Disorientation Guide 2009-10 (UC Santa Cruz)

Item

Current View

Title

Disorientation Guide 2009-10 (UC Santa Cruz)

Date

2009

Place

Santa Cruz, California

Source

https://issuu.com/dis-orientation/docs/ucsc-dog-2009-2010

extracted text

C SANTACRUZ

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2009-10
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MISSION STATEMENT

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So you've gotten to the Univertion to higher knowledge, its liberalism, its openness--are MISLEAD7' sity of California at Santa Cruz.
,
Congratulations! What now?
ING and OPPRESSIVE. Its merits,
{ The ideas the University produces
prestige, positive stereotypes... are
about itself construct an ideal image LIES.
of what awaits you here: an image
off ulfillment and understanding, a
Throughout the course of this Guide
1 picture of the life you 1nightbuild for we will do our best to dispel these illu1
, yourself after you get your degree. So sions, to disillusion and disorient you,
'1
how couldn't you be idealistic and
ultimately opening the way for a stronger, •
excited? After all, you've arrived
clearer, more independent understanding of yourself, your university and what
at one of the most beautiful places in
.
the world and prepared yourself for the
lies behind this all. We have intern1pted
journey of a !ifetime.
these myths by remembering and recording
UCSC's decades of empty promises, shady
There's just one problern: The stories the frants, and projects in the service of rnechaniUniversity tells about itself--its dedicacal socialization and exploitative capitalism
(markets?). Within these pages, you
will find the research and analysis,

art and humor we have collectively
gathered in our efforts to expose the
str11cturesof our life and reorient our
understanding of thern. Some of it has taken years
to research; some you can find with five minutes
and a wifi connection.

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This is free information which we've crafted
into a Guide, a frarnework for navigating the
cornplex of global systems which have created the
University as we know it today. These systems
are highly interconnected and create a network-the University--of cuts, exchanges, proposals and
external investments, entangling and constructing
a range of actors, some of whom sit atop and others who struggle from the bottorn. We call this the
UC Machine. So, welcome. And prepare for your
Dis- and soon-to-be-Re-Orientation to the University of California at Santa Cruz.

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

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Mission Statement
Welcome to the Machine
Local Histories
Santa Cruz City Map
Ohlone People
Free Skool
Hometown Blues
Homelessness
Herbs & Cannabis
Labor Organizing
Engaging Education
Rainbow

20

SOCC

22
24
25
30
31

Save the Student Voice!
Ethnic Studies
The Budget Cuts
The UC Corporate Hustle
Long Range Development Plan

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48
51
52
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62
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67
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71
74
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78
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80

Local Plants
Local Animals
Along Came a Spider: Tree Sit
Environmental Consumerism
Composting!
ESLP
Power & Liberation
Lies Military Recruiters Tell
Academia & Empire
Fuck The Regents
Whom Does the Empire Serve
Power Map
Violence
AETA4
Non-Profit Labor
Imperialism
The Whitest UC
Burn Your Textbooks
Fuck Prop 8
Sexual Consent
Sex in Three Parts
Fertility Cycles
Unisex Restrooms
Local Media
Student Organizations
DIY Santa Cruz
Recommendations
Dedication & Special Thanks
Know Your Rights

1)isorientation ffiuibe 2009~ to

3

"There is a time when the operation of
the machine becomes so odious, makes
you so sick at heart, that you can't take
part; you can't even passively take part,
and you've got to put your oodies upon
the gears and upon tbe wheels, upon
the !evers, upon all !he apparatus, and
you ve got to make 1t stop. And you've
got to indicate to the people wlio run
1t, to the people who own it, that unless
you 're free, the machine will be prevented from working at all!"

Mario Savio, 1964, on the steps of
Sproivl Hall during the Free Speech
Movenient, before students went in to
~tagetl~elargest sit-in and ,nass arrest
1ntlie lustory of ca111pus
actwisnt.[YouTube it!]
You have probably heard Mario
Savio's quote on the machine before.
The halhnark 1no1nentof the Free Speech
to go. This story-about the origins of the University of
Mov~ment a~ UC Berk:eJeywas an inst~tunentalspark in
California- goes beyond the frequently cited 1narkof the
a chain react!O!lof pohtical unrest that ignited a wave of
Free Speech Moven1ent on a
can1pus activ1sn1
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.
.
radical history ti1ne line, into
across the country. "Th e f ortune~ o.f th e Umversity
of Calif orma ,were tied
a dark beginning built of conSavio and other
quest and less than ideal agenBerkeley students f~om the _be&1nrnngto those of San Francisco s finandas of the rulino elite.
had just returned cial dist11ct.
Grey Brechen, from Imoerial San Francisco
The Free s'pe~h Movefro1n a sum1ner
ment
was an eruption of ca1nspent working for
.
pus activis1n, btult on organiC!vi~rights in Miszation t~at today _In?re than ever needs to be studied and
s1Ss1pp1,
an? ~rought to campus.th~ir eXJ)<?rience
in grass~ynth_esIZed.Yet 1t ts also the crux of Berkeley's radical
roots orga~1z1ngand acts of c1v1ld1sobea1encealono-side
identity, an earthquake that shook the established order for
those fighting to abolish segregation, including Blacl<.stua mo1nent,but faded away and left intact 1nuchof the undents battling for the equar right to enroll in universities
derlying truth of the true nature of the University of Caliwhose doors only ad1nittedwlute students.
fornia.
Upon returning to school in the fall these Berkeley students wanted to bring the 1nove1nentho1ne, onto a
can1pusthat would soon beco1neknown as a hot spot for
The Firm
radical thinking and liberal ideals.
But they were told they --r
-- rT""-- ...
What preceded Mario Savio's elegy on the machine
couldn't do that. Berkeley, which
was_an a.naly~isof the inner-workingsof the University of
had been a conservative, elitist
9thfon11a. Hts short speech came after atte,npted neootiaU!liversity from . ~he beginning,
t101~.between ~tt!dentsde1nandin~the right for on-ca1npus
did not allow poht1cal activity on
pohtlcal orga1_11Z1ng
and fonner nerkeley Chancellor and
campus. In turn, students fot1ght .1
then-UC_Pres_1qentClark Kerr, ~ho also brought his own
for free SReech,birthing the Free :
p_rogress1ve
v1s1onsfor the evolv1ni role of the-University
Speech Move1nent, which could
The talks ended in a stalemate ano an aQology fron1Ker;
c[ear the way for anti-war protests _
because he ,coul? persuade the Board of Regents to accept
and struggles for civil rightsthe students WISlies. Before cursing the 1nachine Savio
both nationally and at the universurmised the situation:
'
sity-including advocacy for new
pro~1ns like African A1nerican
and omen's Studies. In years to
~
"We have an autocracy which runs this university.It's manfoll?W, a wave of.radical upheaval r-'::!~
aged. We asked th~ followin°: if President Kerr actually
against th«?growing war 111Viettf_ledto get so1neth1ng1nore fiberal out of the Regents in
nam and 111support of the Civil
~1stelepnone conversation, why didn't he n1akeso1nepubRights Move1nent ,vas ignited
.
.
he statement to that effect? And the answer we receivedon universities across the coun- uiario savio at sproul hall [ron1a well-mean4ig liJ?eral-was the following: He said,
try, and througho.utthe world, as
Would you eve~ 11113:gtne
the.~1anager.of a finn 1naking
s~udentsfro1n.Chile to France stood up against a troubled
a sta!7ment,publicly 111oppos1tion to !us board of. directi1ne, de1nand1ngso1nething better.
t0!'5~ Thats the ~nswer! Now, I ask you to consider: if
.
Th.eses~ries can be found in history books, inagatl~i~IS a fir1n, ~nd tf ~heBoard (?fReg~nts are the board of
~1nes, onhne articles, and Wikipedia. And with any story,
quectors, and tf Pr~tdent Kerr 111
fact 1sthe 1nanager,then
1t goes as deeply down the rabbit hole as you are willing
I 11tell you so1netl1111g:
the faculty are a bunch of etnploy-

4

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

ees, an we re t e raw n1ateria . ut we re a unc o raw
material[s] that don't mean to have any process upon us,
don't tnean to be n1adeinto any product, don't inean to end
up being bought by some clients of the University, be they
tlie iovemtnent, be they industty, be they organized labor,
be tney anyone! We're l1u1nanbeings!"
What followed were events that contributed to
1nakingthis time so 1nonu1nental.Clark Kerr supported the
students' endeavors and the right to or!!anize on ca1npus
was eventually won. After the upheavaf. he handed in his
resignation to the Board of Regents, only for it to be rejected and the Board insisting that he continue serving as the
University's top administrator. That chang_edsoon after,
when Ronald Reagan beca1neGovernor of California after
running on a platform that promised Californians the instillation of order, including plans to reign in the rebellious
spirit that swept through California universities (this was
after protestors at UC Santa Barbara burned down a nearby
Bank of A1nericafor financial ties to the Vietna1nWar,riots
in cities and on ca1npus,and other moments in the saga of
the 1960 ~). Clark Kerr's legacy of UC Presidentca1ne to a
sudden end when he was fired by Reagan.
But even before Savio Ieft his 1nark on the steps
of Sproul Hall at Berkeley, Kerr had began noticing inherent problems with the layout of the University-a Iarge
researcl1institution designed for production and econo1n1c
stimulation. He envisioned another kind of university, one
that favored a sense of con1munityand personal growth, an
education that benefited society not only in an econo1nic
and business n1anner, but also by creating good citizens. So
in the early 60's, Kerr tea1nedwith his fonner roon11nateat
Stanford University, Dean McHenry, and envisioned a new
university that would be a grand experi1nent. Soon, this
vision would become the University of California, Santa
Cruz.
Then where did Berkeley and the University of
California con1e from? When did it begin? What's all this
about "the machine?"

A Blueprint of the Machine: An Imperial
University Built of Gold
"The external view is that the university is radical; tile internal reality is that it is conservative. The internal illusion
is that it is a law unto itself; the external reality is that it is
governed by history."
Clark Kerr, UC President, 1963
It all started in the wake of the California Gold
Rush. The Wild West was a frontier considered wide open
for pioneers and entrepreneurs to stake their clai111
and settle aown. For 1nanyit was a chance to have a better life,
where (European) i1n1niorantscould escape famine and
religious persecution, an3 people in the eastern US could
heaa to in the chase for theA1nericanDrea1n.For a few, the
West, and especially California, was a growing market to
be tapped into, a place where 1nencoukfbecome rich.
At tile tin1e, a do1ninating1nentalityof An1erica's
expansionist culture was the idea of Manifest Destiny-a
notion that Anglo-Saxons were a supre1nerace, and liad a
mission to spread A1nericande1nocracyfro111
"sea to shining sea. " Manifest Destiny thouiht nature to be inferior to
1nan, a wild land to be conquereo and utilized, and allowed
mindset that rationalized the conquest of Native land and
subjugation of its people [see article on Ohlone, pg 10]. In

a sense, it was an extension of both the Spanish Missions
and European colonialis1n.
It was from this landscape that tile University of
California would soon be borne. As UC Berkeley's historical website Builders of Berkeley describes, along with
those co1nin_gout west to seek fortunes, "ca1ne preachers and teacners with lofty ideals and Eastern scliooling.
A1nong this latter oroup was Henry Durant, a Congregational 1ninisterand'Yale,_8raduate, who left Ne\v England
in 1853 and headed for 1....-alifornia
, saying he had "college
011tl1ebrai11
.''
"Durant opened his College of California with only
three pupils, but lieand his tnistees soon acquired 160 acres
of land for a campllS." Soon, upon reco1n1nendationby San
Francisco lawyer and mining tycoon Frederick Billings,
they would naine the site of the new college Berkeley, after
the philosopher and poet George Berkeley, author of Verses on the prospect of planting arts and learning in Atnerica.
The namesake was fitting at the time, following Berkeley's
influence for ideals that would beco1neManifest Destiny.
As the final stanza of his versus read:
Westward the course of empire takes its way;
The first four acts already past.
A fifth shall close the drama with the day.
Ti1ne's noblest offspring is its last.
While the College of California had a noble 1nission for fortifyingAmenca's Westward conquest, they had
little money to fund it. So, in 1868 they donated the land to
the State of California, and the college beca1nethe University of C:;ilifornia.Henry Durant beca1nethe University's
first president.
As the Builders of Berkeley story continues, "A
number of California pioneers, especially those who had
made fortunes in the gold fields, believed that an investn1ent in the University would have a potent effect on the
developinent of the West." And such tlie plot thickens.
No one has bettered docuinented the origins of the University of California than Grey Brechen, author of Imperial
San Francisco. In the ch<1.pter
titled "The UniversitY.
, the
Gate, and 'the Gadget," Brechen tells in thick detail this
story of the University's post-Gold Rush beginninos. 'The
fortunes of the University of California were tied fi·o1nthe
beginning to those of San Francisco's financial district."
According to Brechen, the College of California was
founded in Oakland to educate the sons of San Francisco's
business class. It was built to teach them to be the next
leaders and rulers of the West-bankers , railroad moguls,
inining con1panyexecutives-and to have a college wbere
these 1nencould further their industries.
The Morrill Act of 1862 created the land-grant prooram, which gave federal lands to the states to oe used to
found iiistitutions to teach the mechanical and agricultural
arts. The graduates of these land-grant colleges would be
scientifically trained and_push inalistry forward, in turn
contributing to society. What was gooa for blisiness was
go~ for _society. [_Pat~
of the la11dgrant progra1nrequired
un1vers1t1esto ma1nta1na standing Anny that could serve
in the event that the United States went to war. That's right,
Berkeley_had a standing anny.]
When the Trtistees continued facing financialproble1nsand oranted the land to California, Governor Henry
Haight (of the legendary Haight Street) signed legislation
to make the college the University of California. It was not
long after the inception that the third UC President, Yale
graouate and geographer Daniel Coit Gilhnan proudlr,
stated that "Now comes the turn of this new empire State. '
It was a 1nilestone for California's moouls and tycoons,
and in tiine, as Brechen writes, "so woufelSan Francisco's

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

5

capitalists increasingly rely ~1ponthe
acade1ny at Berkeley to provide managers and engineers for their Pacific
e1nporiun1.
" [see sidebar]

UC: Uf>heaval and Conquest
As the development of the UC
continued, so did the discontents. The
Free Speech Move1nent was really
about 1nuch1norethan a desire for political activity. It was fueled by a broad
collection of deep feelings of concern
and disgust over how the nation and
the university both were being run. As
.
.
a n1ajorpillar inA!~erican Im~ri alism,.the U111_vers
1tywas
one place to n1ob1hzeoppos1t1011
. BC?1t the V1eti~amWar
and the ensuing draft, racist segrept!on law~. or in-house
policies, like tlie early sta 0 es of tile 1ncreas_111gcost of an
education they saw the ut to have a hand 1111t.The University was, and still is, an integral pa1t of the 1nachine's

imperial i:>9licyof repression at home, conquest abroad.
In 1960 the Master Plan for Higher Education was
created-an addition to the California Constitution that
said every people in California who wants an1 edu~ation
can have an education, regardless of econo1n1cab1hty. If
son1eonequalified for the University, they could go to the

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: Sidebar: A Pillar Upholding E!Dpire: To• ward the Golden Age of America


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After becoming finnly ce1nented in the new Califonria
society and it's 1na1riage of business and goverrunent , the UC
beca1ne a funda1nental pillar in the foundation of the A1nerican West. The Unive1sity was_dub1;>edthe ''Athens of the West,"
and, along side Stanford Un1vers1ty- founded by railroad tycoon turned Governor and co-founder of the Califonria Republican Party Leland Stanford-was the epicenter of prestige west
of the Mississippi. Tlris prestige attracted a lofty bunch of fellows.
One of tha;e new 1nen1bers includes Ben1ard Ma;es,
professor of history and political econo1ny. Ma;es \Vas an ardent spokesperson for the University's mission, described by
Brechen as "existing to train tha;e 1nen to do their duties for the
corporations that were increasingly sub1nerging individualism
for the greater 1naterial good . "Ma;es continued s uch advocacy,
and in the early 1900 's described Iris perception of tlris purpa;e
in the University and the Orient:
'T he 1nodern corporation is like the moden1 1nachine,
wha;e parts can be readily replaced The tnen involved in the
corporation-who constitute these parts-n1ay
come and
go, but the corporation, with undimitrished efficiency in the
performance of its appointed task, goes on forever."
It wasn't long after publishing this that Ma;es would
becon1e the founder of Berkeley's Political Science Departn1ent. The saga continues.
As the university expanded, so did the duty it held toward society. During World War I, the state gave Chemistry
Professor Gilbett Lewis a state -of-the-art chetnistry building
to ha;t the pursuit of weapons research. But any achieve1nents
Lewis made were soon eclipsed by the arrival of Ernest Orlando
Lawrence, the young physicist who would later team with Dr.
Robe1t Oppenheimerboth UC-employed scientists-to explore the nuclear frontier. With their_cutt!ng edge ~cien_ceand
intelligence, they would land the U111vers1tyof Cahfonua with
the contract to build the Ato111icBo1nb under the auspices of
the Manhattan Project at La; Alaina; National Laboratory in
New Mexico. [The UC still holds the govenllllent contract to
1nanage the nation's two leading nuclear laboratories, La; Ala1na; and Lawrence Livermore National Labs, see Academia &

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Empire, pg 45]. Lawrence designed and refined the cyclotron, •
which uses centrifugal force to separate uraniu1n ore out of raw:
uranium-rich earth.

With Lawrence's cutting-edge creation and Oppen- •
heitner s tenacity to tum enriched uraniun1 into the 1110,tpower- •
ful, and destn1ctive, weapon ever made , the U1riversity became :
a key part in the Military-Acade1nic-Industrial Co1nplex. The •
boinbs dropped on Nagasaki and Hira;hi1na were conceived, •
designed, and created by tha;e working for the University of:
Califoriria.

And so continued the 1nission of the University of •
California. As for tha;e that sat atop the UC hierarchy: Tl1e •
Regents were intended to be a supervisi ng body that re1nained •
autonomou.s from political persuasions. They were appointed to:
lengthy tenns by the governor , intended to be cha;en for their •
keen bu~iness sense and common visions societys advance- •
1nent. Mind you, this was in a titne do1ninated by the blatantly •
capitali~t belief that what was good for business was good for all :
of society. These days, so1ne would argue notlring has changed, •
but at least this notion 1nust be covered by a tlrick coat of banter •
about the quest for knowledge.

Fro111the beginning , the c_o;11ception
t~at Higher Edu- :
cation must be protected fro1n poht1cs to provide cover for an •
unfettered quest for knowledge and reason has been wrapped in •
hypocrisy. Tlris situation was well articulated by th~ late~ lllves- •
tioative journalist and other of The Jungle, Upton S1nclarr.After •
to"uring state-su pporte d and private u1riversities throughout the :
U.S. for Iris book The Goa;e Step: A Study of American Edu- •
cation, Sinclair observed that the UC "was n111by a gover ning •
board that merely claimed to be independent of political control. :
Instead, status-laden seats on the Board of Regents had always •
served as political rewards , pennitting the state's financial and •
1nanufacturing elites , and especially 'the Republican political •
machine which n1115the govemn1ent and is nm by the finance •
of the state,' to detem1ine what would and would not be taught :
(fron1 Brechen)."

Tirink about it, with any large institution in society, the •
interests of the rich and powerful are at stake. TI1e UC held it's •
own attraction, and fron1 the begiru1ing was ruled by tha;e who:
subjected the University to powerful persuasio1l'i that suited the •
interests of the elite. As you will see in Fuck the Regents pg. 48, •
current men1bers of the Board of Regents are deeply involved •
in the real estate business and the financial crisis, the military- :
industrial complex, and other fonm of big busines s.




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University.It was one of (..1arkKerr's crown achievement
reached early on during his time as UC President. For a
sho1t time, education at the UC was paid for by the state,
and free of charoe for the students. It was public education in the truest ionn. But that wouldn't last long. Shortly
before the Free Speech Moven1ent, the Regents voted to
charge registration and education fees. Under the guise of
the 1v1asterPlan, tuition is covered by the state. But the UC
found other ways to charge students, categorizing the1nas
fees and not tuition. Since then, fees have been steady increasing. In tlle last seven years, the price of a UC diplo1na
has doubled, just recently surpassing $7,000 a year [see
Budget article po 25].
In the I 9'60s, student began asking for pro 0 rams
and depart1nentstnore hospitable to their eaucationa1pursuits and political senti1nents.At Berkeley, students won
an Ethnic Studies Depart1nent, which beca1nean interdisciplinary 1najorthat was not limited to traditional constraints
seen with other Social Sciences. For decades, students at
UC Santa Cruz have been advocating for a si1nilardepartment, with no success [See Ethnic Studies page 24]. Co1nmunity Studies at UCSC, which was created 111the 1960 s
as a cutting-edie and unique major that allowed students to
pair theory ano practice and apply their education to social
change, has seen the department staff dissolved (canned)
and tne progratn has been slipped into the Sociolo_gyDepartinent [see Budget Cuts page 25]. The UCSC AaminJStrationattempted to shut cfownthe Atnerican Indian Resource Center, Engaging Education, and a host of other
progran1s created to support students of color and those
fro1n underserved co111munities
who struggle with Higher
Education becatJSeof an unjust disti·ibutionof resources.
Such progratns were what Clark Kerr envisioned
in his idea of the "111
ultiversity," a place that was not li1nited to a homogenous mentality or large-scale production.
Instead, the 1nultiversitywoula be hospitable to all ty~
of interests, styles of learning, and kinds of con1munity.It
would host "the community of the undergraduate ancfthe
con11nunityof the graduate; the co1n1nunity of the hu1nanist, the com1nunityof the social scientist, and the co111munity of the scientJSt;the co1nmunities of the professional
schools; tlle co1nmunityof all the nonacade1nicpel'Sonnel;
the con11nunityof tlle administrators."
That was the dream that birthed UC Santa Cruz.
The progra1nswere won by students and faculty in battle,

and Kerr's foiward thinkin_geventuall_y~othitn fired. Now
\Vesee a dreatn threateneo. [see the Uc Corporate Hustle
pg. 30]. The retreating tide of Kerr's dream of the tnultiversity, of liberalizing the institution to nurture _growth
of a bastion of free thought that and exploration tnat can
find 1nultipleways to adoress society's biggest questions,
and biggest problems, is on its way to becon1ingshattered
shards of hopes and drea1ns.The erosion of humanities, interdisciplinaryprogra1ns.and various student services sugs_estthese drea1nsn1ightbe washing away, as the Research
hStablishment holds its ground. And, in this day and age,
the Research Establish1nentcomes part and parcel with
new collaborative enterprises like private-public partnerships and private research contracts, both which signal a
growino dependence on private funding.
~me would argue that it has always been this way,
that the University is beholden to the power elite of society. That is true. But at least since tlie 60's there have
been worthy attempts for reform (divestinents, new 111ajo1-s, stopping student fee hikes, student services) and the
mobilization of visions and move1nentsto funda1nentally
change the landscape of the University of California (UC
Nuclear Free, divest1nentand research challenges, opposition to un-checked expansion at UCSC, Berkeley, Santa
Barbara, and other ca1npuses.)
As a 1nicrocosn1of the larger society and its pro1nising 111ovements
and devastating proble1nsalike, the UC as
it JSen1ergingshares a striking rese1nblancewith the way
that the real potential for chanie once thought possible in
the 60's shattered and recedeo back toward a sorry state
for the hardly-existing anti-war 1novement, atten1ptsto resist racist paradign1s,and all other assaults on the machine.
The "good liberal" that Savio saw in Clark Kerr represents
what was once a young, pioneering 111ove1nent
for change
and has since become a satiated 1n1ddle-classthat has lost
its edge. The dream of liberalism requires serious questions, and that could very well be the tide that is receding.
Mario Savio and scores of students sparked a tnovement that shook the country and paved the way for us to
follow in their tracks. But t11eyare now etched in history,
along with the spirit and strategies of the 1960 s.We are 111
a new era now, many of us welcon1edto any political sentiments by the Busti Ad1ninistration, paired \Vitha matrix
of global crisis that have us scran1blingin 111any
directions
ano bickering amongst ourselves over which direction is
the right one.
This era is ou1-sto define. No longer can \Ve ride
on the backs of our predecessors; now we must defend the
1narks and relics left by then1. No longer is the University of California some so1t of
Utopia on Earth. Sorry for the
shock. But you're here now,
and God knows, it's titne to
fight.

How does the machine rule
your !ife?
Is it a force you can just sit
by and watch?
Or 1nightit once again be
time for students in mass to
stand up and make it stop?

So, from those of us at the DisOrientation Guide:
Welcome, my friends, welcome to the Machine.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

7

First the land of the Ohlone, then Spanish,
then Mexican, then an independentCalifornia
Republic,andfinally,part of the UnitedStates,
vvhat we call Santa Cru: has been honie to
comn1unities~vhosestories and struggles are
rarely recorded, nnu:h less ackno~vledgedin
popular culture.Elen1enta1yschool taught niany of us about gritty, hard;vorkingsettlers and gold n1iners,vho pushed westwardand eventually
forged the state of California.Hereyou willfind another sto1y, a sto,y of
those who ~verent white, werent coloni: ers, but lived in the saniearea we
now call Santa Cru:. Partly, we hope to shed light on the racist unde1pin- _
nings of An1ericas histo,y, refiectedon national and local scales. While
many ofus areson1ewhatfan1iliar
with the histo,y ofracisni in the nation- ,-al context,here we offer a very condensedaccountof local histo,y. While i
this articlefocuses la1·gely on the period after Santa Cru: wasfounded, a 'j .\ 1 111: 1~: :
nioredetailedhisto,y of the Ohlonepeople and coloni: ationfollows.
- ~ ~rts!

Local

Histories

p

everal ilntnigrant communities have Jived and suffered under
various degrees of racis1n and xenophobia since before Santa
Cn1z was founded in 1866. Among the most i1nportant in early
Santa Cntz life was the Chinese population. Chinese i1nmigrants
built the California rail system (a1nong others) and were an established, if n1thlessly 1narginalized, part of Santa Cn1z since its
begiru1ings.There were three big waves of anti-Chinese sentiment in Santa Cn1z, - the first in the late 1870 s, the second in
1882, and the third begiruling in 1885. TI1e Santa Cn1z Sentinel
played a pro1ninent role in these efforts as well, particularly its
publisher, Douglas McPherson (ancestor of long-ti1nelocal politician and fonuer Califonlia Secretary of State B111ceMcPherson),
who, in an 1879 Sentinel editorial referred to Chinese laborers as
'half-htunan, half-devil, rat-eating, rag-wearing, Jaw-ignoring,
Christian civilization-hating, opium-s1noking, labor-degrading,
entrail-sucking Celestials." Even though there was such a hateful
envirorunent, four Cllinatowns existed in Santa Cruz - the first as
early as 1859 and the last remaining until 1955. The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, local anti-Chinese sentirnent (a county vote
in 1879 showed 2450 to 4 against the Chinese), Jaws targeting the
Chinese (anti-opiu111Jaws, and an anti-canying-baskets-with-poles
Jaw), and fires in 1897 and 1894 Jed to the dissolution of the local
Chinatow1l'l.TI1efinal few residents of the Front Street Chinatown
were forced to leave by the 1955 flood and the subsequent redevelopment efforts, which brought the Long's Drugstore and adjacent
movie theater. (Today, the Mtisetun of Alt and History is hotised at
the McPherson Center, a pron1inent building in downtown Santa
Cruz.)

S

-~1,
;i

Jin!

been the more visible con1n1unitieswhich have bon1 the bn1nt of
this 1nindless prejudice." Even while white Santa Cruzans were
lynching Native A1nerica1l'land trying to push the Chinese out of
town, in 1860 Louden Nelson, an ex-slave, left his entire estate to
the children of Santa Cruz. A decade later, perhaps in response
to this generosity, the tnistees of the school board allowed three
African-Alnerican students access to public schools, ignoring a
Jaw prohibiting the public education of ''African, Oriental, and Indian" students. In 1880 , Joseph S111allwood
Francis graduated with
honors fro1n Santa Cn1z High School - the first AfricanA1nerican
to graduate fro1n a "regular" public high school in the state. At
the tum of the century, as Santa Cruz County's black population
started shifting fro1nWatsonville to Santa Cruz, anti-lynching c111sader Ida B. Wells and her sister A1u1a(who also graduated from
Santa Cn1z High) settled in town.

W

ith the 1914 01l'letofWorld War I and the 1916 release of the
Ku Klux Klan-promoting film Birth of a Nation (which sold
out at local theaters), treatment of local AfricanAlue1ica1l'ls hifted
abn1ptly. Reader describes a suddenly hostile climate: "Bigotry
beca1ne a policy in 1nany qua1ters as blacks were banned or discritninated agairnt at local hotels, road houses, and inns... Finding
hotising and jobs became an in1possibletask, so 1nanyNegro fatnilies left in anger and discouragement."

et all tllis changed again after World War II, which saw a
fresh influx of black residents to the Westside in the area now
called ''the circles." After an all-black Anny u11itwas stationed at
Lighthotise Point, integration of Santa Cn1z could not be undone.
ollowing the Chinese ExchisionAct of 1882, increasing 11
u1n- Though many wllite residents disliked the changes, they could do
bers of Japanese and then Filipinos began to n1ove into Santa little to stop it. Businesses, for exa1nple, were threatened with a
Cn1z Cotmty. By 1900 there were almost 1,000 Japanese Jiving in boycott when city leaders tried to 111akecertain areas off-limits
from the u1lit1noved their fa1nilies
the Monterey Bay area. With the bon1bingof Pearl Harbor in 1941, to the 11ewcon1ers.Many 111e11
Japanese-Americans all over the West Coast were re1noved,71 % to Santa Cruz, stilnulating the growth of a new African A111erica11
of whom wereAn1erican citize1l'l.They were sent to a ca111p
inAli- co1nmu11ityand establislling the Missionary Baptist Church. In
zona called Poston, the laigest of the camps with 17,000 Japanese- 1949 , the Santa C111zchapter of the NAACP was established TI1e
NAACP 's ca1npaigns included efforts for fair-hotising laws, lowAmerican internees.
income housing projects, and local electoral politics.
n 1945 , after years in the ca111ps,J apanese-A1nericanswere fiew waves of irnmigrants continued to co111e,
1nost notably Lanally allowed to return home. Many had lost their land and proptino families over the past few decades. Xenophobia and racerty during the war. During this period, Gennan and Italian Santa
Cruzans were also affected, although not nearly to the sa111edegree is111is still present in Santa Cruz, even if the Sentinel 1naynot lJSe
as local Japanese. Santa Cn12's Genoese-Italian fislling conunu- as direct language as its old publisher Douglas McPherson once
1lity(including the Stagnaro fan1ily)were forced to Jive inland on did When UCSC opened its doors in 1%5, a fresh challenge to
what is now Mission Street and prevented from tising their fishing centuries-old wllite supre111acyand patriarchy was launched, but
boats, due to a bizarre fear that they would somehow collude with efforts to n1ake Santa Cruz a more jlJSt place have always been
the enen1y. While these commu1litieswere fighting for their right present - fro111the Ohlone resistance to the Mission, to Cllinese,
to continue Jiving and working in Santa C111z
, the Sentinel contin- Japanese, Italian, and African Atnerican efforts to oiganize their
for su1vival, and 1nuch111o
re.
ued to sing its xenophobic tune: ''The U1lited States can take no co1n1nt111ities
chances by trying to pick for exchision only those aliens who are
This i11.for1natio11.
lvas all borrowedfront Josh So1u1e11.fel£l's
known ene1nies.All aliens originating from countries with which
thesis: 'An Inco111pl
ete History of Activis11t at the
we are at war [should] be baru1edfrom the defined areas."
University of California-Santa Cruz' Fe1ni11.i
st Studies 2007
heAfricanA1ne1ican con11nu11ity
of Santa Cruz did not beco111e
particularly prominent until the post-World War II period Historian Pllil Reader notes, "Racistn has always been a basic co1npo11entin the socio-eco1101nicmakeup of tllis commu1lity, but it has

Y

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8

Disorientation Guide.w ordpress. con1

Santa Cruz City Map

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1)isorientation ffiuibe 2009~ to

.

9

An Incomplete Ohlone History
More than 10,000 Native Americans once lived in the coastal
region stretching fro1n Point Sur to the Monterey Bay. In fact ,
before the advance of Spanish colonists, Central California had
the most populated co1nmu11ityof indigenou.~ peoples anywhere
north of Mexico. TI1e Spaniards who catne in search of 'savages' to
'civilize,' as well as labor and resources to exploit, an·ived ( literally)
nlillennia after the original inhabitants of the area: the Costanoan, or,
Ohl one People. Ohl one is a Miwok Indian word 1nea1ling''westen1
people ," and both Ohlone and Ca,tanoan refer to a grouping of
smaller tribes in Central Calif onlia who shared as ilnilar language.
Alnong the 10,000 Ohlone , there were about forty different groups ,
all with their own distinct culture. The Hordean Ohlone of what
is known conten1porarily as Santa Cn1z, or "Holy Cross, " is but
one. These groups inhabited different territory, had vazying social
practices and customs, as well as largely u11iquelanguages. Still , it
is possible to speak
generally about the
Ohlones
because
Indigenous Land
the groups held
Within United States,
much in co1111non.
The
Ohlone
1492-1977
attitude toward their
enviro111nent was
characte1ized
by
respect. Their direct
and
tuunediated
relationsllip
with
their bioregion (and
more generally , the
earth) was perha1~
the fore1na,t aspect
of Ohlone life that
fa,tered respect for
the natural world
Whlle
they too
alteredthelandscape
somewhat,
their
dainaging ilnpact on
other wildlife was
mini1nal. .. certainly
incomparable to the
wreckage caused by
indmtral capitalism.
Whether
fishing
for
sahnon
and
sturgeon,
gathering seeds or
bro1ne grass, or
•·• ~ ,!.• •.
• \ • ,.
• •

collecting
clams

and oysters, basic
daily
sustenance
of the Ohlone was
achieved
through
the
direct
me
of their
bodies
. .
interacting
with
• •
•••
the
enviro1unent.
Evezy living and
• •

non-living
thing
• •

was
considered
1977
sacred
The earth
was not seen as a

.

· :~

10

-

simple n1as of objects or resources to be exploited, but rather as a
vast at1d int1icate network which demanded respect and awe. 11lis
sy1nbiotic interaction between htunan and other ani1nal populations
with plant life and each other, in tanden1 with the intilnacy of the
social relatio1l'lllips in the groups, begin to explain the hannony
said to have been found in 1nuch of Ohlone life before invasion
To further understand the deep bonds witllin Ohlone society,
it is hnportant to recog1lize that each tiibe comtituted between
roughly two or three hundred people. There was virtually no
leaving such a situation unless one was cast out completely. Such
a,tracization did occur, but it was vezy rare and reseived only for
the greedy or aggressive. Margolin, author of The Oh.loneWay,
writes of greed: "Acquisition was not an Ohlone's idea of wealth
or security." After a hunt, for exa1nple, the hunter would not
prepare meat for lli1nself, but would rather distribute the bounty
to fatnily and friends first. For this , the hunter would receive
ad1niration and respect, as well as a kind of insurance that they
would be treated with similar tnl'lt and benevolence. This is what
would be recognized today as a "gift economy," a 1nethod for the
distribution of goods without bureaucracy, through a network of
friends and fatnily. Tllis world of collective security and mutal aid
was unheard of to Europeatl'l who felt that a strong (i.e. oppressive)
govenunent was the con1erstone of society.

The Mission Period (1697 - 1834)
Upon the arrival of the somber gray-robed missionaries,
the first respotl'le of the Ohlone can best be described as fright
and awe. The stability that existed
an1ong the Ohlone for centuries
was suddenly shocked into a new
reality. A 1nen1ber of the Portola
expedition wrote of the Ohlone
reaction to the Franciscan Monks:
''Without knowing what they
did, sotne ran for their weapons ,
then shouted and yelled , and the
wo111enburst into tears." But this
was to be only a n1inor hysteria
cotnpared to what was to befall the
Ohlone in coining years. When the
Missionaries appeared to intend no
hann, the Ohlone treated the newcomers quite wannly," beating gifts
of fish seed cakes, roots , and deer or
antelope 111eat."
At first so1ne people can1e
voluntarily to the 1nissiom , entranced by the novelty of the
missionaries' dress, their magic and metallurgy , their see1ning
benevolence. Others were captured through force. The tnission
project was created with the stipulation that the Natives would
only be held captive and forced into cultural "assilnilation" catnps
for a period often years, afterwhlch they would be ''weaned away
fro1n their life of nakedness, lewdness and idolatzy." Ten years of
captivity and torture were just the beginning for the Ohlone. Their
language was crilninalized, they were forced to pray like whlte
people, dress like white people, eat like whlte people , to raise
cattle, abandon traditional native crafts , far111etc.
In the Missions , Ohlones were baptized without knowledge of
the itnplicatiom of the ritual. The Spatlish believed they had title
over the Ohlones, could hold them without consent , and deprive
the111of any vestige of freedotn or their previous culture. TI1e
Spanish postulated by to1ture and i1nprison111entthese 'heathem '
would be transfonned from "bestias"(beasts) to "gente de razon "
(people of reason). If they atte1npted escape, soldiers were

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

deployed to recapture them. Routine escapees were ''whipped,
bastinadoed, and shackled, not only to punish them but to provide
an exatnple to the others."

