ~ 0\&~~F.\ ilUJil
n<>the
ft@ll
JI'
[for 1nore on the global economy, see pgs
the Global Sc;nJh,~he (:}I, \j
ee:
52-55.]. With ove1production, international
0 ~':fs'
pg 52] the G01Mn10
,i~rave'~
-~
price deregulations, and the disregard for
chain of nliocllen1ent , eim.0,!\ w 1, les-ale
the envirorunental issues created through
or roast ~!iofi; aidbiJ re lie
·l .11ce0 an '
monoculture p1actices, the coffee fanner is
placed on the {hp
)Jior iIO ll'~ e~liesfi.!iliuastuck in a difficult financial paradox- relicl~ne. In the enctt n1u1t
fh 0 f ~~ ~ofit sL~ J
ance on production for export, wllile unable
with roasters an~ etar1eis wJl!
l~;1,
J~
to create profitable returns .
0 111
per pound is guarafitee , t0 etun yi:0 cth e,
Due to a long chain traveled by coffee
on its way into your cup, co115ume1sdo
fanne1ing cooperatives.
"'\
,
not always consider the place that it ca1ne
'f?e Conununity Agr 0 ec@I~ Network,
fro111.Coffee is 111ainlyexported relatively
a unique non-profit oi:ganization based on
unprocessed as 'green,' with the capital-incan1pus seeks to relieve this growing distensive, value-adding processes of roasting
parity by di e~
ajring niral coffee-fartnand packaging done in cons tuning countries.
ing co1n1ntrnitieswith the many consuniers
Moot fanners receive $0.90-$1.31 for a
here in Sant,a 6ni z and tJu·oughout the US.
pound of beatlS, while people pay anywhere
by Hannah Buoye

tip

2007 Disorientation

Founded in 2001 by UCSC Environmental
Studies Profes sor Steve Gliessn1an and his
wife Robbie Jaffe, CAN strives to link far1ning co1n1nunities directly with consu1ners,
pron1oting a producer-con trolled n1arket for
coffee. CAN has set up a "fair-trade direct"
systetn with coffee fatnling cooperatives
acroos Central A1nerica.
Coffee fro1n the CoopePuebloo Cooperative in Agua Buena, Coota Rica, is roasted,
packaged and shipped directly to the United
States. Coffee is also available fro1n cooperatives in Nicaragua and El Salvador who
ship their beans to be roasted locally by
the Santa Cn1z Coffee Roast ing Co111pany.
Available tlu·ough 111ailorder and at local
Fanner's Markets, with the UCSC dining
halls as its largest custon1er, the coffee that
CAN sells provides a return of at least $3
per pound to the farnling cooperative.
Unlike voluntaty labeling , such as fair
trade and organic, coffee sold through CAN
retains a direct link to the producing commu11itiesit can1e from. With CAN, the cooperative receives 85 percent of the profits,
money they can invest directly into co-op
infrastructure and conuntulity developn1ent.
In addition to creating a direct n1arket
bev.veen coffee-growing co1n1nunities and
consun1ers, CAN also provides research oppo1tu1litiesabroad for u1liversityst udents and
faculty. Helping to tai:get the environmental
and develop1nental issues surrounding coffee production, CAN focuses on researching and teaching agroecological principles
based on sustainability and co1n1nt111ity
in
order to e1npower local fanners.
During the Coffee Crisis of 1989, com1nunities, such as Agua Buena , in Coota
Rica, experienced a drastic drop in the price
of beam due to the dis1nantling of the International Coffee Organization (ICO) with
US withdrawal. The local coop, Coopabuena went baiik111ptand couldn't pay the 400
funlilies s·e ed for the harvest year. The
~ ii~ 0wn crs~~ @llexodus of young
~ en t0 ur,ba @t~as "'l_l1ile
other fanners, giv~ ~ 011 c@t'f.e
~ c@nvette0 their land to
astll ·e ~ r thQieet neJlS
,! still dedicated
u0 G:@f;fi"
~ if~-)ilrattife& ~ ~liiGiiltural 1net h;
we~ 'iib3:11oon~f..@r t1i~ l3g.~ he1nical
!1 ~t~ luiJf
~~1i1 h~€M.
@ the so-called
~ e~~
n · · ch left farmers
~W.•f n 0. expens.l\le, e11iilizetand pe;sti~gss~ 10:11,
,~n g H bt; nfrecolog1cal
' ev. tat 011
' \1e1to1.li111
e'i1eii'l , G funner and long
ti1ne part,ner wi~h he e. ' ·nten ~ hip lJrogliatn, has 00 ea)rn0re Sl~ -e,
a.Wf;ifarmO
l
JilFaGtiees
t e'CM~t~ e~ r n1 the ~111age
<il@lle
t@f~ by the convers: 0n ,to pasture
an , 11
01~pade grow n' coffee Jinreii.ez's
G!llffe is 0W grown in the shade of for-

a

,tf®~ t2roduc111gtrees , such as bananas ,
will enhance soil quality and provide edible p.i;0clucefor the fa1nily. The coffee gains
nut'cl1i
ents from the leaf-111atterthat falls, acctunttlates and decon1pooes into fertilizer
around the coffee plants. In addition, the
trees provide i111po1tanthabitat for birds. A
s1naller coop, Co- (continued on next page)
·

0

Guide

57

pePuebloo, dedicated to sustainable fanning
Comm,u d ty
practices has been fonned to replace the one
ACJroecology
Fai r T.J'Ad.e
Conven ti onal
that collap;ed during the crisis.
Network ( CaNJ
-----------------~--------------! ____________
_
A strengthening con1n1unity
In May 2007, Roberto and his wife NaoDist ri buto r
tni, with Coota Rica internship coordinator
Julieta Mendez Rojas, visited UCSC and the
Roaster
local co1111nunity,
speaking with and listening
to students, conllllu11ity n1e1nbers, and coffee
Importe r
aficionadoo. The visit was a key step in conRoaster
caN
necting producets and consumets.
Broker
(direct)
By creating a direct n1an·ket for these
Jmport<? r
Ex-port er
conrmunities' coffee beans and encouragCoope rativ e
ing a relationship through inteniship; and
Transformer
research, CAN establishes a bridge between
cultures by bringing the product clooer to its
Tl-ansporter
consmner , Encouraging the use of sustainable
practices and itl'luring the reinvesttnent of profits into the commu11ity, cof'
------------~--------------·------------fee producers are able to 1naintain their livelihoods without detriment to
$ .70- $ 1.05
$2. 97 to the ' $ 1.31 - $ 1.5 1 '
their ecological or social co1nmunities.
to the Farrn/
to the Farmer
Costa Rican
CAN has worked clooely with the UCSC dining halls, and Perk Coffee
Plantati on
Cooperative
Cooperative
carts now setve CAN coffee . While we can consciously choooe to buy
fair trade and organic coffees at New Leaf, it is the larger consu1ners , like
schools, that make the difference in ternlS of creating a detnand for fairly
produced and purchased coffee.
Sta1ting tltis year, CAN will be introduced to new commu11ities at Cab1illo College in Soquel , and many colleges, including UC
Berkeley , U C Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara City College, Eve1green University in Wasltington,and potentially other u11ive1sities in
Califontia .
So sip your coffee co11Sciouslyand remetnber the path of your bean and the people who produce it. As the fanners say, "Coffee is life. "

TopuTchase CAN coffee, inquire about int.ernshipopport101iti
es, or to learnniore, visit the CAN Headquarters atA2 in the ViJlage,
located across front the UCSC Organic Farin in.the lower quarry. CAN 111eetin.g
s are held every Tuesday at 6p111
in BuildingA3.
For 111ore
i11joabout CAN visit wivw.co11u11unityagroe
colgy.net