ResistanceAgainstthe Mission
So111eOhlones acknowledged that the only way they could
preserve their way of life was through the employ1nentof political
violence, also more favorably known as self-defeme. Certainly
(111uchlike today) law had little to offer the Ohlone, other than to
reinforce their servility to the theocracy of the Mission system. As
such, along with the consistent escapes from the Missions, other
1nore insurrectionary actions were taken by the Ohlone. As an
Ohlone author put it on IndianCanyon.oig:
"They resisted in 111any
ways. The restrictio11s
that the Padres
see111ed
to think were desirablefor their neophytes, willing or
otherwise. Sant.aCruz Mission was attacked
by so111£i11dige11ousresist,ance fighters
lvho were pzo·suing t/,eir rights to life a11d
liberty."
Phil Laverty wrote of the attack on Mission
Santa Cruz:
"On t/,e 1dght of Dece11Lber14 1 1793 ,
Mission Santa Cruz was att,acked a11d
partially bur1,edby 11L
e111he
rs of t/,e Quiroste
tribe, an Ohlo1,ea11
group [just twe11tynliles
north of niodern-daySa11taCruz]. Based on
all available infonllation, this occurrence
appears to be thefirst and perhaps t/,e 01dy
direct attack on a 1nission.building in Central
California dzo·ingt/,e Spanish era. Nearly
two years of aruzed resistance 011t/,e part
of 11ze11wers
of tlze Quiroste [Oldone] tribe
preceded t/,e attack, which was probably t/,e
first extended resistanceagainst t/,e Spanish
iii t/,e entire San Francisco Bay ATea."

sheep. TI1is was their only option, as the elk and antelope had
altna;t entirely disappeared. These bands of "outlaws" were
themselves hunted and killed. At Mission Dolores in 1850, an old
tnan speaks about his people:

"I a111
ve,y sad; 1nypeople were once aro1otd111£
like tl1esands
oft/,e shore- 1nany,1na11:y
. Tlzeyhave gone to the 111.ountai11sI
do 1wt co111plain:
the a11telopefalls with t/,e arrow. 1 had a
son.-I loved lti111
.. Wlzent/,e pale-faces cau,e /,e went away; I
krwlv,wt wlzerehe is. I aut a C/u·istianIndian; I 0111
all tl1atis
left of 111ypeople. I 0111.
alo11e."
With Califonua's incorporation into the U.S. in 1846 and the
coining of Anglo settlers, extennination beca111e1nore overt and
publicly acceptable. Indian killing was a favorite pastime, and
one suooidized by the U.S. Goven1111ent.The 1850 Act for the
Government and Protection of Indians led
to loa;er protections for Native cluldren
· already heavily exploited as yotmg slaves
and servants. This act also ensured that
Indigenous People's were withheld status
as legal persom, although the Treaty of
· Guadalupe Hidalgo already a;tensibly
secured
Indigenous
Californian's
citizemhip. With the Land Claims Act
of 1851, 1na;t remai11ingIndigenous land
· was expropriated for the coining white
settlers. Racism and hatred of Califonua
Indiam led to the itnpossibility of their
receiving fair trial, as vittually any white
man would lie for another. The new
inhabitants of Califonua tnade their
desire clear in this article fro1nthe Yreka
Herald in 1853:

''We hope that the Govern111e11t
lvill
re,tder such aid as will enable t/,e
citizens of t/,e north to carry on a
war of exter111.ination
until tl1e last
redskin of tlzese tribes has been killed.
Exter111.ination
is 110longer a question
of ti111£
- tlte tiJtzehas arrived, tlzeivork
has co11u11e1,ced
, a1td let t/,e first uza,i
that says treaty or peace be regarded
as a traitor." (Yreka Herald, 1853)

Ohlone resistance was on toos1nall a scale
however, to 111akethe critical difference. The
only significant threat in the area, the Quira.te,
were defeated by sheer force in nun1bersand a
superior 1nilitaryapparatus. Another large blow
to the health and morale of the Ohlone, were
diseases such as influenza, smallpox, syphilis,
measles and 1nt11nµs.These often were intentionally spread by
Europeans, and were tnuch tnore devastating to the Ohlone due to
Between 1850 and 1870, indigenous Californians experienced
the lack of i1n1nunityto such diseases. Death rates at the missiom perhaps the 111a;tbloody and tnurderorn times in their history,
soared, while birth rates phunmeted This was partially a result of with squatters and suppa;ed ' pioneers' tracking and assaulting any
the isolation of women and men into separate facilities (prisons) Native who could be found. In California,the population of200,000
which were intended to enforce strict chastity regulations. In ju.st - 300,000 Califonua Natives in 1848, was reduced to 15,238 by
so111esixty years, the tnissionary project left the Ohlone peoples 1890.As for the Ohlone, all 40 tribes and alma;t all 10,000 people
alma;t completely decitnated Native arts like basket 111aking are gone. The last full-blooded Ohlone died recently.
were all but entirely foigotte11 Native dialects beca1ne tnixed
and 111uddled,
or were deserted entirely, forcibly replaced with the The Modem Era
dotninant language of the Spaniards. TI1egift and barter eco1101ny
Yet, despite the centuries of tonnent and subjugation, the
that existed for centuries at least, along with the intricate network Ohlone are not dead One exatnple of a current Ohlone project is
of tribal relatiom and collective responsibilities shared by the the Indian Canyon Ranch, which serves as an Indigenous cultural
Ohlones, had virtually disappeared.
center and home for NativeA111e1icans
of 1nanyt1ibalorigim. Also
hopeful is Quirina Ltma-Ca;tillas, who has studied the Mutsun
Ohlone language extemively, and started a fot111dation
to research
The MexicanEra and Anglo Advance
After California was ceded to Mexico from Spain in the and teach it to others. Sotne have revived the art of traditional
1820s, the struggling Ohlone were ja.tled into a new but equally basket making, storytelling and are writing about various aspects
disastrous position. The Missiom were tun1edover to the Mexican of Ohlone culture and history. These exa1nplesserve as a reminder
state in 1834, and the Ohlone who had survived were now legally of a living culture that has persevered and as a wake-up call to
free, but without 1nuchof the knowledge or resources necessary to tha;e of us who consider the Ohlone to be deceased As we are
make it in the 1nodernworld(ifthis was so111ething
that was desired clearly not the rightful inhabitants of this land (t11J.!.ess
right is
at all). Without a tneans to sustain the1nselves,sotne Indigenous defined by superior 111ightand propensity for brutality) it would
Califonuans becatne servants to the Spatush, while others formed do us well to shed our sense of entitlement to this land where the
wandering bands who suooisted by hunting cattle, horses and Hordean Ohlone once lived

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

11

Free Skool Santa Cruz is another one of the exciting local projects happening in
this town that is aimed at building strong co1nmu1lity,and creating a world that
by Einerald Snow
we enjoy hving in. The basic goal of this project is to create a network for the free exchange
of infonnation and skills, \Vhichis outside of the traditional 111arket
economy and institutional
educational stn1ctures. YOU, 111e
, and everyone make Free Skool happen. Free Skools exist all over the place, with lligh nu1nbers of
the1n in the U.S.and Canada. 111eway it works in Santa Cn1z is that there is a collective of people who get together and look at class
ideas, orga1lizethem onto a big calendar (complete with class tilnes, su1nmaries, and location.~).and then distribute it different areas
in tow11ANY ONE can sub1nit a class idea on whatever they want, and propose to teach it anywhere/anytilne they want. 111ereare 4
quarters in each year of Free Skool SC (Fall, winter, spring, and su1n1ner).All classes are free, although so1ne teachers n1ayrequest a
donation if there are 111aterials
supplied for you. 111e1nea1lingof "free" in the title is not only in reference to monetary ca;t but also to
the concept of liberation through self and co1nn1unityreliance. Here is a short statement fro1nthe Free Skool SC website: "As much
as pa;sible, Free Skool works to blur the line between teachers, students, and orga1lizers.Teachers 111ake
ma;t of the arrangen1entsfor
their classes including subject, 1nate1ial, tilning, and location. Classes are infonnal, egalitarian, and are held in ho111es,
social spaces,
and parks."

· free SkoolSantat~

What kinds of classes take 1J1acetlu·ougb FSSC'?

Class topics are very diverse and tl'iually consist of these categories (with so1ne examples of past classes and subjects included):
• Discu~on

Oriented Cl~es

• "Confronting Patriarchy" (a
wo1nen'sworkshop)
• "Reftl'iing to be the Patriarch" (a
men's workshop)
• Local politics/projects
• Conversation session.~(to practice
foreign language)
• Sports and Activities






"Croquet for the People"
Soccer
Yoga
Bike rides










languages
political theo1y
history (fro1n local to world)
.
nHl'ilC
health/nutrition
literature
women's health/gynaecology
herbology

• Skillshares

• A1·t Classes

• n1a;aic creation
• quilt 1naking
• collage 111aking

There are 111or
e types of classes that are 1wt listed, it is truely very
difficzdtto su1111narize
the class categories because they are so
various and 1111ique
each quarter.
Front n1yown personal experience ...

For me, Free Skool SC has been a way for me to connect
with other people in Santa Cn1zand share n1yinterests. I have
been both a student and a teacher/facilitator of classes through
Free Skool, and the benefits on myself and 1nyco1n1nw1ity
are
numerous. I a1nvery thankful for having the opportu1lityto share
111y
passions with other people who want to learn and discuss, and
Free Skool has defi1litely1nadethis really fun and easy to facilitate. As a student at the university. it is also very nice to get out
of a formal educational environment and interact with all sorts of
people of all different ages in this sn1all beach tow11And 1noot

12

.

• sewing
• world cine1na
• poetiy readings + analysis

• More Acadentic Classes






plant 1nedicine/herbal re1nedies
cooking
food prese1vation
bicycle repair(with workshops
specifically for wo1nenand tra1l'igendered peoples)
• how to 1nake:homebrew, a shelter, a camping stove, kon1bucha,
& rice/nut 1nilks.

hnportantly, for 1neFree Skool has helped 111e
open 1ny111ind
up
to looking at education in a different way, and fonn new thoughts
and opitlio1l'iabout how I want 1ny education to be, and how to
1nakethat happen in the world
TI1ecalendars are distributed at various places on
cainptl'iso if you get your hands on one check it out and there
will probably be at least one interesting class that you can attend
(even with our btl'iy college lives). One location you can pick
one up is in the Kresge Foods Co-op, wllich is on the south side
of Kresge College. Also, if you are interested, I highly encourage
you to facilitate your own class. Re1ne1nberthat without people
like you and I holding classes, this project would disappear...
For n1oreinfonnation and a schedule of classes, check out the
Free Skool Santa Cruz website: http://~tacruz.freeskool.org

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

There's
nothing as a disposable. Students do not consider it their ho1ne. So, I ask
quite like the feel- tl1eque~tion,"Are we carpet-baggers?"
ing that you are
No. As the histo1yof Califonlia 1nakes clear, the scran1ble
for the student escapee
about to be in a to stake you claim, jump on a hot new 1narket, and "1nake it big"
fight. On a cold has long goven1ed the n1igration of laborers and entt·epreneurs.
Santa Cruz night, in the back yard of one of the dozens of college- However, Santa Cruz is not exactly fi·esh, unclailned land 1\vo
student houses, ~·u1Tou
nded by scores of local punks, 1netalheads, forces do1ninatethe eco1101ny
of tllis town: Toutistn and the Unifiiends and strangers-t onight is a garage show. Dn1nkenness, versity. We, as ~tt1dents,contt·ol neither of tl1eseforces. We, like
screa1ning conversation, and blaring noise is the rule. AnAtnerican tl1eLatina/o inunigrants to the South\vest, cheapen local labor by
flag is bu111ed.A fist is thrown. TI1ere's a scuffle. And then, I a1n working shitty, pa1t-time jobs-and likewise excite animo~ityand
standing in the fi·ontyard of this house, with my fiiends clutching hatred fi·on1the locals. We students vote with our hearts in local
bottles, fingering blades. Across the ~treet, I count shaved heads, elections that are unlikely to affect us greatly if we leave Santa
white kids. There, but for fortune, go you or 1ne.
Cn1z after we gai11our degrees. We are not carpet-baggers, we are
Santa a·uz is not the bubble you think it is. TI1esocial yotmg people, excited by the possibilities and Possibility tl1attllis
conflicts alive in this town are not 111erely
analogous to greater ills town represents to us. We are not exploiting this place any n1ore
in Amelican society-a s ren1ote as it is, Santa Cruz and its resi- than we exploit the laborers who work i11our own ho1ne towns.
dents are directly involved in conflicts that are being fought across The hatred 1nany locals feel towards us is like tl1ehatt·ed that opthe region, and across California. To paraphrase Paulo Freire, the pressed workers in early-20th century New York felt towards !Jish
outcast, the beggar, the jobless , the vagrant, the entire body of tl1e inunigrants. The two had a conunon ene1nyin the Vanderbilts and
poor is not, nor has it ever been exten1alto society. No, integration the Rockefellers. We students and the local youth of Santa Cn1z
is not the problen1-the problem is exploitation.
have a common enen1yin the U1liversity,and the co1poratebodies
When I ca1neto this city, I was a transfer student :fi;oma bellind its veil. Toe degree to which we remain divided is the exact
co1nm111lity
college in Los Angeles, and an excited, adamant stq,-- degree to wllich we will be exploited
TI1eUC claims the top of the pyra1nid when it co1nes
dent of the UC. Santa Cruz stt11ckme as its own so1t ofinicrocosm,
a weird, funky place where my off-color attitudes could jive with to political discussions of how public education should be 11111
in
new co1npanionsand re~taurants would offer 1nevegeJ:arianfood California. Yet, the UC does little to help the people of Santa Cn1z
tl1atwould actually be enjoyab~. It seldo1nocGurr-ed
to me that the besides "pi;ovide" the population witl1jobs that are as alienating
persons cooking or serving said meals might be in /)anta Cruz for and dise1npoweringas \),300-gerson lecture hall. Vacant as they are
~ntir~lydiffer~ntreason§p-~ ~~n occ~ur-ed to n:ietl1atthe youth otcgmpassion,and crea:ti,vity,Califonlia 's public schools reinforce
.gl~~
ns througl1property-tax-financing. Santa Cruz High
111tins town nught b as diisilli.lsi~ea
~ um~
e th~ ~w,
11,
}Mltb,· e locally lligh prope1tyvalues, sends a nun1ber
up in as I \Vaswith . o An~~tha
th~ roo ha~
~l · ~,m
sands flock to their l¼Q
m.sragn. i'n~ ~!91",j;ne;wlife o ~to ta~ £)R~
t to U:C 'C tl1atis so small as to be negligible.
"bn the ,pne hand, this 1nakes sense. Besides those proand leave what they\viW, exp cit a.Qc}
wtu:ptl1eiin;ige oflhe WJi!Oe
around them, and ul}ttnately leave as alien as they w:erew:Iie»t\ex sp.ecti~ ~b.1-dents who, even with grants, financial aid, and loans,
cannot afford UJCSO,and those students who have been failed by
entered, or sink int~ 1naclness,desperation, and ocugabusf},,
TI1ereare ~ffinheadsaround thi:s oount;y,
-an clno~only a robotic J?Ublic sclio.oJingand standardized testing, the Santa Cn1z
handful. I an1not teffi\igyou tllis to conv:in-Geyoll o~iliept'e;<,,
·alen0.e nat~Vf.W
wl~J:>
w:e11
(\a:wayfor university probably wanted to escape.
of racisn1across the eounhy. I an1not teHingyou tly$t;,Q1n-al<~
yott I'1n confictentthat fe}Vpeople reading tllis wanted baclly to stay in
tllink that Santa C1uziis not a beautifu and nniqq,e pira0.e-ij is. I tl1eirho1netowA 01 even close to it, when it can1eti1neto decide
on university.
a1n telling you this be,.
eause, if you are a new ¥,ent !lt tile U ~
you need to know tl1,al;,J01!,lta\!eJ.),.ot~eaged
to ~wiJ_
et littl.,eto;w,n
~1 the othe~ and, I want to ask another que~tion,"Should
do1ninatedby an Iv.-01
5r Tow,er where )J.QY,.ean stl,l~ in ~aee ana thilsbftil''Shoul1d rt be that an Ivo1y Tower on top of a hill, out in
ignore the social illstha ,12La£,1l,eciiow·
(!.)¥1\
ltoJ~to.JiY,fi.
a :fore.$, g;e..t~
to buliJll-around tl1elocal politicos? Should it be that
"Kooks" is a tel'tnmiauM Slll~C't ;lli! lo~ lls U§ll to d~
w..@.l,JK;
••§tudent3 !!.
nd local youth are pitted against one another for
o si% and '(lant artistic ~potligl1t?Should it be that our
the student body of1
:;~c
Snec~G,fil~ y~~ t !} pe~ ~ ·,
1nyself, n1y fiiends, d j ll ~lljlj; w,b,.os~po~~ tb..emsdiwe;;
t'.l'lb~ ~ ea~ a:,.,.
enuie fot<ge.t_ting
involved in tl1elives of local youth& ~~tiio..li ~x stem-is so bereft of real values that it
a radical, a punk, a ~\'l~);l
QJ;j~ a :J?Ot~
;inokfai.gl~e ~ $)liy ~ !Y._»ubfi
~\?®i ent: ~nemti!:on aeross California, with a desire to abandon
you crazy diamonds. R~tnbe · ho;w:e;v.:e
~ tfi.l!
J ewe..Js.
l'~
~ij
class of grach1ating~ewoics~v.~S a1lt!.C1:Jm>bel!{n
~ ha~n uie,tt, ~wn
1nmiiit'li~sin,J1ea1·(lhof a better life? Should we abandon our
the place as a stepP,i~ ~t~1e,. 1:o th.em..,i, il;;a lj)J.:at)'loji ',, ea "'
~lfflm!~1Is
tltere a Uetterlife to escape to?
laborato1y to experi1n~ with ch~ "aJ.eoo~' art all.,daeti,;ii,l · a
AnS'.X,~
t tlulsanjl these questions with your hea1t, and with
bank of expe1iencesto dt'ltwftom ,Qt;a ea11,v11s
to ~WU JJQll ~ ~._t'l~a <'],
,I S~:IJ.,Q,,
hatt·ed towards ~tudents ~ ~ fueit: t~,ti. neutJ.,o.f
San~Ji,l,!~

Hometown B Illes

-b.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

13

lHI(O)
1nn
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ce§ § ~or
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fttty(0)
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ft1n1
«1un1
ccce
§

DOWNTOWN LAW!!!

by Rutli & Gamedro

Familializing yourself with the nlles and regtllatiom on ca1npus
will take some getting used to. Fortunately, there is a certain
a111ou
nt of leeway that conies with paying over a thousand dollars
a 1nonth for a shared donn roon1,no kitchen, and a bathroom/
shower situation that n1ightmake you feel like you're away at
summer camp.
When you n1akeit down the hill to the city of Santa Cn1z,there
is a whole new list of laws, enforced to keep the population at
bay. Now if you're in your nice North.facejacket or other flashy
apparel, carrying a purse, or sporting a back pocket full of cash,
there might not be a lot to worry about. But, if you happen to
dawn a scn1ffier look, these laws will be used to keep you OUT
of the downtown area. Tuey are designed for the persecution
of individuals without the cash-flow for housing, those traveler
types , those vagabonds, thooe LAZY CRAZY homeless people.
This system of per-

secution depends on
a lack of awarenessan assu1neddisconnect between you
. and those out of luck.
W.
~- ·,L _- Technically, these
.,..... : '....
,,4 laws are supposed to
~::!,, be for EVERYONE,
-~ which would make
~ public space UNm ., HABITABLE. They
, are designed to keep
• people n1oving,providing no FREE place
to sit and take a 1nuch
needed break, unless
of course you have a
· cup of coffee in your
hand, or a large shopping bag full of new shoes.

' ·'AN
T ~-·
'CHANG
f

.

*Do

Nar SIT ON THE SIDEWALK, y OU CAN BE T ICKED IF:

• You are at a Bus Stop
• Within 14 Feet of ANY building
• Within 50 feet of an A1M (or any other outdoor coin/
1noney machine)
• Within 14 feet of any fence that abuts a public sidewalk
• Within 14 feet of any drinking fountain, public telephone, public bench, public trash con1pactors, info or
directory/inapsigm, sculpture or artwork displayed in
public prope1ty,or vending cart
• within 14 feet of any street corner or intersection
• Within 14 of any kiook

*Do

Nar SIT ON ANY PUBLIC BENCH GREATER THAN
HOUR

*Do Nar
*Do

SLEEP IN THE CAR OR IN THE PARK

Nar WALK A DOG DOWNTOWN

*Do Nar

POLIT ICALLY TABLE OR STREET PERFORM IN DES
IGNATED AREAS FOR LONGER THAN AN HOUR

unfounded argument, the reality is that the safety of citizens is
secondary to the financial security massive police forces provide.
Tue reality is that homeless people reduce touris1n, and that just
cannot be tolerated. These laws terrorized people into fullfilling
certain roles, or else Iisk losing even n1ore. Fuck that shit, it's
crazy.
Witnesses and photographs of police hanasme nt can make a repo1t to HUFF
(423-H UFF). To get a hist01yof local police
han-asment, :youcan
visit www.huffsantac1uz .org.

.

This trend of cri1ninalizing the poor does not create safety. It

terrolizes a fragile population and promotes an atmoophere of
hootility,a seme of unease.
While the city may po1tray a concern for safety, altogether an

14

1

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

The herbs listed here are likely to help out your heart, body, and home. Many grow
locally and can be found sneaking through the cracks in the sidewalk, or growing on
the trail you hike on between lectures (see LRDP list of plant species). You may not
want to pick any that have been growing too close to roads because of all the car pollution, but if you find any of these herbs in a good environment, they're super yummy.
Make a wish! This is no weed. If
;.you get down to one of the farmers'
., . -:-markets you can buy bunches of the
· ~
leafy greens. It's a great liver tonic
~ (if you've been having a nice long drinl
~ ing extravaganza), is also a great sourc
of potassium, and a diuretic. You can
< brew it in tea, cook it, or make wine out of it
·(S (although some forms of consumption may be more nutritious than others).
Great for yeast infections (see Fertility
Cycles), bronchitis, colds, coughs, hay
fever, infections, sore throat, wounds,
and serves as a liver tonic.
A fairly common tea that performs all sorts of 1ninor miracles: deal' ing with anxiety, bun1s, depression, fever,
headache, indigestion, insomnia, itching,
nausea, sore throats, stress, and wounds.
I'\ ILE. Is it winter yet? Is there a
c;~t,/A
constant chorus of coughing in lecture?
l~
This is the herb to take for bronchitis,
colds, swollen glands, infection, laryngi- rt'lr~
tis, and sore throats.
liitE . ,Ji
So good for you, and so many
ways to cook them. These are a great
dietary staple because they feed the
nervous system, especially under
stress, which can sometimes feel
constant at the University. Oats also
help with anxiety and depression.

-

S

Great for beer-making, firstly. Also great

,W,

There are some warnings for use during
?epression, however, as depression rnay
increase.

b

Not just for kissing under, this herb has
been taken for anxiety, depression,
migraines, stress, and tension. It is
also an abortificient, and should
therefore be avoided du1ing preg- ~/
nancy (or, consult the Herbal Abor- 't)
tion recipe).
11_....;/"IJS,,1'1c
""'

~l.1]0--

~~~

0

---..""'
, ~,,..&:
The flower of the state can be brewed
r) "\"'for anxiety, insomnia, and tension.

tf

Great after a long paper (but don't get
caught gathering it unless you crave
jail time).

v,,--..,..

YThis plant can help with anxiety, ~4'
cramps, depression, headaches, insomnia, pre-manse tension, painful menstruation, tension, and migraines. This plant
does a whole, whole lot.
Thismakes a nice cup
_. ....
of tea in the weeks before and during your
period. It is also great for pregnant women trying to keep themselves healthily pregnant. It is
also a good urteine contractor if you
haven't had your period in a while or
wish to abort. (see recipe for getting your period back).

S

C,"
p

p.

9fRIY

lfAf

!)is orientationffiuibe2009~to

15

Another fairly common
herb used in teas which
can alleviate anxiety,
colds, fever, hay fever,
indigestion, itching, nausea, and tension. Great
for before bed, though it
can sometimes worsen Or. "
overly acidic stomachs. \

•\\\.T

t;r
t:':
~\\

This lovely herb
grows
everywhere
here in Santa Cruz.
It is good for circu1"lation,
depression,
and headaches. Cook
with it or make tea.

1

Parsley contracts the
uterus, can help bring on
a period, or speed up the
last few skimpy days of
menstruation by helping to 1novethe blood
out.

With this herb comes with the issue of legality. It is used to alleviate appetite disorders, anxiety, sleeplessness, pain, nausea. There is policed access to this herb. Here in Santa Cruz you can get a Dr.'s note and pay
for a Medical Marijuana card (muy expensive), but the card provides you
with a degree of safety, though with all the regulations/laws and ordinances
out there, it leaves fairly few people un-crirninal. A Medical Ma1i-

~S/./
Guidelines

C.,fllf
F .·.•. Of ,;
"'-llVAN• ,,,," .

A.Poosession.Aqualifiedpatientorapersonholdingavalid
f\
identification card, or the designated primatycaregiverofthat \.n
qualified patient or person, 1nay poosess amounts of 1narijuana
K

n

~

-.-. --

B. Cultivatio11 A qualified patient or a person holding a valid
identification card, or the designated plima1y caregiver of that
qualified patient or person, may cultivate cannabis in an a1nount
not to exceed n1ore than one hundred square feet of total garden
canopy, as 1neaslu·ed by the co1nbined vegetative growth area

C. If a qualified 1nedical n1arijuana patient or prilna1y caregiver has an attending physician 's written, dated and signed
reco1n1nendation that the quantities described in subsections
A and B of this section are not sufficient to 1neet the 1nedical 1narijuana patient's needs, said patient or caregiver 1nay
poosess and/or cultivate an a1nount of 1narijuana consistent with the attending physician's written reco1n1nendatio11

16

'K!S

kUN
I?.
.._

'(,f(r(-n

-·- ·

l'

· -~ixJAHr
NUC,,

D. The name of the qualified 1nedical marijuana patient and/or
the pri1naty caregiver 's designation shall be and remain pooted
at any garden site where 1nedical 1narijuana is being cultivated
E. A pri1naty caregiver's designation shall be in the poosess1on of the caregiver whenever he or she poosesses or cultivates 1narijuana subject to this chapter .

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

AnInjury
toOneisanInjury
toAll!
WELCOME TO THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA (RUZ.
In your first weeks here you will probably
do some, if not all, of the following things:
buy books at the Baytree Bookstore; stand
in line for a new student ID; eat meals in
the dining halls; take showers in a regularly cleaned dorm bathroom , and throw
last night's beer cans into the just-emptied
dumpster outside your building.
As you do each of these things, take
a minute to consider what is happen ing
around you. This university is staffed by
thousands of people who do everything
from teach your classes to clean your common room. Consider that it is these people
who make your university experience here
possible. The University works because
they do.
Unfortunately, the University of California, which functions essentially as one of
the largest corporations in the state (see
Regents p.48) , also has one of the worst
reputations as an employer. From its inception , the UC has been charged with labor
violations: unsafe working conditions, poverty-level wages and refusal to negotiate in
good faith with labor unions.
Labor unions are the primary organizations that represent workers and negotiate
for their rights with their employers. They
protect workers from unlawful termination
and harassment, and organize to increase
job security, wages and opportunities
against the incessant rollbacks of corporations and our government. Most importantly, labor unions can build solidarity among
groups of people who are all interested in
the same thing: improving the ir ability to defend their rights and the value of their labor
- no simple task at UC. Interested primarily
in prestige, power and profit, the administrators and Rege nts of the Univ ersity can be
counted on to fight each year against the
legally justified and entirely reaso nable requests of its employees. And for what? UC
is a public institution and yet it puts away
record profits every fiscal close. Why? Because it's priorities have nothing to do with
improving education and the communities
on and around campuses. Rather than re-

....
,~~;
,.. ..
_.~·...........
~'\..~t
'
... .••-.
Union Cheat

spect the surrounding
communities
and t he workers who
come from them, the
university treats them as expendable. This does not even come
close to constituting a public service; instead, it is based entirely in private interests
and on private mode ls, only this corporation
uses public funds and the fees and tuition
of many hardworking students to serve the
already rich and powerful.
The Unive rsity can more than afford to
take on its role as a public institution properly, to treat its employees with dignity and
to keep its doors open to all students who
wish to learn. Instead, it edges out more
and more students with each fee hike and
tuition increase. Instead, it denies its employees salaries that meet the cost of living,
and imposes greater and greater workloads
on the same number of workers, directly
decreasing the quality of education and student life at UCSC.
What happens to the surplus money that
the University makes each year? It's clearly
not going to workers. It's certainly not going to our overcrowded classrooms, shrinking library or overburdened TAs. Where is
all of this money going?! And what can we
do to get it back?
The commitment to stand up together
for all working people's rights is one of the
most fundamental principles of the labor
movement, both ethically and strategically.
Solidarity - the key to res istance - develops
when we build personal connections with
the people in our communities. Get to know
the people who clean your dorms and classrooms, the peop le who drive your buses
and process your financial aid paperwork.
Building relationsh ips and alliances like this
is not only crucial to resisting the rollback
of our education, it also gives us a glimpse
of what is lost in a system which priortizes profit over
"people.
-.-.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

~

►~

~,• ..;;::!I

'!4.
.....
--

,

Sheet
AFSCME
Association of
Federal , State, County and
Municipal Employees:
groundskeepers, custodians , shuttle drivers and
dining hall workers.
www.afscme3299.org
mmol ina@afsc me3299.org
831.425.4822

AFT American

Federation
of Teachers: lecturers.
www.ucsc-aft.org ,
allison@u csc-aft. org

UAW United Auto

Workers: Teachers Assistants
www.uaw2865.org
www.uaw-quad.org
santacruz@uaw2865.org
831.423.9737.

CUE Coalition

of University
Employees: clerical workers.
www.cueunion.org
cueorganizer@cruzio.com

UPTE University

Professional and Technical
Employees:
techn ical support, lab assistants, researc hers .
www.upte-ucsc.edu
upte@upte-ucsc.org
3
'. ... . . ' ....
.... . ' ' ~·..

17

2?
Whatise

Engaging Education is a suppo1tive and dynamic space for progranuning that adch·esses the low
rates o'frecn1ihnent, retention and ~raduation that historically under-resourced communities face
within higher ech1cat
io11.To build a foundation for sh1dents to grows and evolve, e2 pro1notes
progralllllli ng that engages in grassroots organizing, student activisin, co1nmu1J.ity-building
both inside and outside the University, and understanding legacies of social justice sh11ggle.
e2 parh1erswith the University conununity to provide a pu1poseful, ti·ansfor1nativeand
relevant educational experience for all students.

context
and
Historv
TI1e concept of e2:Engaging educationwas first inh'oduced at the 2001 Peace Vigil orga1J.ized

by the EtluJ.icStudent Organization Counsel in response to two 1najor hate incidents that
had recently occu1Tedat UCSC. On the event's flyer e2 was defined as, "(v): Engaging
Education: is not a orga1J.ization or club - e2 is a conscious move1nent by students at UCSC
towards owning and taking responsibility for our education." Students ,vere ouh·aged at tl1e
lack of support feltf ro1nn1embers oftl 1euniversity achninisti·atio
n and tl1eca1npus cotlllntulity
in general. TI1eydecided that if any change was to be 1nade it, it was going to have to co1ne
fro1ntl1esh1dents.
The idea for the e2: Engaging Education Center, conceived at the Peace Vigil, was developed
into the Measure 10 Can1pus referendum durin&tl1e e2 class (previously the ESOC Leadership
class) of Winter and Sp1ing 2003 . TI1e class fac11itators and sh1dents worked on developing the
beginning of the e2 center. TI1e refere11du
1n was created in response to the intensifying tlu·eat of
cuts to student resources, specifically ouh'each and retention.
2
e has instih1tionalized student-initiated
outreach and retention progra1us, wlJ.ichrecn1it
• ti On or a club--Efis a
and 1naintai11a diverse student body at u csc, as well fight
for the
"ff- is . not an ~~
orgaruza
"· ts towards
~
e
ment
by stuuen
educational rights of all sh1dents.
conSClOUS
UlOv
.
•bilitY of our
owning and ta.king respoD.Sl

•--------:====~~;:"".;-;;~~;-;~

outreach
and
Retention
Outi·each and Retention progra1ns are sh1dent-initiated and sh1dent-n1n.

Each targets, but is not exclusively for, historically unde1Te
presented
co1nmu111ties. Our Outi·each progra1ns seek to create opportu1J.itiesfor,
and encoura~e l~i0 school students to continue their education at an
institution oI lliO 1er education. Our Retention progran1s aim to help
sh1dents reach eir fullest potential as learners and grach1ate. Each
pro~ram fosters 1nentorship, builds a sense of con1111
unity, and offers
acaoe1nic, and social support. As the center grows, new progra1ns can be
created and supported by the center

education"
.
th
·spo;wermnumbers; through
"ff believes ere 1
·bilities for change
solidarity and uruty the poSSl
are enclless."
"ff believes in the right to a free and accessible

education for all."

serVices
In addition to our Outreach and Retention programs, e

2

provides other services that help
support. and engage students during their acade1nic career. These include:
•Space to study, use the co1nputers, dialogue, ask questions, and hold events or workshops.
•Tutors in wliting, math, biology, che1nist1y,etc. They are available every Monday
--------------2
through Thursday at the e Redwood Lounge.
Contact
Us:
2
•Acaclen1ic Credit for activism through the e class.
e-ma il: ucsc _e 2@yahoo .com
2
•Mentorship through Retention Progra1ns and e center intenl'lhips.
Main: 831-4 59- 174 3
2
•e Library is a collection of textbooks and readers that students can check out.

until all demands are met.

position in Asian-American Studies.

World.

5. Third World and Native Ame rican
faculty meet and unanimously agree
to support the hunger strike, which
lasted 5 days.

c. Additional funding for staff to
search for and hire these faculty.

f. Increased financial support for
the Third World Teaching Resource
Center.

6. The University agrees in writing to:
a. One tenured track faculty
member each in both AsianAmerican Studies and Native
American Studies.
b. The continuance of a part-time

18

d. To replace Third World and
Native American faculty who go on
leave in adherence with affirmative
action guidelines.

• "Save our Shores" is created
in Santa Cruz to spearhead the
movement against off sho re oil
drilling.

e. A proposal to the Academic
Senate that each student
be required to take a course
substantially focused on Native
American and/or the domestic Third

• Agroecology program
founded , ensu ring the continued
existence of the Farm and Chadwick
garden.

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

B

'
It isn't jrnt said-It is proclaimed! "Rain bow Rainbow!"
Maybe you'll hear it coining into class, across the lecture hall,
in the 1niddle of the forest, in the dining halls, and even on the
streets of Santa Cn12. Chances are, if
you're traveling, you'll hear it, shouted on corner.., in audiences, in artist
gatherings, in different hideaways, all
across the United States . A111I exaggerating? Of cour..e not ! After fifteen
seasons (that' s fifteen years) alunmi
of both UCSC and Rainbow Theatre
are out in the world, doing what they
do best. They ai111to create a space
on UCSC ca1npu~ devoted to bringing
the s tories and lives of culturally and
ethnically diver..e peoples to a place
where they are rarely see n: the stage
(Fron1 Rainbow Theatre's 1niss ion
statemen t).
Founder of Rainbow Theatre, Don Willia1ns, director of
Cultural Arts and Diver..ity for the Student Affair.. Division, is
always dressed to i111pressat premieres of performance by his
st udents. Always willing to uplift , Rainbow's n1otto being , "Uplift son1eone higher than youmelf. "Each year, he joyfully welcon1es fom1er students back to Stevenson College to see the new
perfonnances put on by the Rai nbow crew, and to welcome in
new membem of what 1nost of them would call the "Ra inbow
Family." 111e family oriented theme is present and growing in
every aspect of Rainbow, as it's me1nbem are encouraged to listen to, love and take care of one another. (''Don't worry. I got
you!')
Expect to be challenged if you're going to try and beco111e
a pa1t of the Rainbow Theatre Troup. In a space where feelings
of resentn1ent and fnistrat ion bubble to the surface, people sharing thei r experiences can be intensely visceral. Experiences of
discrimination , strife an1ong fa1nily, and even raw e1notional
wounds fron1 deatll'l and losses are opened up and revealed And
this is jtist the auditio1l'lI When working fro111the ground up with
nothing but a script, and being so close to other people , Rainbow Theatre brings out en1otions, not always pleasant, but all

BY ALEX HERNANDEZ



the time enlightening. Than~ to Don Willia1ns' sincerity and
(so1netiines really, really long) talks at the end of the night , his
reassuring presence and experience provide a ballast to the pass ions making theatre elicits.
Don doesn't fail to remind his s tuden ts,
he wouldn't be here without the111.A few
years ago, Theatre Arts made a decision to
try and cut Rainbow Theatre from UCSC.
Don was infonned he would lose his job.
When Don infonned the Rainbow Family
he would no longer be faculty, students bega n to organize. Protests against the decision
raged Perfom1ances and speeches vehe1nently agai1l'lt the univemity's decision, and
strongly in support of Don Willia1ns lasted
for days. In the end, the univemity 's decision
to excise a 111eatre Troup that was known
for attracting controversial and son1etiines
s ubver..ive n1aterial ca1ne to be seen by 1nany as a thinly veiled
atte1npt to bring down what could arguably be the most active,
vocal, and intelligent group, on campus.
Attracting radical thinkers and poets, Rainbow 111eatre is
an expression of what Theatre could and should be: an experience that changes your life and the way you see yourself and the
world around you. Many students who never knew what costuming was, 1nany students who never knew what getting on a s tage
and perfonning was like, many students who never knew theatre
wasn't supposed to be dull and substanceless all know now what
a powerful and cathartic instrun1ent
a
collaborative
111eatre can be. If
you can't be apart
of it, go and see
the perfonnances.
You are a part of
the Rainbow Fa1nily too , becatise
everyone can listen and lean1.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

19

0-

.'

COIDl\iOO
~ ~ ~ JNfil21IIDIIIDIBIRl!J

t7AICOO
.
___
by Student of Color Collective

As students of color, we 1nustcomtantly fight for a

battle continues to en.surethat the seiv1cesstudents
of color depend on are preseived

·· - --

- _ __

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In the n1iclstof these budget cuts and rising fees,
, .... ~,
II f
~vi .(~
working class students of color and other 1narginal}
V1
Iii.'
ized groups continue to be at the margins. Due to
the recently enacted 6% cuts in enrolhnent growth,
...,..,. .... ..,~
\ '
less students of color are expected to adn1itto the
UC. African-American/Black student enrolln1ent
-Z.L,.
alone is expected to decrease by 5.4 - 8% when
AfricanA1nerican/Blackstudents on our campus
.currently 1nakeup only 3 .1% of inco1ningnew
freshman and 2.8% of already existing undergraduates (as of
/photoby BradleysnwrI lnd)t>ay.org)
2007). While UC Santa Cruz already has the second lowest
graduation rate-just above UC Riverside-for students fro1n
Student of Color Collective Mission Statement
historically underrepresented communities, the budget cuts
disproportionately affect those already vulnerable groups at UC
The Student of Color Collective (SOCC) is a coalition of
Santa Cn!Z and statewide.
student of color organizers actively working for an equitable,
more accessible higher education for all students. Con1prised
Our co1nmu1litiesand the attacks from the state on lligher
of student leaders, ethnic 01ga1lizations,and concen1edst udents
education are not independent of the cuts and attack on public
of color, the collective works to take back ownership over
education throughout Califonlia. Urban cities across Califorthe system of lligher education that has historically excluded/
nia are tn1ly being disenfranchised.A moven1entfor quality
exploited co1n1nunitiesof color. The collective recognizes the
education cannot be independent of knowledge or connection
particular stn1ggle of students of color to access, engage, and
with students in the K-12 system. Prior to the cun·ent cuts we
retain the1nselvesin an institution that has, through the use of
are facing, students in urban schools in Califonlia already sufinstitutionalized racism, undeivaluecl,unden1tilizecl,and overfered a lack of appropriate 1naterials, qualified teachers, linear
looked the importance of a diveISestudent body. The collective
curriculu1ns,cri1ninalizationof youth (specifically those fro1n
asserts that as a public institution, it is the duty of the u11iverimpoverished conlffiunities),1nilitarization and lack of college
s ity to seive the public justly by reflecting the de1nographicsof
preparation courses or resources; These syste1nicproble1ns
California.
heightened after Schwarzenegger's cuts to education. All of
these issues, and many more have eveiything to do with those
Following a long legacy of student of color activis1n,and a
who "1nake-it" to the tuliversity and those who do not. When
tllirty year long fight to 1naintainvital resources for students
we say our comn1u1litiesare under attack, we caru1otsee ourof color on tllis ca1npus, the collective asserts that students of
selves at the u11iversityas a separate entity fro1nthe students
color are valuable assets to the UCSC ca1npusand 1nustbe
who suffer an inept public education in the state of Califon1ia.
treated by the university as such. During tilnes of budget cuts
and econon1icunce1tainty,it is the duty of the university to
\VHATDo \VE Do?
prioritize those who are mast iilllnediately impacted, st udents
While concenis were brought up in organizatiom and various
of color from histolically n1arginalizedcon1mu1lities.It is the
st udent groups on can1puswho were working to fight again.st
duty of the tu1iversityto therefore, adequately fund, promote,
the budget cuts, students of color did not have a unified voice
and support resources for these students of color in order to
to build power, 1nobilization, and actively work to combat
maintain a healthy, diveISe ca1npus.
the decisio11S
that would disproportionately and detrilnentally
itnpact the1n. Student leaders fro1nvarious ethnic organizations
The Student of Color Collective 1naintailisthe needs of
along with others unaffiliatedwith groups on campus called an
students of color include but are not linlited to access to efe1nergencymeeting to 1nobilizeand create a united platfonn to
fective outreach and retention progralllSwhich work to target
collectively respond to the budget cuts. Together we fonned the
ma1ginalizedco1n1nunities,access to effective resource centers
Student of Color Collective.

If

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·[)1J'OO~

NUCLEAR
FREE
ZONE

20

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

that work to address the needs of students of color as stated by
students of color, people of color representation on all levels of
administration, retention of faculty of color, decision 1naking
power in all propooed or actual budget cuts which effect student of color resources, and accountability and transparency by
all UCSC administrators over all budget decisions.
The collective holds the university accountable to its claitu
"To serve society as a center of higher learning, providing
long-term societal benefits through tran'imitting advanced
knowledge to all California students" (University of California
Mission Statement). As active stakeholders in this institution
of higher learning the Student of Color collective reclaitns the
university as a taskforce for creating a strong, diverse, and
educated generation of leaders.

Student of Color Collective Demands
Short Term:
• Hire full-titue AIRC (An1ericanIndian Resource Center) and
WC (Won1en's Center) directors with student voice in hiring
process
• Maintain acade1nicintegrity and current stn1cture of Co1n111unityStudies Dept. by keeping field study coordinators
Mike Rotkin and Flor Marchetti and Depaitment Manager
Penny Stinson.
• Retain two LAlS professors Guille1moDelgado and Susan
Jonas
• Make UCSC a sanctuary can1pus
• UCSC publicly support the Drea1nAct (state/federal)
• Pe1n1anentfunding for Ethnic- Year-End Ceren1onies fron1
college C.A.O.s andProvoots
• RC (Resource Center) rep as liaison to between local tribes
and UCSC. Maintain respectable relationshiµ, with local
tribes.
• Equitable rent for fan1ilystudent housing. No rent increase
for year of09-10
• Fair transparent negotiations with workers and unions to ensure equitable pay, working condition and representation
• No layoffs!
• No worker deportations by ICE
• Freeze on cuts over the sunllller
Long Term:
• Chancellor support/funding of Student Initiated Outreach
progralll.5for Students of Color
• Institutionalized scholarshiµ, and other resources for underresourced i1n1nigrantstudents
• Access and affordability to higher education for underrepresented communities- STOP STUDEN'l' FEE HIKES!
• Outreach and retention of faculty ai1dstaff of color (CPS)
•. Fill AsianA111erican"specialist" pooitionfor An1e1icanStud1es

• Move111ent
towards an Ethnic Studies Program
• Affordable and quality housing for under sourced inunigrant
students
• No cuts to Disability Student resources
• No cuts to rape awareness

STAND UP, FIGHT BACK!
In response to budget
cuts we initiated a hunger strike. During the
Hunger Strike, we had
hundred'i of students,
comn1unity1ne1nbers,
professors and oi:ganizations support by
holding classes, meetings, rallies and si1nply
to stand in solidarity.
Press coverage fro1n
local Santa Cn1zarea,
to Monterey County
to the Bay, San Diego
to Tokyo, spread fast
in respect and attention to the methods
that the SOC collective chooe to respond
to the budget cuts. We
caJUpedan entire week
at the base of ca1npus,
with no police presence, alten1atingnight
watch, having 1neetingsand creating relationshiµ, in our shared
stniggle to bring attention to the issues of a quality, accessible and affordable education. The collective also struggled
internally with little titne to oi:ganize,lack of co1111nitment
from certain grouµ,, and also diverse perspectives on strategy.
Ultin1atelythe 2009 Student of Color Collective Hunger Strike
began an important state111ent,first in honoring and re1ne111bering the TWANAS Huuger Strike for Ethnic Studies in 1979,
and showing creatively the extent to which students are willing
to take to co1nbatcontinued syste1nic reproductions of colonialism and racis1n,in a new age of public education. The SOC
Collective continues to fonnulate a rhetoric that resists the
capitalist, disenfranchising and inaccessible productions of oppression within the university.
KNOWLEDGEWITHOUTWISDOMISADEQUATEFOR
THE POWERFUL, BUT WISDOM IS ESSENTIAL TO THE
SURVIVALOF THE SUBORDINATE.
-Patricia Hill Collins

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

21

Save the Student Voice:
UCSC Student Media Cuts
bv Dana Burd
Th.issum1nerCampus
Life, a cluster with.in
Student Affairs which
oversees a number of
student services, including the Career Center,
EOP, STARS , OPERS,
the Resource Centers,
Student Media, and
SOAR [Student OtganizationAdvising and Resources], continued the process of 111aking
$1.3 million dollars in budget cuts. According to the June 2008
Can1pusLife Budget Update, re-oiganization and staff reduction
plans have been implemented to absorb the cuts because, "in order to preserve services for students, we are required to think and
act differently," Associate Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs and
Dean of Students Alma Sifuentes writes. These plans included
the re-organization of Student Media to fall under the Director of
SOAR, and have resulted in the layoff of the Director of Student
Media, Marlene Olson.
Marlene Olson (who had been with the University for 20 years as
the Director of Student Media, as the Media Coordinator before
Student Media had even been established as a unit, as well as
serving as an intermediu1nDirector of SOAR between progra1n
directors) aigues that the units are too dissimilar to be co1nbined.
Unique characteristics of Student Media organizations include the
necessity for 111edia
law advising, day-terday business advising,
and training in accounts payable, collections, advertising and
underwriting for business and ad sales tea1ns. "College student
media advising requires a re1uarkablydifferent professional skill
set than those required by SOAR, OPERS or College Programming advisers," said Olson. 'With each change of supervisor, I
found 1nyselfspending as much ti1ne advising and educating my
new supervisors in the nuances of the First Atnendment, 1uedia
law, eained inco1ne, and the special needs of our program, as I
did students."
Student Media was established as a unit when it was separated
fro1nSOAR in 1998. Since then both units have expanded;
Student Media alone has grown from supporting 400 students in
19% to nearly 1,000 in 2009 . "The pri1naryreason any UCSC
program receives ' unit status' is because of verifiable and quantifiable student de1nandfor services. Unit status is a state1nentof
co1nmittnentto support a specific area," said Olson, "[allowing]
for a dedicated and knowledgeable unit director to provide tin1ely
responses to the day-to-day risk manage1nentdemands, which in
pageant moves to San Diego.
• Westside neighbors organ ize
Westside Community Health Clin ic
(later becomes Planned Parenthood
downtown)
• The Women 's Center opens.

1986
• Years of student protest pay off
as the UC becomes the largest
public institution yet to take a stand
against apartheid in South Africa.

22

this case included First Atnend1nent,FCC and related media law."
''I was surprised by the reo1ganization,and since then I have been

trying to figure out what it 1neatl'lfor SOAR, " said SOAR Director Sayo Fujioka. "Atlytin1eyou lose an F'I'E [full tin1eequivalent
position], that's a loss, so the question is how we will fill that
time and expertise".
Mike Rotkin, who is a Lecturer in the Com1ntulityStudies Depa1tment, faculty sponsor for Student Media publication Fish Rap
Live!, and UC-AFT Vice President, aigues against the 1nethod
of i1nple1nentinglayoffs to deal with these cuts. 'The regents
and president are 1uakingthese imane, outrageous and stupid
decisions, then UCSC is making bad choices on how to make
the cuts. It's irrational on multiple levels." 111eSOAR Director sees the layoff as a loss for students in the face of the harsh
fiscal realities the U11iversityis facing. "Marlene built a lot of
new itlitiatives with staff and students; her leaving is a big la:.s,"
Fujioka said. " I11eUniversity overall is in a crisis, it is hard on
everybody. Students are la:.ing valuable people and se1vices are
being reduced It's not an optin1alsituation "
Wllile the pa:.ition has been cut, the funding is staying with Student Media. In a meeting with Acting Assistant Vice Chancellor
of Student Affairs Sue Matthews and Student Affairs adtninistrators Lucy Rojas and De1liseOtlitsuka, students were assured that
"the reoiga1lization is not a budget reduction issue."In fact, the
funding for the position is required to stay with Student Media
because it was funded by student referendum, Measure 7. Each
Measure is a compulso1yCa1npus-Basedfee charged to UCSC
students. In 2003, Measure 7 was passed as students voted to
assess themselves a fee of up to $51 a quarter to preserve student
progra1ns,which were la:.ing Registration fee funding. Meas11re
7ft11uli11g
C(lltbe allocated to st11de11t
progr"111s
a11dsew ices
tl,at e11/11111ce
CalltpllSlife.
Each UC campus has an SFAC (Student Fee Adviso1y Cotnmittee) or RFAC (Registration Fee Advisory Co1nnlittee)chaiged
with bringing student involve1nentto budget decisions in the
fom1of funding allocation reco1n1nendations
. UCSC's SFAC
has the added responsibility of holding purview of Measure 7,
the Student Program's Fee. The co1nmittee1nade no proposals of
funding changes for 2009-10 , taking the pa:.sibility of cutting any
unit's Measure 7 funding off the table. Since the Measure falls
under the control of SFAC, who made no reco1nmendation, Measure 7 funding will stay with tulits at the sa1ne allocation for next
year, so all cuts were taken fron1u11it'sregistration fee funding.
While 111any
u11itstook the 10% cut out of vacant staff salaries,
reduction ofstaffFI'E , operating budgets and even lay offs, so1ne
ad1ni1listrativeoffices such as AVC SA received penuanent budget and stafl F'I'E increases for the 2010 Fiscal year.

Actions are held at all UC campuses,
including mock shantytowns, sit
ins, teach-ins and rallies. These
caused such disruption and bad
press for the UC that it sold its $3
billion in stock holdings of companies
with ties to South Africa. Mandela
would later state that the UC
divestment campaign was a key
part of internat ional pressure to end
apartheid.
• What is now the Queer Fash ion
Show is started at Crown or Merrill.
It is called the "Alternative Fashion

Show. "

1987
• Protest at Lawrence Livermore
Labs. 2,000 peop le are arrested.
• GLBT conference "Exposed! "
attracts 500 peop le from around the
country.

1989
• City Council explicitly un-invites
Navy from visiting harbor for

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

Si1tcetlie uuit is supported by Measures aud eanied
i1tco11,e,
Stude1ttMedia is kft lvitlt 1tofl,i1tgto cut; so lvlty
layofftlie Director?
In spite of the fact that Measure 7 was protected, and Student
Media receives $558 in registration fee funding, the unit was
asked to write a proposal on how it handle a cut of up to 7-10%
of its peru1anentbudget (Measure 7 included). The proposal put
forth by the unit on how to address that kind of cut offered a
method of rearranging Student Media's budget in a way which
avoided layoffs. 'We would find a way to do it" Olson said, "If
Student Media was once again forced to cut its budget, we were
co1nmittedto replacing operating costs and salaries with Measure 13 and 34 and earned income. As in all of the past years of
cuts, I was prepared for tough tin1es." Student Media has plenty
of experience dealing with decreased fees and still sustaining
their progra1n.Over the years registration fee funding for Student
Media has been cut back through budget cuts so that the unit receives al111ost
no registration fee funding. Thus, the unit 1nustrely
on Student Measure 13 for equip1nent,Measure 34 for advising
and Measure 7 for operation.<;
and advising. "Student Media has
endured year-after-year of the budget cuts - beyond any other unit
of its size I know of on can1pus, taking a $50,000 cut in 19941995, "said Olson, ':,\nd yet, we found a way to survive each and
every one of the1n."
Ultimately Student Media's received no direct budget cut this
stunmer. It was Sifuentes' decision, not a reco1nmendation from
unit Directors or Executive Directors to layoff the Director and
reorganize Student Media under SOAR. "Student Affairs was really large and ad1ninistrativelyheavy': said Sifuentes "where we
could find synergies we merged position<;to have those efficiencies in addition to budget cuts. "Because of this year's re-organization, decisions on how to spend the funding from the eli1ninated Director position falls to the discretion of the Director of
SOAR; thus, it is unlikely the advising will be replaced through
the hiring of additional staff this year. "I don't think we are going
to be able to fill a position right now, just becau'le of all of these
other challenges that we have for this year," said Sifuentes. Pla1l'l
on how Student Media will use the funds have not been finalized.
Reorganization decisions traditionally fall to the Director and Executive Director ad1ninistrativelevels to detennine how changes
will be 1nadewithin units. "In a very general way that was the
purview of the Directors, and the Executive Director is supposed
to do that," said Sifuentes, "I was not satisfied with the plans, because I thought they were not realistic, so I gave folks the chance
of providing input, but it did not realize, so I had to go ahead and
make those kinds of decisions."

Director of Student Media had offered students. "The two units
are like apples and oranges, they are so different. You could 1nake
that argu1nentabout administrative efficiencies for every position that is on the sa1ne level, so all of the Directo1s and all of the
Executive Directo1s and all of the Associate Vice Chancellors are
all technically duplicates of each other," said Connan Bradley,
Student Media's IT System's Analyst, "but it was the scope of
the [Director of Student Media] position that 1nadeit unique. She
was offering direct advising for legal and financial issues, which
are responsibilities that are for the n1ootpart now being prnhed
off onto the other advisors who already have too n1uchwork".
According to the position's job description, the Director had a
tmique combination of responsibilities including training and
advising for student in underwriting and ad sales. "I11edevelop1nentof earned inco1nefor student n1ediaorganizatio1l'lhas been
a significant part of 1nyday-to-day efforts and advising," said
Olson. "Each year I trained new generatio1l'lof students to go into
the co1n1nt11rity
and compete in one the 1noot1nediasaturated markets in the cotmtry." "This is a huge risk manage1nent mistake,"
said Rotkin, arguing, "Someone will get sued for a n1illiondollars
for defa1nationof character. This is bad 1nanagement, simple as
that." He added, "There is no reason to 1nakethese kinds of cuts.
Tlris is taking away so111eof the autonomy of student publications
and threate1ringthe idea of an independent student voice".

SAVE

T~IE

S T UDE i'lT VO I C E !
SAVETHEST
UDENTVOICE-COM
In respo1l'le,students alarmed with the lack of transparency and
student input in this and si1nilar changes across the division of
Student Affairs latmched the campaign, Save the Student Voice.
Moving forward, the ca1npaignwill foctl'l on bringing student
opinion back into the decision 1nakingprocesses, including
de1nandingbudget transparency, involvement from the Student
Fee Advisory Co1nmitteein budget allocatiom, and student input
when changes are 1nadeto student progra1ns.
Visitsavethestudentvoice.com for 1nore infonnation, or email at
savethestudentvoice@gn1ail.coin.

So1nestudents, however, do not see this move as creating such
efficiency, becatl'leof the loss of the direct advising that the
recruitment efforts.
• Gay Lesbian Bi Trans lntersex
Resource Center ("lntersex" added in
2003) space is won by students.

1990
• Earth Night Action topples power
tower in Aptos and blacks out Santa
Cruz for 2 days.
• For 3 days, students from the
Coalition on Democratic Education
take over the Chancellor's office,

sleeping in the foyer of McHenry
Library. The action helps ensure that
ethnic studies courses are listed in
the Schedule of Classes.

1991
• UCSC/Big Creek starts logging
at Elfland (a redwood grove) over
holiday break . 42 people are arrested
in a day-long demonstration. Native
shell site is trampled and sacred
sites are destroyed. Construction of
Colleges 9 & 10 begins. The full story
can be found here: http:1/nativenet.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

uthscsa.edu/archive/nl/9201/0051
htm l.

.

• Students and local activists shut
down Highway 1 to protest Operation
Desert Storm.
• African American Resource and
Cultural Center opens.

1994
• Rainbow Theater founded by Don
Williams. Despite continued attempts
to lay off Williams, consistent

23

SomeHistoricalContextfor the

Strugglefor EthnicStudies at ucscby Sherwin Mendoza
There is a long history of struggle for Ethnic Studies here at UCSC. In 1977 the Coalition
Against Institutional Racism was formed to demand
that UCSC divest from South Africa and support
affir1nativeaction. In 1977 also there were calls
proposing a Third World and Native American Studies (TWANAS) program at UCSC. These calls were
not fulfilled, but by 1981 students were organized
enough to hold a hunger strike that won a written commitment from the university to hire Ethnic
Studies facuity and to affir1nthe requirement that all
students should take at least one class focused on Native A1nericansor the don1esticThird World.
However, the struggle for Ethnic Studies is not
just a struggle about the cur1icult11nand the faculty
of the university. The struggle for Ethnic Studies
has been at the center of a stn1ggle over the identity
of the UC as a whole. The 1960 "Master Plan " for
higher education in California divides the population of high school graduates into three pools, 12.5%
eligible to attend the UC, 33% eligible
to attend CSUs, and anyone "capable of
benefiting from instn1ction" eligible to
attend a comn1unitycollege. This plan

for education devised by self-styled
"masters" is clearly a plan to reproduce
a class system in the state of California
by sorting people into a hierarchy of
educational institutions, with the small
minority attending the UCs becoming
the new elite of the state.
Fortunately, not everyone who
has attended the UCs has been so in-

24

vested in building boundaries based on where people
go to school. The late 1960s and early 1970s rang
with the slogans "Serve the People!" and "All Power
to the People!" It was in the spirit of these slogans
that the Third World Student Strikes at San Francisco State and UC Berkeley in 1968 de1nandedand
won the first Ethnic Studies programs in California.
In contrast to the "Master Plan," which would create a privileged set of UC graduates, the movement
for Ethnic Studies aimed at breaking the ba1riers
between students and the most exploited workers,
between the university and communities of color.
The recent history of struggles for Ethnic
Studies at UCSC has been mixed. Although key
facuity have not been retained, there have been a
number of victories such as the establishment of Engaging Education (E2 ) , resource centers for students
of color, and the winning of institutional support for
student-led outreach and retention programs. Currently, the UC president and so1ne top UCSC administrators are atte1npting to roll back and
even eliminate these programs through
budget cuts and in particular by laying
off key support staff. Two particularly
urgent cases right now are the cuts to
the Educational Opportunity Progra1n
(EOP) and to Community Studies.
The great question now is whether the
university will only serve a tiny elite,
with all power to the UC president, or
whether the university will serve all
. j of the people of California, including
·
people of color.

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

recent tuition increases.
Much of the tuition
increases over the past
few decades may be
a result of the success
of a 1978 Califonlia
ballot proposition (13),
by Gazuedro,September2009
wllich reduced state
funding for education
The University of Califonlia system, as a whole, is facing a
due to changes in property tax law. However, tllis reasoning is
budget shortfall upwards of $1.15 billion over two years. The
speculative and thus less helpful as an analysis of the current
state of California itself is suffering from an approxitnate $41
budget situation than as an excuse to exercise cuts. Still, the conbillion budget deficit. The 1nessagethat the UC office of the
tinual decrease in pem1anentstate funding is cause for concern,
president (UCOP) is relaying to the rest of the university system
especially as UC tunis to private ftmding to offset state funding
is to realize our u1lifiedinterest to survive these budget cuts. UC
shortfalls. Particularly unnerving, the increase in private funding
President Mark Yudof says that what he needs "is [our] strong
to replac_est~te funding tneans a dramatic increase of u1liversity
support and a sen.sethat we're all hanging in together in tllis."
corporat1zat1onon a whole. Thus we see both the literal increase
(UCOP) But who is really hanging in tllis together? Who takes
in direct corn1ptivecorporate funding through research grants and
the bulk of cuts in this crisis? As the cnmch gets n1oresevere, it
the resultant capitulation of any nlild sen1blance of free acadetnia
beco1nesn1oreapparent that the UC's approach is antithetical to
to an abrasive corporate influence. To further exacerbate the datnthe success of its educational mission. The UC's rhetoric about
age, such research grants often fra1netmdei:graduateeducation
the budget crisis is riddled with
as a secondary objective and
hypocrisy, veiled messaging, and
thus further deteriorate it de1nostpro1ninently,a lack of depth
''ADJUSTING
FOR INFLATION,
spite a total funding increase.
& insight in scrutinizing the scope,
The resulting change in
distribution and consequences of
research incentive and overall
STUDENT FEES HAVE INCRE4SED
the budget reductions.
focus n1ayhave disastrous
and unforeseen impacts (see
Some Numbers
SINCE
page 30).
In the past few years, UC student
Santa Cruz et al.
fee increases exploded. The 2007-2008 acaden1icyear saw a 8%
fee increase, the next year an additional 7.4% fee increase and
The past 8 1nonthshave expa;ed the onset of dramatic cuts on
tllis coining year (2009-10) we will suffer the staggering effects
ca1npus.Announce1nentsof these cuts appear to be unending.
of a 9.3% fee increase (UCOP). Between 1990 and 1995 the
Sev~ral vulnerable co1~1nuni~ies
on campus felt sig1lificantlyperstudent fees increased 115%*, followed by a lull and a 13.0%*
turbing and fatal cuts, including: graduate students, thoc;ein fa1nfee reduction. Between 2002 and 2006 the student fee skyrockily student housing, students of color, lecturers, staff and worketed with a 59.8%* increase. Adjusting for inflation, student fees
ers. Although ahnoc;tevery person on can1pusfeels the stinging
have increased 209%*, while Califonlia tninin1u1nwage has
effe_ctsof recent budget cuts, it is these con1nnmities,stn1ggling
dropped 14.5%* since 1970. If this is the beginning of your fi1st
agauist budget encroaclunent for decades, that are particularly tillyear at the UC, you should be aware that your tuition will ahnost
certainly increase each co1isecutiveyear as the eco1101ny
worsens able to withstand tllis new assault without 1nassiveconsequences.
and the residual effects of such an econotnic collaµ;e continues
Graduate Students and Family Student Housing
to devastate Califonlia's educational syste1n.(*values calculated
based on US Department of Labor "buying power" inflation
rates. It should be noted that the UC has no formal tuition, but the The UC increased student fees for Graduate students by 9.3% as
well. Graduate student fees now total $8,736 each yea1:Graduate
student fees are, for practical pu1poses,the satne thing. The fees
students will feel the itnpact of this $750 fee increase on top of
are divided into Registration and Educational fees. Ironically,
increases in graduate student health insurance ( GSHIP) expenses
the 1960 UC Master Plan laid out the intent to elitninate fonnal
and a significant decrease in job oppo1turutiesas teaclling assistuition. Also note that these values co1Tespondto in-state undertants (TAs)-again, lrnt to this round of budget cuts. The UCSC
graduate students, although sitnilar trends can be fotmd for other
Social Sciences Division, for in.stance,has cut what their division
students.)
sees as altnrnt every poc;siblenon-necessary expense as a result
of recent budget reductiotis.However, in light of massive new
The actual history of budget cuts at the UC extend beyond

209°/o

1970 ... ''

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

25

budget reductions, the Social Sciences Division fears it n1ayhave target UC e111ployees
1nakinghigh salaries, but will target the
to cut ahnost half of all the TAships. Fa1nilyStudent Housing
lowest paid e,nployees strongly. Salaries higher than $240,000
(FSH), chiefly composed of graduate students, received a 7.5%
will be cut no greater than 10%, while e1nployeesmaking less
rent increase (with n1oreto come). Despite relatively lower costs
than $40,000, no 1natterhow little, will receive 4% pay cuts.
Through this approach, the UC is hoping to cover approximately
at FSH co1nparedto local hon.singcosts. the enclosing circle of
25% of their budget shortfall. Perhaps the worst aspect of the furilnposiug budget reductions and cost increases. along with inflation, provide a vicious fonnula for one of the most vulnerable
lough syste111
the UC has established is that pa1t ti1neemployees
will receive a pay cut based on the salary they would be 1naking
co1nmunitiesat UCSC. As Tin1Muldoon points out in the April
2009 issue of The Project. in 1974 FSH was considerably cheaper if they were full-tilne employees. In other words. if someone
while salaries from TAships were at approxilnately the same levl_)a1t-time
makes $30,000 and their full-time equivalent makes
els as they are today ( adjusted for inflation).FSH residents made
$50,000, they will receive a 6% pay cut irr,tead of a 4% pay cut!
1nore1noneyand paid less tuition and rent. Indeed, the pervasive
pe1ve1sityof this rent hike deepens: Although UCSC advertises
In Janua1y of 2009, service workers in the unionAFSCME Local
FSH as affordable, it is neither designated as low-incon1ehous3299 won a contract battle that lasted 16 1nonths.Stipulated in
ing (with such rights withheld) nor
the contract, service
"With the annually imposed 7.5 % increase in rent at FSH. the worke1swere promare the rent hikes a direct result
of budget reductions. Rather, UC
recently announced downsizing in half of the ca1npusdaycare. ised a pay increase
chose these econo111ically
trying
the elimination of valuable su1n1nercare, and the constant threat of 4% (with further
times to ilnpooe extra pay111ents
on
against hard-earned gains in wages and healthcare, the feasibil- increases each consecbehalf of future FSH residencies. all ity of being a parent and graduate student si1nultaneously is be- utive year). Although
whilst current buildings continue to coining less realistic.As a me1nberof FSH, I have watched my valiantly struggled
deteriorate.
for. the total pay
rent go up two hundred dollars in the past two years and have
increase will nowhere
no
reason
to
believe
they
won't
go
up
another
two
hundred
in
near provide service
Scorching Santa Cruz Summer
the im1nediatefuture. Many of 1nychildren's daycare providers worke1swith a wage
will no longer be caring for 1nychildren who have taken 1nany they can survive on. In
The da1nagewrought by budget
1nonthsto love and trust their teachers and will now have to re- effect, these pay cuts
reductions continued over this past
su1nmerwith the elimination of
adjust as half of their class will be gone on account of the elimi- have undennined all
director pooitions (ie. layoffs) of the nation of daycare provided to the children of faculty and staff.
the gains of January's
Educational Opportunity Progra1n
The university has de1nonstrateda strong disregard for students new contract-gains
(EOP), the ARCcenter. and Stuand employees with fa1niliesand students of colors in the wake struggled for precisely
dent Media -all carried out without of recent budget cuts. My ability to continue 1nyeducation as a because of how neces1neaningfulstudent input. When
sary they were. What
PhD
Literature
student
and
to
seek
a
teaching
position
in
underthe UC is doing is tnlly
students requested transparency
represented
com1nunities
has
been
severely
threatened."
vile and borders on the
and budget infonnation regarding
-Mm-ti11
G,ucia
the loss of the Director of Student
spiteftll.
Media, the StudentAffairs office
responded by supplying students with a 111assivebinder with
The pay cuts and furlough system have been pro1nisedto only
hundreds of pages of complicated accounting information. What
last for 1 year. Despite reassurances from ad1ninistrato1sthat
they failed to provide was coherent reasoning for the tnerging of
renewing such a furlough syste1n again would be an arduous
Student Media with SOAR or for the firing of cn1cialstaff while
process, the likelihood that pay cuts will retun1 for the next year
Student Media continues to create income independently.In
are strong as some of the i1npactof the budget shortfall this year
August, the office of Student Affairs reduced funding to the Early has been cushioned by the te1nporaryFederal Stimulus. In all
Education Services program, eli,ninating childcare for staff and
likelihood, a similar federal sti,nulus will not exist the following
faculty a1nongother issues.
year. thus increasing the need to slash salaries.

Razing Staff/Workers

Continuing Injustice for Marginalized Communities

During Jtlly the UC established an unusual pay slash/furlough
syste1n.It cut e111ployee
sala1y by 4-10% based on the e1nployee's
original salary. and then. as some sort of twisted co1npensation
it gave e111ployees
anywhere between 11 to 26 days off a1nidsta
16% une1nploymentcrisis. The pay cuts the1nselvesdon't only

We can' t say it enough: These cuts have a partictllarly devastating effect on those that can least afford being cut. Progra1ns
that were established to outreach to co1nmunitiesof color and
other syste1nically1narginalizedcomnnmities have been repeatedly threatened and crippled or tenninated with severe funding

1999
• Asian American/Pacific Islander
Resource Center opens.
• December 3: 1,000 student
protesters successfully halt
introduction of grades.

2000
• June 18: Ramsey Gulch Treesit
started by Earth First! with help from
Canopy Action Network .

26

Redwood Empire files a lawsuit that
would bar treesitters from property
but then withdraws it.
• American Indian Resource Center
(former ly Native American Resource
Center) opens.
• Engaging Education is first
conceptualized with events organized
by the Ethnic Student Organization
Counci l and SUA in response to
violence and racism on campus.

demonstrate to end once and for
all the attempt to remove evals.
Nevertheless, mandatory grades are
voted in by the faculty senate. Evals
are kept optional.
• Statewide anti- sweatshop
campaign succeeds when the UC
Office of the President adopts a
"Code of Conduct". Loopho les in
this policy later lead to another UC
Sweat-Free campa ign.

• May: More than 1000 students

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

reductions or staff layoffs. Departments with son1e of the h.iohest
proportions of students of color have been cut severely inchtding staff elin1inations in the Co1nmunityStudies Depart1nent
and layoffs of invaluable lecturers in LatinAlner ican and Latino
Studies ~epartment. D~p ite U~OP 's new 'Blue & Gold Opportunity progra1n, des1gnedto increase access to financial aid,
~nd perha_µ5~her future projects to expand outreach to prospective 1nai:g1nahzedstudents, budget cuts have already undermined
any 1neaningful results that could have been produced by these
progrcum. For instance, the removal ofUCSC's director ofEOP
?irectly reduces resource access and personnel capable of providing 1nuch needed outreach and retention services for low income
students. There is a seemingly unintem1pted strean1 of staff Jayo~fsin practically every retention and resource center particularly
vital to students of color.And these cuts will likely continue to
happen at every can1pus as, a1nong other cuts and other reasons,
they are n1oreeasily accepted a1nong existing UC st udents that
may not directly benefit fro1n retention progra1nsor n1aybe ,nore
preoccupied with cun·ent budget woes that directly dainage their
personal education. Cuts taigeting st udents of color and students
fro1nother maiginalized conununities are particularly wonying;
coupled with the increasing cost of attending the university, the
proportion of historically econo111ically
disadvantaged students
unable to access higher education will increase dra1natically.
In May of 2009, in response to cuts that disproportionately da1nage students of color, several st udents from the Student of Color
Collective (SOCC) participated in a hunger strike that continued
4 days. Previously, the Office of Student Affairs had revealed
plans that could decrease emolhnent and retention of students of
color (see page 20). The anticipated negative impact on the already fragile ntuuber of students of color stn1ckserious concenis
among many students. The hunger strike cul111
inated in stabilizing
th~American Indian Resource Center and e1isuri11g
further talks
with st udents of color to t1y to avoid ca1npus-wide "errors" in the
future. Despite the struggle and successes of the ht111ger
strike,
a Jack of an overall perspective on how budget decisions taiget
students of color prevail ainong those that ad1ninister the UC.

Current Reduction Breakdown
The 1nost recent figures regarding the two year budget reduction
--that is this past acaden1ic year and the con1ing year-- depict
a "bu<¼:e
t shortfall" close to $813 1nillion due to state funding
reduct1011s
(~70% of the $1.15 billion). TI1e remaining budget
reduction (~$337 1nillion) is derived from various sources, none
directly due to state ft11
1ding reductions. According to previously
disclosed esthnates, $122 million dollars result fron1 '\inderfunded enrolhnents," and the rest have been described as 'lnandatory
costs". Over this two year period, UCSC will receive over $50
million in cuts.

Budget Cuts: Part II
Despite the UCOP's press released, the UC budget re1nains
functionally non-transparent. Nu1nerical values the UCOP and
the state provide as evidence supporting the need for budget
redu~tions ~e unclear at ~est. Given a simple understanding
of anthmetlc, one can easliy deduce the state funding sho,tfall
differs based on which report one reads. Digging through budget
publicatio1is can be fnistrating, tediotis, and disilhisioning due to
ever-changing values and estin1ations.In short, the budoet breakdown is not only conftising, but misleading in its presetttatio11
TI1ereality of the n1atteris that numbers can be easily changed
and arranged (whether purposefully or unconsciollSly)in order to
supplement the aigu1nent that the ad1ninistration needs to justify
its actions. Although budget cuts are visibly evident, the 1nanner
in which cuts are managed can be wholly exploited to meet the
a,genda(s) of the personalities and forces that direct this university
(1e.the regents & the ad1ninistration). While the motivation and
co,isciotisness held by those in chaige n1aybe unclear, the disconnection between their priorities and the reality of the situation
for those of us painfully hnpacted by these cuts is devastatingly
obv1otis: those at the botto1nsuffer the ,nost, while those at the
top Jaigely "suffer" pain vicariotisly through sy,npathy rather
than meaningful losses.

How the University Plays Out
As well demonstrated by the a,ticle ''Welcon1eto the Machine"
(page 4), the university as ai1entity is co,isiderably difficult to de-

scribe. TI1etautology stuToundingbudget issues co,npounds these
difficulties even further. UCOP 1nixesits use of antiseptic words
like ''shortfall" with words that conjure dramatic ilnages like

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

27

"crisis" --the former to oll,cure pernicious ilnpacts and the latter
to justify cuts. And indeed, while there is a crisis of state funding
for the UC, about 30% of the $1.15 billion shortfall does not directly involve the state. Beyond the non-phenomenal contraction
in state funding, there is a whole history of misn1anagen1entand
a Jack of foresight that also accounts for our current situation. As
ad1ninistrators'salalies continue to lise --well documented over
the past several years-- their inability or refusal to equitably manage and distlibute the UC's resources has greater consequences
for those who attend, staff and teach at the UC. This too is well
de1nonstrated by the afore1nentionedAFSCME 3299 contract
battle, where ad1ninistratorsand regents failed to perceive 'living
wages' as a necessity to an educational institution's sustained
functions. It is us-students , workers and educators-whose
needs and roles should form the foundation guiding the university's spending and planning.

UC Rhetoric
While AFSCME 3299 continues to stniggle for so1ne no1ninal
level of transparency throngh year old public records requests and
what should be an unnecessary lawsuit issued last July, the rhetolic the UCOP continues to abuse is ironically 1noreapparent. TI1e
UCOP and regents expect umull,tantiated nun1bersto be tnJSted
and disregard healthy cliticis111of their actions. More importantly,
we are expected to tnJSt the conclusion drawn fro1nthis shoddy
book-keeping as simple fact, rather than opinion. The UCOP may
invite people to provide insight and alternatives, yet these shared
thoughts 1nl1Stconfine theniselves to the UCOP 's basic logic.
However, it is this 'basic logic' that guides decision-1nakingat
the top of the UC-and has landed us in this "crisis". TI1isveiled
1nessaging incites natural cuiiosity a1nongskeptics, but largely
subdues the 1najolity of the population fro1n understanding their
place as stakeholders.
The approach the administration has taken in respo1iseto budget reductions, in itself, follo-wsa path re111arkably
linear and
ineffective in resolving the situatio11It is this hierarchical thrlJSt
downward, with each step down cutting blindly without a greater
perspective, that defines the dishonesty of the UC, regardless
of the presence of honest individuals. Starting fro1nthe distant
throne room of the president and regents, cuts are passed down
the ad1ninistrativeladder. Each ad1ninistratorlooks downward
to cut, content with the knowledge of their own job security and
without an understanding of what their peers are cutting. To further blind ad1ninistrators, they naturally understand only parts of
the grand picture in which the president and the regents are basing decisions. Conclusions drawn by each ad1ninistratorindividually 1nay result in harlllful system-wide patterm. For instance,
with budget reduction deadlines quickly approaching, the dean of
each academic division sought to cut the peripheral edges of their
divisions without the realization that, co111bined
with the rest of
ca1npl1S,educational programs that students of color relied upon

28

were almost all universally and disproportionately cut. These
hierarchies established within the ad111inistrationof the UC help
support the divide created by histitutionalized racis1n.

Whose University?
The hierarchies of the UC, afore111entioned,
deeply connect the
vehis of the university with that of the budget cuts. TI1erelationship between administrators/regents and the rest of the university
retains this hierarchy beyond the silnple formality to establish a
sustained and working university. It is understood that ad1ninistrative tasks, such as structural and financial decisio11S,exist
and 1nl1Stbe addressed within a large complex unive1sitysystem.
Yet, the functional priolity of manage1nentis Jost in our current
syste1n.
The austere beauty, the legacy, and the function of the UC relies
not chiefly on the adininistrators or regents. Nay, the fundamental
purpose of the educational histitution is to provide the in1plied
quality education. Thus, priorities therein and n1anagement
of such nnJStrely on an w1derstanding of the true stn1cture of
education P1i1narily,students retain their 1ight to education and
all other inherit necessities that enable it. As a logical corollary,
those that directly enable the existence of the educational environn1ent establish a necessary mandate. Without educators and
workers that 1naintainthe basic functions of ca1npus, no education or research
..,.._r.
would be possible.

Finally, ad1ninistrators/regents
co1npose a tertiary layer, neither
directly involved
with the day to day
function of education nor designed
to be the primary
benefactors of the
educational directive. Albeit the
case for administrators can be
1nade, that a body
without a head cannot function, such
analogies remain
dissonant from the
tntth: the prhnary
and secondary tier are directly ca11Salin the creation of adininistrative tasks and mlJStexist in order to fulfill education physically.
In short, the 1nandateof education, within the definition of the
university, overwhelnis and diff11Sescurrent com1pted notions
that establish high n1arketsalaries and job security for ad1nin-

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

istrators alone. It is clear that administrative choices inflicting
greater dan1ageupon students, workers, and educators, relative
to the1nselves, are blatantly paradoxical to education. Despite
the fact that individual students are temporary residents of the
tulive1sitysystem, the co1nbinedforces of students, workers, and
educato1s create the dominant u1liversitypopulous best defined as
thQ<lewith an inunediate stake in the well being of the university,
or stakeholders. Although stakeholders may not currently hold a
defiant and powerful treatise of it's own, it is clear that such an
aigu111ent,if unadulterated, would differ suootantially from that of
ad1nillistratio11
and regents.

Organizing Stakeholders
There are divisions among stakeholders. There are different
groups of workers, different echelons of educato1s, and different identities of students. Each group of stakeholders holds their
own history, their own understanding of the ilnplication.sof
budget cuts, and their own tactics which they 1nay feel comfortable e1nploying. Despite atte1nptsto forge solidarity and coalitions, success of such has been li1nited.Currently, it seems many
groups prefer to retain auto1101nyin order to better qualify their
individual concerns. Despite these necessary concenl5 of autono1ny, an understanding as a broad coalition must coalesce to
foige an equitable unive1sitysystem 111efunda1nentalproblenis
of the UC will not be changed otheIWise:institutionalized racis111,
corporatization, poverty wages, and budgetary threats will not be
abolished without a serious conceited effort. To seek change in
one aspect 111ea1l5
a syste1n wide revolution of the UC.
Despite difficulties and beyond necessity, there is an even more
powerful 1notivatio11
for solidarity we all suffer tu1derthe
divisive priorities set at the top. But, we are the u1liversity, and
our collective will can change it. Whether it's crisis or shortfalls
that characterize the budget, there is no good exctl5e for gutting
progralll5, creating inequality and cleaiing opporttmities, especially as stakeholders continue to be 1naiginalized.Admi1listrative
priorities, their lucrative salaries, their co111fortable
job security
all co1neat the expe11.5e
of stakeholders as a result of the flawed
prevailing notion that the structure and llierarchy of the UC, as it
stands. is necessary and natural.
Tactics will change and adapt as the tmion of stakeholders
diversify. Hopefully tllis article 111ay
guide unified stakeholders
to retain a strategy and consistent voice calling for the systen1ic
overhaul of the UC aniong ever evolving den1ands.Ftuthennore.
it may be of suootance to acknowledge that the value of higher
education and the value of the economy created by the UC can be
clearly den1onstratedwithout the harmful 011.5Jaught
for u1liversity
prestige alone. The inherent value of public education and free
acade1nic research that the UC creates is worthwhile on its' own
accord.

The Struggle Within
The terlll5 exploited by the administration, perhaps unknowingly, in its description of the budget, disar1n individuals fighting
for education. The numbers med by ad1ninistratorscan 1nake
se1l5e,but the difficulties of working to fix the budget witllin
such tenns 1nissesthe point. A paradox is fonned in the process,
in which personal values of education and hun1an 1ights are cast
aside by the iln1ne1l5eco1nplexity and futility of fighting budget
cuts in order to understand and work in unison with adn1inistrators to balance the budget. In other words, two opJ)Q<led
groups
of victims fonn: thQ<lestakeholders that understand the paradox
and refuse to succun1b to it, and thQ<lethat see the other group as
unwilling to con1promiseand understand the devastation of the
budget "crisis" and the failing economy. The problem is that both
groups have important points. Con1promiseis sometilnes a valuable tool for affecting change and opening 1ninds.yet it is equally
i111portant
that we not be blindsided by slliny numbers and submit
to the status quo. The funda1nentalissue is not 11u1nbers or individual pe1sonalities,but the overall structure of the university!
Thus, the fight to oiganize arotmd is the com1pt system, yet still
be wary of tactics and ideologies carried by individuals that 1nay
halt progress.

Stand Up or Fall Down
Adn1ittedly,it seelll5 counterproductive to fight the logic of budget cuts when the existing rhetoric of thQ<lein office overpowers
the voice for change. Using the rhetoric and numbers fron1the
perspective of adn1illistrationand regents, it is abundantly clear
that bz udget cuts are necessary. To protest and cause disn1ption may seem foolish and mute in se1l5iblelanguage. However
protest and disn1ption are only tools to aigue and deny the "truth"
of tllis rhetoric. It is to defy the logic that tilings are set in stone,
not to deny the presible existence of financial woes. It is to defy
continued unde1nocraticfon1is of goven1ance and continued support for the disconnected individuals at the top.
We are on the precipice looking down towards potential ruin. If
we are to avoid tllis and ifwe seek a future brighter than that of
wllich the budget cuts offer us, we 1nustdefy thQ<lethat tell us to
leap in faith to the fatal depths that they have created.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

29

The UC creates education as a cornn1odityand shapes itself
to resernble a for-profitcorporate structure. It defines itself
through expansion and brand influence, better known as
'acadernic prestige'. The UC is supposed to function as an
institution of education and research in the public interest.
However, this public interest is in tension with its reliance
on private economic interests for financial support. Private
and rnilitary funding run deep within the university and
ultimately fonn the rnotivationand foundation for the management of the university. Rather than a bastion of education, the UC is a site of corporatization.
Regents' and administrators' decisions follow a
predictable pattern, an enforcernent of their fla\veddogrna
that the UC's capital interests fonn an educational bedrock. Capital investrnentand expansion direct the course of
university spending and dernand precedence over quality
education. For instance, the UCSC administration, while expanding in upper carnpus (see
LRDP) and Silicon Valley, continues to
repress the formation of an ethnic studies
departrnent despite decades of outcry
frorn students. The capital sourced
frorn contracts, grants and donations
frorn co1poratesources and 1nilitary
interests ernpowers the administration
to further promote these projects. Furthennore, these funding sources motivate regents and administrators to cater
to corporate research. However, such
capital interests contradict the basic nature
of free acadernic inquiry; they lead to biased
managernentand subjective research goals. It
fundamentally undennines what Noam Cho1nsky
describes as the "free floating intellectual," acadernics that
"rnay occupy [themselves] with problerns because of their
inherent interest or i1nportance, perhaps to little effect." An
invaluable part of the mechanics of education.
In continuity with their dogma, the UC conducts
the business of education to produce a comrnodity. Consequently, the UC produces ready individuals to join the
corporate workforce. Although presently such employment 1naybe beneficial for individual survival, it produces

30

a profound effect on the other end: a blind prornotion of
ethically reprehensible industries. For exarnple, one rnay
study bioengineering si1nplydue to the intrigue biology
rnay inspire, however this can easily contort to the creation
of invasive rnonocultures under the banner of progress at
the Monsanto corporation. Lin1itedopportunities for the application of bioengineering results from the manufactured
comrnodificationof the field, packaged for existing corporate entities. The cornrnodificationof education also creates
the need to produce sornething specifically "useful", dividing education into 'practical' and ' i1npractical'pursuits,
such as studies into physics as opposed to literature. The
divide we see both deteriorates the 'irnpractical' pursuits
by dissolving funding & reducing its' rnarket value, while
'practical' pursuits retain or gain funding at the cost of corporate manipulation. In short, the philosophy of pedagogy
is not sirnply challenged by UC dogn1a, but authoritatively
adulterated into cornrnodity without consent.
Corporatization redirects the normal functions of educational institutions in order to
capitulate to corporate influence. The UC
brand retains high recognition, largely as
a function of corporate influence, through
unnecessary university expenditures.
These include exorbitant spending for
executives, renowned professors, and
'practical' research, rather than spending on qualities that develop individuals
and maintain educational spaces, such
as retention centers and departments like
co1nn1unitystudies. Instances, such as state
budget cuts (see page 25), aid this process
by rernoving 'unnecessary' prograrns and
organizations and replace them with interests that
benefit corporations, such as British Petroleurn's energy
research or Novartis' pharmaceutical pursuits.
We are unwilling consumers of corporate education. The ad1ninistrationonly acknowledges our concerns
as long as they don't challenge the fundarnentalUC structure. As consurners, our concerns and history rernain irnrnaterial to the UC machine. However, this brutal contrivance
rnust not remain unchallenged. Dissent n1ustexist in spite
of squelching.

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1




Li~es of Regret, Degredation, and Pollution;
an Expose
DISCLAIMER:

This article should
be a book. There is no way to analyze this expausion
process without exteiic;ive details and concrete examples.
To make this reader-friendly , we have sacrificed inany
details, exainples and perspectives in order to present a
brief introduction to a coinplex, inisunderstood, inaccessible and interconnected issue. We will provide most
of our research in citation fonn at the end of this aiticle.
Use it! Ann yourselves with knowledge for the coining
resistance!

What do you we mean by
Long Range Development?
-

-approved in Septeinber 2006 by the UC Regents--is the
prospective general plan for the physical expausion of the
UCSC cain1)1Jsto accoinmodate an increase in student
en.rolhnent. The LRDP's approval has paved the way for
the constn1ction of 120 acres of previously lU1developed
(though certainly not undisturbed) land on upper cainpll'>;85 acres of which will be ilnpenetrable surface ( aka .
concrete). Enrolhnent is expectecfto increase by 4 ,500
students, bringing UC SC's undergraduate population to
19,500 full-time students by 2020. The stated goal of
the LRDP is to expand UCSC's capacity for academic ,
research and professional prograins and
increase graduate student enrolhnent.
UCSC:
2005-2020LRDP
DEVELOPMENT
AREAS

)

What form does growth take?

When we walk around
·
l
""••~•-••--•-UCSC , College 9 and 10 for ex7s,..-,
::=:::=.:.":.'!;,;;~..
The LRDP is an "e nvelope " for
ample , its easy to forget that these
~
\, =-=-._-_-_
...
_...
_~_,.
____ __, irowth, ineaning that it sets the outer
new , moden1 buildings are preced=:::i
,
;,,..
1i1nits for projected growth at UCSC. It
ed by a long history--before fences
- ./
__~
_ ·-· fills over IOO pages with overviews of
went up and redwood trees were cut
,
plaiic; for the physical future of our camdown, before cen1ent was poured
__
pus. Along with the LRDP co1ne many
ai1d set. The processes wluch n1ade
;;.,.;,.:= other documents ; especially important is
way for these constructiom have
:
the Enviroiunental I1npact Report (EIR) ,
not only enviro111nental/ecological
-::- ·
~-which addresses so1ne of the impacts
ramifications , but also spill into
_ . ,-this expamion entails. The EIR IS a 900
budgeta1y and imtitutional spheres,
··-- \~
page analysis addressing how expansion
ultimately controlling the distribu._.,_
\.
would ilnpact the environ1nent, includtion of resources at UC SC.
·--·
--::.:::ing air and water quality , impacts to flora
The Co llege 9/10 buildings
- -..--·and fauna, and co1ninu11ity changes like
haven't been around forever, and
: ~::=
..traffic and housing. The way in which
neither has UCSC. This uitiver• ~-··-the EIR addresses environinent ai1d
sity changes each year, so1neti111es
~- ..-- ··infrastructure is insufficient and does not
radically, and growth is a inajor
.: :_~
guarantee the mitigation of future envipart of that change. This is not the
- ·-·-··ro1unental impacts. These insufficiencies
kind of growth we see in the forest ,
. _,._
have sigitificant coiic;equences for our
but an ilifrastructural growth that is
-- ..-~..
acadeinic and local corrununities; they
malleable to changing educational
: -_::.-·
obstn1ct our ability to learn ai1d create at
S;YStems,scientific research instituz=:..-:.-:z=----J
a University in the forest.
ttoiic; and the invest1ne11tplans of
Beyond these shortcomings, neilarger infrastn1ctures.
ther the LRDP nor the EIR include analyAnd so, the history of campus development is
sis of a number of 1najor ele1nents of UC life. In fact,
paralleled by histories of resistance. There are those who
NO'IIDNG of the process for approviltg exprutsio11
have stniggled to defend the beauty and uniqueness of a
directly or thorougblY- addresses om· acade111ic experivulnerabfe habitat and the scarce resources of Santa Cruz
e11ce, the eco11on1ics of exp:uisio11, and tlte n1ainte11:u1ce
County: students who have tried to stake out a space for
of c:u111>usiltfrastructure as a wltole. There seems to
their educational aspirations; faculty and staff co1runitted
be no clear understanding of the interdependency of all
to their work but often undercut by the administration 's
these ele111entsand systeins which 1nake up UCSC and the
prio1ities; Sai1ta Cruz residents who have folight tireless
environment of which it is a part. The ap_proval of each
legal battles with the UC.
new phase of the LRDP gives the admilustration authority to cariy out expansion, but in light of this interconnectedness , what 's actually being approved isn't even a
But wait, What is the LRDP?
plai1 at all. Furthermore , there are 110safeguards to see
The UCSC 2005 Long Range Develop111ent Planthat the admi11istration pairs co1tstruction with efforts to
'

~C>fl\1t,e,t0;,.,_,,.,h~(tll1'>!1IXIO'AO

=-

1)isorientation ffiuibe 2009~ to

31

1naintain what is already here : a tu1ique catnpus culture
at1d acade1nic quality, a delicate redwood ecosystem, and
a th1iving comtnunity. Even the UCSC se wer syste1n is
under-1naintained, yet it too continues to expand even
as it falls apart. If we lea111anything fro1n the history of
UC exl?ans1011,we shoulcl kJ1ow that the Rege11ts and
acl1uilustratio11 will 11ot con1pletely fuffi.ll tl1eir 1uissio11
staten1e11ts but will conti11ue tl1eir efforts at substantial
downsizil1g of stude11t ru1d acaclen1ic programs
recklessly unsustamable use of resources.

ru1d

So ...how does this growth happen?
These massive docu1nent'S grow out of Chat1cellor-appointed/ Jlanning co1nmittees, the UC Regent s, their
enviro111nenta lawyers and councils, and the occasional
LRDP /EIR public hearing. After the council receives
public co1n1nent, they go back and revise the EIR, oste11">iblyto fit the concerns voiced by various parties.
Their latiguage, however , is vague and offers no ta1igible
1nitigatio_ns or languag_e bindhig the ad1ninisti:ation to
co1nmu1uty concerns.~n fact , tr1ere are many 1nstat1ces
within the EIR where, though it is noted that the environment
will be greatly affected in a given way, 1nitigation will be pursued
only ''when fea">ible"(2005 EIR), 1nakingan already narrow and
shallow co1nmit1nentto the legacy ofUCSC and its surroundings
even less 1neaningfula'S it is entirely unenforceable.
This is of great concern to us. TI1osein charge of approving and directing expansion are not accountable in the
ways many people assun1e the1n to be. Despite the htmdreds

of conceni.sexpressed at EIR heatings, the articles written in
respo1i.seto the LRDP planning process, 1nanyof the concerrn
have not been confronted since 1999 and there's no rea">onto
believe they will be any tin1esoon (Meister's Thesis, VIII). These
concerns are serious and identify Long Range expansion's great
political, ecological and acade111ic
significance for the co1n1nunities it affects.

Let's break it down.
The LRDP does NOT
address existing or future
acaden1ic and economic infrastructure or the n1aintenance
thereto. NOR does it contain
adequate and concrete plans
for dealing with environn1ental ilnpacts that result front
growth. It does NOT bind the
ad1ninistration to expanding iii a responsible n1anner.
However, once approved, it
gives a 1nandate for expansion
regardless of these shortcon1i11gs.

32

Environmental Effects:
So, the LRDP and EIR do address environn1entalitnpacts, but they are deeply flawed, incomplete, and non-binding.
They describe 1nany of the catastrophes that will accon1pany
expa1i.sion,but leave out a great many 1nore,and in no way hold
the University accotmtable for dealing with these effects. Let us
start with the illtl'>ionof the "Green" 1nove1nent(see Environ1nentalism as Green Co1i.sumeris1n
article). The UC hopped on
the "Green" band-wagon in 2007 when they signed the "American College and University Presidents Clhnate Com1uitinents"
(www.presidentsclitnateconunitment.org/). This requires them
to abide by the U.S. Green Building Council's I .ERi > "Silver
Standard"; in turn,
they qualify for state
SidebarA: Heruy
Cowell
logged
acresoftheredwood
and local govemforests forlime kilnsreforehe soldthe "devalued
"
1nentinitiatives and
=nd growthforeststo UCSC.Thecurren
t forestis
1narketing exposure
nowvulnerableto furtherdestruction
Asa resull we
so long a'S they build
havetheLRDPa
nditsmanycertificationsf
orC011struc
"Green" (whatever
tion,including
whattheyliketocall"greenbuilding"
.
the fuck that 1nearn)
The fancynamefor"green"1s LEED(Leader•
(www.tl'>gbc.org
/leed)
shlp111EnergyandEnvironm
entalDesign)
. LEEDis
(**See Sidebar A* *).

oneof manymitigations;a little goldstar on top of
theUCreportcardthatdoesnotimmediate
ly r=s·
nize forestdestruction
or Sf€Cies
degradation
. It only
promisesreductions
in buildmgimpactsdisguise:!
rehind"green"vcx:
abulary, whlleat tl1esametime
supp:xting
corporatization
as a mecha111
sn1to sustain
educati011
The destruction
of the foresttcdayleadsto
a reconstruction
ofacademic
lifewithitscontradictory
valuesof environmentalprotection
andacadenlicintegrity andvalue. Theyarereplacing
eco-andeducational-systems
withcapitalist
-systems,
a largecycleof
destructionthatreceives
verylittlequest1011ing
or resistance
fromthepeoplewhoaredisempowered
byit

Also sitting atop the
"Green" band-wagon
is the "UC Policy for
Smtainable Practices and the Cli1nate
Action Co1npact,"
which contains the
"GHG (GreenHotl'>e
Gas) Reduction
Plan'' (www.epa.gov/
clitnatechange/ emissiorn/index.
html). The
UC wears these 'Green" certifications as a shiny Green
Badge of Courage, and the whole time, they are being paid
for by you, yes, you.and your steadily increa">ing
student
fees. Now these certifications, and 1nany 111ore,
are a lot
of official validation for so-called Stl'>tainableand environmentally friendly growth. But they reek with obvious
contradictiom.
First off, the develop1nentover the huge diversity of
vegetation and anitnal/i1i.sectspecies is a blatant, in your
face, violation of enviro111nentally
friendly constructio11
We would la;e a beautiful and valuable habitat with second
growth Redwoods, Douglas Firs, 111ixed
Evergree1i.s
, Dwarf
Redwoods and Hardwoods. Many of these species are on
the decline, like the Calyµ,o Orchid and the Doloff Cave
Spider in Porter Caves. And n1anyof the111
are on the verge
of extinction, like the Burrowing Owl, and Meadow Foa1n
which is one of only two populatio1i.sin the country (see list of

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

flora an fauna affected).
Secondly, as the population of Santa Cruz grows, there
will be 1norevehicle triµ5 and heavy traffic on already dense
streets. The CO2 e1nissionswill be incredible and will be a direct
violation of the 2009 California Enviro111nentalQuality Act
(http://ceres.ca.gov/ceqa/). The water strain on the City of Santa
Cn1z will also burden our quality of life as 571 MII J JON gallons
of water/year will be needed for 21,000 students (a little over the
pra;pective 11u111ber
of 19,500). Housing will not be sustainable
or affordable since landowners will take full advantage of the
high de1uand.The City could not hold the number of people suspected, eventually leading to overcrowding in homes and buses,
noise pollution, and increased co1nmutertraffic; The EIR itself
points out that 13 intersections will likely fail by 2020 (2005
EIR). What about all this is so "Green"?

I

I

I I

II II
1... ·•. II II
II

~

Ill

-

The "answer" could be found in the hundreds of pages
fro1nEIRs and legal battles between the UC and coalitions of
City, County, and CLUE (Coalition to Lhnit Unive1sity Expa1l5ion)that address all these issues. However, what we find
extre1nelyproble111aticis the vagueness and insufficiency with
which water, traffic and housing are addressed in the EIR. These
co1npliancesare also brought by the UC in cla;ed-door negotiations with the City while other issues lay hanging unaddressed
Currently, coalitio1l5,like the CWC, and the public are addressing issues of water and the soon-to-be East Ca1npu.sInfill project
(which we will discuss later), which forces the UC to establish
legithnacy in their plans. However, the people nnlSt stay on
their toes to fight the legal and political strategies of the UC
Machine.

Academic Quality:
Expansion brings with it all sorts of changes, and the
ca1npushas to adjust. But expansion is rapid here at UCSC, and
the fotu1datio1l5required to take on laiger enrollment are not
secured in advance. The overall result of this is the contraction
of academic life. As the campus expands, new demands are ptU
on it. But in the current 1uodel,resources do not expand at a suf-

ficient rate to 111eet
these new de1nands;it turn, this gap decreases
the value of existing acade1nic infra5tn1cture,further exacerbating
the shortages. Over decades of expa1l5ion,acade1nicsat UCSC
have changed to fit a new
1nodel, one which leaves beSidebax B: For eac h new student in
hind the priorities of UCSC's
the early 2(X)()s,UC received abcu t
founding vision. Today, this
half the average cost of educati ng its
vision has been replaced with
exi sting students . (Full tin1e enrolled
students received abcu t $880:J). Howthe necessity of churning out
ever. we have expe1ienced a significant
graduates and 111ake
way for
downttu11since then, which n1eans that
ever-larger incoming classes.
the averag e state expen ditt1re would
At its 1na;t basic,
drop a s well. Despite this, em·ollm ent
the contraction which accontinued and still con tinues to grow.
co1npaniesexpansion has
It seems that UC planners were awa re
to do with the budget. As
that more students would mean less
1norestudents are added,
1noney. yet continued to justify higher
the ca;t of educating the111
tuition s every year . We ca n see here
actually increases--this has
that UC expansion is intiica tely linked
with higher tuition , and les s funding
to do 111a;tlywith the choice
per per·son and student progra ms. (May
to divert resources from the
20J6 UCPB repo,t, "Cml'ent Trends
1naintenanceof the campus
and the Funu·e of the University of
as a whole in order to use
tha;e resources for expansion Califo111ia." p. 48)
instead. In addition, "a cam1>us'saverage state fmtdiug
per student declines with growth, and declines ma;t sharply on
the ca1npusesthat grow 111a;
t rapidly." (Meister, Eleven Theses
on Growth, p.1) In this model, enrollment expands fa5ter than
educational infrastructure. This creates the contraction (see
herbal abortions article) that has come to mark academic experience here.
In the midst of the shortages which acco1npany
expansion, the administration looks for new sources to fund the
basic components of undeigraduate education. This is part of
why we see
.increases 111
'
tuition on
the order
of7 and9
percent each
year. Tite
UC'sown
Plruuung
and Buclget
report
argues that
expruision
increases
tuition
while
decreasing
11rogramand per-student funding. (See **Sidebar B**) It was
suppa;ed to be free to attend UC! (See Welcome to the Machine

t\ilita~
...
WntOl'\E

TO

ucs
1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

33

article) Now, who can and can't attend is lai:gelycontrolled by
the significant coots of attendance and the depletion of resources
available to students as they try to work through their degrees.
Tuition has a definitive effect on what it means to be a student at
UCSC, who gets that privilege, and what purposes
their tilne here end5 up serving. 'I11eoverall effect
of increasing tuition is to displ11cethe cost of
education onto a private n1arketwhlcb increasingly defines tlte role of UCSC in our lives and
our society.
And still, with all these sac1ifices,
increasing tuition is not enough to 1nakeup for
the coots of expansion: TA-student and Facultystudent ratios continue to decrease, depleting the
very value of class-titne. Mai:ginalized progra1ns
are still cut each year (see The Budget Cuts
article): students have fewer places to turn for
acade1nicsupport and fewer depart1nentsin which
to build on their particular interests (an effect that
is con1poundedby the Con1petitivenessInitiative
featured in **Sidebar C**). 111isall goes back to
the type of expa11.5ion
UCSC is pursuing. The driving force behind UCSC acade1nicsbecomes "the need to graduSide bar C: In 2007, the Bush Administration created a new campaign to
increase invest!nents in research and development, to "sti·engthen" education and encourage entrepreneurship. The progra111is called the "American
Co111pe
titiveness Initiative"; it financially sectu·es science and reseai·ch-based
math lessons in public schools, starting with Kinderga1t en and continuing on until after high school. As pa,t of the program, $350 n1illion w01th of
grants ai·e allocated to high school graduates who wish to pursue research
in the physical science s and encouraged throughout their college career into
goveniment programs. Vie can see fron1 thi s Co111
petitiveness Initiative that
the govenune nt is feeding the Acadenlic-Milita1y-lndustiial-Complex
at the age of 5

ate the increa-;ingnu1nbersof freshmen who are already upon us
while still preserving the possibility that a diminishing number of
students can receive the kind of undei:graduateeducation UC has
traditionally pro1nisedunder the Master Pla11."( Meister, 7)
The basics of this process are complex and difficult
to sort through, but the bottom line for those of us interested in
pursuing an open acade1nicexperience while earning our degrees
is clea1~'I11estruggle over expansion is tlte struggle over our
academic life ltere a11dtlte role our University plays in our
lives a11din society as a wltole.

The Immediate Future:
As \Vestart this 2009 school year, son1e of rn around

Crown and Me1rill will hear loud noises every 1nonling around
8a1n.If you happen to be any of these unlucky people, you
would be happy to know that this is the sound of the Long Range

34

Development Plan in action The newest addition to the Plan is
the East Ca1npus Infill Project. TI1eProject conuuenced this past
July 2009 and will prospectively be co1npletedSeptember 2011.
The Project co11.5ists
of a parking lot, two main entry roads and
two 7-8 story apartn1entbuildings that will house
approxitnately 600 students. TI1esite will sit on
3. 1 acres of land between Crown College and
the Crown-Menil1Apart1nentsand is going to
be built in preparation for the 19,500 expected
students by 2011.
The East Ca1npusInfill Project had its EIR
public meeting on April 23, 2009. As I sat in the
EIR hearing, there were several and very disheartening cu1nulativeimpacts to the proposed Project.
So1neunavoidable ones are the construction noise
that will persist over the two-year pe1iod behind
Crown College (are you a 1nonlingperson?) and
the change in visual character of the lanoocape.
Son1especies will inevitably lose their ho1nes,
such as the nesting birds, bats, and the S.F. wood
rats. The increased traffic flow around Crown
College and the Apart1nentswill awkwardly block
access to the fire station by Menill College and there is no clear
picture of how vellicles are going to get fro1nCrown College.
Other 1najorenvirollll1entalin1pacts include the use of nonreusable resources, and da1nageto water and air quality. Finally,
there was a question about how this Project will be funded given
the astrono1nicalbudget cuts that have happened in the past yea1;
including the $350 nlillion cut the UC n1adeon July 1st, the coincidental sta1t date for the East Campus Infill Project (see Budget
Cuts article).
TI1esebuildings, roads and parking lot serves as the
in-your-face and moot recent exa1npleof the proposed LRDP.
As we can see, they are ridden \Vithflaws and vague nlitigatio11.5
that will destroy a valuable part of the forest and aid in the
degradation of our overall health as air-breathing ma1nmals.The
co11.5tn1ction
process has started, so the buildings seem inevitable,
but are they really? There ha-; been some active (and pa-;sive)
resistance to the LRDP in the past several years, especially in the
past year, wllich 1nearnthat resistance has no reason to stop.
References:
- lrdp1-esistan:,e.org
- '.!005 LRDP Offical Website- lrdp .ucsc .edu
- LRDP Environmental
hupact Report- h·dp.ucsc.edu/final-eir.
shun!
- Strategic Academic
Plan- planning.ucsc.edu/acadplan/docs/
AcadPlan.Feb08.
pdf
- ''Ten n s and Corrlitions . "oncantpus
growth
-"Eleven
Theses on G1·owth. "Bob Meister
-Ordinance
to Proniote Sustainab le Growth- ci.santa-cruz.ca.uc/
cc/election
-UCSC
Silicon Valley Initiativessvi .ucsc .edu/
-Bio-Info-Nano
Reseai·ch and Develop111en.t- bioi11fo1121.110.org
-En:langered
Spec ie s and Habitats- oatney.co ni /endangered_spe·
cies

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

1i?][;RtN1r'$V ~ 1r'lll-Ilt11<1tllDW VV 1lDTV~lt$1r'$ & 1rlll-Iltfil~
{'Alltl!Dllf<CfilNJ.RtE
1?~Vt::>'Rf:~]l['Rf:$

I

:::::&-?

-

is characterized by its s1nooth red/brown
peeling bark and its lighter green oval leaves. Manzanita has whitish pink flowers in the
spring that mature into small red/brown edible benies in the fall. The berries could be ground up and mixed
with water to fennent into a cider.The leaves can be used for a wide variety of medicinal rnes such as bladder problems, urinary tract proble1ns, headaches and sores. One type of Manzanita local to Boony Doon, the
Silver-Leaf Manzanita, qualifies for endangered species status.
H1.1d<leberr1.1-this woody evergreen shn1b has alternating dark green leaves that are thick and leathery. It has
sn1all bell shaped white flowers in the sp1ing that ripen into deep blue berries in the fall. Their berries are
delicious and can be rned for baking or fresh. A tea fron1the leaves is also a 1nedicinefor diabetes.
YerbiASiAl'ltiA-this tree grow up to 5ft tall and has many stalks out of a short trunk Leaves are lance
shaped, thick and sticky. It has soft lavender flowers that grow in clusters at the toll'>,The leaves can be
boiled into teas that aid in coughs, sore throats, and asth1na.A poultice fron1the leaves can be used for
cores while a strong tea can be used for sore lin1h'i.
Redwood--The redwood is certainly hard to miss fron1its height. It is the redidish brown
bark that gives the redwood its fire resistance quality. Redwooclsspread
their seed via cones or the roots of parent trees. Coastal Native Americans ade baskets fro1nthe root fibers. New
foilage, light green in color, can be used to treat
persistance lung infections, coughs and
colcls.
Pf1Al'lt1Air1--Considered
a widespread
weed, this s1nall plant can have
broad or narrow leaves with
fibrous threads running the length
of them. The plant has 1nany
- ~.::--~
....
~,..._
..i:"""'7
111edcinal
properties. It can
,~.n;_
be used exten1allyfor insect
bites, stings, bums and
cuts. The juice can be
6
used internally ( 1-2
tsp, 3x/day) for gastritis, ulcers and bladder problems.

D

MiAl'l2iAl'litiA-this woody shrub/tree

/

l

/

0

'f' I<11ITT
GI; ('I
"'I, ,e_t: ")

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

35

tlNIMAtS ()I Tl-I£ SANT,21
rnuzWOODS-

I(: I •
I , ')_ :'
1

f
1

Western Screecli Owl-- generally grey and wh ite, but someti1nes may be _,. _ l1
/ \~ '.. lj
reddish brown. :rhese owls hide in foliaoe fand then drop down on their ,
I.'
...,,..
• t::?,
(
prey. Their -pellets are comP,act, dark grey ovals composed of fur, feathers ,
p,~· ~
bones , teeth , and chitin. ,Ji~
are al1nost always in ,deciduous trees such
·· 1 ('f (\
I.
as oaks , cbttonwobds , 1naples, sycan1ores and large willows , but also ~~
~ · ·.; )1·t':
c<1:cti
, Dou g~ -fi1J:W,
"'ags ai!d junipers. It! ge~eral , the:x require open forests!".
K.·
with an abunclance of s1nall 1na111m
'als and insect p_rey. •
' ',: ~
_.

.
1' ·1',,1

'j ~•·,
:Y

}!t

1;¥~

1

(,oplier Sri~kes--thes~ nal<~ ourro_.
wtin the grouncl; using their head like a
l ;: ·
shovel, n1oving 'dut ~aloiig ,tlieir ~ oi ls unti}~they gain access to a1iother ani- ;~: ·,\ •,·. ~
tna!'s burrow. ~ 1~ili~ Y w illrij,?10, 2,!llller~i9r,,0a place t~ yJe ggs or keeP,
the tr eggs cool :..! n.tr inter , .po !1er. Snal<es}!ub"'eriiate , retreating to 90111munal dens , son1eti111ess haringl t~ la ir wit flrrattms nakes , whipsnakes or
racers. But in the •breeffing~ easou'lrinales yigo ro'usly defe 'iifl t l:iei r:"te'rrito, .,
ries against all co1npetitig1ii.ales.

.

1

,

,•

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!·· ·

\

1
M~rbled_M1.1~relets--.~hese are stnall , s ~~
winged seabirds,. ..yith wef?bed
feet , perfect !l,i#.5'aP.tedto Santai'G:ruz11\'\v1ro11111ent.
In the earlY,f1n"d"
ril111g
,
. , •f"'
·,·;•:< · ' 1 ~ •• •
~~~y fly tot,~ e~ ea'n to feed and"'retur~1l~t~ n the day. Th~y w~re first
: , , '.;
!Ill- ~- ·
!~il. ~
!=l
~ ov~ d 111Notth A.111er~ca
fa~-the B ~g Basin Sta~ ,~ark 11119::7
4, and
le_ss
. t11a1
~ ~0 ~ozen have 15e
"efrifound s1nc~.
old !~Wood groye that -IS tlireatep.ru oy rcargpus expans1011,
wh"&~ he Nfarbled ,Murrlet 1s thoug!1t to hve. ,- '
'