58

The Garden

Is

Not

a Mebaphor

by Joy Moore
CASFFS Apprentice & Urban Gardener

Why? I began to see a possible root cause
for the early demise of so tnany and can1e
to the conclusion that we had to go back to
basics . I looked around and I noticed there
"I stepp ed out 111ydoor to see concrete ce- were no trees, no gardens nothing growing.
111e11t
asphalt and110trees. I felt, knew we
Stl'uggling for solutions and seeking help I
bad Jell the garden, intent 011destroyingit! becan1e aware of a new orgaruzation that
T,V/Jy
? C aJJ we co1ne, one and all, back to
was also concerned with the issues raised in
tl1e garden aJJd never leave aga1i1
!"
the healtl1 status report, the Berkeley Food
Policy Council (BFPC). At the rneetings
've lived in Berkeley , Califotnia since
of BPFC I met several people who seemed
1969 ; the south part of the town . I to feel the way I did about the conditions
catne to Berkeley as a transplant fro111 of living in sotne pat1s of Berkeley and
New York City attracted by a city known who too noticed the lack of access to good,
for it s love of freedo111and conmubnent to fresh proch1ce and how in1portant tl1at lack
racial equality and egalita1iat1is111
. I wen t of access was. They spoke about the gar•
to school , worked and raised a fanuly there
den and the need to water the edges of the
and catne to love the place . Thirty year s garden to insure the overall health of the
later , in 1999 , 1ny first grandson , Sicb1ey
Paul , was born in Berkeley . That satne year
"LIVING HERE HAS OPENED
the City of Berkeley 's health departn1ent
relea sed a status report on the health of it s
MY EYESTO THE LACKOF
citizen s. There was a big surprise contained
ETHNIC DIVERSilY IN THIS
within that report and it was bo111bshellfor
COMMUNilY
AND ESPEtne , 111yfa1nily and my cotnnnuuty. A s an
CIALLY IN THE UC SYSTEM"
African Atnerican , 1ny grandson , statistically , had a 40% greater chance of dying
before the age of 40 then chilcb'en who
were European Atnerican and lived in the garden . Who are these people, I wondered
tnore affluent parts of the city. N eeclless to And where is this garden they 're talking
say thi s was a devastating shock ; one that about ? It tun1s out that they had graduated
galvanized tne and others to try an figure fron1 an apprentice ship at a far111and gar•
out how and why thi s was happening , here , den progra111at U11iversity of Califonua at
in one of the 111ostenlightened and pro- Santa a·uz 's Center for Agroecology and
gre ssive citie s in the world. TI1e Berkeley
Su stainable Food Syste1ns (CASF S) . TI1e
school District had been one of the first in way they talked , worked and lived caught
the nation to voluntatily integrate and elect my attention and I for111edan alliance with
a Black Mayor and a diver se, repre sentative
thetn and changed tny life and ultitnately
city council. Yet ,vith all the hype about n1y co1111111111ity.
TI1rough the work of the
equal opportu11ity and acces s, son1ehow BFPC and other s we began to make signifi111ygrandson and others like hitn , faced a cant change and began building a sustain·
shortened life span and I had to know why
able , food syste111in and around soutl1 and
west Berkeley. We created an organization
and do so111etl1ingabout it.
called Fann Fresh Choice which sells af•
I began to ask question s and take stock
of 1ny neighborhood, the south side . What fordable , fresh , orga11ic produce at after
were our strengths and resource s, what ,va s school progra1ns and recreation progratns
lacking and needed ? h1 a nut shell , we had eve1y week . We developed en1ployment
an abundance of liquor stores, and a lack
oppo1tu11ities for youth in our commuruty
of grocety store s witl1 vety few oppor turu- and have begun to re-teach people how to
ties to buy and eat good wholesotne food
buy, store , cook and eat green whole sotne
And, although there is a fanners ' market
food again . We have created greater ac•
on MLK and Derby stree ts every Tue sday cess for people to this good food , although
afte1noon , few African Atne1ican s used it. we needed 1nore. TI1ere grew witlun n1e a

I

2007 Disorientation

great desire to save my community and I
began to have visions of a beautifulgarden
where I live that was open and availableto
all. Though I knew nothing aboutgrowing
food or how to create a garden, I became
obsessedwith the idea of creatinga garden
and convincedthatthe gardencould be the
solution to many of the ills we all faced
Again, I looked aroundfor help andI was
remindedof the farm and garden-program
atUCSC.
In April of this year I moved to Santa
Cruz andbecame an apprenticeat the Farrn
and garden program CASFS at UCSC for
six months. I hoped to work hard, learn a
lot , and go back home and save my people
with my newfound knowledge.
Though I have visited Santa Cruz
many times , living here has opened my eyes
to the lack of ethnic diversity in this comrnunity and especially in the UC system . I
chose to move here an<I.learn to grow food
sustainably out of concern for the health of
my family and community. I thought that
by obtairung this knowledge and sharing it I
could aft'ect a grea t change and provide 111y
conununity with the tools and infonnation
to grow good food and thereby i1nprove the
overall health and prospe1ity of 111yco111n1unity. However , after living here in Santa
a·uz for the past three 111011
th s, I 've cotne
to question tl1e wisdom of my decision. I
question whether I can grow and thrive in
tins monolithic culture called Santa Cruz.
I 'tn retninded of the garden again. I be•
lieve a beautiful , succes sful garden ha s variety of color and shape , a plethora of different s111ells and sizes . How can Santa
a·uz 's garden continue to grow and tluive
with one donunate culture , one ethrucity
--all pale? I 'tn lonely and I want to go
hotne , yet I know I will retnain here until
I receive 111ycertificate in order to build a
garden that reflec ts the city I love . I 'tn sad
tl1at the place that has spawned so 111any
gardening visionarie s is also an exatnple
of an exclusionary co111111t111ity.
I plow on,
cb·eanung of the day I go back to Berkeley
and re-build a garden tl1at will welcotne
and sustain u s all. The garden is life! Cotne
back to it and live!

Guide

59

o a true
demo racy to
people
need easy access
independent
and divers
sources
of news and
information
. But the las~
two decades
have given
rise
to an unprecedented
corporat
onsolidation
of mass media.
By 2006, just
six
orporations
emerg
ominate
all media ou
ncluding:
television,
rad
ewspapers,
magazine
·
blishing
and fil

f

anarc hl)' an d t
.swords of thugs.'
0

·•

more likely to disclose
obvious mistakes.

0
0

~?.~~~~~r~a~t~e~m~e~d~i~·a~o~u:t~l~~

e legally
responsib
their
shareholders
t
maximize
profits;
le
;\~doubt
that
a conflict
Q; interest
might create
c bias .
Cons·
~(-;, _IJ~
lowi

of
me

~~

-

ectric,
s Westinghouse,
ich collaborated
eing and Northrop
umman to produce
2 Bomber and the Fghter
Jet,
two plan
at have been invo
tensively
in U.
litary
campaign
eluding
the Kos
....,,,.
ar in 1999, Oper
nduring
Freedo
fghanistan
and
eration
Iraqi
~,
the on
·
Ir
r. *
:_,,
'l"f,
:/Jt-o0Q/~.

.,t,.. '/,

0
'""'u,•

=...
C \

.

orporate
ies from
to the military-industrial
omplex are . commonplace
now
orcing
us into
an era wher
information
can no longer
b
rusted . As these
orporations
consoli
a
their
holdings,
fewer and
fewer individuals
are
'CS
·nvolved
in how the
eceives
their
informati
out the world around
t
is amounts
to a o
at is underisinformed
. **

"Ge
Electric
has
esigned,
manufac
ure
and supp ied parts
an
maintenance
for nearly
every
major weapons
system
used by the U.S.
during
the Gulf War- including
the Patriot
and Tomahawk cruise
missi
e
(Still
being
used by the U.S. as 'first
strike'
weapons)
and several
planes
and spy satellite
systems ..."
(From www. fair. org "The ' Military
Industrial-Media
Complex
~
· Ne ~
O
:1,0
0:9.\
'I}
\~ e~'\.'I

1

ganizations
would "praise
· t e per
tolling
equipment
made by GE, the
·
"
om u
iable
urces

60

~

'l,,

\10: o\ ~tte,.ts
':(o.'o

ot er
r new
ormance .o U.S. weapon
corporation
that
pays
b Norman

SJ-i

f1&3fmr1
Itof.1t
1iUDCB
l l,4
www.treakradio.org
101.1
FM

Free Radio Santa Cn1z 101.1 fin is your local, unlicensed, micropow~r i:3dio station. So111ecall us pirates, but we see what we do
as r~claurung what belongs to all of us collectively, the airwaves.
Radio can be an easy, cheap and fun way to commw1icate with each
other on a grassroots level. Unfortunately, powerful interests have
increasingly con.solidated the ir control of the aiiwaves for their own
profit, at the expen.se of the people and the free flow of infonnation .
Increasing corporate control of the inedia was one of the n1ain reason.s that Free Radio Sa nta Cn 1z was fonned in March of 1995 by a
group <;>f
local folks who were working with Food Not Bombs. They
were dissatisfied with the way that the San ta Ciuz Sentine l and other
Joe~! media were reporti ng stories about events and protests, ofte n
telling the story ahnost solely froin the point of view of the police
depaitn~ent. So they got together to see what they could do to addr~s this problein, ~nd the idea of a radio s tation caine up. So, they
dec ided to pool their ineager resources and buy a trans initter . And
F ree Radio Santa Cn 1zwas born.
Over the years, the station has operated out of a kitchen, a bike
cait, a big tricycle, the basement of a medical inarijuana co-op, a
backyard s~ed, etc. After ten years on the air, in Septeinber of 2004,
we were rcuded by the FCC and dozen.s of heavi ly arined US MarshaJ_s.Foll?wing the raid and_the sei.zure of all of our equipinent,
we 111uned1atelybegan streanung aga in on the web , and in less than
three weeks we were back on the FM dial at 101.1 agai n. Tue huge