Tfi
~e),rra!l

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-~

~

"""-"~

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._

...





Western (,r~1.1S!11.1irrels
:: eat and obtain their acorns by gathering or 1robbing ,acorn woodpeckers .lin autumn , they
gather ano otiiy~ l~~ -orn in a 3-incll oeep hole. The squirrellat er,r~ iev es th~ c!5"
r1is]? y, s1nell, but often they
lbs~t l)t:tp; 'Yilith")!felP,s,the oak forest gr~~ and spread. The ~squirreis !l1se ·theJTi~\1S~:i_,ffi:
ilta's a blanket on cold
~1glits,#' ncI\oj,:1' lan_ce U~ 1~ lves ·as they leap from tree to tree :fi ffis s afe?. f<;>
r them in tlie trees; their predators l1SUallyfcatclftii e1n1on the grouncl;.
;

(o~ote-- these1P
aclaptable .animals can ~ h&nge their breeding habits ,
diet and sqcial dyna1nics 1ti>!1 rviv e"in a wi?e variety of habitats.
They trav~l over their ra:'rl'g
e and hunt ·ooth clay and night. :fhey
1nate in ~ b11a1yand dig l den under a tree , stu111p, rock , or in a
blISh'.""
A,P,aiyP f,adult cototes with young 1nay have a territo1y with
a dia1ne tc!riof 'about 30 n1iles. T.h~~~mark this territory by urinating
and leaving the ir scat in1r.laint te~w on main trails for1other coyotes
to see. This •sti t!is eas'YJtofrecogniz e as -it•looks like hairy gray dog
droppin gs .
A.t"',;,,.
...



,lir1ir19_ro
cil\sP.e
·~-

.

P,se
corpion
,.
Red-leg ed•Frog
r

36

B tnTo~ing @~ r-

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

~1
C
~ er
d
II At around four in the 1noming on Nove1nber7th, 2007, bleary-eyed UCSC
1'l. CJ.lg allle 1'l. 0pi e1·...ad1ninistrators
dragged theniselves from their beds after a curious phone

II
"======"""'=====""====""=======""call.

So1nethingwas afoot on Science Hill.
While they'd been slu1nbering,the first direct action resistance to the UC's plan<;to expand in Santa Cn1z had been launched in the
fonn of a tree sit, which became the 1nootpublic and radical resistance 1novement agai1istthe LRDP. After four hundred people rallied
and forcefully took over an autonon1ousspace at the base of the tree sit, the 1nove1nenthad a111azing
potential to galvanize and radicalize
everyone from enviro11111entalists
to political theorists. And it did...to a degree.
As 1nen1bersof the SC co1n1nu11ity,
we oppose the LRDP. We oppooe it for its direct effects on the envirorunent and ecology, on
stn1ctural and i1istitutionalprocesses, bureaucratic bullsllit, and on our collllnunity and educational experience. Reflecting on all this,
we feel it co1l'ltn1ctiveto share our critique of the tree sit as an act of resistance that accomplished a lot, but ulthnately did not go far
enough in the stn1ggle agai1l'ltUCSC's continued expa1isio11.
Our n1ai11
concen1with tllis move1nentis that it had no long-tenn strategy
for building solidarity acroos divided commu11ities,wllich we feel will be necessary if the next decade of expansion is to be countered. It
also left out and isolated certain folks essential to long-term resistance. \Ve write this to e111phasizethe i111po1tance
of "ca111
paig11building". Direct action needs the foundation of a comprehensive "ca1npaig11"to build solidarity and resistance to UCSC's bttllshit, rather
than the other way around.
Let's be clear: before the tree sit, public discussion on the LRDPwas li1nitedto the bureaucratic terrain allowed for by UC lawyers
and adn1inistratio11
, and had neither the intention nor the capacity to build a social n1ovement.Oppooitionto expansion had little political
efficacy, as the UC do1ninatedthe playing-field. It lacked active outreach and education -- nobody really heard, let alone cared, about
the LRDP until the tree sit. This is why we 1ntistrecognize the tree sit as a valuable political action
;gfcfenofe:Yu
sflool<attne----~
The sit exposed the UC's priorities and sparked awareness and radical perspectives 011-ca111ptis
(see
:administration's militarized :Siclenote).These disctission.saddressed the political controversy over expansion, and questioned the nature
:response: the violence and
:of UC itself. These discussio1l'lare vital for building resistance to UC public relation.<;and their undemo: squandering of resources it en- :cratic processes. TI1eproblen1with these disctission.sin the co1istn1ctio11
of tllis short-lived resistance was
: tailed111the na1neof maintain- :who was turned off or left out and why, and what was missing in the building of a resistance 1noven1ent.
:1ng control and purslllngits :
Two main points come to 1nincl:the need to build a broader "campaign" and the fragility of security
nd
:hihghly
unpopf
ular a totally :culture. Firstly, before the tree sit sprang up, there was 1ninhnal outreach and education Moot every com1
', s______________________
ttty Pans or expansion.
'
·ty 111
· Santa Cn1zisa
· dverseyauec
I "' tedb y UCSC' sexpans1011,a11
·
d eac10
I f us cot lid I1avebeenmutu ally
,1nu1u
vital elements in a long-tern1resistance, but building alliances with other coalitio1l'lon ca1npuswas not a priority. The organizers of the
2007 Student of Color Conference (SOCC), after a year pre-planning for their event, were continuously disturbed by "tree sit supporters", who either stole food or asked for donations at the Conference. We understand this as a perpetuation
of institutional racis1n (white fucking supremacy!) whereby a 1nootlywllite, 1niddle class, envionunental
1nove1nentdo1ninatesthe spaces of other stn1ggles. Direct action is 1nast effective as the expression of a
1nass n1ovement.The tree-sit's focus on auto1101nyover coalition-building marginalized students of color
and failed to effectively challenge the syste111of racial don1inationand control. The autono111otJS
actors who
atten1ptedto overturn tllis structure ironically reinforced it.
Secondly, there is security culture. We understand that it is itnportant for some individuals to protect
their identities out of legal, social, or political necessity. The style of security culture practiced at the trees it, however, Jed to a lack of transparency and an atomsphere of intimidation, often blocking discourse and
the potential for solidarity. Sharing infonnat ion about the LRDP was difficult -- only a s111allan1ount of
people re1nainedstationary at the auto1101nouszone, and they were largely unapproachable. The autono- ~·,_,•--,,"!
111ous
zone was an a111azing
space to share valuable information, but was unfo1tunately left d1y.We etnphasize this to reiterate our point about the i111portance
of "ca1npaig11ing
", and to question the a1nountof energy
that cottld have been spent on building a broad resistance move111entover an excltisive enviro1llllent.
Let's step back for a 11101nent
to emphasize the future. We have lea1ned fro111
the tree sit, but the LRDP
continues. What's in store for the next ten years? Well, they' ve already cut down the trees for the Bio-Nano-Info-Tech Facility (Decen1ber 2008), and the East Campus Infill Apartments started this past July (2009). TI1etree sit has not stopped expansion, but it has changed
the gan1e. How shall we statt again? Do we still want to save the forest? We are fighting against one of the 111oot
powerful institutions
in the world; we need to be on our toes. This fight will take 1noreresearch, "campaigning," coalition building, and stn1ggle if we are to
stand against the latest slam the UC pulls.
We w1ite this Jetter in opposition to the LRDP, and to the nature of the UC's institutionalized, undemocratic bullshits. We write in
solidarity to understand and better revolutionize social 1noven1ents, to question and topple all our collllnon ene111ies
: eco-destn1ctio11,
corporatization, 1nilitarization, and all the syste1nsthat enforce the111.
There is room for a wide array of tactics in that u1lity,and roo111
for
criticism and differences; tllis is our base again.stexpansion, don1inationand control -- a fertile resistance.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

37

Envi1"onmentalism as Globalized Consume1"ism
Athough environ1nentalists
continually 1noralize about
society's hypocrisy and in·esponsibility toward the planet,
the fact is that n1ait1Stream
envirorunentalism do1ninates
consumer culture, directly
shapes conte1nporaiy lifestyle, and has e1neiged as a
powerful moralizing project.
To be green is to be virtuous,
respo11Sible,if not holy. Public discouISe is unde1pi1111ed
by green values, and for politicians 'hel ping to save the
planet' has beco1nea hot-button issue. Most itnpo1tantly,
capitalist society appeaIS to
be restn1cturing according to
an environmentalist in1perative. I will address the question: Why has capitalism co111e
to e1nbrace the ethos of sustainability, when as an eco110111ic
system it has
always been characterized by its co1nmit1nentto raise productivity
and expand production? Finally, I will address the consequences
of green capitalism including the depoliticization and privatization
of the envirorunent. I will aigue that green capitalism undennines
the realization of concrete solutions to current environ1nentalproblems.
In an atten1ptto n1akesense of what drives the ascendancy
of Green Capitalism, Jan1esHeartfield aigues in his essay that the
outward expression of anti-co11Surueris111
tends to coexist with a
new obsessive fixation on that act of co11Sumption.So although
green co11Su111eris1u
appeaISto represent a rejection of materialism,
in practice it is no less preoccupiedwith buying things than are those
brand j unkies chasing the latest fashionable product. Aiguably, as
Heaitfield in1plies,shopping n1ea11S
1noreto green consun1e1Sthan
it does to the shallow brand-fixated consumers they so despise1•
For a start, green co11St1111e1S
imagine that their purchases are meaningful ethical acts. Ethical shopping flatteIS us into believing that
our everyday buying is actually doing good. Such ethical transactio11Srepresent a fonn of status affinnation. And as is the case with
all fonns of status affinnation, these green shopping habits are acts
of social den1arcation. " Through adopting the identity of an ethical
shopper, someone who cares and who reflects on what they purchase, green co11Sumersare self-co11Sciouslymarking the1nselves
off from their moral, and incidentally their soc ial, inferioIS," ar-