and v~ry positive coinnuulit):' response we received during and after
t)1eraid was lughly encouraging to us and enormously helpful in oett111
g back to broadcasting. This conuntu lity support was in.strtune~tal
paitly because we are a coinpletely noncoinn 1ercial radio station and
have absolutely no ads. or unde iwrit ing. We are s uppoited by otu·
progranuners and donatlon.s fron1 the coinmunity.
. So ine fo lks ask us why we don' t just get a liceil'ie. Well, tak!iig to t~1eaiiwaves wit hout a licen.se is not only a stateinent against
111creas1ng coip<?~t~ control of ~oinn1unication, it is a necessity. Licenses ~re proh ib1t1".elyexpensive to obtain, eve n where they can
be applied for. Add1t1onally, for some in the Free Radio collective, a
broadcastiiig .license is con.s!dered w1desirable s ince that requires involven1ent with and regu lation by the s tate. (Some of us don' t think
that we should have to have a license just to talk to one another .)
Furt~ermore, there is little or no liceil'iing for low watt statioil'i like
ours 1n n1ost urban areas. Basically , even ifwe wai1ted a lice il'ie and
could afford one, we would not be able to obtain one under existiiig
laws.
Free Radio Santa Cruz invites you to joi n with us in continuing to
create in?ep~nde nt, truly non-conunercial , commuility 111edia.Tune
your radio dial to 101.1 fin, go to our website freakradio.org where
you can listen to our live s trea1n, see our full sc hedule, contact us,
and even apply for your own show. Progranis inc lude excellent, independently produced news fro 1n a local , nationa l and international
perspectiv_e, lots of great 111usicand local talk shows, 1nany of wllich
are unava!la~le ai1ywhere else ~n your dial. Join ll'i in standing up
for co1n1~un_itycontrol of the auwaves . As Jello Biafra says , "if
you don t hke the media, become the 1nedia. "

Third,,, World,,

make medi-.
make
......
ouble.

anci Nett"WE1/
A~icaw

s

Indyba) r.org - the ,,vebsite of th e SF Bay Arcaa11d Sa11ta
Cruz Independent Media Centers-is a radical news site
vvhere every reader can also be a reporter.
It 's a place for you to lear11 about vvhat's going on in
divense communities all over Northern
alifornia and
beyond. It's also a space for you to easily publish your
own reports, articles, photos, audio & video. Build the
social justice move1nent by sharing your experiences and
reflections with tl1e world.
Every reader is a reporter. Get active. Get involved today!

I,, Vl,,-\IIA:1/1 ..,.........

TWANAShas a 25 year history of being a collective student of color publicationat UCSC. We
believe that TWANASis valuable and necessary
because it provides a voice for UCSC students of
color,which can give strengthto teach the communitiesrepresented. In order for TWANASto
truly representUCSC students of color, we need
the participationof every communityof color at
UCSC. If you share our vision for collectiveaction, we invite you to join us.

s~

l¼'

yo-w,- evvt"td.,ey,phot'O½

outwork;,

~ poe:t"vy !

To submit content and learn how to
get involved:

TWANASPRESS@GMAIL.COM

2007 Disorientation

Guide

61

The following three articles were written by current and former collective members. Each author
explores a different idea about revolutionary theory and practice, and their varying opinions reflect just a few of the many active debates among those in the movement for social justice. As
always, we encourage you, as you read the following articles, to consider their arguments as part
of a much larger discussion and make your own conclusions!

Case for Socialism
by Alessandro ll:inonga of the Inter-national Socialist ®rganization
Socialism Not Capitalism