By Olive Oil

gues Heartfield. Their
denunciation of their fellow hu111anbeings who
wear cheap polyester
clothes and eat fat ridden
fast food is a moden1-day
veISion of the paten1alistic lectures n1ade by the
Victorian
do-gooders
and by elite n1en1bersof
the aristocracy for centuries. Purchasing green
has essentially beco1ne
an indicator of wealth,
shrouded under a grand
package of classis1n and
n1orality.
Ironically,
green
protest against C0!1SUn1eris111doesn't represent
the rejection of consu1nptio11,but rather its moralization. From a
sociological perspective, green consumption can be seen as a new
fonn of co11Spicuous
co11Su111ption.
This is consu111ption
for effect.
Consumption apparently nuISt no longer be an in1pulsive act of
buying - rather it has become a massively over-analyzed experience, and both a n1oralstatement and an affinuation of status and
identity. Heartfield aigues that in the nineteenth century, theories
of co1n1nodityfetishisn1noted the growing tendency for people to
live through things - comtnodities appeared to acquire a life of
their own through the working of the 1narket. In the world of green
co11Sumeris111,
the fetish of conuuodities acquires an unprecedented
significance. Things are assigned human and ethical significance.
Thus we have the stigmatization of certain products as 'evil' and
the rendering of other products as 'e thical '1•
We live in an 'eco110111y
of wasting time' , where resources
are devoted to initiatives that 1nakelittle se11Seexcept as rituals of
ethical intent, such as recycling. It appears that the cannier capitalists figured out that scarcity increases price and n1anufacturing
scarcity can increase retu111S.As a result, capitalists have reaped
the benefits of manufacturing scarcity, turning the hnpending environmental c1isis into a profitable econonlic opportunity.
Today, what is 1noststriking is not si111plythe rise of the
celebration of scarcity, but the growing tendency to conunodify every aspect of life. Under the banner of green capitalism, more and
n1ore features of econonlic life are being reorganized and restn1ctured Everything fro1nthe entission of carbon to the air we breathe

I

38

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

to the water we drink has been transformed into a commodity. Arguments for protecting nature are really a demand for the gradual
securitization of the enviro1unent. Powerful forces hisist on transfonning every object of poosible tJSeinto a value, in an attempt to
subject the1nall to the influence of n1arket transactio1is. The capitalist i1nperativefor growth calls for the exploitation of eve1ything
and anything potentially profitable for the sake of btJSiness. The
envirorunent is sitnply another avenue for capitalist profiteering.

r==------

- - -- = ---------------,

As a result of this capitalist restructuring, the enviro1unent

becon1es a question of lifestyle, it is depoliticized; it becomes a
private 1natter, son1ethingthat people feel they are helping in their
daily lives, even though their daily lives have changed little, and
even though social and economic relations destructive to the enviro1unent ren1ain ftmda1nentally intact. This capitalist restructuring allows for the greatest 1najo1ityof people to participate in the
decision-making process by way of voting with their credit cards.
But purchasing power is a trifling, inconsequential 1neans of participating in decision-1naking process. It accon1plishesnothing in the
grand schen1eof things and instills in the constuner a false sense of
personal righteotJSness.
In her examination of environ1nental privatization and
fantlly values, Catriona Sandilands argues that green co1isumerism is, actually, an oxymoron. "If the adjective "green" has any
meaning at all, it includes reference to the systemic problenis of
over-production and over-constunption; the point of a "green"
politics s hould be to show how consume1is 1n is, itself, part of the
problem''3. The itnplications of this stance are potentially wideranging; at the very least, however, "green" tneans consutning less
for the affluent, not j tJSt consuming differently. Ironically, perhaps,
the creation of these new green conunodities n1ayeven exacerbate
the problem; they represent an expanding tnarket in a depressed

economy, a space for the development of new products to keep
overproduction and overconsumption alive.
Envirorunentalism is not sitnply a question of personal
change; reducing, rell5ing, recycling, and buying green products
are not, in our current context, political activities. At best, Sandilands rightly assetts, such isolated actions forestall the inevitability
of radical change to socio-environtnental relations; at worst, these
actions, however well-intentioned, are part of the probletn. The
privatization of envirorunental change shifts the burden of responsibility onto individuals and hoU5eholds, and away from
states, corporations, and global political arrangements. The
privatization of envirorunental change undermines both collective and individual resistance; it turm politics into actions such
as squashing cans; tnorality into not buying over-packaged
food ite1m; and, envirorunental consciousness into carrying
your own canvas bags to the grocery store. None of these actions challenge the capitalist imperative for continued growth!
None of these actions makes public or co-operative the process
of ecological restoration. None of these actions provoke serious examination of the social relations and structures that have
bronght about our current crisis. Rather, the idea that these actions are part of 'savi ng the earth" wouldseem to tum attention
away frotn subversive, collective, or public solutions4 • Indeed,
the imagined effect of green cotistuner purchases n1asks real
environmental solutio1isunder the false prete1isethat co1isumer
choices will ultitnately save u.s fro1nenvironmental disaster.
Envirorunental politics are not, and cannot be, sitnply a
question of lifestyle. Yet they are fast beco1ning entrenched in the
private sphere; indeed, they are taking the shape of a progressively
n1oreintnJSive 1noral code at the expense of stJStained political critique. Green productssell a lifestyle that is described by s uch words
as "respo1isibility", and that includes such activities as reducing,
retJSing and recycling. Although these latter actio1is111
ight at least
tnake people think about the legacy of overco1istunption, they are
individual changes that tend to be incorporated aln1ootsean1lessly

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

39

into daily household routines without other significant changes,
and without planting the seeds of broader social or environrnental
tran.sfonnation. Tho1nas Princen in "Confronting Consumption"
calls this response ''the individualization of responsibility." He argues that the prevailing American respo1l5eto environmental ills
"half-consciously undeistands environmental degradation as the
product of individual shortcomings, best countered by action that
is staunchly individual and typically consu1ner based (buy a tree
and plant it!)' 6 •
Main.streamAmerican environmentalists have embraced
the notion that complex issues of co1l'lu1nption
, consun1erism,
power, and responsibility can be resolved through conscious, uncoordinated consun1er decisions. But individualizing responsibility
does not work-you cannot plant a tree to save the world 1
When responsibility for environ1nentalproble1nsis individualized, there is little room to think institutionally or collectively. Instead the serious work of confronting the mismanagement of
the ecological bioophere falls to individuals acting as consu1ners6 •
As a result, institutional respo1l5ibilityis altogether forgotten and
individuals mistakenly believe it is ultin1atelytheir responsibility


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to save the earth fro1nenvirorunental disaster. Government ill'lt itutions and policy 1nakeis--the people that should take respomibility in ilnple1nentingstricter environmental regulations and policies-- are essentially let off the hook. The structural ilnperatives
of capitalism calling for constant econo1nicgrowth and increasing
production and constunption, and the dyna1nic ability of capitalis1nto co1n1nodifydissent are to blame for the individualization of
responsibility inAmerica.
An1ericansare n1ootcon1fortablewith the idea of co115u111
ing our way to a better world. P1incen argues that "Americans
seem capable of understanding themselves solely as consun1ers
who 1nust buy "environmentallysot111d
" products (and then recycle
them), rather than as citizens who nlight co1ne together and develop political clout sufficient to alter institutional arrange1nents
that drive a pervasive consumeris1n'17• One explanation for the elevation of the constuner over the citizen is the unceasing ability
of capitalis1nto conunodify dissent and sell it back to co11St11Uers.
Corporate business has capitalized onAmerica 's growing environn1entalawareness by n1anufacturingpopular belief that individuals
are peisonally responsible for the present day condition of the environment because they co1l'lt11nethe wrong stuff. But the problem
isn't constuning the wrong product, it's co1l'lu1ning!
The individualization of responsibility in the United
States is undennining our capacity to react effectively to socioeconomic and enviro11n1ental
threats to lnunan well-being. "Individualization, by ilnplying that any action beyond the private and
co1l5umptiveis irrelevant, insulates people fro1nthe e1npowe1ing
experiences and political lesso11Sof collective stn1ggle for social
change and reinforces corrooive myths about the difficulties of
public life'~. Confronting the co1l5umptionproblem de1nands
that individuals begin to understand the1nselvesas citize1l5in a
pa1ticipatory de1nocracyfirst, working for pooitive institutional
and social change, and as consun1e1s second. By putting so 1nuch
emphasis on constuner choice, we dive1t attention away fro1nthe
institutio1l5and political arenas that matter and sever the pa;sibility for energies directed towards pooit ive change. If consu1nption
is to be confronted, the forces and systenis that work to individualize responsibility 1ntlStbe challenged
1 Ferudi. Frank 'T he Greenin g of Capitalism ." http J/www.frankferudi.
com/index.php.site/article/ 175/. Nov. 18. 2CXB.
2 Ibid.
3 Sandilands. Catriona. "On Green Consu1nerisrn: Envirorunental Privatization and Family Values." Volume 13. Number 3. p. 45
4 Sandilands p. 46
5 Princen. Thomas. Michael Maniates, and Ken Conca, et al ConfronJing Consunierisni. Chapter 1 pg. 1-20, Chapter 2 pg. 2 1-42. Chapter 3
pg. 43-65. Chapter 5 pg. 103-131. Cambridge. Massachusetts: p. 45
6 Ibid
7 Princen: p. 43
8 Princen: p.59

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

ly plan the composition of your compost. The first layer should be
a dry,, breathe easy n1aterial like straw, shredded newspaper, etc.
Ifiyour pile is standing on the ground, place rocks or sticks first to
allow:for proper drainage. Next, add a layer of food scraµ,. TI1e
patte111of layering food scraµ, followed by diy yard waste should
ByFrezknow
be re~atecl until the heap has reached a desirable size. Let it stand
Rot On!
foFseveral weeks before tu111ingthe matter over onto itself. Turn
Eveiybody who know,, anything about gardening undeistancls about twice a :weekfor 1-2 1nonthsor until a dark, sweet-earthen
the benefits of well treated, nutrient rich soil. It is a funlliunental smelli~ iP.roductwith little to no identifiable trace of food scrap is
co1nponentof suwival for. plants, creepy-crawlies, and micr0:aor- present. It is now con1post and ready to be stored or tilled into soil
gan.is1ns- 1nuch like eati!§ is for us humans. Ana much like eat- to be plantetl. It can also be used to create "compost tea," which
ing, good soil 1nay. unfortunatel:>!J
raise an inconvenient bill. That shoulcl be self explanato~ (~ou need a bucket, water, and cheese
is one reason 1nan)l gardeners for,a vecy long tilne, have created cloth or thin textile).
their own compost fro1n the bi-products of eve1yday, household
activities; bi-products that are traditionally treated as waste by the
bourgeoisie. Below are so1ne tiw on how to start con1postingat Funk Off!
home, how to detem1inethe health ofe:xourco111pgst
anclso111e
typiTnJStyour nose. If it stinks like shit, and you haven't added shit,
cal problenis to avoid
there is a proble1n. Most likely the co111post
is decomposing anaero_bically This takes a lo!}gtilne and is usually undesirable. It
Where to begin?
1nax be too 1110.ist
or suffocated by the structtu·e or too dense of a
First of all, you don't need a garden of any,soit to have a reason, particular la:xerof "waste." Ensure P.roperdrainage for the con1or the capability for that 111atter, to 111akeco1n~t. It is in snort post b): keeping•it lifted at least.an inch fro1nthe grotmd or on top
supply and can be stored for a long tin1e or given away as a gift or of small rocks. :Don't build co1npost in a sealed container. Don't
trade iten1. To determine it: co1npostingis a suitaole activi!)j for 1nake the indivitlual layers too tluck (~ou should be able to see
your dwelling, ask youiselftlre following questions: Do I have 15 so1ne of the previotJSlayer through the new one.
If it s1nells like shitf ;you also 1night have jtJSt put rot1ninutesa day to devote to con1posting? Is there sufficient,space
to store con1postmattersat a tlesirable distance from 1ny dwelling? ten food into ~our heap, which is ok. If it s1nells for 1norethan a
Do I have access to !>@
I'dwaste (e.g. grass clippin~. fallen leaves/ week it intlicates a problemJ!, ut generally the rotten scraJlSwill
ot:co111posting
oiganisms. Also,
needles, etc.)? Do I know:anybody, including 111
:Y,S,,
elf, that could be overcome1b~ the co11<JWURtion
use the co1npost I a1n capaole of creating? If Y,OU answered in to avoitl s1nellil)g the rot far fron1the heap, keep it covered at all
some form of a "yes" to each of these questions it has long since times bY,a generously thi~Y, er ot: d!)! 111atter.This also he!µ, to
conceal tire heap fron1scavenging creatures that can be hannful to
been thne you begin turning waste into rich, nut1itious.soil.
household pets. Avoid adding too 111uch
dirt. When dht becomes
wet it can create a near hnpenneable laxer that essentially cuts off
Build it front the botton1up.
the comn1u11ication,
water, and air of one part of the heap to the
critters need a liberal transportation network
Whatever stn1cture you use to contai11,your con1postlreaP,,n1ake other: :Ille co111post
our waste.
sure it allows access on the top,,sii:les,and botto1nfor the eas):Iflow to efficiently and healtllil)l 111etabolize
Above you have a ve~ incomplete, but hopefully helpof gases. If your co1n~t can't breathe, it will suffer. Shopping
ng at home. Of course,
carts, I have recently lea111ed,
Rrovii:leneaI;perfect support for this ful guide to confidentlY,begin co111posti
necessity. Once you have made a structure and space available, experiment, research, ask questions, and share your answers about
sta1t layering it in. TI1etenn "heap" is 1nisleadil)gin that it sug- con1postingwith iY,Ofil commu11itiesto facilitate beneficial tactics
,ai1dgarden health.
gests that food and yard waste is thrown into a P.ile\that magically for stJStainable:wasten1an!!,gement
turns into rich soil ...but the t111this quite the contra~. Meticulous-

D

..

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

41

•·

alllAKE

CO.IWPOST!

,$•eo:.y,
on

C 9 mp0>$fli'.ng - recyc lrn-iJIhit , vegetobfle
ond yorrd tr immi ng,s, you m,:;,ney 0111d heip.s make Chr,;;a g,o gireen .by r&tilu c in.g d 'emand
h e f,pi n g ,g orde n a •nd ho u.se pWanls GROW_

f'ollow the Basic Compast
J•. Chap ·

_
m0:r,e,

·.

1Mix:

'"b l"'OW'ns,"' (dry, . woody
mcteliia l:s.Jwilti 1,..;g..-eel'I s. ....
,( moi st1 g~n

and

tum

.1i

by

oi .r ond l wot,e r baPanc,e,
kee ,pingi OGmiPo&1i ~ moi$'r

o:s o. Wl'\1.1
,n g-ourti 1spon9e

~

.

charged them under the Animal
Enterprise Terrorism Act (AETA).
Each faces ten years in prison for
attending protests against animal
experimentation at the UC and
allegedly publishing the names and
addresses of UC professors who
experiment on living animals.
• February , 2009 The ProjecU
TWANAS Revival-Two radical,
alternative , student-made
newspapers resumed printing in the
early months of 2009. Third World
and Native American Studies Press

l'Jl"Klffi°!!tllf"Ja~,s;),

com post re91ulorily_

Hey UCSC students, do you know what
sustainability 1neans?The definition heard
most widely is "to meet the needs of the
present without compromising the ability
of ftnure generations to 1neettheir own
needs". The Education for Sustainable
Living Progra1n(ESLP) gives students the
opportunity to lean1 about this powerful
concept while 1nakingchange in our university. ESLP is an entirely student taught
class that happens each spring quarter. If
you feel like your education is not teaching you about topics you care abotn, do
so1nethingabout it.
Students who enroll in the class attend
a weekly lecture se1ies on n1any different

42

.

lf o ll e.n lec rve :s.
w :o-cx!ly p1iu ,n.i n.g :s
U r.-t.-eot ,ed wood
s,awd ust
Block & .....tilit-e
ne.......spoper
f,i:ujJ· ~ veg ,-etable
fn nmm 1n,9.s
1

quickly

3 ..'.Mai1d11in

'""'

1-2-3

mbiter1ol:s to h e Jp. the.m
tbrrealc down

:srrncrti on d , f.un_ Lt :$Q¥'f!l:s.
lon. difi lls ., $.Cv·in g w-ateir and

Yo.ung
Co-ffee

w-eed-s
grounds

.

&

filte rs
ll:99 shems
Cilirus

Meat , !bones
or !fish
'D ,a iry products.
or gr ,eo ·se

Gro ins , breo d s
,:;:;.
r b~on :s.

D<>91
r-cot · •
or lbird · fe i:;e:s.
.
Plywood or
lre,ete d , wood!
!$.-0......-d
IU :sJ

IDiJSea:S-edp,.lonl$
(iin cold pi'les)

1

rends

·rec bags
Bcurnyord

topics such as pennaculture, food justice, and different types of activism. All
students also paiticipate in either a student
taught discussion section (CRAFT), or an
Action Research Tea1n(ARI). Students
participating in a CRAFT 1neetweekly to
discuss the weekly lecture topic, and other
sustainability topics. ART students study
a n1orespecific topic in sustainability, and
take on a project to ilnprove our camptl5
in that area. All the ARTs and CRAFTs are
lead by highly trained student facilitators.
There are many ways to get involved in
ESLP each with a different tin1e con1111it1nent. If you just have a little bit of time,
you can sign up for a 2 unit CRAFT . With
Collective (TWANAS) is a publication
that works to create a world where
diversity is respected and honored
so that people of all races and
ethnicities feel free to speak. The
Project is an open collective of UC
students working together to produce
a newspaper with a focus on radical
politics and activism.

·

1manureis,



a little 1noretin1e,you can participate in
anART. Students even more excited about
ESI..Pcan sign up to teach an ART or a
CRAFT, or work year round to organize
ESLP. ESLP is known as College 8, 61
for the CRAFTS, and College 8 161, for
the ARTS. You can find rn online at eslp.
enviroslug.org.







Take charge of your education
Learn in a conununity
Lean1 how to make change at UCSC
Make great friends
Get UCSC credit for your activis111
CI.EI 61 or 161

deteriorating apartment conditions.
Student activists held various forums
with campus administrators and
the press to demand fair housing
and protections so that low-income
students and families can continue to
attend UCSC.

• April, 2009 Kiddie Picket at Family
Student Housing-Students living at
Family Student Housing brought
their kids out to Quarry Plaza to
protest repeated rent increases and

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

cruzi
• Foi:nis of Do1nin~on: Those interested in power over-utilize a

: van e~ o~tools. Six 1naster suppression techniques, or fonns of
• Dom11~at1ons, that have been i~entified by Berit As ( a professor
• of Social Psychology at the U1uversity of Oslo) are:

•• •
••
••
•• •
••

Making Invisible
Ridiculing
Withholding Information
Damned If You Do And Damned If You Don't
Heaping Blaine
Putting to Shaine

••
••
• These tools of the n1aster are used to break one's spirit, to dis•
:



empower, to confuse, to divide, to i1ninobilize. TI1ese tactics are
another ~sau lt on our_hut_lla
i~ty alrea?Y laid ~are through the
devastating affects of nistttuttonal racISm, patnarchy classism
and heterosexisin.


Power & Liberation: What is Power? Holv does it work?



Power is the ability to act. Power is not good or bad It is how:
you use it and toward what end. Power unchecked or unaccount-•
able can corrupt - it can also reveal...

Power is not a zero stun game - there is not a li1nited amount. •
Power is not set, it is relational. People power has the ability
alter the relatio1l'lhip.


to!


What kind of power do we need ?:







Org~zed people - collectives, unions, coalitions, cooir :
erat1ves

Organized money - pooling funds, dues etc, collectively •
we have more

~rganized act!ons/vo~es- political power to persuade, con-:
vince, coerce JUStaction




...................................................................

:

tlOUSIN&
(Olt

,MY

KIDS

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

43

Recruiters
Military
the LIES They Tell

and

11,e

reason to nave a mmtary 1s to oe
orepared to f ight and win wars. The miliary is not a social wel fare agency , it's not
a jobs program "
-Di ck Cheney, current Vice President
and former $ecreta ry of Defense

prea t e wor a out t ese common recruiter ,es.
Explore Counter-Recruitment strategies.
No Recruits = No Troops = No War

[
ILIES DEBUNKED]
LIE #1: The military provides valuable,
high tech job training that will prepare

you for a civiliancareer.

•Veterans earn an average of 19% less
than non-veteram .
•Only 12% of 1nale veterans and 6% of
female veterans use job skills learned in
the military in their civilian careers.
LIE #2: The military willpay for your col-

lege education, you can get up to $70,000.

•You have to pay a non-refundable fee of
$ 1200 just to enroll in the Montgomery
GI Bill.
•Only 15% of tha.e eligible for the GI
Bill co1nplete a four-year college prograin and collect the entire a1nount.
•65% of the recruits who pay the reqt}ired $1200 into tl~e Montgomery GI
Bill never get a cent 111retun1.

TACTICS REVEALED

•Recntiters are salespeople. They are trained in
the san1e co1porate sales techniques and have
quotas to 1neetjust like other salespeople.

•The enlist1nent contract contains a
clause that allows the military to alter
any provision of the contract without
even notifying yott

•TI1e U.S. General Accounting Office found
that the tnilital)'.'s recn1iti11gadvertisi~ _budget
doubled from $300 1nillion to nearly $600 million between 1998 and 2003.

•You can be called back at any ti1ne! The
fine print of the enlist1nentcontract (Section 9) states that recruits can be kept in
the military indefinitely, or called back
from the reseives n1any years later, especially as part of the ''war on terror"
which has no foreseeable end.

•TI1e overall recn1iting budget last year approached $4 billio11.

•Recn1iter 1nisconduct is rampant: TI1ey have
been caught on tape helping potential recn1its
LIE #4: The military takes care of its own forge high school diplo1nas and fake drug tests.
with excellent retirement and disability One recruiter was caught threatening highschool students with jail tiine for refusing to
benefits.
meet with hiin.
•Budget cuts have forced the Veterans
RACISM, SEXUAL
Ad1111nistration
to charge veterans enterABUSE. & HOMOPHOBIA
ing into its syste1n a ~SO annual fee in
order for the1nto receive treatment.
•According to the Veteran's Ad1ninistra- •People of color represent 1/3 of all enlisted
tion, 1/3 of all homeless people are vet- personnel but only 1/8 of all officers.
erans.
•75% of African Americans and 61 % of Latina,
report discriininatory behavior in the military.
•According to the Veteran's Administration,
90% of the wo1nen in the n1ilitary have expeIienced sexual harass1nent, and 30% of these
have been raped

•So few enlistees are able to take advantage of the GI Bill that the military actuaUy makes a profit off the program- it
takes. in $72 million more every year
than 1t pays out.

•A recently released Associated Press report
found that in 2005 alone, 1norethan 80 recruiteis faced disciplinary action for sexual 1nisconduct with potential enlistees.

LIE #3: Join the Reserves or National

Guard and you'll only have to serve one
weekenda month.

•Since 1996, 722 Anny recn1iters have been accused of rape and sex ual 1nisconduct.It is likely,
of course, that the nu1nber of reported cases is
far lower than the actual number of incidents.

•40% of the soldiers in Iraq today are
me1nbers of the National Guard or Resetves. Many have seen their enlistn1ents
and tours of duty extended by ''stop la.s"
orde1s.

•You cannot be openly hon1a.exual in the n1ilitary.

vS f\C.E

...-,-1,'<. ,~-;-~


C

44

l

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

dustry (pri1narily, 1nilitary-industrial
corporations, i.e.: weapons contractors) is responsible for producing defense, and universities are responsible
for providing the intellectual capital
and research necessary to constantly
develop our defense capabilities. In
other \Vords, American hegemony
could not function without these three
institutions working with each other
and sustaining each other.

"Militarizationof the universityrefers
to theprocess and conditionsin which
a university's people and resources
have been 1nobilizedto contribuJeto
the 11zilitar
y enterpriseof thepolitical
elites, the Deparflnentof Defense,and
the DoD's contracted corporatesubs idiaries" (BondGrah1n, 2003).

he University of California is a prestigious and infa1nously "liberal" university (especially here at
UCSC), presenting itself as an institution of progressive learning, acade1nic integrity, and intellectual freedom.
But we think it's i1nportantto see our university's role in
society, beyond this lofty and liberal i1nage. We think it's
important, as participants in this acade1nicinstitution, to be
conscious of our univeISity's role as an essential building
block in suppo1tingand perpetuating the strength of American hege1nonyand "Western civilization and democracy"; in
other words, capitalis1n, imperialis1n, white supre1nacyand
the pursuit of ever-expanding e1npire.

T

Think of our 1nilitarizedsociety as a pyra1nidthat couldn't
stand without the support of all of its sides. The 1nilitary,
industry (corporations), and acaden1ia, while appearing to
be institutions that function independently of each other,
are three pillaIS that together uphold United States 1nilitary
do1ninance. Within the n1ilitary-industrial-acade1nicco1nplex, the military is responsible for enforcing defense, in-

Our academic institutions provide a
dual benefit to the military enterprise.
First is the continuous influx of new
science and knowledge, allowing the Depart1nentofDefense
to continuously advance the dominance of our military ente1prise. Examples of this relationship can be seen throughout the UC-system, including here at UCSC, particularly
in the Baskin School of Engineering. A 2003 study of the
research relationships between the Department of Defense
and full-ti1nefaculty at UCSC's Baskin School of Engineering showed that at the ti1ne, 51% of faculty were currently
engaged in a research project that was directly funded by the
DoD (BondGrah1n, 2003).Noting the liinitationsof this study
- that it focuses only on the Baskin School of Engineering at
UCSC, that it does not include full-ti1neresearchers, lecturers, visiting professors or graduate students, that this statistic
does not refer to other war institutions such as war-profiteer
corporations or other govern1nentbodies such as the Depart1nentof Energy of the Department of Homeland Security - it
is safe to asstune that a 51% rate of programs dependent on
the 1nilitaryenterprise is actually a 1nodestesti1nateof the
extent to which acaden1ia relies on the 1nilitary (for funding) and the 1nilitaryrelies on us (for research). This shift in
focus doesn't stop at with the sciences; the effects on liberal
arts programs go beyond the fact that every funding increase
in the last t\vo years has gone to science and engineering
depart1nents. Hugh Gunderson, a professor of Anthropology

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

45

at George Mason University specializing in nuclear culture, reports that "Robert Gates [Secretary of Defense] has said that
cultural expertise in counterinsurgencyoperations will be crucial in the future wars he anticipates." Gunderson expands on
this idea, pointing out that knowledge is subtly 1nilitarizedand bent in the way a tree is bent by the prevailing wind, and we
come to accept that basic academic research and studies on religion, culture, language, violence and more "belongs" to the
military.
The second benefit reaped by the 1nilitarythrough this relationship is a syste111
of indoctrinatingand preparing students and
faculty to create a syste111
that will perpetually guarantee the 1nilita1ya future generation that is perfectly primed to work for
the warfare state. Professor Charles Schwarz of UC Berkeley's Physics Department has measured rates of 1nilitary/Jnilitaryindustrial en1ploymentfor graduates as high as 48% for physics, 34% astronomy, 58% atmospheric science, 28% applied
mathe1natics,64% aeronautical engineering, 43% electrical engineering, 34% 1naterialsengineering, 36% 1nechanicalengineering, and 24% nuclear engineering (Schwartz).

The University of California
provides one of the 1nostblatant examples of the intricate
relationship between the milita1y, corporations, and academia. Since the foundationof
the Manhattan project, a tenn
used to describe the development of the U.S. 's first nuclear
weapons during World War
II, the UC has overseen the
nation's two largest nuclear
research facilities, serving as
'1nanager" to the Los Alamos
National Laboratory (Los Alamos, NM) and the La\vrence
Livennore National Laboratory (Livermore, CA). The UC
managed the production of all
10,000+ nuclear weapons in
the United States arsenal, and
today n1anagestheir "stockpile
stewardship" (constant upkeep of all the weapons in our
stockpile, essentially turning
them into new, more advanced
and 1noreviolent bombs).
Thus we inherit a grueso1nehistory as students (and funde1s)of this institution.With the responsibility of n1anagingthe creation of our entire nuclear arsenal, we are thus also responsible for all of their violent and disturbing uses. This includes the
two ato1nicbo1nbsdropped over Hiroshi1naand Nagasaki during World War II, resulting in over 200,000 acute deaths and
generations upon generations of resulting suffering. It includes the 67 "test" bombs dropped on the Indigenous co1111n
unities
in the Marshall Islands, equaling an average of 1.6 Hiroshima-sized explosions over the Marshall Islands every day continuously for 12 years. And it also includes over a thousand of bombs detonated on the Western Shoshone Nation at the Nevada
Test Site -the most bo1nbednation on earth -wi th 1,032 open air nuclear bombings and 21 sub-critical nuclear explosions.
Today, the Nevada Test Site is the proposed site to hold nuclear waste, buried in a ' geological repository' in Yucca Mountain;
this is despite the fact that Yucca Mountain is on a fault line, and that nuclear waste continues to be carcinogenic and radioactive for thousands of years. Clearly, there has been a trend of environmental racis111
inherent within our 1nanage1nentof
labs, in which communities of the color have nearly always been the targets of nuclear attacks and nuclear pollution. In the
case of the nuclear weapons co1nplexand UC 1nanage1nent
, this has especially been true of NativeA1nericanand Indigenous
communities. A blatant exatnple of this is that 18 of the 20 proposed nuclear waste sites were located on Native American
Reservations. Hows that for 'let there be light"?

46

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

as. Waslti11
.gto1t Group Iut.er1wti.01tal
was acquired in 2007
by URS Corporation for 3.1 million dollars, and no\v functions as t_he "Washington Division" of URS. This provides
In 2004 and 2005, this relationship between acaden1iaand another tie to the UC, because URS Corporation was conthe 1nilitaryenterprise becaine an official triad with corpo- tracted for pa1t of the Long Range Development Plan here
at UCSC (see LRDP). To make it even 1noreincestuous and
rate industry when manage1nentof LLNL and 1.ANL was
put up f~r_biddingthe first tiine since the Manhattan Project. coinplicated, Board of Regents 1nemberRichard Bhun used
The decision to put the labs up \Vasa result of a history of to reside on the URS Board, but resigned in 2005 after being
shady and incomplete inanagen1entby the UC Reoents over called out for a conflict of interest (see Fuck the Regents).
the labs, including security breeches, lost or stolen°classified
material, and improper storing and handlino of radioactive As you can see, the UC is very much guilty of beino intrimaterial. However, the UC Regents were able to 1naintain cately invol_ved in this Military-lndustrial-Academi; parath~ir grip ?n t~e world of nuclear weapons \Vhenthey sub- digm, working closely with the Departrnent of Defense and
mitted their bid as a conglomerate with military-industrial 1nulti-national, for-profit corporations in 1nany instances,
corporations Bechtel, Washington Group International and such as 1nilitary research in our science programs and the
~WX Technologies, forming a Limited Liability Co1pora- UC management of nuclear weapons labs. As a result, the
bon over _thelabs. They won this new contract, beating out University of ~lifornia is not only guilty of a lack of vocal
resistance to United States imperial policies, but is in fact
a consortium bet~een 1:ockheed Ma1tin and University of
Texas (two other 1nstttuttonsthat relate to your life as a stu- guilty of being an active participant in the delib_,,~ ~
dent ~t UCSC, with a branch of Lockheed Martin located up erate violence, oppression and exploitation
the lull from us at the top ofEinpire Grade, and with our new enacted by our govern1nentand our
UC President Mark Yudofcoining to us after bein o 01ancel- 1nilitaryat home and abroad.
lor at the University of Texas [see Fuck the Rege1~ts])
.

Corporot~

Tok~ou~r

The UC, now partnered with these 3 corporations, has turned
the manag~mentof LLNL and 1ANL fro1npublic 1nanagement to pnvate 1nanagement,tnaking it easier to change
contracts, create new nukes, and withhold infor· .mation. Their LLC (limited liability) status
conveniently takes the responsibility
off of any one of these institu- .-.-~ ·
tions. It's impo1tant to
note the role our
new "pa1tners"
play in society.
Beclttel is a multinational corporation, and one of
the largest war
profiteers in the
world, working
on 20,000 projects
on all seven continents since it was
founded in 1898.
Riley Bechtel is
the 104th richest
ma~ in the world, and seived on Bush's "Export Council to
advise the governn1enton how to create 1narketsfor AineriResotu·ces /references:
-TheBaskinStudyby DarwinBond-Gralun,2003
can cornpanies overseas." Exan1plesof projects Bechtel has
-http://www.corpwatch
.org/index.php
worked range fron1 nuclear reactors to oil pipelines to "re-Addictedto War byJoelAndreas
building infrastructure" in Iraq. They are most notoriously
-IfYouPoisonUS:UraniumandNativeAmericansbyPeterH.
known for their involven1entin the privatization of water in
Ecll.5taedt
Bolivia, leading to rnass protests known as 'The Cochaba1n- -"PublishandPerish:Integrationof UniversitySciencewith the
~a Water Wars." BWX Tech.1towgies seems to "specialize" Pentagon"by CharlesSchwartz(1988, Sciencefor the People)
1nthe management of nuclear weapons facilities, operating
not only at LLNL and 1.ANL but also at the Y-12 National T~ learn 1nore,t~keuc;& the Bo1nb- a S unit courseall about
Security Co1nplexin Tennessee and the Pantex Plant in Tex- tlus. co1nplex- in _Spnn~2010! Contactmcbluebox@riseup.net
for 1nfonnat1on
duringWinter2010.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

47

C

TS!
{

What do politicians, financers, lawyers, mass media, software, and military
contractors have in common? They are all represented by the wealthy elite
managing our Universities through the Board of Regents. So who the fuck are
the Regents anyway?
The Regents are the ruling board of
the University of California, written into the
Califonlia Constitution (Article IX, Section 9).
The Board of Regents gives their 26 1ne1nbers
"full powers of organization and goven1ance"
over the UC syste1n.Their control extends over
all 10 ca1npu.5es,five 1nedicalcenters, three affiliated national laboratories, and a statewide
agriculture and natural resources progra1n.So
who exactly are these people that are making
the decisions that affect the \vellbeing of the
UC's 220,000 students, 180,000 faculty and
staff, n1orethan 1.6 1nillionalumni, and an $18
billion annual operating budget?
Is this systen1 of governance over the
UC supposed to somehow represent the desires
that students, faculty and staff have for their
university? Is one single student suppa.ed to
accurately represent the values and desires of
not only the students, faculty and staff on their
camptl5, but all 10 UC ca111pt1.5es?
As if the unde1nocraticstructure of
the Board of Regents isn't bad enough, the
makeup of the board is equally offensive, being generally co111pa.edof the btl5iness elite
of Califon1ia- some of the wealthiest people

in the state and even in the nation, with so1ne
of the ma.t powerful jobs and connection.5in
the corporatio11.5
and industry that do111inate
the
state. This is ironic considering the fact that
the Con.5titutionitself states that "the university shall be entirely independent of all political and sectarian influence and kept free there
from in the appoint1nent of its Regents and
in the adnlinistration of its affairs." Does the
Board of Regents have the capability to effectively create a University syste1n wha;e goal
is giving back to the co1nmu1lityof Califon1ia,
when only one class of people are represented
in the decision 1naking?
The personal llistories oftha.e on the
Board clearly show that, in fact, the political
scope of tha.e of the Board is narrow, representing only the ruling elite. Here's some dirt
that has been dug up about a few key regents in
the last few years. But this is just the tip of the
iceberg, so we encourage you to dig deeper,
and lean1 the tn1e interests and investments of
the people that are making decision.5about our
university on behalf of us. Visit http://ucop.
cont/ as a place to find out who else is on the
Board of Regents to begin your research!

-----------------------

o exact y flre t ese peo-

le that flre making the deci·onstlutt affect the lvellbein
of the UC's 220,000 students,
80,000 fttculty flnd stfljf,
tore than 1.6 million fllumi, flnd <tn$18 billio1iflnnufl
operflting budget?''
s appoint
note ect )
the governor of California to serve 12
year terms - that' s right, 12 fucking
years I
•There are also 7 ex-offieto n1e1nbers, which are basically assumed
positions, consisting of the Governor
(good old An1old). the Lieutenant
Governor ( John Garamendi), speaker
of the assembly, supenntendant of
public education, the president and
vice-president of the UC Alu1nni Association, and the President of the UC
(Mark Yudof). Despite the fact that
these 7 members have voting privileges. none of them attend the regular
n1eetings except for Garamendi
•The Board also consists of only one
student regent. This student who is
chosen by the board, serves a twoyear term with only one year of voting privileges.