sides of the border robs both popu latio1is of equality and dignity.
Phu1der for profit is a global process. When ilnperialist nations like
There are two world.5 that exist on our planet: one 0f: wealth
and luxury, the other of sweat and strife. One of the,.41owerfu h.and the U .S. is unable to rely on the consent and cooperation of other
another of the powerless. The latter is a world drowning in P◄Ov.e113/.: nations then anned force is used The war in Iraq will is abotlt one
More than a third of the world's people, 2.8 billio ~ liv:e 011l~s than thing: oil. Iraq has the second largest proven oil reserves in the world
two dollars a day. 1.2 billion people live on less than one tloMar a ano if the U.S . is unable to control that market it will prove to be a
day. Look to the U.S. and picture is still stark:
1naj ot set-back forA1nerican i1nperialis1n. If Exxon Mobil is going to
nake $371 billion in profits the U.S. 1nust control Iraq's
• In 2002 , 34.6 nlillion A1nericans ( 1~
0f the IJ.Glp,ulation) cqntinue t€1l1
lived below the pove1ty line, and 8 .5 nlillion of then1 had :,jorn.
oif 1narket. '!'fie a1nount of n1011eyand resources the U.S. is willing
Overall , Black poverty is double that ofwllites
tb spentl on a w.aF that has already killed over half a 1nillion people
• 50 millio11An1e1icarr; have no healthcaJ'e
rev.eals the aP,palliQg nature of capitalis1n . The super rich are willing
• The 1nini1nun1wage in 2005 was ~ low what it was fifty \Years to SUP,P@rt a war that w,ill ca,t $2 trillion by 2010, which is enough
ago
1none)i t0 feed, c!~ he~ heltf f., educate , and provide medical care to
the enti r e world 's p0pulatio1 f for two decades. S ocialis111is the idea
While the 1najority of thew
p,e0ple
. lit
ve 111 tha the mas s ive amount ,v uf wealth that is produced in society be
prooperity . The assets of the
-i""'' ""- .""..,,..
1aires -a
reate F used f0r l:itnnan need instead of Rr0fit.
than tha,e of the poorest 6
, e0~ OJ!the plane
f•of
the world 's 587 billionaires ·
, cans , wh0Se w.ealth increased
Woi;ker,s'Bower
collectively by $500 · · n
""-.:=,e. ;:r:11e
;x pa,sess the
W~ rkers crea t
wealth ~- , 1ave no control over its
an1ount of wealth as t e c0n1 , 1ne grass tlo1ne'stic wcoduct
·=
uction and distributio1
is is w-m; s0meone like Bill Gates
world's poores ~l 7,0 c0untr,i -~
l)ineo. In the iU ~~ tatistics rey ea
akes 4 ,....,.._
· es
·
1 the
o
ker.-. Microooft is one
a society split betwee
Iii
e
1d-stn1001ing masses . n
"'rofita _:;c.,o,
,=-·nesses
,= ..,.
a y ere is a huge
average, CE
1n
tilnes what ,~""
~. n w.o
dispar,i . etween its CE6 ano w
rod
his profits. If
1nade up
~~~
= ""'--~
ll~~. Tl
= ..i , ere =~
it were n
he faceless 1nultitude
. p e who oeliv.er 1nate1ials
American 0use 0
~~,~ cent of the n
alth, .»7lu e t of1nake c
ltef p =.,.
:,,.::..,,,..,,.. h s~ te
se1nBI v ery tower,
the bottom 8@I?
r1cans c0ntrol only about '1 7 percent of
hip eve !¥, mickage , antl fac1 1
acli t1~
··
ates would
the natio1i,'s w.ea t 1.
1illit-b'illionaire .
· f socie ~ ~='
e built when
lt.intter
· · m, these w
;;:_:,,,;;..:
. toge ther. Th e.._
~1li1~ c
ollect iv.el~,rtake c ,
f that w.e_alth '<Ill aem0eratically
owns the 1nass 0 wealth w · ~ ~'I"
r01is of worke ~ antl p
oil i011an
· tr,ibtttio
The nee
socie w,.
strug gle t0 get b¼ It · in1 ~~'-=
nderstand that the wod
w.or,ki1 lass is t
ajo1~r,y
ocie w/ and is
the rich necessi
or.1.2,i!•
Ri ':h,e nd; ~ erful , th
.....~
o g
111.W.or,ke
_,,, .· tll'ed as blue
capitalists ,, own an , con rol t,he n
.i0n; niines factories,
liite 1n
~ weve r th =;:-'
I1aron S1nith
stores, 111etli:acongl01nerat ~:.c ·
,--,~
,.,"""""~"i'
. to fits. w1it
~~ oi;king,rc!ass incl
, nd unslalled workers
By employing workers , clriv:
, .,._~
,~= -----,.-,.thcare
i1 fa
auntlries , restaurants , sc 00ls, offic es, sweatshop;;
inaccessible, s ~ etling upth
.
= ·~='i'""'
,,,ae~
·
houis , sharecroppe , tena
aF1ne ..,..~""' · ant work eis laboring in
Capitalists 111aketheir P,rofit luouo hex , . 1 . ['
It Wd
-~
w.on1en work
and th
:wiv.e
nale workers ;
corpora te profits ar~
r0e
·
hil eJthe st anoartl ~~ no f
,~~, ~:p;;,
ej
~ un·e1
ne1n lo eel." In the U.S.
entire world, includi,µg the .
tinues to phuun
espi
111
f t'he
r
; won1en 1nake
fact that modern indust ~ p.roauces enotigh f
fee fl the entir
up.c,!H,%, """"" el 1l.l§ is 1 ~"' ~ fBlackS
inas. Worker's
world's population (acc~ litl,Jgi,Jf !i>:C!:JNu1;v.e~
1lillion chilore1
ceiiti=al'
~role
·educ tion gives the1n a s0ei'al p,gw.er- by use of the
die every year fron1 starv ,a ion. I "''"-~ f fee 'Ing th
eople of
trilce w.eap011 o para! ze the s teni '.like 110otlie 1c'c
social force . When
world, Capitalists allow bi! · ~~~=-~ f; grain t0 i· because i
AFSGNIE wo Fke
•h
n a 0ne-oa )l ~trike in 2005, the
not profitable to give it to tl .'li-i'3 ~-ii.i
t.,
ntire U11iv:ersity o
alifo r,nia was sl 9..'\\"W, 0 a halt with the Santa
Exploitation for profit
,
, rde1s. :o.E
hroug w. nstitutions
11zca1npus totalh ,~ ,#tl0\.Y.11
for,se v:e ral)~i~ ws. When38,000 New
such as the Interna tional Monet ill'Y
,,_,."" the W.or-lo Ba1ik, the
r,k:CitY,transit
1t on
·
strike in 2006 they
1na,t profi table nations in the world ti
nter,national trade ana shut down \one.(ol]JheiJ1nqs_ti11101tan
e world . To be sure ,
finance to sui t their need.5. For instan
=c= ng c1asses ofMe~co,
the numbe i' 0fw
· us ri
roouction in the U.S.
Canada , and the U .S. use treaties like
iA~N0rthAiner,ica n · e has gone dow P4J =,,.-- . .
1e ti1
' ndustrial production
Trade Agree1nen t) to expand n1arke
1anc ·
t111ent
llii,.AtneFica is
a tin1e hig g,
·ncreases the social weight
lowering the standard of living by bre
1
antl ta
ofJw.orkers. L
ctiv,isti.\dan1
es that "in 1936 , the even t
The effects on NAFTA have been devas
ile the Me~can
tha tII?cfto theAkro J1;<0li'
1ober
• ~ it-down strike was action
Govenm1ent p1ivatizes formerly state ow
a ano c0Fp0rat ·
'fist twelve n1en•inj us
1e tlepartment. That shtlt down the entire
drives peasants off the land and lowers wag
lsect0 1 ~ inclu,t ~
·ks-of, sever-al thousantl w.or,Jiers. Sixty years later, the st1ike of
Concurrently , U. S. companies downsize indu.st~ l;Y,:
ing
nilli 01is of
e i0'11itetl!Aut
._,_.,
a GM plant iil Ohio , shut down
workers . Mexican worke1s receive slave w. --.::,.- ·
1~t of the --=
~= r0tlu ction ==;:;:ca·"'~ ~w>a'.
<'~~. . and Mexico-save at one plantpopulation under the poverty level thusly fo
iI111ni
~~ ~ l_or~~ ntss_1
1._, """ ~~~~ 1!"= """' 1 to all of North A1nerica in 1996
0
into the U.S. seeking work U.S. co1porat io
inun i .ran ana
__ ,.., ve 111en1a one to 011eplan t in 1936. "
"native " workers agai1ist each other while
tat
both
0

=:..::,_:..;:_:::,.:::~;;.....fu
~

=

62

To be clear, socialis1n is working-class sel f-emancipation .
Only 1nass struggles of the workers themselves can put an end to
the capitalist systen1 of oppression and exploitation. Though socialDemocratic countries have in1n1ensesocial progra1ns that should be
fought for in the U.S., like single-payer healthcare, state-ownership is
not the same as workers' power. Despite the 1nassive social progranJS
that exist all over Western Europe ,
corporations are successfully
pushing govemn1ents to adopt
1nore neo-liberal policies to
increase profit rates.
This
is why the United Kingdo111
is looking to dis1nantle their
Nat iona l Heal thcare syste n1,
German indtl<Jtlyis speeding up
UMIOtl
the assen1bly line, and France
- JU$TIOE
1night extend their working
week to 40 hours (it would be
NOW1
great if the U.S. had a 35 hour
work week to defend).

Revolution
The s truggle of workers
and all oppressed people for econonuc, political and social reforms
are pa,itive steps becatl<Jethey i1nprove conditions for the 1nasses of
people in society and advance the confidence and fight strength. For
exan1ple, if the fight of s ingle-paye r healthcare beca1ne a n1ove1uent
of 1nillio11sof people it could provi de the social weight that would
force the government to abolish free-1narket healthcare. Singlepayer healthcare would stop over 88,000 deaths a year, n1illions
would be treated for curable diseases and i1tjuries and 1nillio11S1nore
would not be ruined through debt. Additionally, winning such an
amazing victory would raise peoples ' expectatio11S that through
action and 01ganizatio11they could win even 1nore de1nands. But
refotms within the capitalist syste111cannot put an end to oppression
and exploitation. Capitalism mtl'lt be replaced
The present st111ctures of the U .S. govenrment developed
under capitalism and are designed to protect capitalist rule. When
a strike breaks out the first and last line of defense for business
interests are the police. In 1999, when tens of thousands of people
de1nonstrated agaimt WTO and the Ilv1F in Seat tle , they were 1uet
with bn1tal repression at the hands of hundreds of riot police. To
prevent protestors from s hutting down the World Tra de Summit, the
police s uspended the 1st An1endment. Historically, during n1ajor
labor upheavals the federal government uses ar1ned 1uight through
the army and the police to force workers back into sub1nission.
The working-class needs an entirely different kind of state- a
de1nocratic worke1s' state based on cow1cils of workers' delegates.
Wl1ile no workers' state exists today, the best exa1nple is the one
created by the Russian Revolution in 1917. In the cou1se of one year,
the worke1s of Russia rose up in a 1nass upheaval that overthrew the
tyrannical Tsarist regime of Alexander II and 1nonths later created a
workers' democracy. Workers' councils, na111edsoviets, were bodies
of direct democracy where all people collectively decided how to
11111
society. Soviets s pread through every barracks, facto1y, field,
unive1sity, and city district, which can1e to run Russian society.
Contrary to popular myth, through the Sovie ts, the workers and
peasants voted to overthrow the capitalist Provisional Govern1ne11t
and create workers ' state led by the Bolsheviks. Workers had
political power allowing visions for a new egalitarian society to take
shape. Unive1sal suffrage was established allowing wo1nen to vote,
wo1uen had equal standing in divorce, abortion was free on de1nand,
oppression of homosexuals and Jews was n1ade illegal, Rtl'lsia ended
its involve1nent in WWI, and oppressed nationalities were granted
self-detem1ination.

Internationalism
Capitalis1n is an international systen1, so the stn1ggle for
socialistn m11Stbe inten1ational by uniting workers of all countries.
Atte1npting to develop Socialism in one country is itnpoosible. One
socialist cotmtry that tries to face the world free n1arket will be

destroyed by imperialist invasion by a neighboring capitalist country,
or will slowly degenerate under economic pressure by international
finance.
The Russian Revolution provided such a threat to the capitalist
world that 14 countries invaded the Soviet republic in an effort to
smash it. Four years of civil war obliterated Rtl'lsia's econo1ny and
its working class and thtl'l ly
degenerated into a dictatorship
by Stalin.
Additionally, a
n1assive revolutionary wave
that swept through the whole
Ui\Otl'
Europe was unsuccessful in
taking state power becatl<Jeof
Justtr.E.
UM
.IOI!.
viciotl<Jrepression brought on
I JUSTM:li.
by 11111nerous
govem1nents.
Revolution
is still a
possibility. The 20 th century
was a century of revolutions,
which showed the global
poosibilities
for
worke1s'
power. Revolts in Hunga1y
in '56, France in '68, Chile in
'72, Portugal in '74, Iran in
'79, and Poland in 1980 are all
inspiring stories that de111onstratethat people are capable of creating
new societies based on worke1s' de111ocracy. Latin A111ericatoday
shows us the potential of people power ; Aigentine workers have
occupied factories as their own and ran the1n 1nore efficiently, the
1nasses of Bolivia have kicked out three neo-liberal govem111ents,
and the people of Oaxaca, Mexico ran an entire city for three 1nonths
under a general strike and held back the Mexican n1ilitary. It is
imperative that revolutionaries defend uprisings of workers and the
oppressed because victories all over the world will strengthen our
fight.

a.

~o

\IM.

Full Equality and Liberation
Bigotry, whether it is racism, sexis1n, hon1ophobia , nationalis1n
or any other fonn of prej udice are used to divide the working-class.
People of color, gays and lesbians, wo1nen and in1n1igrants are son1e
of the specially oppressed groups within the working class and suffer
the n1ost tmder capitalism. The 1nost oppressed in society are used
to keep the exploited n1asses in fear of fighting back and/or are
used as scapegoats for our unjust and chaotic sys tem . Essentially,
as abolitionist Frederick Douglas points out, "they [the powerful]
divide each to conquer botl1 "
If we are going to bring about a better systen1 we must fight with
the 1110,toppressed in society. The liberation of the oppressed is
essential to socialist revolu tio n and impa,sible without it.

The RevolutionaryParty
To achieve socialis111,the n1oot n1ilitant worke1s and students
1nt1Stbe oiganized into a revolutiona1y socialist party. There is a
sn1all layer of people in society right now that consider the1nselves
socialists, however if tnilitants are not oiganized and u11itedaround
a comn1on campaign to win 111oreworkers and students to a progra1n
of revolutionaty action, their sentiments, ideas and partial insights
will dissipa te without real effect. We nuJSt have an oiga11ization in
order to bring the politics and 11istory of revolutiona1y change to
every stn1ggle that is being fought. In the words of Bri tis h socialist
Duncan Hallas: 'The 111anypartial and localized struggles on wages,
conditio11S,housing , rents, education, health [war and immigration ]
and so on have to be coordinated and unified into a coherent forward
1nove111entbased on a strategy for the transformation of society. In
human te nns , an oiganized layer of tho11Sandsof wo rke1s, by hand
and by brain, finnly rooted a1uongst their fellow workers [and
students] with a shared consciotl<Jness of the necessity for socialistn
and the way to achieve it, has to be created"
U11itedtogether, we can destroy this oppressive and exploitative
system of capitalis111.We 1nt1Stoiganize now.

Turn Anger Into Action, Join the Fight!

2007 Disorientation

Guide

63

How can we define violence? Can this definition be adapted according to rank or ptivilege? Is the use of violence acceptable in
self-defense, or in the struggles of oppresse~d~ople ? Is it possible to
create positive change with the tr,e of violence? Can the answers to
these questioll', begin to explain why violent action is used so rarely
within our co1nmunity?
Violence takes 111anyfonns and is us~d by many different people . In all circu1nstances violence creates pain, whether mentally or
physically, for a person or n1any people. \:'iolence can be direct; a
physical blow or a nuclear 1nissile, or indirect ; allowing entire communities of people to die, though plentiful resources are available
elsewhere. Violence can also be on a personal or structural level.
Stn1ctural violence is apparent in cases of police abme, lack of
healthcare coverage , racist and sexist laws, inequality in scliooling
facilities and 1nany other things . Personal violence can be seen moot
obviornly in cases of domestic abuse. These two categories in no
way cover all fonns of violence , and in many ways cases of personal
violence are caused indirectly by stn1ctural violence. Forlllow, however, this will be used as a general definition of violence.

How does violent resistance fit into these categories?
In the face of huge a1nounts of structural violence , Wars, and oppression that 111anypeople are aware of and disagree with, the moot
applauded fo1ms of resistance have been nonviolent;"Nonviolentresistance is appreciated and encouraged by the governn1ent as well
as the people. Niany of the 111ootfatuous instances of~h~ no~vi?le?l
resistance however have only been portrayed as nonv1ofent, while 1n
actuality the nonviolent aspect is only one of many tactics med in
the stn1ggle. Some examples: the civil 1ights move111ent,the nationalist uprisin_g,in India, and opposition to the Vie~nam war, seem to
have been wri en into history as successful nonviolent movements,
however these,thr~e examples used a diveISity of tactics; violent and
nonviolent resis ance both worked towards the"same goals. In the
civil rights 111o
~e111entthere were race riots, Malcolm X, and the
black panthers, not just Martin Luther King. In the Indian uprising,
guerillas and outside threats to the British, not jmt Gandhi.During
the Vietnam War there were Vietna111eseandAmericansoldier's violent uprisings , not just peaceful hippies. These movements were at
least partially successful because of the violence in them.
Does violence in resistance carry the srune..weight that violence
in domination has?
To use an exa111pleof personal violence, in a domestic abuse situation. where a 1nan physically banns his wife or partner, and after
a continuation of this violence she eventually fights bacl.c in selfdefense, her actions are not considered violent. They are necessary
reactions to the abuse. To save herself physically or 1nentally fro111
violence, she 111ustreact with force, or else continue to be banned

64

The California Coalition for Wonien Prisoners ( CCWP) argues that t~ force ca;mot be defined as violence.
This rule can also be applied on a larger scale. With violence
comi
frotn a pre-existing and already dominant power, forceful
resistance is only sel~defense. Self-defense is not at all similar to
the oppressive :violence that makes it necessary.

Why is nonviolence ~e 1nost popular for1n of resistance?
Perhai:~ the g~ennnent pooitively propagandizes it as legiti1nate and successful because they fear n1ore force. When people are
threatened with war and death in other countries why do we use
ritualized protest 1nethods like 1narches and vigils? Is asking local
admi~tration for pennits to walk down a street, literally asking
permission to voice disagreement, realty a form of protest? Or even
freesll!)ech?
~ tlie

revolution been ritualized?
.
. .
During the 2003 protests of the war 111Iraq nulhons of people
got 'pennits and 1narched down the.streets. However this powerful
display of nonviolent resistance had little affect on gove1nn1ental
decisiom aboutthe war.
Within our own community the anti-war 1novement was polarized due to the me of variom tactics. An 01ganization called the
Protest Mediation Council (PMC) was formed "solely to oiganize