BIOGRAPHIES

Our award for TOP SCANDAIJs) goes to Richard C. Bl1t111!
Meet the infa1notl5Richard Bhun: wealthy financer, De1nocraticParty insider (seen
sitting behind Obama at the Inauguration), hrnband of Califonlia Senator Diane Feinstein, and
a self-proclai1ned" Tibetan Buddhist and Philanthropist." Wow Dick, that's quiet a resume!
But it gets worse, and 1norecomplicated.
Blu1n's ma.t recent top-secret scandal involved his real estate fim1CB Richard Ellis,
war profiteer
his other co1npanyBhun Capital Partners, and Iris wife up on Capital Hill. When congress
convened this year, Fein.5teinpioneered a bill that distributed $25 billion in taxpayer money
to the Federal Depa.it Insurance Corporation, a private bt5iness created by congress to in.sure
"financial stability" - or, to maintain the stattl5 quo of the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer. In tun1, the FDIC (via Feinstein) awarded CBRE (a.ka. Blu111)a contract allowi11gthe111to sell foreclosed properties at con1pe11satio11
l'ates higher than i11dustrynorms.
At the sa1ne titne, Blu1n Capital Partners was purchasing over 10 1nillion shares of CBRE.
Blu111and Feitl.5teinhave profited over $13.7 1nillionfrom this debacle. (''Love and Larceny,"
John Harding, April 29 2009).
Another infan1otl5scandal of Dick's involves Iris previotl5role as vice-president over
URS Corporation, a war profiteer corporation that is 1naking millio11.5
of dollars off of the
"rebuilding ofiraq"through its Perilli Con.stn1ctionsubsidiary. URS also n1aden1illions off'---------=----------'
of being contracted to work on "design and constn1ctionseivices " at La. Alamo, National Laboratory, one of the nuclear weapotl.5labs
1nanagedby the Board of Regents. Then, in 2007 , URS was bought out for $3.1 billion by Wasllington Group Inten1ational- a corporation that just a few years prior entered a contract to co-1nanagethese nuclear weapons labs with the UC, Bechtel and BWX Technolo-

48

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

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gies. Sadly, Rich no longer works for URS, because in 2005 he through this meiger, our new UC President Gould finds hinJSelf,
was called out for a conflict of interestand had to step down after through his still current Vice President position at Wachovia , esURS was contracted to do development work for UCSC's Long sentially sitting at the top of a huge fucking pile of gold.
Range Develop111entPlan. Dear Dick is one of the best ( and 1nast infuriating) exan1ples we have of those revolving door politics The alvard for BEST AI MONOPOLY goes to Norntan J. Pattiz!
where there is so 1nuch overlap between politics, corporatio11Sand
Non nan Pattiz was aptheir wealthy leaders that the s upposed lines between the1n are too I pointed by Gove1nor Gray Dablurry to see.
vis and his tenn expires in 2015.
Pattiz got his start in the busi rrupt
And the awa1d for MOST UKELYTO GO SWIMMING IN A PILE ness world by founding Westia--mogul
OF (OUR) A10NEY goes to Russell Gould
wood One in 1974 - A1nerica's
As of July 9th, 2009, we now have a brand-new Chair- Jaigest radio netwo rk organiza1nan of the Board of regents -Russell Gould. Gould was appointed tion . Westwood One is a 1nato the Board in 1998, and fonnerly held the positions of Vice Chair jor supplier of traffic news and
and Chair of Finance for the Board Gould got his degree in p<r I sports prograin111ingon local 1V
litical science at UC Berkeley and has been representing for the statio11S,and its e1npire includes
crooked polit ics of Cal ifornia ever since, with a resume that in- I NBC Radio Network, the CBS
eludes Director of the Department of Fin ance of the State of Cali- Radio Network, CNN Radio,
fon1ia fro1111993to 1996 and prior to that, Secre tary of the Health I and F ox Rad io News. Pattiz ha5
and Welfare Agency fro1111991 to 1993.
a history of being caught up in
The go ld sta r on Russell's resu1ne is his employn1ent with finai1cial election scandals: for
Wachovia Bank as Senior Vice President. Wachovia Wa5 once the exainple, his co1npany had to
fourth-largest bank in the United States based on total assets; how- pay over $75,000 in fines for viever, in 2008 Wachovia found itself in the n1iddle of a na5ty Battleolating election Jaws. Pattiz was also nominated to the Bro adca5tof-the-Banks when both Citigroup and Wells Fargo attempted to ing Board of Governors ( oversees goverrunent broadcast like The
buy out Wachovia in Voice of America) by President Clinton, which suspiciously ca1ne
light of its Joo1ning after over $300,000 of campaign donations to the De1nocratic P arfailure. Initially Citi- ty and a backing of Hilaiy Cli nton's bid for Senate. While on the
bailout
group 1nade an offer I BBG , Pattiz was chainnai1 of the Middle East Comn1ittee, serving
to Wachovia with as a driving force behind the creation of Radio Sawa and Alhurra
profiteer
goven 1ment support I Television, the U.S. Goverrunents Arabic-language radio and 1V
through the Feder al services to over 22 colmtries in the Middle East, to supposedly
Deposit
Insurance I counteract "Isla 1nic Extremist News" in the Middle East.
Corporation,
and
Clearly, this big-t in1e media mogu l is notson1eone you'd
then soo n after Wells want to be on the bad side of, seeing as how he controls so n1uch
Faigo sub 111itted an of An1erican 1nedia. Apparently all of Pattiz's knowledge and exeven higher offer of perience of the media 111adehi111qualified to be a Regents, ai1d not
$15.1 bill ion in stock,
only that, to be the Regent chosen for the C hair of Oversight of the
claiming they did I Department of Eneig y's UC -111anagednuclear laboratories (Las
not need the goven1- Alaina, National Lab and Livennore National Lab).
1nent guarantee that
Citibank opted for. And the award for EVERYAlthough Wachovia's
BODY'S BUDDY goes to
oorporate
stocks had fallen Pllul Wt1cltter!
97% in 2008, the battle was still n1thless to gai n ownership of its
Paul Wachter 1nay
mo.n,ey
assets because in the world of bai1king, the bigger the better , and not be someone you've
. undere r
this financial crisis provided a unique opportunity for the world's
ever hear of bef ore, but he
banking n1011opoliesto bloat the1nselves to new extre1nes. In the is Governor Schwarzeneg end Wachovia sold itse lf to Wells F aigo, co1npleting the meiger on ger's money-111an, and one
Dece1nber 31st, 2008. And all this can1ejmt before Wells Faig o hit of the 1nast powerful politithe Bailout jackpot, being one of the fl.1stbanks to receive a gov - I cal insiders in the state. He
erllll1ent-funded financial bailout , and being the bank to receive got his start in the world of
the biggest a1nount of money in one s hot - $25 billion dollars. So the s uper-rich a5 the foundLong story short, Wells Fargo buys out Wachovia for er and Executive Chief Of$15.1 billion, hits the government up for a bailout jack- fleer ofSaiitaMonica-based
ot
of
$25
billion,
and
our
UC
President
Gould
finds
coinpany Mai n st reet AdviP
sors. This "financial, stratehimself sitting atop a huge fucking pile of (our) money. gic and asset 1nanagen1ent"

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1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

49

I bling his salary and becoming the 6th highest paid chancellor in the

company is so exclusive that according to a state1nent of economic
interests fonm Wachter filed with the FPPC after becoming a UC
Regent last year, only 11 clients to the fi1m were listed, paying the
company 111orethan $10,000 a year.
Multiple clients from Main Street Advisors were directly
connected to Governor Schwar zenegger hitmelf , mast notably the
''Shri ver Blind Tnist " - as in Maria Shriver, Schwarzenegger's wife,
and a 1ne1nberof the Kennedy Fa111ily.Wachter is also the manager
of the blind tnis t into which all of Schwar zenegger's investtnents
were liquidated when he beca1ne goven1or, wlrich is required of
elected officials to avoid conflicts of interest. Schwarzenegger's
financial holdings were briefly and partially disclosed in 2003 during the recall campaign, revealing a financia l e111pireof ten.5 of
1nillions of dollars invested in securities, private equity funds, and
over 100 btisiness ventures. Not surprisingly, many of these business ventures were in partnership with Wachter. Given Wachter
and Schwarzy's buddy-buddy relationship, it's hard to see how
Wachter could act as an independent, disinterested 1nanager of the
goven1or's assets in his pa,ition. I n fact, it was Schwarzy hitnself
that no1ninated Wachter to the Board of Regents in 2004.
:,
And the alvard for MOST UKELY TO LEAVE THE UC FOR AN
EVEN HIGHER SALARY goes to M,rrk Y11dof!
In March of 2008, the Board of Regents unani111otisly
voted to welcon1e Mark Yudof as the 19th President of the U1riversity of Califon1ia. So who is this Yudof, and why are all the
Regents so fucking excited to have hin1 reign
over the University of
Califon1ia? At 63, Yudof
has had a long history in
rururing public universities across the country. H e
served as president of the
four-ca1nptis University
of Minnesota fro1n 1997
to 2002, and chancellor
of the U1riversity of Texas
system fromAugtist 2002
to May 2008. Before that,
he was a faculty 1ne1nber
and ad1ninistrator at UT at
Atistin for 26 years , taking positions such as Dean of the Law School from 1984 to 1994
and Execu tive Vice President and Prova.t fro1n 1994 to 1997.
Yudof's e1nploy1nent history has, to put it 1nildly, been
very well-paid As Regent Blum described, "he's expensive, but
he's wo1th it! "W hile Presiden t ofU ofM, Yudof enjoyed 1nultiple
raises, biinging his annual earnings fro1n $225,000 to $350,000;
never mind that 75% ofU of M's service worke 1s were being paid
poverty wages. In 2002, Yudof arrived at Uni versity of Texas, dou-

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United States with a salary at $742,209 in 2007. And with his 1nast
recent move to the University of California, his salary increased
even 1nore, taking office on June 16th, 2008 with $924,642 , no
bother to the budget "crisis". Another perk to Yudof's new job is
residence in the Blake House , a Northern California 1nansion that
has upheld a longstanding tradition of regal and lavish housing for
University of Califonria president's. But poor Yudof is currently
living in interi1n housing in Oakland at the cast of$11,360 a month
because the Blake house is under electrical and structural repairs
that will cast between $8 1nillion and $9 1nillion.
Interestingly enough, Yudofs previotis e1nployer, the
U1riversity of Texas, was the 1nain con1petitor for control over the
UC-managed nuc lear weapons lam. It was a cla.e race between
UT 's alliance with Lock11eed Ma1tin and the UC's
with Bechtel , Washington Groupinten1ational and
BWX Technologies, but the UC took the bid But
Yudof didn't have to feel the "disap point1nent "
of lasing this bid for too long once the UC
regents decided he was qualified for the
pa.ition at the top of their ladder. Not
only is Mark Yudof in the ranks of
the country's lrighest paid publie university presidents .--,
(would he accept anything less?), but he fl.nally gets to control
Iris long-coveted
Nuclear
Weapon.5
Laoo. Congrats, Yudof1 We couldn ' t be
prouder ; could you?

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FUCK THE
REGENTS!!
50

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

f

Oil companies, defense contractors,corporations specializingin supportfor oil
production or 1nilitarylogistics -- and the wealthy politiciansthey own. Keep in 1nind
this is just a few of the biggest and evilest -- the list could go on and on.

Bec/1tel ..
... provides oil se1vices and logistics. Subsidia1y Kellogg Brown . . . has built oil pipel ines in Saudi Arabia, Kuwa it,
Canada, Alaska, Colwn b1a and Libya. Tried to
& Root provides n1ilita1y suppo1t se1vices and received $8 bi llion
in 2003 alone in contracts for Iraq reconstructi on. KBR, receive d a privatize the water supply in Cochabainba, Bolivia
in 2003 but back off due to 1nassive public protest.
no-bid five year contract to put out oil fire s even before the inva sion
Won initial closed-bid contract to rebuild Iraq's oil
began. Received $16 million to build a prison in Guantana1no Bay.
infrastiu cture for $680 m illion. Chainnaili CEO
VP Dick Cheney was Hall iburton Pres ident and CEO unti l taking
Ri ley Bechtel was appointed in Feb1u a1y 2004
office and still holds stock options worth over $10 million dollars.
to Presi dent Bush's adviso1y comin ittee on inteinational
The D epa1tment of Energy's Los Ala1nos National
trade. Other fo1mer Bechtel executives include Reagan's Secreta1y of State
Laborato1y, the pre1nier nuclear weapons lab in
George Shultz and Secreta1y of Defense Caspar Weinberger. Recently
the US, selected KBR as the new site supp 01t
U1e UC has partnered with corporations Bechtel, Washington Group
se1vices contr actor. KBR, and Los Alain os
Inte1national, and BWX Technologies in it' s manageinent of Lawrence
functions as a subcontractor to the UC
Live1n1ore National Labs, and Los A la1nos National Labs. They now
which 1nanages the lab. In the afte1m ath
fo1m a limited liability corporation of rnanag etnent. On Oct. 29th,
of Hun·icane K atrina, KBR won a
200 1, the EPA fined B echtel $30,383 at the Id aho Nat l Engineering
$500 1nillion contract to rebuild US
and Env ironmental Lab for not keeping records of any se1vice being
Navy facilities damaged by the stonn.
perfonned . Bechtel was in pa1t responsible for helping to develop (and
Hallibu1t on and its subsidia1y KBR have
profit fron1) the atom ic bombs droppe d on Nagas aki and H iroshim a.
receive d billions of dollai·s in contracts
due to natural disasters and wars.

Locklieed M arti11

C/1evro11-Texaco...
... along with ExxonMob il, was pa1t of Caspian oil
cons01tium exploring untapped reserves in Azerbaij an and
___ ,
Kazakhstan. Has since bought Unocal [F onnet· Unoca l
exec Zahnay Kha lilzad was appointed special envoy to
Afghm istan after I.he 200 1 inva sion and previously served
as a1nbassador to Iraq. He cu1rently setves as I.he pet1nanent
United States Ainbassado r to I.he United N ations]. Fonner
Secreta1y of State Condoleezza R ice was previously on the
boai·d of dire ctors for Chevron, serving as a special consultm t
on Central Asia. In Nov. 2004 U1e UC m d Chevron-Texaco founded
an "Alliance for Advmce d Energy Solutions'' to evolve technologies for
econo1nic and enei·gy uses.

. .. nu1nber one in the defense indusby "Big Three." 1.fakes
fighter planes, spy planes, mis siles and nuclear weapons.
_I R eceived $17 billion in milita1y conu·acts in fiscal 2002, $20.7
bill ion in 2004, $19.4 billion in 2005. Fo1mer Lockheed VP
B1uceJackso n chaired the Coalition for L iberation of Ira q, which
promote d I.he Bush war plan. LM has a facility in Santa C1u z
County at llie Lockheed Ma1tin 1.fissiles and Space Co1npany
in Bonny Doon. The Trident and other 1nissiles were worked
Oil at I.his site. The company battled the UC for a contract to
1nanage llie Los Alamos Lab in 2005 and ulti1nately lost. LM
has also made bi llions in Homeland Security conu·acts. L et's not
forget llie 1na11yenvironn1ental and health catastrophes U1at have
resulted from Lockheed's many toxic facilities. F or example, after
perchlorate contain ination was found in San Betn adino County's
drinking vrater, L1.f tried to convince the EPA to lowet· pet·chlorate
standar ds in 1¾0to save on clean up costs.

C.hlVfO'R

Boei11g...

... nu1nbet· two in I.he defense industty " Big Three". Makes 747s, "s1nart"
bo1nbs, fighter planes, n1issile components and Apache helicopters . Receive d
$16.6 bi llion in n1ilita1y contracts in fiscal 2002, $17. 1 billion in 2004. Large st
US expo1ter. Like the other big defense contractors, has adapted 1narketing
sti·ategies and application of products for use in do1nestic security. Under
investiga tion for nu1nerous cases of c01ru ption md influence-peddling. On
Sept. 6th, 2008, 27,000 1nachinists went on sti·ike de1na11
ding increased
job sectu·ity and compensation. Ftuthei· stiug gles involved use of outside
contractors and higher co-pay s and deductibles. In 2005 Boeing donated ... worl d's largest con1pa11yby 1narket share. Owns
$150,000 to the UC Regents, vrhich was then passed to UC extension Boeing. Makes jet engines for both L ockheed
pro gram s in an effo1t to impr ove I.he400/ofailure rate of the Califo1n ia 11a1tm and Boeing and received $2.8 billion in
subject exam for teachet·s (CSET) in 1nath and science. One spokespet·son militaty contracts in 2002. Also builds nuclear
for Boeing stated in regai·ds to B oeing's donations, "Thi s is a w in-win reactors inteinationally. Owns NBC, Teleinundo,
for the company and the state. We have I.hepotential to become better md msnbc .co1n Gointly w ith M icrosoft) among
pa1tners in the con11non chance to hire the students who are going to many other media outlets. Cun·ently battling to
benefit fron1more qualified teachers." As of 2005, Boeing is the largest prov e I.hat U1eSuperfund law requir ing indusu·ial toxic
manufacturing employer of the state of Californ ia.
waste producei·s to clean up I.heir 1nesses is unconstitutional For decades
GE factories polluted the Hudson River as over 1.3 1nillion pounds of PCBs
wei·e dwnped into it. The con1pany is ranke d as the 7th worst polluter by
I.he Political Econo1ny Research Institutes Toxic 100 Index. Whi le General
E lectric has previously beet1 involved in nuclear weapons production, it sold
its nuclear power plants in 1993 after the company was publicly sctut inized.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

51

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Talking About ''Violence''
------------------------1

In Santa Cruz , we talk a lot about non-violence. Tiying to figure out what that is and why we hear so
much about it makes us ask ... Wha t 1s violence? What
does it rnean for us to talk about violence? What do
we mean when we talk about it?
''violence flows dolvn the hier<trchy all tlie
tinie ... but we don't see that daily violence.''
Ce1tainUC students have faced ve1y real, physical violence
fro1npolice on campus. In the Fall of 2006, Alette Kendrick was
handcuffed, dragged, and beaten by police at a protest that was
planned in response to a visit by the UC Regents. In the fall of
2007, students were beaten by cops and pepper sprayed 1nore
than once when trying to bring food to tree sitters on Science
Hill. In both of these cases, the students - who were not banning
anyone - were called "violent" by ca1npusauthorities and various 1nedia.

\Vhen do we call an action , "violent "? Whose violence do we see as threatening? Whose do we accept
as necessaiy and just ?
· Most of us have gathered that we
live in a violent society. The United
.States has been at war since before
· .· - nost of us entered high school.
We've noticed the i1npressive nu1nber of cop cars on ca1npusand downtow11
We've seen people from those ca1s harass
· students and the homeless.

Our society ope~ates ~cc~rdin~ to a certain ~ystem,
and that system 1s m~1nta1ned oy constantv1ol~nce
done against those with less power by those with
more powe1: directly and indirec tly. An~ther way of
saying this is, violence flows down the hierarchy all
the time.

and we do not happen to be people who face it every day, we
are in a pretty interesting positio11 It 's a very privileged position. Most of what we hear about violence co1nesfron1similarly
privileged positio1l'l.
So it's a difficult conversatio11It could be co1nparedto trying to
1nakea n1oraljudgn1ent on stealing when you have always had
1noneyto buy food and therefore have not been not obligated to
steal it, and/or you are not clearly being stolen from (in tenns of
your rights, your tilne, your resources... ) by corporations and
the state. When you are in such a position, stealing 1nayhave
another word, like, s1u·vival
. And that 1naybe the survival of
your body, or the survival of your dignity. Many goven1ments
and corporations inhabit a position where their stealing is called
business.

No one is bringing this up to advocate for or apain st
violence . No person can decide for another wnat
should be done , or not done , and when.
It may ju st be irnportant to thi~k about how we talk
about violence and about nonviolence , and to think
about who we are while we have those conversations.
... any vio ence going up t e izerarc y .
.. is highly visible, and shocki1ig to us.''
Many of us have had the privilege of taking pa1t in marches,
rallies, and other actio1l'lthat are generally accepted as "nonviolent," depending on how quiet they are and who is doing them
(seep. [the free speech zone drawing]). And a lot of us have
noticed that those things didn't enclthe war, or stop trees from
being cut, or keep our friends fro1nfacing unjust disciplinary action. And I don't know how we could have clonethose things, or
even how we can in the future.
But it might be worth asking ot11selveslvhy we choose the actions we do, instead of just going with what we already know
is "appropriate," and "nonviolent," and probably only making a
sy1nbolicachievement, rather than concrete progress.

This is 1nostobvious to us on

a global scale, but even in this
bubble there are a lot of things
we do everyday (pay rent, buy
food, wear clothes... ) that we do
in part because ifwe don't, we
will probably have an unpleasant
interaction with someone who
wears a unifonn and carries a
gun

But we don 't see that daily
violence. It is invisible to
us, though any violence going up th~ hiera rchy - vi~lence against someone with
more power by someone
with less power - is highly
visible, and shocking to us.

.,

ours
.!.<..<.!~
.c . 011s
,stead of just goiltg lvitlt lvl
s probably ouly 111aki1t
,.bolic ocltieve111.e1 atlter
t cou.crete ro
.

Ifwe are talking about violence,

!)is orientationffiuibe2009~to

53

Zip that lip-the AETA's in town... or you'll be brandished as a "te1Torist" just like
anyone else who has potential to be effective in public dissent.
At least that's what the current establislunent would like us to
undeistand-that fo1n1Sof protest which manage to "damage or
interfere"withAinerican indtJStriesare the nt11nberone do1nestic
terrorist threat. Specifically the reference alludes to the Animal
Enterprise Terroris1nAct of2006 (AETA) which at first glance
atte1nptsto add a terro1ist enhance1nentto violent criines again.st
brninesses that profit fron1their use of anitnals or animal-exploited products. But under further scnttiny it is clear that this act exceeds the bounds of ending violent actions and proceed'>to lin1it
non-violent dissent as
The AETA has even been used well. We've seen nonto target non-violentsidelvalk violence land activists
demonstrationsand leafleting in prison for running a
wehsite that shared
here in
Cruz
news on anin1alliberation and infonnation about involvement in btJSinessventures
based in exploitation- na1nelyme1nberswho ran the website
"Stop Huntingdon Life Sciences" and probably 1norewell known
as the SHAC7. And 1nootrecently, theAETAhas even been llSed
to target non-violent sidewalk demo1l'ltrations and leafleting here
in Santa Cruz, hardly the idea of 1nassiveproperty da1nagethat
the concept of eco-terrorism places in people's 1nindswhen initially hearing abottt this legislation. In fact, no physical violence
has been tJSed as a tactic by animal enterprise resistance to date;
the ''violence" described by the legislation is purely monetary.
TI1eAETA's language aitrn at elin1inatingactio1l'lwhich
places otheis in a "reasonable fear," but this needs to be checked
agai11St
the recent US political climate, where the idea of freedom
has been whittled down to 1nereecono1nicfreedo1n. Since the
entire goal of corporate power is econon1ic,the only way people
have power over corporatio11S
is through economic limitations
and restrictio11S
. There is no deeper social ethic underlying a corporation's sole mission of profit the way there can be in lnunan
social interactions. AI1itnportant question is how a "reasonable
fear" is possible when the structure of btl.'>ines
s plays only on the
fear of falling out of con1petition with others. By clai1ninga ''terro1ist" is the catl.'>eof econon1icitl'ltability, btl.'>inesses
can effectively denounce all fonns of protest as ''terrorist" activity, since
the goal of protest is to support new ways of living and distance
society fro1nconventional and hannful ways. Will Potter of the

s,,nta

54

"Green is the New Red" blog 1nentionsthat "te1Torist"is the 1noot
powerful word we have in our language. The abtJSeof sensual
language in defining or redefining "te1Torism"allows for people
with power to n1anipulateeveryone without power, factionalizing
the public and weakening the power that people could assert in or
over their own govenlll1ent. The overly broad tJSeof "te1Torisn1"
places our political society in a condition where "extre1nism"
is redefined as characteristic of anyone holding an oppositional
view to the 1ninorityof industrial managers holding political
power. The ain1behind the AETA is to split social 1noven1ents
and to force the n1oren1oderatewing to condelllll the 1noreradical as "terrorists" at the risk of being labeled terrorists thenJSelves
if they do not.
Potter co1nparesthe similarities between ele1nentsof pat1iotis1nand "freedo111"of today's Green Scare with the oaths of
loyalty and patriotis111
, public conde1nnationsof co1nn1unism,and
naming names of yesterday's Red Scare. TI1oughmany of these
authoritarian hoops were jumped through, none ever protected
anyone from their goven1ment and in.steadserved to factionalize
the public and breed distnJStand fear. Potter envisions theAETA
as "a solution looking for a proble1n;"already activists face fear
simply disctJSsingissues sun·ounding their lives now that they
can be blacklisted as ''terrorists" for their lifestyles and personal choices (or
By claiming a ''terrorist''is the cause inaybe ''.greenof econoniicinstability, businesses listed" might be
cttn effectivelydenounce all forms of 1noreaccurate).
protest as ''terrorist'' activity, since the ? On Nov
goal of protest is to support nelv ways 13· - 006 , the
AETApassed in
of living and distance societyfrom the iniddle with
conventionttland h<trmfitllvays. very little House
attendance similarly to how the USA PATRIOTAct was passed Representatives
had been ahsent fron1the house celebrating a Martin Luther King
jr. 1ne1norialfor bis own non-violent civil disobedience, when the
AETA was signed in-by only six house representatives. How
could only six have the power to pass such a powerful act? TI1e
AETA bad been placed on a st1Spensioncalendar, used to pass
non-controveisial bills such as naming bridges or highways,
and slipped by u1llloticed.Ironically, the language oftbeAETA
which att1ibutesterrorism to "da1naging or interfering"with in-

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

dustries and businesses would label Martin Luther King jr. as one Buddenberg,
of A1nerica's n1asthigh profile and highly celebrated do1nestic
Nathan Pope
terrorists. (Not that Hoover's FBI didn't even consider hiln a sub- andAdriana
versive ... And to add to that irony, the Reverend's close fa1nily
Stun1poand
has adopted a vegan lifestyle, continuing his philosophy of con1- Marya1nKhajapassion for all life-are they then terrorists as well?!) It might be vi (both UCSC
ilnportant to note the use of govenuuent repression during such
alumni), who
human rights can1paigns;agencies like COINTELPRO monitored were arrested
and infiltrated radical organization structures, imple1nentingdion charges of
vide and conquer
terroris1nfor
of the AETA staging demontactics to set the Ironically, the l<ingu<lge
which attributes terrorism to ''damconditions for
strations about
a 1noven1ent's
aging or inteifering'' lvith industries ani111alwelfare
collaµ;e. Even
and 111mecessary
ani1naltesting, have been the first of the new terand businesses would label Martin
today, if the
ro1ist-enhancedpersecutions for eco-activis111.With the upgraded
Luther
Kingjr.
<ls
one
of
America's
strength of coalienhance111ent,
the US Depa1t1nentof Jli5ticecan lock up whoever
most high profile <lndhiglily celtions, such as
it wants for over 20 years. The "Stop Huntingdon Life Sciences"
ebr<lteddomestic terrorists.
those to end war
anti-vivisection arrestees (SHAC 7) have already been forced
or exploitation,
into prisons as "eco-terrorists" simply for having a website that
dissolve and refonn as inten1alenemies, the entire n1ovement
1nightor might not have been li5edat by anti-laboratory actions
will suffer. After all, it has worked with the political structures
of questionable coru1ectiom. The defendants have made motions
of nations targeted by US interventionist exploits, to which it has
to strike down the AETA with the goal of re1novingit from use by
introduced "freedo1n" and the God-given right of anA1nerican
the Justice Syste1nas a tool ofhara5sment and persecution. The
"de111ocracy."Now that hun1anrights ca1npaignshave evolved
Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR), Civil Libe1tiesDefense
into ca111paigns
for the rights of all life to live, we see the A.111eri- Center (CLDC), and other civil defense atton1eys cu1Tentlyare at
can de1nocracymachine fired up once again.
work to protect American activists fro1nthe unlin1itedtyranny of
It is already en1barrassingthat the state has been targetthe United States Govenunent.
ing civilly disobedient and non-violent protestors as te1Torists,but
111edefendants are people like you and 111e.Lawyers
where the shame will really co1neis if the AETA is not overcast money. The Legal System is designed to exclude people
turned illllnediately. At that point we 111ay
have the Anhnal Enwithout lots of 1noneyfrom participating or holding political
terprise Terroris111Actalongside the Military-Industrial Enterprise power. Donate$$ and help friends pay the bills if you can, read
Terroris1nAct, the Educational Enterprise Terrorism Act, the Free up on grand jury repression, attend a local benefit music show,
Trade Enterplise Terroris1nAct, and the X Enterprise Terroris1n
write to the1n or show your solidarity in other ways. Don't let the
state repression apparatti5fracture your co1nAct ... The legislation is highly
1nunityor your relationshiµ;.
reproducible and has the potential
to infect the nation, perhaµ; only
a111ounting
to relieving terror fro1n
If you have ca5hthat you'd probably just otherthose few in power who terrorize.
wise spend on beer or pot, send it to:
With the current econo1nicfailure,
where the co1nmonpeople have
The AETA Defense Fw1d
been hit the hardest, the people
PO Box99162
again will be stuck with the bill to
WIEREVERYOU
CO
, WIATEVERYOU
DO
, WIOEVER
YOU
ARE
,
Emeryville, CA94662
cover state spending on silencing
More information at http://aeta4.org/.
dissent and pursuing i111agined
"terrorists" rather than ass1uing
Resources & further reacting:
the real health and safety of our
http://www.greenisthenewred co111
co1nmunities. All the Hope and
--¾'illPotter's blog, independent anilnal rights
Change in the nation won't bling
jour11alis1n.
us out of the stn1cture of fundBCCAIS[
l'IJIAR[Al'OflNflAlCRIMINAL
P£RIAPS
l'IJISlCRITlY
OOIBf
AEPA 1992 (Anin1alEnterprise Protection Act)
ru SANCflTY
or CORl'ORAfl
PROP[RTY,
ORTl[ VALIDITY
or LAWS
MAO[
ing our own self-surveillanc.e and
BYTl[ Rl:I ro GOV[RH
ru POOR,
ORru SOINONlSS
or CAPITALISM AETA2006 (Animal Enterprise Terroris111Act)
self-persecution on behalf of the
lrSlli-W[ CANT
ArmROro ASSIM[l'IJI OONT.
TIAf'SWIYfl[R[ AR[
nation's elite. The personal 1nay
VIDEO
CAMERAS
l'OINHO
Af EVlRY
CASll[RANOl'Oll:[ CARS
CIRCLING
Alternative n1ecliasdon't get funclecl through
be political, but there 111ay
no
[Y[RY
BlOCllIIfTfOlrS[U,AsrAnor OISORO[RANO
IN[QllrY
RITIRKS
war-dollars. (Try a jevv out)
ro [QIILIBRIIM
;OIRJOB
ISro PERPlflAH
TIISON[INOEnNlrUY.
longer be any concept of "personhttp://www.indybay.org - Local indy1nedia.
ality" once the personal becomes
http://news.infashop.org - Global indy1nedia.
policed.
http://flag.blackened.net - So1nebackground.
AETA4 Update : 4
anilual rights activists, Jas eph

YOU
ARE
UNDER
SURVEILLANCE

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

55

Neo-liberal Capital &
Non-Profit Labor byA. U.Fheben
Neo-libel'alisn1
People talk about neo-liberalism a lot these days. Mast folks
who use that word don't seetn to like it too much, but despite the
word's co11.5tantuse, it often goes tu1defined. So let's start with a
definitio11 Neo-liberalism, or the new liberalism , is a tenn coined
by Milton Fried1nan in his book, Freedom and Capitalis1n. Friedn1an calls neo-liberalism a rettu11 to the classical econo1nists of
capitalistn -- David Ricardo , Adatn S1nith, etc. Basically, the idea
is that capitalisn1 is the best possible econon1ic 1nodel for hu1nan
society, and it works best when left totally unregulated But the
important aspects for us are the policy prescriptions that Fried111anchatnpioned: privatization of public resources, deregulation
of the private sector, and cuts to social services.
As David Harvey _______________________

considered to be the respotl.5ibility of government.
As Milton Friedman's calls to deregulate, privatize, and cut
social spending are amwered with a heavier and heavier hand,
NGOs are springing up to fill the gaps left when the state leaves.
As L.A. cuts it's funding to public schools, Green Dot, a huge
non-profit funded by the Eli Broad Foundation (it's easy to see
why Eli had some extra ca5h, he's on the board at AIG, the folks
who got an $80 billion bailout with your tax dollars), is opening 12 privately controlled, tax-payer funded charter schools. As
govenunents around the world are forced to shut down breakfast
and lunch progranl.5 due to IMF 1nandated neo-liberal refonns ,
OXFAM International is expanding its food program to never-before seen levels. As U.S. Presidents one after another destroy the
institutiotl.5 designed to regulate things like the derivatives trade ,
many finance corporations are starting side-project non-profits to
do "pub lic education", or provide "insider's advice" and "an objective eye." Charles Schwab has one, a5 does Lexington Finance
Capital.
_

points out, these poli- The no,:i-pro.fit1-11as
relied upon heavily to divert the Labol' Ideology
cy prescriptions, taken evolutionary struggle to control 1-11ealth,
and the
Now whether these shifts are good
together, and analyzed neans o roducin it into 1norere omiist stru
le. or bad is up to you to decide . Howeve r,
from their e111ergence
the thing I' 111111astinterested in is the
within a specific point in the develop111entof capitalism, represen t
shifting ideologies of the workers conducting the labor that is now
a concerted attack on the power of working class and poor people,
being transferred to the Non-Pro fit and NGO sector. If you're like
and the consolidation of cla5s power in the hands of the wealthy .
a lot of college folks, you probably know somebody who works
In the 1920s, Ricardo s and Smiths ideas were being pretty well
for a non-profit. And you may or 1nay not know somebody who
heeded: the owners of capitalism were allowed to do pretty much
works for the government in so111ecapacity. The odds are really
whatever they wanted. In the SOyears between the stock 111arket good that the public worker is in a union and the non-profit workcrash that ended the do1ninance of classical economic liberalis111 er is not. Public workers have one of the highest levels of union
and Reagans defeat of the Air Traffic Controller's strike that sigdensity of any sector in the U.S. Econo111y. Non-profit workers
naled the beginning of economic neo-liberalis111, workers made
have one of the lowest.
great strides in gaining access to high quality education, creating
Who ever heard of a non-profit worker in a union?! Nonstrong social security nets, and ensuring public oversight of the
profits are the ones "doing the n1ast good". (You've seen the Saldoings of veiy wealthy . Since 1981, many of those stei:r; have
vationAnny trucks, right?) They don't need unions! Unions are
been undone.
for stopping big corporatio11.5!
It 's been interesting to
watch my friends graduate and 111oveon to jobs around the counTI1eNon-Profit
tiy . Many have gone on to jobs in the non-profit sector. Not one
Non -profits , or not-for-profit organization'>, have played an
has gotten a job in the public sector. For many of them the ideolinteresting role in many of these stages of capitalis1n. In the late
ogy that organizes their relatiorl'lhip to their jobs goes something
1800 s, as industrial capitalism became dominant, wealthy induslike tllis: "My job could be better, but at least I get paid to do
ttialists like Andrew Can1egie and John Rockefeller needed ways
so1nething I mostly believe in, so it could be woise." This see1ns
to avoid paying taxes on the vast sums of n1oney they were makto 1ne to be the dominant ideology of non-profit labor, and a cening. So they invented foundations. When Andrew Can1egie had
tral organizing ideology of labor generally in neo-liberal capital.
fi11ishedfiring Gatling gwl.5 into crowds of workers on strike fro111
Tllis is veiy different fro111the ideology of 1nany workers
llis iron plants so they would stop complaining about their kids
in the public sector. For 111anyteachers, postal se1vice workers,
starving, he woulds how his gratitude for their subtnission by havclerks and technicians, and service workers , the recognition that
ing his foundation build the town a libraiy or a new school. And
the govenunent won't help people unless it 's forced to is a basic
he would write it off his r::---:-~----:----:--------::--:--:---:----:----:-----w
part of their experience on the job. That 's why
taxes. As foundation,
ublic workers have one of tfie highest levels O ther have unions: so that they can collectivize
beca111e popular a1nong nion density of any sector in the S. Econorny. their power and 1nake sure they have so111esay
the veiy rich, groups be- on- ro .t worKers have one O the lo1-1iest.
over what happen'> at work
gan springing up to take
Tilis drastic shift points to so111einterestadvantage of this organization of excess wealth. The non-profit
ing conclrnions. This shift of the labor of unionized public serwas born.
vants to non-union non-profit labor is consistent with the general
During the sixties, as workers around the world fought for
attack on workers and workers' power that is an underlying feapower, the non-profit beca111ean even 1nore itnportant tool. In
ture of neo-liberalismgenerally. Furthennore, tllis tra11.5fonnation
A111erica,as groups like the Black Panthers and Malcohn X's Orof labor means that workers as a class have less say over the inga1lization of African-An1erican U1lity developed new analyses
stitutions they depend 011 Tllis shift in ideology has far-reaclling
of cla5s power, the non-profit was relied upon heavily to divert
consequences. The elevation and expai1.5ionof non-profit workrevolutiona1y stn1ggle over the control wealth, and the 111eamof
ers into what was once the "pub lic sector" is also about setting an
producing it, into 111orerefonnist stniggle. The Ford Foundation
example. Why should any worker deserve a tulion to get help for
in particular threw huge sunl.5 of money to the Congress on Racial
thei r proble1ns? Shoul dn' t they just seek out help from the nonEquality (CORE) , with the explicit ailn of tunling the civil rights
profit?
movement away from revolutio11
There are lots of non-profits that do really itnpo1tant work
In our own tilne , fotmdations continue to provide tax shelters
arow1d the world; I in no way want to tmdennine that fact. But
for the veiy wealthy, veiy large non-profits continue to shift the
you know what would 111aketheir work better, n1ore respo1l'live to
focus of social struggles, but in the context of neo-liberalis111,we
the needs of com1nunities, stronger in the face of cutbacks? You
have a new kind of non-profit -- the NGO. NGOs, or non-goven1guessed it! THE UNION MAKES US STRONG!
111entalorganizatio11.5,are called such because they do work often

o

56

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

,ecausecivilliberties
cat1.,t
protectthetttselves.
'

I

'

I

Grassroots
Campaigns,
Inc.is
currentlyhiringcampaign
staff
to workon ACLUcampaigns
to
defendthefreedomof all
Americans.

Grassroots , Campaiqns

f _

*********
1)isorientation ffiuibe 2009~ to

AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES

UNION

57



~
'
______
)K_
\


c~re

~a1ur{i



I
I
I
I
I
I.,.
I
I
I
I

145 Laure l St Santa Cruz, CA.
(831] 429-8505



Open 1 0 AM Till 3 :00 AM Every Day

■■■. ■DTUDNIJ■f!~.IJIJII

Associate Vice Chancellor
Dean of Students

58

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

ar:
W/ijf weneedanAntiwar nwvement zoulerOGama
The richest 2% of adults possess n1orethan half the
world's wealth. The richest 10% own 85 % of the wealth (Empire and In1perialis1n,Ja1nesPetras On Rulers and the Ruled
in US E1npire by Kim Petersen) We live in a highly stratified
world. Impetialism and colonialis1nhave given way to globalization, and the new world order maintains the legacies of the
systems that preceded it. At the 1nostbasic level, these inequalities in wealth are rooted in do1ninationand control, in a global
hierarchy of power.
The US is the richest and 1nostpowerful country
in the world, a position derived fron1a legacy of genocide,
intervention, and coercion. We live in a stratified capitalist
system based on the exploitation of
the working class
at hon1eand the
subjects of the
new US itnperialis1nabroad. We
live in a nation of
elections which are supposed
to represent our voices within
a representational den1ocracy.
TI1oseelected are entrrnted
to 1nakepolicy. But who do
they really represent? Has it
ever been a goven1ment of the
people? Elected officials are accountable to
the special interest groups that provide the capital to run political ca1npaigm. But what power does voting really grant the
rest of us? Ideally we would have healthcare, strong environmental policy, free education, and a classless system. In.c;tead
we have torture, prisons, exploitation, toxic indust1y, and
discrimination Unless you benefit from trickle down econo1nics and laissez-faire capitalist accumulation of wealth, the USA
doesn't represent you.
Barrack Oban1aran on a platfonn of change, but how
much can he really do? What is he even willing to do? War

...the U.S spends more on miliklrism than
all other countries combined and has over
700 military bases worldwide...
and ilnperialis1nhave shaped the United States to be a world
super power; the new adtninistration inl1eritsthis legacy and
has to face the entrenched powers that profit fro1nit. Tue
US spends n1oreon its military than every other country in

the world co1nbined,but the Oba1naad1ninistrationhas only
increased the 1nilitarybudget which takes up over 50% of the
federal budget overall. Brniness as usual is war: Oba1na's military policy is business as rnual.

The wars in Iraq, Afghanistanand Palestine are historically
co111plex
issues.