protests that are supported by all parts of the co1n1nu11ity,showing
unity agains certain issues." (P.MC Waleed Salaheldin) It seemed
almoo an after thought that they; chooe a cause for this protest:
anti-war. This organization called their action "u11ique" in its use
of peaceful tactics, though as this guide'shows and in the histo1y of
UCSC there have been countless non-violent de1nomtrations. Their
acquiescence in working with the UC SC adtninistration as well as
the local polic~ highlighted differences between the PMC and radical groups already establ~hed
More radical groups felt their own struggles were de-legitinlized
by this polarization.Suddenly there was a con·ect and incorrect way
to work toward. this common goal. The civility of the PMC de111omtrationon May 9th was cont~ted directly to supposedly violent
protestingby groups such as StudentsAgainst War (SAW.)
While violent and nonviolent move1nents can at times acllieve
minorsuccess separately,togetheFa much greater range of activists
can be involved Using a diversity of tacti~ is meful in
creatinga largerunified communi~ Polarizl_!}g two differnt strategies in the move111entweakem all of them.

RETHINKING
BySean
Burns
I said
·
11ot
ornrnun1ty
,
C
. I
cornrnod1ty.
0,

What dreams does the word revolution conjure up? The 2ou,
Centu1y witnessed a whole range of revolutions bon1 as drea111,raised
as nightn1are. Tin1e and tin1e again, seizure of state power was held
up as the holy grail of emancipato1y tramfonnation- think Russia or
China. And tin1e and ti111eagain, these revolutionary states proceeded
to control and 111urdertheir populations at genocidal levels. Fro111
this histo rical angle, revolution looks like a grim 111in
·or in1age of the
social order it seeks to transcend
This violent paradox gives you a sense of the backdrop against
which I believe we need to rigorotr;ly think through what this
word - revolution - can mean for tl'l today. If you're interested (as
I a111)in holding onto the word , I would argue it's a vital ti111eto
reconceptualize its n1eaning. A kind of revolutionizing of revolution
- at once philooophical and deeply concrete and pragmatic.
My starting point for reconceptualizing revolution is this: social
transformation occurs withinspecific political, economic, and cultural
conditions. Fonnulas , generalizations, and universal proclamations
about social change should be examined with great skepticis111.
His torical ly, revolution has 111ootoften been thought of as the seizure
of govenunent throug h aimed i115tugency.
Whether such seizures have lead to pooitive
changes in living conditions for the 111ajo1ity
is, as I have suggested, con1plicated What
has been described as revolution has so often
been the ove1throw of one authoritarian
leadership by another. This is the primary
reason why I think the insurgent toppling
of goven1ment should not necessarily be
thought of as revolution. After all, what has
changed? New faces , new rhetor ic, sa111e
violence and oppression
Revolution should be rese1ved to describe
the ove1throw of a society's dominant
111ytll'i
. By dontlnant 111ytll'i
I 111eanthe set of
prevailing political, econontlc , and cultural
assu111ptionsand practices that determine a
society's moot foundational order. Dominant
111ytll'iexert power by virtue of their wide
spread perceived legitin1acy. The issue is not whether they are true
or false (that's irrelevant) . The issue is whether a majority of people
buy into their pre111isesand everyday implications. So111eof the
do111inantmyt!l5 which structure life in the United States are:
• White supre111acy
• The belief that private property is natural , and that
privatization and the expansion of the free 111arketcan bring
stability and prooperity to all

Hierarchy(and 111oot
notab ly patriarchy) is necessary for the
111aintenanceof order

War ensures peace
• The natural world is inherently con1petitive and
antagonistic
• There is, in the broadest sense , not enough for eve1yone.
Not enough land, not enough food, not enough happiness ,
not enough ti111e.
You 'll notice how many of these ideas see111to connect up with
others.

The last point to raise about do111inant 111ythsis that while
legitimacy is 111ootoften achieved through stniggle and influence
on the ideological level (that is to say the social playing field of
ideas) , do111inant111ythswill in n1any circunlStances be born , defined
and reinforced through physical violence. Forced displacemen t
of indigenous peoples, lynching, the CIA, and recotuse to martial
law are jus t a few exan1ples. As Rudolph Rocker says , ''Power's
intellectual fonn of expression is dead dogma, its physical form is
bn1te force ." This relationship between violence and do1ninant 111ytll'i
is very in1portant for thinking about revolution in the U nited States. I
need not remind you we live in the 111ootpowerfully militarized state
ever; there are no ren1otely clooe comparisons. Anned insu1gency
(which I differentiate fron1 localized instances of anned defense) is
not practical.
The first fronts of revolutionary practice in the Un ited States
are the subversion and delegitin1ation of do111inant111ythsand the
creative forging of alternative 111odesof thought and action. This
is revolution conceived of as a constant process of bringing social
ends and 111earntogether. Egalitarian vision inftr;es and str;tai115
social strtiggle; social struggle inftr;es
and sustai11S egalitarian visions.
This
conception of revolution, rooted in the
decolonization of everyday life , guards
against the related trap, of waiting for
revolution (so111eday the conditions will
be right. .. ) or thinking revolution is near
at hand (as 111anylate '60's radicals felt).
This conception of revolution draws
resources from contradictions insofar as it
recogn izes that do1ninant 111yt
.hs are never
invincible and bolted down - they can be
C &l ""S:'
s haken up, 111oved, reconfigured, toosed
and tagged At the sa111etin1e, subversion
~!lillll and resistance 111ustsee contradictions in
their very conditiom for pa,sibility and
reme 111berthat dominant n1yths die slow
p,ych ic deaths . Grand, self-righteotl5
notions of living a pure existence beyond
and outside of oppressive donunan t myths tends toward shott
sightedness and vanguardism. Tins often leads to what son1e people
call "sectarianism" - a situation where different social change group,
( often quite s111allin size) squabble over the precise and co1Tectway
to advance change.
My feeling is we need n1ultiple tools and strategies to dismantle
powers that are as concentrated as thooe we confront today. More
often than not, different ideologies and tactics create essential space
for one another to work in, an effect which is under-appreciated in
argu111entsover who is right and wrong. Revolution, after all, must
proceed through a heightened spirit of experimentalis111. This is not
to say that concrete strategic differences should not be wrestled with
and worked tlirough. Quite the contra1y, we need to 111axitnizecritical
exchange around what kinds of long-tenn visio115we hold and what
kinds of in1mediate co111111unity
projects and coalition building will
get us living aspects of our dreams . This co111bined,patticipatory
effo1t is the very work of revolution

I WANT

GH/XNCE
:

2007 Disorientation

Guide

65

66

The Bicycle Church is a collec tively owned and operated tool co-op
with a mission of providing the tools, space,
and su pervision for a diverse co1n 1nu11ityto
learn to repair bicycles. Open fron1 3-7p 1n,
Mon -Sat, the Church can help you with anything from a flat tire to building a bike fron1
scratch. Wo1nen/Tram Only works hops eve1y other Sunday ,
and lots of afterhours s kill-shops as
well. Need to fix up
your dad's old bike
a5 a sleek con1mut er
to get around campus? Come on down .
Along with our sis ter
organizat ions , P eople Power and Pe d
X, we are T11e Hub ,
in Santa Cn 1z, for bicycle advocacy and
sustainable transpor tation . And we ' re a i
ot of fun.
'~< " ·

James Connol ly

poET
&
PA.TR1-0T
1-R1-sb puu
Wo rkers We l co m e!
Chris Matth ew s
Publi can
320-E Cedar Str eet
Sant a Cruz, Califo r ni a 95060
(831 ) 426-8620
www.poetpat.com

--------

l

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:J.:J-JlJJJJ 'J.!:1
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I
I

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[831) 429-8505
Open Till 3 :00 AM Every Day
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~---------------------------~
2007 Disorientation

Guide

67

1


~.ACK

LCOM

204 LOC UST ST. 457-1 '195
1

MONDAY THROUGH
SA TU RDAY 10AM UNTIL 6PM
OPEN

68

CLASSISM :

ENVIRONMENTAL

TI1e belief that people dese1ve tl1eir privilege
or Jack thereof based 011".111erit",social statu.5,
level of education , job, bi1tl1
, etc.

cli.5c11nll!lation in euvirorunentaJ
111aki110and the enforce111ent of regulations
.,a.11dJaw.5; tJ1e deliberate targeting of
conu1nuuties of color for toxic waste
facilities; tJ1e official .5anctio1u.11gof
tJ1e life tlu·eateillllg presence of
poisons and pollutant.5 i.11our
COllllllWUties;and tJ1e lusto1y
of excluding people of color
fi·o111the leadership of the
enviro1u11e.11tal
move111ent.

COLLECTIVISM :

-~

TI1e principle of distributing ow11er.5/up