Iraq:
Death tolls: Iraqis Approx. 187,000, US troo1isApprox. 5000
TI1espread of neoliberalism has allowed for the
p1ivatizationof al1nostall natural resources. As a result Exxon
Mobil makes record-breaking profits, and Hallibu1ton gets
billion.c;in no bid contracts to "rebuild Iraq". The reality of
-~
'!" econotnic growth and record profits is devastating: 1nilliom displaced fro1nthere hon1es,
kidnappings in
the n1idclleof
the night, torture, lives
lost and fa1niliesdestroyed Iraq's infrastructure
has been decin1ated,but the architects of this
egregiou.c;war have yet to follow throngh on the
rebuilding co1nmittnentsthey 1nadein the beginning. The conditiom are worse now than under
the Ba'athParty. An example being; on average
Iraqis get about 4 hours of electricity a day. The
invasion was justified by lies, and when those were
exposed, the rationale shifted to liberation. But the war in Iraq
isn't liberating Iraqis; it's killing them



After the fall of Saddam, Iraqis began to co1netogether
in co1n1ntu1ities
and elect representatives. The U.S denied this
fonn of de1nocratic govenunent, and instead, US leaders opted
for appointing warlords and brniness elites who prnhed the US
agenda. Ultin1ately,this war is about control over the resources
of Iraq, and the subjugation of the Iraqi people. If the war
were about freedo1nthe US would have left long ago imtead
of staying in Iraq as an occupying force. TI1ecurrent tin1eline
calls for A1nericanco1nbattroops to withdra\v by Augrnt 2010,
leaving behind a residual force of 35,000-50,000 troo1isto train
and advise the Iraqi security forces until a final pullout by the
end of2011.TI1ereare now about 130,000 U.S. troo1isin Iraq.
TI1isdoes not include the private n1ercenariesof Xe (fonnerly
Blackwater) andsitnilar operatiom. And of couISe, a network
of permanent US 1nilitarybases will remain in Iraq.
All the while, we can certainly rely on the 1nainstrea1nmedia to
applaud the ilnperialist occupatio11

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

59

day, even while the VA looes funding and refuses support to
Afghanistan:
the returned soldiers who still carry the war in their bodies and
Afghanistan has historically been a land of conquest
minds
and battle, a buffer zone throughout British colonialis1nand
the ilnperialism of the USSR TI1eUS, too, has had a long-runTI1ereare over 15 1nillionIraqi refugees--and well over
ning interest in Afghanistan. In the 70s and 80s, the U.S milihalf a 1nillioncivilians have died due to the occupation of their
taiy played a central role in assembling radical forces known
countiy. The wars in Iraq andAfghanistan have drained the US
as the 1nujahedeento fight the Russians (reme1nberthe Cold
econo1nyand crippled public infrastructure at home: since AuWar?). In 1981 millions of dollars and% tons of weapons went
gust 20th 2009 $900,594,599,024 has been spent on the war in
from the US to the new 1nujahedeen. Today, the 1nujahedeenis
Iraq, and some project that the overall coot of the war and occupretty well known in the US, but by its new na1ne: the Taliban.
Formed out of conflict within the n1ujahedeen,the Taliban rooe
pation will total over $3 trillion. Where does it go? Billions of
to power in the 90s, and the US continued to support the orgadollars have gone
nization in its new form, mootly via the CIA
to US corporations
OFF
which have
Yes,
The wordsfreedom and democracy are hol- notoriously
dtuing
left their
the Cold
low in refe1·enceto U.S intervention.
contracts
War the
unfulfilled. Many
US play a critical supporting role in the develop1nentof the
millions of dolTaliban and its rise to power. Then, following Septe1nber11,
lars are co1npletely
2001, the US fingered the Taliban and one of its leaders, Osan1a
unaccounted forBin Laden, for the plane attacks. Again, there was a histoiy:
-they've simply
Osa1naBin Laden had helped build the mujahedeen and the
vanished There's
Taliban, and in his efforts he had built a relationship with the
nothing den1ocratic
US (again, the CIA). So, to be clear: TI1eUS helped build the
about this war; it
veiy organizations and leadership that were targeted in the sodoesn't represent or
called War on Terror.
liberate any of us.
In this count1y,the
And what has US retaliation (against a vague, fonnless
militaiy gets half of
ene1nythat it funded, trained and armed for decades) wrought?
the national budget,
TI1eeffects of this new war--on top of the past decades of civil
war fueled by foreign i1nperialpowers--have been devastating.
companies too big
to fail get bailouts,
US-backed Warlords, Taliban leaders and US occupying forces
and yet there is no 1noneyfor education or healthcare.
are in a constant, violent struggle for power; mortality and
suffering mark the daily lives of htmdreds of thousands. TI1ere
really are no options for the people of Afghanistan, where
Israel:
For decades, Israel has been conducting an illegal octhe infrastn1cture has been decin1atedby attrition, bo1nbings,
cupation of Palestine, and has continued to break inten1ational
battles, drug trades and religious authoritarianis1n. Unemploylaw, specifically UN security council Resolution 242, without
ment as of 2008 est. at 40%, which is why the opiu1ntrade
is flotuishing, and it ren1aill'lone of the only viable 1nea1l'lof
being held accotmtable. Israel is also a significant ally to and
client of the US. The 1nootpowerful lobby inAmerican politics
inco1nefor n1anyAfghanis. As the bo1nbingscontinue and the
is arguably the A1nericanIsraeli Public Affairs Co1n1nittee
occupation intensifies,The Taliban grows. TI1eTaliban offers
(AIPAC). Among other arrangements, this partnership entails
retribution for the looses of war; it offers income; it is the only
$7 1nillionper day in US 1nilitaiyaid to Israel and a lack of
force capable of resisting a highly unpopular and violent ocdepth and balance in 1nainstrean11nediacoverage of the concupation. This is not a good or necessaiy war. Violence and opflict in Israel/Palestine. US support embolde1l'lIsrael's expanpression is not the answer. This is a war that is only deepening
sion and settlement effo1ts,weakening chances for a fair and
the veiy histoiy of imperialisn1and exploitation out of which it
peaceful solution. Israel is able to enforce its subjugation of the
grows.
Palestinian people and its policy of segregation with the politiThese realities are not featured in 1nai1l'ltrean1
news
cal, n1ilita1y,economic and technological aid it receives fro1n
coverage. While ex-Geneals
the US. Palestinians have been con·alled and
give their expert opinions about ((18 Veteranscommit suicide a day""
forced into ghettoo suffocated by repression
the latest n1ilitaiystrategy, the
and violence. Palestine and its occupants
suffering, political meaning and histo1ies of these wars are all
are tightly controlled and heavily surveilled, subjugated to the
ohscured and suppressed. 18 veterans co1nmitsuicide each
constant presence of the Israeli 1nilitaiy in their daily lives.

ON

60

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

Checkpoints bisect Palestinian life, controlling move1nentto
and from work, to visit family or the doctor, to shop.
The realities of Palestinian life are certainly not portrayed forthrightly in 1nainstrea1nUS media. Oba1nahas stayed
fairly consistent with Bush's policy towards Israel, except
perhaµ, he doesn't boast as 1nuchabout close relations with
Israel. He barely takes a stand again.stnew Israeli settle1nents,
and when independent and official reports docu1nentthe illegal
expansion of Israeli settlements into what's left of Palestinian
land,
$7 million per day in US military aid Israel

to Israel and a la.ckof depth and bal- faces no
repercusance in mainstream media cover,,ge sions.
The
alliance between the militarized govenunents of the US and
Israel does not represent the Palestinians, nor does it represent
average Jewish Israelis or A1nericans for that matter. Insofar as
peace with justice is the best possible outco1nefor the majority of people living in Israel/Palestine, the military interests
that the Israel/US alliance represent, and the violence that they
cause, only hurt the people of the region.
What hope does the Oban1aadministration represent
when it sits atop all these histories of war and oppression?
Oba1nahad to n1n on a platfonn of change, but his administration pursues the same policies and rhetorical strategies that
have fo1n1edthe foundation of US power for decades. He gives
grand speeches, but these are hollow words. Oba1naspeaks of
nuclear abolition, yet supports the manufacture of new plutoniu1npits production (footnote: Plutoniu1n pits are the reactive
core for nuclear weapons and a n1ostvital ele1nentin the construction of nuclear weapons). Obama speaks of withdrawing
trooµ,, but he increases 1nilitaryfunding, intensifies the war in
Afghanistan, and never speaks of the pennanent military bases
US trOOll'i
Obama speaks of withdrawling
will continue
troops, but he increases military
to staff in
Iraq for the
funding ...
foreseeable
future. We live in the age of re-branding. As a way to get out
of the heat, war profiteering corporations simply change their
nan1es,political parties change their hnage, banks and finance
corporations change n1anage1nent--butall this reorganization
covers up the continuity: Imperialis1nis a systen1ic and oppressive feature of US society, and Barrack Oba1nadoes not
represent any change in that regard We need to look into the
realities and not let some grandeur speech sway us into thinking that change can come from one ma11A quote from Oba1na
hiniself, "Change doesn't co1nefro1nWashington, it conies to
Washington", and WE need to bring it.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

61

THE WHITESTUC
Some reasons why our schoolis mostly 11/hite
This University institution serves many purposes; providing an educat ion is only one of them. A lot of us chose to pursue higher because we want to continue learning, or b ecause we
think get ting a college degree is necessary to get the job we want
and the salary we think ,ve need. Ho,v do our asp irations match
up with the historical cons t ruc t ion and uses of inst itution _alized
educat ion, as ,veil as the pedagogy or method of teaching 1t perpetua tes? In Amer ica there is the commonly held ideal that you
can "pull yourse lf up by your bootstraps" and cross the class line.
But ,vhen you look at the institutions in place, this myth of class
mobility is mere ly a smokescreen for the injustices and inequalities that shape the syste1n. People from upper classes and income
brackets have better access to education, further reinforcing the
existing class systerns.

Structure:
Education is a tool of the elite class to secure the future
of their offspring. (see pg. 4). Think about it. Who has access to
schools, and how are they set up? 1here are funding gaps in k- 12
educat ion systems. Thank you Prop 13. Local governmen t s provide almost half of the cost of K-12 educa tion, the other half is
generated by property taxes from wealthy communities , whic_h
means unequal resource distr ibution in schoo ls. In the U.S there 1s
an emphasis on local fund ing, this trans lates to a system of racial
apartheid in funding for education. There is a blatant disparity
between the resources available to inner-city schools and those
available to schoo ls in the subu rbs - a disparity that is highly racialized. Sorne aft1uent suburban school
districts spend two
or three times more
on the educat ion of
their ch ildr en th an
either urban or ru ral communities can
afford. This institu tionalized
racism
pervades educa tions
nationally. 22% of
American children
wake up every day in
poverty, with a black
child being 3% more
~
likely to be poor
than a white child .
There are 2.3 million
Americans incarcer11.......,
ated today. African
American people
are 6 times more
likely to be arrested
than ,vhite people ,
r;,y.,, .'!;
and 1 out of every 3
African American boys will spend time in prison in their lifetime.
The funding hoarded for this type of institutional surveillance,
discipline and punishment is comp letely dispropor tionate to the
funding towards educa t ion, as $50 billion a year is spent on the

62

Prison Industria l Complex. Accord ing to William Ayers, in the
last 20 years California has built 20 prisons but on ly one school
(2001). Institutiona lized racism roo t s in the very way the education system is set up, meaning that a child's opportunities in life is
limited based on their race and class.

Effects:
Every person is a multidimensiona l being who has complex desires, needs, and capacit ies . Yet the way th~t ~hildren _are
taught is the same. K-12 schools are set up as nuru-fa~tor1es .
Everybody is doing the same tasks; learning the same thing and
doing the same assignments, and the product is ho,v ,veil you can
regurg itate what you learned by passing standardized tests . This
type of education offers fe,v choices and strang les chances for
poor peoples. This leads to the death of hope - apathy - as our
needs are not met and we find ourselves strugg ling to "succeed"
accord ing to the standards of institutiona lized educat ion and the
market. When peoples needs are not met by the schools that
are supposed to help them , they are left with few option s.
What's left?: "crime " (and the so-called criminal justic e system ), military service, and the Mc Shackles of the service
economy. But even if a person does make it through a general
educa t ion, the odds of going onto higher educat ion are sti ll low,
especially for those who are not white or middle / upper class .

In higher education the cost of tuition is a major filter of who is able to attend (see budget cuts pg. 25). 1hose ,vho
have the financia l support of parents are more likely to succeed,
while those ,vho don't have the odds stacked up against them.
Racialized ethnic status groups are underrepresented in higher
education ,vhile overrepresented in prisons . Leading the UC to
be dominated by ,vhite students. UCSC specifically is the w_hitest
of the Universi ty of Californ ia corpora t ion. Grants are an eftort to
alleviate th e inequality of accessibil ity, but they are no rea l solution to the systernic inequa lities of educat ion in the US. Loans, of
course, are another option , and another way to tie working class
studen ts to the market after graduat ion.
Even if you are able to pay for tuition and books , you
still need to have money for the cost of living. "Thosedependent
on parental income for room and board are able to focus their
energy and time on their classes and schoohvork. Those ,-vho do
not have the financial backing are forced to get a job, limiting
the time spent on class work. In addition , those who do better in
their undergrad are more likely to continue their education . Given all this, it's obvious those individua ls ,vho come from money
are more likely to succeed.

Pedagog y: Creating a Product
The teacher spea ks, you listen; in K-12 you are not supposed to ques tion ,vhat is being taught. Paulo Freir ie, in his book
Pedagogy of the Oppressed , speaks of this structure as the banking system. As the student, you are treated as a blank slate, and
the teacher inscr ibes th ese lessons on you . Freirie goes on to say
how this is not an eftective way of learn ing, because what students need is engagement and critical analysis of the world. At
UCSC and other Universities professors do encourage a deeper
analysis of the materia l given. Yet, \-Veare still not taught t_oquestion why, or what mater ials are given. In K-12 education the
government decides on what is the appropriate knowledge
to be learned in schools, the curriculum, and makes sure that
a teacher does not stray from that set curricu lum , perpetuating a
one sided view.
At the Univers ity there is a littl e more freedom for the

Disorientation Guide.w ordpress.con1

professor to choose what topics will be covered in the classroom,
Alternatives
There are alternat ive classroom settings in wh ich stuand what assignments will be done. Yet the system still requires
us to submit to the legitimat ion and regurgitation of secondary
dents are more actively engaged in the format ion and practice
school, only in a slightly more sophist icated form . Ultimately of their own education. We can take advantage of some of these
we are indoctrinated to not ---alternatives offered at UCSC . For
question this institutionalexamp le, the Educat ion for Susta inl • [
• able Living Program offered every
ized knowledge factory. \Xie
.,.~,::
_:.:
..i~
- =_
spr ing (see pg 42) involves student are given many tools in institutiona lized
educat ion,
led seminars and hands-on field
but question ing institutions
study . These forms of radica l pedaof power is not one of them .
gogy have produced some great
We are still not taught the
results . Imagine the possibilities of
tools to create, but to follearn ing when our creativity is not
lo,v, because of this we belimited. Consider ing the nature of
this art icle, do not take th is as truth;
come the perfect subjects.
A degree ultimately tells so ana lyze and take it into your subciety that \Ve are discip lined,
--. jective reality, and then share this
good little cogs in the makno\vledge, because you are just as
chine. As much as \Ve may
• ~_, 1capable of teaching and spread ing
disagree \Vith the \vay the
kno,vledge as any professor. lvlore
classroom is set up we must
importantly question everyth ing
and learn in a way tl1at is most bencomply in order to succeed
according to standards. But
eficial to you!!!!!
there are st ill other ,.vays that
,.ve can gather kno\vledge,
and develop a broader out look on life, and reality .

-r--r-i1r
n--- •.!1J~iff~f;J~
.~;
~
~
~i•;
-~
~
J
~
r-:.r.::
..._,...
:!r:;~
----.c
i:.:.i-----~
,7

•Burn
• • •Your
• •Textbooks
• • • • • • • • •crescendos
• • • • •of•debate
• • • • • • • storing
• • • •the1n
• • in• tnemory
• • • • • • • spread
• • • the1n
• • •on• your
• • •desks
•••
by Andrew Lowe
------------------

this is ho,v it should be

Students
go home tonight
and burn your textbooks
and expect nothing less
than fire from your teachers

instead
there is only the 1netronome
of space bars
as students
try frantically
to copy down
the slides

these power point slides
that have replaced the
honesty
of chalk
make 1nesick to n1ystomach

each second
an opportunity
dying trajectly

it's so easy
nowadays
to pretend
to teach
to go through the motions
to force feed us knowledge
point by point
bullet by bullet
by bullet
we are killing ourselves
falling asleep in class
when. class should be like
mUSIC

with unsettling undertones
of knowledge
rising melodies of analysis

so tell n1e
where are the teachers who
touch lives
so co1npletely
we can not call what they do
teaching
but only alchen1y
where are the teachers
who refuse to follow the
lesson plans
but plant lessons like foot
steps
for us to follo,v
where are the teachers
who treat us not like
machines for copying
power point slides

like con1puters
printing the1nout
like con1puters
on to scantron tests
that are graded
by cotnputers
where are the teachers
who treat us like hu1nan
beings
we must make way
we must make way
for a ne,v generation of
teachers
who are sick and tired
of the bullshit
their teachers pretended
to teach them
because what n1olded
and transformed me
the most in life
were teachers

and detnand
to be treated
like tnore
than a distraction fron1
research
than a mark
on so1negraduate student's
resume
more than a number
a product
a grade
den1andto be
shown inside the fire
of your teacher's hearts
or at least
den1andan education
worth more
than the price
of a library card

not textbooks

our text books
are kindling
and I expect
nothing less than fire
frotn my teachers

so tonight
go ho1ne
gather your textbooks
6urn the111

because I would hope
they would expect
nothing less
than fire fron1me

take the ashes
bring the1nto class

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

63

FUCK PROP 8! (But notfor tlie reasons) IOU 've already heard)
The same-sex marriage debate is freciuentlyhailed
as the civil rights battle of tlus generation. For now, I will
overlook some of the problen1atic issues that con1e with
this clai1n,and focus on what sa1ne-sex1narriage1nea11S
to
queer individuals and its impact on (re)defining (or perhaps
(re)enforcing) what it 1nea11S
to be "gay". As we see more
and 1noresuppo1t for the legalization of "gay" marriage, we
1nustbegin to question what exactly is being fought for, and
exa1nine how this particular "fight for equality" has been
diluted of all radical potential.
A few definitions...
A few ter1nswill be useful to understand in this discussion. Heteronormativity is the nonnalization of heterosexuality: tlle 1narginalization of non-heterosexual lifestyles
and the inherent belief that heterosexuality is the "normal"
sexual orientation. This includes the notion that people fall
into easily distinguishable categories of male and fen1ale,
and further that these 1nalesand fe1nalesalign perfectly with
masculine and fe1ninine gender roles. Queer: a word that
often lies just out of reach of a concrete definition. Queer
is son1eti1neshailed as an tnnbrella tenn, but usually used
to discuss all that is not "hetero": lesbian, gay, homosexual, bisexual, tra11Sexual,intersexual, tra.nsgender, asexual,
pa.nsexual,01nnisexual, polyamorous, and a 1nyriadof other
fonns of self-identification. However, the tern1queer can supersede sexual identity and is often used as a political statement agai11Stheterononnativity. Cultural hegemony: The
control and dominance of one social group over all other
social groups. Cultural hegemony institutes the rules, 1norals, and values of the do1ninantsocial group as the nor1n.
Marriage: the holy union between a man and a wo1nan.Just
kidding.

By SummerK

bride is still syn1bolicallytreated as a co1nn1odity
, "handed
over" by her father to her husband, with her na1nechanged
to ' Mrs. (Groo1n's na1ne)', syn1bolicallystripping her of an
independent identity. These traditions show marriage itself

[Marri<ige]tr<ulitionssliolv mltrriage itself llSinherendy oppresswe, llSthey edify male dominance llnd
commodifythefenuile body. In a society stntctured
aroundplltrutrchy(such as the one lve lwe in),
nutrriagelvorksas ll tool to reinforce this niode of
domination.

as inherently oppressive, as they edify 1naledo1ninanceand
com1nodifythe fe1nalebody. In a society structured around
patriarchy (such as the one we live in), n1arriageworks as a
tool to reinforce this mode of domination.
Let's explore 1nycontinued use of quotatiotlSaround
the phrase "sa1ne-sex". In discussions of 111arriagesand
unio11S
between queer couples, we 1nostoften see use of tlle
tenns "san1e-sex1narriage" and "gay n1arriage"(seriously-do a Google News search to see how many ti111es
phrases like
"transgender 111arriage
", "queer marriage", "bisexual 1narria.ge", "transexua.l1narriage", and "inter-sexual 1narriage"
co1neup. You 1nightbe surprised). This continua.Idiscussion
of only "gay" or "same-sex" marriage accepts the dominant
understandingsof sexuality as binary. Other possible sexual
identities/orientatio11S
between, outside of, and beyond the
gay/straight dichotomy are ignored as possibilities in any
1narriageinvolving a queer pa1tnership. Despite the 1nyriad
possibilities of personal identification, sexual orientation,
and sex-to-gender 1napping, "gay" and "sa1ne-sex" are used
as umbrella terms for everything "non-heterosexual" . Tenns
like "gay marriage" and "san1e-sexn1arriage"co1nepacked
Same-sex or gay? WTF?!
with a 1nultitudeof assumptions about what these partnerMany people (both within and outside of queer "co1nn1uni- ships 1na.yor 1nay not be, further cen1enting our society's
ties") will happily sport an "Ove1turnProp 8" rainbow bu1n- hegemonic perception of what sexuality may and 1nay not
per sticker without a question. Argu1nentsto ove1turnProp consist of.
8 aren't without 111erit.When viewed in simplistic, broad
So what happens for those of us who identify as bi/
terms, it only 1nakesse11Sethat marriage inequality repre- trans/pan/inter/etc.? This notion of "sa1ne-sex" and "gay"
sents the larger social inequality experienced by "sexual mi- 1narriage only se1ves to 1nargina.Iizethose who challenge
norities". Under the view that equality in 1narriage entails a serial 1nonogamyor who feel oppressed by a binary gengeneral acceptance in society, support for "san1e-sex"1nar- der /sex system, thereby excluding 1nanyqueer individuals
riage only seen1s natural for queer individuals, friends, and (Fuck that!). This leads into another key word for the day:
a.Ihes.
homonormativity.
So, what's so wrong witll supporting "same-sex"
1narriage?Well, in order to answer that question, we need Homo-what?
to de-construct (if only partially) the tenn "sa1ne-sex 1narHo1nonor1nativ
ity is the process by which certain
riage". Let's first focus on the "1narriage"part.
queer identities are valued as more wo1thy than others of
What exactly is 1narriage?As it has been 1nadeclear acceptance- specifically those identities and practices that
in recent 1nediafe1vorover tlle subject, it depends on who1n fall closest in line with the heterononnative social standard.
you ask, and political/religious affiliations can often play an Now that we've seen how "sa1ne-sex" marriage co1npacts
important role. Regardless of the answer, taking a look at a varied field of sexual identities into a binary systen1, we
what marriage means socially and historically can give us a can explore other ways in which "same-sex" marriage furgeneralsense of what it actually co11Stitutes.
In the "Western", ther constructs ho1nononnativity: through the prescription
Eurocentric tradition, marriage has often been viewed fro1n of heteronormative gender roles.
an econo1nicstandpoint. Historically, unions were decided
In this "same-sex" 1narriagedebate, the media (esbased on what was most econon1ica.llybeneficial for one pecially the "liberal" 1nedia)loves to pick out certain sa1neor both parties (read: patriarchal kinslup groups) involved. sex couples as exa1nplesof how awesome and normal and
These econo1nicexchanges were/are inherently patriarchal, functional sa1ne-sex unio11S
/families can be (Is this supas is still seen in the majority of 1nodern,veddings. The posed to be a surprise?). However, almost without fail, each

64

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

couple described is only done so in tenns of how well they
align with a heteronormative standard of how couples and
fa1nilies"should" operate. Queer couples with children are
immediately assigned traditional gender roles of "1110
1nn1y"
and "daddy". It is absolutely certain that not all, and not
even the 1najority, of queer partnerships operate in this n1anner. What is important to note here is that the n1ediaportrays
queer unions as acceptable only when they fall in line with
heterononnative standards. Of queer partnerships, those that
act the most "straight" are valued as 111oreworthy of 111arriage than those that deviate from the heteronormative gender/power dynamics.
This trend is 1noreapparent when it co1nesto a wedding itself. All too often queer couples that have decided to
get married face the question: "So, who is the bride and who
is the groo1n?" Heteronormative society is far more co1nfortable seeing two women at the altar if one is in a suit and
,
the other is in a dress, because at least this pair seems to traits of direct action ai1ned at assitnilationist tendencies,
have adopted the "nonnal" 111asculine
/feminine gender di- police brutality, and the don1inantsocial syste111.Looking
chotoniy. Couples that do Wh11tstarted as <trevolutio,u1rymoment <tmoment lVlien the current "civil rights'.' dechoose to express the111..
..
~
bate over san1e-sex marnage,
selves in this n1anner are recognition and legzti11Utcy
lvere t<ikeninstead of asked we see that the fire that 0orew
valued more than couples for hits nolvft:aJeddolvn into a polite requestfor refonn. 'rom the Stonewall Riots has
that break the sex/gender '
mostly extinguished itself.
barrier-and are hatled as exa111plesthat "san1e-sex" 111ar- What started as a revolutiona1y 1noment,a 1no1nentwhen
riage can be just as "nonnal" and acceptable as its hetero- recognition and legitimacy were taken instead of asked for,
sexual counterpa1t.
has now fizzled down into a polite request for refonn. This
1nainstrean1"same-sex" marriage battle is lacking in one of
''Queer Marrige": An Oxyinoron
the basic tenants that Stonewall established: radical energy.
You 1naybe asking yourself, "So, what's up? Isn't
Here we can return to our original definition of
the sa1ne-sex 1narriage battle better than no battle at all? If "queer", and explore its use as not only a description of
you don' t like 1narriage, then don't get one! But those of sexual/gender-orientation, but also as a political title. When
us who want to marry our pa1tnersshould be allowed to." I used in this sense, queer reaches beyond sexual practices
can see where you' re coining from, but I don't think we' re and challenging heterononnativity; it seeks further to chalasking the right questions. This new "civil rights" battle lenge those do1ninantsyste1ns infused with patriarchy. We
certainly has its 1nerits.But I would lik
,1aveseen how tnarriage functions as a
you to consider the historical context o
tool of patriarchy, but it is vital to realize
the "gay" rights 1nove111ent.
This year is the
the broader picture: patriarchy is not just
40th year anniversary of the Stonewall Riso1nething that is played out between indiots-what son1e deem as the birth of today's
viduals, but it is a characteristic of a broader
1noven1ent.The riots evoked an outcry that rescapitalist society. Capitalism itself is depenonated through co1nmunitiesacross the countiy.
dent on patriarchy, with its inherent hierarchies,

°

Sex
(Male/Fe111ale)
Sex is the biological distinction between pe11is
/scrotu1n/
testes and clitoris/labia/ovaries. We are Jed to believe that
being "biological,"sex is a natural, irrefutable and iln1nutable
reality of our world 111ereare, however, many people bon1
each year with 1nicro-"pe11ises"and enlarged "clitorises," with
fused labia and undescended testicles. As for ''secondary sexual
characteristics" (all those parts we use to distinguish 1nales
and fe1nales that aren' t the sexy bits), puberty does not bring
1ualenessequally to all "1nales," nor femaleness to all "females."
One of 1ny room1nates has ovaries and breasts and a respectable
beard she keeµ; tri1n1nedto a chin-beard and sideburns. Another
roommate of 1ninehas breasts no bigger than her smiling cheeks,
while many "males" grow C- and D-cuµ;. Some of the least
genderqueer 1uenI know can't grow a beard for the life of them
Let's add onto this already blurred bounda1y between 1nale and
fe1nalethe freedotn we demand to shape our own bodies, through
diet, exercise, scalpel, the piercer's needle, the honnone needle,
and the tattooists' gun. At this point ''sex ", that is to say bodies,
beco1nesites of reclan1atio11

Gender

(Man! Wo111an
;Boy/ Girl;Butch/Fe111111e)
Gender is an iterative production of a social role expressed
1nost evidently through dress, but also in speech, hobbies,
career choices/ opportunities,gestures, and nearly every 1node
of social expression available. Gender, through it's repetitive
production 1nanifests itself in our very bodies. "Wo1nen,"
through the types and amounts of food they consume, as well as
the types and amounts they exercise, 1nay build bodies that are
very different fro1nthe bodies "men" build Bodies are a site of
overlapping resistance, in bodies sex and gender are revealed as
silnultaneous oppressive forces on not just what we can do, but
even in the sort of body we're allowed to do it i11But WHY is
gender? Gender is a regulato1ysystem, much in the saine way
that race is a regulatory system. Both are exploited by capitalisn1
and both setve to suppo1t capitalist syste1ns of do1ninance.
Anticapitalist projects, therefore, are inco1npleteand inherently
failures without co1~ideration.sof gender. We need to not just
bring wo1neninto the scene, or 1uorewo1ueninto visible, active
positions, but in.steadrefuse to be regulated by the biopolitics of
gender.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

65

to function (think: the sexual division of labor, the devaluation of "traditional" won1en's work, power dynamics, etc.).
Queer sexualities, which challenge capitalisn1's hegemonic
hierarchies, are a direct hit to the capitalist syste1n. It is thus
that a queer identity should seek beyond 1nerely clai1ning
queer as a sexual/gender orientation, and instead use it as
a challenge to all fonns of do1nination and oppression, especially those that foster the current global arrangement of
power. In this pursuit, queer identity can find overlaps with
other radical anti-statist and anti-capitalist n1ove1nents
.

also pushes aside the significance of race, gender, and
class interconnectivity.
All of this ties
into a much tnore
expansive fonn
of assi1nilation.
Ifwe look to
"sa1ne-sex"
1narr1ageas
the ans\ver
Assimilation as Commodity
to social
The political fervor that has been sparked over the inequality,
"gay" 1narriagedebate has led to a host of political action we are accept(and inaction) within refor1nistinstitutionsand within our in- ing not only
dividual lives. In a capitalist/consumerist/shitty culture like assi1nilationto
ours, many of us tend to co1nn1odifyour atte111pts
at political a heteronorma(in)action. This can be seen not only in 1nonetarydonations tive standard of
to refor1nistinstitutions, but also in the plethora of anti-Prop sexual practice
8 butnper stickers that yell louder than any of their drivers and personal
ever will. Prop 8 haters were probably also stoked to see identity, but also
~----------,.----,,"'.1.Inerican Appar- assimilation to a
1's latest trendy (capitalist) system
fashion
state- that is inherently
II , • .,
1nent:the "Legal- oppressive. The
""'•■"·
ize Gay" t-shirt. anti-Prop. 8
t
adequately tnovement asks
1i ,.
hallenges heter- us to accept
't I
Queer
sexualities. Vllhich1
J
nonnativity by and sustain
, '
• chall'enge
, c:apita1ism··s hege-re-prescribing no- our current
moni~hi°erard!lies,are a direct
ions of ho1nonor- political and
1nativity-- all for social struc·. hit'
toflle capitalist system.
r •:
fl
(tnaybe) under tures, and
$30! No, no, work within
on' t take it to the those systen1s
treets... Actually, for refonn. It does nothing to question the legitimacy of
on' t worry about patriarchy, capitalism, and beyond. This particular political
hallenging cul- tnovement is dominated by reforn1istinstitutions (Equality
_o_ __
--'turalhege1nonyat Calfornia, Hutnan Rights Campaign, etc.), giving the moveall- let the products you buy do the talking.
tnent an entirely refonnist character and obscuring any
.---,----.-...- .......
_,,.-----,,.--...---=---,----.---.-.--,
radical potential. While the Stonewall Riots had begun to
... Actually, don't won-yabout clutllengingcultural he- challenge these systems as a whole, the current anti- Prop
gemony at all- let the products you buy do the talking. 8 1nove1nentdoes not look deep enouih into th~ existing
...______________________
_, power structures to find the root of tlus oppression.
So I say FUCK PROP 8, not because it pron1otes
Assimilation ;,eAcceptance ;,e Liberation
social inequality, but because it assun1esthat queer partnerThe battle for "same-sex" marriage is NOT a radical ships only seek to 1ni1nichetero partnerships, while obscurchallenge to heterononnative and homononnative notions of ing all other ways in which queer individuals are ostracized
what is an acceptable sexual/gender orientation. The anti- within heteronormative social structures. And I continue to
Prop 8 ca111paign
's construction of homonormativity leads say FUCK THE SAtvfE-SEX MARRIAGE DEBATE beus to the realization that "same-sex" 1narriageonly asks us cause the broader queer struggle has been abstracted fro1n
to assi1nilateto a heteronormative 1nold.The legalization of its radical challenge to cultural hegen1ony, and instead only
marriage between "sa1ne-sex" and "ga;:" couples does noth- desir~ to assimilate to and accept dominant systems of oping for the diverse queer "co1n111unity'
but split it into a tier- pression.
based syste1nof who is 1nostworthy to receive the economic
and social benefits of a marriage. In this system, queer-iden- Go ahead-- Check out this radical queer stuff!
tified individuals \Vhoatte1nptto 1naketheir partnerships replicate heterononnative couple-hoods are deserving of these http://www.gayshan1esf.org/
benefits.Anything outside of this structure is still considered http://ho1notopiafiltn.net/
illegiti111ate
. The assu1nptionthat marriage rights are equiva- (a filtn by UCSC grad students of the History of Consciouslent to social equality overlooks continued (syste1naticand ness department)
social) violence against queer individuals and assumes that http://www.lespantheresroses.org/
the right to n1arrysomehow n1eansthat trans-, ho1no-, and http://bashbacknews.wordpress.co111
/
queer-phobias have become null, void, and outdated, and http://tao.ca/~lin1pfist/

,9

'~

I

L_

66

__

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

Confronting Patriarchyand
Defining Sexual Consent
By Olive Oil
Let 1nepreface this article by establishing that I a1n
not an expert. I wrote this hoping to provoke 1norediscussion around the subject of sexual consent because it is a subject that is oftentimes ignored, and cannot be omitted from
discussions on issues of power and oppression.
Too often we forget to ask the right questions and
to assert our boundaries before, during, and after sex. Compounding this lack of sexual forthrightness are rigid notions
of gender roles and gendered behaviors. We have been conditioned as sexual and non-sexual beings to confonn to a
syste1nof beliefs rooted in the ethos of patriarchy, sexism,
and heterononnativity. This i1nposedsyste111of power and
ideology champions artificially constructed gender roles that
in turn infonn our sexual encounters. These gendered, socialized behaviors are the traits, characteristics, and behaviors we learn according to our birth-assigned gender.

In the current patriarchal political-social
syste1n, in which men, 1nale-bodiedindividuals, and male
gendered traits are valued over all others,.the traits correlating with each gender serve to enforce the idea that power resides with men. Power is unequally distributed to males over
fe1nales(and all other genders), and unfairly priviliges 1nale,
male-bodied, and 1nale gendered traits. This institution reflects the values, priorities, and views of 1nen as a group,
and the behaviors associated with it, more often than not,
assume a "woman's place" in the world is sub1nissive, nice,
and conforming role, corresponding to the social needs of a
man. It also assu1nesthat a 1nan's place is in a position of

control, knowing what to do--filling in the role of the hyper1nasculinizedstereotype of man.
On top of our gendered socialization, our interactions with our surroundings are strongly influenced by our
personal privileges, ranging fro1n gender privilege, racial
privilege, class privilege, sexual orientation, size, ability,
gender-orientation, and every other privilege out there. It
seems that our ability to n1entallysee the world is partially
reflected by our physical ability to interact with it based on
what we can and cannot do, due to our respective privileges. With regards to sex, patriarchy or 1nale-bodiedprivilege often utilizes sexual violence as a tool to 1naintain the
power heira.rchyover non- male-bodied or non-confonning
individuals. This skewed power dynamic shapes how we as
individuals interact with the world, and influences how we
engage in conversations about sex and in the physical act of
sex.
Conventional patriarchal nonns often back sexual
apathy. Deconstructing patriarchy as an oppressive sociopolitical syste1n demands that we confront preconceived
notions of gender and sex and that we wrestle with i~ pe~vasiveness in our daily lives. One s1na.llco1nponent111this
greater discussion about confronting patriarchy, sexual violence and deconstructing gender: sexual consent. It is i1nportant to cultivate positive sexual relations as a 1neansof
confronting patriarchy. The rhetoric of consent offers an oppo1tunity to confront socialized gender roles and behaviors
and deconstructs patriarchy on an inti1natelevel. The lanouaoe of sexual consent has the potential to create a unique
o o
.
space
in which we can cultivate healthy sexual re1ations
and
reclaim our sexuality.
While consent isn't defined the same way by everyone, it is an ongoing process at each new stage of sexual
inti1na.cythat is only possible through direct and respectful
dialogue between you and your sexual partner. For the purposes of this article, I will define consent as a mutual agree1nent between/a1nong two or more people, involving co1nplete awareness and coherence of the act and freedom fro1n
any n1anipulation,coercion, inti1nidation,or physical fore~.
It is the act of willingly and verbally agreeing to engage 1n
specific sexual conduct. For valid consent, all parties involved 1nusthave unimpairedjudg1nentand a shared understanding of the nature of the act to \vhich they consent, including safer sex practices. The person who initiates sexual
conduct is responsible for verbally asking for the consent of
the individual(s) involved. Consent must be obtained with
each new level of sexual conduct. Having given consent on a
previous occasion does not mean that a person has consented
to any future encounter. The person with who1nsexual conduct is initiated must verbally express their consent or lack
thereof. Silence conveys a la.ckof consent. If at any time
consent is withdrawn, the conduct 1nt1St
stop im1nediately.
Consent is ha.rd to define because there are 1nany
different levels of communication--body language, flirting/
innuendo, conversing, etc. The only way to be certain that
there is consent is through explicit verbal com1nunication.
Verbal consent is not only a question of "do you want to
fuck?" It also serves to inform your pa1tner of your sexual

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

67

preferences, boundaries, likes and dislikes.
about consent with friends, dates, lovers, partners, rootllConsent is only consent if it's an affirmative "yes", tllates, or whoever. Here are some questions to get you
not an a1llbiguous"yes", and certainly not a silent "yes", or started:
an I' Ill afraid to hurt your feelings "yes". Discussing consent with your partner in an open and honest manner is a
-How do you define consent? Do other people define it
trust-building exercise and ongoing practice that intensifys
differently?
inti1llacy.Affir1llingthat both people want to engage in sexually inti1llate acts is exciting, even erotic!
-What signs do you look for if so1lleonehas a hard ti1lle
Consent is also about NO. This means hearing that
verbalizing when son1ethingis wrong? Do you look for
a person is not ok being sexually inti1llate with you, or beonly verbal signs or are there other signs? Do you think
ing able to tell sotlleone that you are not ok with certain acit's possible to tllisinterpretsilence for consent?
tions, gestures, or behaviors. Consent
is about the expectation that your part- ~ '
ner, lover, friend, girlfriend, boyfriend,
spouse, etc. will respect your choices, ~
your requests and your answers to ~
their questions without deriding you, -=manipulating you, or coercing you in , ~
any way. When engaging in sexually inti1llateacts with others, it is vitally .;=: ·
important that you be aware of your =-_ words and behaviors so you don't act ~
in any way that n1ightmanipulate your ~ •-'"'
partners' behaviors or fra1lleof 1llind.':I;
Sexual coercion, even if your partner ~
doesn't explicitly say "no", is NOT ~
......
consensual sex. Never assun1e that :§3.
--.
your partner consents to having sex. If "i!f'
your partner does eight keg stands at a ~
ski and snowboard club party and is too ~
--.
-,t)
fucked up to fonll coherent sentences, ~
take that as a NO. Undenllining your ;;:partner's choice is antitheticalto Illutual ::•
and consensual sexual relations. It is a :;:--. .
breach of trust and a betrayal of choice ;
to the nth degree. Whatever reasons =..
your partner has for not wanting to en- ~
gage in sex should be respected. Ev- ;
e1yone has the right to define why and ~
how they will be touched at any time or ·
step along the way, no matter what you : :J
intend or want to share with then1and ::_
.

vice verse.
,.-. _
Part of consent is corrective. In
this world, our sexual choices are co1llpounded by coercive forces that tell us how to behave. Our
sexual choices are often undenllined through a confusing
-Do you think about people's abuse histories?
dynamic of gender role socializations, sexual manipulation,
and abuse and violence. Consent is a corrective practice in
-Have you ever been unsure about whether or not the perthat it teaches us to assert our autono1llyas individuals. As
son you were being sexual with wanted to be doing what
we wrestle with the coercive powers that be, engaging in
you were doing? Did you talk about it or ignore it?
sexual consent supports our efforts to transfonll our society
into one based on consent, not coercion.
-How does consent change in long-ter1llrelationships?

1~
-

~

-

COMfV\\JN\

-

--

,s

-

I

Consent in the Commu11ity!

I

Practicing consent is constantly understanding our desires
and boundaries and con1municatingthis with others. Talk

68

ON

WNN1:u1ED

-ntE

-

-

-----

-----

-

-

-Do you think it's the other person's responsibility to say
if they aren't ok or aroused by what you' re doing?
-Do you check in as things progress or do you assutlle that

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

the initial consent n1eanseve1ything is ok? How 1night Defensa de Mujeres, Santa Cruz
1537 Pacific Ave, Suite 300
son1eoneexpress that what is happening is not ok?
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
Phone: 831-435-4030
-Do you think talking ruins the mood?
WalnutAvenue Wo1nen'sCenter
303 WalnutAve.
It is i1nportantto talk about sex with your partner before you Santa Cruz, CA 95060
have it. However, engaging in an ongoing dialogue during Phone: 831-426-3062
sex is equally important. Try asking:
Planned Parenthood, Santa Cruz
1119Pacific Ave., Suite 200
-May I (touch, kiss, put n1y
)?
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
Phone: 831-426-5550
-Are you into this?
The Wo1nen'sCenter, UCSC
-How are you feeling?
1156 High Street (near ca1npus1nainentrance)
Santa Cruz, CA 95064
-What would you like 1neto do?
Phone: 831-459-2072
-Do you think consent can be erotic?

-I think it's erotic when you do (

Consent borrowed from The 2008 UC SC Disguide, "Let 's Talk
Consent" and TI1eCUT Collective and associated zines

) to me.

-What do you like?

Recommended Reading
-Men's \Vork by Paul Kivel
-The Will to Change by bell hooks
-Feminis1nis For Eve1ybodyby bell hooks
-The Color of Violence by Incite!
-Transfonning a Rape Culture Anthology
-Sister Outsider by Audre Lorde
-Assata by Assate Shakur
-This Bridge Called My Back Anthology by
Gloria Anzaldua
-The Courage to Heal by Laura Davis
-Trans Liberation by Leslie Feinberg
-I Never Called It Rape by Robin Warshaw
-We Don't Need Another Wave Anthology

Local Resources

~m~

'I/I; :

Santa Cruz Women's Health Center
250 Locust Street
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
Phone: 831-427-3500
http://\vww.scwo1nenshealth.org
Santa Cruz Co1111nunity
Counseling Center
195 Harvey West Blvd.
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
Phone: 831-469-1700
http://www.scccc.org/"www.scccc.org

~

□□

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1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

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WI/I

69

We don't have that many things we do just for the pleasure of
it, just because of bow they 1nakeus feel or how they' re 111aking
other people feel. Probably you can think of lots of things
that 111atchthis description -playing fabulorn 1ntisic, cooking
wonderfully, napping. I encourage you to think of these things,
and then go out and do the1n - they're things that fioht the soulsucking 1nise1ythat is capitalism. Sex is 1ight up tl~re, though.
on the list of plea5ure-for-its-own-sakeactivities.And so it bugs
me that often sex ends up being horribly 1nis-managedand not
fun, or flat out fucked up, or explicitly an exercise in de1neanino
yuckiness. Sex is a good thing, and we should have a fabulot;
titne doing it, but we might also need to keep son1e guidelines
in nlind. The following are 1nyba.sy
ideas for how
to keep the
deliciousnessneura.is
ratio
low.

If the person you're kissing turns out to be a 1na5sivelytongueful kisser. and you prefer upper-lip subtle licking. de1nonstrate
what you' re into on the111
and request they try it. This is often a
really hard tiling to do - we' re all willing to tum other people on,
but often have a hard time asking them to change what or how
they' re doing tilings with/to us.

'l?i.lRI'()NI: :
Before you get to the salty, sweet, sweaty
bits involved with sex, there's the titne between identifying
so1neone you'd like to get with and actual canoodling. In 1ny
experience, the main neura.is in this pa1t comes fro1n people
not being able to talk to each other ethically. If you're attracted
to so1neone, there are two titnes when the responsible thino to
do is tell the1n how you're feeling: 1) when you have an idea
that they 1night return the favor, or 2) when you' re obsessing.
your crush is causing you anguish or when it's rui1lingyour
friendship. Ethical divulging of attraction 1ni1linlizes the
en1barrass1nentfactor inevitably involved for youiself and your
potential smooch-ees. I suggest scripts like these: "I'd love to
hang out with you for the third titne this week. But I want you
to know that I have can1al intentions toward you. How do you
feel about that?" or "Can we 1nake out, even thongh 1'111not up
for a romantic relationship at the 1noment?" Notice that these
are verbal representation.<;
of what is so1netitnessuppa;ed to be a
purely spontaneous, you just know" kind of event. Don't get n1e
wrong: 1'111all for wordless goodness. Trouble is that n1oving
in, li1x;puckered, can leave the recipient of your pucker with no
s1noothway to take a bit more time, let you know that actually
he has a boyfriend in Baltimore, or whatever.
A way the pre-naked part goes wrong is when your crtish is
pure fabrication. This is a non-co1l'lemualcru;h: the object of
your affection is unaware of your interest, or uninterested, and
you persist in interpreting their every action as proof of your
excellent chances to so1nedaysoon nibble their earlobe. Which
is why talking is good. The 1nainpoint: you should refrain from
projecting stuff on people you' re into, you should co1nmunicate
clearly, gently, and honestly with them, and you should tnake
every effort to relinquish unrequited crushes. This is also the
part where you go out and get tested for sexually tram1nitted
infections, ma.t notably HIV and hepatitis.

3) Be willing to expand the horizons of what turns you on. If
your new honey likes nothing better than going down on you,
and you're not sure what you think about it, give it a shot. Or
if sl~e•d really like to try sex with a new strap-on in the shower,
see tf there's a place in your libido for that. Or if he's into roleplays, play along. If any of the potential activities are stretches
for you, set up tilne limits: five 1ninutesof cunnilingus, unless
I tell you explicitly I want you to keep going. We stop with
the ~trap on 1f the hot water runs out. And in general: Don't
fall into the trap of assu1ningthat sex is only sex if penetration
happem, or if there are 1nassiveyelling orga<Jnis-these are fine
but unnecessary ingredients. As with part one, the keywords
here are "ethical behavior." which involves communication,
e111otional
flexibility, and being present in the mo1nent. Finally:
these are still potentially dangerotlStitnes, 1ny friends! Before
any potentially fluid-exchange-y activities, you gotta talk about
when the la5t time you got tested was and what sex you' ve had
since then. This is never a hugely sexy conversation, but with
practice, it' II become jt1Stanother aspect of your erotics of talk
And since you'll have listened to my wise advice in Part One,
at tllis point you' II already have been tested. Regardless, latex
=good

'1n

1?~T'TWV : And then you' ve 1nadeit to sex narrowly defined
- there's probably kissing. groping. tingly goodness, and perha}l>
bare skin. Yay! But also, Yipes! What to do? Here I have three
reco1nmendations:
1) Don't ba5e the kind of sex you have on movies, bad romance

novels, or an abstract idea of what you should be doing. While
a lot of the time the naked part is ea5y and fun, there is a fair
chance that there' ll be son1e awkwardness. Many of us tend to
fall into patterns that are really pretty 1nessed up - and rigidly
heterononnative sex isn't fun, even for straight couples.
So1netitnesyou find youiself in bed with someone who has - or
have yourself - difficult or painful history with sex. So again with
the commwlication, which doesn't have to be verbal but can be.
Check with your partner(s) as you go, and be willing to shift
what you're doing. Co1n1nurucatehow you' re doing, yourself:

70

2) Be willing to stop explicitly sexual activities, even after
they've started If you've developed a hesitation, say so. If
you're fine with kissing but not with rupple pinching, say "1' 111
good to go with the kissing, but don't pinch my 1lipple." If you
want to stop
1nakingout altogether,
say so. If the person or
pe<?pleyou' re in ~d
with express a wish to
stop an activity - for
heaven's sake, stop!

a
rts
reeP

1?il~T "flf':'££: Especially if this Wa5the first ti111eyou've
hooked up with son1eone,the pa;t-naked time can be neurosismaking. What are they tllinking? When will you see each other
again? Tllis is another ti1ne to refrain fro1n projecting and be
open to conversation. You 111ayhave decided that you're not
interested in any 1nore hoo-ha, or that you' re interested in lots
1nore sweaty sweetness. In either case. ideally you' II let the
person in question know where you' re at - again, clearly,gently.
and honestly. Tilis doesn' t have to be a huge production, but
so1ne commu1licationis in order. pa.t-sex - it's actually part
of sex. D?n 't make assu1nptio1l'labout people you've had sex
~1th! Don t pretend not to see the111!
Don't obsessively hang out
111bais they frequent to re111ind
the111
you exist without talking
about the fact that you were recently touching tu1n1nies!And
if they're weird and reft1Seto talk to you, be angry at the111
.
~nd reach for a state of co1npassionbeyond pity - they're just
incapable of adult behavior jt1Styet. The ideal in this part is for
clear and painless unde1standingof what's going on, in one of
three situatiom:
1) You both want to keep having sex, and with each other
(brilliant!)
2) You want to and they don't (understand that you are perfect
and wonderful, anyhow, and try not to argue too 1nuch with
then1) or b. they want to and you don't (be clear and firm
without being 1nean)
'
3) Neither of you want to (also fine! Part civilly. and perha}l>
craft a friendship).

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

FERTILITY Cycles
There is a vast growth of info out there about how to keep
safe and healthy, but it takes good investigating and thorough care to attend to the specifics of your body, which is
living and sharing with others. This Guide contains info
about fertility, safe sex, contraceptives, healing herbs, testing, and a long list of resources to check out.
This info which we are about to give you is meant to dispel
myths about the fetnale-bodied cycle as dirty, abnorn1al,or
taboo. Our bodies are beautiful and strong, and this information is meant to highlight the power of female-bodies,
dispelling systems of oppression that reinforce these taboo
feelings.
This infonnation is brief!! and fu1therresearch is needed
if you wish to pursue any of the practices we suggest with
herbs or self-exa1nination. Reme1nberthat each body is
different, and results n1ayrange from person to person. Its
great to have friends around when trying anything new out.
Co1nmunicatewell, be honest, and sta.rt answering your
personal questions.

e n1oon I
The 1nansecycle starts the first day of bleeding, which
can last anywhere from a couple of days to a week. When
bleeding stops, there are a series of "dry" days. These days
1nayfeel damp, if you're in a loving mood, but the dan1pness is usually clear and runny. After these "dry" days
comes a series of "wet" days during which the body produces a crea1nysubstance--fluid that helps swi1nthe sperm
towards the egg, signaling:

To get an idea of when you are likely to be ovulating, pay
attention to the mucus-like fluid released by the body
before, and usually during ovulation. It is usually white,
creamy, or stringy(! !yummy).Check for this before peeing daily by wiping downwards with a finger (yours or
someone else's!) to get a good idea of\vhats been brewing.
Noting the consistency and color is i1npo1tant--arousalfluid
can cause the same wet feeling, but it is less viscous and
usually clear. Spenn* can also be confused with ovulation
fluid because they are both white and creamy. Paying attention to both substances will n1akethe differences clear.

Ovulation happens anywhere fro1n12-16 days before
bleeding reoccu1s. The last "wet" day is the USUAL day
of ovulation. While the eggs only live for one to two days,
sperm can live for up to SEVEN DAYS if they are being
kept wann inside the body, meaning most pregnancies sta1t
knows how to heal, knows how t
in the wide window BEFORE and AFTER ovulation. On
- a wo111a11
s testh1101ry
before t
the FOURI'H nightAFI'ER the last "wet" day, there is little
to no risk of pregnancy, and this remains true up until the
The uterus and period cycle is son1ethingthat is often side- cycle starts up again. Menstruation can so1neti1neshide
lined as offensive or gross. Historical evidence of this: the
ovulatory fluid, meaning you can ovulate and bleed at the
New-England witch hunts; modern day evidence: anti-abor- same time, so when the cycle sta1tsagain, a pregnancy can
tion rallies outside clinics.
start.

LUN

The following ai1nsto briefly recap the 1nenstrualcycle and
fertility patterns. This info is not just for the fe1nale-bodied;
bodies aren't quite that binaty, so if you've got eyes and
other patts, GET INFORMED! There will always be so1neone in your life that can use this infor1nation. Discou1se
is the expression of reality, and by talking we can 1nakea
world that we can REALLYrock out in.
It is important to keep track of your changing body and be
in tune with certain aspects of your cycle that n1ayseen1
out-of-whack or confusing. The 1noreaware you are of
your body's patterns, the tnore infonned your decisions will
be about, for example, whether or not to drop n1adcash on
the morning after pill, or whether you want to investigate
the ALTERNATIVES. Keeping track of the cycle for a few
months can blossom an awareness on how to plan/schedule
and deal with day to day life. Keeping an eye out for the
moon is an easy way to do this, because the hu1nanbody

REMEMBER:
Ovulation can be triggered early or late, depending on
circu1nstance. Cycles are 1nostnotably altered because of
stress, \Vhichsignals to the body that it is not a good ti1ne
to get pregnant because of harsh circun1stance,and menstruation along with ovulation decrease. This indicates the
body's needs are not being met.
If you are taking birth control, this pattern is altered accord
ing to your prescription.

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

71

(HERBS that help!

I

Many of us have heard of Clinical Abor•
tions- these are sca1y and expensive,
nd it is important to consult your
I
1t
doctor and your body before you
undergo a clinical abortion.
Fun Facts! !*One way to get spenn out ofypursften1 after sex is throtJgh kegei
However-hooray!-- there
exercises. This consists of flexing your vaginal 1nuscles(the muscles that stop
are healthier alternatives to
and start your pee) bv' r and over. Doing this exen;ise while you pee releases
abortions, which some of us
the sperm, inside your~vaginal lining ( and kn malresex better ~ince your vlgina
have found effective.
will &et1tighter).
This article is a mere start' '
ing point; please consult as
many sources as possible
before undergoing a D.I.Y.
herbal abortion. A back-up plan
is CRUCIAL. Some herbs, like pennyroyal, are dangerous and sometimes deadly
in large doses. so please approach your abortion with
mindfulness and knowledge before undertaking such
a task Remember, herbal abortions are anALTERNATIVE to ,clinical abortions, and rnay not work all 1
Yeast Infections:
00 ered
the tinie. Please consult the list of awesome resources
trie,e,
on the next page for more information.
unde1wearthat
1

action is

72

There are many herbs that work as abortificients
in various ways. These include inhibitors (which
prevent the egg from attaching to the uterine wall),
blockers (which prevent the egg from doing anything
after it attaches). and contracting herbs (which force
the egg to release from your uterus [rny favorite]).
There are foods and habits that can also help reject an
unwanted pregnancy. These methods are not generally referenced in "traditional medicine," and this
neglect reflects a long history of violence towards
women, and towards self-awareness. Just as our
education systern neglects to teach foreign languages
to young children, it neglects to teach health and sex
education in terms of respect and consent (See Sex in
Three Parts pg. 70).

DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

A self-administered, herbal abortion is one way to avoid over-the-counter drugs and the anxiety of sitting in the waiting
roo1nat the clinic. There are lots of resources out there, but the one that follows comes fro1n a well-respected pan1phlet
called DIY Guide IL
The remedy, the author suggests, works best either 10 days after your 1nissed period or as soon as you suspect you are pregnant before your missed period. For 1nost female bodies, this is when your belly is swollen, your tits sensitive, you pee 111o
re
then usual, have food cravings and spotting, or 1nay feel fatigued, nauseous, or euphoric. Be wary of your sexy body, take
a deep breath, and keep reading.

Boil a pot of wat er.
Put ½ ou nce (medium h andfu l) of mo~erwort and ½ ounce of pennyroya l in
2-3 cups of boiling wa ter.
Cover and ste ep in pot for about 20 minut es, then st rain the leaves.
Sim mer 1 ounce of blue cohosh root in 2 cups cold water for 20 minu tes, covered, th en strain .
Mix the pennyroya l-moth erwort an d the cohosh root mi xtures together.
Drink piping h ot, abou t ¼ cup of th e sec ret weapon 4 or 5 tim es a day, or 1 ½
cups a day, a little every hou r.
Take 2 golden seal root capsu les 3 tim es a day an d chew fresh ginger an d mak e
fresh ginger tea all the time .


Po ur some honey in it, hold a friend 's hand , and dance when you bleed!
There are many other herbs that could be used for different reaso ns, and at different times in
you r cycle. If you want to consis tently inhibit the egg frorn attaching to the uter us, use herbs like
Rutin (Ruta graveole ns), Cotton Root Bark (Gossypium hirsut um), or Quee n An ne's Lace Seed
(Daucus carota) . For further blocking after the egg attaches , yo u cou ld use Angel ica (Angelica
atropurpurea) or Pennyroya l. For uterine contracting her bs, you could use Blacw Cohosh or Wiltl
Yam . Aga in, there is a wea lth of amaz ing instruc tional information ou t there about herbal abortions and contraception, so consul t these so urces and check in wit h yo ur strong and sexy body
before expe rimenting .

..

RESOURCES
Herbal Abortion: The Fruit of the Tree of Knowledge by Uni M Taimat
DIY Guide II
Walnut Avenue Women's Center: 175 Walnut Ave Santa Cruz, CA 95060
#(831) 426-3062
Planned Parenthood: 1119 Pacific Ave. Santa Cruz, CA 95060 # (831) 425-1551
Search FreeSkool Calanders for Related classes and Subrosa for written info

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

73

Unisex Restrooms
Project
Goal: Create unisex restrooms that are safe

and accessible for all catnpus members and
visitors, including fa1nilies, people with
disabilities or attendants, and tramgender
peoples. Please note that the UC 1wndiscri11ti11ation.
state11ientincludes "gender
identity" and is consis tent with the Califo11lia Fair E111plo
y111.entand Housing
Act. Learn 111.or
e at: http://wivw.ucop.ed11
/
ucoplw111
elcoordrevlpolicyl 12-18-03 .ht111l
'Throlinology:
• Unisex Restrooms: facilities labeled
"Restroom" that any petson 1nayuse.
• Gendered Restroonts: facilities labeled
"Men" or ''Wo1nen" that are sex-segregated
• Single Occupancy Restrooms: facilities with locking exterior doors and no
privacy stall inside.
• Single Stall Restrooms: facilities with
usually unlocked exterior doors and
one ptivacy stall ittside.
• Multi Stall Restroom;: facilities with
usually unlocked exterior doors and
two or 1noreprivacy stall inside.
Action Steps:
1. Take an inventory of single stall and
single occupancy restroonIS on catnpus,

including identifying which restroonts are
wheel-chair accessible.
2. Post information on UCSC website.
3. Convert single occupancy restrootns to
unisex with new signage that says "Restroo111
" instead of ''Men" or ''Women." Include accessibility sign when appropriate.

UC Santa Barbara - Converted 17 single
occupancy restrooms fro111gendered to
unisex and are investigating the feasibility
of converting an additional 17.
Why is UC Sru1taCruz is lagging behind other UCs?!

UC Sru1Diego - Inventoried and found 186
single stall or single occupancy restroonts.
Converted 88 single occupancy restroo1ns
fron1 gendered to 1ulisex.Listing of these
restroonts can be found at the foll.owing
page on UC San Diego's website: http://
link.ucsd.edu/Blink/Extemal /Topics/Policy/0,1162,13561,00.httnl Info front Gary
Mattltelvs, UCSD Assistant Vice Chancellor over Physical PlaJ1tServices .
The costs included the associated labor to
conduct the inventory, which was complet-

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ed by Custodial staff, as well as the s ignage
and installation costs. The initial labor of
custodial staff was not tabulated, as it was
performed during their scheduled assign1nents.Identify and list locatio1tswas the
assign1nentwithin the context of their duties to ittspect all facilities. No additional
cost was incurred for the initial assessment.
Staff were assigned to assemble and input
data into the Business Portal (Blink). About
three hours total time was utilized @ $50/
hr. Cost@ $150.00. Signs were purchased
and installed for about $30.00 per sign.

!

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UC Los Angeles - Identified approxi1nately30 single occupancy restroo111S
and
has posted map locatiom and information
about then1 at the following web page:
http://www.lgbt.ucla edu/bathrootns.httn
None of the three camptl5eshave received
negative feedback for their action. San Diego ran into obstacles with handicapped access signage that requires symbols for men
and wo1nen, but the issue was resolved.
Conversions comisted of signage changes
and, in a few ittstances, imtallation of locking 1nechanisms. San Diego and Santa Barbara reported negligible costs to do their
conve1s101ts.

!.l !.l !..,.i..!.i..!.i..!.i.Jl Jl Jl J.,J.,Jti..,.i..!.i..!J.!J.!.l ll l l l l
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make trouble.

I

j Jndy bay.org - the ,vebsite of the SF Bay Are<!,,_a
n d Santa\

:. Cruz Indepehdent }-l[ediaCenters-is a rad~cal ne,vs si te :.
Free Radio Santa Cn1z 101.1 fm is your local, unlicensed, n1icropowerradiJ ,vhere every reader can also be a repo rter.
station. Some call. us pirates,.but we see ~hat we do as reclaiming what belougsj It 's a p la-ce for you to learn abou t ,vha t's goi ng on in!
to all ofus collectively,the airwaves. Radio can be an easy, cheap and fun way t~ dive rse to 1n mu nities a ll over No rth er n Galifo rn ia and !
cotninuilicat~with ~ach other o~ a grassr?Ots level. Unfort.unately, powet!ul in7 beyon d. It's also a space fo.r you to easily pub lish your!
terests have 1ncreas1nglyconsolidated their control of the airwaves for their ow1~own r~por ts, ar ticlcis, ph otos, au d io & video. Build thc l
profit, at the expense of the .people and the free .flowof information. In~reasingjsocial just ice m,ovemen t by shari.n(yol.\.r experiences and I
coiporate control of the media was one of the 1nain reasons that Free Radio Santaj reflections with the ,vorld .
I

Cn1zwa<ifonned in March of 1995 by a group of local folks who were working;
.
.
.
with Food Not Bon1bs. They were dissatisfied with the way that the Santa Cnii. Every reader 1sa repor tec_.Get active. Get u1volved today!
Sentinel and other local 1nediawere reporting stories about events and protests)
often telling the stoty al1nostsolely fron1the point of view of the police depart-]
1nent. So they got together to see what they could do to address this problem,1
and the idea of a radio statiou came up. So, they decided to pool their n1eagerl
resources and buy a traitsn1itter.And Free Radio Santa Cn1zwas born.
j
Free Radio Santa Cn1zinvites you to join with us in continuing to create inde-)
pendent, tn!ly 11on-co111mercial
, co1nmu1lity1nedia Tune your radio dial to 101.t
fn1, go to our website freakradio.org where you can listen to our live strea111
, see]
our full schedule, contact ll5, and even apply for your own show. Progra111S
in-]
elude excellent, independently produced news from a local, national and inten1a-'·
.
tional petspective, lots of great 1nusicand local talk shows, many of which are unavailable anywhere :
else on yo1u·dial. Join tl5 in standing up for com1nu1litycontrol of the ai1waves. As Jello Biafra says, :
"if you don't like the n1edia, beco1ne the media."
:


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STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS
Included here are so1ne in1portant student organizations here at UCSC. However, the list of all the invaluable, radical, and empowering
organizations is 1nuch longer than this! It 's never difficult to find wonderful people in Santa Cruz to organize and hang out with.

tudent & Worker Coalition for Justice (SWCJ)

Students Informing Now

e Student & Worker Coalition for Justice is co1npooedof students ,
campus workeIS, and organizeIS from the various unions on ca1npus
see pg. 17). The purpose of the org is to build student awareness
. f labor issues on campus and student support for all worke1s in the
truggles. SWCJ is a non-hierarchical collective, meaning there are no
ennanent leadetship positions and eveiyone has equal power. Over
he yearn it has proved an invaluable resource for the labor movement
t UCSC, and new 1netnbers are always welcome!

~===========================1
newUC

(SIN)

Our mission is to help pro1notehigher education particularly in
support of 1ruuginalizedstudents, especially,but not liniited to,
AB540 sn1dents.We aspire to develop a safe enviro1llllentand
network where students don't have to be afraid to ask questions about their educational circll1llstances.By workiug collectively with die co1run1uuty,
we ai1nto empower and infonn,
consequentlybringing voice to those diat are 1mjustlysilenced.
We aim to acrueve diese ambitions by en1ployingpopular education 1nediodology;everything done without shame... SIN
Vergiienza!

Is a coalition of students fighting the corporatization of the UC. We Vision:
*One-day d1erewill be equal opporttuiitiesin education.
seek to build ties with other organizations to fight the logic of scarcity. *Educationwill be free of cliaige.
The newUC is still in its infancy stages, but has helped start a radical *Eliniinatebarriers diat restrict higher education to the ecodialogue on ca1npu.s.
nomically and socially privileged.
- .......
.....,,.._......,......,.........
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htt,_:..,.
//..,tl,..1e
...n...e....
w,,.u
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....o...r..d..;.p.,.res
......
s ....
c....
o....
m--' *Advocatefor a just i1runigrationreform.
*Eliminateall fonns of oppression
*Maintain S.I.N.'s legacy long after fo1mdingn1e111bers
liave
graduated
www.StudentsinfonningNow.org




Movimiento Estudiantil Chicana/ode Aztlan

(MEChA)

The Chicano Moven1ent of the late 1960 s helped spark cultural and
historical pride in our people. Chicanas/Cliicana; detnanded to be
treated as equals and denounced acculturation and assimilation Brown
pride began to express itselfthrongh poetiy, literature, a1t and theatre.
The contributions of the Chicano Move1nent are nu1nerous and continue to be vety valuable to our society. M E. Ch.A was established at
the Denver Youth conference in 1969 by student organizatiom(such as
UMAS &MAYO) that ca111etogether to create one organization that
would work towards the self-detem1ination of our gente.

The
Project
is a quarterly uc s c publica- j
tion created by an open collective or radical folk We at :

Moviniiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlan (ME.Ch.A) is a student TheProject hope to raise awareness regarding pertinent issues by presenting alternative views to what is presented
organization that pro1notes higher education, cultura. and historia. by the corporate media, and through this, work to change
NIEChA de UCSC is conllllitted to the liberation of nuestra raza's co1111nonly
held beliefs. We feel that it is not only our right,
n1inds, bodies, and souls through educational, econoniic, and politcal but our duty as conscientious, active participants in our
to educate otheIS in an effort to improve our
en1powennent.M.E.Ch.A. was founded on the principles of self-de- co1111nunities
tennination for the liberation of our people. We believe that political collective lives. The purpooe of the collective is to docu1nent and inspire strategic radical actions that are relevant
involvement and education is the avenue for change in our society. In • to local, regional, and global socioecononiic justice. We bethe ti1ne of the new sun, la; estudiantes of NIECh.A,la; guerreroo/as · lieve independent 1nedia plays a crucial role in facilitating
in other places, and la gente all over the world are here to clai111our dialogue, organizing 1nass 1nobilizations, and encouraging
daily acts of resistance. You can sub1nit content to:
voices and our rights as humankind Por la raza, habla el espiritu

theproject@riseup.net

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75

DIV GUIDE TO SANTA CRUZ

Santa Cruz lndymedia

(an incomplete list of independent local projects)
ean1ng proiec s eg1nw1 peop e w o are mo 1vaed to put into action their desires for the kind of world in
hich they want to live. The more we create our own projects that are apart from and in some cases pose a direc
challenge to the dominant institutions, the more vital an
meaningful our world(s) will be for us. Here is a short lis
of some of these kinds of projects in Santa Cruz.

The Bike Church
http ://bikechurch. santacruzhub. or~
Community Bike Shop and Too Cooperative. Bike
church volunteers are there to help you learn how to
work on your bicycle. We encourage people to learn by
gett ing their hands dirty and to fam iliarize themselves
with the mach ine that they rely on to get them from
place to P.lace.
703 Pacific. 831-425-BIKE

Cabrillo Bike Co-op
htt~ ://www.cabrillo.edu/assoc iations/b ike
Ca rillo Bike Co-op provides students and the community with tools , space, and education to use bicycles as
a means of sustainable, low-cost transportation.

Computer Kitchen
http ://com puterkitchen. org
The Computer Kitchen strives to reduce the amount
of technology that ends up in landfills w hile providing
a space , tools , and advice for people to work on and
learn about this technology. Open Wed & Sun. 703
Pacific.

Food Not Bombs
Food Not Bombs offers community meals open to all ,
to build commun ity, reclaim public space , protest hunger , poverty , militarization , and all forms of oppression.
Wed at 4pm @ Farmer 's Market & Sat at 4pm @ SubRosa.

Free Radio Santa Cruz - 101.1 FM
http ://www.freakradio.org
Free Radio Santa Cruz has been on the air since 1995
without a license , broadcasting 24 hours a day , 7 days
a week, 365 days a year , in defiance of federal regulations. Broadcasting programs unava ilable on corporate contro lled stations. 101. 1 FM. 831-427-3772.

http://indybay.or~/santacruz
Web-based loca news and info source , focused on local issues and the direct impact of larger issues on our
community. On Santa Cruz lndymed1a you can easily
publ ish articles , audio, photography, and video. Your
stories and analysis go right up on the newswire. Online.

Santa Cruz Trash Orchestra
http://trashorchestra.org/
Santa Cruz Trash Orchestra is a performance and
marching percussion band , whose instruments are
composed exclusively of recycled and reclaimed materia ls, focused on anarchist and anti-authoritarian
struggles and mutual support for groups making radical social change .

SubRosa: a community space
htt%://subrosaproject.org
Su Rosa is a space for art and radical projects run
by a collect ive of volunteers from the local anarch ist
community . It offers anarchist books and literature, local , gourmet coffee , performance and a weekly open
mic , gallery art by emerging local artists , and a garden courtyard social space. It also hosts the Ana rch ist
Lend ing Library, free computers , and many free skool
classes. 703 Pacific Ave.

Stop UCSC Expansion
http ://stopucsc.org
The UCSC tree-sit has ended, but res istance continues. The tree-sit was one expression of an ongo ing
resistance to UCSC expansion, which threatens both
the forested habitat around UCSC and local communities . U~dates on the continuing resistance to the univers ity s efforts to develop the forest and com mod ify
education.
course ere 1smuc more going on aroun own an
his short list encompasses. Keep your eyes and ears
open; talk to others (word of mouth is the best way to find
ut what's going on) and look for flyers around town (a
great DIY way to spread the word). Also, if you discover
hat there is that vital something not happening here,
hen do-it-yourself and spread-the-word (collaborate with
allies with similar passions). Let's joyfully tear down the
orld around us and create something wonderful in its
lace.

Free Skool Santa Cruz
http ://santacruz. freeskool. org
Free Skool Santa Cruz is a complete ly grassroots, collective effort to create an autonomous, mutual-support network. It is a direct ·
challenge to institutional control and the
com modification of learn ing. Free Skool calendars are distributed widely in public places
around Santa Cruz ..

1

Guerilla Drive-In
http ://www.guerilladrivein. or~
Santa Cruz Guerilla Drive-n is an outdoor
movie theater under the stars that springs ·
up in the fie lds and industrial wastelands.
Beyond showing great movies and bringing
a broad community together , GDI reclaims
pub lic space and transforms our urban environment. Schedule online.

76

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DisorientationGuide.w ordpress.con1

ELCOME

ACK

TUDENTS!
.204 LOCUST ST. 457-1195
OP ·EN MONOAYTHROUGH

SA TU RDAY 10AM UNTll 6PM

1)isorientation ffiuibe 2009~ to

77

Recommendations

. Here's an assorted list of stuff that we as the Disguide Collective feel are

noteworthy, important, or just plain cool. Peruse them, use them, open your eyes and disorient yourself!

Books
TheShock Doctrine, Nao1niKlein
My Traitor's Heart, Rian Malan
Sexualityand Socialis,n, Sheny Wolf
Red Highways, Rose Aguilar
Eyes of the Heart, Jean Bertrand Aristide
Oryx and Crake, Margaret Atwood
City of Quartz, Mike Davis
Ho,nage to Catalonia, George Oiwell
Borderlands, Gloria Anzald(ia
The WhiteBoy Shuffle, Paul Beatty
Race, Wo,ii
Davis
.. en,~and Class,
.... ..Angela
.,
Das Kapifal,. KarLMarx X-:. . ~ ..
VWtatIs to Be Done?,..:;.
Vladnn1rI..:en1n
Pedagogy ...
of ihe Oppressed,. PauloFreire
Cho,nskyonAJ-1archis111,
Noa1n
Chomsky
,,,,,..,.. . . -The ConquestofBread, Peter Kro~tkin
Making·a Killing,
Bob Torres.....,.~ '
,
~~

.

ndrew Matthews (Anthro) .:Di,
Daniel Linge7 (Anthr6)~~

12 Carolyn Martin Sliaw (Anthro)
Sean Burns (CMMU)
0 ,
efr'Bifiy (ENVS) ·"171;
~/,;:~ ~
lan·Richards (ENVsf ··...~•-"'l~"•
·• ·~'~
BettinaAptheker (FMST)

Wretchedof the Earth, Franz Fanon
The Dialectic of Sex, Shula1nith
..-Firestone
Siveetnessand Power, Sidney Mintz
The Subversionof Politics, George Katsiaficas
The UnbearableLightness of Being, Milan1Ku noera
The StrongHearts (zine series), Rod 'c oronado
Al-lllrchisni
and Other.Essays,
E1nn1aGoldtnan
:-a;
Bury My Heart at Wounde"dKnee, Dee Brown
How NonviolenceProtectsthe State, Peter Gelderloos
"The CoiningInsurrection" & "Cah", the Invisible Co1n1nittee
Last Year of MalcobnX: Evolution of a Revolutionary,
George Breitman
Disciplineand Punish: The Birth oj,the Prison, Michel
Foucault
The PossessiveInvestuienl in)VWiiteness,George Lipsitz
NativeAlnericansand the.;Christian.Right, Andrea Smith

Gina Dent (FMST)
Stewart Cooper (KRSG)
James McCloskey (LING)
Guillem10Delgado (LALS)
Flora i:.,u(LALS)
Gary.N oung (LIT)
"'
Jody Green (LIT)

Eva Bertra1n(t~ I)~
Bob Meister (PO~l)7'
Na1neeraAkhtar,(PSY<2)
Travis Seymour·(PSY""
G)
Aida Hurtaj <t(PSYc_,.;.i
) ~':r .
Craig Haney_(PSYC)--"""-- 't
!__{

\

Music
NakedAggression
he Voids
Refused
he Coup
he Blue Scholars
he Welfare Poets
Quilapayun
Do Make Say Think
he Books
Billie Holiday
Pop Bottle Bornbers
Black Bird Rau1n
International Noise
Conspiracy
Sage Francis

78

His Hero Is Gone
Baader Brains
Please Inform The Captain This is a Hijack
Gather
I Object
Good Clean Fun
Minor Threat
Crass
Dystopia
Defiance, Ohio
a/ /political
Anti-Product
Antischism
Contravene

News
emocracy Now! lndybay.org
I Jazeera
Freak Radio
om Dis atch
101.1 FM

The Project
TWANAS

Poetry
Juliana Spahr--This Connection of Eve1yonewith Lungs
Richard Brautigan
Rumi
Andrea Gibson
Saul Williams
Kinetic Poetics (UC Santa Cruz Slam Poetry Team)

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As you flip through this year 's Disorientation

Guide
there are probably some things you dig and some
things you would change if you could ... and thank
goodness for tha.tl You see, this project was created
over the summer by a small number of folks who
contributed their knowledge, resources, and time.
tn other words : we gave it our best shot.

Devin Cohee:
A fallen comrade. She was a revolutiona,y socialist who fou3ht for
socialjustice and the betterment
of our society. She was an active member of the International
Socialist Or.ganization ISO},
Students a3ainst War SAW},
and Campus Anti-war Network
(CAN). Devin was and st11/is an
essential member ofour activist communif:!J in Santa Cruz and
other Pi/aces Mer words and actions
touched. She was a stron3. and
passionate /i_qhter whose aetermination ana dedication allowed
her hJJJ_,utworld& issues before
hersefr ,Devin live'fleve,yda3 as i
it was her last and led a hard Ii~
because o[it. Dru3s were used as
an escape'from herfo1lin3 ph1js1'cal
boc{q an/I the fa,cl<edup rea7ities
we live in, which ultimatelq led to
her demise and our loss. Devin w11/
alwa!fs be missed but not forqotten, she le a hu3e void that will
never be '/led,ancl if she was still
here cap1t;a/ism wou'/d have its ass
handed to it.

Many of us are graduating this year, so the collective
will need lots of new participants.
We welcome and
invite you to make next year's guide your own by
giving feedback, providing content, and/or helping
with its construction.
Only with your help can the
DisGuide evolve, improve, and grow.

Take us over.
Comments. Critiques. Involvement.

disgnide. wordpress. com

1)isorientationffiuibe2009~ to

79

KNOW

YOUR

RIGHTS
B Santa Cruz Co watch

What rights do I have?
The Rightto Advocatefor Change.
The First Amendmentto the U.S. Constitution protectsthe rights of groups and individualswho advocate changesin laws, government practices, and eventhe form of government.

The Rightto RemainSilent.
The Fifth Amendmentof the Constitution provides that everyperson has the right to remainsilent in
the face of questionsposed by any policeofficer or governmentagent.

The Rightto be Free from "Unreasonable
Searchesand Seizures."
The Fourth Amendmentis supposedto protect your privacy. Without a warrant, no government
agentis allowedto searchyour homeor office and you can refuseto let them in. Know,however,that
it is easyfor the governmentto monitor your telephonecalls, conversationsin your office, home, car,
or meeting place, as well as mail. E-mailis particularly insecure.The governmenthas alreadybegun
stepping up its monitoringof e-mails.

If ThePoliceStopYou...

If The PoliceStopSomeone Else...

Ask, ''AmI FreeTo Go?"

Stop AndWatch.

If not, you are being detained. If yes, walk away.

Ask, "Why AreYouDetaining Me?"
To stop you , the officer n1ust have a "resonable suspicion" to
suspect your involven1ent in a specific crime (not just a guess or
a stereotype ).
Yottdo not have to answer any questions. If you are stopped
while driving you DO have to show ID , registration, and proof
of insurance. If you are stopped ,vhile walking , you are not required to sho\', ID. If you are being detained or issued a ticket,
you 1nay ,vant to show ID to the cop becuase they can take you
to the station to verify your identity.

Do Not Argue Or RespondTo TheirAccusations.
When talking to then1 always keep your hands in sight. Do
not touch them. Do not run away, even if you have done noth ing ,vrong. Do not argue with, insult, or be rude to any officers,
even if they are being rude to you .

\Vrite down officers' names, badge numbers, and car nt101bers.
Cops 1nust be indentijied by na1ne 01· badge n1e1nber.
- \Vrite down the ti1ne, date, and place of the incident and all
details as soon as possible.
- Ask if the person is being arrested , and if so, on what charge.
- Get witnesses' na1nes and con tact info.
- Try to get the arrestee's na1ne, but only if they already gave it
to the police.
- Document any inju ries as soon as possible. Photograph the111
and have a medical report describing details of the injuries.
Police can arrest someone they believe is "interfering " with
their actions. Maintain a reasonable distance, and if cops threat en to arrest you, explain that you don't intend to interfere , but
you have the right to observe their actions.

If ThePoliceArrestYou...
Do Not ResistPhysically.

If A Cop TriesTo SearchYourCar,YourHouse, Or Your
Person:

Use your words and keep cool. You n1ay be handcuffed ,
searched , photographed and fingerprinted.

Say repeatedly tha t you do not consent to the sea,·ch.
If in a car, do not open you r trunk or door - by doing so you
consent to a search of your property and yourself. If at ho1ne,
step outside and lock your door behind you so cops have no
reason to enter your house. Ask to see the warrant and check for
proper address , judge's signature , and what the warrant says the
cops are searching for. Everything must be correct in a legal warrant. Otherwise , send the police away.
The cops can do a "pat search" (search the exterior of one's
clothing for weapons ) during a detention for "officer safety
reasons." They can't go into your pockets or bags ,vithout your
consent. If you are arrested, they can search you and your possessions in great detail.

Say Repeatedly,"I Don'tWantTo TalkUntil My Lawyer
Is Present."
Even if your rights aren't read, refuse to talk until your lawyer/
public defender arrives.

IfYou're On Probation/Parole:
Tell your P.O. You've been arrested, but nothing else.

Do Not TalkTo InmatesIn JailAbout YourCase.
Get Help!
In California, within the first three hours of your arrest, you
are allowed 3 local phone calls: one to a fa1nily member or
friend , one to a bail bondsperson, and one to a lawyer.

For more informationonyourlegalrights.visitwww.nlg.org

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