to a group of people , ratl1er tl1ana
si.110/e
., owner. TJ1ere are 111a11y
exa111plesthrougJ1out lustory
in whicl1 collectivization has
tra.11,5fon11eda workplace by
aclueving greater participation,
increased dignity and equality
of the workers.

COLONIALISM :

AGENCY:

TJ1e means throug/1 wbic/1 011e
exerts power or achieve.5 a goal.
ANARCHISM : A111u11brellaten11describi11g
ideas that reject stn1ctures of Juerarchy and
power. Different brancJ1es of a11arclusmJ1ave
different bases sucl1 a.5 the individual, a11
oroa1uzatio11, a trade 1uuon or a co11u111uuty.
BUREAUCRACY :
An organizational
syste111ba.5ed 011dividing responsibilities and
rewardin a co111pJi
cated and exten.5ive1uerarchy.
Con11ptio11i.5co11u11on
in bureaucracy because
of the alienation experienced by those on tbe
bott:0111
of tl1e syste111in addition to tJ1eJack of
acco1u1tability present at the top. Excessive
routine, 111ostof winch is illogical, works to
make bw·eaucracies inipenetrabJe.
CAPITALISM: A11econonuc .system ba.5ed
on class whicl1values profit over all else. TI1e
majority of us (w/10 are e.5sential tools of tlus
syste111)
111ust
sell 01u· labor("work") in order to
Jive, often beconung alienated fi·o111our labor
due to mea1u11gless
and uni.11tere,5ti11g
jobs
(i.e. assembly lines).
MeanwJuJe,
wealthy
people
(often
as
cotporati ons) ow11 tJ1e
facilities and tools of
the syste.111
, a.11dprofit
fro111 their OV\lllerslup.
By a.11y111eans
nece.5sary
they scour tJ1e world
looki.11g for cJ1eaper
ways to acc1u11uJate
more 111oney often
at tJ1e expense of tJ1e
working cla.5.5.

RACISM:

Racial
policy-

EXPLOITATION:
A relationslup in wluch one party
is greatly nustreated or nusused for
tl1e greatest po.5.5ib1ebenefit of the
other party.

A relatio11,5Jupi.11wbicJ1a colonizing
state establishes 111eansto control
tJ1eecono111y
, nulit~y , politi~.5and \ j
culnu·e of a coJ01uzed nation or . i
people. The p1upose of colo1ualis111
I;
is to extra~t 111axin1'.un
profits fro111 !I
tJ1e colo1uzed nahon for tl1e
·
col01uzing state.

FREE TRADE:

COMMODIFICATION
:
WJ1e11 sometJung valuable,
sucJ1 as a move111ent, a fasluon or
a1t,is transfonned i.11to
sometlung iliat can
be excJ1anged for cw1·e11cy.In tJus process
desire for profit ovettakes genuine passion.

CULTURAL APPROPRIATION :
TI1eft of cuJnu·aJ elements for one 's own
use, conunodification, or profit - i.11cJuding
syinbols, a1t, Ja.11guage
, customs , etc. - often
witl1out 1u1derstandi.11g,acknowledge111ent, or
respect for its value in tJ1e origi.11al
cultiu·e.
Results fi·o111tlie ass1unption of a donunant
cuJnu·e's riol1tto use oilier cuJnu·aJ ele111ents.

DIRECT "ACTION :

The reduction of regulations
and oilier con.5b·aints on
busi.11esses to increase
inten1ationaJ trade. Free
tz·ade is rarely fi·ee, J1owever;
oovetrunent i11te1vention is
"
nece.5sary
to elinunate any Jaws
tJ1at \Votild prevent profit-111aking
(sucl1 as J1ealtJ1, enviro1u11entaJ, and
labor laws) a.11dto 111aintainsocial order
(tlu·ough policing a.11dp1isons, among ot~er
111easures)in societie.5wit:11
vast a11dgrowmg
inequalities.

GENDER BINARY SYSTEM:
A biologicallydeten1u1ust systezn of oppression
winch dictates iliat tJ1ere are two acceptable
.,oenders ' 111anor won1an. TJus is a gender
,
regi111epoliced a11dupJ1eJd by heterosextsm
a11d patiiarcby (clo.5ely linked to white
supre111acy a.11dcapitalis111),
whicl1 regulates

Any action ain1ed at acJueving a direct
result. Often used by political, .5ocial or labor
organizations

wJ1at oe11der "roles" are and tl1e p1uusJu11ents
"
for cl1alle11ging
or deviating fi·om tl1ose roles.

tlu·ougl1 shikes,

Tiu.5 tenn usually refers to tl1e expansion
of econo1nies beyond national borders, in
particular, the expansion of production by a
finn to 111anycountiie .5 aro1u1d tJ1eworld, i.e.,
o/obalization of production , or tJ1e "global
:sse111blyline. " Tius J1as given tra.11,5nati
onal
co1porations power beyond co1u1tiies, and
l1asweakened any nation 's ability to control
corporate practices and flows of capital, set
l·eo1ilations contJ·oJ bala.11ces of b'ade and
"
' , or 111anagedomestic econonuc
excJ1ange
rates
policy. It bas also weakened tl1e ability of
workers to figl1tfor better wages and working
conditions fi·om fear tJ1at e111ployers 111ay
relocate to otJ1era1·eas.

prote

sabotage

.5ts,
or
otJ1er

any
creative
plan
tJ1at
de111ands
so111etJu.11g
fi·om
an
i.11.5ti
h1ti0.11
of power and
auilio1ity.

2007 Disorientation

GLOBALIZATION:

Guide

69

HETEROSEXISM : An ideological and
is doniinated by an oppresso1; 31ld by
those who consent witl1 tl1eir .5ilence.
social systen1 of con1pulso1y and asstuned
Oppre.5si
on is the power and tl1e effects
l1eterosexuality, ba.5edon bina1y gender, wliich
deniesandpersecutesnon-l1eterosexualfonns of
of do1ninatio11.111ereru·emany fonns of
(often) interlocking oppression.5:racism,
behavior, identity, relationship, or conununity.
Heterosexism also privileges people wl10 act
sexi.5111,classis111
, l1eterosexis111,anti"straigl1t."
Se11iitis111
, abli.5111,ageis111,etc. People
HIERARCHY:
Any syste1n or stn1cture
can be oppressed by one or more of tl1ese
whicl1 ranks people above one anothe1: Tiiis
syste111swhile be11efitingfi·o1n privilege
one or more of tlie otl1ers.
stn1chu·ecreates a relationsliip of donii11ation obtained fi·o111
An eco1101nic
,
and subordi11atio11
betwee11those wl10 lie 011 PATRIARCHY:
opposite sides of the .5pectnuu. Ofie11ti111es political, culhu·al 311d.5ocial .system of
these ladder.5are 11earlyimpossible to cli111b do11iination of wo111e11tl1at privileges
due to co1111ptio11
, racis111,etc.
me11. It is ba.5ed 011 bi11a1yde:fuiitions
HOMOPHOBIA: 111efear and persecutio11 of gender - 1nalelfe1nale- witl1 stiict
of queer people rooted in a desire to 111aintai11 ge11derroles. It also bas 11gidlyenforced
the l1eterosexualsocial order.
hetero.5exuality tl1atplace.5111ale
lsti·aigl1t
IDEOLOGY: A belief,5yste111
whicl1sl1apes as supe11orru1dwo111en
/queer as infe11or.
PEOPLE OF COLOR: A term used to
the way people understa11dand exist in the
111ale
/female and refuses to buy into "gender
world. 111estate and otl1erinstih1tio11sofie11 refer to peoples and etluiicities wl10,5eru1cestral roles." As a sexual definition it c3111neru1
that
1nruiipulateideologies i11 order to 111aintai11 011gin.5are fi·o111
Afiica, Asia, tl1eMiddle East,
tl1eperso11is generally l10111osexual
but prefers
"social co11trol."
tl1ete1111
queer becau.5eit so1mdsless like a text
Pacific islands, and the A111e11cas;
used instead
IMPERIALISM: A policy of extendi11g of tl1etenn "1ni11011ty"
wliicl1irnplies infe11011
ty
book diagnosis or tl1at tl1e perso11refuses to
. 111eterm e111pl1asizes see sexuality as a set bo1u1da1ywherein people
co11trol or autl1ority over foreig11te111tories ru1ddisenfrancliise111e11t
expe11encesof racial disc11niination can only be atti·actedto n1en and/or wo1ne11,
as a 111ea11s
of acquisition a11d/or111aintenance co11u11on
.
of e111pires,eitl1ertlu·ougl1dir ect co11trol(i.e.
or rac1s111.
or 31lYother definition tl1atpeople create for
tl1e111selves
or tl1eirco11ununities.
1nilita1yoccupation) or througl1indirect co11trol PREJUDICE: A prejudice is a pre-judg1nent
of the politics and/or eco11011iiesof otl1er in favor of or against a person, a group, an
RACE: A cla.5.5ificationof lnuna11beings
co1u11:!1es
(i.e. occupatio11 by ti·ans11atio11al event, 311idea, or a thing. An action based on
created by Europea11s(Wliite.5).Race i.5 often
prejudg1ne11ti.5 disc11niinatio11.A negative
used to defu1e social stahlS and h1unan wortl1
cotporatio11s)
.
MILITARYINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX: prejudg111e11ti.5 ofie11 called a stereotype. wliile wliiteness re111ainstlie basis or 1nodel
A tenn coi11edi11 WWII era by Eise11l1ower An action based 011 a stereotype is called
race wliicl1all otlier.5ru·eco111pared.
because of the i11creasei11pa1tnersliipsbetwee11
bigotiy. (111erei.5 110power relatio11sliip RACISM: Power pltlS racial prejudice,
11eces,5a11ly i111pli
ed or
a syste111that leads to the oppression of or
the niilitary and business. The i11creaseof
1nilita1y prese11cei11 01u· .5ociety is also
expressed by "prejudice,"
di.5c111nination
against specific racial or ethnic
refen·ed to as niilitaris111.
di s c r i 111i II a ti o n , "
groups. Forms of racis111range fro111i11temal
"stereotype"
or
NATIONALISM:
111e belief
(disc111nmatingagainst one's own race) to
that 11ation.5 will benefit fi·o111
"bigotiy.")
sl:!11ctural (disc11nii11atione111bedded1.11a
acting indepe11de11tly
rather tl1a11
PRIVILEGE:
syste1n)
U11ea111ed
.5ocialpower
collectively, e111pl1asizing
national
SEXISM: Pe1peh1ate.5
a system ofpatiiarchy
accorded by tlie fonnal
wliere men l1old power and privilege and
rather tl1an inte111ational goals.
31ldinfonnal i11stih1ti
ons
wo1ne11are subordinate to 111e11.
Natio11alis1n
is strongly linked with
ofsocietyto all111e111bers SILENCING:
Sih1atio11sin whicli people
racis111311dliierarcl1y.
of a donm1antgroup (e.g.
NEOLIBERALISM: 111e set
fi·o111doniina11t social groupi11gs do11ii11ate
wliite p11vilege, 1nale discussions or do1ni11ate
of idea.5 that l1as justified tl1e rise
space.
of capitalist globalizatio11over tl1e
SYNDICALISM:
TI1e belief that the
p11vilege, etc.). Piivilege
last twe11ty-fiveyears. 111e111ai11
te11et
is u.5ually ir1vi.5i
ble to
capitalistsociety can be cl1angedby tlie working
is tl1at"the 111arketwill take care of
tl1osewho l1aveit because
clas.5tlu·ough the orga1iizationof labor 1uiio11s.
we're taught 11otto see
Ofte11a rejection of co11ventio11al
party politics,
eve1ytliing."I11practice
, tliismean.5
co1u11:!1
e.5 cutting funding for
it, but 11eve1tl1eless power is de11vedtlu·ougl1direct actio11and the
social services such as educati011,
it puts tl1e1nat 311 power of a 1uiitedworking class. The belief that
welfru·e,and healtl1care, and selling
advru1tageover tl1ose workers of a ti·a.de are ju.5t as 1nuch owners of
who do not have it.
("p11vatizi11g") publicly-owned
tl1e1neans of productio11as tl1eir"bos.5es" 31ld
QUEER:
Queer is
facilitie.5 such as scliools, liighway.5,
tl1ereforedeserve equal eaniings..
wate1;and e11ergyutilities. At tl1esa111eti1ne,
311 1u11brella tenn of selfTHIRD WORLD: A tenn developed dtuing
this mean.5 cotporatio11.5a11di11vestor.5bei11g ide11tificatio11and 1neru1sdifferent tliings to
tlie cold war by tlie regions v,110felt detached
different people but is usually used i11place of
given li·ee reign to 111axiniizetlieir profits,
li·o111
botli tlie fu·stworld (CapitalistU.S.A.) and
of gay, lesbian,
tlie second world (Conu111uiistSoviet U1iion).
whetlier tl1atrequires busti11g1uiions, d1u11ping or in addition to ide11tificatio11.5
orir1te1,5ex.
TI1ebasicidea
Today it i.5 commo11ly used by n1ainstreru11
toxic waste, or destroying e11tireeco1101nies bisexual, IJ·311Sgende1;
witl1volatile sho1t-te11ninvestine11ts.
is that queer is a ge11deror sexual identification
111ediato de.5criberegions of tlie world whicli
OPPRESSOR, OPPRESSED, and
that i1nplies tl1at tlie person is outside of
suffer fi·o111
i11tensepoverty and exploitatio11.
OPPRESSION: An oppressor is one wl10 traditio11al binaries of gender (malelfe111ale) 111eterm "Global Soutli" is a 1nore politically
uses lier/his power to don.iinate a11othe1;or
con·ect alte111ative.
ru1d/or.5exuality(gay/straiglit). As a defuiition
who refuses to use lier/his power to cl1alle11ge of gender it often 111e311s
that tl1eperson does
that domination. An oppressed is one wl10 not see themselves as fitting ir1tothe binruy of

70

TOKENISM:

Presence
without
111eaningfuJ participation. For exa111ple, a
superficial invitation for participation without
ongoing dialogue and suppo1t, handpicked
representatives wl10 are expected to speak
for the ~vhole (socially oppressed) group (e.g.
"tell us l1ow wo111e11experience this issue ").
Tokenis111is often used as a band-aid solution
to l1elptl1egroup inIJJrove its i111age
(e.g. "we're
not racist, look there 's a person of color on
the panel ").

TOTALITARIANISM:
A fonn of goveminent in
whi cl1 tl1e .5tate controls
all aspects of society. In
these cases, ideology is
often u.5ed as a tool by
the govenunent to force
its citizens to 111eetits de111ands.
Mass s1uveillance, propaganda and
secret police are conunon institutions
estabJi.5J1edby totalitarian gove1ru11ent.5.
TRANSGENDER:
TI1e definition of
transgender often overlaps witl1 tl1ose of
transsexual and genderquee 1: Altl1ougl1
111ai1ypeople use tl1e tenn in tl1eir own
ways , transgender usually 111ea11Sa
person who identifie.5 as a gender otl1er
thai1 tl1e one tl1ey were given at bi1tl1.
Transgender includes 11011-op,pre-op, ai1d
post-op individuals (i.e. tl1osetl1atchoose not to
surgically and cl1emicallycl1ange tl1eirbodies
to look more like tl1egender tl1ey identify witl1,
those wl10wisl1to cliange their bodie.5but J1ave

not yet done so, and tl10.5ewl10 have already
gone tlu·ough tl1e process).
Trai1sgendered
people are often categorized as eitl1er /2111or
m2f (fe111aleto male or 111aleto fe111ale).
TRANSPHOSIA: TI1efear and per.5ecution
of transge11der/ti·a11.5.5exual
persons, rooted in a
desire to maintain tl1e gender binary (i.e. the
categories
"male "
and
"fe111ale"), wliich
obsc1.u·estl1ereality
of the fl1Iidity of
gender and Iiides
tl1e expe1ience of
persons who do
not identify with
eitl1er category.

WHITE PRIVILEGE:
A p1ivilege is a 1ight, favor,
advantage,
imnnuiity,
specially
grai1ted to one individual or
group, and witlu1eld li·om
anotl1e1: Wliite p1ivilege
J.5
ai1
liisto1ically
based,
institutionally
pe1petuated
system
of. (1) Preferential
prejudice
for
and
treatinent of wliite people
ba.5ed solely on tl1eir skin
color and/or ancestJ·al origin
fi·on1Europe;ancl(2)Exe111ption
Ji·o111
racial and/or national oppression based
on .5kin color and/or ai1cesb·al01igi11 from
Anica, Asia, the A111ericasand tl1eArab woi:ld.

As youflip throughthis year's Disorientati.on
Gllide

there are probablysome things you dij and some
thingsyou wouldchangeif you could... and thank
goodnessfor that! Yousee, this projectwas crealed
owr the summerby a small numberof folks who
contribuledtheir knowledge
, resomces, and time.
In otherwords: we gaw it ourbest shot.

U.S. institutions and culture (eco1101nic,legal,
11Iilita1y,political, educational, entertai1u11ent,
fai1Iilialand religious) privilege peoples fro111
E1u·opeover peoples fro111tl1eA111e1icas,Afiica,
A.5iaai1cltl1eArab worlcl.In a wliite supre111acist
syste1n, wliite ptivilege and racial oppression
are two sides oftl1e sa111ecoin.
WHITE SUPREMACY: Wliite supre111acy
is an Jiisto1ically based, institutionally
pe1petuated syste111and icleologyof exploitation
ancl oppres.rion of continents, nation.5 and
peoples of color by wliite peoples ancl nations
of the European continent; for tl1ep1upo.5e of
111ai11taining
ancl defending a syste111of wealt/1,
power anclp1ivilege ..
XENOPHOBIA: In·ational or 1mjustified
l1atred for so111ething foreign.
Most
conunonly found today in societies whicl1
fear cliver.5ity.In liigl1inco1ne areas , policies
a1·e clevelope cl to cleny acce.5s to l1ousing or
tlie clevelop111entof/ow inco111e
housing so as
to keep out people of color and tl1e working.
Xenophobia is strongly linkecl witl1 racis1n
anclwliite supre111acy.

Do you agree with the se
definitions?
Which would you change?
What other terms would you

include?

• TltE DISORIENl'ATI
·

Manyof us aregraduating
thisyear,so the collecuw
will needlots of new participants
. Wewelcomeand
invill you to makenext year's gllideyourown by
givingfeedback, providingconlent, and/ or helping
with its constructi.on
. Onlywith yom help can the
DisGllideevolw, improw, andgrow.

Takeus over.
Comments.
Critiques
. Involvement.

Emaildisguide@graffiti.net

2007 Disorientation

Guide

71

KNO

YOUR RIGHTS
B Santa Cruz Co watch

What rights do I have?
The Rightto Advocatefor Change.
The First Amendmentto the U.S. Constitution protects the rights of groups and individualswho advocate changesin laws, governmentpractices, and eventhe form of government.

The Rightto RemainSilent.
The Fifth Amendmentof the Constitutionprovidesthat every person has the right to remainsilent in
the face of questionsposed by any police officer or governmentagent.

The Rightto be Free from "UnreasonableSearchesand Seizures."
TJie Eour,th i\r;i;iendmentis supposedto protect your privacy. W,ithout.a. warrant, no governme
· ,....,,_
earich your home or office and you can refuse,:fGJ
•let t
· Kno'11'tfowever,
nmentto monitor your telephonecalls,.., ~-•
r @ffice, horn
ell as mail. E-mail is particular~!1~"'1$i
e~~·
~-~

r'

run

~

:

,

.--..

~

.,..,..

~._~

ka'X ~~

specific

'-..

just a guess or a

L

d

eir Accusatitrns.

,

ny questions,,. I[, ou a

1

to~
registrafio
' • . :l
d ~vliile walking , you a
you are being det~ined ·or•is;ued
~
ID to the co
~.,..,
y can ta
tion to ;v.eri your i
·
---....._

~-

Do

.

o,.

,,'ea '•

gu··

.::l!!l
1

...;;,r_ •

.

'

•.

·

When talking to t en1'liliiP..i
ys ke~~i ur hands in sigh¼l_Do not
touch the1n. Do not ru
axAf en it 3/991have done n~1u ~ -....
wrong. Do not argue with ins 1lh or be rude to an~ fficers, ev
if they are being ru
..,.,,
/

Do Not ResistPhysically.

If A Cop TriesTo
Person:

Use your words and keep cool. You 1nay be handcuffed,
searched , photographed and fingerprinted.

Sayrepeate
If in a car,
consen t:t~ ~s ·

.,....;&p~

1a~.an_:. ,.;........
._..,...,
i:....,,

, Your House , .

our

Say Repeatedly, "I Don'tWantTo TalkUntil My Lawyer
Is Present."

the search.
~ by doing so you
· · lFtllt home,

~~'o ,- •.

,..ThePolice
'.1r
r
~t
You
...
I
i

oJ

reason to enter your house . As to see t e warr M
an~t..,at
,..1d Zlt~ck for
proper address, judge 's signature, and what the ,varrant says the
cops are searching for. Everything must be correct in a legal warrant. Otherwise, send the police away.
The cops can do a "pat search" (search the exterior of one's cloth ing for weapons ) during a detention for "officer safety reasons."
They can't go into your pockets or bags wit hout your consent. If
you are arrested, they can search you and your possessions in great
detail.

Even if your rights aren't read, refuse to talk until your lawyer/
public defender arrives. 7!I
~ ::-

If You'reOn Probation/Parole:
Tell your P.O. You've been arrested , but nothing else.

Do Not TalkTo InmatesIn Jail AboutYourCase.
Get Help!
In California, within the first three hours of your arrest , you
are allowed 3 local phone calls: one to a family 1ne1nber or
friend , one to a bail bondsperson, and one to a lawyer.

For moreinformationonyourlegalrights,v1s1t
www.nlg
.org

72

Item sets